MINUTES OF 11th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 22nd -23rd NOVEMBER 2010

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 11th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 22nd -23rd November 2010 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 8th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 26th -27th October 2010 was confirmed subject to the inclusion of the following condition in Item 14, page 22:

Condition (xiii) In view of the highly gassy, watery nature of the deposits within the mine and the fact that old workings survey reports are not available as informed by the project proponents, and the planned inclines of 1:2.5 gradient for safety of men and mine and heat and humidity also adding to the problem of methane gas; special attention is required for the supervision of the underground workings, as electricity is in use. For better supervision, man riding facility needs to be provided in both the inclines and adequate manpower for upkeep of electrical apparatus and other equipments.

Consideration of coal mining projects was taken up as given below.

 

1.       A presentation was made by Shri J.L. Mehta, expert member (EAC (T&C) on Mining and the Environmental Issues and Concerns of Mining.

 

2.        Cluster IX Group of 6 Mines (Combined Prodn. capacity of 6 MTPA with a peak

capacity of 7.5 MTPA in a total combined ML area of 1942.12) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the cluster consists of 9 mines – 6 UG and 3 OC of a combined ML area of 1942.12 ha as given below:

 

S.no

MINES IN CLUSTER IX

Name of Mine

Production capacity(MTY)

LEASE HOLD AREA(HA)

Life of Mine

(years)

NORMATIVE

PEAK

1

Lodna UG

0.115

0.150

391.64

30

2

North Tisra(UG)

0.15

0.195

246.24

30

3

NT/ST OCP

1.65

2.145

256.15

26

4.

Jealgora (UG)- closed

-

-

138.00

 

5

Bagdigi (UG)

0.11

0.143

61.00

30

6.

Joyrampur(UG)

0.153

0.199

98.04

30

7.

Jeenagora(OC)

0.7

0.91

276.05

5

8.

Bararee(UG))

0.17

0.221

475.00

30

 

TOTAL

3.08

3.963

1942.12

        -

9.

Proposed NorthTisra/South Tisra Expansion OCP

6.0

7.8

1431.00

30

 

Of the 6 UG mines 1 UG mine is closed and of the 3 OC mines 2 are exiting and one OCP, namely North Tisra/South Tisra is proposed. It was also informed that the 5 UG mines- Lodna, Bagdigi, Jeenagora, Bararee and NT/ST UG mines are proposed to be amalgamated into one mine of 676ha ML area. This would be further integrated with the proposed North Tirsa/South Tisra to make the ML area 1431 ha.  The proponent informed that the implementation of EIA-EMP prepared for the cluster /operation of these mines would be integrated with the Jharia Action Plan through control of fire affected sites within the cluster and by relocation of population from fire affected areas and unstable areas into a R&R colony which is funded under the Jharia Action Plan.

 

The details of integration with Jharia Action Plan are given below:

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

1.

Total Voids

12.371 Mm3

2.

Total External OB

11.57 Mm3

3.

Total Unstable Sites

98 no

4.

Total Affected Areas

2245600 m2

5.

Fire affected Area

1584160 Km2

6.

Fire affected Sites

56 nos

7.

Subsidence affected area

352800m2

 

Subsidence affected site

20 nos

8.

Mixed affected area

308640 m2

 

Mixed affected site

22 nos

9.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

12246 no. as per JAP

10

Land for Resettlement

83.184 ha (BCCL land) +

143.948 ha (Non-BCCL land)

11.

Total  resettlement Cost

Rs 126092.027 lakhs

 

The proponent presented the details of present land use and conceptual landuse at the post mining stage.

 

LAND USE OF CLUSTER IX

 

S.No

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Land Use (ha)

Proposed Mining Land Use (ha)

Post- Mining Land Use (ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

47.11

82.00

0.00

Not Backfilled

35.00

35.75

0.00

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

32.11

Backfilled

102.68

0.00

0.00

Not Backfilled

119.38

63.86

0.00

3.

External OB dump

104.34

0.00

0.00

4.

Service building/mne infrastructure

29.87

28.87

0.00

5.

Coal dump

6.62

6.62

0.00

6.

road & rail

95.27

95.27

95.27

6.

Homestead land

232.58

232.58

232.58

7.

Agriculture land

45.63

45.63

45.63

8.

Forest land

0.00

0.00

0.00

9.

Plantation/reclamation

88.82

696.07

1058.77

10

Water body

29.67

85.19 

118.59

11.

Barren land

1005.15

570.28

391.28

12.

Total

1942.12

1942.12

1942.12

The Committee desired that the status of each mine in the cluster in terms of land use, status of production and proposed operation through a calendar plan, details of the Jharia Action Plan for addressing problems of fire and subsidence and reclamation and post mining land use should be given in the EIA-EMP Report. The schedule of implementation of the Jharia Action Plan should also be reflected and integrated with the calendar plan of operation of the mines and mine closure issues. The Committee further desired that the location of the sampling stations should be adequate in number to reflect the AAQ status of each mine in the cluster and provide a realistic data on the AAQ levels which includes various other activities including coal transportation – present and proposed. In addition, mine specific R&R Plan and CSR for the entire cluster should be presented.

 

The Committee noted that the ML details presented are not clear and the details of the amalgamation of the mines and the total number of mines in the cluster should be furnished to the Ministry for according the TOR.

 

                                                      

3.        Tubed Opencast Coalmine Project (6 MTPA peak over 460 ha) of M/s Tubed Coal Mines Ltd., dist. Latehar, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 30.04.2009)

 

The proposal is to open a new opencast coalmine project of 6 MTPA in an ML area of 460 ha of which private land is 235.24 ha, Government land is 62.37 ha and forestland is 162.39 ha. It is an opencast mechanized mine of a max. depth of 230m. An estimated 55 Mm3 of OB would be generated over the life of the mine. An external OB dump of 55 ha and a max. height of 90m is proposed. Water table is in the range of 4-7m. Life of mine is 30 years.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the coalmine is for a JV of M/s Tata Power (40%) and M/s HINDALCO (60%) for their two linked projects – a TPP (2x260 MW) of M/s Tata Power located at Chandsi at a distance of 240km for which a TOR has been obtained and a Smelter of M/s HINDALCO to be established in dist. Ranchi which is yet to obtain a TOR.  The mining would be mechanised with use of surface miner and use of Highwall mining during the last four years in the batter and barriers. Controlled blasting would be practised. It was informed that River Sukri passing through the mine is to be diverted during the 7th year of mining operation to extract 20MT of coal found underneath the river and realigned to its original course at the ML boundary. It was further informed that 20m on either side of the diverted river would not be mined. It was informed that the dumping of OB in the external OB dump would be for the initial 5 years only and thereafter backfilling would commence and a final void of 4 ha area of 10m depth would be left during post mining land use. It was clarified that it would be difficult to rehandle the OB from the stabilised dump reclaimed with plantation at the end of mine life. It was informed that coal would be transported through covered conveyor of 10km from mine site to the nearest rail head at Latehar Railway Station. It was informed that the main approach road and the permanent haul road would be black topped and existing public kutcha roads would be replaced by concrete roads. It was clarified that no crushing is involved, in view of use of surface miner. It was informed that during the initial phase, an estimated 800 m3/d of groundwater would be required and after the intersection of water table, mine pit water would be utilised. The area is a ‘Safe’ category from groundwater development. CGWA clearance has been obtained on 17.10.2010. The Committee was informed that R&R involved is 991 PAPs (428 PAFs) and 217 land losers and an R&R Plan based on the R&R Policy of the Govt. of Jharkhand for a budget of Rs 34 crores has been prepared. In addition, a Wildlife Conservation Plan for Rs 2.7 crores has been prepared for Habitat Restoration and approved by the State Govt. of Jharkhand. It was informed that a Plan for CSR for Rs.1987.50 lakhs has been prepared which includes providing direct employment to 400 persons and indirect employment to 1000 persons.

 

The Committee desired that the PP obtain permission of State Irrigation & Flood department for diversion of Sukri River. The Committee desired that the Diversion Plan along with design of the proposed diversion be furnished. The Committee desired that it may be examined whether the OB dumped in the last phase of mining could be rehandled and dumped into the decoaled voids and also whether the area of ext. OB dump could be reduced. The Committee observed that the soil is suitable for agriculture and since the area is also drained by a river system, it needs to be rechecked if the agricultural land is irrigated and a statement from the local agricultural Dept. of the State Govt. be obtained and furnished. The Committee desired that the water supplied for drinking should be treated to drinking water standards since levels of parameters such as TDS, Mg, are high and Ca is low. The Committee stated that there should be no road transportation and the entire coal from mine to railway siding should be by conveyors and thereafter by rail. The Committee observed that since about 200 tribals are to be affected, a Tribal dev. Plan in consultation with the State Tribal Welfare Dept. be prepared. The Committee also desired that a detailed project specific time bound comprehensive R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the implementation schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. The Committee also desired that an amount of Rs. 1.5 crores to 2 crores /annum should be provided for maintenance of rehabilitation colony (common resources) and a minimum 1% of the retained profit of company should be spent on welfare of land oustees. The Committee also desired that a project specific CSR should be prepared earmarking a budget of Rs 5/tonne of coal for villages identified around the project area for various activities including health (primary health centres), schools (particularly primary schools), water and sanitation facilities, etc and details of these should be furnished. In addition, the company should provide direct and indirect employment to villagers. The PP should also provide training to local people for skill development and alternate livelihood. The Committee desired that an amount of Rs 2000 -3,500/ per month be provided to vulnerable population such as the old, destitute, physically challenged, widow, etc. The Committee also desired that a copy of the constitution of the JV under the Companies Act be furnished for record. The Committee desired that the correspondence with CWLW, Jharkhand and comments of CWLW on the WL Conservation Plan should be furnished.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details/clarifications.

 

 

4.       Bithnok Lignite Mine Project (2.25 MTPA) of M/s Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd. to be located at Bithnok, District Bikaner, Rajasthan (Further consideration of EC based on TOR 13.04.2007)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held in Feb. 2010 and based on the response received vide letter dated 25.10.2010, the proposal is being further considered on the issues raised by the EAC (T&C). It was informed that of the total ML area of 2700 ha, forestland is 222.155 ha. Life of the mine is 36 years. The project involves R&R of 62 PAFs from Rampura village.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that there are no first/second order streams or major channels/rivulets within the ML area.   It was informed that an estimated 0.46 Million gallons/day of water would be required for mining operations. The groundwater is found at a level of 72-75m and is saline with a TDS of 14000 mg/l and would be treated in an Desalination/RO Plant. The rejects (brine sludge) from the RO Plant would be dried in solar evaporation pond of 100 x100m and depth of 3m. It was stated that permission for use of water from the IGNP (Indira Gandhi Nehar Pariyojana) Canal has been obtained for the linked TPP-cum-mine (11 cusecs and 1 cusec for the mine). The villages in the study area also obtain water from the IGNP Canal for their domestic consumption and for irrigation. It was informed that the ultimate working depth is 205 m bgl which would be backfilled to ground level except for a void of 30m at the post mining stage. It was informed that the project involves displacement of people, 62 PAFs and 355 land oustees. An amount of Rs 3.71 crores has been earmarked for specific R&R measures.

 

The Committee desired that the area of 124.21 ha planned for future mining and the 268.50 ha intervening area should be kept undisturbed during the life of the project. The Committee was of the view that in view of scanty annual rainfall of 280mm in the region and high level of abstraction of groundwater from the aquifers for the project would result in depletion of the groundwater which will not be recharged due to scanty rainfall. A disposal of the brine sludge stored in the evaporation ponds as a raw material for soda ash, etc also requires to be done. The Committee observed that recently considered lignite projects of M/s RSMML had undertaken a detailed study on the Hydrogeology and Water Balance and use of saline water in the study area and its use and treatment and disposal of brine sludge. A similar exercise on the long-term sustainability of the groundwater aquifers with various scenarios requires to be undertaken by the proponent for this project. The Committee desired that a clarification be obtained from the State Water and Irrigation Dept., Govt. of Rajasthan/State Ground Water Board on the groundwater regime in the area. The Committee a copy of the Letter of Agreement between the NLC and the State Govt. for use of water form IGNP and desired that the extent of reducing the use of IGNP water be examined. The Committee observed that the linked TPP (250 MW) is situated at Barsingsar at a distance of 3km from the mine, and therefore recommended that an integrated study be carried out. The Committee also desired that the integrated study of impacts of operation of mine and the linked TPP on the air and water quality, etc should be presented. The Committee desired that an budget of Rs 117 lakhs has been provided for capital costs and desired that a provision of Rs 5 per tonne of lignite be earmarked for revenue expenditure for undertaking CSR for the neighbouring villages. The Committee desired that R&R and CSR should be implemented on norms of National R&R Policy or the State Govt. which ever is higher. The Committee desired that an annuity of Rs 10 lakhs/year should be earmarked for the vulnerable sections of the society. R&R and CSR activities should include skill development, imparting training for indirect employment, establishment of cooperatives and SHGs, etc to address issues of long-term livelihood.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon furnishing these details.

 

 

5.        Mednirai Coal Block (OC and UG) (1.50 MTPA: OC 1 MTPA and 0.5 MTPA UG in ML area 1052.97 ha) of M/s Mednirai Coal Mining Pvt. Ltd., located in Hutar Coalfields, dist. Latehar, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proposal is for opening a new Opencast-cum-underground coalmine project of a max. production capacity of 1.5 MTPA in an ML area of 1052.97 ha, of which 711.38 ha is forestland, 8.43 ha is Jungle Jhari land, 146.30 ha is Govt. land and 186.86 ha is Rayati land. The block has been allotted to a JV company comprising of M/s Rungta Mine Ltd. and M/s Kohinoor Steel (Pvt.) Ltd., and would provide coal to its linked projects – TPP (500 MW) 500 MW power plants at Saraikela-Khaswan, Jharkhand & Kohinoor Steel (Pvt.) Ltd. and to its Sponge Iron Plant, at Saraikela-Khaswan, Jharkhand. The opencast mine would be mechanised operation and of a total area of 127.89 ha and the entire quarry forms a part of forestland. The opencast mine depth is 90m. and an estimated 199.37 Mm3 of OB would be stored in external OB dump. Life of the mine is 23 years.

 

The Committee noted that the project proponents had stated in their application for TOR that the proposed project is 0.5km from the Palamau Tiger Reserve. The Committee also observed that the study in and around the proposed site has a lot of dense forest. The Committee decided that it is not in favour of setting up of an opencast-cum-underground coalmine abutting the Palamau Tiger Reserve. The Committee after discussions decided to reject the proposal for grant of TOR.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)          An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1.50 MTPA rated capacity of which OC 1 MTPA and 0.5 MTPA UG in ML area 1052.97 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)         An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for OC 1 MTPA and 0.5 MTPA UG in ML area 1052.97 ha MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for OC 1 MTPA and 0.5 MTPA UG of coal production in ML area 1052.97 ha based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)        A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (SPM, RSPM, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale)  (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)     Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xviii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the same. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxii)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxiii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiv)  Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow- chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxv)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvi)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvii)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxviii) Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxix)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxx)   Integrating the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxi) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  And selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxii)  Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxii) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxiii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiv) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of Public Hearing and the points raised by the general public. Commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvi) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvii) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxviii)Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxix) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from the Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the          letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)           Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

6.        Choritand-Tilaiya Opencast Coal Mine Project (0.8 MTPA) of M/s CT Mining Private Ltd., located in West Bokaro Coalfields, district Bokaro, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 28.05.2010)

 

The proposal consists of opening a new opencast coalmine project in West Bokaro Coalfields by a JV company named ‘CT Mining Private Ltd’ comprising of two companies - M/s Rungta Mines Limited and M/s Sunflag Iron & Steel Company Limited. The proponent made a presentation. The Committee was informed that the coal block falls in ‘Go Area’. It was informed that the EC is being sought for OC mining as exploration is still on for UG mining. It was informed that the original ML area was 242 ha, however an additional area of 42 ha outside the lease area has been identified for dumping OB of an estimated 88.78 Mm3. Thus the total project area is 299.73 ha. Mining would be mechanised. The Coal from the mine would be transported a distance of 4km to Jageshwar Railway Siding to its two linked projects by rail. It was informed that an external dump of 52.73 ha and 5.51 ha outside the ML is to be used for storing OB and it would be of a max of 90m height. A final void of an area of 44.14 ha and of 130m depth which would be reduced to 80m is to be left at the post mining stage. It was informed that of the total water of 518 m3/d requirement of the project, 160 m3/d would be by recycling and 368 m3/d is make-up water of which 208m3/d is for colony and peripheral villages (domestic consumption). Mine water after treatment in settling ponds would be discharged into River Bokaro. It was informed that there is no reported Schedule-I fauna in the study area. Life of the mine is 17 years. R&R involves 310 PAPs (50 homestead losers) and 46 land losers. It was informed that a budget of Rs 21 crores has been earmarked for R&R.

 

The Committee desired that the possibility of transport of coal from mine to Railway Siding by conveyors be examined. The Committee desired that the proponent re-examine rehandling of OB from the external dump into the decoaled voids to further reduce the void and to reduce the overall height of the external dump. The Committee noted that TOR has been granted in May 2010 wherein a condition had been given for collection of one-season data on PM10 and PM 2.5. This may be collected and furnished. The Committee desired that a confirmation from CWLW, Govt. of Jharkhand that there is no reported Schedule-I fauna found in the study area be obtained. The Committee desired that a project specific R&R Plan along with schedule of implementation and a CSR Plan for specific villages over the life of the project along with capital and revenue budget (of Rs 5 per tonne of coal) for the specific activities identified be prepared and furnished. The Committee desired that the issues raised in the P.H. along with specific commitments be furnished in a tabular form.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the proposal upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

                            

 

7.        Proposed Sondiha (OC & UG) Coal Mining Project (1 MTPA peak in an ML area of 810 ha) of M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp. Ltd., located in dist. Sarguja, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proposal is for opening a new OC-cum UG mine with a peak production of 1 MTPA in an ML area of 810 ha. Of the total ML area, 197.257 ha is forestland. 130.223 ha consist of Chote-Bade Jhad ke jungle, 37.382 ha is Govt. land and 300.434 ha is private land (Adivasi (Tribal) land) and 144.710 ha is private land (non-tribal). Max. depth of mining is 240m by OC and 360m by UG mining. R&R involves about 800 PAF in 5 villages. Life of the mine is 36 years for the OC-cum-UG mining; UG mining will commence production from 16th year of operation. Transportation of coal would be by tippers and OB by dumpers. The coal would be transported from the mine to the nearest railway siding situated 100km away at Bisrampur. The total water requirement is 1103 m3/d (645 m3/day mine water is for dust suppression, plantation, workshop and 485 cum/day is for drinking water/potable water from bore well).

 

The Committee desired that the production details, calendar plan of production and landuse break-up should be provided separately for OC and UG mine. The Committee noted that 138 ha of forestland falls in OC and 80% of the JJ land also is for OC mining. The Committee desired that a letter from CWLW be obtained whether the area falls in elephant corridor as district Sarguja forms a part of the elephant migratory corridor, and if not, whether the area  forms part of elephant habitat or elephants have been found visiting the area, and if so, a WL Conservation Plan along with comments of the CWLW should be furnished. The Committee observed that a void of 165.45 ha of 120m depth is proposed at the post mining stage and was of the view that converting a large forest area into a water body is not desirable and desired that this may be re-examined vis-à-vis the proposed ext. OB dump of 60m so that the ultimate void depth and area are reduced. The Committee observed that 800 tribals would be displaced/affected and desired that a detailed SIA Study should be carried out and a Plan drawn dovetailing with the schemes of the State Govt. on Tribal Welfare, which includes provision of alternate livelihood options, income generating schemes, training for in direct employments, creation of SHGs, Cooperative society, etc. The project would also require forestry clearance addressing issues under Forest Rights Act. The Committee also desired a Project specific Action Plan for R&R and CSR.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for an OC-cum-UG mine of 1 MTPA peak rated capacity in an ML area of 810 ha ML area based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)     An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for an OC-cum-UG mine of 1 MTPA peak rated capacity in an ML area of 810 ha ML area to cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for an OC-cum-UG mine of 1 MTPA peak rated capacity of coal production in an ML area of 810 ha based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (SPM, RSPM, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale)  (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)   Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xviii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the same. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxii)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxiii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiv)  Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxv)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should be based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvi)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvii)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxviii) Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxix)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxx)   Integrating the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxi) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  And selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxii)  Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxiii)           Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining status. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxiv) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxv) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxvi) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxviii) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxx)  Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from the Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issues raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(iv)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(v)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(vi)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals under other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

8.        Bicharpur Underground Coalmine Project (0.5 MTPA Normative and Peak 0.75 MTPA in an ML area of 500 ha) of M/s Madhya Pradesh State Mining Corp. Ltd., dist. Shahdol, M.P. (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the coal block has been allotted to the M.P. State Mining Corp. Ltd. (Lessee) who has entered into an Agreement with ACC for providing 0.5 MTPA of cola for their linked cement plant. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new underground coalmine project of 0.5 MTPA (normative) with a peak production of 0.75 MTPA in an ML area of 500ha consisting of 94.70 ha of PF, 72.844 ha of revenue forest, 305.173 ha of agricultural land and 8.693 ha is Govt. land and 18.54 ha of water bodies/nalla. Entire block is coal bearing. Land of 10ha for infrastructure and 10ha for the colony is non-coal bearing.  UG mining is by Board & Pillar method with caving. Ultimate depth of mining is 255.6m. Life of the mine is 38 years. No R&R is involved.  Land oustees would be provided employment in the UG mine. Total water requirement is 60m3/d for the mining operation and 210 m3/d for domestic consumption. Transportation of coal to siding would be by belt conveyor and thereafter by rail to the linked cement plant at a distance of 90km. The Lotna nalla which flows from South to North, divide the block in two parts. Two nalas, named Bagtha and Murna, flow from West and East respectively in northern part of the property, and join Lotna nala within block. The later two and remaining water courses are seasonal during the rainy season. A small area of UG mining falls under Shahdol town. Production will begin from the 4th year and rated capacity would be reached by the 5th year. It was informed that Mining Plan is under preparation.

 

The Committee desired that a detailed Subsidence Prediction Modelling should be carried out. The Committee desired that only extraction of coal should be done in the area falling under Shahdol town. The Committee desired that 45m on either side of the nalas flowing within the block should be left undisturbed. The Committee felt that the plan for undertaking UG mining should be brought to the attention of the State Housing and Urban Dev. Dept. and examined in respect of the Perspective Town Planning of Shahdol Town for further expansion vis-à-vis the coal block and their comments obtained.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for an Underground Coalmine Project (0.5 MTPA Normative and Peak 0.75 MTPA rated capacity in an ML area of 500 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)     An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Underground Coalmine Project (0.5 MTPA Normative and Peak 0.75 MTPA rated capacity covering the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data for an Underground Coalmine Project (0.5 MTPA Normative and Peak 0.75 MTPA of coal production in an ML area of 500ha based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)     Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)    Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as an explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)     Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Risk assessment and Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining status. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

9.        Meeting on Env. Issues Concerning Creation of Water Bodies in decoaled voids of coal mines at the Post Mining Stage as part of Final Mine Closure.

 

The EAC (T&C) in the meeting held on 26th -27th Oct. 2010 had decided to consider a special agenda item on the environmental issues concerning creation of water bodies in decoaled voids of coalmines at the post-mining stage as part of the Final Mine Closure. This matter had become an important issue since a large number of projects were being received from both CIL companies and from private coal companies wherein the OB generated from mines with steep gradient were being dumped outside in large external OB dumps of 90-120m height and voids of 150-250m created were left as water bodies. The Committee had reservations on two issues – creation of large external OB dumps and creation of large and deep water bodies, which irrevocably and completely destroyed the land use of pre-mining scenario. Besides, the water quality of the water bodies could also be rendered poor due to reactive nature of the exposed rocks, etc. The productivity of the water body was also practically nil at depths greater than 30-40m. Creation of such deep water bodies impact the groundwater regime of the adjoining areas. The Committee was therefore of the view that the OB should be backfilled to the maximum extent and a void of not more than 30-40m depth should be left, if at all.

 

M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., had recently made a presentation on two proposals  - Pelma OCP and Kartalai OCP wherein this issue was discussed and the EAC had decided to defer the matter until the issue was discussed in grater detail.

 

Shri Subba Rao, Expert, Hydrogeology in CMPDI, Bilaspur made a presentation. It was informed that a total of 17 pit lakes have been created in the coalfields under M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. A discussion ensued on characteristics, biotic nature and productivity characteristics of freshwater natural lakes vis-à-vis artificially created ‘pit lakes’. Dr.S.Kaul. MOEF and Dr.Arijit Dey, MOWR stated that artificial lake systems of such depths is not a desirable proposition both from water quality, impacts on groundwater and biological productivity. Thus, biologically there is no advantage of having such large lakes. The Committee was of the view that a more scientific analysis of the issues requires to be carried out through proper studies.

 

The Committee after discussion decided that a Multi-disciplinary Study funded by MOEF be carried out by experts from institutions such as the Indian School of Mines, Dhanbad, IIT, Roorkee, and other such institutions having expertise in ecology, groundwater, geology, environmental chemistry, etc. The Committee desired that the Terms of Reference of the Study should broadly address the following issues:

i.                  Whether creation of a water body is a good environmental proposition vis-à-vis backfilling to put the mined out land to post mining land use such as agricultural use/forest land etc for restoration of the habitat after completion of mining?

 

ii.        Should creation of a water body be a preferred option to restoration to agr. use/forest/ grazing land in view that many areas of the country are water deficient?

 

iii.       To what depth should a water body created be?

 

iv.       If the depth of the water body is below the water table and confined aquifer, what is its impact on the groundwater regime.

 

v.        Does creation of water body of depths of hundreds of metres have a negative impact on the water table in the adjoining areas of the project thus impacting the availability of groundwater in dug wells, and hand pump drawn water in the impact zone (zone of influence)?

 

vi.      Do really deep water bodies of hundreds of metres have any productivity? Do they have have any negative impacts on the ecology of the water bodies?

 

vii.     What is the impact of creation of such water bodies in areas with problems of Acid Mine Drainage (AMD)?

 

viii.      If confronted with various options what is the criteria for deciding creation of a water body - cost economics of backfilling/productivity of lake systems so created/recharge of groundwater?

 

These studies could be undertaken in the 17 pit lakes created and plan for creating such pit lakes in Pelma and Kartali opencast coalmine projects could also be undertaken.

 

 

10.     Meeting on Env. Issues concerning Dumping of Flyash in decoaled voids of coal mines

 

Director, MOEF informed that the EAC (T&C) in the 51st meeting held on 21st -22nd July 2009 had, in a special agenda item discussed a Note received from M/s NTPC on utilisation of flyash which is reproduced below:

“Ash utilisation Targets for all power plants: 100 % utilisation – As per MOEF draft Notification dated 06.11.2008 – 100% utilisation within 4 years for existing stations and within 3 years for new stations to be achieved and no land for ash dykes envisaged. Only 40 hectares land/500MW will be allowed for emergency ash pond storage. Although, NTPC ha been able to maintain ash utilisation of about 55% so far but gong forward this utilisation rate is not sustainable, because most of the applications such as low lying land filling, ash dyke, etc are one time use. Further the ash utilisation potential varies significantly from station to station depending on its proximity to metros.”

 

The EAC had after discussions in the 51st Meeting made the following observations:

  • Use of flyash is an environmental problem because of the possibility of leaching of heavy metals into the aquifers below the void where it is filled up.
  • There are a large number of scientific papers and technical studies, which have shown that flyash cannot be used in an unconfined disposal system.
  • The heavy metal content of flyash has therefore to be firstly determined; and if the heavy metal content is high, then such flyash should not be dumped into mine voids.
  • Also, the nature of the aquifer where the decoaled void is chosen for dumping has to be studied. If the ground water is shallow, and the strata above the aquifers is hard rock and is also not fractured, then the chances of subsoil leaching of heavy metals into the ground water system may not occur. On the other hand, if the geology is such that leaching is possible, then such decoaled mines are not suitable for flyash dumping.
  • In decoled voids which are identified for dumping flyash, an effective lining has to be used. The type and efficacy of the lining material has to be evaluated in field trials before such an exercise is taken up in large-scale as the lining may crack after a few years and the heavy metals may leach in large concentrations into the sub-soil and into the aquifers.
  • Soil testing need to be undertaken in the areas where the dumping is to be carried out. If the soil chemistry is such that the pH levels may be low (acidic) or may leach the heavy metals into the soil, then such areas should be avoided.
  • Stringent monitoring is required both of the dumping area for the efficacy of lining and also for monitoring of heavy metals (pre-dumping and thereafter) to discern sudden surge in heavy metals levels in the aquifers and downstream of the project site. 
  • The responsibility of monitoring the impacts of dumping of flyash for long-term effects of dumping of flyash including after the closure of the mine – such as efficacy of lining, levels of heavy metals into the env. systems (soil, water, etc.) is not clear and requires to be clearly spelt out.
  • If there is large scale leaching of heavy metals and contamination found in soil and ground water, the costs for the damage require to be assessed and further steps/measures to be taken require to be drawn up, since the populations would require to be moved out from such areas and cannot be permitted to consume the ground water and agricultural production to continue using such water.

 

The EAC (T&C) had concluded that:

a)      Flyash dumping should not be permitted compulsorily in mine voids as sought by NTPC.

 

b)     Field trials should be carried out for the specific mine voids wherein large scale dumping of flyash is proposed along with characterization of the flyash to be dumped particularly w.r.t. its leachability characteristics and soil testing of the voids.

 

c)      NTPC could explore use of flyash in cement plants, in construction of expressways and other such developmental sectors where such possibility of leaching may not be there.

                         

The EAC after discussions decided that project specific and site specific studies will need to be carried out before a programme of flyash dumping into mine voids is started and TORs granted to such projects should incorporate the aforesaid issues. TOR on the lines above should be prescribed, for applications received for Thermal Power Projects, which propose to dump flyash into mine voids, as a part of the EIA-EMP study to determine the feasibility of large scale flyash dumping into specific mine voids.

 

 

11.      Tawa-II UG Extn. Coalmine project (0.60 MTPA normative and 0.95 MTPA (peak) of a total ML area of 523.75 ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Betul, M.P. (TOR)

 

The proposal is for extension of the existing underground coalmine of a total ML area of 523.75 ha consisting of 400.029 ha of forestland and 123.721 ha of non-forestland. EC for the existing project was obtained in 2006. It was informed that the extension of the coalmine is in terms of surface rights for a transmission line passing through the block. There is no other change in the project parameters. Of the total ML area, 509.252 ha is under Mining Rights and 10.748 ha is under All rights and 3.75 ha is for surface rights. It was informed that forestry clearance has been obtained. Of the total 27 MT of reserves, 11 MT is extractable and the rest would be locked up in pillars. Coal grade is B-F. Mining would be by Board & Pillar using continuous miner. Ultimate working depth is 262m. Depillaring would start after 10 years. Life of the mine is 16 years. No R&R is involved. Tawa River forms the western boundary of the project. It was clarified that mining would not be under the Satpura Reservoir and a 15m solid coal barrier would be left and an angle of 27o would be maintained away from Satpura Reservoir which flanks the mine. Mining would be restricted to 15 m from the eastern bank of Tawa River and during the extraction stage, a barrier of coal in the form of solid pillar of width based on angle of draw and depth of seam would be left in the area near Tawa River and HFL of Satpura reservoir. Transportation of coal would be by road (160 trucks/day (20T Capacity) from mine to Satpura TPS, Sarni at a distance of about 10-11 km. Total estimated water consumption is 760m3/d.

 

The Committee desired that a subsidence study should be carried out. The Committee desired that the detailed Mining Plan should be furnished to the Irrigation Dept/ or the competent authority in the State Govt. and an ‘NOC’ from the State Authority should be obtained for mining near Satpura Reservoir. The Committee desired project specific CSR Plan providing details of employment and training for imparting skills, training, etc. A provision of Rs 5 per tonne of coal should be earmarked for revenue expenditure on CSR over the life of the project.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 0.60 MTPA normative and 0.95 MTPA (peak) of a total ML area of 523.75 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)     An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 0.60 MTPA normative and 0.95 MTPA (peak) of a total ML area of 523.75 ha and cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for 0.60 MTPA normative and 0.95 MTPA (peak) of coal production of a total ML area of 523.75 ha based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)    A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)     Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)    Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)   A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)   Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on them. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)   Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)  Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should be based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(vii)        Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(viii)       Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(ix)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

12.      Tawa-III UG Coalmine Project (0.48 MTPA normative and 0.60 MTPA (peak) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., dist. Betul, M.P. (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new UG coalmine project at the right side of the existing Tawa-II UGP. The total ML area is 205.56 ha, of which 139.49 ha is forestland, 62.73 ha is agricultural land and 3.34 ha is Govt. land. Area under mining rights is 197.91 ha and 5.55 ha is under All rights and 2.10 ha is under surface rights. Tawa River forms the western boundary of the mine. It was informed that the mouth of the Inclines would be 6m above the HFL of the River.  Mining would be by Board & Pillar with solid blasting & mechanical loading by LHD on belt conveyor with caving. Ultimate working depth is 440m. Life of the mine is 20 years. No R&R is involved. Total water requirement is 100m3/d. Transportation of coal would be by road to Satpura TPS, Sarni at a distance of about 8-9 km. mining below ground will be restricted to 15 m from the  bank of Tawa Reservoir.

 

The Committee desired that a subsidence study should be carried out. The Committee desired that the detailed Mining Plan should be furnished to the Irrigation Dept/ or the competent authority in the Satte Govt. and an ‘NOC’ from the State Authority should be obtained for mining near Satpura Reservoir. The Committee desired project specific CSR Plan providing details of employment and training for imparting skills, training, etc. A provision of Rs 5 per tonne of coal should be earmarked for revenue expenditure on CSR over the life of the project.

 

(i)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 0.48 MTPA normative and 0.60 MTPA (peak) rated capacity in a total ML area is 205.56 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)     An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 0.48 MTPA normative and 0.60 MTPA (peak) rated capacity in a total ML area is 205.56 ha and cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 0.48 MTPA normative and 0.60 MTPA (peak) rated capacity of coal production in a total ML area of 205.56 ha based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)   Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)   Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)  Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should be based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv)Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal – this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

13.      K.D.Kesalong Extn. OCP (4.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5 MTPA) and expansion of ML area from 545.82 ha to 750.97 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., dist. Ranchi, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion of 205.15 ha of area and for introducing mechanisation of crushing and evacuation system by mechanised Rapid Loading System. The expansion of area by 205.15 ha is along the dipside which would increase the coal reserves by 92.64 MT. Of the total 205.15 ha, 69.24 ha is tenancy land, 25.66 ha is Govt. land, and 110.25 ha is forestland of which 9.19 ha falls in safety zone and would not be acquired. Mining would be opencast by shovel-dumper combination. Grade of coal is E. An estimated 164.99 Mm3 of OB would be generated. Life of the mine is 25 years. An estimated 1287 m3/d of water is required for the project of which 513.75 m3/d is for the colony and 773 m3/d is for the mine. The source of the water is mine pit water. Sonadoda nala flows in the eastern side and Kendua nala along the western side and meets River Damodar flowing in the north of the ML. Transportation of coal is by road to Dakra railway siding which is 1.5 km away. The project involves R&R of two villages - Jehlitand and Barkitand involving 800 PAFs.

 

The Committee observed that a large number of mines such as Piparwar OCP, Rohini OCP, Purnadih OCP, Ashoka OCP, Dakra OCP, Ray Bachra UGP, Churi Benti UG etc are operating in the adjoining block. The Committee desired that M/s CCL prepare an integrated plan for operation and reclamation of total 110km2 of area in an environment friendly manner. The Committee desired that the EIA-EMP should provide the status in terms of existing and additional for all the project parameters and land use details. The Committee desired that the depth of the mine void should be reduced to the extent possible. The committee also desired that long term monitoring of water body in the void is undertaken. The Committee desired that a detailed Project specific R&R Plan and a CSR Plan be prepared and furnished as part of EIA-EMP Study.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 4.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5 MTPA rated capacity and expansion of ML area from 545.82 ha to 750.97 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 4.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5 MTPA rated capacity and expansion of ML area from 545.82 ha to 750.97 ha  and cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 4.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5 MTPA rated capacity 4.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5 MTPA rated capacity of coal production and expansion of ML area from 545.82 ha to 750.97 ha based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)   Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)  Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

              

14.     Gopalprasad OCP (15 MTPA in an ML area of 1163 ha) of M/s MJSJ Coal Limited, dist. Angul, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 31.1.2008)

 

The Committee noted that the proposed project falls in district Angul which is a Critically Polluted Area and decided to defer the matter until it is clear whether the aforesaid proposal can be considered in the light of the MOEF Circulars on “Critically Polluted Areas dated 13.01 2010, 115.03.2010, 26.10.2010. The moratorium for grant of EC in “Critically Polluted Areas” has been extended till March 2011.

 

 

15.      Establishment of Coal Washery (5 MTPA) of M/s Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd. in district Angul Orissa (TOR)

 

The Committee noted that the proposed project falls in district Angul which is a Critically Polluted Area and decided to defer the matter until it is clear whether the aforesaid proposal can be considered in the light of the MOEF Circulars on “Critically Polluted Areas” dated 13.01 2010, 15.03.2010, 26.10.2010. The moratorium for grant of EC in “Critically Polluted Areas” has been extended till March 2011.

 

 

16.      Mandakini ‘A’ Coal Block of M/s Mandakini Coal Company Ltd. located in Tehsil Chendipeda, district Angul, Orissa (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held in Oct. 2010 and the details furnished by the proponent were discussed further.

 

The proponent made a detailed presentation on the clarification sought by the EAC. It was informed that the State of Orissa has 14 elephant corridors, however, the project area does not fall within an elephant corridor. Sambalpur Elephant Reserve is 25km from the project area and the nearest elephant corridor is 17km SE of the ML. However, three herds of elephants comprising of 5, 6-8 and 21 elephants randomly move within/visited the study area and a WL Conservation Plan has been prepared for habitat improvement of their normal habitat and for other measures for their conservation at a cost of Rs 3.98 crores of which Rs 1.50 crores would be for the project area and Rs 2.48 crores would be for a Regional Plan in the buffer zone. It was informed that in addition to elephants, Sloth Bear are also reportedly found in the study area. It was informed that the forest density in the study area is in the range of 0.3-0.4 and near Kanheijena RF-Anantapur RF. In regard to R&R involving 958 PAFs, it was informed that  in addition to the costs earmarked for R&R, an additional cost of Rs 66 crores have been earmarked for the R&R colony. The proponent stated that 173 persons identified as part of vulnerable sections of the society be also covered in terms of provision of annuities over the life of the project.

 

The Committee desired that a detailed progress report of the implementation of the WL Plan should be submitted as part of the Monitoring Report to the MOEF RO, Bhubaneshwar. A Monitoring committee comprising of RCF/WLW of the area should monitor the Plan. Also, at least once every three years, a Third Party evaluation funded by the PP of the progress of WL Plan should be carried out. Other conservation measures include fencing of mine pits/infrastructure and colony area. The Committee recommends that as part of the project specific conservation plan, the proponent needs to earmark undisturbed area through the block as a passage for the free movement of the elephants during the life of the project when the mine is in operation. At the post mining stage, the mine should be restored as a habitat for the wildlife found in the pre-mining stage. The Committee noted that Rs 3.98 crores has been earmarked for only the first few years and should be appropriately reflected over the life of the project and details furnished to the Ministry for record. The Committee desired that grasslands should be developed and tree and plant species such as bamboo which constitute the natural diet of the elephants and plantation for bears should be developed in the elephant habitat and areas which are regularly visited by the elephants. As part of the Regional WL Conservation Plan, a study needs to be carried out about the population of elephants venturing into the area, the extent of their coverage, status of habitat and their improvement, etc.

 

The Committee stated that a budget of Rs 2 crores/annum be kept as a Corpus Fund for maintenance of the common property resources of the R&R colony. The Committee noted that a provision of Rs 11 crores has been made for the capital costs for the first 5 years. In addition, a sum of Rs 5 per tonne of coal or Rs 3.75 crores/year whichever is higher should be provided for the annual revenue expenditure on various activities undertaken under CSR. MCCL should also provide a good monitoring mechanism for R&R / CSR implementation. Third Party Social audit of implementation of R&R and CSR should also be carried out.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

17.     Proposed Coal Washery (3.5 MTPA) of M/s Rungta Projects Ltd., located in dist. Khalari, Jharkhand (TOR)

                     

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for setting up of a new coal washery of 3.5 MTPA in an area of 60 acres of which the Plant would be in 30 acres.   It was informed that the coal rejects of 0.69 MTPA could be used in the company’s cement plant situated at a distance of 1 km. The technology is wet process and an estimated 400m3/d of water would be used. Water from Sona-Ghugga Nala and from abandoned mines (Khalari Limestone Mines) situated at a distance of 6-7km. The company would also explore the possibility of use of rejects by miscellaneous users and an MOU can be entered. Facilities for storage of raw coal, clean coal and coal rejects in a stockyard for a maximum of 1-2 days would be created. Transportation would be by road to railway siding.

 

The Committee desired that the use of coal rejects in an FBC based TPP should be examined. The use of clean coal, and coal rejects should be clearly brought out. The Committee desired that the calorific value and ash content of the raw coal, clean coal and coal rejects should be clearly indicated. The transportation of raw coal, clean coal and coal rejects should be clearly brought out in the EIA-EMP study.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for which EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

 (iv)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (SPM, RSPM, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(iv)         Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)    Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xiv)    Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xv)       Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xvi)      Submission of sample test analysis of:

I        Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

II       Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

III      Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xvii)   Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xviii)  Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xxxvi)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)         After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector

Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

 

18.     Any Other Issue with the Permission of the Chair:

 

18.1   Dumri Coalmine Project (1 MTPA) of M/s Nilachal Iron & Power Ltd., located in North Karanpura Coalfields, dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand.

 

Director, MOEF informed that a letter dated 29.10.2010 has been received from M/s Nilachal Iron & Power Ltd. which confirmed the conditions sipulated by EAC meeting held in September 2010. It informed that an area of 93 ha of forestland within the ML area which is non-mineralised would be left out of the ML area and hence the revised ML area is 279 ha only. This 93 ha area could serve as a corridor/passageway for the movement of wild animals to and from forest areas adjoining the block. The proponent affirmed that a project specific conservation plan of wild fauna venturing into the ML area would be prepared in consultation with the State WL Dept. In addition, a 2m high wall would be erected over the 2km stretch of the embankment along the diverted nala to ensure that the animals do not stray into the quarry area. The project area of 32 ha, falling within the 93 ha of undisturbed area and the boundary wall of the embankment on the eastern side of the nala, would be thickly vegetated to facilitate free movement of fauna.

 

Director, MOEF also informed that a letter No.38/08-3537 dated 22.09.2010 from the Office of the CWLW, Govt. of Jharkhand has been received informing that as per a report of the DFO, no endangered fauna has been reported in the area. The EAC’s attention was drawn to the list of wildlife present in the study area presented by M/s NTPC who have two blocks neighbouring Dumri Coal Block- Chhattibaritau and Kerendari which has listed a number of wild fauna such as  Chital, Barking Deer, Striped Hyeana, Leopard, Sloth Bear, Sambar, etc. In view of the fact that Dumri is located within the 10km study area adjacent to Chhattibariatu and Kerendari, the EAC recommended that the company must implement a WL Conservation Plan for their project and also participate in the Regional WL Conservation Plan prepared by the State Government for the entire area. The Committee noted the proposed change in the total ML area from 393 to 280 ha and also decided that a condition for implementation of a WL Conservation Plan must also be stipulated in the EC.

 

 

18.2   Fuel Supply Agreement (FSA)

           

Director, MOEF stated that in some of the earlier proposals of coal washery in the State of Chhattisgarh considered by the EAC, it had been stated by the project proponents that the SECL has been insisting on transportation of raw coal form SECL mines by road only. Since Korba coalmines of SECL are a major source of coal for the coal washeries of Chhattisgarh and in view of the large-scale transportation of cola by road, leading to high levels of fugitive emissions and increase in levels of particulates and NOx, the EAC had been recommending evacuation of raw coal from SECL mines by rail mode and thereafter at the recipient end (near the washery) could be by road from the nearest railway siding to the washery. This issue was discussed with Director (Tech.) during the visit to Sharda OCP, wherein Director (Tech.) had furnished a copy of the Notice No. SECL/BSP/S&M/COMM/150/NCDP/4040 of M/s SECL dated 22.01.2009 (Annexure-3), which has stipulated a number of conditions and the condition imposed in the FSA on Coal transportation is reproduced below:

 

“1)      OPTION TO CONSUMERS FOR CHANGE OF MODE

          i)        Consumer shall have the option for supply of coal either by rail or by road or by a combination of both’.

 

         

18.3   The Committee was of the view that since a number of projects coming up for consideration before the EAC required to address/incorporate issues of mines safety, an expert on Mines Safety is required to be inducted into the EAC as a member.

 

 

18.4   The Committee desired that the MOEF take up the matter of constitution of a North Karanpura Coalfields Authority to address the issues such as integrated coal mining and waste management, integrated coal evacuation, regional planning for wildlife conservation and habitat restoration and the environmental concerns of the entire coalfield in an integrated manner.

 

The Committee also recommended that a similar Action Plan is required for Talcher area in Angul district, Orissa where 58 coal blocks of more than a total of 120 MT per annum production capacity are proposed to be developed.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

 

*  *    *

 


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 11th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 22nd-23rd NOVEMBER 2010 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

_________________________________________________________________

 

1.       Shri V.P. Raja                                                                   Chairman

 

2.       Prof. C.R.Babu                                 ……                                         Member

 

3.       Shri T.K. Dhar                                                                   Member

 

4.       Shri J.L. Mehta                                                                  Member

 

5.       Shri S.Seshadri                                        ..                           Member

 

6.       Prof. Roonwal                                                                   Member

 

7.       Dr. Shiv Attri                                                                     Member

 

8.       Dr. T. Chandini                                                           Scientist F MOEF

 

9.       Dr. Rubab Jaffer                                                    Scientist B, MOEF

 

Special Invitees:

 

1.       Dr.Siddharth Kaul, Director, MOEF, New Delhi for Agenda Item 9.

 

2.       Dr.Arijit Dey, Scientist CGWA and presently OSD to MOS in M/o Water Resources, GOI, New Delhi for Agenda Items 9 and 10.

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In addition, Shri P.R. Mandal, Advisor, Ministry of Coal and Dr.R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days and on the second day respectively.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 11th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 22nd -23rd NOVEMBER 2010 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

              

1.             M/s BCCL

 

2.             M/s Tubed Coal Mines Ltd.

 

3.             M/s Neyveli Lignite Corporation Ltd.

 

4.             M/s Mednirai Coal Mining Pvt. Ltd.

 

5.             M/s CT Mining Private Ltd.

 

6.             M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp. Ltd.

                              

7.             M/s Madhya Pradesh State Mining Corp. Ltd.

 

8.             M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

 

9.             M/s Central Coalfields Ltd.

 

10.          M/s MJSJ Coal Limited

 

11.          M/s Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd.

 

12.          M/s Mandakini Coal Company Ltd.

 

13.          M/s Rungta Projects Ltd.

 

*          *          *         

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                  

                

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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