MINUTES OF 8th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 26th -27th OCTOBER 2010

 

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

The 8th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 26th -27th October 2010 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

 

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 6th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 27th -28th September 2010 was confirmed subject to the following correction:

 

Item 8: Title should read as: Shahpur East (0.7 MTPA in 693 ha) and Shahpur West (0.45 mTPA in 587.50 ha). In first para, 3rd sentence: Replace 587.50 with 693 and 683 with 587.50 and 0.405 with 0.70. In 4th sentence 0.70 is replaced with 0.405.

 

 

Consideration of coal mining projects was taken up as given below.

 

1.       Tikak Extn. OCP of North-Eastern Coalfields Ltd. of M/s Coal India Ltd. district Tinsukia, Assam (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 23.05.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine adjacent to the existing Tikak OCP in Makum Coalfields, Assam. It was informed that the surface water bodies – lakes, rivers, nalas and streams in the study area are being monitored for pH, of the fact that the mine water is acidic. It was clarified that the mine water being discharged is being treated with lime and soda ash in neutralisation tanks and pH brought to prescribed limits. The proponent furnished a letter of the Forest dept. regarding diversion of the 72 ha of forestland found within the ML.

 

The Committee recommended that the surface water run off from the OB dumps and mine water being discharged from the mine should also be monitored for pH and treated to conform to prescribed limits and proper records thereof maintained. The Committee also recommended that no pyrite bearing rocks should be left exposed in the decoaled void and the voids should be filled with water body. Further, the water body should be also monitored for water quality for a period of 3 years after completion of the project and treated in case monitoring of water quality indicated pH to be acidic. In addition, an ETP should also be commissioned and continuously operated for treating mine effluents to prescribed standards. The Committee desired that random samples of water from the study area and from the mine should be independently got tested from laboratories approved under the EPA. The Committee also desired that the levels of toxic heavy metals in the effluents and in tea leaves of nearby gardens should be monitored periodically (once a year). The data of these tests and water quality data should be regularly uploaded on the company website.

 

The Committee was of the view that the issue of the coal block being part of an elephant reserve and clearances if any required thereon may be obtained under the Wildlife Protection Act 1972 and diversion of forestland of 72 ha under the FC Act.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the proposal for grant of EC.

 

 

2.       Radhikapur East including (Utkal F) Coal Mine Block (5 MTPA) with Coal Washery (5 MTPA) of M/s Tata Sponge Iron Ltd. located in Chendipeda Tehsil, Angul District, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 16.11.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine project for 3 industrial units – Tata Sponge, Scaw Ind, and SPS Sponge Iron, located at a distance of 300km, 70km, and 150km respectively. The sharing arrangement of the coal is 2.25 MTPA, 1.8 MTPA and 0.95 MTPA for the 3 units respectively. The mine is about 300km from the border with Chhattisgarh and does not form a part of the elephant migratory corridor. There is no plan for modification of natural drainage by diversion of nalas. However, an embankment along Singhada Jhor and Nuabanda nala is proposed. Mine Plan has been approved on 07.04.2008. In-pit dumping is proposed from the 5th year. About 30% of the OB would be stored in external OB dump of an area of 117 ha and a max. height of 120m. It is proposed to rehandle the OB dumped during the last stage so that the height of the dump is reduced to 90m at the end of mine life. It is proposed to leave a water body in the decoaled void of an area of 120 ha of a max. depth of 40m. Ultimate working depth of the mine is 280m bgl. Forestry diversion plan has addressed the issue of Forest Rights Act 2006. A Common Railway Corridor is being developed for coal evacuation from the mines along the route and is expected to be ready in 3-4 years. Coal is mainly G grade and F grade (15%).  It was informed that there are 4 villages, however no industrial activity exists in the vicinity.

 

The proponent also made a presentation on the coal washery which is proposed for a capacity of 2x600 TPH. It was informed that the total water requirement would be 2175 m3/d of which 190 m3/d would be recycled. Water would be sourced from mine water from the 5th year onwards and during the initial phase of first five years water from Sighada Jhor would be utilised. Permission of the State Government for utilisation of Sighada Jhor has been obtained.  The sharing of clean coal would be 0.6 MTPA (Tata Sponge), 0.55 MTPS (Scaw Inds.) and 0.18 MTPA (SPS) by the 3 units respectively. Coal rejects (3.7 MTPA) would be used for power generation by the consortium, the modalities of which are still being worked out.

 

The Committee noted that elephants have been reported in the adjoining Block – Utkal E of M/s NALCO and hence elephants are found in the study area and hence details of a WL Conservation Plan to ensure safe passage for movement of elephants found in the study area as the mine develops over the life of the mine until post mining land use should be prepared and presented along with specific activities and budgetary provisions. The Committee desired that the area of the final water body being left at the post mining stage should be reworked with changes to the extent of OB that could be further rehandled. The Committee stated that storing of 3.7 MTPA of coal rejects cannot be permitted and desired that details of the FBC based TPP be firmed up and details presented. In addition, the matter of using water from Singhada Jhor during the initial 5 years also needs to be relooked.  The Committee also desired that a project specific R&R Action Plan and a CSR Plan should be furnished. The Committee desired that details of Agreement with the villagers through a detailed compensation negotiation should be furnished. The details of coal evacuation system for all three end users should also be presented in detail.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the proposal upon receipt of these details.

 

 

3.       Ganeshpur Opencast Coalmine Project (5.5 MTPA in 398 ha project area) of M/s Tata Steel Ltd., located in dist. Latehar, Jharkhand (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC meeting held in August 2010 wherein the Committee had desired that options available for creation of water body and for habitat restoration at the post mining stage of the OC mining should be presented.

 

The proponent made a presentation of three options and option-II involving creation of a water body of 77ha (revised from the originally planned water body of 102 ha) and thus increasing reclamation area from 66 ha to 91 ha by rehandling OB from the external OB dump was found to be the most feasible option. In addition, the Committee decided that a 200m wide corridor of native species would be left for free passage of wild fauna at any given time of the project. The Committee was informed that of a total 161 ha of block area, 139 ha would be vegetated as part of Habitat restoration Plan. It was informed that an Area Drainage Study would also be carried out as part of the EIA-EMP study. The coal transportation by conveyor-cum-rail system would also be included for coal evacuation for reducing fugitive dust emissions.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)           An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 5.5 MTPA rated capacity in an ML/project area of 398 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)          An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 5.5 MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 5.5 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 5.5 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)         A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)     Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)    Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)     Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxv)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv)  In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)   Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)           Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

4.        Mandakini ‘A’ Opencast Coalmine Block (7.5 MTPA over 650 ha) of M/s Mandakini Coal Company Ltd. located in village Luhamara, Tehsil Talcher district Angul, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 23.10.2008 and Modification of TOR dated 26.12.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal was originally for production of coal at an annual rated capacity of 7.5 MTPA, subsequently a modification was sought to increase the production to 15 MTPA. This has however been dropped and a Mining Plan has been approved for an annual rated capacity of 7.5 MTPA. The project proponents informed that a separate application would be made subsequently for increasing production to 15 MTPA based on a Revised Mining Plan.

 

It was informed that of the total ML area of 650.02 ha, 182.15 ha is forestland which consists of degraded forest of a density of 0.2-0.3. It is proposed to reclaim 575ha of land at the end of mine life of 35 years. It was clarified that no coal washery is proposed. The entire coal produced from the block is power grade and would be used by the three members of the JV for their respective linked TPPs.  Coal is to be extracted by surface miner and OB by shovel-dumper method. Coal evacuation to the 3 linked TPPs is by belt conveyor or ropeway or conveyor-cum-rail to TPPs at a distance of 5km, 15km and by conveyor-cum-rail to the 3rd TPP for a distance of 140km at Cuttack. A private railway siding is proposed to be established at a  distance of 4-5km from the mine site. The project involves diversion of Barkuhi nala which would be realigned to join the Tikra nala at the ML boundary. Diversion would be carried out in consultation with the Flood and Irrigation Dept. It was clarified that there are no villages/habitation falling in the area from which the nala is being diverted. There are no villages within 300m of block boundary. The Committee was informed that a 6m wide green belt would be developed along the ML boundary. It was informed that mining would intersect the confined aquifer; mine water would be provided to the villagers in the adjoining area. The mine would require 1225 m3/d of water. There are two water bodies of 3 ha and 1.5 ha which would be destroyed during mining, it was clarified that no habitation is found around the water bodies. It was informed that an external OB dump of 90m height is proposed to be created for storing OB upto 5th year of mining operations and thereafter during the 6th and 7th year, soil would be externally stored and from the 8th to the 21st year of operation, there would be concurrent backfilling. After 21st year, OB from the external OB dump would be rehandled and at the end of mine life, there would be no external OB dump. The proponent informed that as per the Biodiversity Study got conducted by Institute of Advanced Technology and Env. Studies, Bhubaneshwar, no Schedule-I fauna has been reported in the study area and the area is also not a part of the elephant migratory corridor.

 

The Committee desired that the Plan for Diversion of the nala along with copy of application made to the Flood & Irrigation Dept should be furnished. The Committee desired that the long-term impacts of mining on ground water regime should be studied over life of the project. The Committee desired that the greenbelt should be developed into a 30-40m thick plantation within 4-5 years. The Committee desired that as the mine develops and the mined out area is backfilled, water bodies of suitable dimensions similar to those found during pre-mining period should be created. The Committee desired that the details of one-season data of IMD be furnished. The Committee observed that it appears unrealistic that no Schedule-I fauna is found in the study area as the ML itself has forestland and the EIA-EMP Report states that the study area supports 10,000 ha of forest and desired that a clarification on this may be obtained from the CWLW, Govt. of Orissa and specifically whether the area is used as a habitat by elephant or whether elephants visit the area or have been sporadically spotted in the study area during the past 5 years. The Committee also desired that a letter of State Government on the forest density be furnished. The Committee noted that the project involves R&R of 526 PAFs and a detailed project specific R&R Plan should be provided. In addition, a project specific CSR Plan should also be prepared and furnished. The proponent could examine if the extent of area of R&R colony house could be increased from 450/sq. ft to 550/sq.ft. The R&R Plan should also include a fund support for the vulnerable sections (173 persons) @ Rs 2500 to 3000/per person. The Committee desired that the revenue expenditure for CSR should be for Rs 5/tonne of coal and village-wise details thereof prepared for the first 5 years should be prepared for life of the project and furnished as part of CSR Plan. The Committee noted that the issues raised during Public Hearing are mainly related to drinking water and sanitation, establishment of a health centre, school.

 

The Committee after discussion decided to further consider the project after receipt of the aforesaid details.

                   

 

5.        Coal Beneficiation Plant (1.2 MTPA) of M/s Vimla Infrastructure (India) Pvt.Ltd., Village Bhupdeopur, P.O. Bhupdeopur, Tehsil Kharsia, Dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh. (1.368 ha)  (TOR)

 

The proponent informed the EAC that the proposal is for expansion from 0.9 MTPA to 1.2 MTPA. Earlier the unit was operating with a crushing and screening unit for which the Unit was granted a CTE in August 2009, however, for the expansion the company wants to put up a rotary breaker also and hence requires an EC.

 

The Committee stated that as per the EIA Notification 2006, Coal Washery (dry/wet process) requires prior EC for establishment and no developmental activity such as crushing and screening units can be established. The Committee desired to know if prior EC has been obtained from the State IAA and if not, the action taken by the State Government for the violation.

 

The Committee after discussion decided to not consider the application unless a detailed Report of the State Government is provided.

 

 

6.        Gauri Deep OCP (0.40 MTPA in an ML area of 356.11ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 11.12.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new OCP of 356.11 ha. No forestland is involved. It was informed that at the end of mine life the quarry area of 33.72 ha would be reclaimed and a void of 58.73 ha would left at the post mining stage. The project has 297 land losers all of whom would be provided employment. On the issue of high SPM and RPM levels, it was clarified that there are mines in three clusters within the 10km study area, of which some are in the upwind direction. The project does not involve diversion of nala or construction of embankment or nay reported Sc.-I fauna.

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project for EC subject to submission of project specific CSR for record.

 

 

7.        Mugoli Opencast Expn. Coalmine (2.50 MTPA to 4 MTPA in an ML area of 818.05 ha) of M/s WCL, dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (EC u/s 7.2)

 

The Committee decided that the application would require conduct of P.H. under Clause 7.2 of the EIA Notification 2006 and the proposal considered thereafter after furnishing details thereof.

 

 

8.        Kamptee Deep OC Coal Mine Project (1.50 MTPA (normative) and 2 MTPA

(Peak) in 661.65 ha ML area) of M/s WCL, Dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for converting the Kamptee UG mine operated upto a depth of 300m as OCP and extending the ML area by further deepening the mine along the extension side. It was informed that the first void of Kamptee OCP is being filled upto ground level and would be merged with the external OB dump. Life of the project is 17 years. The proponent, in response to an observation made by representative, Maharashtra SPCB clarified that the OB from the OCP is being dumped in Gondegaon OCP as per approved Plan and EC obtained. In the 2nd phase to be taken up in future, it is proposed to amalgamate three mines – Inder OCP, Kamptee OCP and Gondegaon OCP which has also been reflected in their respective EIA-EMP Reports submitted to the Ministry. Coal is being transported to railway siding at a distance of 11km.

 

The Committee was informed that inspection by Mah. SPCB revealed high levels of AAQ parameters such as SPM, RPM, no tarring of road, ETP not in operation and in adequate quantity of sprinklers. The proponent clarified that ETP was not in operation at the time of inspection and remedial measures have been taken.   

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project for TOR and desired use of mechanically covered trucks for coal transportation, development of thick green belt along the coal transportation roads, black topping of the approach roads and main coal transportation road, and furnishing a plan for integrated OB management to minimise requirement of additional land.

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1.50 MTPA (normative) and 2 MTPA (Peak) in 661.65 ha ML area based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1.50 MTPA (normative) and 2 MTPA (Peak) rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 1.50 MTPA (normative) and 2 MTPA (Peak) of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 1.50 MTPA (normative) and 2 MTPA (Peak). Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(iv)         Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvii)     Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model. Use of mechanically covered trucks for coal transportation, development of thick green belt along the coal transportation roads, black topping of the approach roads and main coal transportation road, and furnishing a plan for integrated OB management to minimise requirement of additional land.

(xxvi)    The Committee desired the use of mechanically covered trucks for coal transportation, development of thick green belt along the coal transportation roads, black topping of the approach roads and main coal transportation road. Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxvii)   A plan for integrated OB management to minimise requirement of additional land. Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxviii)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxv)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvii)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(iv)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(v)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(vi)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

9.       Gokul OCP (1 MTPA in 767.17 ha) of M/s WCL located in dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 17.12.2007)

 

The aforesaid proposal was considered in the meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 30th -31st August 2010. The proponent made a presentation and a point-wise clarifications on the objections raised in the P.H. held on 11.11.2008 were presented. It was reiterated that the venue details were given wide publicity for the villagers to attend the P.H.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC.

 

 

10.      Govindpur Phase-II OCP (1.50 MTPA (peak) in an ML area of 274.95 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 31.12.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine of 274.95 ha. Forestry clearance has been obtained for forestland. It was informed that the RL of the mine is higher than the HFL of the River Konar and hence no embankment is required. The mine is situated about 60-70m away from River Konar. It was clarified that the Mine Plan prepared for the project would be approved by DGMS before staring mining operations. It was informed that the decoaled void would be reclaimed to ground level except for an area of 23 ha of a depth of 140m which is reduced from the ultimate depth of 180m which would be reached at end of mine life of about 20 years. It was clarified that confined aquifer would be intersected. It was noted that there are no villages in the core zone and except land losers, R&R does not involve homestead losers. It was informed that the Company proposes to spend 0.4% of the project cost for one-time expenditure on capital cost for CSR.

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

11.      Argada Sirka Group of Mines of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd. located in district Ramgarh, JharkhandFurther consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 11.12.2008

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 28th –29th January 2010. The Committee desired that the issues waste management and dump plan, Mine Closure and mine reclamation of old abandoned mines be integrated in the project Report. The Committee had sought details of the existing status of the project – location, status of dumps, proximity to River, etc have not been presented. The Committee desired that Conceptual post-mining land use details should be furnished in MOEF tables especially for Argada OCP, which is to close in 2011-12. The Committee observed that Sirka OCP is adjoining River Damodar and has been operating for many decades much before environmental regulations came into effect and as result, OB has been dumped very near to the River. The Committee desired that details of HFL of River Damodar and distance from the quarry and external OB dump should be furnished. The Committee sought clarification regarding mining in the mineralised area left out between Sirka OC and Sirka UG. The Committee desired that an amount of Rs 5/tonne of coal would be spent on CSR for the adjoining villages.

 

The proponent made a presentation on the aforesaid issues. With reference to project approval, it was informed that since no additional financial burden has been anticipated and the project is for continuation production at exiting levels and is expected to close in 2011-12, no separate project has been prepared and got approved. It was informed that CSR for the Area consisting of a number of mines is formulated.

 

The Committee desired that mine reclamation of old abandoned mines should be carried out in integrated manner with operating mines. The Committee desired that Mine Closure Plan should be implemented.

 

 

12.     Chhatrasal Opencast Coalmine Project (5 MTPA in 1000 ha) of M/s Sasan Power Ltd. located in Singrauli Coalfields, district Singrauli, M.P. (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 28.10.2008).

 

The proposal was considered in EAC (T&C) meetings held on 24th –25th November 2009 and on 28th -29th April 2010. The EAC had sought clarification on whether elephants are found in the study area and for preparation of a WL Conservation Plan for Sch.-I fauna reported/using the area as a habitat. The Committee had also sought a Plan for the tribal population found in the project area and that the issues raised during Public hearing be presented in tabular form along with commitments made.

                               

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that a WL Conservation Plan was got prepared by Shri M.K. Sharma, ex-DG, MOEF whereby presence of elephants in the study area was confirmed. However, it was clarified that the elephants use the area more as a passage occasionally and return to their habitat located outside the study area. The main reason attributed was the increasing destruction of their normal habitat and the elephants venturing to nearby areas for foraging and returning to their normal habitat after the rainy season. It was clarified that the area does not form a part of the elephant migratory corridor. The WL Con. Plan involves development of more plantation, eco developmental activity such as creation of water bodies such as ponds and habitat improvement of their natural habitat. In addition, the areas around quarry, colony, etc would be fenced to avoid elephant intrusion and falling into mine pits. The PP also presented the measures for improvement of Tribal population within the block and stated that a one-time expenditure of Rs 4 crores has been earmarked for schemes to address the livelihood issues of tribal communities in the area.

 

The Committee noted that there are settlements on either side of the block and therefore it is imperative for the proponent to create a safe passageway for the elephants to move through the forest which forms their habitat-to mine and-back to forest and avoiding a man-animal conflict with the adjoining villages. The Committee noted that the State Govt. is implementing a Regional Conservation Plan which would address the issues of habitat improvement so that the frequency of elephants moving from their habitats is reduced considerably. The Committee desired that the project specific WL Con. Plan be dovetailed with the RAP. The Committee desired that the proponent be involved in the implementation of a RAP through a Committee whereby the project proponents of operating coal blocks participate in its implementation so that there is greater involvement of the implementation of activities thereunder and accountability of the funds being spent on the RAP and Project specific WL Plan. The Committee suggested involving an NGO such as the WWF Local Chapter to monitor the implementation of the WL Plan, the cost of which would be borne by the PP. In regard to tribal livelihood issues and measures presented by the PP, the Committee desired that in case schemes for development of Tendu and Mahua plantaion are not found to be feasible, the PP must implement alternate livelihood schemes, the details of which have been presented. The Committee desired that the Head of the CSR Cell must specifically be involved in issues of Tribal Welfare. In addition, local persons must also be given employment – skilled wherever possible and unskilled and training imparted to absorb them in various direct and indirect jobs relating to the project.

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project for EC subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

13.      Cluster V Mines of M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd., Dist. Purulia, West Bengal (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the mines of Rainganj Calfields have been grouped into 13 clusters. Parbelia and Dubeshwari are both underground mines and have been grouped into Cluster V. River Damodar flanks the northern boundary of the cluster. Both mines are situated in the south–western part of Raniganj Coalfields in the Purulia district of West Bengal& are having lease boundaries adjacent to each other. It was informed that there are no unstable site and no R&R issues and hence there is no requirement in this case for integration with Ranigaj Action Plan. The production is being enhanced from 0.08 MTPA to 0.370 MTPA by reducing manpower and deploying machinery. Of the total combined ML area of 2970 ha, 320 ha is infrastructure, 117 ha are tanks, 1550 ha is agriculture, 814 ha is Danga land, 120 ha is village /basti and 49 ha is roads.

 

S.N

Name of mine

status

 

Lease area(ha)

Normative production

(MTY)

Peak production Capacity

1.

Parbelia UG

working mine

2730

0.150

0.190

2.

Dubeswari UG

working mine

240

0.135

0.180

Total

2970.00

0.285

0.370

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

 

(i)      An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 2 mines in Cluster V as above- status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries if any, found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, details of an Action Plan for project specific R&R and CSR shall also be formulated and presented in the EIA-EMP. The aforesaid Integrated Environmental Management Plan shall be dovetailed with the Jharia Action Plan and details of its implementation with specific time-lines should be provided.

(ii)     The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region shows discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Jharia Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)    Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)   Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster.

(xxv)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii) Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Jharia Action Plan for Cluster III Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Jharia Action Plan.

(xxviii) Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)   Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii) Details of R&R in Jharia Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

The Committee also sought a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR.

(xxxiii) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxiv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvi) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft Integrated EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

 

 

14.     Sitanala UG Coking Coal Mine of M/s SAIL of dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 15.04.2009)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is to start UG mining on an old existing UG mine of coking coal privately worked out by UG method, wherein the top seams have been already worked at and abandoned thereafter and which was taken over by M/s SAIL. The mine is adjacent to River Damodar, which forms its northern boundary. It is proposed to work below River Damodar by Longwall Technology. The proposal was considered by the EAC in its meeting held on 26-27th September 2007 wherein the Committee was informed that the mine is adjacent to the Chasnala UG mine wherein about 350 persons had died during the seventies due to mine inundation. The PP had stated that it is proposed to leave a barrier of 120m for safety. Since the details of old working of the mine were not available with the proponent, and since no proper survey has been carried out in the present mine area, and details of old mine workings (which are water logged) are also not available, the Committee had recommended preparation and approval of a Mining Plan for the project before its is taken up for prescribing TOR. The Committee had also desired that the specific views/comments of the Director General Mines Safety on the Plan be obtained before the Committee could specify its Terms of Reference, however, it was informed that DGMS gives permission only just before and with the start of mine operations. The Committee desired that the PP obtain a Mining Plan and views of DGMS before further consideration of the matter. The approval of Mining Plan was obtained from the Ministry of Coal on 19.01.2009.  Maximum working depth would be 500m. As per the mining Plan, mine working would be 143m whereas the HFL of River Damodar would be 136 mRL (i.e. the mine working would be 7m higher).  It was stated that the strata are such that there is no sub-soil seepage from River Damodar. Water from old workings would be let into river Damodar after settling in sedimentation tanks. The seam inclination is 25-45o and sand stowing would be undertaken and hence no subsidence is anticipated. Mineral transportation is by road to Chasnala Washery at a distance of 6km. No R&R or forestland is involved.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the grade of coal is prime coking coal (steel Grade I) and the extent of extraction by UG method would be about 25%. The major issues of mining this project is with respect to – old mine workings, gassiness, dewatering and the consequent safety issues, steepness of the coal seams. It was informed that the permission of the DGMS would be obtained for starting the mine operation. Of the 35.92 ha of area to be acquired for surface rights, 3.66 ha is tenancy land and the remaining 32.26 ha is BCCL land. It was informed that the mine will achieve 1000 TPD of production after the 9th year. It was informed that 4 trucks/hour would be used for coal transportation. It was explained that it is difficult to put up an overhead conveyor or ropeway as the coal is to be transported over River Damodar. Life of the mine is 30 years.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC subject to the following conditions:

 

(i)       A minimum distance of 500m should be maintained from River Damodar.

(ii)      The PP shall undertake a detailed Risk Assessment and HAZAN on the potential risk of accidents from the various stages and steps of the mine operations.

(iii)     A detailed Disaster Management Plan shall be prepared on the potential disasters such as mine flooding, explosions from gassiness, mine subsidence, etc.

(iv)     Hydraulic sand stowing shall be undertaken and subsidence monitored and compared to prediction Modelling and suitable remedial measures taken to prevent and check further subsidence. Mine seepage shall be regularly monitored for possible mine inundation.

(v)      The Disaster Management Plan shall be tested (mock drills) from time to time to check emergency preparedness in case of disaster.

(vi)     Continuous monitoring of the levels of methane shall be recorded and appropriate ventilation system shall be put in place to keep the levels of methane within limits.

(vii)    High capacity pumps shall be deployed for dewatering of mines and also in stand-by which are tested regularly.

(viii)    All proposed mine entries shall be 3m above HFL.

(ix)     Water provided to villages shall be within prescribed limits.

(x)      Water quality shall be tested for levels of fluoride and TDS and treated to prescribed standards before use for domestic consumption.

(xi)     A provision of Rs 5/tonen of coal shall be earmarked for CSR activities to be undertaken for the adjoining villages. Village-wise details of activities along with budgetary expenditure thereon shall be updated regularly (at least once a year) on the company website.

(xii)     Green belt development and plantation along the road for coal transportation shall be using native species. (Prosopis juliflora shall not be used)

 

               

15.      Presentation by BCCL on Environmental problems of Jharia Coalfields- Historical perspective, Court Cases, Studies including WB Study and their Recommendation and Cluster Approach adopted for env. management of the BCCL mines.

 

A detailed presentation was made by Dr.K.S.Raju, Chief General Manager, M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. It was informed that Jharia coalfields is India’s only store house of prime coking coal. The total estimated coal reserves is 19.43 BT of coal found in 40 coal horizons with 18 standard coal seams upto 30 m in thickness. BCCL’s coal supports steel industry, power sector, and non-core sector like cement, fertllizers, refractories, rolling mills, chemical, glass, potteries, paper, briquettes, etc.

 

The historical perspectives, the various court cases and studies including a major WB aided study and their recommendations were presented. The background of adopting cluster approach using environmental rationale was explained. It was explained that a cluster consists of group of mines  with mine lease boundaries lying in close vicinity and includes operating mine, abandoned/closed mines, proposed projects, washeries with a view to take up ecological reclamation and restoration of the whole cluster as environmentally and socially benign for post-mining lad use. It was informed that on the basis of the aforesaid rationale, 103 existing mines were grouped into 17 clusters as given below:

 

CLUSTER-WISE LIST OF MINES (OPENCAST &UNDER GROUND) IN BCCL

Cluster

Opencast

Underground

OC+UG

Abandoned

Proposed

Total

Cluster 1

1

1

-

1(OC)

1(OC)

4

Cluster 2

4

-

-

1(OC)

1(UG)

6

Cluster 3

-

3

2

2

-

7

Cluster 4

-

2

2

1

-

5

Cluster 5

2

1

3

1

 

7

Cluster 6

-

4

-

1

 

5

Cluster 7

3

4

1

4

 

12

Cluster 8

1

1

3

2

 

7

Cluster 9

2

3

2

1

 

8

Cluster 10

1

3

2

1

 

7

Cluster 11

-

4

1

3

1(UG)

9

Cluster 12

-

-

-

-

1(UG)

1

Cluster 13

-

1

-

6

-

7

Cluster 14

-

1

-

-

 

1

Cluster 15

-

3

-

1

-

4

Cluster 16

1

1

-

4

-

6

Cluster 17

1

1

-

5

-

7

Total

16

33

16

34

4

103

 

It was explained that issues such as Major drainage systems, geological continuity and coal conservation, air quality, ecological restoration and reclamation strategies of closed and abandoned mines, socio-economic environment, fire and subsidence issues and mitigative measures would be holistically considered for the mines grouped in clusters. The cluster approach is expected to result in better land and water management with improvement in the ecology and with improvement in air quality of the coalfields as a whole. The total area affected by fires is 17.32 sq.km and the coal reserves locked in the areas is 864 MT. An estimated 37 MT have been already destroyed by fires. Of the 77 fires reported in the Jharia coalfields, 10 have been brought under control. In order to address the areas affected by fire and subsidence, it was informed that GOI has formulated the Jharia Action Plan for a total budget of Rs 7112.11 crores. The Plan is to be implanted over 12 years. It was informed that the Ministry of Coal is the focal point in the Central Govt. and the Plan is to be implemented by an Agency created at the District level. The Plan was approved on 12.09.2009 by GOI.

                    

                    

16.      Cluster VIII Group of 10 Mines of M/s BCCL, located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proposal is for preparing obtaining EC at the time of renewal of lease of 10 mines which are being grouped in a cluster with a combined lease area of 1299.41 ha with a normative production of 4.31 MTPA and a peak production of 5.603 MTPA. The details of the mines in Cluster VIII are given below:

 

MINES IN CLUSTER VIII

S.no

Name of Mine

Production capacity(MTY)

LEASE HOLD AREA(HA)

NORMATIVE

PEAK

1

Bastacolla OCP

0.10

0.130

239.45

2

Bastacolla UG                  

0.33

0.429

3

Bera OCP

0.15

0.195

209.56

4.

Bera UG

0.19

0.247

5

Dobari Coliery(UG)

0.24

0.312

146.90

6.

Kuyu OCP

0.60

0.780

340.50

7.

Kuyu UG

0.10

0.130

8.

Goluckdih (NC) OCP (Proposed) Propsed OCP will commence aftyer the closure of existing Kuya OCP)

1.2

1.560

9.

Ghanoodih Colliery(OCP)

1.40

1.820

73.00

10.

Kujama Colliery(OCP)

0.60

0.780

191.00

 

Total

4.31

5.603

1200.41

 

The cluster includes all operating mines. The conceptual post-mining land use details for the combined cluster were presented and are given below:

 

 

S.No

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Land Use(In Ha)

Post- Mining Land Use(In Ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

Backfilled

5.1

0

Not Backfilled

69.35

0

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

Backfilled

25.14

0

Not Backfilled

42.65

0

3.

External OB dump

48.55

0

4.

Service building/mne infrastructure

7.9

0

5.

Coal dump

7.75

0

6.

Homestead land

118.9

118.9

7.

Agriculture land

24.71

24.71

8.

Forest land

250.57

250.57

9.

Plantation/reclamation

76.6

665.05

10

Water body

15.04

92.39

11.

Barren land

460.96

0

12.

Road & railways, 

38.92

38.92

13

Mine pit/fan house/haulage

6.3

0

14

others

1.97

1.97

 

Total

1200.41

1200.41

 

 

The Commitete noted that the existing quarries would be backfileld and there would eb no external OB dump, abandoned quarry left at the end of mining. An extent of 665.05 ha would be devloped into planattaion. The Commitete observed that at the post minign stage a void of 92.39 ha with 120m depth would be left. The Committee details of the same may be provided in EIA-EMP. The Committee desired that a mechanism be evolved by MOEF to monitor the utilisation of funds for compensatory afforestation and PP could also be involved in this. PP could also seek a UC from the Forest Dept. and also release funds at the beginning of the FY to enable selection of the right species for plantation. The PP could also undertake regular site visits where compensatory afforestation is being carried out.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

 

(i)      An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 10 mines in Cluster VIII as above- status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, details of an Action Plan for project specific R&R and CSR shall also be formulated and presented in the EIA-EMP. The aforesaid Integrated Environmental Management Plan shall be dovetailed with the Jharia Action Plan and details of its implementation with specific time-lines should be provided.

(ii)     The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region (Dhanbad), which is presently critically polluted, and show by implementation of the Env. Action Plan the discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Jharia Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)    Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)   Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster.

(xxv)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii) Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Jharia Action Plan for Cluster III Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Jharia Action Plan.

(xxviii) Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)   Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii) Details of R&R in Jharia Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

The Committee also sought a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR.

(xxxiii) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxiv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvi) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft Integrated EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

 

 

17.     Kalyani and Shivani UG Projects (from 0.39 MTPA to 0.58 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.78 MTPA and expn. in ML area from 483.17 ha to 937.10 ha of M/s South-Eastern Coalfields Ltd. (SECL), dist. Sarguja, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR granted on 20.03.2009)

 

The proposal is for expansion in production and ML area of two existing underground mines as per details below:

(i)       Kalyani UGP (0.12 MTPA to 0.18 MTPA and expansion of area from 100 ha to 376.59 ha)

(ii) Shivani UGP (0.27 MTPA to 0.60 MTPA (peak) and expansion from 389.67 ha to 560.51 ha

 

S.no

 Land detail

Kalyani UGP

Shivani UGP

1.

Agriculture land

232.86 ha

119.38 ha

2.

Forest land

117.27 ha

433.74ha

3.

Waste land

2.21 ha

0.11 ha

4.

grazing land

24.19 ha

4.63 ha

5.

surface body

0.06 ha

2.65 ha

 

Total

376 ha

560.51

 

The two mines are adjoining one another and the combined production is from 0.39 MTPA to 0.58 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.78 MTPA and expn. in ML area from 483.17 ha to 937.10 ha. The two mines are adjacent to River Mahan. Coal despatch from both mines would be by road to CHP in Bhadgaon area at a distance of 5 km and from by rail to miscellaneous users.  Life of the Kalyani project is 18 years. It was informed that at the TOR stage, the EAC had decided that the EIA-EMP for the two mines should be prepared as a combined project on a cluster approach. The Committee had also noted that despite being UG mines, the levels of SPM found in the Mines Office was very high (577 ug/m3) and had desired that mitigative measures such as mist type sprinkling along roads, transfer points, avenue plantation (3-tier plantation along roads and in CHP), should be introduced. The Committee also desired that the facilities for primary health care, education, drinking water facilities hygiene, sanitation activity could be included as part of CSR.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

18.      Binkara UG Project (0.36 MTPA and 0.54 MTPA (peak) in an ML area of 374.133 ha of M/s SECL, dist. Sarguja, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR granted on 14.09.2009)

 

The proposal is for opening a new underground coalmine project of 0.36 MTPA (with a peak production of 0.54 MTPA) in an ML area of 374.133 ha. The mine is at a distance of about 40km from Kalyani-Shivani UG mines. Of the total ML area of 374.133 ha, 47.642 ha is forestland, 47.709 ha is Govt. land and 110 ha is agricultural land. Of the total ML area, an area of 16.398 ha is under surface rights for infrastructure, magazine, power, etc. Life of the mine is 24 years. Method of mining would be Board & Pillar using LHD. Ultimate working depth is 95.20m. Coal is grade B and C. Total water requirement for the mine is 640 m3/d. No R&R is involved. Water table is in the range of 6.51-10.40m (pre-monsoon) and 1.60-8.75m (post-monsoon). The annual budget for CSR is Rs 16.2o lakhs. Separate funds of Rs 50 lakhs have been earmarked for welfare measures.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC subject to usual safeguards.

 

 

19.      Sharda Opencast Expansion project (0.5 to 0.85 MTPA and ML area of 242.847 ha to 871.205 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in Tehsil Sohagpur, Dist. Shahdol, M.P. (Further consideration of EC based on Report of the Sub-Committee on the Site Visit.

 

The proposal was further considered on the Report of the Site visit by the Sub-committee undertaken on 21.10.2010. The Report of the sub-committee given at Anenxure-3 was read out. It was noted that the broad gist of the issues raised by the villagers include the following:

 

i.        Adequate water is not available in the villages for drinking. The water quality of the water is also not very suitable for drinking. Permanent water supply arrangements should be made.

 

ii.       Road infrastructure- such as black topped roads for connecting the villages is not adequate.

 

iii.       The area is suffering from problems of power shortage.

 

iv.      Mine reclamation and plantation in and around the mine need to be improved.

 

v.       Impacts of blasting have led to cracks in the structures of many houses- both pucca and kutccha. More than 50 houses near the blasting areas have been badly affected.

 

vi.      R&R including compensation to land oustees on land acquisition carried out by SECL for Sharda OCP has not been completed till date as per norms.

 

vii.      Streetlights are required on roads connecting the villages to NH-78.

 

viii.     The Shiv Mandir Nirman Samiti Committee, Bakho handed a written request that area around the Shiv Mandir in Bakho be marbled/tiled for Parikrama and the temple be provided with doors and other necessities.

 

ix.      Requirement of a health Centre and cases requiring specialist should be referred to Central Hospital.

 

x.       Problems of compensation on land acquisition. The homestead losers (about 20) of Sharda OCP were resettled in the area of OPM Incline Project. The colony has no facilities of road, water, power, primary school, health centre, etc.

 

The villagers stated that although they welcome the mining project of M/s SECL, requested the Sub-Committee that permanent solutions be found to the problems stated above.

 

In addition, Shri M.M. Das, Sr. Manager (Admn.), OPM and representative of Orient Paper Mills (OPM), Amlai had stated in the Public Meeting that the impacts of blasting on the structure of the machinery and Chlorine Tanks within the OPM premises could lead to serious problems of safety of chlorine tanks. HJI, another industrial unit also in the vicinity of the mine is also involved in chlorine production. Shri Das stated that the problems of blasting can be felt even beyond the statutory limits of 300m (set up by DGMS) to distance upto 1 km and suggested that blasting should be permitted only beyond a distance of 1 km from the Chlorine tanks and the area within should be made zero vibrations.

            

The sub-committee noted the following:

·         ADM, Shahdol informed that a number of rainwater harvesting measures have been taken up in the area under the Micro Watershed Programme of the State Irrigation Dept. for recharge of groundwater in the area.

 

·         ADM, Shahdol further informed that the quality of ground water in Sharda OCP is similar to that found in other areas of district Shahdol.

 

·         Water levels presently (post-monsoon) in few of the dug wells near the meeting venue were inspected by Shri Subba Rao, Hydrogeologist, CMPDI and were found to be quite high.

 

·          Blasting is being carried out as per DGMS regulations keeping in view the limits stipulated for both Kutccha and pucca houses and minimum safe distance and intensity of blasts. Controlled blasting has been implemented in areas near habitations.

 

·         Sharda OCP Mines Manager informed that steps for repairing the cracks developed in houses of villages located near Sharda OCP were taken up as given below:

2007-08             :         12

2008-09             :         11

2009-10             :         09

 

·         Director (Tech.) informed that except for a limited blasting for creation of trench for the High Wall Mining, blasting would be eliminated in the project with the introduction of Highwall Mining technology.

 

IMPACTS OF BLASTING ON CHLORINE STROAGE TANKS OF ORIENT PAPER MILLS

·         In regard to impacts of blasting on Orient Paper Mills, it was noted that subsequent to the Public Hearing held on 30.08.2010, an enquiry was made by the DGMS, Jabalpur on the impacts of blasting on the OPM and their detailed report dated 19.01.2010 was also submitted to DC, Annupur within the jurisdiction of which OPM falls which indicated that there were no significant impacts of blasting on the Cholrine tanks of OPM.

 

·         The Sub-Committee also noted that based on the technical specifications and stipulations of the Director General Mines Safety on impacts of blasting, a Judicial Order dated 04.03.2010 had been passed by DM, Annupur that no blasting shall be carried out within 300m of OPM Amlai. It was further ordered that controlled blasting beyond this area shall be carried out only in the presence of the representatives of Sharda OCP, OPM and HJI and the intensity of the blasting shall be within the limits stipulated in the Judicial Order.

 

·         Shri M.M. Das confirmed to the Sub-committee during the public meeting that blasting is being carried out in compliance of this Judicial Order dated 04.03.2010, in the presence of representatives of Sharda OCP and OPM and records thereof signed by both the parties (Sharda OCP and OPM) are being maintained, which indicate that the intensity of the blasting is within the limits stipulated in the Judicial Order.

 

After considering the views of the participants of the Public Meeting and after discussion with SECL, the sub-committee had made the following recommendations:

 

i.        All the houses within 500m of the blasting where cracks have developed would be repaired appropriately according to the extent of damage.

 

ii.       Director, SECL had informed that water tanks would be erected in certain areas in the villages and water suitable for drinking purpose could be taken by the villages from the tanks for their domestic use. The matter of distribution of the water within the villages would be taken up with the district admn.

 

iii.      Approach roads, connectivity, rural electrification in the areas required in the adjoining villages would be undertaken under CSR and also taken up with the District Admn.

 

iv.      In case of electrification of rehabilitated colony, SECL has been requested to start the works immediately.

 

iv.      Mine reclamation, avenue plantation, green belt in vacant areas in and around Sharda OCP would be expeditiously taken up.

 

v.      Better housekeeping of the Mines Office of Sharda OCP would be taken up immediately. This includes black topping of approach road, regular sweeping of the roads, development of green belt along the periphery of the office premises and plantation in vacant areas, flower pots in and around the office, regular whitewashing and painting of the office, wash rooms for the employees, etc.

        

vi.      Vibrometers (minimum 3) to monitor the intensity of the blasts would be installed in areas of habitation (both Kutchha and pucca) of adjoining villages.

 

vii.     Establishment of a health Centre and cases requiring specialist to be referred to Central Hospital.

 

viii.     Schemes and training for alternate livelihood of adivasis and BPL families whose land was taken by SECL not provided direct employment.

 

ix.      It was decided that Community Development (CD) Committee already constituted consisting of representatives of the Sharda OCP, villages and district administration would monitor a time-bound Action for implementation of the aforesaid issues. The status of implementation/action taken on the various issues raised would be submitted by SECL to MOEF regularly as part of their Monitoring Report.

 

The EAC was informed that on the matter of impacts of blasting on OPM Machinery and Chlorine storage tanks:

 

·         The Sub-Committee after considering the views of the representative of OPM and the discussions with the ADM, Shahdol and with representative, DGMS recommended that the procedure laid down in the DM Order dated 04.03.2010 should be continued and the Order of the DM be complied with. Both parties must sign the reports of the blasting being carried out and a copy of the records should be maintained by both parties- management of Sharda OCP and OPM.

 

·         The Sub-committee, keeping in view the hazardous nature of chlorine and risks of its storage in tanks within the premises of OPM and HJI also recommended that the matter of safety of the Chlorine tanks needs to be checked and strictly monitored for compliance of safety regulations under the Environmental Protection Act 1986 for Storage, Handling and Disposal of Hazardous Chemicals and safety aspects under the Factories Act. It was further decided that the measures taken by OPM in this regard for the safe storage of Chlorine in the tanks vis-à-vis the safety regulations should be taken up with the Department of Environment of the Govt. of M.P., Government, MP State Pollution Control Board and the District Administration.

 

The Committee after discussions and accepting the report of the sub-committee, recommended the project for EC subject to the aforesaid conditions and recommendations. The Committee also recommended that on the issue of safety of operation of chlorine tanks of OPM and HIJ and release of toxic effluents from OPM, the Ministry may like to refer the matter to the State Government and to the District Administration for compliances of safety measures undertaken by M/s Orient Paper Mills and HIJ for storage of chlorine under the Hazardous Rules and safety regulations.

 

 

20.      Jampali Opencast Coalmine Project of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR granted on 23.10.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine project at 2 MTPA normative production and 3 MTPA (peak) of a total ML area of 658.10 ha of which 245.803 ha is agricultural land, 343.56 ha is forestland, 46.96 ha is grazing land and 7.409 ha is surface water bodies and 14.368 ha consists of settlements, roads, etc. There are 4 RF in the core zone. The density of the forest is in the range of 0.4-0.5. The drainage is controlled by River Kurket and its tributary flowing in the eastern side of the core zone which ultimately discharges into River Mand. It was clarified that due to geo-mining conditions, UG mining is not feasible. Of the total ML area, 398 ha is quarry area, 32.40 ha is OB dumps, 2 ha is for infrastructure, 2.60 ha is for roads, 22.50 ha is for township and R&R colony, 200.60 ha is for safety zone, etc. Mining is opencast by mechanised method. Total water requirement is 320 m3/d of which 75 m3/d is for domestic consumption. Of the total estimated OB generation over life of the project, 136.20 Mm is to be stored in ext. OB dump and 130 Mm3 of OB to be backfilled in 262 ha area. Life of the mine is 17 years. Total coal transportation is 9100 TPD. P.H. was held on 19.02.2010. R&R involves 190 land oustees, 114 PAFs (555 PAPs) from two villages – Jampalli and Singmouza.

 

The Committee observed that although the block was a fragmented bit of forest, it may act as a passage for movement of wild animals. The Committee desired that the PP could re-examine the extent of reserves in degraded forests, in JJ land and in dense forests and whether some of the reserves falling in good forests could be left undisturbed. The Committee desired that details of forest area (dense/open/JJ land) for the various mining operations should be presented in a matrix. The Committee desired that construction of approach roads, electrification of R&R colony, health centre, etc be included and details thereof furnished.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

Any Other Issue with the Permission of the Chair:

 

21.     Letter on Coal Washery of M/s Indo-Unique Flame Ltd.

 

Director, MOEF informed that a letter dated 21.09.2010 has been received from M/s Indo-Unique Flame ltd. on the TOR issued by MOEF dated 21.09.2010 wherein the PP has been asked to get a P.H. conducted on the project. The PP has submitted documents vide letter dated 08.12.2009 that since the area falls in MIDC Wani Industrial Area giving Allotment letter of MIDC dated 13.03.2003 and in view the TOR condition may be deleted.

 

The Committee agreed with the suggestion and decided that the TOR condition for conduct of P.H. be deleted.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

*  *     *


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPATION OF 8th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 26th -27th OCTOBER 2010 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

_________________________________________________________________

 

1.       Shri V.P. Raja                                                                   Chairman

 

2.       Prof. C.R.Babu                                 ……                                         Member

 

3.       Shri T.K. Dhar                                                                   Member

 

4.       Shri J.L. Mehta                                                                  Member

 

5.       Shri S.Seshadri                                        ..                           Member

 

6.       Prof. Roonwal                                                                   Member

 

7.       Dr. Shiv Attri                                                                     Member

 

8.       Dr. T. Chandini                                                           Scientist F MOEF

 

9.       Dr. Rubab Jaffer                                                    Scientist B, MOEF

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

Shri P.R. Mandal, Advisor, Ministry of Coal and Dr.R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS OF 8th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 26th -27th OCTOBER 2010 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

              

1.         M/s Sasan Power Ltd.

            1.         Sh.Vijay Katchroo, Sr.V.P.

            2.         Sh.Rajiv Saxena, V.P.

            3.         Shr. Anmol Bajang, Asst.V.P.

            4.         Sh.Rahul Singh,

            5.         Sh.I.N.rao, Asst. VP, RPL

            6.         Sh.Niranjan Das, GreenC

            7.         Ms.Nandini, GreenC

            8.         Sh.M.K.Sharma

 

2.         M/s Tata Sponge Iron Ltd.

            1.         Sh. Ratikanta Mohar, SSE (I)

            2.         Sh.Ujjwal Chatterjee

            3.         Sh.R.S.A.N.siddharth, SS

            4.         Sh. Rakesh Roshan

            5.         Shri S.K. Mishra, Consultant (WL)

            6.         Shri Ajay Sahay, M/s Tata Steel

 

3.         M/s Tata Steel Ltd.

            1.         Sh.J.P. Singh, ED, Coal, Adhumik Group

            2.         Shri V.K. Singh, Advisor

            3.         Sh. N.C.Verma, Asst. Advisor

            4.         Shri. Vinod P.Sinha, Advisor PM

            5.         Shr. Pankaj Sajja

 

4.         M/s Mandakini Coal Company Ltd.

            1.         Sh. D.P.Bagchi, Director, Jindal Thermal Power Ltd.

            2.         Shri U.W.Datey, Consultant

            3.         Shri S.N.Kandali, MCCL

            4.         Shri P.Girish, JITPL

            5.         Sh. Punit Gupta, Director, MCCL/JITPL

            6.         Sh. Aditya Verma, Tate Power

           

5.         M/s Vimla Infrastructure (India) Pvt.Ltd.

            1.         Sh. P. Ramamurty, GM, VIPL

            2.         Sh. S.Pandey, VIPL

            3.         Sh. Raghavachayulu, Bhagavathi Ana Labs.

            4.         Sh. Hari Prasad, Bhagavathi Ana Labs.

           

6.         North Eastern Coalfields of M/s Coal India Ltd.

            1.         Sh. T.K. Bose, CGM

            2.         Dr.D.Sircar, GM

            3.         Shri S.N.Chagnani, Chief Manager

            4.         Shri S.P. Chake, S.O. (c)

            5.         Shri A.K.Pati, Sr.M. (C), CMPDI

            6.         Sh.S.Bhattacharjee, SO

            7.         Sh.Prabhu Prasad, Sr.Manager

 

7          M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Sh.Om Prakash, Director (Tech.)

            2.         Sh. S.K.Jagnani

            3.         Sh.K.Chakrborty

            4.         Sh.P.A.Chougule

            5.         Sh.R.N.Jha

 

8.         M/s Central Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Sh.Sumit Ghosh, CGM (E&F)

            2.         Sh.B.K.Sharma, Chief Manager (Env.)

3.         Sh.Uma Shankar, GM, CMPDI

4.         Sh.A.K.Singh, CM, CMPDI

5.         Sh.Prabha Prasad, Sr.Manager, CMPDI

 

9.         M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Sh.N.Kumar, Dir. (Tech.)

            2.         Sh.Rakesh Pandit, GM (env.)

            3.         Sh. B.N.Bas, CMPDI

            4.         Sh.A.Shekhar, CMPDI

 

10.       M/s Steel Authority of India Ltd.

            1.         Sh.K.L.Srinivasa Rao. SAIL

            2.         Sh.Anil Gupta, GM, SAIL

            3.         Shri Ram Gopal. SAIL

            4.         Dr.B.K.tewary, Dy.Dir., CIMFR

            5.         Dr.Abhay Kumar Singh, CIMFR

            6.         Sh.U.Banerjee, Sr.Mgr.

 

11.       M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.

            1.         Shri D.C.Jha, Director (Tech.)

            2.         Sh.A.N.Bahadur, GM, CMPDI

            3.         Sh.V.K.Sinha, Reg. Diretcor, CMPDI

            4.         Sh.Amit Roy, Sr.Mgr., CMPDI

 

12.       M/s South-Eastern Coalfields Ltd. (SECL)

            1.         Shri Gopal Singh, Diretcor (Tch.)

            2.         Shri M.Bhattachrjee, GM (env.)

            3.         Sh.S.E.Shankar, Sr.Manager, Env., SECL

            4.         Sh.A.Sinha, Chief Manager.

            5.         Sh.S.Singh, Sr.Manager

            6          Sh.R.N.Biswas, CMPDI

            7.         Sh.H.Gaur, Sr.Manager

 

*          *          *         


ANNEXURE-3

 

SITE VISIT OF SUB-COMMITTEE OF EXPERT APPRISAL COMMITTEEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) TO SHARDA OCP OF M/s SOUTH EASTERN COALFIELDS LTD. (SECL) ON 21.10.2010

 

1.       Based on the decisions taken by the Expert Appraisal Committee (Thermal & Coal Mining) held on 27th -28th September 2010, a Site visit was undertaken on 21.10.2010 to Sharda OCP by the following members of the EAC:

 

i.          Shri J.L. Mehta, Expert (Mining) and Head of Sub-Committee

ii.         Dr. G.S. Roonwal, Expert (Geology)

iii.         Dr. R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India ltd.

 

The Committee was accompanied by Dr. T. Chandini, Director, MOEF, New Delhi. Shri Satish Kumar, representative of DGMS, Jabalpur and Shri Manoj Kumar Mandrai, Regional Officer, M.P. State Pollution Control Board also participated in the Site visit and in the Public Meeting convened with the villagers and with representatives of Industry adjoining the mine.

 

 

2.       The Site visit was undertaken in response to the large number of objections that had been received during the Pubic Hearing held on 30.08.2009 on the EC for the proposed expansion and change in technology to High Wall Mining for coal production at Sharda OCP.

 

 

3.       The broad Terms of Reference (TOR) of the Sub-Committee included the following:

 

a.       To ascertain the facts of impacts of blasting on surface structures of villages.

b.       Effects taken to mitigate the impacts of blasting vis-à-vis the DGMS stipulations dated 31.03.2006.

c.       Status after the passing of the Judicial Order dated 04.03.2010 of DM, Annupur in regard to blasting being carried out in Sharda OCP and its impacts.

d.       Any other issue raised on the Public Hearing.

 

 

4.       The Sub-Committee of the EAC was accompanied by a team led by Shri Gopal Singh, Director (Tech.), SECL and also included Shri M. Bhattacharya, GM (Env.), Shri S. C. Shankar, Sr. Manager (Env.), Shri Soumitra Singh, Sr. Manager (Env.) of SECL and representatives of CMPDIL, Bilaspur. Shri C.D. Singh, Mines Manager, Sharda OCP and other officials of SECL, Bilaspur, Sharda OCP and CMPDIL, Bilaspur were present during the meeting.

 

                 

5.       Shri Anoop Singh, Addl. District Magistrate, Shahdol attended the Public Meeting and also visited with the Sub-Committee some of the houses informed by the villagers to be impacted by blasting.

 

 

6.       SECL authorities furnished a copy of the Notice of the visit of the sub-committee was published in two local dailies – SAMAY, Shahdol edition dated 12.10.2010 and Akshrash, Annupur edition dated 15.10.2010 for wider dissemination of the proposed site visit and its objectives. In addition, SECL confirmed that notices were also pasted on the Notice Boards of the Panchayats of the villages of Bakho and Bakhi of the proposed site visit and its objectives.

 

7.       The Public Meeting was held on 22.10.2010 during 9 AM -11.30 AM and elicited a number of comments, views and suggestions of the local villagers in and around Sharda OCP. About 100 persons were present in the public meeting, of which 39 persons signed the attendance sheet. A video recording of the Public Meeting was also done and a CD provided to the Sub-Committee immediately after the meeting. The issues raised by all the persons are summarised at Annexure i. The broad gist of the issues raised by the villagers includes the following:

 

i.        Adequate water is not available in the villages for drinking. The water quality of the water is also not very suitable for drinking. Permanent water supply arrangements should be made.

 

ii.       Road infrastructure- such as black topped roads for connecting the villages is not adequate.

 

iii.       The area is suffering from problems of power shortage.

 

iv.      Mine reclamation and plantation in and around the mine need to be improved.

 

v.       Impacts of blasting have led to cracks in the structures of many houses- both pucca and kutccha. More than 50 houses near the blasting areas have been badly affected.

 

vi.      R&R including compensation to land oustees on land acquisition carried out by SECL for Sharda OCP has not been completed till date as per norms.

 

vii.      Streetlights are required on roads connecting the villages to NH-78.

 

viii.     The Shiv Mandir Nirman Samiti Committee, Bakho handed a written request that area around the Shiv Mandir in Bakho be marbled/tiled for Parikrama and the temple be provided with doors and other necessities.

 

ix.      Requirement of a health Centre and cases requiring specialist to be referred to Central Hospital

 

x.       Problems of compensation on land acquisition. The homestead losers (about 20) of Sharda OCP were resettled in the area of OPM Incline Project. The colony has no facilities of road, water, power, primary school, health centre, etc.

 

The villagers stated that although they welcome the mining project of M/s SECL, requested the Sub-Committee that permanent solutions be found to the problems stated above.

 

 

8.       In response, certain facts were presented which are given below:

 

·         ADM, Shahdol informed that a number of rainwater harvesting measures have been taken up in the area under the Micro Watershed Programme of the State Irrigation Dept. for recharge of groundwater in the area.

 

·         ADM, Shahdol further informed that the quality of ground water in Sharda OCP is similar to that found in other areas of district Shahdol.

 

·         Water levels presently (post-monsoon) in few of the dug wells near the meeting venue were inspected by Shri Subba Rao, Hydrogeologist, CMPDI and were found to be quite high.

 

·          Blasting is being carried out as per DGMS regulations keeping in view the limits stipulated for both Kutccha and pucca houses and minimum safe distance and intensity of blasts. Controlled blasting has been implemented in areas near habitations.

 

·         Sharda OCP Mines Manager informed that steps for repairing the cracks developed in houses of villages located near Sharda OCP were taken up as given below:

2007-08             :         12

2008-09             :         11

2009-10             :         09

 

·         Director (Tech.) informed that except for a limited blasting for creation of trench for the High Wall Mining, blasting would be eliminated in the project with the introduction of Highwall Mining technology.

 

 

9.       In addition, Shri M.M. Das, Sr. Manager (Admn.), OPM and representative of Orient Paper Mills (OPM), Amlai stated that the impacts of blasting on the structure of the machinery and Chlorine Tanks within the OPM could lead to serious problems of safety of chlorine tanks. HJI, another industrial unit also in the vicinity of the mine is also involved in chlorine production. Shri Das stated that the problems of blasting can be felt even beyond the statutory limits of 300m (set up by DGMS) to distance upto 1 km and suggested that blasting should be permitted only beyond a distance of 1 km from the Chlorine tanks and the area within should be made zero vibrations.

 

IMPACTS OF BLASTING ON CHLORINE STROAGE TANKS OF OPM

·         In regard to impacts of blasting on OPM, it was noted that subsequent to the Public Hearing held on 30.08.2010, an enquiry was made by the DGMS, Jabalpur on the impacts of blasting on the OPM and their detailed report dated 19.01.2010 was also submitted to DC, Annupur within the jurisdiction of which OPM falls (Annexure-ii) which indicated that there were no significant impacts of blasting on the Cholrine tanks of OPM.

 

·         The Sub-Committee also noted that based on the technical specifications and stipulations of the Director General Mines Safety on impacts of blasting, a Judicial Order dated 04.03.2010 had been passed by DM, Annupur (Annexure-ii) that no blasting shall be carried out within 300m of OPM Amlai. It was further ordered that controlled blasting beyond this area shall be carried out only in the presence of the representatives of Sharda OCP, OPM and HJI and the intensity of the blasting shall be within the limits stipulated in the Judicial Order.

 

·         Shri M.M. Das confirmed to the Sub-committee during the public meeting that blasting is being carried out in compliance of this Judicial Order dated 04.03.2010, in the presence of representatives of Sharda OCP and OPM and records thereof signed by both the parties (Sharda OCP and OPM) are being maintained, which indicate that the intensity of the blasting is within the limits stipulated in the Judicial Order.

 

 

9.       After considering the views of the participants of the Public Meeting and after discussion with SECL the following recommendations were made:

 

i.        All the houses within 500m of the blasting where cracks have developed would be repaired appropriately according to the damage.

 

ii.       Director, SECL informed that water tanks would be erected in certain areas in the villages and water suitable for drinking purpose could be taken by the villages from the tanks for their domestic use. The matter of distribution of the water within the villages would be taken up with the district admn.

 

iii.      Approach roads, connectivity, rural electrification in the areas required in the adjoining villages would be undertaken under CSR.        

 

iv.      In case of electrification of rehabilitated colony, SECL has been requested to start the works immediately.

 

iv.      Mine reclamation, avenue plantation, green belt in vacant areas in and around Sharda OCP would be expeditiously taken up.

 

v.      Better housekeeping of the Mines Office of Sharda OCP would be taken up immediately. This includes black topping of approach road, regular sweeping of the roads, development of green belt along the periphery of the office premises and plantation in vacant areas, flower pots in and around the office, regular whitewashing and painting of the office, wash rooms for the employees, etc.

        

vi.      Vibrometers (minimum 3) to monitor the intensity of the blasts would be installed in areas of habitation (both Kutchha and pucca) of adjoining villages.

 

vii.     Establishment of a health Centre and cases requiring specialist to be referred to Central Hospital.

 

viii.     Schemes and training for alternate livelihood of adivasis and BPL families whose land was taken by SECL not provided direct employment.

 

ix.      It was decided that VDICs would be constituted with representatives of the Sharda OCP, villages and district administration for a time-bund Action for implementation of the aforesaid issues. The status of implementation/action taken on the various issues raised would be submitted by SECL to MOEF regularly as part of their Monitoring Report.


x. On the matter of Impacts of blasting on OPM Machinery and Chlorine storage tanks:

 

·         The Sub-Committee after considering the views of the representative of OPM and the discussions with the ADM, Shahdol and with representative, DGMS recommended that the procedure laid down in the DM Order dated 04.03.2010 should be continued and the Order of the DM be complied with. Both parties must sign the reports of the blasting being carried out and a copy of the records should be maintained by both parties- management of Sharda OCP and OPM.

 

·         The Sub-committee, keeping in view the hazardous nature of chlorine and risks of its storage in tanks within the premises of OPM and HJI also recommended that the matter of safety of the Chlorine tanks needs to be checked and strictly monitored for compliance of safety regulations under the Environmental Protection Act 1986 for Storage, Handling and Disposal of Hazardous Chemicals and safety aspects under the Factories Act. It was further decided that the measures taken by OPM in this regard for the safe storage of Chlorine in the tanks vis-à-vis the safety regulations should be taken up with the Department of Environment of the Govt. of M.P., Government, MP State Pollution Control Board and the District Administration.

 

10.     The villagers collectively protested that the quality of effluent water discharged from Orient Paper Mills was toxic and unfit for any use and demanded that immediate steps be taken for treatment of their effluents to prescribed standards. The villagers also submitted two samples of water (one with effluents from OPM and the other collected from River Son  downstream of OPM) to the Sub-committee demanding that appropriate action be taken on the matter.

 

The Sub-committee, noting that this matter was outside the TOR of their site visit, decided that the samples collected by the villages be given to Shri Mandrai, representative of the M.P. SPCB at Jabalpur (both the samples were thereafter handed over by Dr.T.Chandini, Director, MOEF to Shri Mandrai)) to have them analysed for their quality vis-à-vis standards.  In addition, it was decided that the matter of compliance of environmental regulations by OPM for treatment of effluents discharged be also referred to the M.P. SPCB, and to the State Env. Dept, Govt. of Madhya Pradesh for further necessary action.

 

The Committee appreciated the participation of ADM, Shahdol in the meeting.

 

*        *        *

 

  Sd/-                                                  Sd/-                                    Sd/-

(J.L.Mehta)                                 (G.S.Roonwal)                                      (R.K.Garg)

 


Annexure-i

ISSUES RAISED BY PARTICIPANTS TO THE PUBLIC MEETING ON SHARDA OCP HELD ON 21.10.2010

 

S.N.

Name of the Participant

 

Issue

1.

Smt. Phoolmati, Gram Panchayat Bakhor

Facilities of drinking water, road and power are inadequate

2.

Sh. Surya Chand, Gram Panchayat, Bakhor

Water supply by tankers should be provided particularly in Ward # 18 and 6 where there are problems of water supply.

Mine areas required to be reclaimed by leveling and developing with plantation.

 

3.

Smt. Sushila, Tikri Tola

Problems of drinking water in village 2km from mine.

 

4.

Sh Lala Set, Gram Panchayat, Bakhor

 

Development is important, however no electricity.

 

5.

Gram Panchayat, Bakhor

Mining is important for development. Introduction of High Wall Technology is welcomed, however, when depths of 200-300m are reached, the problems of water would become acute and lead to depletion of water in the villages. Require to be addressed by appropriate mitigative measures. The commitments made are not followed yup as there is frequent transfers of officers taking charge of the mines.

 

6.

Sh Sunil Shukla, Mandal Upadaksh, Yuva Morcha, Bakhor

 

Development of the villages in terms of road, water, etc are not satisfactory. Reclamation with plantation requires to be carried out.

7.

Smt. Shyamvati, Bakhi village

No water, road and power faculties.

8.

Sh. Anil Vishwakarman village Bakho

 

Arrangements for permanent supply of water.

9.

Sh. Bhagwan Das Yadav, Gram Bakhor, and President Mahiola Kalyan Karyakram

 

Since the mines opened in 1987, water levels have declined drastically.

10.

Rintu Sarkar, OPM Colony, Amlai, Gram Bakhor

Streetlight on NH-78, road connectivity , requirement of a health Centre and cases requiring specialist to be referred to Central Hospital.

 

11.

Sh Ram Kumar Kohl, Gram Bakhor

Problems of compensation on land acquisition. The homestead losers (about 20) of Sharda OCP were resettled in the area of OPM Incline Project. The colony ahs no facilities of road, water, power, primary schools, health centre, etc.

 

12.

A number of villagers

Raised the issue of impacts of blasting resulting in cracks in their houses (both pucca and kutcha).

 

 

 

 

 

13.

Sh. Harihar Dayal, President, Gram Panchayat, Bakhor

 

Problems of water, development works not satisfactory

14.

Sh. Mishra, Panchayat, Jampat

 

Water problem, transformers not being maintained properly,

Adivasi and BPL families whose land was taken have not been provided employment, no schemes for their upliftment. New norms being introduced in R&R after land was taken, which is not acceptable. No new land should be acquired unless these issues area addressed. Gram Sabha meeting should be convened where these issues are discussed in a transparent manner.

 

15.

Sh Satyadev Sahu, village Bakhor

SECL authorities have not fulfilled promise of employment. Water from hand pumps not fit for drinking. Good drinking water should be provided.

 

16.

Sh Babulal Napit, Gram Bakhor

Village is 1km away form mine, houses have developed cracks, not fit for living. When blasting is carried out, houses shake and crack.

 

 

 

*          *          *

 

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