MINUTES OF 4th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 30th -31st AUGUST 2010

 

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

The 4th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 30th -31st August 2010 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

 

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 2nd meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 9th July 2010 was confirmed.

 

Consideration of coal mining projects was taken up as per agenda.

 

1.       Shankarpur (Bhatgaon-II) & Extension Coalmine (OC 1.80 MTPA and UG 0.20 MTPA over an ML area of 3005.12 ha) of M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp. Ltd., located in dist. Surguja, Chhattisgarh (Further Consideration of TOR).

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 28th –29th January 2010 and a response was received from CMDC vide letter dated 01.06.2010 which was further considered. The Committee was informed that the ML area is very large and has been reduced from the original 3333.49 ha to 3005.12 ha. The population of tribals is very large and the extent of forest of 200 ha is reportedly degraded. Considering the extent of tribals who are to be displaced, the EAC had desired that a detailed socio-economic survey be done and presented to the Committee on the Schemes of the Govt. of Chhattisgarh that are available and the alternate livelihood issues for the displaced tribals who are mostly dependent on the non-timber forest produce (NTFP). In addition, the EAC had also sought details of Forest Rights issue involved in the project and a specific clarification whether the affected communities were consulted regarding the project.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that Secretary, Tribal Welfare could not participate in the meeting as he was scheduled for a meeting with CM in meeting on Bastar Tribal Children’s education. It was clarified that the details being presented are in consultation with Secretary, Tribal Welfare Dept. It was stated that the project specific R&R Plan to be prepared would be based on the National R&R Policy and that of Govt. of Chhattisgarh. The Committee was informed that since the project involved more number of displacees and land oustees than what the project could provide as employment, the matter of alternate livelihood and skill development to be imparted is of high priority. It was informed that of the 7 villagers, only two would be displaced – Shankarpur (146) and Mayapur (392) involving a total 538 PAFs. Land of 9 villages, namely Mayapur, Shankarpur, Bojha, Songara, Mohanpur, Koteya, Shakalpur, Tulsi, and Dharampur, involving 1956 land oustees would be acquired. It was clarified that the local panchayats of the 9 villages within the core zone had been consulted. In addition, Gram Sabhas were held with full participation of the villagers, panchayats, Patwaris, District Collector, etc. It was clarified that no mining would be carried out below 2 villages, namely – Songara and Mohanpur and only underground mining would be carried out under village Bojha. In addition to 538 PAFs, 158 persons have been identified under Forest Rights Act, 2006 as agreed to in Gram Sabha.

 

It was clarified that Sarguja district is mainly coal bearing and no other minerals are found in the project area. Some illegal mining of coal is being carried out of the exposed seams near River Mahan flowing close to the mine lease, which is not proposed to be disturbed for the mining operation. Jhampi nala flowing through the ML would however be diverted, however,  the nala flowing through Q2 will not be diverted. It was informed that beyond River Mahan, M/s SECL is carrying out coal mining in the region. It was informed that the tribals are mainly dependent on NTFP such as ‘Tendu’ leaves. In addition, potato is also grown as a crop which is sold in the market. In addition, mango and Chili are also being grown as experimental plantation by the State Agriculture Dept; however, these are not major livelihood produce. It was informed that of the total tribal population some have been pragmatic and have moved on to other forms of livelihood while there are some who are totally dependent only on NTFP.  It was clarified that the project is situated near the State Highway and is well connected.

 

The proponent informed that the Mining Plan has been finalised as per which 4 quarries are planned and at any given time, two quarries would be mined simultaneously. Thus mining has been optimised to avoid impact on tribal population and to reduce the extent of diversion of forestland. The overall ML area has also been reduced from 3332.49 ha to 3005.12 ha.  It was further informed that 80% of the OB would be backfilled and the balance 20% would be stored in external OB dumps of 30m height.

                                

The Committee desired that a detailed SIA study should be carried as part of the EIA-EMP Study. The State Govt. should be consulted on the measures and schemes that could be adopted for the displaced tribals and for those dependent mainly on the NTFP and made an integral stakeholder in the implementation of these measures and schemes. The Committee desired that of the remaining 7 villages which are not to be displaced should be at a minimum 100m distance from the active mining areas such as quarry, ext. OB dumps, etc. and the area falling in between should be developed with a thick 3-tier plantation consisting of native species, particularly in the down wind direction to form an effective barrier from fugitive emissions. The project specific R&R Plan should provide details of measures and schemes along with specific budgetary provisions (capital and recurring) over life of the project. The SIA and the Project Specific R&R Action Plan should also be cleared by the Tribal Advisory Council. The proponent may examine issue of ‘land-for land’ in case of displacees seeking alternate land where they could continue with their present form of livelihood including meeting NTFP for sustenance of their livelihood. The Committee also desired that the proponent may examine if the extent of forestland required for mining could be further reduced and to increase underground mining to meet the overall requirement of 2 MTPA of coal production. The Committee also desired that the copy of the approved Mining Plan for OC mining of 1.80 MTPA and UG mining of 0.20 MTPA of coal over an ML area of 3005.12 ha and MOC approval letter of the mining Plan should be furnished with the application for EC. 

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

 

(i)           An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2 MTPA rated capacity of which 1.8 MTPA is OC and 0.2 MTPA is UG in an ML area of 3005.12 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006. The Committee also desired that the proponent may examine if the extent of forestland required for mining could be further reduced and to increase underground mining to meet the overall requirement of 2 MTPA of coal production.

(ii)          An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2 MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 2 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan 2 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. A detailed SIA study should be carried as part of the EIA-EMP Study. a detailed SIA study should be carried as part of the EIA-EMP Study. The State Govt. should be consulted on the measures and schemes that could be adopted for the displaced tribals and for those dependent mainly on the NTFP and made an integral stakeholder in the implementation of these measures and schemes. The proponent may examine issue of ‘land-for land’ in case of displacees seeking alternate land where they could continue with their present form of livelihood including meeting NTFP for sustenance of their livelihood. The SIA and the Project Specific R&R Action Plan should also be cleared by the Tribal Advisory Council.

(iii)         A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestlnad/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale)  (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)     Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xviii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxii)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxiii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiv)  Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxv)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvi)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvii)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxviii) Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxix)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxx)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxi) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxii)  Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxiii) Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxiv) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxv) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. The project specific R&R Plan should provide details of measures and schemes along with specific budgetary provisions (capital and recurring) over life of the project.

(xxxvi)Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxviii) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxx)  Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, Approval from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)           Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

2.        Karma OCP (1 MTPA with a peak production of 1.2 MTPA in an ML area of 244.04 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd. dist. Ramgarh, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 23.05.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the EIA-EMP Report was prepared based on approved project of 1 MTPA capacity with a peak production of 1.2 MTPA.  It was clarified that the draft EIA-EMP Report prepared on 1 MTPA production capacity with a peak prodn. of 1.2 MTPA was placed in the Public Hearing. It was informed that the mine is situated adjacent to River Damodar and an embankment is to be constructed along the boundary with River Damodar. It was clarified that the max. RL and min. RL of the mine was 338.30m and 304.80m respectively. The embankment is to a minimum 4m higher (320m) than the River Damodar (316m RL). It was agreed that the side of embankment along the river would be stone pitched and concreted. The embankment would be at a distance of 100m from the active mining area such as the quarry and dumps. It was informed that there are two Bastis – Khairabera and Mathuatongri found within the mine at a distance from the proposed active mining area and the ext. OB dumps. However, they would be resettled in an R&R site outside the ML area. It was clarified that because of the steep gradient, it was not possible to backfill the entire OB generated over the life of the project. However, an estimated 4.6 Mm3 of OB form the external OB dump would be re-handled from the external OB dumps at the end of mine life and backfilled in to the mine, so that the height of the external OB dumps would be reduced from 90m to 60m. It was further stated that of the decoaled area of 72.49 ha at the end of mine life, plantation would be developed in 29.77 ha and the balance 42.72 ha would be left as a water body of a max depth of 120m is to be used by the local villagers as the area is water scarce.  Life of the project is 26 years. It was informed that coal is to be transported by trucks to railway siding located at a distance of 18km. It was informed that the project involves R&R of 250 PAFs and 1250 land oustees, of which R&R of 131 PAFs of Khairabera Basti has been approved and is to be completed by 2010-11 and that of Mathuatongri Basti is planned to be completed by 2016-17. It was informed that as per policy, 5% of the retained profits is to be spent on CSR all over the State of Jharkhand/coalfields, from which Karma project area would also get its contribution.

 

The Committee desired that the details of area drainage of river Damodar and the mine and construction of embankment should be based on records of peak river flow available with DVC. The extent of sub-soil seepage of water from River Damodar into the mine also requires to be studied and a Risk Assessment and Disaster Management Plan should be prepared as part of the EIA.  The Committee desired that a garland drain should be created all along the quarry to drain away the rainfall and mine seepage water from the active quarry area.  The Committee desired that the proponent re-examine whether OB from the external OB dump should be re-handled to ensure that the max. depth of the water body is 45m. The Committee stated that in order to ensure that the water from the water body is used sustainably for various purposes such as drinking, use of cattle, etc the proponent may require to develop the body and treat it accordingly, the details of which may also be examined. The Committee noted that the levels of PM10 and PM2.510 were high in the area and recommended that all approach roads and transportation roads should be black topped and both sides of the road be developed with 3-tier avenue plantation. The Committee desired that a minimum 20-T capacity trucks be deployed for coal transportation. In addition, spraying arrangement in CHP and at transfer points and permanent sprinkling arrangements in the main haul roads should be made. The Committee desired that R&R of Mathuatongri Basti be completed by 2014-15.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

3.        Barka-Sayal Group of Mines of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., dist. Ranchi, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The application has been made for obtaining EC for Barka-Sayal Group of Mines which are due for renewal of lease. The Committee was informed that as per an SC Judgement dated 18.03.2004, all mines which have not been in the ambit of the EIA Notification 1994 as they had not expanded production or lease area or both and no change in mining method or technology would still require to obtain an EC at the time of renewal of mining lease. This was done by the Hon’ble Court to ensure that all such mines which may in the past have undertaken mining not in consonance with environmental regulations and environmental friendly practices could prepare an EIA-EMP to introduce such measures and practices for obtaining an EC at the time of renewal of their lease.  In the present case, an application was earlier received for Central Saunda which was returned by the EAC and the proponent was requested to submit an application on a cluster approach so that an integrated env. management plan could be prepared.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Barka-Sayal Group of Mines consist of 6 mines of which 3 are underground mines with a production capacity of 0.1, 0.55 and 0.37 MTPA capacity. Two mines- AK and KK are not being included in the cluster as they are to be mined by a JV and the sixth mine, namely – Saunda D has obtained an EC on 23.12.1993.

 

S.N.

Mine

ML Area (ha)

Prodn. Capacity (MTPA)

Normative

Peak

1.

Sayal ‘D’

664.61

0.32

0.37

2.

Central Saunda UGP

135.47

0.48

0.56

3.

Saunda UGP

118.156

0.09

0.10

 

TOTAL

918.236

0.89

1.02

 

It was informed that there is no change in the mining method and technology used in the 3 mines for which TOR has been applied for. The proponent presented the details of AAQ stations and the AAQ levels in the core and buffer zone.

 

The proponent presented the present land use of the three mines as given below:

S.no.

Particular

Land area in ha

 

 

Saunda UG

Central Saunda UG mine

Sayal D UG mine

1.

Old void

26.1

6.66

46.6

2.

Old OB dump

10.6

19.5

52.0

3.

Workshop

0.42

0.10

0.10

4.

Colony

41.65

28.56

68.49

5.

Rail

10.0

5.0

20.0

6.

Road

5.0

5.0

10.0

7.

Pit office & other infrastructure

5.0

5.0

10.0

8.

Agriculture & fellow land

19.39

65.65

457.42

Total

118.16

135.47

664.61

 

The Committee desired that while submitting applications on a cluster approach, the matter should be looked at more holistically considering the potential of reserves, new mines that are likely to come up and proposed expansion of the existing mines and reclamation of old abandoned mines (UG & OC).  The Committee desired that Saunda ‘D’ which had obtained an EC in 1993 (prior to EIA Notification 1994) could also be integrated in the cluster. The Committee observed that the AAQ stations – B6, B8 and B9 were very far away from the impact zone and also not in the main wind directions and recommended that they be relocated closer to the impact zone by a fresh one-season baseline data collection for PM 10 and PM 2.5.  The Committee desired that the reclamation of existing OB dumps, abandoned pits/voids/quarries which may include rehandling of OB from ext. OB dumps to abandoned old pits and quarries and surface reclaimed with plantation or restored to agricultural or other uses should also be considered and integrated into the preparation of EIA-EMP report for the 3 UG mines in a Restoration Plan. The extent of subsidence of the existing UG mines and problems of fire and Plan for control should also be integrated in the EIA-EMP report by preparation of a detailed subsidence study and sand stowing of mined out areas and safety of mines due to control of fires and mining close to River Damodar and consequent mine seepage from the river.  The Committee observed that the extent of water consumption in the colony and project site appeared high and should be reduced. The Committee recommend that a minimum safety distance of 60m be maintained from River Damodar. The Committee desire that project specific details of CSR activities along with specific budgetary provisions for the various activities till end of mine life should be provided. The Committee stated that except for the 1km transport of coal by trucks within the ML, no coal transportation by road should be carried out.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)         An integrated EIA-EMP Report should be prepared holistically considering the potential

of reserves, new mines that are likely to come up and proposed expansion of the existing mines and reclamation of old abandoned mines (UG & OC).  In addition to the 3 mines, Saunda ‘D’ UG mine which had obtained an EC in 1993 (prior to EIA Notification 1994) would also be integrated in the cluster.

(ii)        The integrated EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for the highest combined rated capacity (peak) of all 4 mines in the cluster and in a combined  ML/project area based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006. The EIA-EMP study should also the project specific impacts and management plan for the normative and the peak production from each of the mines for each ML.

(iii)       An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for the combined highest rated capacity of the 4 mines and cover the impacts and management plan for the combined and project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for the highest combined rated capacity of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iv)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(v)        A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas

where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(vi)       Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vii)      Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(viii)     A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(ix)       A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various existing land for mining operations including abandoned quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(x)        Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(xi)       Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations (extent of surface rights and mineral rights falling in various land use such as forestland, agr. land, water bodies, etc.

(xii)      Impact of existing landuse (if there are old abandoned OC and UG mines, quarries, OB dumps, etc) and changes in the land use due to the continued opeartion of the projects.

(xiii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM2.5, PM10, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiv)     Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xv)      Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)     Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)    The extent of subsidence of the existing UG mines and problems of fire and Plan for control should also be integrated in the EIA-EMP report by preparation of a detailed subsidence study and sand stowing of mined out areas and safety of mines due to control of fires and mining close to River Damodar and consequent mine seepage from the river.  Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xviii)   The Committee observed that the extent of water consumption in the colony and project site appeared high and should be reduced. The Committee recommend that a minimum safety distance of 60m be maintained from River Damodar. Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)     Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)      Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)     Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxii)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxiii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ.

(xxiv)   The Committee stated that except for the 1km transport of coal by trucks within the ML, no coal transportation by road should be carried out. Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxv)    The Committee desired that the reclamation of existing OB dumps, abandoned pits/voids/quarries which may include rehandling of OB from ext. OB dumps to abandoned old pits and quarries and surface reclaimed with plantation or restored to agricultural or other uses should also be considered and integrated into the preparation of EIA-EMP report for the 3 UG mines in a Restoration Plan. Details of waste generation – existing OB, topsoil –Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling from existing OB dumps and backfilling into old abandoned pits, quarries, etc, and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)    Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxi)   Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii)             Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv)             Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

 

4.        Dumri Coalmine (1 MTPA in 383 ha) of M/s Nilachal Iron & Power Ltd. located in North Karanpura Coalfields, dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 25.08.2008)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC meeting held on 28th –29th January 2010 and response to issues raised by the EAC was received vide letter dated 11.06.2010 which are to be further considered.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Dumri block is adjoining NTPC coal blocks in the North Karanpura Coalfields. It was informed that the area has been declared a ‘Go-Area’ by MOEF. It was informed that the extent of tribal population was 6.13%. The details of nala diversion were presented. It was reiterated that the course of the nala would be realigned at the ML boundary. It was informed that an application has been made to the Flood and Irrigation Dept for approval of the design of nala diversion and modification of the natural drainage passing through the Block. It was informed that a provision of Rs 15.82 crores has been earmarked for CSR as capital expenditure and a recurring expenditure of Rs 5/tonen of coal has been provided. It is planned to complete R&R within 5 years. R&R includes both direct and indirect employment. The proponent agreed to provide Rs 5 crores towards creation of a Corpus Fund for general maintenance (common property) of the colony. It was informed that no endangered wildlife fauna has been reported. The Company is however committed to participate in the Regional Action Plan for Conservation of Wildlife being prepared by the State Wildlife Dept. The Committee was informed that rail transportation for coal evacuation will be part of an integrated plan for the entire North Karanpura Coalfields and until such time, coal transportation would by trucks covering a distance of 42 km to Tori Railway siding.

 

The Committee stated that areas declared as ‘Go Areas” also require to be applied for forestry diversion and obtain forestry clearance vide provisions of the FC Act.  The Committee desired that daily wages persons/labourers who are regularly used by the company on a long term basis may also be provided housing and other amenities as regular employees. In addition, a provision for annuities of Rs 3,500/- or more for the vulnerable population – aged, widowed, abandoned, special (handicapped), etc may also be provided for the life of the project. The Committee also desired that at least 1% of the profits will be disbursed to the displaced population as per the State Govt. R&R Policy. The Committee noted that the proponent plans to shift to rail transport by 5th year of operations and a private railway siding will be established as part of plan to shift to rail mode as part of an Integrated Plan which would ensure that the railway lines form individual blocks do not fragment the forested areas falling between the coal blocks and the rail line. The Committee stated that wildlife fauna has been reported by NTPC for their Kerendari and Chhattibariatu coal blocks adjoining the Dumri Block and have prepared Conservation Plans. Therefore, the proponent should provide details of corridor/passageway way to provide access to wild animals which may venture into the block to cross to forested areas in the north. The Committee noted that 93 ha of forestland is not being disturbed and the proponent may examine if this undisturbed forest area within the project could be fenced from the sides to serve as a corridor for movement of wildlife and desired that details of this along with maps showing the corridor may be furnished to the Ministry for record.

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project subject to confirmation on the above and furnishing the details of the Plan with maps giving details of area to be left undisturbed as a corridor for movement of wildlife.

 

 

5.       Ganeshpur Opencast Coal Block (nominal capacity 4 MTPA and peak capacity of 5.5 MTPA in an ML area of 398 ha) of M/s Tata Steel Ltd., located in North Karanpura Coalfields, district Latehar, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the coal block which has 38% forestland has been categorised by MOEF as ‘Go Area’. It was informed that the entire forestland of 168 ha is Protected Forest and would be used for mining operations as quarry area and as 60-70% of the coal reserves are found in the forestland and the coal seams were dipping towards the forest area, the forested area would be required for extraction of coal. It was informed that the Mining Plan approval is under consideration. The Committee was informed that no major modifications to the natural drainage are proposed and only small diversions of nalas flowing within the mine lease which would be realigned to their original course.  Life of the project is 26 years.

                       

The Committee desired that the letter of MOEF declaring it as a ‘Go-Area’ may be furnished. The

Committee desired that a detailed Area Drainage Study should be undertaken as the mine lease appears to be part of a catchment area and also forms a part of dense forest areas in the buffer zone. The Committee observed that a major part of the original forestland is to be converted into a water body. The Committee noted that although the area may be water scarce, conversion of an entire forest area into a water body may not be desirable and desired that the proponent re-examine the Mining Plan with a view to reducing the extent of forestland for mining operations and for rehandling the OB to reduce the extent of water body possible. The Committee also desired that a Habitat Restoration Plan based on pre-mining land use should be prepared to restore the forestland to ensure connectivity with the rest of the forest area at the end of mine life.

 

The Committee after discussion decided to further consider the project based on furnishing of the aforesaid details based on various options.

 

 

6.        Proposed Chakla Opencast Coal Block (4.5 MTPA in ML area of 856.99 ha) of M/s Essar Power (Jharkhand) Ltd. to be located in Tehsil Chandwa, District Latehar, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 15.02.2008)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 24th –25th November 2009 and a response to the issues raised was received from the proponent vide letter dated 07.06.2010 which has been placed for further consideration.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposed project is within North Karanpura Coalfields and has been categorised as a ‘Go Area’. Total forestland is 403.82 ha. Grade of coal is F and G grade. Life of the project is 20 years. Rated capacity of 4.5 MTPA by the 7th year. Ultimate working depth is 184 m bgl. Distance from the mine to the linked TPP is 4.5 km and coal evacuation would be by overhead closed conveyors. Of the total ML area, 506 ha would be quarry area. It was informed that 75m of forestland which is proposed as a safety zone would be left undisturbed along the eastern and southern side of the mine lease which would serve as a corridor for free movement of wild fauna found in the area. The area would be fenced from both sides. It was informed that in addition, the company would be participating in a WL Conservation Plan for an estimated cost of Rs 3.79 crores in consultation with the State Govt.. The company is committed to undertaking all such measures for conservation of wildlife in the study area. The company has also drawn up a plan for Rs 123 lakhs for the forest dwellers identified under the Forest Rights Act 2006. In regard to diversion of the existing drainage, it was informed that based on study, the diverted stretch of the nala flowing through the ML, which joins the garland drain to be constructed, would be realigned to its original course. It was agreed that the approval of the Flood and Irrigation Dept shall be obtained within a year of grant of EC and submitted to Ministry. The proponent also stated that it would undertake sequential backfilling based on Five-Year Working Plans and the area would be reclaimed with plantation and restored to its original landuse as a forest ecosystem using a mix of species found in the pre-mining stage. It was clarified that the combined impact of the Thermal Power Project and the mine on the air quality was studied through AQIP Modelling in the EC for the linked TPP, the details of which would be furnished to the Ministry. The proponent agreed to undertake rainwater harvesting systems such as check dams, desilting of rivulets and nalas, strengthening existing structures, etc in and around the project area to recharge groundwater, in consultation with the local government and Water Resources Dept. based on micro-watershed studies of the area. The proponent also agreed to earmark Rs. 10 crores for CSR for the identified 5 villages – and a provision of Rs 5/tonne of coal towards recurring expenditure on specific activities drawn up in CSR in consultation with the local communities through establishment of VDICs. The proponent also agreed to provide annuities of a minimum of Rs 3,500/- per month to persons of vulnerable sections of the society such as the aged, abandoned/widowed and special (handicapped) for their welfare.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to the above conditions. The Committee desired that the details of plantation over the life of the project and post-mining land use as per MOEF tables and details of the AQIP Modelling should be furnished for record of the Ministry.

 

 

7.        Pelma Opencast Coalmine project (15 MTPA with a peak capacity of 20.25 MTPA in an ML area of 2512.44 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. The Committee was informed that a proposal for Pelma OCP of 15 MTPA capacity in an ML area 2035.74 ha was prepared and TOR was granted by MOEF on 20.03.2009. However, the project was revised for a peak capacity of 20.25 MTPA with an increase in ML area from 2035.74 ha to 2512.44 ha and a revised application for TOR has been made. The project with these specifications is expected to not come up to MOEF seeking EC for frequent expansion.

 

It was informed that the proposal is a Greenfield project of a production capacity of 15 MTPA with a peak production of 20.5 MTPA in an ML area of 2512.44 ha. An embankment is proposed to be created all along the boundary flanking River Kelo and a distance of 100m will be maintained. In addition, the nala flowing through the mine will be diverted. The mine is to be operated in 2 quarries- Q1 and Q2. Ultimate working depth is 260m bgl. A garland drain all along the quarries for a total length of 17km would be constructed to take the rainwater and mine pit water which will ultimately discharge into River Kelo. It was informed that 546 ha of RF found within the ML would not be disturbed in the present project life and may be taken up in future expansion. The total OB generated would be stored in external OB dumps of a max. Height of 120m for which slope stability studies would be carried out. At the end of mine life, a decoaled void of 359.59 ha of a max. depth of 260 m would be left as a water body at the post-mining stage. It was informed that the project involves R&R of 915 land oustees and 1250 PAFs.

 

The Committee observed that the project involves creation of huge external OB dumps of a height of 120m and void to be left at the end of mine life of a max. depth of 260m which are environmentally not suitable as the external dumps would be prone to dump failure and the creation of a water body of 260m would be biologically unviable. The Committee desired that a detailed Area Drainage Study should be prepared along with details of proposed nala diversion and realignment to its original course at the boundary, construction of embankment, etc. The Committee desired that a detailed project specific R&R Plan for the displacees and land oustees should be got prepared through a reputed organisation.

 

The Committee after discussions desired that the various options available to reduce the overall height of the external OB dumps and to reduce the area and depth of the water body being left at the post mining stage requires to be studied and presented before the Committee for further consideration of TOR.

 

 

8.        Kartali East OC (peak production of 3.75 MTPA in an ML area of 855.906 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Korba, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast mine of a peak production of 3.75 MTPA. The total forestland involved is 509 ha consisting of PF and revenue forest. The forestland is non-mineralised and would be used as external OB dumps for storing OB. The mine would have two quarries Q1 and Q2. Q1 would be backfilled. The max. height of the dumps would eb 120m. Ultimate working depth is 160m and final void is 65m bgl at the post mining stage. 

 

The Committee after discussions desired that the various options available to reduce the overall height of the external OB dumps and to reduce the area and depth of the water body being left at the post mining stage requires to be studied and presented before the Committee for further consideration of TOR.

 

9.        Patherdih NLW Coal Washery (5.0 MTPA (normative) with a peak capacity of 6.5 MTPA) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for establishing a new coal washery near the Jharia coalfields for washing coking coal from the mines in Jharia coalfields. The site has been chosen keeping in view the existing railway line available for transportation of raw coal from 3 collieries located at a distance of 5-7 km to the washery and for despatch of washed coal. The entire quantity of coal rejects and middling from the washery would be sent to powerhouses in Durgapur and Bokaro for FBC based TPP. The water requirement of the plant (make-up water) is 0.5 MGD and would be obtained from old abandoned mines near the washery.

 

The Committee desired that coal transportation (raw, washed and coal rejects) by road should be avoided. The Committee further desired that MOUs should be entered with for use of coal rejects in FBC based power plants and details furnished as part of EIA-EMP report. The Committee also desired that coal stockyards should have a capacity to store for not more than 1-2 days stock of coal (raw and washed) and coal rejects. The Committee desired that coal fines should be recovered from the slurry and wastewater from the washery should be free of coal dust and particles. The Committee desired that water consumption should be reduced and the plant be based on zero-discharge.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process. The Committee further desired that MOUs should be entered with for use of coal rejects in FBC based power plants and details furnished as part of EIA-EMP report.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

(iv)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(v)      The Committee desired that coal fines should be recovered from the slurry and wastewater from the washery should be free of coal dust and particles. The Committee desired that water consumption should be reduced and the plant be based on zero-discharge. Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)    The Committee desired that coal transportation (raw, washed and coal rejects) by road should be avoided. Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. The Committee also desired that coal stockyards should have a capacity to store for not more than 1-2 days stock of coal (raw and washed) and coal rejects. The Committee also desired that coal stockyards should have a capacity to store for not more than 1-2 days stock of coal (raw and washed) and coal rejects.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xii)     Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xiv)    Submission of sample test analysis of:

i.   Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

ii.   Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

iii.   Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xv)    Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xvi)    Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)         After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

 

 

10.      Dugda NLW Coal Washery (2.5 MTPA (normative) with a peak capacity of 3.25 MTPA) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new Coal Washery (coking coal) in the Jharia Coalfields and coal from the BCCL mines would be washed. Transport of raw coal and washed coal would be by rail, which flanks the washery.

 

The Committee recommended that the proponent undertake similar measures as discussed in the Patherdih Coal Washery project for preparation of EIA-EMP report. The Committee desired that coal transportation (raw, washed and coal rejects) by road should be avoided. The Committee further desired that MOUs should be entered with for use of coal rejects in FBC based power plants and details furnished as part of EIA-EMP report. The Committee also desired that coal stockyards should have a capacity to store for not more than 1-2 days stock of coal (raw and washed) and coal rejects. The Committee desired that coal fines should be recovered from the slurry and wastewater from the washery should be free of coal dust and particles. The Committee desired that water consumption should be reduced and the plant be based on zero-discharge.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for which EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

(iv)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(v)      The Committee desired that water consumption should be reduced and the plant be based on zero-discharge. Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents).  The Committee further desired that MOUs should be entered with for use of coal rejects in FBC based power plants and details furnished as part of EIA-EMP report

(vii)    The Committee desired that coal transportation (raw, washed and coal rejects) by road should be avoided. The Committee desired that coal transportation (raw, washed and coal rejects) by road should be avoided. Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development. The Committee also desired that coal stockyards should have a capacity to store for not more than 1-2 days stock of coal (raw and washed) and coal rejects. The Committee desired that coal fines should be recovered from the slurry and wastewater from the washery should be free of coal dust and particles.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xii)     Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xiv)    Submission of sample test analysis of:

i. Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other  characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

ii.  Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

iii.  Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xv)    Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xvi)    Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(vi)         After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)        The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

 

 

11.     Rangamati A Underground Coalmine Project (0.855 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.983 MTPA in an ML area of 817ha) of M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd., dist. Burdwan, West Bengal (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposed underground coalmine is in the eastern most part of the Raniganj coalfields close to Durgapur. Of the total ML area, an estimated 556 ha of land would be mined by underground method by caving which includes 91 ha of forestland. It was informed that it is proposed to mine below the forestland only after 10 years. The project does not involve R&R. An area of 8.3 ha is required for surface rights for mine infrastructure. Coal transportation would be by road to Madhaipur Raiway Siding located at a distance of 6km. It was informed that a new dedicated road of 7.5 m wide and 5km length is to be constructed to join the existing Madhaipur-Pandeswar Road which will be widened and strengthened. The proponent plans to permit continuation of existing land use practice such as agriculture even if surface rights are taken.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)           An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for 0.855 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.983 MTPA in an ML area of 817ha addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)          The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 0.855 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.983 MTPA in an ML area of 817ha of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)         A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)         Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)          Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)         Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)        Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(viii)       Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(ix)         Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(x)          Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xi)         Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xii)        Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiii)       Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xiv)      Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xv)       Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvi)      Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xvii)     Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xviii)    Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xix)       Conceptual mine closure plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xx)        Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxi)       Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxii)      Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiii)     R&R: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxiv)    Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxv)     Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxviii) Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

          and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxix) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)         After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)     The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)    The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)    Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

12.      Gare Pelma III Opencast-cum-Underground Coalmine Project (5 MTPA normative with 6.5 MTPA peak production) with a pit-head coal washery (with a peak capacity of 6.5 MTPA) of M/s Goa Industrial Development Corp., dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Modification sought on TOR granted in August 2009)

 

Director MOEF informed that the proposal was granted TOR in August 2009 on the basis of submission made by the PP that a coal washery and FBC based TPP would also form part of the project. The EAC had therefore requested for an integrated coalmine-cum Coal washery-cum FBC based TPP. A letter dated 19.02.2010 was subsequently received from PP informing that land for the FBC based TPP is not available in the 10km radius of the study area as Gare Pelma Sector III is surrounded by other blocks and forestland and therefore requested the Ministry that they would make a separate application for the FBC based TPP and the TOR granted in August 2009 be restricted to the coalmine-cum coal washery.

 

The aforesaid issue was considered by the Expert Appraisal Committee (thermal & Coal Mining) in its meeting held on 22nd–23rd March 2010 and the Committee noted that the aspect of utilisation of coal rejects in an FBC based TPP was an integral part of the TOR. The Committee after discussions decided that the PP should furnish details of specific alternate location of the FBC based TPP and details of transport and use of the coal rejects from the washery to the FBC based TPP and a separate application made for TOR to the Ministry. These decisions were communicated to the PP vide letter dated 13.04.2010.

 

A letter dated 08.06.2010 was received form the PP informing that a separate application would be submitted for the FBC based TPP. The PP however informed that during finalisation of Mine Plan it transpired that an additional area of 75.35 ha would be required over an above the project area of 639 ha presented earlier for TOR for the project to accommodate CHP, washery, railway siding, rehabilitation site, area for magazine and area for external dumps and the total project area would be revised from 639 to 775.0 ha. The PP requested for modification of TOR. The PP reiterated that a separate application would be made for the FBC based TPP.

 

The Committee sought specific reasons for not providing an area for the FBC based TPP in the revised project area. The Committee noted that this is a high-capacity washery of 6.5 MTPA (peak) and the coal rejects cannot be allowed to be stored within the mine premises without its concurrent use in the FBC based TPP. The Committee after discussions desired that the issue of revision of ML area could be considered further only after an application for TOR for the linked FBC based TPP with specific location details, along with time lines for its commissioning, etc are submitted to Ministry.

 

 

13.      Expansion of Coal Washery (0.6 MTPA to 2 MTPA) of M/s Indo Unique Flame Ltd., Tehsil Wani, Dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The Committee was informed that all coal washery proposals were brought into the ambit of the EIA Notification 2006 in view of the serious environmental degradation caused by the operation of many coal washery units in the country. The EAC had also had an opportunity to visit some of the coal washery units in Maharashtra and had found them to be in bad environmental conditions.  In view of this, the earlier EAC had decided that all units in operation prior to 14.09.2006 i.e., before the EIA Notification 2006 came into effect, should be considered and granted TOR only after the proponents furnished a Report of the concerned SPCB on the status of compliance of consent conditions issued by the SPCB for the existing capacity. In the present instance, a Report on compliance of consent was received from the Maharshtra SPCB.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal was for expansion in washery capacity of its existing unit from 0.2 MTPA to 2 MTPA. The expansion was being made since MAHAGENCO had expressed interest for obtaining washed coal for its units – CTPS, Paras TPS. The coal would be obtained by road from the coal mines. Washed coal would be despatched by road for a distance of 2km to the nearest Railway siding.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for which EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnoished.

(iv)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(v)      Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)    Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xii)     Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xiv)    Submission of sample test analysis of:

i. Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

ii.  Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

iii. Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xv)    Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xvi)    Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

 

 

14.      Gokul OC (1 MTPA in 767.17 ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 17.12.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine for the first time in Umrer-Bander coalfields at 1 MTPA capacity for a life of the project of 17 years. Coal is grade E. Final depth of mine is 100m. The project involves R&R of 365 PAFs. It was informed that underground mining has not been feasible in another mine in the coalfield– Murpar which had problems of water intrusion.  

 

The Committee noted that a number of objections were raised in the public Hearing wherein the villagers had complained that the venue of the P.H. had been about 22km away from the project. The Committee further noted that the Gram Panchayat after receiving the notice of the P.H. had in their Resolution stated that the P.H. should be held in Piraya village. The Committee noted that the EIA Notification has stipulated that he P.H. should be held near the project site or close to it. The Committee also noted that the P.H. was held only for about 15 minutes.

 

The proponent clarified that the venue for the P.H. was decided by the SPCB in consultation with the DC/ his nominee and necessary arrangements were made to transport the villagers to the place where the P.H. was held.

 

The Committee after discussions decided that the representations received from the Maharashtra SPCB along with the P.H. proceedings be forwarded to the PP for their response and till then to defer consideration of the proposal.

 

 

15.      Patanasongi UG Expn. (0.25 MTPA to 0.3 MTPA in ML area of 410 ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Nagpur, Maharahstra (EC based on TOR granted on 23.10.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project does not involve R&R. The underground mining would involve sand stowing and there would be no major impact on subsidence and on the groundwater.

 

The Committee observed that the AQIP Modelling results require to be rechecked. The Committee desired that mine water should be treated for drinking water in case discharged outside the premises. The Committee desired that the quality of groundwater should be got analysed through laboratories recognised under the EPA Act.

 

The Committee after discussion recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to usual safeguards and conditions and furnishing the rechecked AQIP results.

 

 

16.      Pipla UG Expan. (0.18 MTPA to 0.25 MTPA in ML area of 190 ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (EC based on 23.10.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project is for expansion of the existing UG mine in terms of production capacity within the existing lease area. Project does not involve R&R. The underground mining by Board & Pillar method would involve sand stowing. About 50% of the mine water would be used for sand stowing operations.

 

The Committee observed that the AQIP Modelling results require to be rechecked. The Committee desired that mine water should be treated for use as drinking water in case discharged outside the premises. The Committee desired that the quality of groundwater should be got analysed through laboratories recognised under the EPA Act.

 

The Committee after discussion recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to usual safeguards and conditions and furnishing the rechecked AQIP results.

 

 

17.     Saoner UGP Expn. (0.96 MTPA to 2 MTPA in an ML area of 2871.39 ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Nagpur, Maharshtra (EC based on TOR granted on 23.10.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project is for expansion of the existing UG mine in terms of production capacity within the existing lease area.  The proponent informed that the method of mining is by using Continuous Miner and involving caving. It was informed that wherever depillaring is undertaken, land acquisition would be carried out. The subsided areas would be plugged and reclaimed for land use such as agriculture, plantation, etc. Project does not involve R&R.

 

The Committee after discussion recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to usual safeguards and conditions and furnishing the rechecked AQIP results.

 

 

18.      Gondhkari Underground Coal Mining Project (1 MTPA in 1130 ha) of M/s Gondhkari Coal Mining Ltd., located in Kamptee coalfields, dist. Nagpur, Maharshtra (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the location of the proposed underground coal mine project is at a distance of 29km from the extended buffer zone of the Pench Tiger Reserve. It was informed that it is a fully explored block. Grade of coal varies form B to G. Grade B would be despatched to their DRI Plant. The block has two sections – eastern and western sections. Life of the project is 38 years. Incline would branch off to two. Mining Plan has been approved by MOC. It was stated that mining by Board & Pillar method with partial caving will not result in subsidence. Ultimate working depth is 400m bgl after 30 years. Groundwater abstraction is not expected to be significant as the water table is high in the region. The proposal does not involve any modification of natural drainage. However, there would be no mining carried out near the water reservoir in the easterly direction. No danger is anticipated as there is a 400m thick basalt barrier in between the reservoir and the mining area. Surface area rights would be for 40ha only which includes establishing a railway siding within the mine lease for transport of coal form the ML to its linked project by rail covering a distance of 7km. The rail mode of despatch however depends on the final approval based on study of the terrain which has hillocks between the mine and the TPP. The option of transport by conveyors would also be examined.  NO R&R is involved.

 

The Committee desired that a map authenticated by the PCCF (WL), Maharashtra indicating the shortest distance from the Tiger Reserve should be furnished. The Committee desired that a detailed Area Drainage Study should be carried out including Risk Assessment and Disaster Management Plan in case of emergency as part of the EIA-EMP study. The Committee desired that a copy of the Mining Plan would be furnished along with MOC approval letter. The Committee desired that the all options of coal evacuation using rail-cum-conveyor mode for coal transportation should be studied and desired that truck transportation should be avoided outside the ML area. The Committee also desired that a Subsidence Study with Subsidence Prediction Modelling should be carried out as part of the EIA-EMP study. The Committee desired that a detailed pre-mining survey of the local communities in and around the project should be carried out and based on which activities under CSR should be formulated. The Committee desired that the AAQ stations be relocated and a one-season data be generated for air quality using PM10 and PM 2.5 as parameters. Water quality analysis should also be done as the project is part of Bina River Catchment. The Committee desired that the P.H. should be held on the project site or in its close proximity.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of 1 MTPA in 1130 ha  addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 1 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)         A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. The Committee desired that a map authenticated by the PCCF (WL), Maharashtra indicating the shortest distance from the Tiger Reserve should be furnished.

(iv)         Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)          Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)         Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)        Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)       Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)         Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon. The Committee desired that a detailed Area Drainage Study should be carried out including Risk Assessment and Disaster Management Plan in case of emergency as part of the EIA-EMP study.

(x)          The Committee desired that the AAQ stations be relocated and a one-season data be generated for air quality using PM10 and PM 2.5 as parameters. Water quality analysis should also be done as the project is part of Bina River Catchment. Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(xi)         Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)        Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)       Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)      Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)       Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)      The Committee desired that the all options of coal evacuation using rail-cum-conveyor mode for coal transportation should be studied and desired that truck transportation should be avoided outside the ML area. Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)     Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)    Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)       Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)        Conceptual mine closure plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)       Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)      Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)    The Committee desired that a detailed pre-mining survey of the local communities in and around the project should be carried out and based on which activities under CSR should be formulated.

(xxv)     Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvi)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxviii)  Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxix)    Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(vi)         After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)        The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)     The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)    The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)    Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

19.      Expansion of Coal Washery (2.4 MTPA to 3.6 MTPA) of M/s Hind Energy & Coal Beneficiation (India) Pvt. Ltd., located in village Hindadih, dist. Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion of the Coal washery at village Hindadih, district Bilaspur from the present 2.4 MTPA capacity (dry process) to 3.6 MTPA, whereby an additional unit of 1.2 MTPA using wet process would be added. EC was granted for the existing washery on 24.06.2008. The expansion has been necessary as many of the clients (end users) have sought washed with an ash content of about 34% which the dry process is not able to meet. It was informed that the dry process technology involving mainly deshaling and crushing and sizing and removal of non-coal material helps reduce the ash content from 45-47% to 39%. The source of raw coal would continue to be Gevra-Dipka mines of M/s SECL located at a distance of 30-40km. It was informed that coal transportation is by rail from Gevra Railway Siding to a private Railway Siding located at a distance of about 6-7 km from the washery unit. It was informed that washed coal and middling with rejects would be sent to industries such as HINDALCO, Vedanta and BALCO. Compliance of EC letters of earlier EC granted in 2008 were presented. The proponent submitted that since their clients such as HINDALCO, Vedanta and BALCO have road mode of transport in their FSA Agreement with SECL and requested the Committee to consider transport of raw coal by road. It was informed that the water consultation would increase from the present 27 m3/d to 585 m3/d and would be sourced from groundwater.

 

The Committee noted that although Korba Coalmines have not been included in Critically Polluted Area (CPA) Korba, the coal transportation road from the Korba Coalmines has resulted in high levels of fugitive emissions due to vehicular transport beyond prescribed limits. Since there are a large number of washeries operating in and around Korba area, it becomes all the more important to transport coal for high capacity washeries (>1 MTPA) which are categorised as Category ‘A’ under the EIA Notification 2006. The Committee was informed that a special meeting was specifically taken by EAC in Dec 2007 with the Chhattisgarh Env. Conserv. Board and SECL in this regard to implement a time-bound Action Plan to shift to rail mode of transportation.

 

Representative of Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board informed that the compliance of EC conditions for the existing capacity was satisfactory. The Committee after discussions requested the Ministry to take up the issue of SECL continuing to stipulate road mode of coal transportation in its FSA with the Ministry of Coal.

 

For the proposed project, the Committee requested the proponent to examine all the options of transport of coal (raw, washed and middling and coal rejects) in their EIA-EMP Report. The Committee desired that generation of one-season baseline data should be based on new AAQ stds (PM10 and PM2.5). The Committee also decided that a Public Hearing would require to be conducted since the proposal involves expansion and change of technology involving higher water consumption. The Committee desired that MOUs with the end users should be furnished as part of the EIA-EMP. The Committee desired that photographs of the existing washery, extent of green belt development, and mitigative measures adopted etc should be provided in the EIA-EMP report. The impact of water use on the groundwater and prior approval of the State Ground Water board should also be obtained.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for which EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

(iv)     The Committee desired that generation of one-season baseline data should be based on new AAQ stds (PM10 and PM2.5). Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(v)      The impact of water use on the groundwater and prior approval of the State Ground Water board should also be obtained. Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)    the Committee requested the proponent to examine all the options of transport of coal (raw, washed and middling and coal rejects) in their EIA-EMP Report. Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development. The Committee desired that photographs of the existing washery, extent of green belt development, and mitigative measures adopted etc should be provided in the EIA-EMP report.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xii)     Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xiv)    Submission of sample test analysis of:

i. Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

ii.  Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

iii. Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xv)    Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xvi)    Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

 

 

20.      Expansion of Coal Washery (0.9 MTPA to 4.5 MTPA) of M/s Swastik Power & Mineral Resources  Pvt. Ltd., located in Tehsil Katghora, Dist. Korba, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that a combined EC was granted on 22.09.2008 including the 0.9 MTPA capacity washery which is a stand-alone washery located in the premises of the company’s Ferro Alloy Plant and Power Plant (CFBC based TPP), where the coal rejects were being used. It was clarified that the Ferro Alloys Plant is Induction Arc Furnace based and does not require coal. The proposal is for further expansion of the Washery to 4.5 MTPA capacity. It was informed that the main source of coal is Gevra-Dipka mines of M/s SECL in Korba. The Critically Polluted Area of Korba is at a distance of 8km from the washery unit. The proposed two additional units of 1.8 MTPA would be by wet process technology (HM Separation). The water requirement would be about 1808 m3/d and approval for use of 900 m3/d of water has been obtained. The approval of the State Water Resources Dept. would be obtained. It is proposed to transport the entire raw coal by a dedicated road which would be maintained by the company. The number of trucks being used for the 0.9 MTPA washery is about 75-100 per day which would increase to 2x 400 trucks (35-T capacity) with the proposed expansion.

 

The Committee noted that it is a high capacity washery and road transportation of 800 trucks cannot be permitted and stated that the company may examine the other options – rail-cum road or rail-cum-conveyor using an existing railway siding, etc in their EIA-EMP Report. The Committee desired that suitable mitigative measures such as wind breakers/shields and a 3-tier thick plantation be explored. The Committee desired that the prior approval of the State Water Resources Dept. should be obtained for use of Hasdeo River water. The Committee desired that source apportionment studies and analysis of the mineralogical composition on the extent of coal in particulates in the ambient air should be studied as part of the EIA-EMP. The Committee desired that MOUs with various users of washed coal, and coal rejects along with details of ash content should be furnished as part of the EC application. The Committee desired that it should be a zero-discharge washery and no washery effluents should be discharged into the drains/river. The Committee desired that a Public Hearing should be conducted for the proposed expansion.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

(iv)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.510, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.  The Committee desired that source apportionment studies and analysis of the mineralogical composition on the extent of coal in particulates in the ambient air should be studied as part of the EIA-EMP.

(v)      The Committee desired that the prior approval of the State Water Resources Dept. should be obtained for use of Hasdeo River water. Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)    The Committee noted that it is a high capacity washery and road transportation of 800 trucks cannot be permitted and stated that the company may examine the other options – rail-cum road or rail-cum-conveyor using an existing railway siding, etc in their EIA-EMP Report. Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development. The Committee desired that suitable mitigative measures such as wind breakers/shields and a 3-tier thick plantation.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xii)     Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xiv)    Submission of sample test analysis of:

i. Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

ii.  Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

iii. Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xv)    Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xvi)    The Committee desired that MOUs with various users of washed coal, and coal rejects along with details of ash content should be furnished as part of the EC application. The Committee desired that MOUs with various users of washed coal, and coal rejects along with details of ash content should be furnished as part of the EC application. Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

 

 

21.      Lekhapani Opencast Coalmine Project (0.25 MTPA in an ML area of 235 ha) of North Eastern Coalfields of M/s Coal India Ltd., located in dist. Tinsukia, Assam (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 22nd -23rd March 2010 wherein the proponent was requested to furnish response on a representation made by an NGO ‘Purbanchal Welfare Organisation’ dated 10.10.2009, regarding adverse effects of mining in the Makum Coalfields affecting the groundwater levels, rainfall, deforestation, etc. In addition, in view of the fact that the area falls in an Elephant Reserve, a Wildlife Conservation Plan was sought. The response dated 22.07.2010 received from the proponent, was further considered.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the rainfall recorded in the area indicated that the rainfall in the region over the past 30 years has not decreased significantly. The Committee was informed that the water quality in the surface water was slightly acidic, however measures were taken to ensure that the water discharged from the mines were neutralised with lime and the pH restored to standards. The proponent informed that although the area falls within an Elephant Reserve, there has been no reported sighting of elephants in the coalfields. The matter of deforestation pertains to Jhum cultivation and felling of trees in private land in the region. It was informed that a minimum Rs 5 per tonne of coal for CSR has been provided for.

 

The Committee desired that a Wildlife Conservation Plan for the elephants found in the study area (buffer zone) which may use the coalfields or pass through it as a corridor to enter neighbouring forests. The Committee desired that a detailed CSR scheme be formulated for the project by identifying villages adjoining the project area wherein specific activities would be undertaken including skill development, training programmes for alternate employment, formation of SHGs and co-operatives and acting as a facilitator between buyers and sellers (local communities), i.e. access to markets for the local produce and goods. In addition, a pre-mining socio-economic survey of the local population should be carried out which should be monitored to study the impact of CSR initiatives over the life of the project. The village-wise activities and progress made thereon along with budgetary provisions and expenditure should be uploaded on the company website.  The Committee desired that the water quality analysis of the ground and surface water should be got analysed at least once through an independent laboratory recognised under EPA. The Committee desired that the matter of Acid Mine Drainage should be studied for the life of the project and mitigative measures taken should be reported as part of the Monitoring Report submitted to MOEF regional Office.

 

The proponent agreed that a detailed Wildlife Conservation Plan covering the entire Makum Coalfields would be prepared and submitted by March 2011.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

22.      Marki-Mangli II, III and IV Opencast Coalmine Project (II and III 0.21 MTPA  in 275 ha) & IV (0.2 MTPA over 163 ha) of M/s Virangana Steels Ltd., located in dist. Yavatmal, Maharahstra (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC meeting held on 28th –29th January 2010, wherein the EAC had sought the proponent’s response on the issues of nala diversion, road diversion, objections received on the project during Public Hearing and a letter received from Shri Balu Shimon Chandekar, President Paryavaran Mitra Bahuddrshiya Sanstha with objections on the proposed project. Based on the response received from the proponent vide their letters dated  14.06.2010 and 19.07.2010, the proposal was further considered.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that a 600m stretch of the nala would be diverted with the approval of the Flood and Irrigation Dept. It was clarified that major part of the nala would flow by its original course.  Diversion channel between the sectors of Block-II will drain the water into a water tank which will be a source for irrigation of agr. land in the nearby area. It was informed that the diversion plan of roads passing through the village has been got approved from the State PWD. It was informed that Rs 75 lakhs would be earmarked for maintenance of the R&R Colony. In addition an amount of Rs 10 lakhs would be provided for providing annuities for the vulnerable sections of the society. It was agreed that the Flouride levels in water would be monitored. The proponent made a presentation on the issues raised in the Public Hearing.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project subject to the aforesaid conditions:

(i)       The proponents shall in consultation with the local communities and administration constitute VDICs for implementation of CSR, R&R and other issues.

(ii)      R&R shall be completed within an agreed time-frame and shall be not be less than the norms of the National R&R Policy.

(ii)      Controlled blasting shall be done for ensuring safety of roads and users of roads.

(iii)     Blasting will be done at a specified time only and the local villages will be properly informed. Sign boards on the timing will also be out up at strategic locations.

(iv)     Charge per hole & blasting shall be done as per recommendations of the competent authority.

(v)      Guards will be posted near the roads to regulate traffic during blasting.

(vi)     No blasting shall be carried out during movement of trains. A regular coordination shall be maintained with the Railway Authorities to ensure safe movement of trains passing through the area.

(vii)    Water quality of water bodies and Canal joining the Water Reservoir shall be regularly tested. Mine water discharge into these water bodies shall be after proper treatment to prescribed standards of water use such as drinking, agricultural use, etc.

(viii)    An area of not less than 424 ha would be developed as plantation at the post mining stage.

(ix)     Regular surveys shall be carried on the health of the local villagers particularly respiratory ailments and diseases due to the mining operations and suitable medical treatment if required shall be provided.

(x)      Diversion of the nala shall ensure that the drainage is not modified significantly by realigning it at the end of the ML boundary to its original course. Nala Diversion shall be undertaken in consultation with the Flood & Irrigation Dept.

(xi)     The proponent shall undertake suitable measures for recharge of groundwater by construction of check dams and other water harvesting schemes and measures in consultation with the Flood and Irrigation Dept. which would ensure that the water table in the area is not impacted by the mining operations.

 

 

Matter raised with permission of the Chair:

 

23.      Kathara OCP (nominal 0.96 MTPA and peak (1.90 MTPA) in an ML area of 792.81 ha) of M/s CCL, located in Dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand

 

Director, MOEF informed that the aforesaid proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 28th –29th January 2010. Kathara OCP is an old mine with a balance life of 7 years and the proposal is for obtaining EC during lease renewal.  There are a number of external OB dumps within the ML of which it is proposed to rehandle 6.5 M3 of OB from the OB dump near River Damodar. The EAC had desired that a retaining wall be provided instead of rehandling old stabilised OB dumps. The Committee had desired that a sub-committee consisting of Prof. C.R. Babu, Expert Ecology and Habitat Restoration of Mined Out Areas and Shri B.P. Singh, Director, DGMS undertake a site visit on the aspects of waste management and mine reclamation. However, as Prof. Babu met with an accident soon after, the site visit could not take place. The EAC’s tenure also came to an end in April 2010.

The Committee decided that Prof. C.R.Babu and Shri J.L. Mehta along with Shri R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India Ltd., New Delhi and the Ministry representative would undertake a site visit in September/October 2010. The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the Report of the Sub-Committee.

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

 

*  *     *


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPATION OF 4th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 30th -31st AUGUST 2010 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

_________________________________________________________________

 

1.       Shri V.P. Raja                                                                    Chairman

 

2.       Prof. C.R.Babu                                 ……                                         Member

 

3.       Shri T.K. Dhar                                                                    Member

 

4.       Shri J.L. Mehta                                                                   Member

 

5.       Shri S.Seshadri,                                       ..                           Member

 

6.       Dr.C.B.S. Dutt, Group Director                                                   Member

 

7.       Prof. Roonwal                                                                    Member

 

8.       Dr. Shiv Attri  (2nd day)                                                       Member

 

9.       Dr.V.B. Mathur, WII (1st day)                                                        Member

 

10.     Dr. T. Chandini                                                           Scientist F MOEF

 

11.     Dr. Rubab Jaffer                                                    Scientist B, MOEF

 

Special Invitee:

12.     Dr.Suresh Chandra, CCHO, Chhattisgarh Env. Cons. Board, Raipur participated in the meeting for Agenda Items 1, 19 and 20 relating to Chhattisgarh.

 

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

 

 

Shri P.R. Mandal, Advisor, Ministry of Coal and Shri R.K. Garg, Advisor, Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS OF 4th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 30th -31st AUGUST 2010 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

1.         M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp. Ltd.

            1.         Shri Rajesh Govardhan, MD, CMDC

            2.         Shri P.S. Yadav, GM, CMDC

            3.         Shri R.K. Dewangan, AGM, CMDC

            4.         Shri L.K. Srivastava, President, JVC of CMDC

            5.         Shri L.K. Gupta, Add. Director, Tribal Dev. Dept., Chhattisgarh

            6.         Dr. Marisha Sharma, MINMEC Cosnultancy

 

2.         M/s Central Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri T.K. Chand, Director (Personnel)

            2.         Shri Sumit Ghosh, CGM (E&F), M/s Central Coalfields ltd.

            3.         Shri B.K. Sharma, Chief Manager (Env.), CCL

            4.         Shri Pushkar, Sr. Manager (Er.), CMPDI

            5.         Shri V.K. Rao, CMPDI

 

3.         M/s Nilachal Iron & Power Ltd.

            1.         Shri Arun Sinha

            2.         Shri S.Sinha, GM (Mines0< NIPL

            3.         Shri N.C. Varma

            4.         Shri I.J.Talm

            5.         Shri B.M. Bansal

            6.         Shri S.Hazarika

            7.         Shri S. Naithani

            8.         Shri V.K. Singh, Consultant

 

4.         M/s Tata Steel Ltd.

            1.         Shri Ajay Sahay, Tata Steel

            2.         Shri Pankaj Kumar Satija, Tata Steel

            3.         Shri Chankya Choudhary, Tata Steel

            4.         Shri Sanjay Nath Singh, Tata Steel

            5.         Dr. Vinod P. Sinha, Advisor

            6.         Shri V.K. Singh, Advisor

 

5.         M/s Essar Power (Jharkhand) Ltd.

            1.         Shri A.K. Singh, Essar

            2.         Shri Santosh Gupta, Essar

            3.         Shri Ravi Sahay, Essar

            4.         Shri Uday Bhaskar, Essar

            5.         Col. JM Arafat, Essar

            6.         Dr. M.M.Seam, Essar

            7.         Ms. Nandini Choudhary, Green C

            8.         Shri Nilanjan Das, GreenC

            9.         Ms. Meeta Khilnani, HCPL

           

6.         M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri Gopal Singh, DT (P&P)

            2.         Shri S.Singh, SECL

            3.         Shri R.N. Biswas

            4.         Shri M.Bhattacharya

            5.         Shri S.C. Shankar

 

7.         M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.

            1.         Shri D.C. Jha, Director (Tech.)

            2.         Shri D.Kumar

            3.         Shri A.M. Bahadur, CMPDI

            4.         Dr.E.V.R.Raju

            5.         Shri Amit Ray, CMPDI    

 

8.         M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri N.Kumar, Director (Tech.)

            2.         Shri G. Prasad, GM (M), CMPDI

            3.         Shri Rakesh Pandit, GM (Env.)

            4.         Shri B.N. Basu, DT

            5.         Shri Anand Shekhar, Manager, CMPDI

 

9.         M/s Goa Industrial Development Corp.

            1.         Shri P.S. Upadhyay, MD

            2.         Shri Mandar Shirodkar, Dy GM

3.         Shri Santanu Puranik, Consultant

            4          Shri N.K. Prasad, Consultant

 

10.       M/s Indo Unique Flame Ltd.

            1.         Shri Ajay R. Rathi, Indo-Unique

            2.         Shri P. Shukla, Consultant

            3.         Shri Raghvachrylu, Bhagavati Ana Labs

 

11.          M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri K. Chakroborty, GM (env.)

            2.         Shri A.D. Jamkar, HOD (Env.), CMPDI

            3.         Shri P.A. Chowgule, CMPDI

            4.         Shri S.K. Jagnamiya, CMPDI

 

12.       M/s Gondhkari Coal Mining Ltd.

            1.         Shri U.K. Mittal, Director, GCML

            2.         Shri P.R. Sharma, GCML

            3.         Shri U.W. Datey, Consultant

 

13.       M/s Hind Energy & Coal Beneficiation (India) Pvt. Ltd.

            1.         Shri P. Agarwal, Hind Energy

 

14.       M/s Swastik Power & Mineral Resources  Pvt. Ltd.

            1.         Shri S.P. Rege, Ex. Director, SP&MRPL

            2.         Shri Kalhan Gargi

            3.         Shri Lalit Kumar Singhania

            4.         Shri B. Chakradhar, Ramky Env. Eng. Ltd.

 

15.       North-Eastern Coalfields, Assam of M/s Coal India Ltd.

            1.         Shri A.K. Bose, CGM

            2.         Dr.D.Sankar, GM

            3.         Shri S.N. Charejsani, Chief Manager

            4.         Shri N.K. singh, CMPDI

            5.         Shri S. Bhattacharya, NEC, Margharita

            6.         Shri P. Prasad, Sr. Manager

           

16.       M/s Viranagana Steels Ltd.

            1.         Shri Anil Nevatia, President

            2.         Shri Swapan Mittra, Vice-President

            3.         Shri Ashish Shukla

            4.         Shri P. Shukla

 

 

*          *          *         

Untitled Page