MINUTES OF 2nd EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 9th July 2010

 

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

The 2nd meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 9th July 2010 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

 

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 67th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 28th -29th April 2010 was confirmed. The Committee expressed its appreciation to the efforts of the former EAC (T&C) under the Chairmanship of Shri A.Balraj in appraisal of Coal Sector Projects received for environmental clearance.

 

 

Consideration of coal mining projects was taken up as per agenda.

 

 

1.       Expansion of Mata No Madh Lignite Mine Project (from 0.6 MTPA to 2.4 MTPA) of M/s GMDC located in Taluk Lakhpat Dist Kutchh, Gujarat (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held in March 2010. The proponent made a presentation on the issues raised in that meeting. It was informed that the land use has been revised and an area of 587.0226 ha would be kept as unutilised area at the post mining stage. It is proposed to adopt three villages for socio-economic development.

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project for EC subject the following conditions:

(i)       The effluent waste water should be treated and quality of water should conform to ISO drinking water norms for supplying to villagers for drinking purpose. A Plant for treatment of wastewater for desalination using Solar Energy Technology should be established for the expansion project. The Plant shall ensure treatment of water within the mine and that let out from the premises shall conform to discharge standards.

(ii)      Disposal of brine sludge to chemical units shall be undertaken by entering into an MOU with the potential buyers.  No brine sludge should be stored in open pits/areas within the mine premises.

(ii)      The mined out area should be reclaimed and habitat restored with plantation/grassland to the extent possible and put to post-mining use.

(iii)     The Committee desired that the resettlement colony should be in better state than their original village.

(iv)     The Committee desired third party evaluation to evaluate compliance of EC conditions and institutions such as IBM, CAZRI could be engaged.

(v)      The Committee desired that the final water body should be restricted to a max. depth of 10m  only and the proponent confirmed that the Mining Plan also has a similar restriction of 10m water depth for the water body in the mined out pit.

(vi)     The Committee also desired that a minimum 20m distance between the ultimate working depth and depth at which the confined aquifer is found should be maintained. At no stage, there should be an intersection of water table.

(vii)    Village-wise CSR shall be prepared at a cost of Rs 6 crores for the first five years, which would be continued till end of mine life. The activities shall be prepared in consultation with local communities at the village (VDIC) and taluka level.

(viii)   The socio-economic development of the villages shall be monitored over the life of the project using indices such as the UNDP Human Development Index.

(ix)     The WL Conservation Plan for conservation of the Grey Wolf which visits the project area shall be implemented in the project area.

(x)      No stockpile of lignite shall be permitted. The lignite produced from mine face shall be transported immediately.

(xi)     Biological reclamation of OB dumps shall be completed by end of mine life.

(xii)    Third Party evaluation of progressive and final mine closure plan shall be undertaken and submitted to MOEF RO as part of the Monitoring Report.

 

The Committee recommended the project subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

2.       Tadkeshwar Lignite Mine Expn. Project (1 MTPA to 2.5 MTPA of lignite and 1 MTPA of limestone in 964.44 ha) Project of M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corp. Ltd. located in Taluk Mandvi, dist. Surat, Gujarat (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held in February 2010. The comments of the expert, wherein the Committee had sought a recent report of the hydrogeology of Tadkeshwar Mine Lease area. The Status of compliance of earlier EC had also been sought by the Committee.

 

The proponent presented the findings of the hydrogeology report prepared.

 

The Committee desired that a watershed study should be carried in the area in view that the main crops of the area are sugarcane and banana which require considerable amount of water. The Committee suggested that earlier studies on the subject could be consulted. The Committee desired that the proponent carry out regular monitoring of acidic mine water and TDS in mine water and its treatment before discharge and desired that institutions such as National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad could be involved in such a study. The Committee desired that all values of environmental quality parameters should be shown against desirable rather than permissible standards.

 

The Committee recommended the project for EC subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

2.       Proposed Ghogha-Surka Lignite Mining Project (2.25 MTPA in 1355 ha ML), Khadsaliya-I Lignite Mining and Khadsaliya-II Lignite Miing Project of M/s Gujarat Power Corp. Ltd., located in village Khadsaliya, Gujarat (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that 3 Mining leases adjoining one another have been allotted to the company to partially meet the coal of the linked pit-head TPP for which an EC has already been obtained. It was informed that the project is at a distance of 1.5 km to 2 km from the coast (Arabian Sea/Gulf of Kambat). It was informed that baseline data was generated a few years ago for the TPP.

 

The Committee noted that one application has been made for all three leases and requested the proponent to submit three separate applications along with clarification from MOC on the changed name of the coal block from Surkha-II to Ghogha-Surka and desired that Allotment letter of Ministry for all three coal blocks be furnished separately with each application for conveying TOR.  The Committee however desired that an integrated EIA-EMP study should be done for the combined impacts from the three blocks and a management plan. The Committee desired that land use maps of the study area (Core zone and buffer zone) should be furnished. The Committee desired that a map from a recognised institution should be furnished whether the project falls in CRZ (highest tide level) area and in case it does, clearance from the CRZ from the Gujarat CZMA would be an essential pre-requisite for consideration of the proposal for EC.  The Committee desired that in view of the fact that the Notification for NAAQM standards have been revised, a fresh baseline one-season data for the environmental quality may be generated as per the latest Notifications. The Committee noted that since the ultimate working depth is 110m bgl, impacts of sea water ingress and cutting into groundwater aquifer shall be studied.

 

The Committee after discussions prescribed the following TOR subject to the aforesaid clarifications/submission of documents:

(i)       The Committee desired that a map from a recognised institution should be furnished whether the project falls in CRZ (highest tide level) area and in case it does, clearance from the CRZ from the Gujarat CZMA would be an essential pre-requisite for consideration of the proposal for EC.

(ii)      An integrated EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a combined peak capacity of the three lignite projects addressing the combined environmental impacts of the projects including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. The Committee desired that in view of the fact that the Notification for NAAQM standards have been revised, a fresh baseline one-season data for the environmental quality may be generated as per the latest Notifications.

(iii)     The EIA-EMP report should also cover the environmental impacts and management plan for the individual project specific activities and those activities which have an inter-connection (transportation of mineral, power, water, colony, lignite stockyard, lignite handling plant, transportation and usage of approach roads from mine ) and also the combined impacts of the two projects on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information generation on impacts through prediction modelling.

(iv)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(v)      A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(vi)     Land use map (1: 50,000 or 100,000) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use.

(vii)    Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and irrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records).

(viii)   Details of Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, area (in ha) agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations.

(ix)     Contour map at 3 m intervals and Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

(x)      Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(xi)     Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xii)    Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the combined projects since much of the land being acquired is agricultural land.

(xiii)   Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiv)   Map of the study area (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, pouting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for groundwater as per ISI standards and surface water as per CPCB guidelines.

(xv)    Study on the existing flora an fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna.

(xvi)   Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should be included.

(xvii)  Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc.  rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis  the potential impacts.

(xviii) Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)   Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for each the mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)   Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime of within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. The Committee noted that since the ultimate working depth is 110m bgl, impacts of sea water ingress and cutting into groundwater aquifer shall be studied. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected.

(xxii)  Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xxiii) Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling including ISCT-3 (Revised) or latest model available.

(xxiv)  Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxv)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, treatment details, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii) Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)         Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxix)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxx)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxi) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables) and reasons for selection of species for the afforestation/plantation programme.

(xxxii) Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxiii) Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land to pre- mining (agricultural use).

(xxxiv) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive

          and final mine closure plan.

(xxxv) Details of R&R.  Detailed R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxvi)          Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii)In built mechanism of self monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxviii)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix)          Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(xxxx) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)               The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)             The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(viii)   The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEFG website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)                 Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)              Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)            Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

(iv)     The EIA-EMP Report should be got prepared only from a Consultant who is registered with QCI.

 

 

4.       Expansion of Gare IV/1 Coalmine Project from 705.556 ha to 978.432 ha (6 MTPA capacity) and Expansion in Coal Washery from 2.4 MTPA to 3.2 MTPA of M/s Jindal Steel & Power ltd., located in district Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of EC based on TOR) 

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 28th –29th January 2010 and the proponent made a presentation on the issues sought in the earlier meeting. The proponent informed that the mining lease is about 13 km away from Elephant habitat which are within Orissa and not in Chhattisgarh and does not form a part of elephant corridor. It was informed that the estimated annual production of washed coal would be 2.00MTPA, Middling would be 3.65 MTPA and coal rejects of 0.35 MTPA. The ash content in washed coal would be in the range of 28-32%, and for middling  would be 56-60% and in the coal rejects, it would be 76-80%. Washed coal will be used in DRI (Sponge Iron plant), Middling in power plant of JSPL, Raigarh for power generation, rejects are dumped in decoaled area of quarry. The Committee was informed that the transportation of 12,000 TPD of coal would be by 180 trucks of 40-T capacity dedicated to coal transportation. It was informed that there are 4 villages falling in core zone namely Aamgaon, Nagramunda, Tapranga, Dongamhua and 113 households would require to be shifted in phased manner. In regard to coal washery expansion, it was informed that the mine water would be used for washing coal. The compliance of conditions of earlier EC granted for the 6 MTPA unit in ML area of 705.556 ha was also presented before the Committee.

 

The Committee noted that the letter of WL Dept. of the State Government did not specifically clarify whether the project area forms a part of the elephant habitat and/or forms a part of elephant migratory corridor and desired that a specific clarification to this effect is required from the CWLW, Govt. of Chhattisgarh. The Committee informed that the responsibility to ensure that trucks used for coal transportation in meeting emission norms is with the proponent. The Committee desired that R&R should be completed within one and a half year. The Committee further desired that third party /agency should be involved for the assessment & evaluation of earlier project R&R compliance. The R&R compliance of earlier EC should be displayed on company’s website for public & others. The Committee desired that a Corpus Fund of Rs 1 crore per annum be earmarked for maintenance of the R&R colony. The Committee also desired that an amount of Rs 3 crore/annum be earmarked for various activities under CSR. The Committee desired Third Party evaluation of impacts of R&R and CSR on the socio-economic development of displaced communities and villages in the surrounding areas. The Committee desired that no bore well water is used for washing coal. The Committee desired that reclamation of mined out areas and plantation should be done using native species found in the study area and include elephant fodder plant/tree species such as Mahua, Sal, etc instead of Acacia. The Committee noted that the water level was in the decline in Tapranga area and desired that a watershed study should be carried out. Committee also desired that seasonal data of water level should be generated and continuous monitoring should be carried out and suitable measures should be taken for conservation and recharge of ground water should be implemented. The Committee desired that the Head, Environment Management Cell should report to the Chairman of the company directly and the compliance report of environmental conditions/measures should be uploaded on company’s website regularly.

 

The Committee deferred its decision on the project for EC until a clarification from CWLW, Govt. of Chhattisgarh whether the study area forms a part of the elephant habitat and/or forms a part of elephant migratory corridor is received and in case if it does fall within an elephant habitat and/or corridor, a Wildlife Conservation Plan requires to be prepared and furnished to the Ministry.

 

 

 

5.       Kerendari B and C Opencast Coalmine Project (40 MTPA in a Project area of 4500 ha) of M/s Jharkhand Integrated Power Ltd., located in dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC meeting held in April 2010. The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Hazaribagh National Park does not fall within 15 km of the buffer zone. The break up of land use - pre-mining and during mining operations and post mining were presented. The proponent informed that the development of mine will have to be started from north as in the Southern side, land availability is limited due to presence of river and dense forest and on east and western sides, the block is surrounded by other coal blocks.  Hence, the option of dumping OB in the northern part of the project is unavoidable. It was informed that peak production would be 40 MTPA, grade of coal is C-F, total OB generation is 3055m3 and maximum depth of mining would be 435m bgl.

 

The Committee noted that the comments of the Forest Wing of the ministry has been obtained as per which the block falls in the ‘Go’ area within the North Karanpura Coalfields as per the latest classification. The Committee also noted that as per the letter of the CWLW, Jharkhand, there is no reported Schedule-I species found in the study area. The Committee desired that since the project involves nala diversion and changes to hydrology, a detailed Area Drainage and Watershed Study should be carried out as part of the EIA-EMP Study. The Committee desired that nala diversion should be done in consultation with State Irrigation Dept. The Committee desired that the PP re-examine OB dumping vis-à-vis backfilling upto 6th year to reduce the extent of external OB dumping.  The Committee desired that a detailed project specific R&R Plan should be furnished. Since the project area has tribals, a Tribal exclusive plan is required in consultation with Tribal Welfare Development Dept of the State Govt. The Committee further desired that a detailed project specific CSR be also required for the adjoining villages. The Committee desired that all the issues raised in Public Hearing should be addressed in tabular form along with commitment made/clarification on each issue. The Committee desired that the coal evacuation route (MGR) should be identified ensuring that the dense forests in the northern side of the block are conserved and not decimated. The coal evacuation route for all the blocks in the area would require to be worked out in a comprehensive manner.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                  An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 40 MTPA rated capacity in an ML/project area of 4500 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)                An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 40 MTPA rated capacity covering the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 40 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 40 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)             A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)   A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)    Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)   Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)   Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna i9nclude Schedule-I and II fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)         Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii) Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon. The Committee desired that since the project involves nala diversion and changes to hydrology, a detailed Area Drainage and Watershed Study should be carried out as part of the EIA-EMP Study. The Committee desired that nala diversion should be done in consultation with State Irrigation Dept.

(xviii) Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)   Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.      

(xxii)  Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii) The Committee desired that the coal evacuation route (MGR) should be identified ensuring that the dense forests in the northern side of the block are conserved and not decimated. The coal evacuation route for all the blocks in the area would require to be worked out in a comprehensive manner.

(xxiv)  Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxv)   The Committee desired that the PP re-examine OB dumping vis-à-vis backfilling upto 6th year to reduce the extent of external OB dumping. Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvi)  Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvii) Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxviii)         Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxix)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxx)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxi)  Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxii) Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxiii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiv)The Committee desired that a detailed project specific R&R Plan should be furnished. Since the project area has tribals, a Tribal exclusive plan is required in consultation with Tribal Welfare and Development Dept of the State Govt. The Committee further desired that a detailed project specific CSR is also required for the adjoining villages. Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxvi) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii)In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxviii) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix)Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxx) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)        The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

(iv)             The EIA-EMP Report should be got prepared only by a Consultant registered with QCI.

 

 

6.       Lekhapani OCP (0.25 MTPA) of M/s North Eastern Coalfields located in Dist. Tinsukia, Assam (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 25.08.2008)

 

The Committee was informed that the Project proponent had sought deferment of the project.

 

 

7.       Nerad Malegaon Coal Mining Project (0.15 MTPA by OC and 0.21 MTPA by UG in an ML area of 465 ha) of M/s Wani Coalfields Ltd., located in Tehsil Jhari Zamni, Dist. Yavatmal. Maharahstra (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation on the issues considered in the last EAC meeting held in January 2010, wherein the Committee had in view of the likely disturbance to the drainage had decided that a study should be undertaken on the following:

1.       Framework of hydrological and hydrological regime in the study area.
2.       Preliminary assessments regarding the likely effect of mine drainage on stream

flow characteristics and water quality, especially with respect to Vaidarbha river which passes adjacent to the proposed project, on the basis of which TOR could be recommended.

 

The proponent made a presentation on the study undertaken on the watershed and the hydrology of the area. It was informed that of the total ML area, only 125 ha would be for OC mining.

 

The Committee observed that the entire surface area will be disturbed by opencast mining. The Committee also noted that the water table in Yavatmal district is low. It is drought prone and has problems due to high levels of fluoride and desired that a detailed study of the watershed which would be impacted by the mining along with study on impacts on the ground water regime, transmission of ground water in lateral manner, etc would be required. The study may include impacts of effect of high fluoride content in the study area. In addition, the Committee desired that secondary data from any agency like State Irrigation Department of Maharashtra may be collected. The Committee also suggested that the project proponent may consult the Report of Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission and incorporate suitable measures that should be taken accordingly to mitigate the effect of fluoride in water on the local population.  The Committee also desired the details of displacement of coal seam due to faulting should be provided.  

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for a total 0.36 MTPA combined rated capacity, of which 0.15 MTPA would be by OC mining and 0.21 MTPA would be by UG mining, in an ML/project area of 465 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 0.36 MTPA rated capacity covering the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for expansion 0.36 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 0.36 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)   A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)    Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)   Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)   Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures. The Committee also desired the detail of displacement of coal seam due to faulting should be provided.  

(xvii)      The Committee observed that the entire surface area will be disturbed by opencast mining and specific impacts of opencast mining on the land use, etc should be studied. Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xviii)    Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii) Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)   Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    The Committee also noted that the water table in Yavatmal district is low. It is drought prone and has problems due to high levels of fluoride and desired that a detailed study of the watershed which would be impacted by the mining along with study on impacts on the ground water regime, transmission of ground water in lateral manner, etc would be required. The study may include impacts of effect of high fluoride content in the study area. In addition, the Committee desired that secondary data from any agency like State Irrigation Department of Maharashtra may be collected. The Committee also suggested that the project proponent may consult the Report of Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission and incorporate suitable measures to be taken accordingly to mitigate the effect of fluoride in water on the local population. Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.      

(xxii)  Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)    Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)     Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should be based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)       Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxv)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxvi)     Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxi) Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan   Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ix)             The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(x)               The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

(iv)     The consultant engaged for preparation of EIA-EMP Report should be registered with QCI.

 

 

8.       Khappa & Extension Underground Coalmine Project (0.3 MTPA in ML area of 649.50 ha) of M/s Khappa Coal Company Pvt. Ltd., located in dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proposal is for opening a new underground coalmine project of 0.3 MTPA in 649.50 ha Ml area of which 590 ha falls in Khappa Block and 59.38 ha falls in Khappa extension block). The project would meet he partial requirement of the JV consisting of two partners. Of the total ML area of 649.46 ha, 12.86 ha area is covered by Zudipi forest land, 84.82 ha is Govt. land and rest is agricultural land. Of the total ML area, only 24.1 ha would be broken for surface features such as surface dump-1 ha, mouth of incline-0.3 ha, settling pond-0.3 ha, facilities-2.5 ha, road-1ha, road-1ha, greenbelt-9ha, plantation-10 ha, (total disturbed area-24.1 ha) and the remaining 625.46 ha would be undisturbed. It was informed that a railway track, highway, village are found within the ML and part of a river flows through the ML area. Mining would be by Bord & Pillar or Room & Pillar method.

 

The Committee desired that a subsidence Study which includes a Subsidence Prediction Modelling should be carried out in view of so many super structures on the surface. Adequate subsidence measures should be taken to avoid damage to surface area. The Committee desired that all stipulation of mines safety of DGMS should be followed, including opening of twin openings for evacuations in case of disaster. The Committee noted that the proposed location of the mine is 35km from Pench Tiger Reserve.

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                 An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of 0.3 MTPA production over an area of 649.50 ha addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)              The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 0.3 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)            A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)             Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)               Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)             Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)          Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)        Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)             Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)               Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(xi)             Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)          Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)        The Committee desired that a subsidence Study which includes a Subsidence Prediction Modelling should be carried out in view of so many super structures on the surface. Adequate subsidence measures should be taken to avoid damage to surface area. Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)         Risk Assessment Study and Disaster Management Plan. The Committee desired that all stipulation of mines safety of DGMS should be followed, including opening of twin openings for evacuations in case of disaster.

(xv)           Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xvi)         Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvii)      Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xviii)    Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xix)         Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xx)           Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xxi)         Conceptual mine closure plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxii)      Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxiii)    Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiv)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxv)       R&R: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxvi)     Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvii)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxviii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxix)  Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxx) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)             After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)               The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)     The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)    The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)   Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)       Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)      Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)     Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

(iv)     The EIA-EMP study should be got prepared only by a Consultant registered with QCI.

 

 

9.       Proposed Coking Coal (LNW) Washery (Normative Capacity 1.5 MTPA and peak capacity 2 MTPA) of M/s S&T Mining Company Pvt. Ltd., to be located in village Bhelatand, Tehsil & district Dhanbad, Jharkhand (Modification of TOR granted on 10.09.2009)

 

The proponent had informed vide letter dated 28.05.2010 that after obtaining the TOR for the aforesaid proposed coal washery, as the EAC had advised that the transport of coal from the washery be planned so as to have minimum on the environment. In this context, the idea of putting up a railway siding next to the washery was also discussed to greatly reduce the pollution load from road transportation. Accordingly, a study was got conducted and based on the study, it was decided to relocate the proposed washery from its planned location at village Malkhera to village Bhelatand at a distance of about 3- 3.5 km from the original site. The proponent informed that a operational railway siding already exists at the new site of 7 ha area, being currently operated by M/s Tata Steel (one of the promoters of S&T) and a suitable arrangement for sharing the siding could be worked out. The Washery would be zero-discharge in the sense that the washery would be closed circuit and no effluents from the washery would be let out of the premises.

 

The Committee noted that River Katri flows near the new proposed location and desired that there should be a minimum 400-500m distance between the washery plant and the HFL of the river. The Committee also desired that a garland drain of a capacity based on the peak discharge flow should be created along the periphery of the premises to allow the rainwater to flow out and not to mix with the slurry/coal washings/effluents from the plant. Housekeeping practices such as mechanical sweeping of roads which are black topped, water curtain/sprinklers at transfer points, etc should be installed and there should be no fugitive emissions from the Plant. The Committee also desired that the proponent examine the entire water requirement could be met from mine water of their underground mine only. The Committee also desired that a thick green belt be developed between the washery and the river and between the washery and villages/habitations particularly in the down wind direction. The Committee also desired that the one season data should be based on the latest Notification on env. quality. The Committee also informed that the EIA-EMP study and Report should be got done only from a consultant who is registered with QCI.

 

Subject to these additional conditions, the change of the proposed location from Malkhera village to Bhelatand village and name of the washery from Malkhera to Bhelatand was agreed to.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

 

*   *     *

 

 

 

 

 


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPATION OF 2nd EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 9th JULY 2010 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

_____________________________________________________________________________________________

 

1.         Shri V.P. Raja                                                                          Chairman

 

2.         Prof. C.R.Babu                                          ……                           Member

 

3.         Shri T.K. Dhar                                                                         Member

 

4.         Shri J.L. Mehta                                                                       Member

 

5.         Shri S.Sheshadri,                                                ..                      Member

 

6.         Prof. Roonwal                                                                          Member

 

7.         Dr. Shiv Attri                                                                           Member

 

8.         Dr.V.B. Mathur, WII                                                                Member

 

9.         Dr. T. Chandini                                                                          Scientist F MOEF

 

10.       Dr. Rubab Jaffer                                                                  Scientist B, MOEF

 

_____________________________________________________________________________________________


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS OF 2nd MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 9th JULY 2010 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

 

1.       M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Ltd.

          1.       Shri S.C. Panth

          2.       Shri P.K. Soni

          3.       Shri A.L. Thakker

          4.       Shri D.U. Vyas

          5.       Shri S.G. Patel

          6.       Shri D.P. Panchni

          7.       Shri S.C. Sharma, Consultant

          8.       Ms. Meeta Khilnani, HCPL

          9.       Shri Arvind R Jha

          10.     Ms. Marisha Sharma, MIMNEC

 

2.       M/s Gujarat Power Corp. Ltd.

          1.       Shri Y.C. Potdar

          2.       Shri S. Parthu Salub, NEERI

          3.       Shri R. Ravinder Rao, NEERI

          4.       Shri Rajnish Singh

          5.       Shri Rajkumar R.

 

3.       M/s Jindal Steel & Power Ltd.

          1.       Shri D.N. Abrol, ED, JSPL

          2.       Shri S.L. Lahiri, Sr. VP, JSPL

          3.       Shri S.R. Chary, AVP, JSPL

          4.       Shri V. Ravi Kumar, GM, JSPL

          5.       Shri R. Chary

          6.       Shri B.D. Sharma, MINMEC

          7.       Manish, JSPL

          8.       Shri V. Karthikyan

 

4.       M/s Jharkhand Integrated Power Ltd.

          1.       Shri B.K. Bansal

          2.       Shri Rajiv Saxena, Relinace Power

          3.       Dr. I. N. Rao

          4.       Shri Alok Pathak, Reliance Power

          5.       Shri N.C. Warora, Consultant

          6..      Shri B.Rai, Consultant

 

5.       M/s Wani Coalfields Ltd.

          1.       Shri J.K. Bigharia, Director

          2.       Shri A. Mundra, Sr. V.P. Corporate Affairs

          3.       Shri S.S. Mohorid, Consultant

          4.       Shri K.P. Ingle, Consultant

 

6.       M/s Khappa Coal Company Pvt. Ltd.

          1.       Shri K.C. Narang

          2.       Shri Rakesh Paliwal

          3.       Shri Subhod Kumar, Khappa Coal Co. Ltd.

          4.       Dr. V.N. Choudhary, Sunflag Iron & Steel Co.

          5.       Shri B.D. Sharma, MINMEC

          6.       Ms. Marisha Sharma, MINMEC

 

7.       M/s S&T Mining Company Pvt. Ltd.

          1.       Shri Sandeep Kumar, S&T Mining

          2.       Shri Chanakya Choudhary, Tata Steel

          3.       Shri U. Ramachandran, Advisor to MD

          4.       Shri Sachnindra Kumar Singh, S&T Mining

 

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