MINUTES OF 25th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 23rd -24th May 2011 IN PARYAVARAN BHAWAN, CGO COMPLEX NEW DELHI.

 

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 25th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 23rd -24th May 2011 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 23rd meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 18th -19th April 2011 was confirmed with the following corrections:

(i)         Item No.8: In Project title and in all subsequent paras –an area of 101.60 ha outside the ML area” would be changed to “an area of 106.10 ha within the ML area for establishment of the 40 MTPA washery, railway loop and corridor”

 

(ii)        Item No. 21: last para, 4th line, after the words “10 MTPA” introduce the following words “(normative) and 13 MTPA (peak)”.

 

 

The agenda items were taken up as given below:

 

1.         Presentation by Shri B.P. Singh, Director (S&T) on “Continuous Mining with Active Fill Technology (CMAFT) - an Innovation in Mining” developed by Shri B. P. Singh, Director of Mines Safety,  Director-General Mines Safety, Dhanbad.

 

Shri B. P. Singh, Director made presentation on Continuous Mining with Active Fill Technology (CMAFT) and explained the benefit of this technology as given below:

 

·         100% Extraction.

·         Continuous filling of void during mining.

·         Green Mining technology-no disturbance of strata.

·         Extraction of reserve in slices from 0.6mm to 6.6 mm in thickness.

·          No Blasting – “Silent Mining Technology”

·         Extraction is possible below roads, rivers, habitation, forests without damage to the surface features.

·         Certain companies have expressed interest and have begun pilot scale operations.

 

The Committee noted that the technology would be a positive one as far as environmental conservation such as forests are concerned and desired that pilot scale studies be undertaken on the technology to assess its impact on ground water aquifer and seepage etc and on safety issues as well.

 

 

2.         Cluster XV (4 UG mines of combined prod. capacity of 0.325 MTPA with a peak production of 0.423 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1696.55 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the cluster XV consists of 4 UG mines of a combined production capacity of 0.325 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.423 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1696.55ha. River Damodar forms the southern boundary. The cluster is bounded in the east by Khudia nala, in the west by metamorphic, in the North by Barakar Formation and D.C. Railway line and in south by Raniganj formation. The land within the cluster is degraded with presence of unstable sites due to more than 100 years of mining. The cluster is drained in East by Khudia Nala flowing Southerly. Damodar River and Jamunia River are 5 km and 2 km away from proposed cluster XV. The cluster consists of 3 adjacent UG mines which are working and one closed UG mine. Out of 595 unstable sites identified in the Jharia Master Plan, 18 sites consisting of 1537 PAFs are affected due to instability of sites, however, the cluster does not have fire problems. It was informed that R&R would be implemented in 2 phases at an estimated cost of Rs. 100.36 crores. The company has identified land of 7.110 ha area for the BCCL population and an area of 27.052 ha for the non-BCCL population.  It was clarified that there is no forestland in the cluster and no additional land is to be acquired as entire operations would be UG. It was informed that cluster XV would have common transport network of railways, safe rehabilitation as per Jharia Action Plan, common and effective mitigative measures of environment pollutants and green belt can be developed all around the cluster and along the banks of Khudia nala. No forestland is involved. It was informed that the Environment Management plan for the cluster would be dovetailed with Jharia Action Plan for dealing with fire, subsidence and rehabilitation of people. The affected families will be rehabilitated in an adjacent non-coal bearing area in two phases. It was stated that no fresh acquisition of additional land is required.  It was informed that CSR would be taken up @5/T of coal produced.

 

MINES IN CLUSTER XV

 

S.No

Name of Mine

 

Production capacity (MTPA)

ML (ha)

Life of Mine (years)

Normative

Peak

 

 

1

Kharkharee Colliery Mine

0.092

0.12

584.00

>30

 

2

Madhuband  Colliery

 

0.113

0.147

393.77

>30

 

3

Phularitand Colliery

 

0.120

0.156

340.88

>30

 

4.

Dharma band  Colliery (closed for production)

0

0

377.90

-

 

Total

0.325

0.423

1696.55

-

 

 

Production in Cluster XV

 

Production level  in MTPA

 

Year

Madhuband 

UG Mine

Phularitand UG Mine

Kharkharee Colliery UG Mine

Dharmaband  Colliery UG Mine (closed for production)

1993-94

 

0.107

0.078

0.080

-

2009-2010

 

0.016

0.033

0.054

-

Peak production

0.147

0.156

0.12

-

 

 

COMBINED LAND USE OF CLUSTER-XV

S.No

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Land Use ( ha)

Post- mining Land

Use (ha)

1.

Service building/

mine infrastructure

17.36

0.00

2.

Coal dump

3.8

0.00

3.

 Road & Rail

101.67

101.67

4.

Homestead land

81.81

81.81

5.

Fallow land

352.38

352.38

6.

Plantation

12.80

604.96

7.

Water body

45.37

45.37

8.

Barren land

1081.36

510.36

 

Total

1696.55

1696.55

   Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster XV

S.N.

Parameter

Details

 

1.

Total Voids

NIL

2.

Total OB available

NIL

3.

Total Unstable Sites

18 no.

4.

Total Affected Areas

0.49km2

5.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

1537  no. as per JAP

6.

Land for Resettlement

7.104 ha (BCCL land)

27.052 ha (Non-BCCL land)

7.

Total Cost of resettlement

Rs.14002.80 lakhs

8.

Reclamation/mine closure

Additional plantation on 592.16 ha

Rs.1696.55lakhs (fund allocated for mine closures as per MOC guidelines and adopted by BCCL @Rs.1 lakhs /ha in case of UG mines)

 

9.

CSR Activities

Rs 16.25 lakhs per year

(Fund allocation for CSR as per CIL guidelines and adopted by BCCL @Rs 5/T of Coal produced).

 

10.

Environment protection

1.79 crores/Yr and @Rs 2.50/T of coal produced

 

 

The Committee also desired that transportation of coal to Madhuband washery needs to be taken up in an integrated manner. The Committee desired   that the 532 PAF’s who are  proposed to rehabilitated in Phase –II , houses be also rehabilitated in first 2-5 years i.e. in Phase-I. The Committee desired that the details of Jharia Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with EIA-EMP study report for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that R&R involving 1537 PAFs living in unstable locations within the cluster, for which the Jharia Action Plan has been formulated, should be included. Post-monitoring of R&R for its proper implementation should also be carried out by PP. The Committee also desired that a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and @Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee further desired that for monitoring of the proper implementation of CSR activity the company should create, a dedicated multidisciplinary team of local people including the social scientists/sociologists. The Committee desired that the details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report.

 

(i)         An Integrated EIA-EMP for Cluster XV (4 UG mines of combined prod. capacity of 0.325 MTPA with a peak production of 0.423 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1696.55 ha) shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of environmental quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality shall be generated on the new NAAQM Notification. Baseline data collection shall be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, details of an Action Plan for project specific R&R and CSR shall also be formulated and presented in the EIA-EMP. The Committee desired that the details of Jharia Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with EIA-EMP study report for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation.

(ii)        The Integrated EIA-EMP shall incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region (Dhanbad), which is presently critically polluted, shows discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)       The Integrated EIA-EMP Report to be prepared on a cluster approach shall cover Cluster XV (4 UG mines of combined prod. capacity of 0.325 MTPA with a peak production of 0.423 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1696.55 ha) based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(iv)       The Integrated EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Cluster No XV to cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(v)        A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

 (vi)      A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(vii)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(viii)      Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(ix)       A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(x)        A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(xi)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition. The Committee desired that the details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report.

(xii)       Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xiii)      Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xiv)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xv)      Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xvi)      Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xvii)     Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xviii)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xix)      Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xx)       Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xxi)      Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xxii)     Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxiii)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxiv)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxv)     Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxvi)    Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvii)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxviii)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxix)    Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxx)     Disaster Management Plan.

(xxxi)    Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxii)    Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  And selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxiii)   Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-

mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over form the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxiv)   Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxv)   The Committee desired  that a detailed project specific R&R Plan for the 1537 PAF’s who are  proposed to rehabilitated. R&R for Phase –II comprising of 532 PAFs houses be also rehabilitated in first 2-5 years i.e. in Phase-I.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. The Committee desired that R&R living in unstable locations within the cluster, for which the Jharia Action Plan has been formulated, should be included. Post-monitoring of R&R for its proper implementation should also be carried out by PP.

The Committee also desired that a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and @Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee further desired that for monitoring of the proper implementation of CSR activity, a dedicated team of local people including the social scientist / sociologist (male and female) and multidisciplinary people should be formed/created by company.

(xxxvi)   Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxviii) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxx)    Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. The matter of appraisal of project closed for production is for integrating the environmental concerns of the cluster.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)                The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)              The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

 

3.         Wani Coal Washery (0.6 MTPA to 2 MTPA) of M/s Indo-Unique Flame Ltd., located in Plots No.33, 34, 35, 36, MIDC Industrial Area, dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was further considered on the specific issues sought by the EAC in the meeting held in March 2011. 

 

The proponent made a presentation on the development of green belt and provided details of settling pond for water before discharge. It was informed that for reducing pollution load due to mineral transportation, transportation of washed coal would be by rail mode and transport of raw coal from mines to the washery would be by dumpers of increased capacity (30-T), and for dispatch from washery up to railway siding covering a distance of 2 km. It was also informed that a separate storm water drain, in addition to garland drains would be provided and storm water would be channelised into this drain. It was informed that 32 water sprinklers would be installed. It was informed that the capital cost of environmental control measures would be Rs 134 lakhs and the recurring cost would be Rs 33.50 Lakhs.

 

The Committee desired that mechanical sweepers of adequate capacity should be deployed in the roads within the washery premises and along the main approach roads used for transporting coal in dumpers. The Committee also desired that Rain Jet water sprinklers of adequate capacity and number should be provided and details of their installation in various operations and transfer points of the washery should be furnished. The Committee desired that names of the tree species used in greenbelt development should be provided. The Committee observed that input coal from many coalmines in Maharashtra are not of the desired quality and desired that records of ash content of coal of raw coal, washed coal and coal rejects of every despatch should be maintained and also shown on the company’s website. The Committee decided to further consider the details to be furnished in the next EAC meeting.

           

                       

4.         Jaganathpur ‘A’ Underground Coalmine Project (0.6 MTPA in an ML area of 1034 ha) of M/s West Bengal Mineral Development & Trading Corp. Ltd., located in Raniganj Coalfields, Dist. Burdwan, W.B. (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new underground coalmine of 0.6 MTPA capacity in an ML area of 1034 ha. It was informed that the entire Ml area is being acquired under Mining Rights and an area of 31.688 ha would be under Surface Rights – 1 ha for colony, 3.5 ha for dump, 0.5 ha for settling tank, 0.82 ha is for shaft and 0.260 ha for the Incline mouth, 0.80 ha for coal stockyard, 15.268 ha for infrastructure, 6.910 ha is for green belt and 1.33 ha for road diversion, 0.61 ha is for explosives/magazine. Mining would be by Board & Pillar method with blasting and SDL and also with continuous miners. Rated capacity of 0.6 MTPA would be achieved by the 6th year. Depth of mining is 600m bgl. Coal grade is B-G. An estimated 1425 m3/d of water would be required. Life of the mine is 127 years. Estimated cost of the project is Rs 450 crores. It was informed that River Ajoy flows along the northern and western boundary of the mine and controls the drainage of the area. Coal transportation would be by trucks to railway siding. It was informed that it would be difficult to delete the 69 ha of forestland from the mine operations. Preliminary letter to Forest Dept. has been sent. Mining Plan has been prepared and awaiting approval. Subsidence Study would be carried out and thereafter the extent of R&R involved would be ascertained and an R&R Plan finalised.

 

The Committee desired that forestry clearance should be furnished at the time of application for EC. Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                  An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of 0.6 MTPA over an ML area of 1034 ha addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)                The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 0.6 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)               A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)              Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)                Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)              Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the land use, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)             Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)           Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)               Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)                Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.. 

(xi)               Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)             Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)            Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)           Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)             Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)           Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)          Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)        Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)            Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)             Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)            Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)          Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)         Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)        R&R if any, then a detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxv)          Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvi)        Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxvii)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxviii)   Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

            and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxix)    Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)              After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)                The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)       The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)      The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)      Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(ix)       The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)                  Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)                Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)               Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

5.         Expn. of Coal Beneficiation Plant (2 MTPA to 4 MTPA) of M/s Global Coal & Mining Pvt. Ltd., dist. Angul, Orissa (EC based on TOR)

 

Proponent had informed the MOEF of inability to attend the meeting and requested that it may be considered in the next EAC meeting.

 

 

6.         Orient UG Mine I & II (from 0.35 MTPA to 0.87 MTPA in an ML area of 1857.24ha) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., Tehsil Brajrajnagar, Dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 11.07.2008)

 

The proponent made presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion in production from 0.35 MTPA to 0.87 MTPA (an incremental production of 0.54 MTPA) in the existing ML area of 1857.24 ha. It was informed that Orient UGP Mine 1 &2 would be carried beneath Orient UGP No.3, which is operating since 1942. Of the total ML area of 1857.24 ha, 950.429 ha is forestland, 522.728 ha is agricultural land, 111.826 ha is grazing land, 17.26 ha is surface water body, and 254.998 ha is ‘others’ (govt. land and tenancy land). Mining would be by Board & Pillar method with continuous miner. An additional one has been deployed for enhancing production. Depth of mining would be from 60-320m. Presently development of the mine is being carried out and depillaring is proposed after 25 years. It was informed that Subsidence Study has been carried out by CIMFR, Dhanbad and the predicted tensile strain of 7.98 mm/m max. was within the 20mm/m as per regulations for forest cover. Grade of coal was ‘D’. Drainage of the mine is controlled by River Ib, which flows from north to south. Hirakud Reservoir is at a distance of 12km in the buffer zone. An estimated 910 m3/d of water would be required, which includes 110 m3/d for drinking and 800 m3/d for mining. Water table was in the range of 1.30-7.62m bgl during pre-monsoon and 1.1-5m bgl during post-monsoon. Mine water discharge was 23,445 m3/d during monsoon. Balance life of the mine is 55 years. Cost of the project is Rs 277.08 crores and an additional capital investment of Rs 74 crores is required for the expansion project. A provision of Rs 535.58 lakhs has been made for env. measures and an amount of Rs 2365 lakhs or Rs 5/T of coal for CSR. The project does not involve R&R. Coal is loaded from mine face by belt conveyors and transferred to surface bunkers and dispatched to small consumers by road and to rail way siding at a distance of 1km to major consumers such as Rourkela Steel Plant and Power houses of Tamil Nadu State Electricity Board. It was informed that 950.429 ha of forestland exists in the ML area of which 868.216 ha is of Orient No.3 under which Orient No.1 &2 operates. Forestry clearance has not been obtained for mining Rights for the existing project. An application dated 11.6.2010 for Stage-I FC has been made to CCF, Forest Department, Govt. of Orissa for diversion of forest land. Public Hearing was held on 21.04.2010. Mining Plan was approved by MOC on 25.03.2009.

 

The Committee desired that the coal being transported by road be also dispatched by conveyor system to be established within 2-3 years to a common CHP and loading should be by bulk loaders. The Committee observed that the data generated on baseline environmental quality is old (2005-06) and noted that the same data has been shown for two different seasons  - pre-monsoon and post monsoon which is not realistic.  The Committee also observed that no monitoring station has been provided in the southern direction (down wind direction) which should be established. The Committee desired that a one season data which includes PM10 and PM2.5 should be collected for the same season as meteorological data and furnished. The Committee sought details of distance of Ib River (HFL) form the mine operations. The Committee also sought a detailed expenditure for CSR carried out during 2010-11 for Rs 51.04 crores and a Plan for 2011-12. The Committee sought FC for the forestland involved in the project. The Committee decided to further consider the proposal based upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

7.         Orient UG Mine No.3 (Expn. from 0.49 MTPA to 0.69 MTPA in an area of 1504.559 ha) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., in dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 14.07.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion in production from 0.49 MTPA to 0.69 MTPA) and production of 0.69 MTPA has already been reached and the proposal is for ‘regularisation’ of production. Of the total area of 1504.559 ha, 868.216 ha is forestland, 372.145 ha is agricultural land 9.20 ha is surface water body, 254.998 ha is Govt. & tenancy land. Of the total 1504.559 ha, 1421.757 ha is ML area, 56.812 ha is for infrastructure & buildings, 13.44 ha is roads, 8 ha is coal stockyard and 0.11 ha is Inclines and 4.44 ha is magazine. Mining is mechanised using Board & Pillar method including 3 additional LHDs for the expansion in production. Grade of coal is ‘D’. Subsidence study has been carried out by CIMFR, Dhanbad and the max. tensile strain of 8.06 mm/m predicted is found to be within limits (20mm/m). The total water requirement of 735 m3/d includes 630 m3/d for domestic consumption is met from mine water and IWSS and 105 m3/d for mine operations is from mine water discharge. A provision of Rs 1480 lakhs has been made for CSR. The project does not involve R&R. The major part of the mine is drained by Bachoppa stream which joins River Ib in the east. Coal would be transported by belt conveyor onto surface bunkers from where it would be dispatched directly to small consumers by road using 54 trucks of 18-T capacity, and to major consumers such as Rourkela Steel Plant and Tamil Nadu State Electricity Board and basket linkage by rail from Orient Railway Siding at a distance of 1.5 km covered by road. It was informed that application for Stage-I FC has been applied for on 11.06.2010. MOC has approved the Mining Plan on 28.08.2009. Public Hearing was held on 23.04.2010. Balance life of the mine is 40 years.

 

The Committee desired that a time-bound programme for the implementation of commitments made during Public Hearing.  The Committee observed that the data generated on baseline env. quality of air, water and noise is old (2005-06) and noted that the same data has been shown for two different seasons  - pre-monsoon and post monsoon which is not realistic.  The Committee also observed that no monitoring station has been provided in the southern direction (down wind direction) which should be established. The Committee desired that a one season data which includes PM10 and PM2.5 should be collected for the same season as met. data and furnished. The Committee desired that the coal being transported by road be also dispatched by conveyor system to be established within 2-3 years to a common CHP and loading should be by bulk loaders. The Committee also sought a Plan with time bound commitment for implementation of issues raised in the Public Hearing. The Committee sought FC for the forestland involved in the project. The Committee decided to further consider based upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

8.         Proposed Integrated Coal Washery (1.44 MTPA) & Ore Pelletisation Plant (1.20 MTPA) and Ore Beneficiation Plant (1.44 MTPA) of M/s Shree Nakoda Ispat Global Ltd., dist. Raipur, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

  Proponent did come for the presentation and the proposal was not considered in the meeting.

 

 

9.         Pelma Opencast Coalmine project (15 MTPA with a peak capacity of 20.25 MTPA in an ML area of 2512.44 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proponent informed that the project would reformulated and desired to withdraw the application since the mine has been planned with two separate quarries having a composite area of 861.59 ha and external OB dump of 522.74 ha. The present planned dump height is 120m and the maximum depth of the void is 260m. An area of 546 ha lies between the two quarries for future expansion. It was informed that the company proposes to revise the Mine Plan to ensure optimal utilisation of land, conservation of exploitation of coal reserves found between the two quarries. It was further informed that the revised Plan would also look into the issues of height of external OB dump, depth and area of mine void at the end of mine life. In view of this, the proponent requested for withdrawing of the TOR application, which was agreed to. A letter dated 31.05.2011 has also been received subsequently in the MOEF to this effect.

 

 

10.       Kartali East OCP (2.5 MTPA with a peak capacity of 3.75 MTPA in an ML area of 855.906 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Korba, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal was last considered in EAC meeting held on 30.08.2010 wherein it was decided that the various options available would be studied to reduce the overall height of the external OB dumps and to reduce the area as the forestland in non-mineralised area would be used as external OB dumps for storing OB. It was also decided that the depth of the final water body being left at the post mining stage requires to be studied and presented before the Committee for further consideration of TOR.

 

The proponent made a presentation. The proponent made a presentation and suggested two possible options.

·         In option- I, it was proposed to plan an ext. OB dump of lesser height i.e. 90 metres and 60 metres from ground level but this would require an additional 40 ha forestland for storing 31.65 Mm3 of OB as no revenue land is available.

·         For option –II, it was proposed that the external and internal dumps would be of 120 m above ground level till the end of mine life and the dump would remain barren for a period of 17 years before rehandling began. However, afforestation of this dump for 17 years would develop plantation, the felling of which would not be permitted by the Forest Dept.. It was informed that height of both external and internal OB dump if reduced to either 90 m or 60 m would reduce the depth of the water body. OB dumps would remain barren for more than 17 years and would be a source of fugitive emission and re-handling will also increase dust pollution as it would require blasting. This also places a financial burden of about Rs 406.58 Crores for costs for rehandling of OB.

 

The Committee noted that OB dumping in forest area is not a favoured option. The Committee was also of the view that OB kept without stabilisation for 17 long years is also not environmentally sound and desired that grass with small shrubs may be developed to ensure that the OB is stabilised. The Committee desired that the depth of the final void should not be more than 60-70m and a study could be initiated by an independent institution with ecological discipline.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                  An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2.5 MTPA with a peak capacity of 3.75 MTPA in an ML area of 855.906 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)                An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2.5 MTPA with a peak capacity of 3.75 MTPA in an ML area of 855.906 ha and cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 2.5 MTPA with a peak capacity of 3.75 MTPA in an ML area of 855.906 ha of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 2.5 MTPA with a peak capacity of 3.75 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)               A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)        Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)       Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)      A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)      A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)       Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)       Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)      Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)      Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)      Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)           Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)    Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)      Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)       Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxii)     Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)         Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)        Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)          Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation. The Committee noted that OB dumping in forest area is not a favoured option. The Committee was also of the view that OB kept without stabilisation for 17 long years is also not environmentally sound and desired that grass with small shrubs may be developed to ensure that the OB is stabilised. The Committee desired that the depth of the final void should not be more than 60-70m and a study could be initiated by an independent institution with ecological discipline.

(xxvi)    Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)   Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)    Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)     Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi)   Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii)    Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii)   Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv)   Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv)   In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)       Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi)     Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)        Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)       Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

11.       Kuchena Washery (5 MTPA of washed coal) of M/s Aryan Coal Beneficiation (P) Ltd., Dist. Korba, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 25.08.2008)

 

Director, MOEF informed that the proposal was recommended for EC subject to furnishing of an MOU between M/s SECL and M/s ACB India Ltd. for using the land within Kusmunda Coal Mine project of M/s SECL for establishing an overhead closed conveyor from mine pit to the railway siding for transportation of raw coal from Kusumunda OCP from where it would obtain raw coal to the washery. A letter dated 01.04.2011 has been received from the proponent that despite a number of letters to M/s SECL in this regard, no progress could be made for entering into an MOU. The proponent requested the EAC if they could be permitted to obtain the coal by trucks.

 

The matter of establishment of a closed conveyor corridor on SECL land upto the proposed Coal Washery was discussed in the presence of the representatives of M/s SECL and M/s ACB. Director (Tech.), SECL informed that SECL was planning to establish a washery of 10 MTPA capacity within its premises and hence has not considered the proposal of ACB. The EAC after discussions requested both SECL and ACB to jointly discuss the matter further on the matter of establishment of a closed conveyor corridor within the SECL land for transport of raw coal to the washery.

 

 

12.      Ashoka OCP Expn. (10 MTPA to 15 MTPA with a peak capacity of 20 MTPA and expansion in ML area from 1834.60 ha to 1916.63 ha) of M/s CCL, located in dist. Chatra, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. The proposal is for expansion of the existing OCP from 10 MTPA to 15 MTPA and expansion of ML area from 1834.60 ha to 1916.63 ha. EC was obtained for the 10 MTPA capacity OCP on 17.04.2008. Of the existing ML area of 1834.60 ha, 643.09 ha is forestland,  599.67 ha is agricultural land, 18.40 ha is wasteland, 267.35 ha is under plantation, and 89.93 ha is 89.93 ha under plantation on OB, 63.79 ha is rural settlements, 71.07 ha is active OB dumps, 10.59 ha is coal stock area, 0.22 ha is industrial settlement, and 4.50 ha is water body.  Of the additional area of 726.36 ha, 385.06 ha is forestland, 311.12 ha is agricultural land, 8.18 ha is waste land, 20.00 ha is settlements, 2 ha is water body.

 

Of the total ML area of 1916.63 ha, 1205.02 ha is quarry, 50 ha is external OB dump, 0.51 ha is diverted nala, 51.70 ha is infrastructure, 139.95 ha is railway siding, 20 ha is colony and 417.29 ha is safety zone. The land at post mining stage would consist of areas under plantation – quary (709.92 ha), and 50 ha of ext. OB dump and a water body of 325.84 ha would be created and an area of 169.26 ha of the upper benches of the quarry would be stabilised with grass. Mining method would be opencast with shovel-dumper (20%) and surface miners (80%). Max. depth of mine is 170m. The mine would be operated in two quarries. A central haul road will be provided between two quarries. It is proposed to merge the two quarries together without any barrier. Drainage is controlled by Damodar River flowing from West to East, South of project. Benti nala originates from eastern periphery of Quarry-I and joins Damodar river towards South. This nallah has already been diverted. Dambua nallah flows towards South along western side of quarry –II. Quality of coal is ‘F’ grade. Of the total OB generation of 665.42 Mm3 – 209.05 Mm3 would be from Quarry-I and 456.37 Mm3 would be from Quarry-II. It was informed that there would be no external dump in the expansion project. The height of internal dump would be raised 30m from ground level and a void of 325.84 ha (length of 2200m and breadth of 60m) originally proposed for a depth of 120 m would be reduced to 50-60m bgl at the post mining stage. Of the total 6230 m3/d of water requirement, 5610 m3/d would be from mine and 620 m3/d from the mine water of Ray Bachra UGP. It was informed that mine water will be used in washery and no water would be discharge outside. Coal is being dispatched in the present project by shovel-dumper to Railway siding, however, in the expansion project, it is proposed to dispatch coal from pit top by closed conveyor belts to the Ashoka Coal Washery to be established within the ML and thereafter the entire washed coal would be transported by rail from Ashoka Railway Siding. It was informed that establishment of a railway line has been completed and track and signal work are to be completed shortly. It was informed that in-pit crushing is not possible due to technical reasons and in pit conveyor system is also not possible. R&R involves 250 PAFs of which 200 PAFs are of the existing 10 MTPA project and the balance 50 PAFs are of the expansion project. Of these, 67 PAFs have been rehabilitated and the balance 183 PAFs would be relocated to a colony at a distance of 1.5 km. R&R would be completed by 2016-17. Balance life of the mine is 28 years. Environmental cost of the project is Rs 115 crores. CSR at Rs 5/T of coal would be implemented.

 

The Committee desired that it may be examined whether transport of coal from mine to pit top could also be by closed conveyor systems to minimise use of shovel-dumper. The Committee also desired the entire transportation of coal from mine top to the railway siding should be by closed conveyors and loading by bulk loading system. The Committee decided that issues regarding the washery would also be integrated with the working of the two mines – Ashoka OCP and Piparwar OCP and issues thereof should be furnished and presented to the EAC. The Committee recalled that the proposal for Ashoka Coal Washery was returned as it had not integrated the aspects of establishment of the pit head FBC based TPP for utilisation of coal rejects. The Committee had also decided that an application for the linked FBC based TPP should be made to MOEF for consideration of TOR. The Committee desired that a toe wall should be provided along the Damodar River to ensure that no OB or coal being transported by trucks presently is washed into the River Damodar. Similarly garland drain should be provided with interceptors along River Damodar and a settling tank to prevent effluents with coal dust from outfalling into River Damodar. The Committee desired that the matter of rehandling of OB from external OB dump to decoaled void to reduce the pit void depth to 20-30m be examined and if this is feasible, the external OB dump requiring rehandling and backfilling after 17 years, should be planted with grass and small shrubs for stabilisation. The Committee sought a copy of the FC for the forestland for the existing project and for the expansion project to be furnished at the time of EC. The Committee also desired that a detailed project specific R&R Action Plan along with schedule of implementation of R&R for the 250 PAFs be prepared and presented. The Committee noted that the area is a water scarce area and impact of high capacity mines such as Piparwar-Ashoka of a combined capacity of 30-35 MTPA on the long-term impacts on groundwater regime requires to be studied. The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

13.       Sakhri-Irwati (Pauni-III) OCP (1.25 MTPA normative and 1.55 MTPA peak in an ML area of 821.84 ha) of M/s WCL, located in dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal was earlier considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held in January 2011, wherein the proponent was requested to consider the possibility of backfilling Pauni-III OCP and reduce the number of ext. OB dumps. The proponent informed that internal dumping has been proposed to start from 6th year (4th year of quarry operation).The quantity of OB to be backfilled would gradually increase from 6thyear onwards to 16th and 17th year and from the 20th year there would be no external dumping of OB. The fluctuation in internal dumping schedule is due to presence of number of faults within ML boundary/quarry area and for maintaining a safe distance from the main haul road to avoid danger to life and machinery. It was also informed that Pauni I and II were separated by a 100m fault and therefore, entry from Pauni-II was not feasible. The EAC was also informed that rehandling of external OB after completion of mining is also not presently envisaged because of scope of further extension of mine boundary in strike direction in future.

 

The Committee desired that the proponent must examine the use of Pauni-II voids for OB generated from Pauni-III while preparing the EIA-EMP. The Committee also suggested an integrated approach for the Pauni-I, II and III mines in terms of OB management and disposal, mine reclamation and closure and restoration be taken and a Working plan be prepared and presented to the Committee when the EC application is made. The Committee also desired that an application for Stage-I FC would be required.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Sakhri-Irwati (Pauni-III) OCP (1.25 MTPA normative and 1.55 MTPA peak in an ML area of 821.84 ha) based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006. The Committee desired that the proponent must examine the use of Pauni-II voids for OB generated from Pauni-III while preparing the EIA-EMP. The Committee also suggested an integrated approach for the Pauni-I, II and III mines in terms of OB management and disposal, mine reclamation and closure and restoration be taken and a Working plan be prepared and presented to the Committee when the EC application is made. The Committee also desired that an application for Stage-I FC would be required.

(ii)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.55 MTPA peak  rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.55 MTPA peak of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.55 MTPA peak. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)     Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                     

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)  Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)  Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii) Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii) Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi) Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii)Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

The following general points should be noted:

 

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)      The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)    The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)        Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)       Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

14.       Durgapur Extn. (Deep) (expansion from 2.30 MTPA to 3 MTPA and expansion in ML area of 1354.84 ha to 1645.82 ha) of M/s WCL, dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 12.06.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project was accorded EC on 20.03.2007 for 2.30 MTPA in an ML area of 1354.64 ha. The present project is for expansion in ML area by an additional 410.96 ha in extension project (Deep) to 1645.82 ha. Of the total 364.92 ha of forestland, forestry clearance has been obtained for 217.31 ha.

 

Landuse details of existing and expansion project

S.N.

Landuse

Existing Project

Additional Land reqd. for expansion project

Total land in Expansion project

1.

Agricultural land

872.14

223.61

1095.75

2.

Govt. land

157.93

27.22

185.15

3.

Forestland

324.57

40.35

364.92

TOTAL

1354.64

291.18

1645.82

 

A seasonal nala flows through the ML at a distance of 0.3 km. Some portion of the project area buffer zone intercepts with the buffer zone of the Tadoba-Andheri Tiger Reserve (TATR). Of the total ML area, 370 ha is for excavation, 577.83 ha is for external OB dump, 45 ha is for infrastructure, 25 ha is for road diversion, 92.57 ha is for blasting zone, 102 ha is for township/colony, 100 ha is for green cover/undisturbed area developed with plantation and 284.25 ha is for future expansion of quarry. Mining is opencast using shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate mine depth is 152m. Grade of coal E-F. An estimated 156.41 Mm3 of OB is generated over the life of the mine of which 74.05 Mm3 is stored in ext. OB dump over an area of 205.08 ha and the balance 82.36 Mm3 is backfilled. The total cost of the balance project is Rs 42.9818 crores. Balance life of the OC mine is 14 years. The total water requirement for the project is 4350 m3/d of which 700 m3/d is for township, 45 m3/d is for drinking, 100 m3/d is for miscellaneous use, 1050 m3/d is for fire fighting, 2455 m3/d is for dust suppression. The groundwater table is in the range of 8.72-10m bgl during pre-monsoon and in the range of 3.32-5.5m bgl during post-monsoon. R&R involves 450 PAFs for the 3 villages – Sinha, Navegaon and Masala Tukum. Transportation of the entire coal production of 9090 TPD would be by aerial ropeway. The main consumer is MAHAGENCO. Public Hearing was held on 30.10.2009.

 

The Committee desired that the water requirement details require to be reduced and the requirement for fire-fighting is to be shown separately and not as a daily requirement. The Committee observed that the land use details provided for mine operations is not clear (tallying) and require to be rechecked. The Committee desired that details of land use of the present project, actual land acquired, and land to be acquired and also in terms of mine operations be furnished in a tabular form. The Committee desired that it may be examined whether the external OB dump could be reduced to 205.08 ha by increasing the existing active external OB dump height and it may also be examined whether the OB could be backfilled into the void. The Committee sought a project specific R&R Plan. The Committee desired that it may be examined whether the forestland in the extension area could be deleted. The Committee after discussion decided that approval/no-objection of the National Tiger Conservation Authority is required for further consideration. The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

15.       Cluster 4 (consisting of 3 Mines of a combined prod. capacity of 1.23 MTPA and a peak prodn. of 1.32 MTPA in a combined ML area of 3339.91 ha) of M/s ECL located in Raniganj Coalfields, dist. Burdwan, West Bengal (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that Cluster 4 consists of 3 mines - Khoirabad UG Mine, Gaurandih UG mine with OC patch and Mohanpur OCP and is located in the north-western part of the Raniganj Coalfield about 4 km north of Asansol town. The total combined ML area is 3339.91 ha with production capacity 1.23 MTPA normative and 1.32 MTPA (peak). The cluster has a number of abandoned quarries from pre-nationalisation period which have turned into water bodies used by local communities. Small unstable areas within the cluster have been identified for relocation. Working quarry at Gaurandih is exhausted and requires backfilling and reclamation. The total combined land area is 3339.91 ha. It was informed that the cluster was recast to include Mohanpur OCP so that OB from Mohanpur OCP could be used to fill up some of abandoned mines/pits within the leasehold of the UG mines. There are two road diversions proposed - DB Road (Gaurandih –Damohani) up to 700m and DB Road (Amidha more) 300m outside the ECL leasehold area. No forest land is involved in the project. It was stated that there would be no external OB dump and backfilling of abandoned pits would be done and the land may be returned back for paddy cultivation during the post mining stage. The details of land use of the cluster are given below:

 

MINES IN CLUSTER –4

 

S.N.

Name of Mine

 

Production capacity

(MTPA)

ML

(ha)

Life of Mine

(years)

Normative

Peak

 

 

1

Khoirabad UG Mine

0.180

0.240

697.00

>50

 

2

Gaurandih OC& UG

 

0.050

0.080

2478.0

>50

 

3

Mohanpur OCP

 

1.000

1.000

164.91

9

 

          Total

1.23

 

1.32

3339.91

-

 


            Production in Mines of Cluster-4

Year

2006-07

2007-08

2009-10

2009-10

 

Khoirabad UG Mine

 

0.10

0.12

0.16

0.08

Gaurandih OC& UG

 

0.053

0.071

0.038

0.014

Mohanpur OCP

 

0.41

0.22

0.34

0.067

TOTAL

0.463

0.411

0.538

0.764

 

 

LAND USE OF CLUSTER- 4

S.N

 Land Use

Area (ha)

 

1

Working Quarry

36

2

Cultivable waste land

1320

3

Village/Basti

383

4

Tanks/Water bodies

92

5

Danga/Wasteland

520

6

OB Dump

27

7

Plantation/Vegetation

224

8

Built up area

72

9

 Infrastructure including colony

665

 

Total

3340

 

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Proposed Opencast mine in Cluster 4           

S.No

Mine Lease hold area

Area

Peak  capacity

life

Available reserve

1.

Gaurandih ’D’

(within cluster 4)

17  ha

1.0 MTY

4 years

2.2 MT

2.

Gaurandih Begunia Phase-I

50 ha

2.0MTY

4Years

10.4 MT

 

            Working quarries in Cluster 4

S.N

Mine

No. of voids

Area of excavation (ha)

Backfilled area (ha)

Average depth (m)

Total area of OB dump (ha)

1.

Mohanpur

1

23.0

16.0

120

20.0

2.

Gaurandih

2

13.0

-

65

5.00

Total

3

36

16

 

25

 

 

 

Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster 4

S.N.

Parameter

Details

 

1.

Total Unstable Sites

05

2.

Total Affected Areas

11.91km2

3.

No. of population to be rehabilitated

556   no. as per RAP

4.

CSR Activities

Rs 0.5 crores per year

(Fund allocation for CSR as per CIL guidelines and adopted by BCCL @Rs 5/T of Coal produced.

5.

Environment protection

0.7 crores/Yr and @Rs 7/T of coal produced

The Committee desired that an integrated coal evacuation system should be established for the entire cluster.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

 (i)        An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 6 mines in Cluster 6 as above consisting of Cluster 4 (3 Mines of a combined prod. capacity of 1.23 MTPA and a peak prodn. of 1.32 MTPA in a combined ML area of 3339.91 ha) - status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, the Committee desired that the PAPs living in unstable locations within the cluster should be rehabilitated. The details of Raniganj Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with the EIA-EMP study for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that subsided areas should be reclaimed with plantation. The details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report.

(ii)        The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region, which is presently critically polluted, and show by implementation of the Env. Action Plan the discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Raniganj Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)        Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)       Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)      A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)      A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)       Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)       Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view that Asansol is a critically polluted area

(xiii)      Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on

the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)      Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)      Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)     Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)      Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)       Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxii)     Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)    Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)    Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster.

(xxv)     Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)    Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii)   Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Raniganj Action Plan for Cluster 4 Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Raniganj Action Plan.

(xxviii)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix)    Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)     Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii)    Details of R&R in Raniganj Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. R&R package has been prepared for the 11 unstable sites within the cluster 4 as part of Raniganj Action Plan for dealing fire, subsidence and rehabilitation.

The Committee desired that CSR@ Rs 5/T of coal produced amounting to Rs 1.5 crores/annum should be prepared. The Committee further desired that for monitoring the proper implementation of CSR activity, a dedicated multidisciplinary team of local people of mixed age group including a sociologist should be created by the company. 

(xxxiii) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxiv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvii)  Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

(xxxviii) Grant of EC for the closed mines would be reviewed at the time of application for EC.

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)             The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)           The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issues raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

(ix)       The aforesaid TOR is valid for 2 years only from date of issue.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)        Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)       Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

16.       Cluster 8 (consisting of 7 mines of a combined rated capacity of 1.279 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 2.452 MTPA in a combined ML area of 8281 ha) of M/s ECL, located in Raniganj Coalfields, dist. Burdwan, West Bengal (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Cluster 8 consists of 7 underground mines from pre-nationalisation period of a combined rated capacity of 1.279 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 2.452 MTPA in a combined ML area of 8281 ha. The cluster is located in the western portion of Raniganj coalfields, North of Asansol Township.  Cluster 8 is bounded by non coal-bearing area on the north and east. Working mines are present both to the west and south flanking the cluster. River Damodar forms the boundary of cluster on the South. One mine, namely, Satgram UG Mine obtained EC. It was informed that no forestland is involved. It was stated that there are 18 unstable sites involving 46,387 PAPs, which is to be addressed in the Raniganj Action Plan in two phases – 7 sites in Ph.I and 11 sites in Ph. II. Underground mining would be by stowing and not caving and hence subsidence is not anticipated. All the mines of the cluster are abandoned mines. The details of the cluster of mines are given below:

 

MINES IN CLUSTER NO. – 8

 

S.N

Name of Mine

 

Production capacity

(MTPA)

ML (ha)

Life of Mine

(years)

Normative

Peak

 

 

1

Bhanora UG Mine

0.2

0.3

1330

>20

 

2

Girmint/KDI UG Mine

0.04

0.65

1981

>50

 

3

Sirpur UG Mine

0.014

0.024

2338

>20

 

4.

Sirpur Seam Incline UG Mine

0.105

0.136

279

>25

5.

Ningah UG Mine

 

0.040

0.100

1072

>50

6.

Mithapur UG Mine

 

0.030

0.042

527

>50

7.

Satgram UG Mine

0.85

1.200

754

>30

 

 

Total

1.279

2.452

8281

-

 

                                                  

            Production in Mines of Cluster-8

Year

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2009-10

2009-10

 

Total

0.37

0.35

0.32

0.26

0.23

 

The Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster- 8

S.N.

Parameter

Details

1.

Total Unstable Sites

18

2.

Total Affected Areas

71.41 Ha

3.

Affected Population PAP’S

46387

4.

Total  resettlement Cost

As per Master Plan for RCF

5

CSR

1 crore /annum or Rs. 5/T of coal

6.

Environmental management

1.5 crores /annum or Rs 7/T of coal

 

Landuse of Cluster 8

S.N.

 Land Use

Area (ha)

 

1

Colliery infrastructure

162.00

2

Tanks/Water bodies

544.81

3

Cultivable/Fallow

4885.73

4

Danga/Wasteland

1186.20

5

Settlement /Village/Basti

382.00

6

Road & Railways

65.33

7

Plantation/vegetation

456.00

8

Built up area

500.93

9

others

162.00

 

 

Total

8345

 

The Committee desired that the matter of R&R from unstable sites and reclamation of old abandoned mines for future mining should be dovetailed with Raniganj Action Plan. The Committee also desired that the issues of coal evacuation, mine reclamation and R&R should be taken up in an integrated manner, including for mine which obtained EC and forms a part of the cluster. The Committee also desired that a detailed management of groundwater is required and water provided for drinking should meet the prescribed standards. The Committee recommended that a monitoring mechanism should be put in place for implementation of CSR.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

 (i)        An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of Cluster 8 (consisting of 7 mines of a combined rated capacity of 1.279 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 2.452 MTPA in a combined ML area of 8281 ha) - status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, the Committee desired that the PAPs living in unstable locations within the cluster should be rehabilitated. The details of Raniganj Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with the EIA-EMP study for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that subsided areas should be reclaimed with plantation. The details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report. The Committee also desired that the issues of coal evacuation, mine reclamation and R&R should be taken up in an integrated manner, including for mine which obtained EC and forms a part of the cluster.

(ii)        The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region, which is presently critically polluted, and show by implementation of the Env. Action Plan the discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Raniganj Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)        Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)       Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)      A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)      A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)       Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)       Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view that Asansol is a critically polluted area

(xiii)      Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on

the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)      Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)      Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)     Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)      Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)       Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxii)     Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)    Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)    Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster.

(xxv)     Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)    Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii)   Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Raniganj Action Plan for Cluster 8 Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Raniganj Action Plan.

(xxviii)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix)    Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)     Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi)    Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii)    Details of R&R in Raniganj Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. R&R package has been prepared for the 11 unstable sites within the cluster involving 24741 PAPs as part of Raniganj Action Plan for dealing fire, subsidence and rehabilitation.

The Committee desired that CSR@ Rs 5/T of coal produced amounting to Rs 1.5 crores/annum should be prepared. The Committee recommended that a monitoring mechanism should be put in place for implementation of CSR. The Committee further desired that for monitoring the proper implementation of CSR activity, a dedicated multidisciplinary team of local people of mixed age group including a sociologist should be created by the company. 

(xxxiii) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxiv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvi)   Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

(xxxvii)  Grant of EC for the closed mines would be reviewed at the time of application for EC.

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issues raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

(ix)       The aforesaid TOR is valid for 2 years only from date of issue.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)        Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)       Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

17.       Malkhera Coal Washery (1.5 MTPA normative, 2 MTPA peak) of M/s S&T Mining located at village Malkhera, Dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 10.09.2009 and modified on 29.07.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the company is a JV consisting of M/s Tata Steel and M/s SAIL.  The proposal is for establishing a 3-product coking coal washery of a peak capacity of 1.5 MTPA (normative) and 2 MTPA (ROM) (peak) of coking coal. The total land requirement for the washery is 6.7 ha and is located in a land in possession with M/s Tata Steel, wherein an operational railway siding already exists and is being currently operated by M/s Tata Steel. Sources of raw coal are CCL and BCCL mines. Of the total land area of 6.7 ha, area for storage of raw coal & handling is 1.5 ha, washery building is 0.5 ha, coal storage 7 handling is 1.5 ha, internal roads is 1.2 ha, infrastructure is 0.5 ha and green belt is 1.5 ha. Technology used is separation by gravity by deploying Jigs/HM cyclone and Slurried Teetered Bed Separator (TBS) which minimises the use of magnetite and improves the yield of coal. The ash content of raw (input) coal is 34-35% and the yield of clean coal is 0.54 MTPA of an ash content of 15-18%, which would be used in the steel plants of Tata Steel and SAIL at Jamshedpur, Bokaro, Bhilai, Rourkela and Durgapur. Middling yielding 0.68 MTPA of an ash content of 34-39% would be utilised in the TPPs of SAIL in Bokaro. Coal rejects of 0.28 MTPA with an ash content of 60% or more would be sent by rail to FBC based TPP of M/s Inland Power Ltd. which is building a 2x63 MW CFBC TPP at Gola, dist. Ramgarh, Jharkhand, at distance of 70 km.

 

S.N.

Yield (MTPA)

Input Coal

Ash Content (%)

 1.5 MTPA

2 MTPA

1.

Clean coal

0.54

0.71

15-18

2.

Middling

0.68

0.91

34-39

3.

Coal Rejects

0.28

0.38

60 or more

 

Almost the entire coal evacuation (raw, clean, middling and coal rejects) would be by rail. The capacity of the existing railway siding is being augmented to handle the scale of washery operations/requirements. An estimated 9000 m3/d of water would be used in the washery and sourced from Behlatand and Sijua mines of Tata Steel located at a distance of 1km and 2.5 km respectively. The washery operation is based on the concept of zero-discharge. In case of emergency, water from River Katri may be utilised. Public hearing was held on 04.04.2011. It was informed that the storm water would be treated in sedimentation tanks for settling suspended solids such as fines and other material, oil and grease trap and an aeration tank provided before discharge. It was informed that mechanical sweepers would be deployed in the internal roads and in the main transportation roads. It was informed that the proposed budget for pollution control measures would be Rs 595 lakhs.

 

The Committee desired that rainwater harvesting may be taken up within and nearby areas. The Committee desired that the nearby roads not owned by the company but used for the project should be blacked topped and its maintenance including regular black topping including development of a 3-tier avenue plantation be taken up along roads, and at various areas of the washery such as the stockyard and at loading and transfer points and along roads outside the washery under CSR. The Committee also desired that water sprinkling arrangements should be in operation at all loading/transfer points. The Committee desired that the water quality analysis of groundwater and surface water be got done by an independent laboratory recognised/approved under EPA Rules and furnished to EAC. The Committee desired that the details of the innovative technology which has been adopted for this washery be circulated to the EAC members for their information. The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

Any Other Issue with the Permission of the Chair

 

The Committee observed that while appraising the coal projects of Coal India companies and EIA-EMP Reports of non-CIL companies with captive coal blocks, prepared based on Mining Plans approved by the Ministry of Coal, it was noted that PRs being presently prepared by CMPDI for CIL projects and Mining Plans being approved by MOC for non-CIL projects, do not consider the various options in terms of selection of technologies, mining methods, which incorporate the environmental and socio-economic concerns. The Committee desired that issues of ecological considerations such as post-mining land use, habitat restoration, planning for sequential mining and backfilling of mine or a group of adjoining mines vis-à-vis requirements of creation of external OB dumps, etc require to be factored in while preparing the Project Reports (PRs) of CIL companies and in the Mining Plans approved by MOC for non-CIL companies. The Committee desired that these very important issues may be taken up by the MOEF with MOC.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the chair.

 

*           *           *

 

 

 


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 25th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 23rd & 24th MAY 2011 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

 

 

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1.         Shri V.P. Raja                                                                            Chairman

 

2.         Prof. C.R. Babu                                                                          Vice-Chairman

 

3.         Shri T.K. Dhar                                  ……                                        Member

 

4.         Shri J.L. Mehta                                                                           Member

 

5.         Prof. G.S. Roonwal                                                                     Member

 

6.         Dr. S.D. Attri, Scientist, IMD                                                           Member

 

7.         Dr. T. Chandini                                         ..                                  Scientist F MOEF

 

8.         Dr. Rubab Jaffer                                                         Scientist B, MOEF

 

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In addition, Shri D.N.Prasad, Director, MOC attended the meeting on both days.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 25th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 23rd & 24th MAY 2011 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

 

1.         Shri B.P. Singh, Director (S&T), DGMS, Dhanbad.

 

2.         M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.

            1.         Dr. E.V.R. Raju, Sr. Manager, M/s BCCL

            2.         Dr.R.K.Sinha, Chief Manager, BCCL

            3.         Shri V.K. Sinha, Regional Director, CMPDI

            4.         Shri Amit Roy, Sr. Manager, CMPDI

 

3.         M/s Indo-Unique Flame Ltd.

            1.         Shri Ajay R. Rathi, CEO

            2.         Shri Raghavacharyulu, Bhagavathi Ana Labs

            3.         Sh. P. Shukla, Indo-Unique Flame.

 

4.         M/s West Bengal Mineral Development & Trading Corp. Ltd.

            1.         Shri V.K.Srivastava, Sr. GM

            2.         Shri Arun Acharya, Asst. Mining Engr

            3.         Shri S.Hazarika, Manager

            4.         Shri A.K. Mukherjee, Consultant

            5.         Shri Ajit Prasad Chatterjee, DGM (Geol.)

 

5.         M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri A.K.Tewari, Director (Tech.)

2.         Shri A.K.Samantaray, Sr. Manager

3.         Shri C.Jayadev, Sr.Manager, MCL

4.         Shri B.C.Tripathy, GM, MCL

5.         Shri A.Singh, CMPDI

6.         Shri S.Roy Choudhary, GM (Orient)         

            7.         Shri K.S.Ganapathy, Chief Manager, CMPDI

            8.         Sh. S.M.Dash,

 

6.         M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri Gopal Singh, Dir. (Tech.)

            2.         Shri M.Bhattacharya, GM, Env.

            3.         Shri S.C.Shankar, Sr.Manager, SECL

            4.         Shri R.D.Biswas, CMPDI

            5.         Dr.Subba Rao, Chief. Hydrogeologist, CMPDI

 

7.         M/s Aryan Coal Beneficiation (P) Ltd.

            1.         Shri R.K.Khanna, ACB

            2.         Shri Pratap Reddy, ACB

            3.         Dr.Marisha Sharma, MINMEC

 

8.         M/s Central Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri Sumit Ghosh, CGM (E&F), CCL

            2.         Shri B.K.Sharma, Chief Manager, CCL

            3.         Shri V.K.Rai, CMPDI

            4.         Shri Uma Shankar, GM Mining, CMPDI

            5.         Shri Pushkar, Sr.Manager, CMPDI

 

9.         M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri K.Chakravorty, GM (Env.)

            2.         Shri A.C.Ray, GM (Env.), CMPDI

            3.         Shri S.K.Jagnania, CMPDI

            4.         Shri P.A.Chouwgule, Chief Manager, CMPDI

 

10.       M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

            1.         Shri N.Kumar, Dir (Tech.), ECL

            2.         Shri B.N.Basu, CMPDI

            3.         Shri Anand Shekhar, CMPDI

            4.         Shri Raakesh Pandit, GM (Env.), ECL

 

11.       M/s S&T Mining

            1.         Shri Sandeep Kumar, MD, S&T Mining

            2.         Shri Chanakya Choudhary, Chief Res. Executive, Tata Steel

            3.         Shri Gautam Senapati, S&T Mining

            4.         Shri A.K.Pandey, SAIL

            5.         Shri Shishir Kuamr, Crystal Consultants

            6.         Shri S.B.Singhal, Crytal Consultants

 

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