MINUTES FOR 10th MEETING OF THE RECONSTITUTED EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (INDUSTRY-1) HELD DURING 17th–18th May, 2010

 

VENUE:Tagore Hall, SCOPE CONVENTION CENTRE, Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi

 

1.0       Opening Remarks of the Chairman

 

2.0       Minutes of 9th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 7th–8th April, 2010 were confirmed.

 

3.0          Consideration of the Projects

 

17th May, 2010

 

4.0       New Proposals :

 

4.1          Expansion of Steel Plant [Sinter (2,62,000 TPA), Mini Blast Furnace, Steel (2,50,000 TPA), Rolling mill (2,25,000 TPA)] and Captive Power Plant (16 MW) at Village Barahamusa, Taluk Bonai, District Sundergarh, Orissa by M/s Surendra Mining Industries (P) Ltd. (EC)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 88th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 11th -12th December, 2008 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the primary metallurgical industries are kept under S. N. 3 (a) of EIA Notification, 2006 and will be appraised at Central level. 

                

Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Surendra Mining Industries (P) Ltd. has proposed to expand its steel plant at Village Barahamusa, Taluk Bonai, District Sundargarh, Orissa. Existing DRI plant was installed in 2006. Total land required for the proposed expansion will be 200 acres, of which 130 acres is already acquired and 70 acres is under acquisition. Amruhi RF, Rakshi RF, Burha Pahar RF, Pangoli RF are located at 7-8 km from the project site. No national parks/wildlife sanctuary is located within 10 km. During presentation, PAs have submitted a copy of letter from DFO, Bonai Division, State Forest Department issued vide letter no. 2098/6F dated 15th April, 2009 indicating that there may be some impact on the surrounding reserve forests due to expansion of the project. River Baitarani is situated at a distance of 1.5 kms from the plant site in east direction. Total cost of the proposed expansion will be Rs. 645.53 Crores is enhanced to Rs. 647.54 Crores. Rs. 33.60 Crores and Rs. 0.40 Crores will be earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures instead of Rs. 34.00 Crores and Rs. 0.80 Crores proposed earlier.    Following will be the existing and proposed facilities from the proposed plant:

 

Units

Existing Capacity (TPA)

Proposed Capacity (TPA)

Total Capacity

(TPA)

DRI (2x100 TPD)

62,000

--

62,000/60,000

Sinter (1x28 m2)

--

2, 62,000

2,62,000/2,68,000/3,00,000

Mini Blast Furnace (200 m3)

--

2,24,000

2,24,000/22,24,000/2,31,000

SMS (IF-2x15 T, EAF-1x25/30T, LRF-2x30T, Concast-1x3 Strand)

--

2,50,000

2,50,000/2,40,000

Rolling Mill

--

2,25,000

2,25,000/2,10,000

Captive Power Plant

            WHRB-2x12 t

            FBC-1x 40 tph

            BF Gas fired Boiler- 1x25 tph

--

16 MW

16 MW

 

               However, during presentation, PAs informed that following will be the configuration of existing and proposed facilities from the proposed plant:

 

Units

Existing Capacity (TPA)

Proposed Capacity (TPA)

Total Capacity

(TPA)

DRI (2x100 TPD)

62,000

--

62,000

Sinter (1x28 m2)

--

2,62,000

2,62,000

Mini Blast Furnace (200 m3)

--

2,24,000

2,24,000

SMS (IF-2x15 T, EAF-1x30T, LRF-2x30T, Concast-1x3 Strand)

--

2,50,000

2,50,000

Rolling Mill

--

2,10,000

2,10,000

Captive Power Plant

            WHRB-2x12 t

            AFBC-1x 40 tph

            BF Gas fired Boiler- 1x25 tph

--

16 MW

16 MW

Coal washery

 

100 TPH

100 TPH

 

As per EIA/EMP report, additional unit i.e. SAF (Ferro Alloy, 25,000 TPA) and coal washery / beneficiation unit was proposed. During presentation, PAs have confirmed that no submerged arc furnace (SAF) will be installed to manufacture ferro alloy and only coal washery (100 TPH) will be added.  

 

Raw materials required for the proposed expansion will be Iron ore (DR grade, 1,01,000 TPA; BF grade, 1,02,000 TPA; Sinter grade, 2,49,200 TPA), Limestone (52,500 TPA), Dolomite (51,430 TPA), Non-coking Coal (1,06,000 TPA), BF Coke (1,37,000 TPA), Mn Ore (4,480 TPA), Quartzite (6,700 TPA), Coke Fines (9,000 TPA), Burnt Dolo (6,000 TPA), Ferro alloy (increased from 48,000 TPA to 82,407 TPA), Sponge Iron (increased from 78,000 TPA to 97,863 TPA) and Pet coke (7,200 TPA).  PAs informed that source of coke will be decided later on.

 

Sinter manufacture process will involve crushing of flux and fuel, mixing of constituents, nodulising, ignition of Sinter mix using BF gas in the hearth followed by cooling and screening.  In the blast furnace, the solid burden charged will be smelted by the hot blast and the hot metal will be tapped through an iron notch into ladle and slag through slag notch. For casting the hot metal into cold pigs, a single strand Pig Casting Machine will be installed. Hot metal, scrap and DRI will be melted in Electric Arc Furnace. Scrap and cold pig will be charged and melted in the Induction Furnace. After melting of the charge, DRI fines mash will be continuously charged with small amount of coke dust/pet coke till the furnace is full with molten metal. Slag is continuously scooped out. The molten metal from both EAF and IF will be tapped into a ladle and taken to LRF for refining and subsequently to the Continuous Casting Machine for casting the billet. Captive power plant will comprise of a waste heat boiler, fluidized bed combustion boiler and BF gas fired boiler.

 

Ambient air quality monitoring was carried out at 8 locations during December, 2008–February, 2009 and submitted data indicated the levels of SPM (75 – 125 ug/m3), RSPM (34–53 ug/m3), SO2 (8-15 ug/m3) and NOx (9-29 ug/m3). The submitted data indicated incremental SPM (18.505 µg/m3), SO2 (48.474 µg/m3) and NOX (12.825 µg/m3) which are within the permissible limit.

 

Dust extraction system comprising of suction hood, duct work, ESP, fans and stack will be provided to DR waste heat boiler, Sinter Plant, Blast Furnace, Steel Melt Shop (SMS), DRI screening plant, Ore screening & Coal crushing plant etc.  BF will be provided with dust catcher followed by a two-stage venturi system for final cleaning. Flue gases from DRI plant will be passed through After Burning Chamber (ABC) and then subsequently taken to unfired furnace chamber, super heater, convective evaporator and economizer before being discharged to atmosphere through ESP and chimney. Flue gases from FBC will pass over heat transfer surfaces to ESP and then finally vented to atmosphere through a chimney by ID fans. Dust suppression system will be provided at different conveyor transfer points in raw material handling area. Dust extraction system comprising of suction hood, duct, bag filter, fan, stack will be provided to ore screening section.

 

During presentation, PAs have clarified that total water requirement for proposed unit from the River Brahmani will be 360 m3/hr and water requirement for existing unit is 30 m3/hr and permission for the drawl of water is obtained from Water Resource Department, Govt. of Orissa.  PAs have also obtained NOC for drawl of 364 m3/day ground water from Central Ground Water Board vide letter no. 21-4(35)/SER/CGWA/ 2008/88 dated 1st May, 2008. ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted. Underflow sludge from clarifloculaters will be collected and will be pumped to sludge pond. Regeneration waste from water treatment plant will be neutralized before discharge from the plant. Blow down water will be reused in the plant. Oil & Grease will be removed from the contaminated water. Rain water harvesting structure will be installed.

 

Currently, char generated from DRI kiln is being sold to different customers.  However, after expansion, the char or coal fines will be reused in FBB boiler for power generation. Coal fines generated during crushing will partly be sold and rest will be dumped in separate area. Accretion and lumpy waste will be sent for landfill. Fly ash from AFBC and WHRB will be used in cement manufacture, brick making and road making. Bottom ash from AFBC will be used in brick and road making.  BF Slag will be for slag cement production. Dedusting dust from blast furnace, SMS, sinter plant will be used in sinter making. SMS slag will be used for road making. Mill scale from rolling mill will be recycled to SMS. Dust collected from ESP and bag filters will be transported to nearby technological material handling system. Used oil generated will be burnt alongwith coal. Slag from SAF will be used as ballast for road making. A copy of letter dated 15.04.2010 issued by M/s Arpita Enterprises, M/s Sanjay Concrete Pipe & Products and Utkal Plaster Pvt. Ltd  indicating requirement of 17,000 MTPA of fly ash and bottom ash for their fly ash brick plant.

 

            PAs confirmed that green belt will be developed in 27.11 ha (33%) out of total 80.94 ha. Acoustic enclosures, silencers, selection of low noise equipment, isolation of noisy equipment from working personnel. Ear muffs/plugs will be provided to employees working in high noise zones.  Maximum power requirement (46 MW) will be met from Captive Power Plant (16 MW) and public supply (30 MW). High Speed Diesel will be used as fuel.  Light diesel oil (LDO) will be used as fuel for start-up of kilns. 23,000 TPA of Oxygen will be used in Billet production. Nitrogen will be used in liquid steel for rinsing purpose. Acetylene will be required in rolling mill, SMS and BF for cutting/autogeneous needs. LPG will be used in Sinter plant for upgrading fuel value of BF gas and also for enriching of blast air to BF.

 

            Public hearing/Public consultation meeting was conducted by the Orissa Pollution Control Board on 6th November, 2009. The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the public hearing including local employment, drinking water supply, pollution control measures, development activities, solid waste etc. and have satisfactorily been incorporated in the final EIA/EMP report.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee has recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions :

 

1.    Compliance to all the specific and general conditions stipulated for the existing plant(s) by the Central/State Govt. should be ensured and regular reports submitted to the Ministry and its Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.

 

2.    Adequate air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), gas cleaning plant, dust catcher, ventury scrubber, bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 and by installing energy efficient technology.   

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

4.    Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled as per Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed.

 

5.    Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

6.    Total water requirement from the River Brahmani should not exceed 360 m3/hr as per the permission accorded by the Central Ground Water Board vide letter no. 21-4(35)/SER/CGWA/ 2008/88 dated 1st May, 2008.

 

7.    The water consumption should not exceed as per the standards prescribed for the steel plants.

 

8.    All the char from DRI plant should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.  All the blast furnace (BF) slag should be granulated and provided to cement manufacturers for further utilization. Mill scale from rolling mill should be recycled to SMS only.

 

9.    Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003 and 2010.

 

10.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

11.  Prior permission from the State Forest Department should be taken regarding likely impact of the expansion of the proposed steel plant on the reserve forests. Measures should be taken to prevent impact of particulate emissions / fugitive emissions, if any from the proposed plant on the surrounding reserve forests viz. Amruhi RF, Rakshi RF, Burha Pahar RF, Pangoli RF located within 10 km radius of the project. Further, Conservation Plan for the conservation of wild fauna in consultation with the State Forest Department should be prepared and implemented.

 

12.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 6th November, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar..

 

13.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.  Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.2          Mini Integrated Steel Plant alongwith Captive Power Plant (8 MW) at Khatian No. 90, Village Marhand, P. O. Lila Nagar, District Hazaribag, Jharkhand by M/s Jharkhand Sales Agencies Pvt. Ltd.  (EC)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 90th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 6th-8th January, 2009 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the primary metallurgical industries are kept under S. N. 3 (a) of EIA Notification, 2006 and will be appraised at Central level. 

                

Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Jharkhand Sales Agencies Pvt. Ltd. has proposed to set up a Mini Integrated Steel Plant alongwith Captive Power Plant (8 MW) at Khatian No. 90, Village Marhand, P. O. Lila Nagar, District Hazaribag, Jharkhand. Total land required will be 15 acres.  Hazaribag is 10 km away from the project site. No national park and wild life sanctuary is located within 10 km radius of the project site. Barkagaon Reserve Forest and Jorakath Reserve Forest is located at 9 Km.  Total cost of the proposed project will be Rs. 10529.81 Lakhs.  Rs. 431.00 Lakhs and Rs. 117.95 Lakhs are earmarked towards capital costs and recurring cost for pollution control measures.  Following facilities will be the installed in the proposed plant:

 

Plant

Capacity (TPA)

Sponge Iron

60,000  (2x100 TPD)

Induction Furnace with Concast plant

33,900 (1x12 TPD)

Captive Power Plant

WHRB

AFBC

8 MW

(4MW)

(4 MW)

 

Raw materials required for the proposed project will be Iron ore, Limestone, Coal, Coal char, Sponge Iron, Scrap & Pig Iron.

 

Iron ore and coal will be charged into a rotary kiln in requisite proportion alongwith dolomite at 950-1050oC. Melting scrap and cast Iron alongwith sponge iron will be charged into an Induction Furnace at 1600oC and then additives like Ferro alloys and Aluminium ingots will be added. Molten metal will be transferred to an Ingot mould and the final ingots will be taken out from the mould.  Power will be generated using AFBC technology and WHRB technology. The former burns coal in fluidized bed of inert material while the latter will utilize the waste heat from the flue gases.

 

            Ambient air quality monitoring was carried out at 8 locations during December, 2008–February, 2009 and submitted data indicated the average value of SPM (119.48–327.19 ug/m3), RSPM (46–101.91 ug/m3), SO2 (9.99-26.57 ug/m3) and NOx (9.13–18.62 ug/m3). The submitted data indicated the incremental value of SPM (26.388 µg/m3), NOx (26.388 µg/m3) and SO2 (17.592 µg/m3) which are within the permissible limit except RSPM.

 

            ESPs with fabric filters and cyclones will be provided to AFBC boiler and WHRB to control particulate emissions within 100 mg/m3 but committee asked to control particulate emissions within 50 mg/m3. Flue gases from furnace will be passed through ESP and dust collectors for dust control. Dust extraction system will be installed in raw material handling area and dust suppression system in material yard will also be provided. Bag filters will be provided to Induction Furnace. Fume extraction system attached with multi-cyclone air pollution control system or bag filter will be installed at product house, intermediate bin, cooler discharge circuit, stock house, coal circuit and coal injector area to curb spreading of dust. Arrangements for water spraying at all the dusty places in the premises and during loading, unloading process. In billets plant, fume extraction system with appropriate air pollution control device will be installed to control the emissions from the process and fugitive emissions at furnace. All de-dusting unit will be connected to stack height of 30 m. 

 

Total water requirement (400 KLD) will be met from bore well instead of bore well / river proposed earlier and an application seeking permission is submitted to District level Ground Water Resources Development Authority. Effluent from the plant and Domestic effluent after treatment in septic tank will be recycled. No industrial effluent will be generated. Fly ash will be used for brick manufacturing. Surface water quality results reveal high BOD level (86.23 mg/l), oil and grease and presence of coliform. DO level of river is not monitored.  Rain water harvesting structure will be constructed.

 

Coal char will be used for power generation. Iron ore and Coke fines will be sold to pellet manufacturing company. Induction furnace slag and dust from Pollution Control System will be used for land filling.

           

Green belt will be developed in 5 acres (33%).  Low noise generating equipments with vibration isolators will be installed. Ear muffs/ear plugs will be provided to workers in noise prone areas. Acoustic enclosures will be provided to DG sets. Regular lubrication and maintenance will be done to reduce noise generation.  Power requirement (25 MW reduced to 7.5 MW) will be met from Jharkhand State Electricity Board.DG set (2 x 500 KVA).  Fuel oil will be used as fuel for start-up of kilns.

 

            Public hearing/Public consultation meeting was conducted by the Jharkhand State Pollution Control Board on 30th August, 2009.  The main issues raised in the public hearing meeting included water supply arrangement, employment, waste management, air pollution etc. and have been satisfactorily included in the EIA/EMP.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee has recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions :

 

1.    On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), cyclones,  bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.   

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

3.    Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed.

 

4.    Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

5.    Prior ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 400 m3/day ground water from the SGWB/CGWA should be obtained.

 

  1. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

7.    The water consumption should not exceed as per the standard prescribed for the steel plants.

 

8.    All the char from DRI plant should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.  All the SMS slag should be properly utilized.

 

9.    Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003 and 2010. All the fly ash should be provided to cement and brick manufacturers for further utilization and ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar

 

10.  As proposed, green belt should be developed in 33 % area.

 

11.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

12.  Prior permission from the State Forest Department should be taken regarding likely impact of the expansion of the proposed steel plant on the reserve forests. Measures should be taken to prevent impact of particulate emissions / fugitive emissions, if any from the proposed plant on the surrounding reserve forests viz. Barkagaon & Jorakath RFs located within 10 km radius of the project. Further, Conservation Plan for the conservation of wild fauna in consultation with the State Forest Department should be prepared and implemented.

 

13.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 30th August, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.

 

14.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.  Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.3          Sponge Iron (60,000 TPA), Pig Iron Plant (36,000 TPA and Captive Power Plant (8 MW) at Village Bhumri (Juri), P. O. Hata, District East Singhbum, Jharkhand by M/s Shah Sponge and Power Ltd. (EC)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 76th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 26th-28th, 2009 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the primary metallurgical industries are kept under S. N. 3 (a) of EIA Notification, 2006 and will be appraised at Central level. 

                

Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Shah Sponge & Power Pvt. Ltd. proposed to set up Steel Plant [Sponge Iron (60,000 TPA) and Pig Iron (36,000 TPA) and Captive Power Plant (8 MW)] at Bhumri, Singhbhum East, Jharkhand. PAs also confirmed that critically/severely polluted area from the project site is about 18 km.  Total land required for the plant is 33 Acres. Total cost of project is enhanced from Rs. 46.14 Crores to Rs. 80.17 Crores. Dholadih P.F., Morchgora Kudada P.F., Nundup P.F., Jojodih P.F., and Tiring P.F. are situated within 15 Km periphery of the plant. Gara River (3.5 Km, SE) and Bhangabanga nadi (7 Km, NW) are located. Orissa state boundary is also within 15 Km periphery of the plant. The products and production capacity of the plant will be Sponge Iron (60,000 TPA) and Pig Iron (36,000TPA). Capacity of captive power plant [ WHRB (4 MW) and AFBC(4 MW)] will be 8 MW.

 

            The coal based rotary kiln-DRI process will be used for production of sponge iron and Mini blast furnace technology will be used for production of Pig iron. Iron ore (96,000TPA), Non-coking coal (78,000 TPA) and Dolomite/Limestone will be required as raw materials for Sponge Iron plant. Iron ore, coke, Dolomite, Limestone, Dolomite, Manganese and Quartzite will be required as raw materials for Pig iron (Blast Furnace).

 

            Ambient air quality monitoring was carried out at 8 locations during March – May, 2008 and submitted data indicated the levels of SPM (120.99–209.19 ug/m3), RSPM (41.78–90.14 ug/m3), SO2 (10.86-32.87 ug/m3) and NOx (10.60–31.67 ug/m3). The submitted data indicated the incremental SPM (0.539 µg/m3), SO2 (0.3899 µg/m3) and NOX (0.35274 µg/m3), which are within the permissible limit.

 

The sponge iron and pig iron manufacturing processes are mainly air polluting in nature. The dust emissions will be generated from the rotary kiln stack and will be controlled by installing Electrostatic Precipitator (ESP) with stack height (40 m) to keep the particulate emission below 50 mg/Nm3. Fume extraction system attached with multcyclone air pollution control system or bag filter (house) system will be provided to Product house, Intermediate Bin, Cooler Discharge Circuit, Stock House, Coal Circuit, Coal Injector Area to curb the spreading of dust into atmosphere. Emissions from the mini blast furnace will be controlled by providing dust catcher, cyclone separator and 6 nos. of bag filters. The clean gas from the bag filters will be used as fuel in the BF stoves. Water sprinkling will be done in loading/stocking area.

 

            Total ground water requirement will be 1,020 m3/day and permission for drawl of 3600 m3/day has been obtained from Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources vide letter no. SSPL/GW/01/08-09 dated 8th November 2008. Ground water will be required for the cooling and domestic purposes. No industrial waste water will be generated. Surface water quality monitoring data revealed high BOD (71.57–122.59 mg/l) and presence of coliform (96.95–125.53). Rain water harvesting structure will be installed.

 

            Dolochar will be burnt in AFBC boiler for power generation as mixed fuel. Fly Ash will be used as fly ash brick or cement plants. Dust from WHRB will be sent to landfill. Dust from bag filter will be used for land filling and partly in power plant. Accretions will be used for road making. Fly ash from AFBC boiler will be used in cement plant. Bottom ash from power plant will be used as coarse aggregate for fly ash brick/ for land filling. Slag generated from the pig iron plant will be granulated and sold to cement plants.

 

Green belt will be developed in 11.20 acres out of 33.0 acres. Power requirement from JSEB for the proposed unit will be 1400 KVA. DG sets (250 KVA) will be installed for power backup. The power requirement will be 1750 KVA for sponge iron plant and 500 KVA for pig iron plant. DG sets (2x750 KVA and 500 KVA) will be installed for emergency purposes. LDO/HSD will be required for preheating of stoves and DG sets. Quantities are not given.

 

            The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the Jharkhand Pollution Control Board on 14th March, 2009. The main issues raised in the public hearing were water pollution, air pollution control measures, dust suppression of road by water sprinkling, Control of noise pollution, plantation, social improvement etc.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee has recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions :

 

1.    Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), dust catcher, cyclone separators, bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.   

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

3.    Secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 and regularly monitored. Guidelines/Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed.

 

4.    Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB). The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

5.    Total ground water requirement should not exceed 1,020 m3/day although permission for the drawl of 3,600 m3/day ground water is obtained from Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources vide letter no. SSPL/GW/01/08-09 dated 8th November 2008. 

 

  1. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

7.    ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

8.    The water consumption should not exceed as per prescribed standards for the steel plants.

 

9.    All the char from DRI plant should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.  All the blast furnace (BF) slag should be granulated and provided to cement manufacturers for further utilization. Accretions should also be properly utilized.

 

10.  Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003 and 2010. All the fly ash should be provided to cement and brick manufacturers for further utilization and ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.

 

11.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

12.  Prior permission from the State Forest Department should be taken regarding likely impact of the expansion of the proposed steel plant on the reserve forests. Measures should be taken to prevent impact of particulate emissions / fugitive emissions, if any from the proposed plant on the surrounding reserve forests viz. Dholadih P.F., Morchgora Kudada P.F., Nundup P.F., Jojodih P.F., and Tiring P.F. located within 10 km radius of the project. Further, Conservation Plan for the conservation of wild fauna in consultation with the State Forest Department should be prepared and implemented.

 

13.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 14th March, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar..

 

14.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.4          Ferro Alloy Plant (1x9 MVA SAF) at Survey Nos. 104-108, 267 and Dag No. 730, 842, 845, 857, 859-879, 881, 883-917, 921, 923, 925-933, 938, 939, 967, 969, 970, 972, 1241, 1242, 1245, Mouza Basdebpur (North), P.S. Barjora, District Bankura, West Bengal by M/s Metsil Exports Private Limited (EC)  

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 1st Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 20-21st August, 2009 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the ferro alloy plants have been kept at S.N. 3(a) under primary metallurgical industry under category ‘A’ and appraised at Central level. 

                

Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Metsil Exports Private Limited have proposed to set up a Ferro Alloy Plant (1x9 MVA SAF) at Survey Nos. 104-108, 267 and Dag No. 730, 842, 845, 857, 859-879, 881, 883-917, 921, 923, 925-933, 938, 939, 967, 969, 970, 972, 1241, 1242, 1245, Mouza Basdebpur (North), P.S. Barjora, District Bankura,  West Bengal. Total land acquired is 15 acres. Out of 15 acres, 13.78 acres of land is acquired. PAs clarified that Durgapur critically polluted area is about 16 km and not covered under critically/severely polluted area. Permission from the Gram Sabha Panchyat is obtained vide letter dated 16th July, 2009. No R & R is involved.  No national park/wild life sanctuary/reserve forest is located within 10 km radius of the proposed project site. River Damodar flows at a distance of 5 km from the proposed site. Total cost of the proposed expansion is Rs. 1721.00 Lakhs.  Rs. 0.80 Crores and Rs. 0.10 Crores will be earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures. Following are the details of facilities to be installed and products to be manufactured:

 

S.

N.

Facility

Capacity

Product

Production capacity

1

Submerged Arc Furnace

1x9 MVA

Ferro Manganese

22,600 TPA

Silico Manganese

17,400 TPA

Ferro Silicon

7,600 TPA

 

Submerged arc furnace (SAF) will be used for manufacture of ferro alloys. The molten metal and slag will be tapped at regular time intervals into a ladle or onto cast iron pans. The slag will be overflowed to another ladle or in casting pans.  Manganese ore (89,560 TPA), coke breeze (25,400 TPA), quartz (25,086 TPA), iron scrap (2,660 TPA), charcoal (9,500 TPA) and dolomite (4,785 TPA) will be used as basic raw materials for Ferro alloy production.

 

Ambient air quality monitoring was carried out at 8 locations during October, 2009–December, 2009 and submitted data indicated the average value of SPM (121–228 ug/m3), RSPM (32–3 ug/m3), SO2 (4-12 ug/m3) and NOx (19–46 ug/m3). The submitted data indicated the incremental value of SPM (12 µg/m3) which are within the permissible limit. Cyclone-cum-bag filters will be provided to SAF. Dry fog dust suppression system will be provided at crushers, screens, transfer points of raw material handling yard, loading and unloading points to control fugitive emissions.

 

Total water requirement is reduced from 40 KLD to 20 KLD and supplied by Barjora Panchayat Samity instead of surface water/bore well earlier proposed. Bag filter dust will be recycled in the process. During presentation, PAs have informed that plant will be based on zero discharge concept.  Rain water harvesting structure will be constructed.

 

Ferro-Manganese slag will be utilized in Silico-Manganese production. Silico-Manganese slag will be utilized in land/area/ road development. Bag filter dust will be recycled in the process.

 

Green belt will be developed in 4.9 acres, out of total plant area of 15 acres. Acoustic enclosures will be provided to noise generating equipment. Ear plugs/ear muffs will be provided to personnel working in high noise prone areas.  Total power requirement (9.3 MVA) will be met from West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL). DG set (1x100 kVA) will be installed to meet the emergency power requirement. Diesel (24 LPH) will be used as fuel in DG sets.

 

The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the West Bengal Pollution Control Board on 30th November, 2009. The main issues raised in the public hearing meeting included employment pollution control measures, agriculture development, CSR etc.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to following specific conditions :

 

  1. No charcoal should be used as fuel. Pet coke should be used as fuel instead of charcoal from unknown sources.  

 

  1. Continuous monitoring facilities for all the stacks and sufficient air pollution control equipments viz. fume extraction system with bag filters, I D fan and stack of adequate height to submerged arc furnace should be provided to control emissions below 50 mg/Nm3. 

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

  1. Secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed.

 

  1. Prior permission for the drawl of 20 m3/day water from competent authority should be obtained.

 

  1. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

  1. Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB.

 

  1. ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

  1. All the ferro alloy slag should be used for land filling inside the plant or used as building material only after passing through Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test.  Otherwise, hazardous substances should be recovered from the slag and output waste and be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. 

 

  1. Slag produced in Ferro Manganese (Fe-Mn) production should be used in manufacture Silico Manganese (Si-Mn).

 

  1. No Ferro Chrome should be manufactured without prior approval from the Ministry of Environment & Forests.

 

  1. A Risk and Disaster Management Plan alongwith the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

  1. All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Ferro Alloy Units should be strictly implemented.

 

14.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 30th Nov ember, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.

 

15.   At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.5          Ferro Alloy Plant (1x9 MVA SAF) at Survey Nos. 104-108, 267 and Dag No. 857, 932-934, 936-956, 961, 964-970, 1033-1066-1076, 1077, 1080-1086, 1172, 1173, Mouza Basudebpur (North), P.S. Barjora, District Bankura, West Bengal by M/s Shree Ambey Ispat Pvt Ltd.  (EC)   

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 1st Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 20th-21st July, 2009 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the ferro alloy plants have been kept at S.N. 3(a) under primary metallurgical industry under category ‘A’ and appraised at Central level. 

                

Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Shree Ambey Ispat Pvt Ltd. have proposed to set up a Ferro Alloy Plant (1x9 MVA SAF) at Survey Nos. 104-108, 267 and Dag No. 857, 932-934, 936-956, 961, 964-970, 1033-1066-1076, 1077, 1080-1086, 1172, 1173, Mouza Basudebpur (North), P.S. Barjora, District Bankura, West Bengal. Total land acquired is 15 acres. No R & R is involved. No national park/wild life sanctuary/reserve forest is located within 10 km radius of the proposed project site. During presentation, PAs confirmed that Durgapur critically polluted area is 16 km from the proposed project site and not covered under critically/severely polluted area. River Damodar flows at a distance of 5 km from the proposed site. Total cost of the proposed expansion is Rs. 1,721.00 Lakhs.  Rs. 0.80 Crores and Rs. 0.10 Crores will be earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures. Following are the details of facilities to be installed and the corresponding products:

 

S.N.

Facility

Capacity

Product

Production capacity

1

Submerged Arc Furnace

1x9 MVA

Ferro Manganese

22,600 TPA

Silico Manganese

17,400 TPA

Ferro Silicon

7,600 TPA

 

Submerged arc furnace (SAF) will be used for manufacture of ferro alloys. The molten metal and slag will be tapped at regular time intervals into a ladle or onto cast iron pans. The slag will be overflowed to another ladle or in casting pans. Manganese ore, Coke breeze, Quartz, Iron scrap, Charcoal and Dolomite will be used as basic raw materials for Ferro alloy production.

 

Ambient air quality monitoring was carried out at 8 locations during October, 2009–December, 2009 and submitted data indicated the average value of SPM (121–228 ug/m3), RSPM (32–73 ug/m3), SO2 (4-12 ug/m3) and NOx (19–46 ug/m3). The submitted data indicated the incremental value of SPM (12 µg/m3), which is within the permissible limit. However, incremental value for RSPM, SO2 and NOX is not estimated.

Cyclone-cum-bag filters will be provided to SAF. Dry fog dust suppression system will be provided at crushers, screens, transfer points of raw material handling yard, loading and unloading points to control fugitive emissions.

Total water requirement is reduced from 40 KLD to 20 KLD and will be supplied by Barjora Panchayat Samity instead of surface water / bore well earlier proposed. Domestic wastewater will be used for dust suppression and greenbelt development.

 

Bag filter dust will be recycled in the process. Ferro Manganese slag will be utilized in Silico-Manganese production. Silico-Manganese slag will be utilized in land/area/road development.

 

Green belt will be developed in 4.9 acres, out of total plant area of 15 acres. Acoustic enclosures will be provided to noise generating equipment. Ear plugs/ear muffs will be provided to personnel working in high noise prone areas. Total power requirement of 9.3 MVA will be met from West Bengal State Electricity Distribution Company Limited (WBSEDCL). DG set (1x100 kVA) will be installed to meet the emergency power requirement. Diesel (24 LPH) will be used as fuel in DG sets. PAs have informed during presentation that total amount of Rs. 17.20 Lakhs is earmarked for CSR. 

 

            The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the West Bengal Pollution Control Board on 30th November, 2009. The main issues raised in the public hearing meeting were local development, pollution control, ground water depletion etc.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to following specific conditions :

 

  1. Pet coke should be used as fuel instead of charcoal from unknown sources. No charcoal should be used as fuel.

 

  1. Continuous monitoring facilities for all the stacks and sufficient air pollution control equipments viz. fume extraction system with bag filters, I D fan and stack of adequate height to submerged arc furnace should be provided to control emissions below 50 mg/Nm3. 

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

  1. Secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed.

 

  1. Prior permission for the drawl of 20 m3/day water from competent authority should be obtained.

 

  1. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

  1. Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB.

 

  1. ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

  1. All the ferro alloy slag should be used for land filling inside the plant or used as building material only after passing through Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test.  Otherwise, hazardous substances should be recovered from the slag and output waste and be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. 

 

  1. Slag produced in Ferro Manganese (Fe-Mn) production should be used in manufacture Silico Manganese (Si-Mn).

 

  1. No Ferro Chrome should be manufactured without prior approval from the Ministry of Environment & Forests.

 

  1. A Risk and Disaster Management Plan alongwith the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

  1. All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Ferro Alloy Units should be strictly implemented.

 

14.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 30th Nov ember, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar.

 

15.   At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhuvaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.6          Steel Plant (Induction Furnace (2x12 T), Steel Melting Shop with Continuous Casting Machine and Re-rolling Mill (80,000 TPA) at Plot No. 17, Village Chittornatham, Panchayat Eguvarpalayam, Taluk Gummidipoondi, District Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu by M/s Shree Sai Hanuman Smelters (P) Ltd (TORs)

 

Project authorities didn’t attend the meeting and, therefore, it was decided that proposal should be considered afresh whenever requested by the PAs.

 

 

4.7          Steel Plant (Sponge Iron 96,000 TPA; Billets 44,800 TPA, Rolled Products (42,240 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (12 MW) at Plot Nos. 436, 519, 520, Village Marhand, P.S. Katkamsandi, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand by M/s Narsimha Iron and Steel Pvt. Ltd.  (TORs)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plants and Thermal Power Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries and 1(d) respectively under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

           M/s Narsimha Iron and Steel Pvt. Ltd. have proposed for the Steel Plant (Sponge Iron 96,000 TPA; Billets 44,800 TPA, Rolled Products (42,240 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (12 MW) at Plot Nos. 436, 519, 520, Village Marhand, P.S. Katkamsandi, Hazaribagh, Jharkhand.  PAs have confirmed that proposed project is not located within 10 km of critically polluted area and Ramgarh is about 40-45 km.  No national park/wildlife sanctuary is located within 10 km. Total project area acquired is 22.35 acres.  Nearest town is Hazaribagh at 7 km.  No litigation or court case is in pending against the project and/or land.  Barkagaon RF (9 Km, W), Jorakath RF (9 km, S), Gurua PF (4 km, E), Gali R.F. (9 km, S) are located within 10 km radius of the project.  Kunur Nadi is at 3 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 116.35 Crores.  Rs 3.653 Crores and Rs. 0.83 Crores instead of Rs 10.10 Crores and Rs. 3.20 Crores are earmarked towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures.  Following will be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Products

Capacity (TPA)

1.

Sponge Iron

96,000

2.

Billets

44,800

3.

Rolled Products

42,240

4.

Captive Power Plant

12 MW

 

                              WHRB

6 MW

 

                              AFBC

6 MW

 

Following facilities will be installed:

 

S.N.

Products

Capacity

1.

Sponge Iron

3x100 TPD

2.

Steel Melting

2x7 MT

3.

Power Plant

12 MW

4.

Rolling Mill

12 TPH (132 TPD)

 

             Iron ore, coal, dolomite for sponge iron plant, sponge iron, scrap, ferro alloy, billets for rolling mills, char, coal & fines for power plant will be used as raw materials.

 

            Sponge Iron will be manufactured in coal based Direct Reduction (DR) kilns.  Billets will be manufactured by melting in Induction furnace and casting in continuous casting machine. Rolled products will be manufactured in reheating furnace land coal fired rolling mill.  Waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB) and AFBC boiler will be installed. 

            Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) will be provided to DRI kiln and AFBC boiler to control particulate emissions within 50 mg/Nm3. Bag filters will be installed to control emissions from induction furnace and rolling mill.  Flue gases for DRI plant will be utilized in Waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB) and passed through ESP and then into atmosphere through ID fans and chimney.  Hot gases for DRI plant will pass through dust settling chamber (DSC) and after burning chamber (ABC), WHRB and stack. Fume extraction system with ID fan will be provided to IF. Dust suppression (chemical and dry fog type) will be provided to control emissions.  Bag filters will be provided to material handling areas, coal handling areas, crusher, stock house, cooler discharge area, screening area etc.

Total ground water requirement from bore wells will be 1,380 m3/day. Closed loop system will be adopted so that no effluent is discharged from the proposed plants. Only make up water will be fed into the plant. Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank. Boiler blow down will be neutralized in the neutralization tank before mixing with other effluent streams.  After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a guard pond. The treated effluent will be used for ash conditioning, dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted. Rain water harvesting structure will be constructed.

 

            Char from DRI process will be used in AFBC boiler as fuel.  Dust from air pollution control devices (APCD) will be partly used in the plant and partly for land and/or abandoned mines filling slag from Induction Furnace will be used for road making and land filling.  Bottom ash will be used for low land filling. Fly ash from AFBC power plant will be sold to fly ash brick manufacturers and cement grinding units.  Waste oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers/re-processors. 

 

            Out of 22.35 acres, green belt will be developed in 8 acres. Power requirement will be 11 MW and sourced from captive power plant (12 MW).  DG sets (2x1000 KVA) will be installed.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.        Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.        A map indicating distance between project site and critically/severely polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

3.        A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site. A photograph of the site should also be included.

4.        Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

5.        Topography of the area should be given clearly indicating whether the site requires any filling. If so, details of filling, quantity of fill material required, its source, transportation etc. should be given.

6.        Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

7.        Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

8.        Coordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet co-ordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet should also be included.

9.        Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

10.      Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

11.      Permission from the tribals, if tribal land has also to be acquired alongwith details of the compensation plan.

12.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests viz. Barkagaon RF (9 Km, W), Jorakath RF (9 km, S), Gurua PF (4 km, E), Gali R.F. (9 km, S) should be included.

13.      A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

14.      Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

15.      List of raw material required, analysis of all the raw materials and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

16.      Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

17.      Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

18.      If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

19.      Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

20.      Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

21.      Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

22.      Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

23.      Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

24.      Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

25.    Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

26.      One season site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall and AAQ data (except monsoon) should be collected. The monitoring stations should take into account the pre-dominant wind direction, population zone and sensitive receptors including reserved forests.

27.      Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

28.      The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

29.      Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

30.      Air quality modelling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

31.      Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

32.      Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)       Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)     Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)    Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)     A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)    Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)   Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii)  No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)    Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)     Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)    Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

33.      A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

34.      Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided. The alternate method of raw material and end product transportation should also be studied and details included.

35.      One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

36.      An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

37.      Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

38.      Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included. Information regarding surface hydrology and water regime should be included.

39.      Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

40.      Ground water modelling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

41.      Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

42.      Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

43.      Permission for the drawl of 1,380 m3/day ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

44.      A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

45.      Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

46.      If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

47.      A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

48.      Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

49.      If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

50.      Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

51.      The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

52.      Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

53.      Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

54.      Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

55.      Details of evacuation of ash, details regarding ash pond impermeability and whether it would be lined, if so details of the lining etc. needs to be addressed.

56.      A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

57.      End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

58.      All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

59.      Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area i.e. land with not less than 1,500 trees per ha. giving details of species, width of plantation, planning schedule etc. should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the travelling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

60.      Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

61.      At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

62.      Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

63.      Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included

64.      Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

65.      Details regarding infrastructure facilities such as sanitation, fuel, restroom etc. to be provided to the labour force during construction as well as to the casual workers including truck drivers during operation phase.

66.      Impact of the project on local infrastructure of the area such as road network and whether any additional infrastructure need to be constructed and the agency responsible for the same with time frame.

67.      Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

68.      Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

69.      A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

70.      Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

71.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

(a)      Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(b)      If not, then by when is that expected?

(c)      Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(d)      What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(e)      Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the  Jharkhand Pollution Control Board (JPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.8          Expansion of Steel Plant by installing Sponge Iron Plant (60,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (8 MW; WHRB 4 MW & AFBC 4 MW) at Village Salarapentha, Post Mahadeijoda, District Keonjhar, Orissa by M/s BRM Hi-Tech Steels (P) Ltd (TORs)                           

            The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plant including Sponge Iron Plants (200 TPD & above) are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industry under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

M/s BRM Hi-Tech Steels (P) Ltd. have proposed for the expansion of Steel Plant by installing Sponge Iron Plant (60,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (8 MW; WHRB 4 MW & AFBC 4 MW) at Village Salarapentha, Post Mahadeijoda, District Keonjhar, Orissa. Total project area available for the existing plant is 33 acres which is adequate for the proposed expansion also.  Existing plant is located in 5.25 acres.  PAs informed that 12 reserve forests are located within 10 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 48.19 Crores.   Rs. 2.20 Crores and Rs. 25.00 Lakhs/annum are earmarked towards central cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures. Consent to Establish’ the existing plant is obtained for the existing plant from Orissa Pollution Control Board vide letters dated 24th April, 2006, 11th January, 2007 and 11th May, 2007. Following are the details of existing and proposed facilities to be installed and products to be manufactured:

Units

Products

Existing

Proposed

Total

Iron Ore

Crusher

Calibrated Iron Ore

85 TPH

(1,44,000 TPA)

-

1,44,000 TPA

DRI Plant

Sponge Iron

-

2 x 100 TPD

(60,000 TPA)

2x100 TPD

(60,000 TPD)

SMS / Induction

Furnace

Liquid Steel /

MS Ingots

(4 T/1.8 MW)

14, 400 TPA

-

(4 T/1.8 MW)

14, 400 TPA

Rolling Mill

Rolled Products

30,000 TPA

-

30,000 TPA

Power Plant

          WHRB

          AFBC

          TG

Power

-

 

2x10 TPH

(4 MW)

1x20 TPH (4 MW)

1x8 MW

 

 

8 MW

 

            Iron ore for DRI making will be obtained from existing ore crusher.  Non-coking coal, Si-Mn, coal fines, met coke, scrap and dolomite will be used as raw materials.  Waste char will be used in AFBC boiler.

 

Sponge iron will be produced by reducing iron ore in the solid state at a temperature of 900-10500C by using a reductant e.g. CO or H2. Char (10,000 TPA) alongwith coal (13,500 TPA) will be utilized in AFBC boiler.  Off gases from the DRI kiln will be used in WHRB plant to generate power.  Out of 60,000 TPA sponge iron produced, 13,100 TPA will be utilized in making steel ingots in the existing SMS.  The existing rolling mill will use the steel ingots to produce 30,000 TPA TMT rods.

            Ambient air quality data for SPM, SO2 NOx and RPM is collected at 12 locations but period of data collection is not mentioned. The committee has asked PAs to collect base line data after the award of TORs and didn’t accept data already collected. Hot gases from the DRI kiln will pass through dust settling chamber (DSC) and after burning chamber (ABC) and then to waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB) and then to electrostatic precipitator (ESP) for cleaning. The clean gas will be released to the atmosphere through stacks. Fume extraction system with bag filters will be provided to Steel Making Shop (Induction furnace). Bag filters will be provided to cooler discharge end, product processing areas, coal crushing and handling areas and raw material handling areas like transfer points, junction houses etc. to control particulate emissions. The fuel gas after passing through ESP will be discharged through stacks of adequate height. Dry fog dust suppression/water sprinkling system will be provided to raw material handling and storage areas.  Dust extraction system will also be provided to control fugitive emissions.

Total ground water requirement from bore wells after expansion will be 1,385 m3/day including 70 m3/day for the existing plant.  Cooling water will be completely recycled.  Effluent from cooling blow down, boiler blow down soft water rejuvenation will be properly treated. Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank.  Boiler blow down will be neutralized in the neutralization tank before mixing with other effluent streams.  After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a Central Monitoring Basin. The treated effluent will be used for ash moistening, dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

 

            Fly ash will be kept in ash mound and subsequently used fly ash brick making.  SMS slag will be used for road making. Bottom ash will be used for low land filling and ash brick manufacturing. Char alongwith coal fines will be used in AFBC boiler. Accretion slag will be used for road making and for filling of low lying areas. Scrap from SMS and rolling mill will be reused in SMS.  Used oil will be sold to authorized reprocessors.

 

            Out of 33 acres, 11 acres (33%) is allocated for the green belt development.  Total power requirement (5.6 MW) will be met from captive generation (8 MW). Char (10,000 TPA) and HSD (20 KLPA) will be used as fuel.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.       Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.       A map indicating distance between project site and critically/severely polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

3.       A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site. A photograph of the site should also be included.

4.       Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

5.       Topography of the area should be given clearly indicating whether the site requires any filling. If so, details of filling, quantity of fill material required, its source, transportation etc. should be given.

6.       Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

7.       Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

8.       Coordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet co-ordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet should also be included.

9.       Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

10.    Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

11.    Permission from the tribals, if tribal land has also to be acquired alongwith details of the compensation plan.

12.    Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding twelve (12) reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

13.    A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

14.    Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

15.    List of raw material required, analysis of all the raw materials and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

16.    Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

17.    Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

18.    If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

19.    Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

20.    Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

21.    Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

22.    Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

23.    Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

24.   Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

25.   Data on existing ambient air, stack emission, fugitive emissions data; water requirement and water balance cycle; generation, re-utilization and disposal of solid/ hazardous waste for the existing plant and predicted increase in pollution load (GLCs) due to proposed expansion should be incorporated.

26.    All the environment clearances accorded by the Ministry, Consent to Establish and Operate and point-wise compliance to the specific and general conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance and Consent to Establish and Operate for all the existing plants.

27.    Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

28.    One season site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall and AAQ data (except monsoon and after the award of TORs) should be collected. The monitoring stations should take into account the pre-dominant wind direction, population zone and sensitive receptors including reserved forests.

29.    Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

30.    The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

31.    Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

32.    Air quality modelling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

33.    Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

34.    Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)     Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)   Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)   Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)  Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii) No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)   Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)   Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

35.       A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

36.       Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided. The alternate method of raw material and end product transportation should also be studied and details included.

37.       One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

38.       An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

39.       Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

40.       Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included. Information regarding surface hydrology and water regime should be included.

41.       Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

42.       Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

43.       Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

44.       Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

45.       Permission for the drawl of 1,385 m3/day ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

46.       A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

47.       Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

48.       If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

49.       A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

50.       Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

51.       If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

52.       Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

53.       The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

54.       Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

55.       Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

56.       Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.  Commitment that no char will be disposed off anywhere bu used in AFBC boiler only.

57.       Details of evacuation of ash, details regarding ash pond impermeability and whether it would be lined, if so details of the lining etc. needs to be addressed.

58.       A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

59.       End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

60.       All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

61.       Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area i.e. land with not less than 1,500 trees per ha. giving details of species, width of plantation, planning schedule etc. should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the travelling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

62.       Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

63.       At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

64.       Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

65.       Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included

66.       Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

67.       Details regarding infrastructure facilities such as sanitation, fuel, restroom etc. to be provided to the labour force during construction as well as to the casual workers including truck drivers during operation phase.

68.       Impact of the project on local infrastructure of the area such as road network and whether any additional infrastructure need to be constructed and the agency responsible for the same with time frame.

69.       Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

70.       Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

71.       A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

72.       Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

73.      Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

(f)       Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(g)      If not, then by when is that expected?

(h)      Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(i)        What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(j)        Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the Orissa Pollution Control Board (OPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.9          Expansion of Steel Plant (DRI, IF, CPP) and installation of Coal  Washery, Beneficiation and Pelletisation Plant, Rolling Mill & Electric Arc Furnace at Mouza Nabagram, Uttarah, Manpura, Post Digha, P.S. Nituria, District Purulia, West Bengal by M/s Ispat Damodar Ltd. (TORs)

 

PAs vide letter no. IDL/ME&F/04/09-10 dated 15th April, 2009 informed that they are withdrawing their application due to some changes in the project. Since Project authorities didn’t attend the meeting, it was decided that proposal should be considered afresh whenever requested by the PAs.

 

 

4.10        Integrated Steel Plant at Mouza Kaliyam, Gudrashol, Chatradoba, Taluk Chekulia East, District Singhbhum, Jharkhand by M/s Eurasia Metaliks Limited. (TORs)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

             M/s Eurasia Metaliks Limited have proposed for the Integrated Steel Plant at Mouza Kaliyam, Gudrashol, Chatradoba, District Singhbhum, Jharkhand. Total land acquired is 205.67 acre.  PAs informed that Railway line is at 300 m. No national park/wildlife sanctuary/reserve forest is located within 10 km.  Nearest town is at 6.8 km.  Subernarekha River is at 7.9 km.  Kaliyam Village is at 1.2 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 685.00 Crores.  PAs have also confirmed that no litigation/court case is in pending against the project. Following will be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Products

Proposed Capacity (TPA)

1.

Sponge Iron

4,20,000

2.

Steel Billets from Induction Furnace

2,60,000

3.

Power  (WHRB + AFBC)

40 MW

4.

Coal Washery

0.8 Million TPA (8,00,000)

5.

Iron Ore Beneficiation & Pelletisation

0.8 Million TPA (8,00,000)

6.

Rolling Mill

0.4 Million TPA (4,00,000)

7.

EAF

1,44,000

 

 Following facilities will be installed:

 

S.N.

Products

Proposed Capacity (TPA)

1.

Sponge Iron Kilns

4x350 TPD

2.

Induction Furnace

4x30 TPH

3.

WHRB

1x28 TPH

4.

FBC

1x100 TPH

5.

EAF

1x60 TPH

 

            Iron ore, coal, bentonite and lime stone will be raw material for iron ore beneficiation pellet plant.  Iron ore, coal and dolomite will be raw material for sponge iron plant will be used as raw materials

 

            Run-of-Mine coal (300 / 250-0 mm) will be crushed in crusher to –60 mm, to secondary vibrating screen (SVS-1) to screen -20 mm, to secondary vibrating screen (SVS-2) to separate - mm.  The washed coal will have 26-28% ash content. Iron ore beneficiation and pelletization will involve grinding, drying, de-watering, boiling and induration followed by screening and handling. Sponge iron will be manufactured using coal as reductant through DRO process. Steel mainly will be manufactured through IF-CCM-RM route.  The steel formed will be molded into billets and rolled products by carting mills and rolling mills. Steel and scrap will be melted in IF, passed through LF for further refining and cast as ingots. Reheating is done in reheating furnace alongwith billets and rolled to rolled products. WHRB and AFBC boiler will be installed to generate power (40 MW).

            PAs informed that existing ambient air quality for SPM (117 ug/m3), RSPM (33 ug/m3), SO2 (7 ug/m3) and NOx (8 ug/m3) is within permissible limits.  Adequate air pollution control equipments will be installed to control particulate matter.  ESP will be provided to DRI kiln and AFBC boiler. Hot gases from iron plant will be passed through dust settling chamber (DSC) after burning chamber (ABC), WHRB, ESP, ID fan and chimney to control gaseous emissions within 100 mg/Nm3 but committee insisted for 50 mg/Nm3. Bag filters will be provided to pellet plant induction and ladle furnace. ESP will be provided to AFBC boiler and iron ore beneficiation plant also. Fugitive dust will be collected by bag filters at transfer points and by water sprinkling on the roads within the premises. In coal washery, dust suppression amongst with water spraying will be made at the ROM coal unloading points at receiving hopper. Dust extraction arrangement will be provided at coal reclamation points, transfer points and screens. Water spraying arrangement will be provided at ROM coal unloading at the top and reclamation points at the bottom of receiving hopper, Dry screening points, Belt conveyer transfer points, ROM coal crushing point, crushed raw coal storage point and crushed raw coal reclamation points. ESP, bag filter, dust suppression system and chimney will be provided to iron ore beneficiation. Bag filter will be provided to coal washery and pellet plant. Bag filter, gas coolers and chimney will be provided to steel melting shop.

Total water requirement from Suvarnarekha River will be 2,200 m3/day. Rejects/middling dewatering screen continuing coal finer (-1 mm) will be collected in slurry pump and pumped to dewatering  hydro-cyclone for re-circulate process water (closed circuit system) Jig washing will be adopted. Process slurry will be treated in cyclones, radial thickness and slurry ponds etc.  Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be treated in effluent treatment plant ETP).  After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a guard pond. The treated effluent will be used for coal yard, sprinkling, coal washery, dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

  

            Dust from ESP and bag filters (95 TPD) will be reused in respective process operation/sent to brick manufacturing.  Mill scales will be sent to pellet plant.  Char will be used in AFBC boiler.  Iron ore fines will be sent to pelletization plant. ETP sludge will be sold to brick manufacturers. Slag will be sold to cement manufacturers. Ash from boiler will be sold to cement plants/brick manufacturers. Waste/used/spent oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers/re-processors.

  

Out of 205.67 acres, green belt will be developed in 70 acres (33 %). Rubber padding will be provided in the vibrating screens, crushers etc. to reduce noise level. Enclosures will be provided to Jig compressor. Power will be sourced from JSEB and captive power plant (40 MW).  DG sets (4x1000 KVA & 4x500 KVA) are proposed.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.    Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.    Clearance from the Railway Department should be obtained and enclosed in the EIA/EMP report.

3.    A map indicating distance between project site and critically polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

4.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site. A photograph of the site should also be included.

5.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

6.    Topography of the area should be given clearly indicating whether the site requires any filling. If so, details of filling, quantity of fill material required, its source, transportation etc. should be given.

7.    Location of national parks/wildlife sanctuary/reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

8.    Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

9.    Coordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet co-ordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet should also be included.

10.  Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

11.  Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

12.  Permission from the tribals, if tribal land has also to be acquired alongwith details of the compensation plan.

13.  Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

14.  A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

15.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

16.  List of raw material required, analysis of all the raw materials and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

17.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

18.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

19.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

20.  Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

21.  Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

22.  Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

23.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

24.  Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

25.  Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

26.  One season site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall and AAQ data (except monsoon) should be collected. The monitoring stations should take into account the pre-dominant wind direction, population zone and sensitive receptors including reserved forests.

27.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

28.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

29.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

30.  Air quality modelling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

31.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

32.  Ambient air quality monitoring modelling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)     Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)   Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)   Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)  Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii) No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)   Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)   Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

33.       A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

34.       Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided. The alternate method of raw material and end product transportation should also be studied and details included.

35.       One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

36.       An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

37.       Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

38.       Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included. Information regarding surface hydrology and water regime should be included.

39.       Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

40.       Ground water modelling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

41.       Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

42.       Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

43.       Permission for the drawl of 2,200 m3/day water from Suvarnarekha River from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

44.       A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

45.       Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

46.       If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

47.       A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

48.       Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

49.       If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

50.       Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

51.       The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

52.       Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

53.       Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

54.       Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

55.       Details of evacuation of ash, details regarding ash pond impermeability and whether it would be lined, if so details of the lining etc. needs to be addressed.

56.       A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

57.       End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

58.       All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

59.       Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area i.e. land with not less than 1,500 trees per ha. giving details of species, width of plantation, planning schedule etc. should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

60.       Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

61.       At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

62.       Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

63.       Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included

64.       Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

65.       Details regarding infrastructure facilities such as sanitation, fuel, restroom etc. to be provided to the labour force during construction as well as to the casual workers including truck drivers during operation phase.

66.       Impact of the project on local infrastructure of the area such as road network and whether any additional infrastructure need to be constructed and the agency responsible for the same with time frame.

67.       Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

68.       Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

69.       A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

70.       Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

71.      Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

(k)      Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(l)        If not, then by when is that expected?

(m)     Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(n)      What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(o)      Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the  Jharkhand Pollution Control Board (JPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/ consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.11        Steel Plant at Khasra Nos. 899/5, 899/3, 867/1, 867/3, 867/5, 869/1, 895, 898, 859/2, 868/2, 899/6, 899/4, 867/2, 867/4, 859/1, 869/5, 896, 897, 865, 869/3, at Village Maharumkala, Tehsil Khairagarh, District Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh by M/s Wallfort Steel & Power Pvt. Ltd. (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the Steel Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Wallfort Steel & Power Pvt. Ltd. have proposed for the Steel Plant at Khasra Nos. 899/5, 899/3, 867/1, 867/3, 867/5, 869/1, 895, 898, 859/2, 868/2, 899/6, 899/4, 867/2, 867/4, 859/1, 869/5, 896, 897, 865, 869/3 at Village Maharum Kala, Tehsil Khairagarh, District Rajnandgaon, Chhattisgarh. Total project area is 36 acres out of which 31 acres is acquired.  No forest land is involved. No national park/wildlife sanctuary/reserved forest is located within 10 km. No litigation/court case is in pending against the project. Town Rajnandgar is at 16 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 96.30 Crores. Rs. 6.0 Crores and Rs. 0.50 Crores are earmarked towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for pollution control measures.  Following facilities will be installed:

 

Products

Units

Production capacity (TPA)

Steel Ingots/Billets through Induction Furnace with CCM Unit

4x12 MT

1,44,000

Rolled Products

1x300 TPD

90,000

Manufacturing of Ferro Alloys

3x9 MVA

5x2 MVA

61,666

Steel Castings

1x3 MT, 1x 2MT

15,000

Stainless Steel (Through AOD Furnace)

1x20 MT

60,000

Oxygen Plant

--

20,000 M3 per annum

 

PAs have informed that following Ferro Alloys products will be manufactured :

 

Details

Products

Annual Production Capacity

Ferro Alloys Unit

Ferro- Manganese

61,666

Silico- Manganese

53,250

Ferro Silicon

27,500

Ferro Chrome

53,250

 

            Chromite Ore (1,54,165 TPA), Mn Ore (1,23,332 TPA) and quartz (1,37,035 TPA), sponge iron (1,27,059 TPA), metal scrap (37,895 TPA), ferro alloy (1,440 TPA), dolomite (5,207 TPA) mill scales (3,700 TPA), coke (43,166 TPA), electrode paste (1,650 TPA), charcoal (92,500 TPA) will be used as raw materials. However, the Committee realized that proposed raw material requirement does not correspond to the products to be manufactures and asked to reassess the same.

 

            Billets will be manufactured using sponge iron, scrap and ferro alloys and casted in continuous casting machine. Rolled products/structural steels will be manufactured using billets as raw material. Ferro Alloys will be produced using Manganese ore and coke as raw materials. High grade Alloy Steel and Stainless Steel will be manufactured using AOD furnace involving refining, decarburization, reduction and desulphurization. Oxygen plant will be installed in LF/LRF furnace, AOD/VOD furnace, cutting of slabs in continuous casting plant.

            Fume extraction system and bag filter will be provided to control secondary fugitive emissions from the SMS, AOD furnace and ferro alloy plant. Water spraying will be done to prevent dust emanation due to vehicular movement and unloading areas. During PAs have informed that fume extraction system with bag filter will be provided to induction furnace with concast and submerged electric arc furnace.

Total ground water requirement from bore wells will be 300 m3/day and have applied for the water permission. No effluent will be generated from SMS, rolling mill, SEAF and AOD furnace as closed circuit cooling system will be adopted. All the effluent will be treated ad used for cooling, dust suppression and greenbelt development. No effluent will be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge will be adopted. Sanitary waste will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.

 

            IF slag will be crushed and passed through a magnetic separator to separate ron ore and remaining inert material will be utilized for land fill/road construction. Dust generated from AOD furnace will be recycled.  Mill scales from re-rolling mill will be reused in the ferro alloy plant. Slag from Fe-Mn will be used for road construction.  The slag from Fe-Si will be reused in cast iron Industries. Chrome will be recovered from chrome slag through jigging unit and disposed in secured landfill (SLF) after TCLP test. End cuttings from shearing of billets / bloom / ingots will be used as raw material in own induction furnace.

 

            Out of 50 acre, 16.5 acres (33%) land is earmarked for the green belt development. Ambient Noise will be controlled within, 75 dBA during day time and 70 dBA during night time as per Notification dated 14th February, 2000. Total power requirement will be from CSPTDL grid.  FO / LDO will be used in reheating furnace.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.        Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.        A map indicating distance between project site and critically polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

3.        A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site. A photograph of the site should also be included.

4.        Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

5.        Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

6.        Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

7.        Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

8.        Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

9.        Permission from the tribals, if tribal land has also to be acquired alongwith details of the compensation plan.

10.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

11.      A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

12.      Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

13.      List of raw material required, analysis of all the raw materials and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

14.      Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

15.      Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

16.      If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

17.      Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

18.      Studies for muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

19.      Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

20.      Mass balance for the raw material and products should be revised and included.

21.      Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant should be incorporated.

22.      Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

23.        Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

24.      Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

25.      The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

26.      Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

27.      Air quality modelling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

28.      Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

29.      Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)     Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)   Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)   Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)  Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii) No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)   Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)   Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

30.      A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

31.      Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

32.      One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

33.      An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

34.      Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

35.      Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

36.      Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

37.      Ground water modelling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

38.      Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

39.      Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

40.      Permission for the drawl of 300 m3/day ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

41.      A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

42.      Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

43.      If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

44.      A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

45.      Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

46.      If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

47.      Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

48.      The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

49.      Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

50.      Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

51.      Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources and char. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

52.      A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS and ferro alloy slag disposal should be included. Details of secured landfill for the disposal of Ferro chrome slag and other hazardous waste as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

53.      End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

54.      All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

55.      Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

56.      Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

57.      At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

58.      Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

59.      Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included

60.      Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

61.      Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

62.      Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

63.      A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

64.      Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

65.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

(p)      Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(q)      If not, then by when is that expected?

(r)       Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(s)       What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(t)        Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board (CECB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.12        Expansion of Steel Plant alongwith Captive Power Plant (20 MW to 50 MW) at Village R.G. Peta & Srirampuram, Mandal L-Kota, District Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh by M/s Maa Mahamaya Industries Limited. (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Maa Mahamaya Industries Ltd. have proposed for the expansion of Steel Plant alongwith Captive Power Plant (20 MW to 50 MW) at Village R.G. Peta & Srirampuram, Mandal L-Kota, District Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh.  PAs confirmed that project site is 60 km. from the critically/severely polluted area. Total area was mentioned 113.67 acres and 29.95 acre.  PAs informed during presentation that project area is 132.17 acres. S. Kota is at 10 km. Vizianagram is at 35 km.   Advnapalem RF and Ellappi RF is located at 9.0 and 9.5 km respectively. Total cost of the project is Rs. 1,088.40 Crores.  Following are the details of existing and proposed expansion facility and products to be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Plants

EXISTING

PROPOSED

Unit

Capacity (TPA)

Unit

Capacity (TPA)

1.

DR Kiln

1x350

Sponge Iron

1,12,000

1x350

 Sponge Iron 1,12,000

2.

Steel Melting shop

 

 

 

 

 

Induction Furnace

4x9

Liquid Steel

1,12,000

4x20

 

Billets/Blooms

2,63,200

 

Ladle Furnace

1x20

 

1x40

 

Billet Caster

1x2 strand

 

1x2 Strand

 

VDO Unit

 

 

1x40

 

3

Rolling Mill

1,00,000

TMT Bars

1,00,000

2,50,000

Structural Steel

2,50,000

4.

Captive Power Plant

2x10 MW

Power

20 MW

1x30 MW

Power

 30 MW

 

Waste Heat Recovery Boiler

36

8 MW

42

8 MW

 

FBC Boiler

55

12 MW

110

22 MW

 

            Dolomite/lime, coal, Iron ore will be used as raw materials.  Iron ore, coal and limestone will be used for the production of sponge iron.  Waste flue gases from the kiln will pass through WHRB to generate Power.  Later, this sponge iron will be melted in induction furnace alongwith scrap to produce M.S. billets/blooms which will be fed to rolling mill to produce rolled products (beams, channels, angles, rounds and other rolled products. The char and dolochar from the sponge iron will be used in AFBC boiler as fuel to generate power.

           

Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) will be provided to DRI kiln, WHRB and AFBC boiler to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3Hot gases from DRI kilns will be used in WHRB to generate power. Fume extraction system with bag filters will be provided to control fugitive emissions from SMS and treated gas will be let out through a stack of adequate height.  Dust suppression at raw material unloading areas and dust extraction system with bag filters at all other dust covered with GI sheets to prevent fugitive emissions.

Total water requirement for the expansion from Greater Vishaka Municipal Corporation (GVMC) will be 7,200 m3/day. During presentation, PAs have informed that water requirement will be reduced to 2400 m3/day.  Closed circuit cooling system will be used in DRI plants & SMS and rolling mill air cooled condensers will be installed to reduce water consumption.  Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank. Boiler blow down will be neutralized in the neutralization tank before mixing with other effluent streams. After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a Central Monitoring Basin. The treated effluent will be used for ash conditioning, dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Sanitary waste water will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

  

            Char and dolochar from sponge iron plant will be used in AFBC boiler to generate power. Bag filter dust will be given to brick manufacturer and agarbatti manufacturers.  Accretion slag will be used for land fill.  Slag from induction furnace will be used for road construction. Ash from FBC boiler and WHRB will be stored in silo and given to brick manufacturers / cement plants.   Waste spent oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors.

 

Green belt will be developed n 33 % area. Ambient noise levels will be controlled within 75 dBA during day time and 70 dBA during night time as per notification dated 14th February, 2000. Total power generated from CPP will be 50 MW. WHRB (8MW) and AFBC (12 MW) is existing and WHRB (8 MW) and FBC (22MW) is proposed.  LDO/HSD will be used as fuel in rolling mill.      

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.        Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.        A map indicating distance between project site and critically polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

3.        A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site. A photograph of the site should also be included.

4.        Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

5.        Topography of the area should be given clearly indicating whether the site requires any filling. If so, details of filling, quantity of fill material required, its source, transportation etc. should be given.

6.        Location of national parks/wildlife sanctuary/reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

7.        Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

8.        Coordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet co-ordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet should also be included.

9.        Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

10.      Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

11.      Permission from the tribals, if tribal land has also to be acquired alongwith details of the compensation plan.

12.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

13.      A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

14.      Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

15.      List of raw material required, analysis of all the raw materials and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

16.      Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included.

17.      Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

18.      If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

19.      Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

20.      Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

21.      Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

22.      Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

23.      Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

24.       Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

25.      One season site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall and AAQ data (except monsoon) should be collected. The monitoring stations should take into account the pre-dominant wind direction, population zone and sensitive receptors including reserved forests.

26.      Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

27.      The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

28.      Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

29.      Air quality modelling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

30.      Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

31.      Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)     Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)   Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)   Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)  Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii) No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)   Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)   Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

32.      A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

33.      Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided. The alternate method of raw material and end product transportation should also be studied and details included.

34.      One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

35.      Data on existing ambient air, stack emission, fugitive emissions data; water requirement and water balance cycle; generation, re-utilization and disposal of solid/ hazardous waste for the existing plant and predicted increase in pollution load (GLCs) due to proposed expansion should be incorporated.

36.      All the environment clearances accorded by the Ministry, Consent to Establish and Operate and point-wise compliance to the specific and general conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance and Consent to Establish and Operate for all the existing plants.

37.      An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

38.      Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

39.      Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included. Information regarding surface hydrology and water regime should be included.

40.      Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

41.      Ground water modelling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

42.      Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

43.      Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

44.      Permission for the drawl of 2,400 m3/day water from Greater Vishaka Municipal Corporation (GVMC) from concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

45.      A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

46.      Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

47.      If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

48.      A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

49.      Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

50.      If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

51.      Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

52.      The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

53.      Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

54.      Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

55.      Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

56.      Details of evacuation of ash, details regarding ash pond impermeability and whether it would be lined, if so details of the lining etc. needs to be addressed.

57.      A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

58.      End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

59.      All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

60.      Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area i.e. land with not less than 1,500 trees per ha. giving details of species, width of plantation, planning schedule etc. should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

61.      Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

62.      At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

63.      Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

64.      Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included

65.      Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

66.      Details regarding infrastructure facilities such as sanitation, fuel, restroom etc. to be provided to the labour force during construction as well as to the casual workers including truck drivers during operation phase.

67.      Impact of the project on local infrastructure of the area such as road network and whether any additional infrastructure need to be constructed and the agency responsible for the same with time frame.

68.      Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

69.      Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

70.      A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

71.      Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

72.      Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

(u)      Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(v)      If not, then by when is that expected?

(w)     Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(x)      What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(y)      Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the  A.P. Pollution Control Board (APPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.13        Ferro-Alloy Plant (Ferro-Silicon 2,000 TPA) at Sy.No. 376, Village ParGi, Mandal Hindupur, District Ananthapur, Andhra Pradesh by M/s Vee Six Alloys Pvt. Ltd. (TORs)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Ferro Alloy Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

          

M/s Vee Six Alloys Pvt. Ltd. has proposed for the Ferro-Alloy Plant (Ferro-Silicon 2,000 TPA) at Sy. No. 376, Village Pargi, Mandal Hindupur, District Ananthapur, Andhra Pradesh. Total project area is 3 acres. No national park/wildlife sanctuary/ reserve forest is located within 10 km.  Village Parigi is at 0.8 km. Parigi Cheruvu and Jayamangal River is at 0.5 and 0.8 km respectively. Total cost of the project is Rs. 6.0699 Crores. Rs. 10.66 Lakhs and Rs. 4.60 Lakhs are earmarked towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures.

 

The ferro-silicon will be manufactured in electric submerged arc furnace.  It will involve blending of raw materials; charging and smelting of the raw material in electric arc furnace at 1600-17000c, tapping and cooling of the molten materials; breaking, cleaning and packing of the material. Quartz, coke and M.S. scrap, electrode paste etc. will be used as raw materials.

           

            PAs have informed that existing ambient air quality status of SPM (120.2–159.2 ug/m3), RSPM (36–52.8 ug/m3), SO2 (6.9–11.8 ug/m3) and NOx (10.5–13.2 ug/m3) is within the permissible limit. Bag filters will be provided to point source emissions.  The hood will be provided to the furnace to collect flue gases and will be discharged through the chimney.  Two-stage venturing scrubber will be provided to control gases from the furnace.  Fugitive emissions will be controlled by sprinkling of water in loading and unloading area and deducting by extraction of furnace. Bag filters followed by stack discharge will be provided to conveyor and transfer points.

 

Total ground water requirement from bore wells will be 15 m3/day and collected in water storage tanks.  A water softening plant will be installed to restrict hardness below 20 ppm.  The cooling water will be recycled/reused for cooling. The treated effluent will be used for ash conditioning, dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

  

            The slag will be sold to cast iron foundries for further utilization. Cleaning rejects  will be recycled into the production process.  Dust from air pollution control devices will be given to brick and cement manufacturers. Waste oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors.

  

 10 m wide green belt will be provided around the plant. Rain water harvesting and ground water recharging by recharge structure will be adopted to conserve water.  Power requirement will be 2.174 MW. DG set (625 KVA) will be installed.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.    Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

2.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

3.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

4.    Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

5.    Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

6.    Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

7.    A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

8.    Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

9.    List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

10.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

11.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

12.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

13.  Studies for slag, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

14.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

15.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

16.  Energy balance data for all the components of ferro alloy plant should be incorporated.

17.  Design details of Ferro Alloy Plant and manufacturing process details should be included.

18.  Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

19.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

20.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

21.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

22.  Air quality modeling for ferro alloy plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

23.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

24.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

                i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

               ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

              iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

              iv)      Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

               v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

              vi)      Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

             vii)      Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

            viii)      No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

              ix)      Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

               x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

              xi)      Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

25.    Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

26.    One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

27.    An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

28.    Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

29.    Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

30.    Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

31.    Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

32.    Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites, at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

33.    ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 15 m3/day ground water from bore wells should be included. Water balance cycle data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

34.    A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

35.    Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

36.    Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

37.    If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

38.    A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

39.    Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

40.    If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

41.    Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from all sources should be included.

42.    The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

43.    Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

44.    Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

45.    Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources should also be included. 

46.    Identification and details of land to be used for all type of slag disposal in the secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should be included.

47.    All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

48.    End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

49.    Provision of Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test for the slag and its end use should be included. 

50.    Commitment that no Ferro chrome will be manufactured without prior approval of the Ministry.

51.    Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

52.    Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

53.    Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

54.    Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans. Arsenicosis Management Planif Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water. Action Plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc.

55.    Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

56.    At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

57.    Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the ferro alloy plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

58.    Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should also be included.

59.    Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made.

60.    Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof.

 

            The Expert Committee (Industry) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the A.P. Pollution Control Board (APPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006.  On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns set out in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.14        Ferro Alloys Plant (2x6 MVA, 18,000 TPA, Fe-Mn & Si-Mn) at Plot No. 213, Growth Centre, Mandal Bobbili, District Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh by M/s Gee Bee Ferro & Power Private Ltd.  (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Ferro Alloy Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Gee Bee Ferro & Power Private Ltd. have proposed for the Ferro Alloy Plant (2x6 MVA, 18,000 TPA, Fe-Mn & Si-Mn) at Plot No. 213, Growth Centre, Mandal Bobbili, District Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh.  Total land acquired is 4 acres.  Mettaralasa village is at 2 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 18.00 Crores.  No litigation/court case is pending against the project. Rs. 72.00 Lakhs is earmarked towards capital cost for pollution control measures.  

 

            Manganese ore, coal, coke, dolomite, quartz and carbon paste will be used as raw materials. Coke will be used as one of the raw material and not as fuel in the Ferro Alloy plant. Mixture of ore, coke, coal and briquettes will be smelted in electric submerged arc furnace through electro-thermic process.  The metal will be tapped at regular intervals in pans/moulds.

 

            The furnace will be provided with a dust extraction system comprising of hood to collect the smoke and will discharge filtered smoke to the chimney. The furnace stack will be maintained as per CPCB standards. Pulse jet bag filters will be provided to control down pollution.

Total ground water requirement from bore wells will be 80 m3/day and have applied for permission for the drawal of ground water. Treated wastewater will be used for cooling purpose.  Cooling water will be passed through heat exchangers and collected in sump or holding tank.  Screens and recirculation tanks will be provided to recycle/reuse treated waste water. The treated effluent will be used for ash conditioning, dust suppression and green belt development. Fines generated during breaking and sizing of the finished metal will be sent to jigging machine and cleaned in flow of water.  The wastewater from jigging machine will be recycled/reused. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

  

            Ferro-Manganese slag will be reused in the manufacture of Silico-Manganese. Silico-Manganese slag will be initially disposed off in slag yard and later on used in filling low lying areas. Bag filter dust will be provided to brick manufacturing units. The finer collected in pollution control equipments will be taken back to raw material processing area and mixed with the ore and charged in the furnace. Waste oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors.

 

            Out of 4.00 acre, green belt will be developed in 1.32 acres. Equipment of less noise generation will be used.  Total power requirement will be 33 KVA increased to 132 KVA.  HSD will be used as fuel.

  

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.       Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

2.       A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

3.       Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

4.       Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

5.       Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

6.       Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

7.       A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

8.       Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

9.       List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

10.    Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

11.    Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

12.    If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

13.    Studies for slag, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

14.    Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

15.    Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

16.    Energy balance data for all the components of ferro alloy plant should be incorporated.

17.    Design details of Ferro Alloy Plant and manufacturing process details should be included.

18.    Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

19.    Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

20.    The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

21.    Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

22.    Air quality modeling for ferro alloy plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

23.    Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

24.    Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

                i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

               ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

              iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

              iv)      Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

               v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

              vi)      Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

             vii)      Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

            viii)      No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

              ix)      Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

               x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

              xi)      Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

25.    Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

26.    One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

27.    An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

28.    Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

29.    Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

30.    Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

31.    Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

32.    Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites, at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

33.    ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 80 m3/day ground water from bore wells should be included. Water balance cycle data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

34.    A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

35.    Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

36.    Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

37.    If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

38.    A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

39.    Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

40.    If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

41.    Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from all sources should be included.

42.    The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

43.    Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

44.    Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

45.    Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources should also be included. 

46.    Identification and details of land to be used for all type of slag disposal in the secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should be included.

47.    All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

48.    End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

49.    Provision of Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test for the slag and its end use should be included. 

50.    Commitment that no Ferro chrome will be manufactured without prior approval of the Ministry.

51.    Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

52.    Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

53.    Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

54.    Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans. Arsenicosis Management Planif Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water. Action Plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc.

55.    Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

56.    At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

57.    Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the ferro alloy plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

58.    Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should also be included.

59.    Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made.

60.    Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof.

 

            The Expert Committee (Industry) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the A.P. Pollution Control Board (SPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006.  On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns set out in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

            During presentation, PAs have submitted a copy of order dated 9.3.1998 from Panchyat Raj & Rural Development in support of notification of industrial estate/area. PAs were requested to submit a copy of the Gazette Notification issued by the Govt. of A.P. and decision regarding exemption from public hearing will be taken accordingly. Other-wise, decision as mentioned above is final.

 

 

4.15        Expansion of Ferro Alloy Plant (Fe-Mn & Si-Mn) by installing 5.5 MVA SAF) at Mouza Nacrajoria, P.S. Salanpur, District Burdwan, West Bengal by M/s Hira Concast Limited. (TORs) 

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Ferro Alloy Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Hira Concast Limited  have proposed for the  expansion of Ferro Alloy Plant (Fe-Mn & Si-Mn) by installing 5.5 MVA SAF) at Mouza Nacrajoria, P.S. Salanpur, District Burdwan, West Bengal.  Total existing project area is 6.68 acres and expansion will be carried out in the same campus.  Environment clearance for the existing plant is accorded by the Ministry vide letter No.J-11011/533/2008 dated 11th December, 2008. ‘Consent for Establishment’ for the existing is accorded by the WBPCB vide letter dated 6th May, 2009.  ‘Consent to Operate’ under Air and Water Act has also been accorded.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 1,063.31 Lakhs. Following will be manufactured:

 

Facilities

Products (TPA)

Existing :

M.S. Ingots (Induction Furnace

53,000

* High Carbon Fe-Mn(7.5 MVA SAF)

15,225

* High Carbon Si-Mn(SAF)

11,455

Proposed :

High Fe-Mn (5.5 MVA)

12,330

High Carbon Si-Mn SAF

9,280

 

*Under installation.  

 

During presentation, PAs have informed that existing plant is under trial run. Ferro Alloy (Fe-Mn & Si-Mn) will be manufactured in submerged arc furnace by reduction smelting process.  Metallic ores (Fe2O3, Silicon oxide, MnO2 etc.) and reducing agent (coke, charcoal, wood chips) and lime stone as a flux material will be used.  High temperature in reaction zone and carbon will heat the metal oxide to from CO and to reduce ores to base metal. Hot liquid metal and slag will be tapped separately.  The metal cokes after cooling will be broken to 12 inch size and cleaned to chip off slag. Manganese ore, coke & coal, Iron ore, High MnO2 ore and dolomite will be used as raw materials.

 

            Fume extraction system with smoke suction hood, heat exchanger, bag filter scrubber ID fan and stack (30 m) will be provided to control emission. Dust suppression system will be provided at raw material handling areas. Covered conveyor belt will be provided to control fugitive dust.

Total water requirement from will be 4 m3/day. Cooling tower blow down will be collected in the guard pond and recycled/reused for dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

 

            Slag will be sold. Fe-Mn slag will be used in manufacturing Si-Mn.   Waste/used/spent oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors. Solid waste(10 MTPM) is being generated from existing induction furnace. 

 

            Power (5.5 MVA) will be sourced from DVC. Employment to 38 additional persons will be provided.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.       A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

2.       Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

3.       Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

4.       Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

5.       Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

6.       Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

7.       A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

8.       Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

9.       List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

10.    Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

11.    Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

12.    If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

13.    Studies for slag, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

14.    Commitment that instead of char from local sources, petro coke will be used as fuel should be included.

15.    Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

16.    Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

17.    Energy balance data for all the components of ferro alloy plant should be incorporated.

18.    Design details of Ferro Alloy Plant including manufacturing process details should be included.

19.    Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

20.    Data on existing ambient air, stack emission, fugitive emissions data; water requirement and water balance cycle; generation, re-utilization and disposal of solid/ hazardous waste for the existing plant and predicted increase in pollution load (GLCs) due to proposed expansion should be incorporated.

21.    Point-wise compliance to the specific and general conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance for the existing plant.

22.    Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

23.    The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

24.    Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

25.    Air quality modeling for ferro alloy plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

26.    Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

27.    Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)     Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)   Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)   Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)  Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii) No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)   Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)   Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

28.  Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

29.  One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

30.  An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

31.  Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

32.  Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

33.  Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

34.  Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

35.  Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites, at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

36.  ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 4 m3/day water should be included. Water balance cycle data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

37.  A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

38.  Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

39.  Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

40.  If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

41.  A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

42.  Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

43.  If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

44.  Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from all sources should be included.

45.  The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

46.  Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

47.  Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

48.  Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources should also be included. 

49.  Identification and details of land to be used for all type of slag disposal in the secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should be included.

50.  All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

51.  End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

52.  Provision of Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test for the slag and its end use should be included. 

53.  Commitment that no Ferro chrome will be manufactured without prior approval of the Ministry.

54.  Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

55.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

56.  Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

57.  Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans. Arsenicosis Management Planif Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water. Action Plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc.

58.  Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

59.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

60.  Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the ferro alloy plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

61.  Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should also be included.

62.  Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made.

63.  Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof.

 

            The Expert Committee (Industry) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP. As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the West Bengal Pollution Control Board (WBPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006.  On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns set out in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

             

4.16        Ferro Alloy Plant (1x9 MVA, SAF; Fe-Mn, 21,450 TPA or Si-Mn 14,700 TPA) at Village Dewandighi, P.O. Burdwan, District Burdwan, West Bengal by M/s Himshila Ferro Alloys (Pvt.) Ltd. (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Ferro Alloy Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Himshila Ferro Alloys (Pvt.) Ltd. have proposed for the Ferro Alloy Plant (1x9 MVA, SAF; Fe-Mn, 21,450 TPA or Si-Mn 14,700 TPA) at Village Dewandighi, P.O. Burdwan, District Burdwan, West Bengal.  Total land acquired is 2.77 acres.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 2564.30 Lakhs. Following will be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Product

Capacity

1st Phase

2nd Phase

3rd Phase

1.

High Carbon Ferro- Manganese

21,450

15,015

16,088

17,160

2.

Silico-Manganese

14,700

10,832

11,509

12,186

 

            Mn Ore , coke coal and dolomite will be used as raw materials.  Raw material will be smelted in submerged arc furnace.  Molten alloy will be poured with the help of ladle. The mould will be cooled by circulation of cold water with the help of cooling tower.  Molten alloy and slag will be tapped separately.  Hot liquid metal will be moulded in moulds or cast iron pan.

           

Bag filters will be provided to submerged arc furnace to control emissions within 100 mg/Nm3 but committee insisted for 50 mg/Nm3. Dust extraction system including bag filters/ scrubbers, centrifugal fans and FD cooler, hood etc. will be provided. Dust suppression system will be used to control fugitive emissions.

Total water requirement from bore wells will be 6 m3/day and have applied for the same on 21st August, 2009. Cooling tower blow down will be collected in a guard pond and recycled/ reused for dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

  

            Ferro Manganese will be used for manufacture of Silico-Manganese. Silico-Manganese slag will be used for filling low lying areas. Waste oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors.

  

            Out of 2.77 acres, green belt will be developed in 0.9 acres. 8.5 MVA (8.500 MVA) power will be sourced from DVC.  50 and 30 persons will be employed during construction and operation phase.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs :

 

1.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

2.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

3.    Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

4.    Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

5.    Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

6.    A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

7.    Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

8.    List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

9.    Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

10.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

11.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

12.  Studies for slag, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

13.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

14.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

15.  Energy balance data for all the components of ferro alloy plant should be incorporated.

16.  Design details of Ferro Alloy Plant including manufacturing process details should be included.

17.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

18.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

19.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

20.  Air quality modeling for ferro alloy plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

21.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

22.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

i)        Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)       Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)     Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)     Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)    Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii)   No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)     Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)     Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

23.          Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

24.          One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

25.          An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

26.          Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.