MINUTES OF 47th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 23rd-24th APRIL 2012 IN SCOPE COMPLEX, LODI ROAD, NEW DELHI.

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 47th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 23rd-24th April 2012 in SCOPE Convention Centre, SCOPE Complex, New Delhi to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 45th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 19th-20th March 2012 was confirmed subject to the following correction:

 

Item No.10: Last para, 1st line stands deleted.

 

The agenda items were taken up as given below:

 

1.       Sondiha OC-cum-UG Coalmine Project (1 MTPA peak in an ML area of 810     ha) of M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp. Ltd., located in dist.    Sarguja, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR dated 23.12.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that Sondiha Coalmine Project is in Tatapani coal field and it is first mine in this area. 6 other blocks are proposed in the area. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast-cum-underground coalmine project of a total production capacity of 1 MTPA in an ML area of 810 ha. Of the total ML area, 197.257 ha is forestland (of which 130.223 ha is revenue forestland (Chote Jhad ke Jungle), 482.42 ha is revenue land (of which 445.1 ha is revenue private land and 37.54 ha is Govt. land). It was informed that an application for diversion of forestland has been made to Govt. of Chhattisgarh on 29.03.2012.The proposal has been recommended by DFO and by CF for Stage –I FC and forwarded to nodal officer (CCF). There are no ecologically sensitive areas in the 10km buffer zone. It was informed that the proposed elephant corridor at Tamarpur and Badalikha is about 20 km away from the mine site. A Wild Life Conservation Plan has been prepared. Pratappur PF is found within the block and Ranhat PF is at a distance of 0.4 km towards south, Manpura RF is at a distance of 6 km towards north, Kusumkholi RF is at 8.7 km in the south. Andharwa nala originates from the block. Moran River flows at a distance of 2.5 km towards the east. Of total ML area of 810 ha, 528.48 ha (65.24 %) of land area would be disturbed and 281.52 ha (34.76 %) of land would be left undisturbed. Area under opencast mining is 369 ha and area under underground mining is 162.57 ha (which falls in undisturbed area). Grade of coal is A-G. The total mineabale reserves is 37.633 MT of which 29.036 MT is by OC and 8.597 MT is by UG). The rated capacity of 1 MTPA would be reached by opencast method by 15th year and thereafter from 16th year onwards, production would be 0.75 MTPA by OC and 0.25 MTPA by UG mining. The land use area for opencast mining includes 5 ha for topsoil dump, 120 ha for ext. OB dumps, 369.01 ha for quarry area, 2 ha for settling pond, 2 ha for CHP, 1.50 ha for cola stockyard, 8.32 ha for colony, 5 ha for Facilities for OC and 2.50 ha for UG, 4 ha for roads, 9.15 ha is for green belt, and 281.52 ha is undisturbed. Method of mining is opencast by shovel-dumper and UG mining is by Bord & Pillar method. Ultimate working depth is 240m bgl by OC and 360m bgl by UG mining. Water table is in the range of 2.8m-13.45m bgl. Of the total estimated OB generation, 378.18 Mm3 of OB would be backfilled which would be raised to 60m above ground level. In addition, an estimated OB generation of 50.96 Mm3 would be dumped externally. An estimated 2.22 Mm3 of topsoil would be generated. Coal transportation from Sondiha coal block would be by 30T dumpers to the nearest railway siding. OB will be transported by dumpers to surface dump and for backfilling. After 33 years, the total excavated area would be 369.01 ha of which 203.560 ha would be backfilled. An area of 165.45 ha void would be left at the post mining stage. It was informed that the depth of void would be reduced from 240m to 40m. The total water requirement is 1130 m3/d of which 645 m3/d is for mine operations, 485 m3/d is for drinking drawn from bore wells. About 1013 PAFs in 5 villages namely Bartikala, Savitripur, Injani, Bhagwanpur Jiraat, Bhagwanpur Khas would be displaced. R&R cost is Rs 161.13 crores. Life of the mine is 36 years (OC + UG). Capital cost of the project is Rs 575 crores. CSR for a total budget of Rs 2.50 crores (capital) and Rs 51.55 lakhs as annual recurring CSR costs has been prepared. Cost of EMP is Rs 500 lakhs. Mining Plan has been approved by the Ministry of Coal on 06.07.2011. Public hearing has been conducted on 20.12.2011.

 

The Committee observed that 40% of mining area is under forest area with a density of 0.4. The Committee desired that social cost benefit analysis should have been carried out.  The Committee desired that the proponent should examine whether underground mining could be carried out in areas with high forest density. The Committee desired that whether the top seam VII proposed to be mined by OC method could be left undisturbed. The Committee observed that the proposed OC mining upto 240m depth would cause great damage to the environment. The Committee desired that the proponent should get a study carried out for examining the best options of mining vis-à-vis cost-benefit analysis on the social and environmental aspects of the various mining technologies available. The Committee desired that the study team should include experts drawn from mining engineering, forestry, ecology, sociology and environmental economics. The Committee also desired that since the area has high tribal population, who would be affected by proposed project, the proponent could consult experts such as Dr B.D. Sharma, expert on tribal issues. The Committee also desired that a Tribal Welfare Plan should be prepared as part of the project, with specific allocation of funds for implementation of tribal development plan on long-term basis. The Committee desired that the R&R and CSR Plan should be provided in English. The Committee desired that social audit should be carried out by institutions such as the IIT and regular monitoring carried out on the implementation CSR and R&R. The Committee desired that the capital budget for CSR should be raised from Rs 50 lakhs to Rs 2.5 crores. The Committee desired that the proponent examine use of Bhatgaon Railway siding, which is 80 km from the mine for coal transportation, with the permission of SECL for use of the Siding. The Committee desired that transportation of coal from the nearest railway line should be given priority.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid issues.

 

 

2.       Durgapur II/Sariya Coal Block (2 MTPA) of M/s DB Power Limited, located in Mand-Raigarh Coalfields, District Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 23.10.2008)

 

The project was earlier considered in EAC meeting held on 28th-29th November 2011. The proponent made a presentation.  It was informed that a Writ Petition No. 3876 of 2011 has been filed in the Hon’ble High Court of Chhattisgarh at Bilaspur against the proposed mining project in Dharmajaigarh Nagar Panchayat Area. The Hon’ble High Court of Chhattisgarh had issued Ex-parte Interim Order on 9.12.2011 and vacated the stay on 03.01.2012. The proponent presented the details of the Orders of the Hon’ble Court before the Committee. It was informed that the mining lease area has been reduced from the original ML area of 693.326 ha to 540.750 ha after the conduct of Public Hearing as there was widespread opposition against the project for acquisition of Dharmajaygarh town which formed a part of the lease and the details of the changes made to the land use of the ML were presented to the Committee as given in Tables 1 and 2 below.

 

            Table 1: Details of Land Use for Mining Lease

 

Land Type

Pre-Public Hearing land (ha)

Post-Public Hearing land (ha)

(A)

Revenue land

423.50

 

250.351

(B)

Revenue Record

Chote Jhar ke Jungle )

56.731

14.971

(C)

Forest Land

(Bade Jhar ke Jungle)

134.975

214.595

(D)

Protected Forest land

 

78.120

60.833

 

 

Total A+B+C+D

 

693.326

 

540.750

 

 

            Table 2: Land use details of mine lease based on revenue record

S.N.

Land use

Area in ha

1.

Agriculture land

236.354

2.

Forest

290.399(Revenue & PF)

3.

Waste land

3.642

4.

Grazing land

nil

5.

Surface Water body

0.542

6.

Others

09.813

 

Total

540.750

 

Of the total ML area of 540.75 ha, quarry area would be 517.46 ha and an estimated 409.10 Mm3 of waste (including 1.55 Mm3 of topsoil) would be generated. The proponent informed that as per the earlier proposal, the height of the 2 external OB dumps were 100m, the height of one OB towards East Pit has been subsequently reduced to 60m in an area of 20ha but the height of West Pit would remain the same i.e.100m in an area of 150 ha. It was stated that there would be no change in area of OB dumps. An estimated  93.77Mm3 of OB is proposed to be stored in external dumps (86.87 Mm3 in West Pit and 6.90 Mm3 over East Pit .The external dumps would be temporary. The height of surface dump will remain less than 80m up to 14th year and would reach 100m during 15th year and reduced to 80m again during 18th year. It was informed that that the entire OB would be backfilled into the voids of an area of 517.48 ha up to adjoining ground level and all OB from the external OB dumps would be re-handled and backfilled into the excavated area. About 20.45 Mm3 OB would be stored on the backfilled area of 300 ha to a height of 10m above the adjoining ground level. An estimated 217.48 ha land would be reclaimed with proper treatment of top soil. There will be no void left at the end of the mine life.

 

The proponent presented details of possible routes of movement of elephants in the study area. It was informed that a Wildlife Conservation Plan has been prepared in consultation with BALCO, whose Durgapur-Taraimar coal mine forms the adjoining block, for free movement of animals through the coal mines between adjoining forest areas but the same is under consideration of the PCCF (Wildlife), Govt. of Chhattisgarh. It was informed that the elephants occasionally visit the study area from Orissa and Jharkhand in search of habitat.  They move from East Corridor (Bhupdevpur-Gharghoda-Dharmanjaygarh). It was informed that a provision of Rs 6.5 crores has been made for implementation of the Wildlife Conservation Plan, of which Rs 4.685 crores has been earmarked for elephant related initiatives such as solar fencing, water holes and dusting place, habitat improvement, activities of village committees including publicity and awareness campaigns, compensation for loss/damage, etc.

 

The proponent informed that 21 tribal PAFs belong to Taraimar village. It was stated that a total of 119 PAPs (including land losers), who are ST would be affected by the project. They would be compensated as per provisions of the Panchayat Extension in Scheduled Areas (PESA) Act, 1996. It was informed that an R&R Plan would be submitted to the MOEF after approval by the District Commissioner. A separate budget of Rs 7.70 crores has been provided in the R&R for tribals PAFs.

 

The Committee desired that the mined out area should be completely backfilled upto ground level and reclaimed with plantation consisting of native species of the pre-mining ecosystem and should also include bamboo and grass species as a part of Habitat Restoration for the elephants for which an additional Rs 30 lakhs should be provided. The Committee also desired that the temporary external OB dumps should be stabilised with grass species until the 14th year when the re-handling begins. The Committee desired that the area between the mine and the township and the mine and agricultural fields should be planted with a 50m thick 3-tier plantation (after extraction of coal) to act as a shield against fugitive particulate emissions from the mine operations. The Committee also desired that the project specific WL Conservation Plan should be dove-tailed with the Regional WL Conservation Plan prepared by the State Govt. for which the proponent has earmarked an additional Rs 30 lakhs. Villagers and local communities should form an important stakeholder in the implementation of the WL Conservation Plan and Habitat Restoration Programme. The Committee desired that proponent should pursue with the Railway authorities for establishment of a railway siding as existing one at Kharsia is about 70 km away from mine. The Committee recommended coal transportation by 30-T mechanically covered trucks until a railway line gets operational within 5 years of mine operation. The Committee further desired that the loading arrangements at the railway siding should be by hopper /mechanical loading. The Committee noted that the issues of land acquisition, which form the crux of the Court Case, need to be considered by the State Government vide norms laid down under the various regulations for land acquisition and vide norms laid down by the State Government and in the R&R Policy. The Committee desired that the matter of rehabilitating and resettlement of projects affected families/persons should also be in compliance with the provisions laid down under PESA. The Committee sought details of the approved R&R Plan and CSR Action Plan with budgetary provisions.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project based on receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

3.       Brahmpuri Underground Coalmine Project (0.36 MTPA peak in an ML area of 360 ha) of M/s Pushp Steels & Mining (P) Ltd., located in located in Pench-Kanhan Coalfields, dist. Chindwara, M.P. (Further consideration of EC based on granted TOR dated 07.07.2009)

 

The proposal was earlier considered on 18th July 2011 and details sought therein were further considered.

 

The proponent informed that every effort would be taken for coal transportation by mechanically covered trucks, however, until such time when such trucks are available, trucks covered by tarpaulin would meanwhile be used.

 

The Committee observed that fugitive dust emissions from coal transportation is the major cause of respiratory problems of the habitations along routes of transport. The Committee decided that the proposal would be considered only after the proponent has furnished details of evidence of positive action taken for procurement of mechanically covered trucks (either nationally or internationally) through advertisements providing specifications of the requirements.

 

The Committee decided to defer consideration of the project till receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

4.        Fatehpur Opencast Coalmine Project (2 MTPA normative and 3 MTPA peak in an ML area of 719.761 ha) of M/s Fatehpur Coal Mining Company Pvt. Ltd., located in Tehsil Kharasia, Dist. Raigarh & Korba, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that Fatehpur Coal Block was allocated jointly to M/s SKS Ispat & Power Ltd (SKSIPL) and M/s Prakash Industries Ltd (PIL), vide letter no 38011/1/2007-CA –I dated 06.02.2008 by Ministry of Coal. Fatehpur Coal Mining Company Pvt. Ltd. (FCMCPL) incorporated on 12.05.2008 as a Joint Venture Company formed by the two allottees. It was stated that as per the Allocation Letter of MOC, M/s SKS Ispat & Power Ltd (SKSIPL) has been given a share of 73.86 MT (61.55% of the total reserve) and M/s Prakash Industries Ltd (PIL) has been given 46.15 MT (38.45% of total reserve). It was informed that EC had been obtained Vide letter NO. J-13012/64/2008-IA II(T) dated 5.10.2010 for the linked TPP and construction activity has started. It was clarified that the late application made for TOR for the coal block which was made on 6th February 2008 was due to a court case on the matter of sharing of coal between the two parties, which has been sorted out now.

 

It was informed that of the total 719.761 ha, 556.72 ha is forestland (of which 88.09 ha is Reserve Forest and 468.63 ha is Protected Forests), 43.437 ha is Govt. land and 119.604 ha is private land. Pupka/Dev Pahadi RF is found 3 km in north–west direction and Fatehpur PF is found in the lease area. As per forest records, the density of forest is 0.5. Mining would be opencast using shovel-dumper. Application for diversion of forestland has been made to the State Govt. Ultimate working depth would be 250m. Coal grade is E-F. The total estimated OB generation from the mine is 22.82 Mm3. Life of the project is 25 years. Capital coast of the project is Rs 210.42 crores. Budgetary provision made for EMP is Rs 6 crores. The total water requirements 695 m3/d. OB generated would be transported by dumpers to external dumps.

 

The Committee sought details of status of EC for the two linked power projects and distance from the coalmine and mode of coal evacuation. The Committee observed that the presentation made is very vague without any geological map, geological section, geology of area, the same should be provided. The Committee sought details of extent of the coal reserves beneath the forestland and whether underground mining could be carried out in the forest areas. The Committee desired that satellite imagery is required for the study area instead of Google map.

 

The Committee desired that the proponent study various options of mining including a combination of OC-UG mining as the coal mine is located in highly dense forests. The Committee desired that social cost benefit analysis should be carried out on impacts of opencast mining on environment and social components, instead of choosing a technology for only coal conservation by opencast mining. 

 

The Committee decided to further consider the proposal after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

5.        Choritand-Tilaiya Coal Block (OC and UG) (0.8 MTPA over 299.73 ha) of M/s C.T. Mining Pvt. Ltd. located in West Bokaro Coalfields, Dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 28.05.2010)

 

The proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine project in West Bokaro Coalfields by CT Mining Private Ltd, a JV company comprising of two companies - M/s Rungta Mines Limited and M/s Sunflag Iron & Steel Company Limited. The proposal was earlier considered on 22.11.2010 and the information furnished by the proponent was further considered.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proponent had examined the options for transport of coal from mine to Railway Siding by conveyors and informed that it did not appear feasible as the belt route passes through forestland for a length of about 2.5 km and it is unlikely that forestry clearance would be granted. The line also crosses through Jogeswar village, which is thickly populated and part of area falls in hillocks. With regard to issue of re-examining the matter of rehandling of OB from the external dumps into decoaled voids to further reduce the final mine void and to reduce the overall height of the external dump, it was informed that the matter has been examined and the height of external OB dump is being reduced from 80m to 38m. The depth of final mine void would also be reduced from 130m to 40m. It was informed that a one season data has been collected from March 2011 to May 2011. It was informed that a clarification has been obtained vide letter no 194(WL)/10-11/346 Ranchi dated 26.03.2012 from PCCF (WL) and CWLW, Govt. of Jharkhand which states that there is no reported Schedule-I fauna found in the study area. It was informed that there are 204 PAFs and 1230 PAPs. The 52 PAFs from Tilaiya, Dakasadam and Dakasadam outside the block are land losers only. An R&R Plan for a total cost of Rs 5490.53 lakhs has been prepared. It was informed that the total cost of land acquisition and resettlement colony development would be Rs 4785.46 lakhs. A CSR Plan for specific villages over the life of the project for a capital cost @0.4% of the total project cost and annual recurring budget of Rs 39.5 lakhs and specific activities identified there under. Public Hearing was held on 19.08.2010 and issues raised were presented in a tabular form. It was informed that a provision of Rs 2.5 crores has been made for the capital costs for CSR.

 

The Committee noted that a railway line passes very near the mine, and the proponent should examine the feasibility of establishing a railway siding and related infrastructure within or adjoining the coal mine, since the mine has a life of about 17 years. The Committee also desired that the forestland should not be disturbed and the proposed sites for external OB dumps of 80m height beyond the railway line should also not be used for establishing the railway siding. The Committee agreed that transportation by road could be permitted for an initial period of 2 years, however, thereafter, it should be by rail. The Committee after discussions, desired that the proponent re-examine the matter of storing OB on the mineralised area within the ML and re-handling of OB for backfilling as the mine advances and examine sites suitable for the establishment of the railway siding and associated infrastructure (conveyor, etc). The Committee desired that the R&R Plan should provide for annuities which should be raised from Rs.1500/-month to Rs.2500 /month. The Committee desired that Third-Party social audit and regular monitoring on the implementation CSR and R&R should be carried out annually. The Committee noted that the issues raised in the Public Hearing have not been properly addressed. The Committee desired that the table should with details of persons raising the issues, the commitments made during the Public Hearing and status thereof in another column along with budgetary provisions should be furnished in a tabular form.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

 

6.        Kesla North Opencast and Underground Coalmine Project (0.30 MTPA in an ML area of 750ha) of M/s Rathi Steel and Power Ltd., dist. Korba, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR granted on 28.05.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Kesla North coal block has been allotted to M/s Rathi Udyog Ltd (renamed as M/s Rathi Steel & Power Limited). It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast-cum-underground coalmine project in district Korba, Chhattisgarh, of a total production capacity of 0.3 MTPA in an ML area of 750 ha. There are no National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries and Biosphere Reserves found in the 10km study area. Ajgarbahar forest at the distance of 3.1 km in the north–west side of the block. Of the total ML area of 750 ha, 471.687 ha is forest land,278.313 ha is village land ( 22.784 ha is  from Tapra,95.911 ha is from Bela and 159.618 is other govt. land. Of the total ML area, 157.71 ha is for  opencast mining involving 83.85 ha forest land and 592.29 ha is for underground mining involving 387.837 ha of forest land. Of the total extractable reserves, 1.994 MT is from OC mining and 12.266 MT is from UG mining. Of the total reserves, 29.095 MT is A-B-C grade coal and 4.329 MT is D grade and 2.724 MT is E-F-G grade coal. Method of opencast mining is by shovel-dumper combination and UG mining is Bord and Pillar method with 3 pairs of Incline. Ultimate working depth is 50m bgl for OC mining and 265m bgl for UG mining. All other facilities are planned in non-forest area. Out of total 129.73 ha of excavation to be carried out in 3 quarries, 50.27 ha is in forest area and 76.46 ha is in non-forest area. It was informed that the village road from Bela to Nawadi village would get affected as it forms a part of quarry-1 area of OC mining. It is proposed to provide an alternate route to the villagers. Suramal nala flows in the north and Karijhiriya nala in the south and constitute the main drainage of the area. These along with two seasonal streamlets originate from Bela Dam, drain the area and cross the Kesla block. Three ponds are also found within the block boundary. The project does not involve nala diversion. The total OB generation is 35.67 Mm3 and topsoil would be 0.76 Mm3. Groundwater table is in the range of 6 to 12m bgl in core zone. The total estimated water requirement for the project is 586 m3/d of which 310 m3/d is for mine operation to be obtained from mine pit water and the balance 276 m3/d would be for drinking and domestic use and sourced form bore wells. Coal transportation would be by 10-T dumpers within the mine and OB removal would be by 50-T dumpers within mine.  Coal from Kesla block to Sambalpur Plants would be by road by 30-T trucks or from nearest rail head (Korba, 15 km aerially and 35 km by road) and thereafter it would be transported by rail to plant premises in Sambalpur (Orissa) at a distance of 300km. It was informed that R&R consist of 57 PAFs and 123 sub-families of which 3 PAFs (8 sub-families) would be displaced. In addition, the project involves 327 land losers. No resettlement colony is being proposed. Life of the project is 11 years for OC and 51 years for UG mining. Public Hearing was held on 07.12.2011. Mining Plan was approved by Ministry of Coal on 07.12.2011. Total capital cost of the project is Rs 110 crores. The total provision for EMP is Rs 439.89 lakhs (capital) and Rs 110.71 lakhs (recurring).

 

The Committee desired that the mining process should be started from bottom up and in a sequential manner so that a void is left as a water body only in Quarry-3. The Committee noted that since the gradient is also towards lower side and water channels would be protected, the entire process of mining should be reversed. The Committee further desired that areas with high density forests should be left out for the time being until better technological options are available for extraction of coal without disturbing the surface features and OC mining could be carried out in Quarry-1 and 3. The Committee sought details of coal transportation from mine to end users and desired that coal transportation should be done by rail only and road transportation if any in the initial year should be by mechanically covered trucks. The Committee suggested the use of railway siding at Murga. The Committee observed that the mine is only 15 km away from Korba area which is critically polluted area. The Committee desired that the proponent should follow the norms/mitigative measures prepared by CPCB for Korba area, as applicable. The Committee observed that the mine is in a predominantly tribal area and permission vide provisions  under PESA may also require to be obtained.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the proposal upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

7.        Dumping of flyash of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd. in decoaled mine voids of Jagannath OCP of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., located in dsit. Angul, Orissa (Further consideration)

 

The proposal is for dumping flyash generated from their 410 MW TPP of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd in the decoaled abandoned coal mine voids of Jagannath OCP of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. Both M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd and M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. made a joint presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for utilisation of fly ash generated from 410 MW TPP (2x150 + 1x33+ 1x77 MW) of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd into abandoned coal mine void of Jagannath of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., in Talcher Coalfields, Dist. Angul, Orissa. The ash generation is about 3234T/month. The ash is proposed to be filled in quarry No IV of Jagannath OCP of MCL. The proposal was considered in EAC (T&C) meetings held on 3rd-4th January 2012 and on 21st-22nd February 2012. It was recalled that in the meetings, M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd had informed that it has carried out physical analysis, chemical analysis and leaching studies, Hydrogeological studies of Jagannath OCP by using remote sensing and GIS techniques. M/s Bhushan Steel informed that the flyash is alkaline in nature and not acidic. It was informed that the Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar also carried out leachability analysis and submitted its report on 14.10.2011. It was informed that the ground water level varies from 3.89-8.56m bgl during pre-monsoon and 1.85 to 5.26m bgl post monsoon. The aquifers depth ranges from 100m to 120m bgl. It was informed that the levels of heavy/toxic metal content in the leachates of ash proposed to be dumped in quarry No. IV of Jagannath OCP of MCL, Talcher are well within limits of potable water standards. It was informed that the underneath geological strata is impervious due to alternate beds of sands and shale with intercalation of clay. It was informed that the reports of these detailed studies have been submitted to SPCB, Orissa. It was further informed that BARC has been given work for determining long-term heavy metal toxicity studies on aquifer life system. The proponent had also informed that TPP operations are being curtailed due to paucity of land for dumping of flyash.

 

The matter had been brought before the EAC (T&C) for further consideration in view of the studies carried out by M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd. as presented to the EAC in the meetings earlier.

 

The EAC (T&C) discussed the matter with reference to the MOEF Notification dated 03.11.2009 on Flyash Utilisation, the relevant extracts of which are reproduced below:

 

(7) “No agency, person or organisation shall within a radius of hundred kilometres of a coal or lignite based thermal power plant undertake or approve or allow reclamation and compaction of low lying areas with soil, only flyash shall be used for compaction and reclamation and they shall also ensure that such reclamation and compaction is done in accordance with the specifications and guidelines laid down by the authorities mentioned in sub-para (1) of para (3).

 

(8) (i) No person or agency shall within fifty kilometres (by road) from coal or lignite based thermal power plants, undertake or approve stowing of mine using at least 25% of flyash on weight to weight basis, of the total stowing materials used and this shall be done under the guidance of the Director General of Mines safety (DGMS);

 

Provided that such thermal power stations shall facilitate the availability of required quality and quantity of flyash as may be decided by the expert committee referred in sub-paragraph (10) for this purpose.

 

(ii)        No person or agency shall within fifty kilometres (by road) from coal or lignite based thermal power plants, undertake or approve without using at least 25% of flyash on volume to volume basis of the total materials used for external dump of overburden and same percentage in upper benches of backfilling of opencast mines and this shall be done under the guidance of the Director General of Mine Safety (DGMS).

 

Provided that such thermal power stations shall facilitate the availability of required quality and quantity of flyash as may be decided by the expert committee referred in sub-paragraph (10) for this purpose.”

 

The EAC observed that the dumping of flyash into mine voids vide the aforesaid provisions appears to be for operating mines only and the approval of DGMS is from safety angle  alone to ensure that the dumps do not collapse due to problems of instability. The matter of environmental hazards of leaching and long-term impacts of flyash dumping on environment which are very important have not been brought out through Guidelines or Technical Guidance Manual on the use of flyash under the MOEF Notification dated 03.11.2009. The Committee further observed that insofar as dumping of flyash of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd is concerned, it is planned to dump 100% of flyash slurry (without mixing with OB) into abandoned decoaled mine voids of Jagannath Opencast Coalmine, which are not operational. The Committee also noted that long-term studies on the impacts of this large-scale dumping of flyash have not been carried out. The Committee’s attention was drawn to a news item of Indian Express dated 24.04.2012 of a study conducted by Department of Geology, University of Delhi, which has observed high levels of heavy metal Arsenic (5 times beyond WHO safety limits) in the groundwater due to dumping of flyash generated from Thermal Power Stations of Delhi in the flood plains of River Yamuna in Delhi, during their operation. The Committee reiterated that M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd has not explored other options of utilisation of flyash, such as use of flyash for clinker production in cement plants. The Committee stated that flyash is also being exported to other countries and this option has also not been explored by the company. The Committee observed that the proponent has opted for the easiest method of disposal without fully examining the negative externalities and the likely long-term health hazards.

 

The Committee after discussions decided the following:

(i)       The studies got carried out by M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd should be forwarded to ITRC,   Lucknow for their analysis and comments.

(ii)      The concerns of EAC on the long-terms impacts of flyash dumping into mine voids     should be referred to the Expert Committee under Ministry of Coal vide para (10) of the    Flyash Notification dated 03.11.2009 seeking their response on the overall        environmental issues of dumping of flyash in mine voids.

 

The Committee also decided that after obtaining the comments as above, the issue would be further deliberated by the EAC (Thermal Power) as the environmental clearance was granted by MOEF on the basis of the recommendation by EAC (Thermal Power) on the expansion of the Thermal Power Project of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd and hence, the matter of generation and dumping of flyash from the expansion of their Thermal Power Project requires further consideration by the same Committee. The EAC also decided that similar cases of M/s NTPC and of M/s NALCO would also be considered henceforth by EAC (Thermal Power) in the context of ECs recommended by that EAC (Thermal Power) for their power projects generating the flyash. Similar cases of flyash dumping received henceforth of power projects granted EC would also be taken up by EAC (Thermal Power).

 

 

8.        Niljai Deep Opencast Project (expn. of ML area from 1346.63 ha to 1761.22             ha at production capacity of 3.50 MTPA) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.,        located in Tehsil Wani, district Yavatmal, Maharashtra (Further        consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal was earlier considered on 2nd-3rd January 2012 for TOR and the proposal was further considered on the information furnished by the proponent.

 

The proponent made a presentation. The proponent presented details of the present and proposed expansion for the major operational parameters. It was informed that there would be no change in peak production capacity of 3.5 MTPA, no forestland is involved and no change in mining method that is opencast mining by shovel-dumper combination. It was informed that the expansion involved expansion of ML area from 1346.63 ha to 1761.22 ha and of the total additional area to be acquired, 382.34 ha is agricultural land, 32.25 ha is Govt. land. The total estimated OB generation would also increase from 67.915 Mm3 to 383.51Mm3 as the mine is proposed to be deepened involving higher stripping ratio of 12.39 cum/t. Of the total OB generation, 244 Mm3 of OB would be stored externally and 138.86 Mm3 of OB would be backfilled into two quarries (Quarry-I: 126.13 Mm3 & Quarry–II: 12.73 Mm3). It was informed that as per the conceptual mine closure plan for the ML area of 1761.22 ha, 1072.20 ha area would be developed with plantation, 48 ha for public infrastructure & other uses, 347.90 ha would be undisturbed/technically reclaimed area and a final mine void left in an area of 293.12 ha of 200m depth. It was clarified that the working of the 3 neighbouring mines which are proposed for expansion for a combined production of 8 MTPA by further deepening upto 200m depth of the 3 mines, namely Ukni Extn. (2.2 MTPA), Niljai (North and South) (3.5 MTPA) and Bellora-Naigaon (1.25 MTPA) has been integrated to optimise external dumping of OB and consequently need for acquiring additional land for external dumps and for reducing depth of ultimate mine voids of the three mines.

 

S.N.

Name of Project

Coal (MT)

OB (Mm3)

Stripping Ratio

1.

Ukni

9.28

147.24

15.87

2.

Niljai

26.36

326.56

12.39

3.

Bellora–Naigaon

12.25

122.50

10.00

 

It was informed that the proponent has applied for integral mining of all the 3 mines. It was informed that Ukni would be exhausted first followed by Bellora-Naigaon and lastly, Niljai. At a ultimate working depth of about 250m, it is proposed to accommodate 34.14 Mm3 OB of Niljai into Ukni, which would be raised 60m above ground level and merged with the existing OB dump. By this process an area of 90 ha required for ext. OB dump would be saved. Similarly, the external OB dump of Ukni Deep would be merged with the external dump of Niljai by accommodating 59.68 Mm3 OB and an area 140 ha would be saved by this integration. Similarly by integrating the Niljai OC and Bellora–Naigaon Deep OCP, into one dump for storing 17.92 Mm3 of OB and would result in saving 40 ha of area and by raising the height of the backfilled area of Bellora–Naigaon Deep OC to 60m above ground level, about 80 ha land would be saved.

 

It was informed that further, for Niljai Deep OCP, sequencing of operation of the two quarries with minimum requirement of additional land has been examined, whereby; Q-1 is proposed to be worked first through existing access trench. There would be no internal dumping and the entire OB of Q–I is planned to be dumped in external OB dump. As Q–II begins, the internal dumping of Q–I using OB of Q-II would start. The backfilled area in Q–I would be raised 90m above ground level and merged with the main external OB dump by accommodating 52.42 Mm3 of OB and an area of 112 ha proposed for external dump would be saved.

 

Thus, by the integration of operation of the three mines, a total combined area of 462 ha of land has been avoided for external dumping. The proponent presented a conceptual combined post-mining land use plan of three integrated mines Ukni Extn, Niljai North and South and Bellora–Naigaon for the combined total ML area of 3672.51 ha of which 2204.848 ha will be under plantation, 588.80 ha under voids, 284.50 ha for public use, 594.362 ha undisturbed/technically reclaimed area.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for TOR based on Annexure-3 and 4. The Committee however requested the proponent to examine option of underground mining for preparing the EIA-EMP Report for this project and in such projects whose mine depth increases beyond 250m, especially with high stripping ratios.

 

 

9.        Letters dated 03.04.2012 of M/s WCL regarding EC granted to Ghonsa Expn. OCP, Bellora-Naigaon OCP and Kolgaon OCP – Modification of EC condition sought by M/s WCL.

 

The proponent vide letter no. WCL /ENV/HQ/11-13/149 dated 3rd April 2012 had informed the MOEF that the environmental clearances were accorded to Ghonsa OC expansion project on 29.2.2012, Bellora-Naigaon Deep Opencast Expn. Project on 06.03.2012 and to Kolagaon OC Expansion Project on 16.02.2012, wherein a Specific Condition ‘The capacity of trucks used for transportation shall be minimum 25T trucks and shall be mechanically covered”, has been stipulated. The proponent has sought modification of the aforesaid specific condition from MOEF by not insisting on the use of mechanically covered trucks.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that mechanically/hydraulically closed trucks for transportation of coal are not commercially available in India. The company, namely M/s WCL has pursued the matter with major truck manufacturers, such as TATA Motors, Ashok Leyland, Asia Motor Works, Man Force Trucks etc for development of design of mechanically covered trucks for transportation of coal. It was informed that a demonstration of operation of the mechanically covered tarpaulin fitted trucks developed and designed by TATA motors was held in Nagpur on 17.02.2011 and on 10.5.2011 including trials at Kamptee OC Mine of WCL but the system failed to work during trials. The proponent stated that Asia Motors Works (AMW) also presented the trial of double flap hydraulically operated steel sheet cover in 10T trucks on 2.06.2011 and one side opening double flap trucks with tarpaulin in July 2011. Ashok Leyland/ HYVA along with TATA Motors developed a double–flap steel sheet multi cap design and installed the same on new 10T TATA trucks which was placed on trial at Gondegaon OCP of WCL. The demonstration was also attended by MPCB officials. WCL informed that no truck manufacturer has been able to design the mechanical cover and retrofit the same on existing trucks. The proponent was also of the view that RTO may not pass the existing vehicles fitted with mechanically/hydraulic cover and this may need change in relevant Act/Rules. The proponent requested the EAC for modification of the specific condition (ix) of EC letter issued by the MOEF for the projects – Ghonsa, Bellora-Naigaon Deep Opencast Expn. and Kolagaon OC Expansion Project so that coal transportation could continue with the existing system of tarpaulin covered trucks till the mechanically covered trucks of 25T capacity are available in country.

 

The Committee after detailed delibertaions decided that the specific condition ix of EC letters would not be modified. The Committee advised the proponent that they should advertise in the National and International newspapers for providing trucks which are mechanically covered as this would help reduce fugitive dust emissions, which cause respiratory problems and other health hazards and pollute the environment of the area.

 

 

10.     Pundi OCP (from 0.55 MTPA to 2 MTPA normative and 3 MTPA peak in an ML area of 851.38 ha) and pit-head Coal Washery of 3 MTPA capacity of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion from 0.55 MTPA to 2 MTPA (normative) and 3 MTPA peak production and expansion in project area from 140 ha area to 851 ha (additional area 711.38 ha), of which 72.05 ha is agricultural land, 631.90 ha is under plantation, 64.21 ha is wasteland, 26.84 ha is surface bodies and 56.37 ha is others. There are no National Parks, WL Sanctuaries, Biosphere Reserves within the 10km study area. The project is within the catchment of area of Chowtha Nadi and Bokaro river flows towards south-east of the project. The HFL of River Bokaro is 323.26 m to 347.07m above MSL. It was informed that a very small second order stream of River Bokaro passing through the extreme northern corner of the mine property needs to be diverted.

 

The project is planned for exploiting the bottom most seam and adding some area in the eastern part of the lease. Of the total ML area of 851 ha, 256.95ha is area for excavation consisting of two quarries; Q-I is 224.83 ha and Q-II, 125.24 ha is for external OB dump, 6 ha is for residential building, 10.50 ha is for service building and industrial infrastructure, 26.73 ha is for railway siding, 9 ha is for roads, 3.95 ha is for retaining wall and drain, 188.17 ha is for safety zone. It was informed that the total forestland for the project including Jungle Jhari land is 412.12 ha; which includes 95.50 ha of forestland in safety zone which will not be diverted; thus the net forestland for diversion 316.62 ha, of which 52.97 ha of forestland has been already acquired and diversion of the remaining 172.81 ha has been applied for.

 

Mining would be opencast with shovel-dumper. The total mineable reserves would increase from 11.47 MT to 76.75 MT. Both the quarries are proposed to be worked concurrently. The target capacity of 2.5 MTPA is expected to be achieved during the 5th year. Ultimate working depth is 160m; existing depth is 75m. The total estimated OB generation is 262.84 Mm3 of which 247.02 Mm3 would be from the expansion project. There would be two external OB dumps; Dump-1 would be 65m above ground level storing 16.08 Mm3 OB and Dump-2 would be 55m above ground level with 13.34 Mm3 OB. It was informed that Quarry–I is proposed to be backfilled with an estimated 164.56Mm3 of OB to rise 90m above ground level and  Quarry–II would be 40m above ground level with 68.86 Mm3. At the post mining stage it is proposed to re-handle approximately 10.57 Mm3 OB from the 90m dump on Q-I at an estimated expenditure of Rs 52.86 crores as part of mine closure. At the post mining stage it is proposed to leave a void of 120m bgl in Q-I and 70m bgl in Q-II to be left as water bodies. Life of the project is 40 years. The total estimated water requirement is 2251 m3/d of which 1974 m3/d is from mine pit water and 277 m3/d is for domestic use. The project involves R&R of 150 PAFs from village Bhutahitoli. It was informed that Pundi village would not be displaced and a barrier of 100m from Pundi village would be left during mining operations. Coal transportation would be by rail.

 

It was informed that the proposal also includes establishment of a pit-head three-product coal washery of 3 MTPA capacity in an area of 15 ha within the leasehold. The washery would be wet process using Heavy Media Cyclone. The ash content of 3 MTPA raw coal is 37.8%, which would yield 1.23 MTPA of clean coal with an ash content of 18 + 0.5% for the steel sector, 0.66 MTPA of middling of 35% ash content for the power sector and 1.11 MTPA of coal rejects with an ash content of 65% or more, to be used in FBC based power generation. Raw coal from Pundi OCP would be dispatched to CHP by dumpers, washed coal would be evacuated by Rapid Loading System at Railway Siding connecting Barkana-Hazaribagh railway Line. The total estimated water requirement for the washery is 962 m3/d. It was informed that land for the railway siding has been acquired in Mahuatand area. The distance of the mine from the washery is about 300m.

 

The Committee desired that proponent may re-examine the location of the proposed washery and the CHP nearer to the mine towards the southern side of the ML. The Committee also desired that the proponent examine storing the OB in a temporary external OB dump(s) in the mineralised area of the ML. The Committee also observed that the CCL colony would be between the two proposed external OB dumps and desired that the location of the external OB dumps on both sides of the colony, transport of coal, location of washery and railway siding requires re-examination. The Committee also desired that the water bodies and river and surface drainage should not be disturbed and an embankment between the water bodies and mine operations should be provided. The Committee desired that a three-stage settling tank/pond should be established for settling the suspended solids. The Committee desired that the 90m dump height with ultimate slope of 280 should be calculated from the toe of the dump to the river bed to avoid collapse of OB dump in future due to mine seepage. The height of OB dump should also be reduced to 70m. The Committee desired that the satellite map and digital map National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC) of the whole ML area should be provided.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the proposal on receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

11.      Letter dated 21.03.2012 of M/s Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Ltd. in regard to TOR granted to Gurah Lignite Mine Project

 

Director, MOEF informed that an application for EC was received under the EIA Notification 1994, however, Public Hearing was conducted on 03.05.2007. The application was returned as EC was not granted within the two years of extended time period that was permitted to project proponents under Section 12 of the EIA Notification 2006 to avail an EC for applications received under the EIA Notification, 1994. The project proponent, namely m/s RSMML submitted an application for TOR under the new EIA Notification 2006 and TOR was granted on 05.04.2010. The proponent has sought an exemption of conduct of fresh Public Hearing and also sought extension of the validity of the TOR by another year.

 

The Committee noted that the data collected for the earlier EIA-EMP Report under the old application is more than 5 years old. The Public Hearing conducted on 03.05.2007 itself is more than 5 years old. The Committee after discussions decided that the proponent should conduct a fresh Public Hearing using a fresh environmental baseline data including AAQ data (PM10 and PM2.5) as per the new NAAQM Standards and prepare a fresh EIA-EMP Report on which a fresh Public Hearing may be got conducted. The Committee recommended extension of the validity of the TOR by another one year (upto 05.04.2013).

  

 

12.      Cluster II (5 mines of a combined prod. capacity of 15.55 MTPA with a peak prod. of 20.215 MTPA in a combined ML area of 2025.71 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 23.03.2011)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the cluster II consists of 7 mines of which 3 are opencast and 2 are mixed (OC and UG) of a combined ML area of 2025.71 ha and production capacity of 15.55 MTPA (normative) and 20.215 MTPA (peak) as given below:

 

S.N

MINES IN CLUSTER ?II

 

Name of Mine

Production capacity

(MTPA)

ML (ha)

Life of Mine

(years)

Normative

Peak

1

Block II Colliery OC & UG Mine

4.45

5.785

852.00

OC-30

UG-26

2

Jamunia OCP

 

1.20

1.56

55.0

6

3

Shatabdi OCP

 

1.40

1.82

181.30

28

4.

Muraidih Colliery (OC & UG Mine)

5,50

7.15

536.41

OC-6

UG-14

5

Phularitand OCP

3.00

3.90

401.00

18

 

 

 

Total

 

15.55

 

20.215

 

2025.75

 

 

Of the 7 mines- 2 mines are proposed (new), namely, Block II Colliery UG mine and Muraidih Colliery UG mine. The rest are operating mines. Details are given below:

 

 

MINES IN CLUSTER II

 

S.no

Name of Mine

Status

Prod. capacity

(MTPA)

ML (ha)

Life of Mine

(years)

Normative

Peak

1

Block II Colliery

 

UG Section

Proposed

0.45

0.585

 

 

852.00

30

OCP Section

Operating

4.0

5.2

 

26

2

Jamunia

 

OCP

Operating

1.20

1.56

55.0

6

3

Shatabdi

 

OCP

Operating

1.40

1.82

181.30

28

4.

Muraidih Colliery

 

OCP Section

Operating

 

3.50

4.55

 

536.41

6

 

UG Section

Proposed

2.00

2.60

 

14

5

Phularitand

OCP

Operating

3.00

3.90

401.00

18

 

 

Total

 

 

 

15.55

 

20.215

 

2025.75

 

 

It was informed that the cluster is bound in the east by Cluster-III mines, in the west by River Jamunia, in the north by metamorphic formations and in the south by Cluster-XV mines of BCCL. The mine area is drained in the west by River Khudia flowing easterly and in the east by seasonal nalas flowing westerly to join River Jamunia which flows along the western boundary of the study area and joins River Damodar at a distance of 4 km.

 

The major project parameters of the 7 mines of Cluster-II are given below:

Details of Cluster -II Mines

 

Parameter

Block II Colliery

 

Jamunia

 

Shatabdi

 

Muraidih Colliery

 

Phularitand

 

UG Section

OCP Section

 

 

OCP Section

UG Section

 

Max depth(m)

250

200

150

80

115

186

142

Method of mining

B&P & Depillaring (caving) with continuous miner

Shovel-dumper combination with dragline

 

Shovel-dumper combination

Shovel-dumper combination

Shovel-dumper combination

Long wall & B&P

Shovel-dumper combination

Grade of coal

D/E

WIV

WIV

W-IV

Gr –WIV-W-III

Gr-A to G

W-II to WIV

Mineable Reserve MT

 

10.63

102.157

7.279

39.34

18.89

25.166

53.451

Production in MT

(1993-94)

0

3.09

0.81

0

1.2

 

 

Production in 2009-10 (MT)

0

2.14

1.18

1.46

2.85

0

015

Proposed peak Production (MT)

0.585

5.20

1.56

1.82

4.55

2.6

3.9

 

 

Land Use  Details of Cluster II

S.N

Type Land Use

Present Mining Land Use ( ha)

Post- mining Land Use (ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

Backfilled

206.86

0

Not Backfilled

234.39

0

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

Backfilled

14.29

0

Not Backfilled

42.07

0

3.

External OB dump

49.33

0

4.

Service building/

mine infrastructure

34.25

0

5.

Coal dump

31.24

0

6.

Rail & Road

71.69

66.47

7.

Homestead land

181.58

147.2

8.

Agriculture land

275.32

153.14

9.

Forest land

29.75

29.75

10

Plantation

135.6

1237.48

11.

Water body

49.91

139.23

12

Barren land

669.42

252.44

 

 

Total

 

2025.71

 

2025.71

  

 

Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster II

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

 

1.

Total Voids

41.47 Mm3

2.

Total OB available

33.45 Mm3

3.

Total Unstable Sites

15 no.

4.

Total Affected Areas

260800 m2

5.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

1137  no. as per JAP

6.

Land for Resettlement

7.728 ha (BCCL land)

14.23 ha (Non-BCCL land)

7.

Total cost of fire dealing

Rs.18235 lakhs

8.

Total  resettlement Cost

Rs 4508.58 lakhs

 

 

Major Issues of Cluster-II

 

S.N.

Major Env. Issues

Mitigation measures and Benefit

 

1.

 Voids(276.46 ha)

187.14 ha backfilling and 89.32 ha water body

 

2.

Ext.OB Dumps (49.33 ha)

Use for backfilling and plantation.

 

3.

Fire /Unstable area 15 site with 0.26Sq km consisting of 1137 PAF

Dig out fire at the cost of Rs.182.35 crores   and rehabilitate affected families at the cost of Rs 4508.58 lakhs.

 

4.

Loss of coal

(10% locked in barriers)

Recover 25.69 MT from barriers

5.

Reclamation /Mine closure

Additional plantation in 1201.28 ha land at the cost of Rs 12154.25 lakhs.

 

(Funds allocated for mine closure as per MOC guidelines and adopted by BCCL @Rs 1 lakhs /ha in case of U/G mine and Rs 6 lakhs/ha in case of OCP mines)

6.

CSR

Rs 77.50 Lakhs per year@ Rs 5/T of coal

 

It was informed that the peak water requirement of cluster-II would be 7265m3/day (4735m3/day for mining operations and 2530 m3/day for domestic). It was informed that the depth of the final mine void would be 15-20m in an area of 139.23 ha at the end of mining. Water level in the cluster is in the range of 1.78-11.44m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 1-7.90m bgl (during post-monsoon). Coal transportation would be mainly by rail mode (19.313 MTPA i.e. 95.53%) and the remaining 0.902 MTPA (4.46%) would be by road. There are four railway sidings, namely, K.K.C Link Railway Siding (12.95 km), Barora Washery Siding (3.9 km), Barora NL Railway siding (3.4km) and Kessurgarh siding (10.13 km) from Cluster-II. Maximum subsidence, slope and tensile strain over the mining area due to coal extraction in Muraidih UG would be 3.98m and in Block–I UG (proposed) would be 2.16m and a tensile strain of 41.7634.89 mm/m and 34.89mm/m respectively. It was informed that the control of fires and rehabilitation of affected families from fire and subsidence affected areas within Cluster-II would be carried out in phased manner. It was informed that OB dump fires would be dealt with by cooling, quenching and removal, excavation of fire material and filling with cohesive soil and surface sealing. It was informed that reclamation work on two OB dumps of about 7 ha with the technical guidance of Dr. C.R. Babu, Professor Emeritus, University of Delhi. It was informed that is planned to take up an additional 50ha of mined out land during 2012-13 for ecological restoration on the same methodology adopted in the 7-ha pilot project in BCCL mines of Sijua, Kustore, Govindpur, E.J. Area, Barora, Katras, Chanch Victoria of Jharia Coalfields. It was informed that the capital costs of EMP measures would be Rs 612.15 lakhs. Public Hearing for Cluster-II group of 7 mines was held on 16.03.2012. It was informed that BCCL has formulated its Corporate Environment Policy. 

 

The Committee desired that details of active fires and extent of fire affected sites be provided and also desired that the company may engage specific professional experts dealing with fire control in mines. The Committee desired that the details of voids, their area, depth and post-mining land use should be provided. The Committee desired that abandoned pits/voids should be reclaimed either with plantation or used as water bodies for local use and for pisci-culture and details in this regard may be provided. The Committee noted that fires upto a depth of 20m occur in the mines of this cluster and desired that NRSA’s Thermal Imaging Techniques should be utilised for assessing the extent of fire-affected areas and for monitoring impacts of fire control measures for at least the initial 5 years and thereafter monitoring could be taken up by CMPDI. The Committee desired that the measures for fire control, rehabilitation and relocation of PAFs and mine reclamation require to be integrated. The Committee desired that this may be under one senior level executive such as Director. The Committee also sought the present levels of production from all the clusters. The Committee desired that the details of transportation for mines upto railway siding should be reworked. A Schematic diagramme and map showing network of railway along with loading points of the mines of the cluster should also be prepared and presented before Committee. The proponent may consider options of combination of ropeway/conveyor-cum-railway transport. The Committee further desired that loading of coal by pay loaders should not be permitted. The Committee suggested that the proponent prepare a Coal Transportation Plan for the entire Jharia Coalfields in a phased manner so that in Phase-I, the existing system of transportation by dumpers could continue, however, in Phase –II, transportation by rail-cum-conveyor/ropeway system should be introduced and sought a conceptual plan for all the clusters to be presented before the Committee. The Committee reiterated that these measures are especially important as portions of Jharia Coalfields fall under CPA, Dhanbad. The Committee desired that peak capacity in all the cluster of mines should reflect the highest achievable production capacity from the project with sufficient cushion available for enhancing production for offsetting shortfall in others. The Committee also sought the present levels of production from all the clusters.

 

The Committee desired that local people/institutions such as XLRI, Birsa Institute of Technology, Indri Dhanbad Ramakrishna Mission could also be involved in the implementation of CSR Plan. The local communities should also be involved in eco-restoration plan.  The Committee desired that the “Corporate Environment Policy” passed by BCCL Board, should be furnished. The Committee desired that an Annual Report should be brought out on the implementation of the CSR activities and also uploaded on the company website. The Committee sought details of specific mitigative measures drawn up in the context of Plan for Dhanbad Critically Polluted Area where the cluster falls. The Committee sought the status of forestry clearance for forestland found within the cluster.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

13.     Cluster No. IV (6 mines of a peak prodn. of 3.706 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1123.79 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia coalfields, in dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 04.11.2011)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the cluster IV is located in northern part of Jharia Coalfields in district Dhanbad. The area is drained by Katri Nala which flows across the block and joins Khudiya Nala towards the south-west of the block. River Damodar flows at a distance of 7.5 km and joins River Barakar in the East. No nala diversion is proposed. Cluster IV consists of 6 mines, of which 4 are underground mines, one is a mixed (OC and UG working) mine of a combined ML area of 1123.79 ha and production capacity of 2.851 MTPA (normative) and 3.706 MTPA (peak) as given below:

 

Cluster No. IV  mines

 

S.N.

 Name of mines

Production Capacity

      (MTPA)

Leasehold area (ha)

Normative

Peak

 

1.

Salanpur Colliery UG

0.15

0.195

177.49

2.

Katras Choitudih Colliery UG

0.22

0.286

228.00

3.

a) Amalgamated Keshalpur & West Mududih UG

 

b) Amalgamated Keshalpur & West Mududih OC

0.19

 

2.00

0.247

 

2.6

325.00

 

 

 

4.

Amalgamated Angarpathra & Ramkanali colliery UG

0.291

0.378

254.64

5.

Gaslitand Colliery UG

0.00

0.00

138.66

 

Total

2.851

3.706

1123.79

 

One of the mines, namely Gaslitand Colliery UG is not operational.

 

LAND USE OF CLUSTER IV

 

S.No

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Land Use (ha)

Proposed Mining Land Use (ha)

Post-Mining Land Use (ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

71.63

71.63

0.00

Not Backfilled

31.68

31.68

0.00

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

14.26

0.00

0.00

Not Backfilled

87.48

87.48

0.00

3.

External OB dump

14.82

14.82

0.00

4.

Service building/mine infrastructure

17.02

17.02

17.02

5.

Coal dump

4.36

4.36

0.00

6.

Homestead land

132.71

132.71

132.71

7.

Agriculture land

21.22

21.22

21.22

8.

Forest land

0.00

0.00

0.00

9.

Plantation/reclamation

74.67

88.93

794.09

10

Water body

48.31

48.31

48.31

11.

Barren land

495.19

495.19

0.00

12.

Rail, Road etc

106.52

106.52

106.52

13

Others

3.92

3.92

3.92

 

 

Total

1123.79

1123.79

1123.79

 

 

Major Project Parameters of cluster IV Mines

 

Name of mines

Salanpur Colliery UG

Katras Choitudih Colliery UG

West Mududih UG & Keshalpur colliery

 

Angarpathra & Ramkanali colliery UG

Gaslitand Colliery UG

Total

Life of mine

>30 years

>30 years

>30 years

>30 years

Closed mine

 

Method of mining

Bord & Pillar

Bord & Pillar

Shovel-dumper combination in OC & Bord & Pillar in UG

Bord & Pillar

-

 

Production in

(1993-94) in MT

0.227

.0161

1.294

0.604

0.074

2.380

Production in 2008-09

0.121

0.596

1.768

0.201

0.00

2.180

Production in 2011-12 (MT)

0.071

0.0466

2.115

0.156

0

2.389

Proposed peak Production

0.195

0.286

3.706

0.378

-

-

 

 

 

 

Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster IV

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

 

1

Total OB available

33.45 Mm3

2.

Total Unstable Sites

51 no. including 3 active fires

3.

Total unstable Areas

1078829 sq. m including 358270 sq.m fire area

4.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

7012 no. as per JAP

5.

Land for Resettlement

7.728 ha (BCCL land)

14.23 ha (Non-BCCL land)

6.

Cost of rehabilitation

Rs 26274 lakhs

7.

Total cost of fire dealing

 

Rs 34.99 Crores

 

 

Major Issues  of Cluster-IV

 

S.N.

Issues

Mitigation measures and Benefit

 

1.

Ext. OB Dumps (49.33 ha)

External OB dump will accommodate 28.96 Mm3 of OB and the rest 16.5Mm3 OB would be dumped internally plantation would be carried out on both external and internal dump.

 

3.

Fire /Unstable area 3 site with 358270 Sq km

Extraction of fire and filling with cohesive soil at the cost of Rs 34.99 crores.

 

4.

Loss of coal

(10% locked in barriers)

Recover 25.69 MT from barriers

5.

Reclamation /Mine closure

10 ha plantation carried out every year.

(Funds allocated for mine closure as per MOC guidelines and adopted by BCCL @Rs 1 lakhs /ha in case of U/G mine and Rs 6 lakhs/ha in case of OCP mines)A total of Rs 3298.56 lakhs has been earmarked for mine closure of the cluster.

 

6.

CSR for a total of Rs. 142.55 lakhs per year@ Rs 5/T of coal

To address socio-economic issues.

 

It was also informed that a total area of 720.24 ha is to be brought under plantation by planting 1797000 nos of plants. It was informed that Salanpur Underground Mine of Katras area of BCCL is being operated by Bord &Pillar method of mining in seam IV, III&II. As per subsidence, slope and tensile strain  studies over the mining area due to coal extraction in UG, there would be no subsidence and tensile strain is 2.72mm and 3.06mm. However, in Amalgamated Keshalpur & West Mududih UG, the tensile strain would be 21.82 mm to 66.69 mm. It was informed that the fires and rehabilitation of affected families from fire and subsidence areas within the cluster would be carried out in a phase wise manner. OB dump fires would be dealt with by cooling, quenching and removal, excavation of fire material and filling with cohesive soil and surface sealing. It was stated that the company has taken up reclamation work on two OB dumps of about 7 ha with technical guidance of Dr. C.R.Babu, Prof. Emeritus, Delhi University. The people would be rehabilitated in colonies, which fall in Nagarikalan, Pokerbera, Kolipur, Pocheriand Darida, Tilatanr, Bamkunda, Jursabad, Khrya, Mahanpur, Damodarpur, Mouzas. The capital cost of R&R would be Rs 26719.4 lakhs and the annual recurring cost would be Rs 328.55 lakhs. It was informed that Cluster-IV falls in Dhanbad critically polluted area. Public Hearing was held on 21.01.2012.

 

The Committee desired that peak capacity in all the cluster of mines should reflect the highest achievable production capacity from the project with sufficient cushion available for enhancing production for offsetting shortfall in others. The Committee also sought the present levels of production from all the clusters. The Committee desired that the measures for fire control and subsidence, rehabilitation and relocation of PAFs and mine reclamation require to be integrated. The Committee desired that this may be under one senior level executive such as Director. The Committee desired that all existing surface water bodies should be protected and if they are disturbed, they should be restored and reclaimed. The Committee desired that the after completion of opencast mining, the surface area of opencast mining should be reclaimed with plantation within 3 years. The Committee sought details of reclamation of existing opencast pits/abandoned quarries and their post-mining land use. The Committee desired that all the abandoned mine pits should be filled and reclaimed. There should be no open pits/ abandoned quarries of past mining. The Committee sought details of conceptual post-mining landuse of the individual mines of the cluster as per MOEF prescribed tables. The Committee desired that details of coal transportation of the mines of the cluster should be reworked to reduce/minimise road transportation within the cluster as it generates dust and pollution. The Committee desired that adequate number of suitably designed off-take points should be provided. The transportation details should be provided in a schematic map/topo sheet along with network of railway along with loading points for the mines of the cluster should also be prepared and presented before committee. The proponent should also examine options of ropeway/conveyor-cum-rail transport to avoid movement of trucks within the cluster for coal transportation. Loading of coal by pay loaders should not be provided. The Committee noted that the TATA Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai (TISS) have prepared a conceptual Plan for CSR. The Committee desired that local people/institutions such as XLRI, Birsa Institute of Technology, Indri Dhanbad Ramakrishna Mission could also be involved in the implementation of CSR Plan. The local communities should also be involved in eco-restoration plan.  The Committee desired that the “Corporate Environment Policy” passed by BCCL Board, should be furnished. The Committee desired that an Annual Report should be brought out on the implementation of the CSR activities and also uploaded on the company website. The Committee sought details of specific mitigative measures drawn up in the context of Plan for Dhanbad Critically Polluted Area where the cluster falls. The Committee sought a clarification whether any forestland was found within the cluster.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

14.      Cluster VII (combined capacity 6.227 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 8.16 MTPA in a combined ML area of 2127.7 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 09.12.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Cluster VII is located in East Central part of Jharia Coalfields in district Dhanbad. The cluster is bound in the east by cluster –VIII mines of BCCL and in the north by habitation and Barakar measures, in the West by cluster XI mines of BCCL and in South by IISCO & TISCO mines. Kari Jore (a stream) passes through the cluster. The area is drained by Kati nala which flows across the block and join Khudiya nalla towards southwest. Cluster-VII consists of 14 mines of a total combined ML area of 2127.70 ha and a combined production capacity (normative) of 6.227 MTPA and a peak capacity of 8.161 MTPA. It was informed that 8 mines (4 UG, 3 OC & 1 mixed mines are in operation), 3 underground mines – Industry UG, Kustore UG, East Bhuggatdih are closed, 1 mine – Bhutgoira UG is to be re-opened and one opencast mine Vishwakarma OC is proposed as a new mine. The details of 14 mines are given below:

 

 

Cluster VII mines

 

S.N.

Name of Project

Status of Mine

Prod. Capacity

(MTPA)

Peak prod.

(MTPA)

ML Area (ha)

Life of Mine (years)

1.

Dhansar UG

Operating

0.372

0.484

174.12

34

2.

Dhansar OC

Operating

0.800

1.040

2

3.

Kusunda OC

Operating

2.00

2.600

247.70

27

4.

Industry UG

Closed

--

--

137.20

-

5.

Alkusa UG

Operating

0.115

0.150

101.77

30

6.

Ena OC

Operating

0.170

0.221

181.30

20

7.

South Jharia/

Rajapur OC

Operating

1.300

1.690

207.48

20

8.

Burragarh UG

Operating

0.170

0.221

147.83

20

9.

Simalbahal UG

Operating

0.250

0.325

178.13

20

10.

Hurriladih UG

Operating

0.090

0.117

127.17

13

11.

Bhutgoira UG

Proposed to be re-opened

0.360

0.468

131.67

23

12.

Kustore UG

Closed in 2003

--

--

250.71

20

13.

East Bhuggatdih

Closed in 2006

--

--

242.62

-

14.

Vishwakarma OC (it will be operational after closure of Dhansar OC)

Proposed

0.700

0.910

43.5 (within Dhansar & industry LH

11

TOTAL

 

6.227

8.161

2127.70

 

 

 

Major Project Parameters of Cluster VII mines

 

Particular

Name of Mines

Dhansar

Kusunda OC

Industry UG

Alkusa UG

Ena OC

South Jharia/

Rajapur OC

Burragarh UG

Simalbahal UG

Hurriladih UG

Bhutgoira UG

Kustore UG

East Bhuggatdih

Vishwakarma OC

UG section

OC section

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Max depth(m)

165

65

185

130

300

200

102

365

285

320

500

235

225

90

Method of mining

Bord &Pillar

Shovel-dumper combination

Shovel-dumper combination

NA

Bord &Pillar/SDL

Shovel-dumper combination

Shovel-dumper combination

Bord & Pillar/SDL

Bord & Pillar/SDL

Bord &Pillar

Bord &Pillar/SDL

NA

NA

Shovel-dumper combination

Grade of coal

C

W-III

W-IV/NLW-III

-

NLW-IV

W-II

NLW-III/D

W-II

W-II

W-II

S-II to W-III

W-IV to E

W-IV

W-IVTO NLW-II

NLW-IV,W-III

Mineable Reserve MT

13.37

1.63

53.39

7.86

7.35

30.41

29.35

4.0

13.13

1.2

6.83

13.69

17.7

6.52

Production in (1993-94) in MT

0.053

0.56

0.283

0.055

0.114

0.347

0.32

0.09

0.16

0.197

NIL

0.192

0.2

NA

Production in 2009-10

0.096

0.78

0.849

NA

0,09

0.168

1.2

0.022

0.147

0.033

NIL

NIL

NIL

NA

Production in 20010-11

0.111

0.993

1.773

nil

0.09

0.34

1.00

0.042

0.127

0.059

NA

NA

NA

NA

Proposed peak Production

0.484

1.04

2.6

NA

0.149

0.221

1.69

0.221

0.325

0.117

0.488

NIL

NIL

0.91

 

LAND USE FOR CLUSTER VII

S.N.

Type of Land Use

Land use (ha)

Post-Mining

Land use (ha)

1.

Running quarry

108.16 + 93.89

Nil

2.

Abandoned Quarry

49.15 + 41.61

Nil

3.

Ext. OB dump

27.31

Nil

4.

Service Buildings

27.25

2.28

5.

Coal Dump

11.30

0.36

6.

Road & Rail

70.73

68.41

7.

Homestead Land

214.48

188.49

8.

Agricultural land

Nil

Nil

9.

Forestland

Nil

Nil

10.

Plantation

216.91

1382.22

11.

Water Body

25.30

99.05

12.

Barren Land

1241.65

381.49

 

TOTAL

2127.70

2127.70

 

 

Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster VII

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

1.

Total Voids

15.486 Mm3

2.

Total External OB

12.32 Mm3

3.

Total Unstable Sites

71

4.

Total Affected Areas

5.607 Km2

5.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

13605

6.

Fire Area

1.87 Km2

7.

Fire affected Sites

31

8.

Land for Resettlement

62.432 ha (BCCL land) +

61.009 ha (Non-BCCL land)

9.

Cost

Rs 529.47 crores

 

 

Major Issues of Cluster-VII

 

S.N

Major Env. Issues

Mitigation measures and Benefit

 

 

Voids (269.27 ha)

219.67 ha Backfilling and 49.6 ha water body

1.

Ext.OB Dumps (27.31ha)

External OB dump will be used for backfilling.

3.

Fire/Unstable area with 560.7 ha in 71 sites) 

Dig out fire and stabilize at the cost of Rs 26176 Lakhs.

4.

Loss of coal

(10% locked in barriers)

Recover 8.51 MT from barriers

5.

Reclamation /Mine closure

10 ha plantation .carried out every year.

(Funds allocated for mine closure as per MOC guidelines and adopted by BCCL @Rs 1 lakhs /ha in case of U/G mine and Rs 6 lakhs/ha in case of OCP mines)A total of Rs 7350.71 Lakhs has been earmarked for mine closure of the cluster.

6.

CSR Rs. 311.35 Lakh per year Lakhs per year@ Rs 5/T of coal

 

 

It was informed that the water table level is in the range of 0.94 to 19.20 m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 0.70 to 3.05m bgl (post-monsoon). It was informed that the mode of transportation of 0.149 MTPA of coal i.e. 2.9% would be by road and 5.018 MTY i.e.97.1% would be by rail. It was informed that there are four railway sidings - BNR Railway siding, KDS siding, Burragarh  Railway siding. It was informed that the control of fires and rehabilitation of affected families from fire and subsidence area in cluster would be carried out in phase wise manner. The people will be rehabilitated in colonies which fall in Nagarikalan, Pokerbera, Kolipur, Pocheriand Darida, Tilatanr, Bamkunda, Jursabad, Khrya, Mahanpur, Damodarpur, MOUZAS. OB dump fires would be dealt by cooling, quenching and removal, excavation of fire material and filling with cohesive soil and surface sealing. The budgetary provision for EMP (capital cost) is Rs 1098.30 lakhs. Public Hearing for Cluster-VII was held on 25.01.2012 in Dhanbad. It was informed that BCCL has formulated its Corporate Environment Policy.

 

The Committee noted that there are 31 fire spots in this cluster. The Committee desired that a fire dousing plan of each mine within the cluster should be provided indicating fire points within cluster as submitted to DGMS. The Committee also requested the proponent to contact Shri V. Raghuvenkatraman, General Manager, for Aerial Photography, National Remote Sensing Centre (NRSC), Balanagar for status of the fires and for its monitoring using aerial photography. The Committee further desired that persons with expertise in the field of fire control of this magnitude and nature should be recruited for fire control in Jharia Coalfields as a whole. The Committee desired that the after completion of opencast mining, the surface area of opencast mining should be reclaimed with plantation within 3 years. The Committee desired that all the abandoned mine pits should be filled and reclaimed. The Committee sought details of reclamation of existing opencast pits/abandoned quarries and their post-mining land use and desired that there should be no open pits/ abandoned quarries of past mining. The Committee sought details of conceptual post-mining land use of the individual mines of the cluster as per MOEF prescribed tables. The Committee desired that details of coal transportation should be reworked to reduce/minimise road transportation within the cluster as it generates dust and pollution. The Committee desired that adequate number of suitably designed off-take points should be provided. The transportation details should be provided in a schematic map/topo sheet along with network of railway along with loading points should also be prepared and presented before committee. The proponent should also examine options of ropeway/ conveyor-cum-rail transport to avoid movement of trucks within the cluster for coal transportation. Loading of coal by pay loaders should not be provided. These measures are important as fugitive dust emissions are major source of air pollution in critically polluted areas. The Committee suggested that the proponent prepare a Coal Transportation Plan for the entire Jharia Coalfields in a phased manner so that in Phase-I, the existing system of transportation by dumpers could continue, however, in Phase–II, transportation by rail-cum-conveyor/ropeway system should be introduced and sought a conceptual plan for all the clusters to be presented before the Committee. The Committee reiterated that these measures are especially important as portions of Jharia Coalfields fall under CPA, Dhanbad. The Committee sought details of specific mitigative measures drawn up in the context of the Environmental Action Plan for Dhanbad Critically Polluted Area where the cluster falls.

 

The Committee noted that the TATA Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai (TISS) have prepared a conceptual Plan for CSR. The Committee desired that local people/institutions such as XLRI, Birsa Institute of Technology, Indri Dhanbad Ramakrishna Mission should also be involved in the implementation of CSR Plan. The local communities should also be involved in eco-restoration plan.  The Committee desired that the “Corporate Environment Policy” passed by BCCL Board, should be furnished. The Committee desired that an Annual Report should be brought out on the implementation of the CSR activities and also uploaded on the company website. The Committee sought a clarification whether any forestland was found within the cluster.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the proposal after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

15.      Cluster VIII Group of 10 Mines (Combined capacity 4.31 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5.603 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1200.41 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 03.12.2010)

 

The proposal is obtaining EC at the time of renewal of lease of 10 mines which are being grouped in a cluster with a combined lease area of 1200.41 ha with a normative production of 4.31 MTPA and a peak production of 5.603 MTPA. Of the 10 mines, 8 are in operation and one mine – Goluckdih OCP is a proposed mine. The details of the land use of the mines in Cluster VIII are given below:

 

 

LAND USE DETAILS OF CLUSTER VIII

S.N

Name of Mine

Production capacity(MTY)

Leasehold Area (ha)

Life of mine

(years)

Status

NORMATIVE

PEAK

1

Bastacolla OCP

0.10

0.130

239.45

3

Operating

Bastacolla UG

0.33

0.429

18

Operating

2.

Bera OCP

0.15

0.195

209.56

3

Operating

Bera UG

0.19

0.247

13

 

3.

Dobari Coliery(UG)

0.24

0.312

146.90

20

Operating

4.

Kuyu OCP

0.60

0.780

340.50

5

Operating

Kuyu UG

0.10

0.130

20

Operating

5.

Goluckdih (NC) OCP (Proposed) Propsed OCP will commence after the closure of existing Kuya OCP)

1.2

1.560

25

Proposed

Ghanoodih Colliery(OCP)

1.40

1.820

73.00

5

Operating

6.

Kujama Colliery(OCP)

0.60

0.780

191.00

5

Operating

 

Total

4.31

5.603

1200.41

 

 

 

The proponent informed that Cluster-VIII is located in the eastern part of Jharia coalfields in Dhanbad, Jharkhand. The cluster is mainly drained by some 1st and 2nd order seasonal nalas, which finally drain into Kashi Jore (3rd order stream) and Tisra Jore. Both these nalas flow from north to south and meet the Chatkari Jore which outfalls into River Damodar at the distance of about 8 km in the southern side. It was informed that no nala diversion is required for cluster. The proponent informed that the water table level is in the range of 1.35 to 11.03m bgl (pre-monsoon) and in the range of 0.65 to 8.93 m bgl during post-monsoon. The estimated water requirement is 5556 m3/day, of which 1992 m3/day is for mining operations and 3564 m3/day is for drinking and domestic use in the township. The maximum subsidence over the mining area is due to extraction of upper most 3 top seams and is about 2.297m. It was informed that the mode of transportation is by road upto C.K.Railway siding. It was informed that the fire control and rehabilitation of affected families from fire and subsidence area in the cluster would be carried out in a phased manner.

 

LAND USE DETAILS OF CLUSTER VIII

S.N

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Landuse (ha)

Proposed Mining Land use (ha)

Post- Mining Land Use (ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

5.1

273.67

0

Not Backfilled

69.35

105

0

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

25.14

25.14

0

Not Backfilled

42.65

42.65

0

3.

External OB dump

48.55

48.55

0

4.

Service building/mine infrastructure

7.9

7.9

0

5.

Coal dump

7.75

9.8

0

6.

Homestead land

118.9

118.9

118.9

7.

Agricultural land

24.71

24.71

24.71

8.

Forestland

250.57

67.11

250.57

9.

Plantation/reclamation

76.6

149.5

665.05

10

Water body

15.04

15.04

92.39

11.

Barren land

460.96

265.25

0

12.

Road & railways, 

38.92

38.92

38.92

13

Mine pit/fan house/haulage

6.3

6.3

0

14

others

1.97

1.97

1.97

 

Total

1200.41

1200.41

1200.41

 

 

 

 

Major Technical Parameter of Cluster VIII mines

 

 

Particular

Name of Mines

 

Total

Bastacolla OCP

(mixed)

Bera OCP

(mixed)

Dobari Coliery(UG)

Kuya Colliery (mixed)

Ghanoodih Colliery(OCP)

Kujama Colliery(OCP)

Method of mining

Shovel-dumper combination& Bord &  pillar

Shovel-dumper combination& Bord &  pillar

Bord &  pillar

Shovel-dumper combination& Bord &  pillar

Shovel-dumper combination& Bord &  pillar

Shovel-dumper combination

 

Grade of coal

OCP-D

UG-C, D,W-I

OCP-C

UG-D,W-I

C,D,W-I,W-II

OCP-C,E

UG-C, W-INC (OCP)-E,F,

W-III

W-III, W-IV, W-I, C, D, E

 

Seam to be worked out

OCP-III Bottom

UG-III Top, iii Bottom, II Bottom, I-Top

OCP-IIIBottom, II UG-II Bottom-I

IIITop, III Bottom,, IIBottom, I

OCP –IV Top, IV BOTTOM, III TOP, III BOTTOM, I TOP

V,VI,VII,VIII,Special,IX,X

XI, XII, X, IXVIII, VII, VI, V, IV, III, II, I

 

Linkage

Power Plant

Steel/power plant

Steel/power plant

NA

Power plant/Road sale

Bhojudih coal washery

 

Mineable Reserve MT

OCP-1.4

UG-5.48

OCP-0.515

UG-5.46

UG-13.002

OCP-3.0

UG-2.45

NC (OCP)-26.92

10.70

3.389

 

Production in (1993-94) in MT

0.24

0.1246

0.1298

0.8772

0.8995

0.0341

23052

Proposed peak Production

OCP-0.13

UG-0.429

OCP-0.195

UG-0.247

UG-0.312

OCP-0.780

UG-0.130

NC (OCP)-1560

1.820

0.780

5.803

 

 

 

 

The details of integration with the Jharia Action Plan are given below:

 

Rehabilitation and Mitigation Measures

Parameter

Details

 Unstable Sites

22

- Fire affected: 02

- Subsidence  :16

- Fire & Subsidence: 04

- Area affected  due to fire

- Area affected due to subsidence.

- Area affected due to fire and subsidence

0.18 Km2

0.41 km2

 

0.28 km2

 

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated.

4959 as per JAP

Cost of Rehabilitation

Rs 15064.58 Lakhs

Cost of fire fighting

Rs 260.51 cores

 

 

Conceptual Post Mining Land use Pattern for Cluster-VIII

 

 

Existing land use

Land use

 

Plantation

Water  body

Public use

undisturbed

Total

 

Agriculture land

-

-

-

24.71

24.71

 

Excavation including dump areas

154.26

42.65

-

-

196.91

 

Rail & Road

-

-

-

38.92

38.92

 

Homestead land & service land

-

-

-

132.80

132.80

 

Green Belt

76.6

-

-

-

76.6

 

Barren land

420.22

34.70

-

 

454.92

 

Forest land

130

120.57

-

-

250.57

 

Water Body

-

15.04

-

-

15.04

 

Others

-

-

-

9.94

9.94

 

Total

781.08

92.39

-

326.94

1200.41

 

Major Issues of Cluster-VIII

 

S.N.

Major Issues

Mitigation measures and Benefit

 

1.

Total Voids (128.57 ha)

51.22ha Backfilling and 77.35 ha water body.

2.

Dumps (48.55 ha)

Use for backfilling

3.

Fire /Unstable area with 87.27 ha in 22 sites

Dig out fire and stabilise at the cost of Rs 26051 lakhs.

4.

Loss of coal

(10% locked in barriers)

Recover 7.23 MT from barriers

 

5.

Reclamation /Mine closure

Plantation in 704.48 ha for Rs 7202.46 lakhs

6.

Rehabilitation (4959 families)

Shifting to safe areas at the cost of Rs 29948 Lakhs

7.

CSR for a total costs of Rs. 215.5 Lakh per year @ Rs 5/T of coal

Rs. 215.5 Lakh per year @ Rs 5/T of coal

8.

Forest land (250.57 ha)

Forest clearance would be obtained.

9.

Mine Closure cost

Rs 5139,59 lakhs

 

It was informed that OB dump fires would be dealt with by cooling, quenching and removal, excavation of fire material and filling with cohesive, soil and surface sealing and blanketing. Public Hearing was held on 25.02.2012. It was informed that Stage-I Forestry Clearance has been obtained.

 

The Committee desired that the mining carried out in the cluster should not increase the extent and degree of fire in the area and the same should be certified by DGMS. The Committee desired that details of coal transportation should be reworked to reduce/minimise road transportation within the cluster as it generates dust and pollution. The Committee desired that adequate number of suitably designed off-take points should be provided. The transportation details should be provided in a schematic map/topo sheet along with network of railway along with loading points should also be prepared and presented before committee. The proponent should also work out the option of rope way/conveyor-cum-rail transport to avoid movement of trucks within the cluster for coal transportation. Loading of coal by pay loaders should not be provided.  The Committee suggested that the proponent prepare a Coal Transportation Plan for the entire Jharia Coalfields in a phased manner so that in Phase-I, the existing system of transportation by dumpers could continue, however, in Phase–II, transportation by rail-cum-conveyor/ropeway system should be introduced and sought a conceptual plan for all the clusters to be presented before the Committee. The Committee reiterated that these measures are especially important as portions of Jharia Coalfields fall under CPA, Dhanbad. The Committee desired that peak capacity in all the cluster of mines should reflect the highest achievable production capacity from the project with sufficient cushion available for enhancing production for offsetting shortfall in others. The Committee also sought the present levels of production from all the clusters. The Committee desired that all the abandoned mine pits should be filled and reclaimed. The Committee sought details of reclamation of existing opencast pits/abandoned quarries and their post-mining land use and desired that there should be no open pits/ abandoned quarries of past mining. The Committee sought details of conceptual post-mining land use of the individual mines of the cluster as per MOEF prescribed tables. The Committee sought a copy of the Forestry Clearance for the forestland found in the cluster.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the proposal.

 

 

 

16.      Cluster XIII coalmines (7 mines of a total capacity of 0.18 MTPA and a peak production of 2.34 MTPA in an ML area of 1898.62 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 28.04.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that proposal is for obtaining EC for lease renewal by preparation of a combined EIA-EMP for Cluster XIII consisting of 6 UG and one OC mine in a total combined ML area of 1898.62 ha. The cluster is located in South–western part of Jharia coalfields and is adjoining Cluster XIV in the west and is flanked in the South by River Damodar. The 7 mines are (i) Murulidih Pits (0.234 MTPA peak in an ML area of 571.32 ha, (ii) Bhurungiya Colliery in an ML area of 170.44 ha, (iii) Mucharaidih Colliery in an ML area of 83.33 ha, (iv) Hantoodih Colliery in an ML area 193.41 ha, (v) Padugora Colliery in an ML area of 17.6 ha. (vi) Murulidih Colliery in an ML area of 315.62 ha and (vii) Bhatdee Colliery in an ML area of 547ha.  Murulidih 20/21 pits (571.32 ha) is an operating mine. The remaining 6 UG mines are closed abandoned mines, which have been sealed and there are 15 unstable sites which includes shifting of 2187 homesteads under the Jharia Action Plan. Of the total ML area, 254.8342 ha would be covered under the Jharia Action Plan. Of the total ML area, 39.29 ha is forestland. FC has been applied for. The ML has abandoned opencast pits which require reclamation. The area is under exploration for mineable reserves for mining below 600m depth and exploration may take 6-8 years. Transportation of 780 T/day from Murulidih 20/21 Pits is by road upto Railway Siding for a distance of 1km. The peak water requirement is 4300 m3/day, of which 95 m3/day is for Murulidih 20/21 Pit UG and 1170m3/day is for domestic use and for colony. Water table level is in the range of 2.85 to 11.00 m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 1.85 to 11.07 m bgl during post-monsoon. A total 2187 PAF will be rehabilitated as per as per JAP at the cost of Rs 11199.89 lakhs. The maximum subsidence over the mining area due to extraction is 1240 mm in panel P40 in Mohuda top seam. The maximum possible tensile strain likely to occur is 7.78mm/m respectively.

 

Capital costs for EMP is Rs 152.25 lakhs (capital) and Rs 32.99 lakhs (recurring) during the initial years and Rs 15.59 lakhs from 7th year onwards. Public Hearing was held on 25.2.2012

 

S.N

MINES IN CLUSTER XIII

Name of Mine

Production capacity (MTPA)

LEASE HOLD AREA (ha)

Status of mine

NORMATIVE

PEAK

 

1

Murulidih

 0.18

0.234

571.32

Operating

2

Bhurungiya Colliery

nil

nil

170.44

Closed for production

3

Mucharaidih Colliery

nil

nil

83.33

Closed for production

4.

Hantoodih Colliery

nil

nil

193.41

Closed for production

5

Padugora Colliery

nil

nil

17.6

Closed for production

6.