MINUTES OF 21st EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 28th-29th MARCH 2011

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 21st meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 28th-29th March 2011 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 19th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 21st -22nd February 2011 was confirmed with the following correction:

Item 15, page 29, last para: The words ‘22.5 km and 17 km’ is read as ‘22.5 km (17km aerial)’. In the same line, after the words ‘would be’ introduce the words “sent by conveyor to the linked TPP of M/s Monnet Ispat Power Company Ltd. by conveyor and the coal rejects would be”. In page 30, first para, line 4: replace the words “at a distance of 13.6 km from” with “adjoining”.

 

1.             Chattibariatu (South) Coalmine Project (7 MTPA in 750 ha) of M/s NTPC, located in North Karanpura Coalfields, dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that Chattibariatu (South) is adjoining NTPC’s two coal blocks- Chattibariatu and Kerendari. Chattibariatu (S) is an extension project located south of Chattibariatu Coalmine Project in North Karanpura Coalfields, for which an EC was granted on 19.04.2010 for 7 MTPA.  It was informed that the env. management of the 3 coal projects was being taken up in an integrated manner from the point of waste management, wildlife conservation, area drainage plan, etc. The total ML area is 750 ha. Of the 750 ha of ML area, 700 ha is agriculture land, 45ha is fallow land, 5ha is Govt land. No forestland is involved. There are no National Parks, WL Sanctuaries, or other ecologically sensitive areas. The drainage of the block is controlled by Chhotki nala flowing north to south along the western part of block and Kerandari nala flowing west to east towards north eastern part of the block. There are other small rivulets flowing across the block and finally joined the main Barki River flowing further west to the block. The River Barki after reaching Ghundru river near Tanwa village flows further southward joins River Garhi which is a major  tributary of River Damodar flowing West–to-East in the South-Central part  of coalfield.  Of the total ML area of 750ha, 744 ha is for mine excavation, 6 ha is for barrier and boundary. The gradient of the seam is 3o to 15o. Mining would be shovel-dumper and use of surface miner. Ultimate working depth is 320m bgl. Grade of coal is F. It was informed that the entire OB of 1150.26 Mm3 from Chattibariatu (S) would be backfilled into the decoaled voids of Chattibariatu and the OB from the initial 25 years of Kerendari OCP would be dumped in Chattibariatu (S). Mining in Chattibariatu (S) wills start only thereafter. There would be no external OB dump. Coal would be transported by dumpers to in-pit crusher and subsequently to CHP (of Chattibariatu mine) through conveyor, where it would be stored in a coal bunker and transported via MGR system. Life of the mine is 38 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 1500 crores. R&R involves two villages - Loi Sukwar at south central area within the block with 136 PAPs and 14 households and Kerendari at south eastern corner of the block with 2367 PAPS & 395 households.

 

The Committee observed that a number of streams/rivulets pass through the block finally joining River Barki and requires a Area Drainage Study. The Committee noted that the period of 25 years for storing OB from Kerendari Coal project in the land of Chattibariatu (S) is very long, and stated that even if the project is granted EC, the EC would lapse after 5 years. In addition, if the process of land acquisition is started for the project immediately, people would continue to live for the initial 25 years and the company would require undertaking R&R again for the same land. The Committee was of the view that it was desirable to presently undertake land acquisition in Chhattibaritau Coal Block only for the purpose of storing OB for the Kerendari project, as is the practice in other similar coal mine projects where land outside the ML is acquired for storing OB, in case land is not available within the ML. The Committee stated that Mining Rights for the project could be obtained from MOC with a condition that surface rights would be obtained for the entire block only in about 25 years time, when the project would start and EC has been applied for/obtained.

 

In view of the above-mentioned issues, the Committee after discussions decided to return the application.

 

 

2.             Revised application on Fatehpur East Opencast-cum-Underground Coalmine Project (10 MTPA in 1728.208 ha) of M/s Fatehpur East Coal Private Ltd., located in Mand Raigarh Coalfields, Tehsil Dharamjaigarh, dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of TOR

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that that Fatehpur East Coal PVT.Ltd. (FECPL) is a JV consisting of 5 companies- M/s J.L.D.Yuvatmal Energy Ltd, M/s R.K.M.Powergen Pvt. Ltd., M/s VISA Power Ltd., M/s Athena Infra Projects Pvt Ltd., M/s Vandana Vidhyut Ltd.for extraction of coal for captive use.  Coal mined from the Block would be used for their linked TPPs in Chhattisgarh. There are a number of PFs - Fatehpur PF.Semlipali PF, Sheraband PF within the study area. It was informed that as per actual field survey, the total ML area is 1728.208 ha of which 95 ha falling under forestland, which was categorised as ‘No-Go’ Area would be UG mining, and as a result of this, the MOEF has reclassified the Block as a ‘Go Area’ vide MOEF’s letter no 282/2010-FC dated 15 .3.201. There are no National Parks, WL Sanctuaries or Biosphere reserve in the 10 km radius of the buffer zone. The ML is drained by Pawasi nala in the north–eastern part of the block boundary which drains into River Mand, flowing in the south-east direction. It is proposed to divert Pawsi nala towards north side of the ML. Of the total ML area, 305.5 ha is agricultural land, 65.71 ha is grazing land, 13 ha is water body, 567.563 ha is Protected Forest and 770.435 ha is Govt. revenue land. Of the total ML area of 1728 ha, 567.563 ha is Protected Forest land, 345.713 ha is (335.49) tenancy   land (agriculture land), and 814.932 ha is revenue land. Of the total 1728 ha, except for an area of 90 ha which would be mined by UG method using continuous miner, the rest would be by OC with shovel-dumper. It was informed that the underground mining due to geological and technological characteristics not feasible. The area for excavation is 1458 ha, 95 ha for UG mining, green belt-75 ha, colony-10 ha; undisturbed area -90 ha. OB would initially be dumped in the non-forest area and when backfilling starts the, the OB would be backfilled in the decoaled area of 1400 ha. There are 4 villages in the Block with 1680 families. Ultimate working depth is 200m bgl. It was informed that the company has decided to pay Rs 8 lakhs/acre instead of Rs 50,000/acre which is the norm.  

 

The Committee decided that a revised application for the revised ML area of 1728.208 ha based on actual field survey is required to be submitted. The Committee was of the view that the project is impacting a number of villages and population, and desired that the proponent present the rationale for choosing mining methods not only based on geo-mining conditions and costs for producing power, but also on socio-economic concerns and costs thereof as a result of the project and the options that are available for further considering the project.

 

 

3.             Expansion of Coal Washery (0.6 MTPA to 2 MTPA) of M/s Indo-Unique Flame Ltd., located in Tehsil Wani, dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 23.09.2011 and modified on 20.12.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion from 0.6 MTPA to 2 MTPA. The washery has been established within MIDC. It was informed that coal supplied by WCL mines- Pimpalgaon (9km) and Kolar Pimpri (6.5km) is being washed on behalf of MSEB. The washed coal is transported by road to railway siding at a distance of 2km from the washery. The washery involves wet process - Heavy Media Separation Process. The process was explained. It was informed that the rejects are to be used in an FBC based TPP of M/s Ultra Tech Cement, with whom it has entered into an MOU. It was informed that the entire water is sourced from MIDC. The area is ‘safe’ from groundwater development. The total make-up water is 273 m3/d of which 133 m3/d would be re-circulated. It was informed that the ash content would be reduced from 34% to 28% and 2 MTPA of raw coal would yield an estimated 1.6 MTPA of clean coal and 0.4 MTPA would be rejects with an ash content of 58% or more. The washed coal and rejects would be transported by 30-T trucks to railways siding located at a distance of 2km. It was clarified that the railways would not permit a CHP at the railway siding. Life of the project is 45 years.

 

The Committee observed that poor house keeping is a serious problem in most coal washery units and desired that the project area should be developed with green belt. The roads within and the approach roads should be concreted or black topped and mechanical sweepers be deployed for keeping it free of dust. The storage yards should have wind shields/breakers and of suitable capacity. There should be adequate capacity of water sprinklers especially at transfer points. The entire water is re-circulated and effluents/water would be used for green belt development. The washery should be provided with a garland drain and a storm water drain. No effluents should be discharged outside the premises or into the storm water drain. Coal dust in garland drains should be settled into a two-stage settling tank and the silt with fines should be removed and disposed off in an environmentally friendly manner.

 

The Committee after discussions sought details on the housekeeping measures, hygiene, environmental and health of the workers in the washery and decided to further consider the project thereafter.

 

 

4.             Gaurangdih ABC Opencast Coalmine Project (2.5 MTPA in a project area of 356.67 ha) of M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd., located in district Burdwan, West Bengal – (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proponent represented by CMD, Himachal Power Corp. Ltd. and representatives of Himachal Emta Power and JSW presented the project. CMD, Himachal Power Corp Ltd. stated that the Govt. of H.P. had sought allotment of coal block under the State dispensation or by any other formula to meet the State power demand particularly in winter when the capacity falls in the State and also to meet the need of Industries located along the border with Punjab. It was further informed that the Govt. of H.P. had decided to not set up a TPP in H.P. as there were large objections from the population. Keeping in view the limited experience H.P. has in mining and in setting up TPPs, it was also decided to try options wherein the responsibility of producing coal and power could be given to another entity/company through a power sharing agreement; and EMTA was identified as a potential partner for mining the coal, based on criteria such as technical experience in mining, TPP. It was further decided as per the Allocation letter of MOC, the two JV partners namely Himachal Emta Power Ltd. and JSW would constitute a JV company, namely Gaurangdih Coal Ltd. for mining the coal from Gaurangdih coal block and share 50% each of the coal produced from the coal block for captive use. It was informed that 50% of the coal produced from Gaurnagdih Coal project is for captive use of JSW’s CPP of their linked Steel Plant and the balance 50% is to be jointly shared by H.P. Govt. (50%) and Emta (50%) and HEPL will develop the project as per the Agreement. The representatives of the JV agreed to the EAC’s suggestion that surplus power, if any, would come under the regulatory bid and should be supplied to end users as per guidelines of the Ministry of Power and Allocation Letter of Ministry of Coal.

 

The project was taken up for presentation. It was informed that the total project area is 356.67 ha which includes an ML area of 339.67ha and an area of 17 ha outside the ML for colony ( 5ha) and R&R site (12 ha). Of the total ML area, 92.53  ha is forestland, 110.62 ha is agricultural land of which 62.19 ha is fallow, 60.22 ha is  degraded  land, 60.86 ha is built up area, 15.44 ha is surface water body. The rated capacity of the mine is 2.50 MTPA. Of the total project area of 356.67ha, quarry area is 214.00 ha,  external OB dump is 62.97ha, infrastructure is 9.50ha, R&R colony is 12ha, and colony is 5ha, road is 8ha, and others (safety zone) is 45.20 ha. Grade of coal is F. Mining will be opencast using shovel-dumper combination. It was clarified that although the block forms a part of Raniganj coalfields which has high grade coal, Gurangdih block falls in Barakar Measure, where the coal seams are inter-banded of the grade D to G with high ash content. It was informed that the company has a steadfast record of coal and non-coal mining to the satisfaction of DGMS and Env. & Forest Depts. The matter of land reclamation for post mining use is of priority and the example of Pachwara coal project where wheat has been grown successfully was explained. Life of the project is 27 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 621.71 Crores.

 

The Committee desired that before the start of the project a thorough assessment requires to be carried out on the status of abandoned pits/quarries, old abandoned UG mines and their workings, extent of subsidence and problems of fire in the seams, if any. The Committee suggested the use of satellite imageries of the area from NRSA to study the extent of area under subsidence, fire, degraded. etc. The Committee sought  a detailed R&R Plan for displaced and land oustees. The Committee also desired that people involved in illegal mining would be suitably rehabilitated.  The Committee noted that 92.53 ha of forestland is involved in the project. The Committee desired that the forest density of the area may be checked and if possible either go for the option of UG mining or leave the forest area from OC mining.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                  An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2.5 MTPA rated capacity in an ML/project area of 356.67 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)           An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2.5 MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 2.5 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 2.5 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. The Committee desired that before the start of the project a thorough assessment requires to be carried out on the status of abandoned pits/quarries, old abandoned UG mines and their workings, extent of subsidence and problems of fire in the seams, if any. The Committee suggested the use of satellite imageries of the area from NRSA to study the extent of area under subsidence, fire, degraded, etc. The Committee noted that 92.53 ha of forestland is involved in the project. The Committee desired that the forest density of the area may be checked and if possible either go for the option of UG mining or leave the forest area from OC mining.

(iii)        A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)         A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)           Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)          Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)        A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)       A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)          Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)           Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)          Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)        Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)       Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)       Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)         Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)           Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)     Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)     Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)       Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)         Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)       Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                        

(xxii)      Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)       Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)        Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)          Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)     Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)    Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)      Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF)  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi)    Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii)    Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) The Committee sought a detailed R&R Plan for displaced and land oustees. The Committee also desired that people involved in illegal mining would be suitably rehabilitated. Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

                                The committee also desired that a detailed CSR Plan should also be prepared and furnished.

(xxxiv)   Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv)    In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)      Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)            All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)           Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)         Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)          After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)                 The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)               The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)        The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)       The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)                  Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)                Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)              Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

5.             Dahegaon Makardokhra IV Underground Coal Mine Project (1.5 MTPA in an ML area of 706.15 ha) of M/s Wardha Valley Coalfield Pvt. Ltd., in Umrer Coalfields, Tehsil Umrer, dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the MOC allotted the block to 3 companies – Ambuja Cements, Lafarge for their cement plants in Chandrapur and in Gulbarga respectively and to IST Steel & Power, for their steel plant in Bellary. The coal block lies towards the dip side of Makardokhra Blocks –I, II and III. The area is rich in black cotton soil. It was informed that UG mining would be using Continuous Miner. Two sets of entry would be made. The use of continuous miner would yield about 65-70% of coal, but due to presence of habitation, only partial extraction of the coal would be carried out with no depillaring under it, yielding about 42% of coal. Grade of coal is C-D with ash content less than 34%. It was informed that coal seams are at a  depth of 170- 420.84m bgl. The drainage of the area is controlled by River Amb. The committee was informed that statutory regulations would be followed for mining below water bodies and habitation, although impacts at such depths are not anticipated. It was stated that coal transportation would be by railway and it is planned to establish a railway siding subject to clearance from Railway ministry. The Committee was informed that mine water discharge would be used in irrigation of the study area. Proposal for diversion of 182.93 ha forestland has been made. Life of the mine is 30 years. Capital cost of the Project is Rs 350 crores.

 

The Committee desired that bulk loaders instead of pay loaders should be used for loading at the railway siding. The Committee desired that the impact of long-term dewatering of the mine on the groundwater regime and on the surface water bodies should be studied especially as a water reservoir of Makardhokra irrigation Dam exists nearby. The Committee desired that a detailed CSR Plan should be prepared and furnished.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                  An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of 1.5 MTPA over an area of  706.15 ha  addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)                The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 1.5 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)              A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)               Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)                 Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)               Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)             Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)           Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)               Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)                 Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xi)               Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)             The Committee desired that the impact of long-term dewatering of the mine on the groundwater regime and on the surface water bodies should be studied especially as a water reservoir of Makardhokra irrigation Dam is existing nearby. Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)           Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)           Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)             Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)           The Committee desired that bulk loaders instead of pay loaders should be used for loading at the railway siding and CHP. Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)         Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)       Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)           Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)             Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)           Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)         Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)       Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)        R&R if any: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxv)          The Committee desired that a detailed CSR Plan should be prepared and furnished.

(xxvi)        Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvii)      Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxviii)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxix)     Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)            All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)           Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)         Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)               After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)                 The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)        The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)       Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(ix)          The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)            Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)           Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)    Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

6.       Kosara Dongargaon Underground Coal Mine Project (0.3 MTPA in an ML area of 450 ha) of M/s Chaman Metallics Ltd., located in Tehsil Wani, dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 28.03.2008)

 

The proposal was further considered on the issues raised in the EAC meeting held on 27th -28th September 2010. The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the area of 100 ha has been reduced and only 20 ha land would be acquired for surface rights and agriculture practices would be allowed. The water requirement for the project has been reduced from 1000 m3/d to 350 m3/d.  It was informed that transportation to linked project at a distance of 40km would be by trucks of 16-T capacity. It was informed that Railways are not agreeable for transport of such low quantum of coal. The proponent agreed to supply treated water to four adjoining villages over the life of the project.

 

The Committee noted that it is a water scarce area and desired that in addition to the activities presented under CSR, an amount of Rs 3 lakhs/year should be earmarked for supply of drinking water. The Committee desired that an amount of Rs 75 lakhs towards capital cost for socio-economic schemes/measures and an annual revenue cost of Rs 5/tonne of coal should be provided for the socio-economic activities for life of the project.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC.

 

 

7.       Jarangdih OCP (0.885 MTPA) and UGP (0.275 MTPA) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd, located in Kathara Area, Jharkhand (Further consideration of EC)

 

The proponent made a presentation on the issues of mine reclamation and post mining land use. It was informed that the extent of backfilled area has been increased from 6.3 ha to 24.4 ha, however mine void depth at the post mining stage would be about 100m over an area of 13.38 ha.

 

 The Committee desired that the matter of reducing mine void depth if the area of the void is maintained as 27.52 ha and details furnished to the Ministry for further consideration. The Committee desired that an amount of Rs 25 lakhs be earmarked for CSR for the balance 4 years of mine life.

 

 

8.       Kathara Opencast Expansion Coal Mine Project (0.96 MTPA (nominal) and 1.90 MTPA (peak) in an 792.81 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd. located in Block Bermo, District Bokaro, Jharkhand (Report on Site visit of Sub-committee of EAC)

 

Director, MOEF presented the report of the site visit to the project which is at Annexure-3.  The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC.

 

 

9.       Urimari Expn. OCP (2 MTPA normative and 2.5 MTPA peak in an ML area of 243.09 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 31.12.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the delay in submission of EC application was due to conduct of P.H. only in 10.01.2010 and thereafter for CMPDIL to finalise the EIA-EMP Report. The proposal is for expansion in production from 1.30 MTPA to 2 MTPA. Of the total ML area of 243.09 ha, of which 108.71ha is forestland, 134.38ha is non-forestland (43.0 ha of Govt. land and 91.38 ha of tenancy land). Of the ML area of 243.09 ha, 165.27 ha is for quarry, 19.86 ha is for external OB dump, 30.85ha is for safety zone, 15.80 ha is for road, and 11.31 ha is for colony, workshop, etc. Grade of coal is F. OC mining would be by shovel-dumper with surface miner. Mine is 300-600m from River Damodar. Tilaya nala flowing within the ML is to be diverted. Total estimated OB generation is 42.93 Mm3. An external dump of a max. height of 60m is proposed to store 3.92 Mm3 of OB in an area of 19.66 ha. An estimated 39.01 Mm3 of OB would be backfilled. Water table is in the range of 1.62m-9.40 mbgl during pre-monsoon and 0.65 mbgl -6.10 mbgl during post-monsoon. Ultimate working depth is 90m bgl. A water body of 76.32 ha is to be left at the post mining stage. Total water requirement is 1705 m3/d of which 1160 m3/d is for the mine operation and 545 m3/d is for domestic use. R&R involves 396 PAFs from the villages Potanga, Gandhonia, Bhurkandwa, Resaktola, Urimari, Aswa, of which 88 PAFs have been resettled. Coal despatch is presently from Saunda Railway Siding at a distance of 5 km and would continue for the expansion project as well. Public Hearing was held on 10.01.2010. Balance life of the project is 10 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 25.30 crores.

 

The Committee desired that the option of coal transportation by rail should be examined. The Committee desired that no external OB dump is left at the post mining stage and the waste management be reworked and details furnished. The Committee noted that the proposed OB dump of 19.7 ha is very close to River Damodar and desired that other options may be examined. The Committee noted that the study area is mainly consisting of forest ecosystem and should be restored at the post mining stage using a mix of native species found in the original ecosystem. The Committee sought details of reclamation of old OB dumps. R & R Plan for balance PAFs is needed to be submitted. The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of these details.

 

 

10.     Pichri OCP (1.20 MTPA with a peak capacity of 1.50 MTPA in an ML area of 185.44 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in East Bokaro Coalfields dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that an OCP is proposed where an UG mine was earlier in operation. The mine is located adjoining River Damodar along the south bank. Grade of coal is coking coal grade to be used by steel plants in the area. It was noted that the mine was being mined illegally before nationalisation and in violation by CCL as no EC has been obtained for production after EIA Notification 1994 came into effect.  Of the total ML area, 23.02 ha is forestland and 162.42ha is non-forest land. Of the total Ml area, 56.14 ha is for quarry area, 70.26 ha is for external OB dumps, 6 ha is for infrastructure, 5.90 ha is for embankment, 13.17 ha is for green belt, 6 ha is for colony and 27.97 ha is for safety zone. A pit top coal handling plant to handle 1.20 MTPA of coal is proposed from where coal would be transported to Phusro Railway siding. Mining is opencast involving shovel-dumper and surface miner. Of the total OB generation of 36.54 Mm3, 35.85 Mm3 is to be dumped in external OB dump in an area of 70.26ha and 0.49 Mm3 is to be backfilled and 0.20 Mm3 is for embankment along River Damodar. Operation of the quarry would be after 15m surface barrier of the embankment and leaving a safety distance of 40m from southern toe of the embankment and a 60m distance would be left along the east and west side of the quarry. Water table is in the range of 1.62m-9.40m bgl during pre-monsoon and 0.65m-6.10m bgl during post-monsoon. Ultimate working depth is 170m bgl. Life of the mine is 19 years. A provision of Rs 5/T of coal is being provided for CSR. Project was approved by CCL on 27.11.2010.One village – Pichri with two bastis –Jamtand and Tungi with 200 PAFs requires to be rehabilitated.

 

The Committee sought details of existing land use and desired that the peak rainfall data of IMD over the past 100 years record should be studied for impact of OC mining adjoining River Damodar. The Committee desired that the proponent examine whether UG mining is a feasible option with justification for social and env. costs and thereafter the proposal would be further considered.

 

 

11.     Pit Head Coal Washery (1 MTPA) in Brinda-Sisai Coalmine Project of M/s Abhijeet Infrastructure Ltd., located in dist. Chatra, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that a pit head coal washery of 1 MTPA capacity in an area of 6.40 acres adjoining the Brinda-Sisai OCP is to be established. Of the total area, 3.60 acres is for the coal washery, 2.10 acre is for green belt and 0.70 acre is for infrastructure. No forestland is involved and the project does not involve displacement of people. However, a number of PFs are located in the 10km buffer zone. It was clarified that since the non-mineralised area within the ML is forest land, it was not feasible to put up a washery within the leasehold area. It was stated that an EC was obtained for the coal mine project on 17.05.2007 for Brinda-Sisai OCP for meeting the requirements of a DRI Plant of 0.7 MTPA capacity for which an EC was obtained on 03.06.2009. The coal washery is a two-process wet washery (using Heavy Media Density Separator Technology) with closed circuit water utilization system with a concept of Zero Discharge. of 1 MTPA capacity with an ash content of 35-40%, of which 0.41 MTPA of washed coal of 26-28% ash content would be used in the DRI Plant and 0.32 MTPA of middling of 36-38% ash content would be sent to their linked 30 MW TPP.  The remaining coal rejects of ash content of 80% or more would be backfilled into mine voids. Transportation of washed coal and middling would be by road (7km) to the Shivpur-Tori Rail line. It was informed that mine water would be used for operation of the washery. Capital cost of the project is Rs 27.17 crores.

 

The Committee desired that an env. management calendar plan for waste management and disposal of rejects which have insignificant calorific value should be prepared and furnished to the Ministry. The Committee stated that a loop line connecting all coal projects in North Karanpura Coalfields is being planned by the Railway authorities, and the proponent may examine and furnish details whether a railway siding near/within the ML is feasible for transport of clean coal and middling from the washery directly by rail avoiding road transportation as the buffer zone is rich in forest. The Committee observed that most coal washeries do not adopt best environmental practices of housekeeping and desired that measures for dust suppression should include use of mechanical sweepers, sprinklers, concreting of roads, green belt, establishment of stockyards of adequate capacity for raw coal, clean coal and middling. Water usage in the washery should be minimal and should adopt recycling. The washery must be provided with two separate drains – garland drain for water from washery premises to be settled in settling ponds and removing coal fines to meet the norms for parameters such as pH, TSS, etc and a separate storm water drain for discharge of rainwater. The Committee decided that a Public Hearing would be required for the project.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)            A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. The specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process involved in the Washery. The Committee desired that an env. management calendar plan for waste management and disposal of rejects which have insignificant calorific value should be prepared and furnished to the Ministry.

(ii)           The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. The Committee observed that most coal washeries do not adopt best environmental practices of housekeeping and desired that measures for dust suppression should include use of mechanical sweepers, sprinklers, concreting of roads, green belt, establishment of stockyards of adequate capacity for raw coal, clean coal and middling. Water usage in the washery should be minimal and should adopt recycling. The washery must be provided with two separate drains – garland drain for water from washery premises to be settled in settling ponds and removing coal fines to meet the norms for parameters such as pH, TSS, etc and a separate storm water drain for discharge of rainwater.

If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)         A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

(iv)          Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(v)           Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)          Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)        The Committee stated that a loop line connecting all coal projects in North Karanpura Coalfields is being planned by the Railway authorities, and the proponent may examine and furnish details whether a railway siding near/within the ML is feasible for transport of clean coal and middling from the washery directly by rail avoiding road transportation as the buffer zone is rich in forest. Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)       Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)          Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)           Details of green belt development.

(xi)          Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xii)        The Committee decided that a Public Hearing would be required for the project. Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiii)       CSR details should also be furnished.

(xiv)       Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xv)         Submission of sample test analysis of:

I       Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

                     I.            Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

                   II.            Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xvi)       Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xvii)      Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xvii)      Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)            All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)           Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)         Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)               After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)                 The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)          The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)        The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(viii)       The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

 

12.     Bhubaneshwari OCP (expn.) (10 MTPA to 20 MTPA) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., located in Talcher Coalfields, dist. Angul, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 28.03.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion from 10 MTPA to 20 MTPA within the existing ML area of 808.294 ha. The present project for 10 MTPA was granted EC on 06.06.2003 however, prodn. started only in 2008-09 as per details below due to problems in land acquisition and has reached a max of 4 MTPA.

 

YEAR

Coal Production (in MTPA)

2003

-

2004

-

2005

-

2006

-

2007

0.02

2008

1.85

2009

4.0

2010-11

2.42

 

It was stated that the Action for CPA of Angul-Talcher includes the following specific action plan:

i.              Dedicated freight corridor.

ii.            Plan for mine drainage water.

iii.           Use of surface miner for at least 60% of the projects.

iv.           Adoption of filling mine voids with flyash.

v.             Provision of supply of drinking water.

vi.           Expansion of rail loading facility.

vii.          Comprehensive Fire Control Plan for reducing SO2 and heat.

viii.         Backfilling of mine voids.

ix.           Action Plan for mine reclamation.

x.             Monitoring of heavy metals.

xi.           Provision of power back-up systems.        

 

Of the total ML area of 658.724 ha, 132.904 ha forestland, 445.03 ha -Agriculture land, 48.40 ha is waste land, 11.946 ha is grazing land, 3.848 ha is surface water body, 16.596 ha others Govt land & Gharbari /road and an area of 149.570ha is outside ML area), thus the total project area is 808.294 ha. There are a few RFs found in the buffer zone. Of the project/total ML area, 462.641 ha is for quarry, 83.150 ha is for blasting/danger zone, 94ha is for external OB dump, 8ha is for railway siding,10.933 ha is for infrastructure, 32 ha is for residential colony, 117.570 ha is for resettlement. River Brahmani flows in the southern side at a distance of 6 km. One seasonal nala,”Bangaru Jhara” that flows in the north extremity of the block and drains into River Brahmani at the north of Talcher town. The mining in the present project is by shovel-dumper combination and the expansion project would be using surface miner (avoiding drilling and blasting). Grade of coal is E & F. An estimated 52.37 Mm3 of OB is stored in two external OB dumps (37.32 Mm3) and using the voids of Ananta OCP (15.05 Mm3) and the balance 199.02 Mm3 would be used for backfilling. The mine voids would be also backfilled with flyash. The balance life of the mine is 25 years. A total Rs 187.06 crores has been earmarked for CSR. The total water requirement is 4360 m3/d. The estimated mine discharge is 13934 m3/d. Water table is in the range of 5.10m bgl-8.70m bgl during pre-monsoon and in the range of 0.35 -2.77m bgl during post-monsoon. There is no additional R&R involved in the expansion project as no additional land is being acquired. R&R for the existing project involves1204 PAFs from the villages - Hensamul, Jilinda, Naraharipur, Khanduabaha, Longijoda, Anadpur, Madanmohanpur, Kandhal, of which R&R has been completed for 856 PAFs  for whom employment was provided, 365 PAFs of  Hensamul, Jilinda have been provided plots, and 532 PAFs of Hensamul, Jilinda, Naraharipur opted for cash compensation and the balance 1185 PAFs of Hensamul, Jilinda  and Naraharipur  require to be resettled. Coal is transported by 2000 trucks/d using 35-T trucks from mine to surface and by conveyor belt to Silo (2x4000T) to be loaded onto railway wagon. Transportation of coal would be rail (90%) and by road (10%) involving 16-T tippers. It was stated that a 41.45 km long railway freight corridor is proposed however, no time line for its completion is given. Public Hearing was held on 10.02.2009. Project was approved for 20 MTPA on 15.09.2005. Forestry clearance was obtained on 06.12.2004 for 112.521 ha. It was clarified that production would not exceed 20 MTPA rated capacity.

 

The Committee noted that the project fell in Critically Polluted Area of Angul-Talcher and a number of high-capacity opencast coalmines are operating adjoining Bhubaneshwari OCP – Ananta (20 MTPA), Ananata Extn. (20 MTPA), Lingraj (20 MTPA) and desired to know the details of the specific Action Plan drawn up for the project by the Orissa SPCB/CPCB to be implemented by M/s MCL for their projects to mitigate the env. pollution and degradation due to operation of coal mines in Angul-Talcher. The Committee sought details of a Regional Env. Action Plan prepared by ISM, Dhnabad on behalf of the Govt. of Orissa and the specific action points for M/s MCL in regard to the CPA. It was noted that the proponent could not confirm whether the project is based on highest achievable production capacity. The Committee observed that the area adjoining the Bhubaneshawri OCP has 4-5 opencast mines of a total combined capacity of 80-90 MTPA production capacity. The Committee desired that the “Env. Action Plan” should include plan with time-lines for transportation of coal by conveyor-cum-rail avoiding road transportation as the area is critically polluted due to dust and other pollutants and feasibility of in-pit crushing and loading. The Committee observed that as a large number of OC and UG mines are operating in the area, an integrated land reclamation and waste management/OB dumping plan should be submitted along with details of number of mines in the area upto 5-6km, whose voids could be used to dump OB in a cluster approach to avoid external OB dumps and for ensuring that the decoaled voids left at the post mining stage should be of a max. depth of 30m from the surface. The Committee further stated that feasibility studies should be undertaken to determine if the water and land characteristics are suitable for dumping flyash. The Committee also desired that the impact of dewatering by the combined operation of all the major high capacity opencast mines on the ground water regime of the area requires to be assessed. The Committee observed that the AAQ and the met. Data have been collected at different years (2009 and 2010) and also noted that the levels of AAQ parameters such as PM10, PM2.5, NOx, etc were below that expected for a Critically Polluted Area and that in addition to these parameters PM10 and PM2.5 also should have been monitored. The Committee further desired that the data furnished by the proponent be verified by CPCB. The Committee also desired that Third Party evaluation of the env. quality data for the project and for the region should be got done through a reputed env. lab. recognised under EPA Rules. The Committee desired that a comprehensive R&R Action Plan should be furnished in a booklet form.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

13.     Lingraj OCP Expn. (13 MTPA to 16 MTPA normative and 20 MTPA peak) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., located in Talcher Coalfields, dist. Angul. Orissa (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for further expansion in production in the existing ML area of 1410 ha, of which 186.311 ha is forestland, 828.699 ha is agricultural land, 350 ha is wasteland, 45 ha is surface water body and an area of 83.19 ha outside the ML is for R&R colony, thus the total project area if 1493.2 ha. Forestry clearance was obtained for 112.52 ha of forest land on 17.10.2002 & on 6.12.2004. Of the total ML area, 538.851 ha is quarry, 552.919 ha is safety zone, 256.03 ha is for external OB dump, 51.80 ha is for infrastructure, 10.41 ha is for rationalisation of boundary and road diversion. Life of the mine is 21 years. Peak capacity of 20 MTPA would be achieved during 12th year of mine life. Existing project operation is by shovel-dumper and the expansion would be by using surface miner. Ultimate working depth is 272.5m bgl. Grade of coal is E-F-G. The estimated OB generation from the mine is 222.23 Mm3 of which 18.78 Mm3 is to be dumped externally from the expansion project and 203.45 Mm3 of OB is to be backfilled. An amount of Rs 160.75 crores has been earmarked for CSR. The total water requirement is 5720 m3/d of which 2850 m3/d is for domestic use and 2870 m3/d is for the mine operations. The water table is in the range of 5.1m-8.52m bgl during pre-monsoon and 0.28-5.39m bgl during post-monsoon. The project does not involve additional R&R in th expansion project. R&R for the existing project consists of 107 PAFs - Baliugaon-4, Longijoda-10, Baliugaon-Khamar-80, Ambamunda & Nakulabaspur-5 and Madanmohanpur -5. Total mine discharge water is estimated as 1580 m3/d. The drainage of the core zone is controlled by small seasonal nalas flowing generally towards north and outfall into north-south flowing River Brahmani, which flows at distance of 3 km east of the block. There are few man made ponds. Coal is being transported to Kaniha STPS and other TPS through MGR system for the existing project and proposed expansion. Silo arrangement is proposed for coal loading and coal dispatch. Project was approved by MCL on 06.02.2010.

 

The Committee sought details of specific Action Plan drawn up for the project as it is located within the Critically Polluted Area of Angul. The Committee desired that the total waste management plan, OB dumping, and reclamation including conceptual mine closure of mine void, etc should be furnished taking into consideration the neighbouring large operating opencast mines – Bhubaneshwari, Ananta, etc in an integrated manner. The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of these details.

 

 

14.        Gopal Prasad OCP (15 MTPA in a project area of 1289 ha) of M/s MJSJ Coal Ltd., located in Talcher Coalfields, dist. Angul, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 31.12.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project is for opening  a new opencast coalmine in Chhendipeda Tehsil and is allocated to a JV company consisting of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. (9 MTPA), M/s JSW Energy Ltd. (3.3), Jindal Stainless Steel Ltd.(S) (1.35 MTPA), MTPA) and M/s Shyam DRI Energy Ltd. (1.35 MTPA). The project is proposed as an amalgamation of Gopalprasad and Utkal-A coal blocks with a view to conserving coal. The total Ml area of 1025.93 ha of which 94.94 ha is forestland, 668.08ha is agricultural land, 79.92 ha is wasteland, 39.07ha is grazing land, 56.19ha is surface water bodies, 18.49ha is for roads, 11.61ha is homestead land and 57.63 are other uses and an area of 264 ha of non-forest land is outside the ML area, thus the total project area is 1289 ha. Forestry clearance is under process. The ML for mine operations consist of 908.12 ha of quarry area, 27.68 ha for embankment, 46.10 ha is for infrastructure, 2.94 ha is for approach roads, 17.97 ha barrier in the east, haul road and for nala diversion, 5.16 ha is barrier in the west and for nala diversion,  3.44 ha is for barrier for nala diversion along the south. 14.52 ha is for coal stockyard. The area outside the ML consists of 30 ha for colony, 164 ha for R&R colony, 70 ha for MGR and railway link to Angul-Kalinga line. Rated capacity is 11 MTPA. Mining would be by surface miner (85%) and by shovel-dumper (15%). Ultimate working depth is 215m bgl. Coal grade is F-G. River Brahmani flows north to south along the eastern boundary of Talcher coalfields and forms the main drainage of the region. Northern boundary of the project is Singhada Jhor which flows eastward and joins River Brahmani. Ghurudia nullah, a tributary of Singada Jhor, flowing from western part to north-eastern part of the block, controls the drainage of the project area. A part of Ghurudia stream, traversing through the lease would be diverted to join Singhada Jhor on the western side of the project. A small portion of Singada Jhor passing through the project boundary would be realigned in the 6th year of mining operation. An embankment 3m above the HFL, would be constructed along the Singadajhar for almost the entire length along the northern boundary of the project for protection against flood/mine inundation. An estimated 644.28 Mm3 of OB would be generated which would be backfilled. A temporary external OB dump for a period of 17-35 years would be established in the mineralised area of 650 ha for storing 110 Mm3 of OB, which would be rehandled and at the end of mine life, there would be no external OB dump. Life of the mine is 52 years. The total water requirement for the project is 3540 m3/d of which 2640m3/d is for the mine operation and 900 m3/d is for domestic use. The water table in the area is in the range of 2-9.50m bgl during pre-monsoon and in the range of 2.50-5m bgl during post-monsoon. The total estimated mine water discharge is Rs 25,180 m3/d. There are 25 RFs and 10 PFs in the study area and 10 RF and 5 PF in the core zone consisting of dry deciduous forest with Sal, Tendu, Mahua, Chironji, Neem, etc. Endangered fauna such as elephant and bear are reported in the area. A Wildlife Conservation Plan has been prepared and submitted to PCCF, WL in May 2009. The capital cost of the project is Rs 395.87 crores. An amount of Rs 50.515 crores is earmarked for CSR. R&R has been completed. Coal loading and transportation is proposed by Silo and MGR. Public Hearing was held on 18.12.2009. Project approved by MCL on 23.04.2009. Life of the mine is 52 years.

 

The Committee observed that 60% of the land is agricultural land and paddy is grown in the area, and the livelihood of the people would be affected due to the project. The Committee sought details of land use of the revenue land. The Committee also noted that hydrology of the area would be affected due to the proposed diversion of  Singadajhar and Ghurudia nala and sought details of impacts thereof on the surface and ground water and stated that prior approval of the State Flood & Irrigation Dept. is essential. The Committee observed that no AAQ station has been established in the down wind of the ML of predominant wind direction.  The Committee sought the response of PCCF, WL, Govt. of Orissa on the WL Conservation Plan and sought details of forest area under revenue forest (DLC land).  The Committee sought details of reclamation measures for the external OB dump proposed for 17 years for a max. height of 90m. The Committee desired the impact of a number of existing and proposed high-capacity mines - Hingula Utkal group of mines, and Gopal Prasad coming up in the area on the groundwater regime.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the proposal after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

15.          Kaparion-ki-Dhani Lignite Mining Project (0.5 MTPA in 867 ha ML area) of M/s DCM Shriram Consolidated Ltd., located in Tehsil Merta City, District Nagaur, Rajasthan – (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 23.05.2007)

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 27th -28th September 2010 and the response received on the issues raised by the Committee was considered further. It was explained that most of the agricultural practice is by use of tube wells and the major crops are Jowar, Bajra, wheat etc. It was informed that the plantation including mine reclamation and green belt would be undertaken using native species such as Khejri, ‘Ber’, etc, in addition to local shrubs and grasses to stabilise the land. In respect of impact of mining on ground water, the proponent clarified that mining will not intersect the confined aquifer. The final void being reduced from 103.3m to 95m bgl after considering all feasible options. It was explained that transportation of lignite is by road for a distance of 600km and it is not a feasible option to construct a railway siding or extend a railway link to the mine.

 

The Committee desired that an amount of Rs 40 lakhs instead of Rs 20 lakhs be earmarked for plantation and afforestation activity (with a density of at least 600-700 tress/ha) for a period of at least 8 years and the help of the locals should be utilised in developing/raising the plantation and also serve as a corridor for free movement of fauna venturing into the lease area The Committee noted that the groundwater level is declining by 3m every year due to extensive irrigation and the area is categorised as ‘dark’ from over-exploitation of groundwater. The comments of Dr.Arijit Dey, Min. of Water Resources and Dr. KKS Bhatia, Expert and Member EAC on the measures to be undertaken for conservation and recharge and monitoring of ground water were noted for implementation by the proponent. The Committee desired that mine discharge water if to be discharged into the land/surface waters or for drinking purpose should be treated to prescribed norms, particularly for pH, TDS, F, etc. Adequate number of groundwater monitoring stations/peizometers should be established in and around the mine for monitoring groundwater level and quality, and continue post project for at least 3 years. Brine sludge should be stored in concrete lined pits and disposed off to a suitable buyer for use in chemical manufacture. The proponent may also develop and maintain the existing natural channels and seasonal nalas and ponds/tanks and natural low-lying areas for storing rainwater for use of local communities. The proponent should not use borewell water for their mine operation. The Committee stated that since no rail link is available, lignite transport to the linked Plant is by road, however, when rail linkage is available, rail mode of transport of lignite will be used.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for environmental clearance after receiving the aforesaid conditions for record of the Ministry.

 

 

16.          Dongri Tal-II Coalmine Project Phase-I (2.9 MTPA) of M/s M.P. State Mining Corp. Ltd. located in district Singrauli, M.P. (EC based on TOR granted on 28.05.2010)

 

It was informed that the coal block was allotted by MOC through State Govt. dispensation route and as per the Allocation Letter, a JV consisting of Jaiprakash Associates Ltd. to develop and mine coal under M.P. Jaypee Coal Company Ltd. and to M.P. State Govt. having a share of 49%:51% was constituted. It was informed that as per the power sharing Agreement with the Govt. of M.P., 37% price would be fixed and 56% would be sold responding to Case 1 bids.  As per PPA with Govt. of M.P. It was stated that  coal to to Jaypee is for their linked 2x 660 MW TPP in Singrauli, M.P. at a distance of 45km for which an EC has been granted.

 

The project details were presented. It was informed that no forestland is involved in the ML area of 1392 ha, which is primarily agricultural land (450.19 ha and 712 ha), 164.11 ha is wasteland, 38.36 ha is settlements, 27.25 ha is water body. There are no ecologically sensitive areas within the 10km radius of the project. The mine is drained by River Gopad. The project involves diversion of a nala in the northern portion of the lease. The nala in the southern portion would not be disturbed.  Mining Plan has been approved. Mining is opencast by shovel-dumper and use of surface miner. The production capacity of the mine is 2.9 MTPA. Grade of coal is B to E. Of the total ML area, 1132.27ha is quarry, 4.02ha is for barrier along mine boundary, 123.51ha is for external OB dump, 20.23ha is for surface infrastructure, 49.47ha is for colony and related infrastructure, 52.50ha for green belt, 10 ha for resettlement village. The top seam is shallow and 30m from surface. Ultimate working depth is 125m bgl. A Regional Wildlife Conservation Plan has been prepared for the entire district Singrauli, in which the proponent would also participate and contribute. Water table in the study area is in the range of 10-12 mbgl. The details of the study of impact of mining on hydrogeology were presented. It was informed that percolation ponds and check dams are proposed to increase the water availability in the area and for recharge of ground water (semi-confined aquifer), which is presently at 40m bgl. It was clarified that the local population is dependent upon natural surface water such as streams and nalas for irrigation of their agricultural land and are dependent upon unconfined aquifer for their drinking and domestic use. The total water requirement for the project is 965 m3/d of which 855 m3/d is for mine operation and 110 m3/d is for domestic use. It was informed that mine discharge water would be discharged out after settling in settling tanks. It was informed that an estimated 538 Mm3 (80%) of OB would be backfilled and the balance (59 Mm3) would be stored in three external OB dumps of an area of 123 ha and a max. height of 55m, 30m, and 25m. Backfilling would begin from 5th year onwards. Coal transportation from CHP is by rail. Public Hearing was held on 10.02.2009. Expected life of the mine is 17 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 500 crores.

 

The Committee sought details of Power Purchase Agreement for the 1320 MW and stated that power should be sold through competitive bidding route and on a medium to long-term contracts and based on guidelines of GOI (MoP) and as per the Allocation Letter of MOC. The Committee desired that prior approval of the Flood & Irrigation Dept. should be obtained on the design and diversion route for the nala. The Committee decided to refer the Hydrogeology Report to Dr.Arijit Dey for comments. The Committee observed that the one season AAQ and met data have been collected during different seasons. The Committee noted that a coal mine at a distance of about 40km has listed  a number of endangered fauna such as the elephant, leopard, Sloth Bear, Wolf, etc and sought a project specific WL Conservation Plan along with suitable budgetary provision, which should be dovetailed with a Regional WL Conservation Plan. The Committee also sought details of coal evacuation from the mine to end user(s). The Committee desired that implementation period for completion of R&R should be reduced form 17 years to 7 years or less. The Committee sought a letter of Revenue Dept. on whether the agricultural produce from the ML is single or double crop. The Committee desired that a Corpus Fund for Rs 1 crore should be earmarked for maintenance of the common resources for life of the project. The Committee desired that the initial budget of Rs 408 lakhs for CSR should be extended for life of the project with an annual revenue expenditure of Rs 6/T of coal.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of these details when a senior representative of the State Govt. should also participate.

 

 

17.          Proposed Coal Washery (4 MTPA) of M/s Gupta Coalfields & Washeries Ltd., located in village Pimpalgaon (Brahmani), Tehsil Wani, Dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 17.12.2007)

 

The Committee before consideration of the proposal discussed a representation received by e-mail dated 25.03.2011 from Shri Sandeep Meshram, President, Ecobalance, against the setting up of the aforesaid-coal washery. The representation stated that a large number of coal washeries of the company were already in operation in Maharashtra and were seeking EC for proposed expansion as given below, for which a rationale/justification on their working/operation and need for the proposed expansion and for establishing the aforesaid new washery were  sought.

 

S.N.

Existing

Capacity

 (MTPA)

Proposed

(MTPA)

1.

Majhri

1.96

4

2.

Ghuggus

2.4

4

3.

Sasti (Gauri)

2.4

4

4.

Gondegaon (Parseoni)

-

4.8

5.

Wani

0.45

4.0

The e-mail also stated that project proponent has already received a captive coal block at village Nerad, Taluk Wani, dist Yavatmal for their proposed power plant (2 x 60 MW) at Ghugus Dist Chandrapur and the proponent could utilise coal rejects from their above-mentioned existing coal washeries which would meet the requirements for the proposed power plant. The e-mail also quoted the report of the site visit made by a Sub-Committee of the EAC (T&C) on 8-9 Oct. 2007 to Majhri Coal Washery which had made a number of critical observations on the env. conditions in which it was operating and decided that the unit must first strictly operate within the Consented production limit of 2 MTPA of MSPCB, at the first instance, taking all environmental safeguards and for rectifying the above problems causing environmental pollution/degradation. The road upto the village for a distance of 3km should be completely black topped by the company as the trucks of the company are mostly using that stretch for transporting coal to-and from the washery. The unit must ascertain the optimum capacity to sustain environmentally sound present production levels and no further capacity enhancement from 1.96 MTPA to 4 MTPA as applied for should be permitted until their present operations are environmentally sound, the infrastructural facilities necessary are in place. The sub-committee further recommended that further expansion could be considered only after report on compliance that the conditions imposed by the Maharashtra SPCB for their present capacity of 1.9 MTPA have been satisfactorily met.

 

As regards the present washery which is seeking EC for 4 MTPA, the e-mail further stated that Public Hearing was cancelled by the District Collector due to opposition of the people of the area, and the project is in the vicinity of a village, causing nuisance value to the residents of the village Brahmni & Pimpalgaon. Considering the proposed nuisance value due to upcoming project and the opposition by local residents, the District Collector Yavatmal cancelled the Public Hearing. The e-mail further informed that the local Grampanchayat has also been continuously opposing the project and their recommendations were sent to various Government Forums. The e-mail also stated that the TOR was granted in Dec. 2007 and sought the reasons for submission of an EC in 2011. The e-mail also stated that a CHP has been already constructed at the site in violation of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

Director, MOEF stated that the proposal was placed for consideration vide MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 (available on MOEF website: www.envfor.nic.in/project clearances/environmental clearances/Circulars), whereby proposals that have been granted TOR before 01.04.2010 had a validity period of 4 years subject to the baseline data for EIA-EMP being no later than 3 years. Director, MOEF further stated that the EAC and the MOEF after receiving the report of the Sub-Committee which visited Majhri Coal Washery in Oct. 2007, along with a representative of Maharashtra State Pollution Control Board, had decided in principle to not consider any expansion projects of coal washery for TOR, unless a report of the compliance status of their consent for their existing operation was provided by the concerned State Pollution Control Boards and in view of this, Majhri Coal Washery has not been given a TOR so far. As regards new coal washeries, the Committee after deliberations had decided that a TOR could be granted and based on the recommendations of the EAC, a TOR had been granted to the present project. As regards, the violation on setting up of a CHP in the present project without prior EC, Director MOEF stated that this is being brought to the notice of the EAC/MOEF for the first time and a report should be sought on the matter from the Maharashtra State Pollution Control Board.

 

The e-mail was read out in the meeting and in response the proponent informed the Committee that the P.H. had to be cancelled twice due to local elections and again due to visit of a VIP. 

 

The Committee after discussions decided that the proposal can be considered only after a detailed report is received from the Maharashtra State Pollution Control Board on the issues brought out in the –mail.

 

 

18.          Begunia Underground Coalmine Project (0.33 MTPA in an ML area of 236 ha) of M/s SAIL, Dist. Barddhman, West Bengal (TOR)

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new underground coalmine in Raniganj Coalfields, W.B. The entire ML area of 236 ha is owned by IISCO. Of the total ML area, 6.31 ha is barren land, 35.43 ha is residential area, 10.55 ha is surface water bodies, 24.65 ha is company land and 159.05 has is private land. Of the total ML area, an area of 15 ha is for surface rights consisting of 12.5 ha for Inclines, 2 ha for stowing, 0.5 ha is for road and infrastructure. Mining would be mechanised Board & Pillar with hydraulic sand stowing. Depth of mining is 330m -550m bgl. Water requirement for the mine is 10,083m3/d. Coal is steel grade-I to Washery Gr-II (medium coking coal with low ash content). Sulphur content in the range of 0.4-0.9.  Highly gassy mine. River Baraker flows in the western part of the block and forms the main drainage of the area flows from north to south. Transportation would be by trucks. Life of the mine is 14 years.

 

The Committee desired that avenue plantation should be developed along the main transportation roads and that trucks of a minimum 25-T capacity should be used to minimise number of trips per day for coal transport. The Committee also desired that sand stowing should ensure that there is no caving. Keeping in mined the degree of gassiness of the mine and the associated precautions required in operation and maintenance of electrical equipments, etc, the Committee further desired that a Risk Assessment Study and a Disaster Management Plan with measures to avoid fire and explosion should be incorporated in the EMP. The Committee stated that excess mine water discharged from the mine should be given to the local population for irrigation.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)            An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of  0.33 MTPA over an area of  236 ha  addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)           The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 0.33 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)         A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)          Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)           Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)          Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)        Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)       Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)          Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)           Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xi)          Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)        Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)       Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues. The Committee also desired that sand stowing should ensure that there is no caving. Keeping in mined the degree of gassiness of the mine and the associated precautions required in operation and maintenance of electrical equipments, etc, the Committee further desired that a Risk Assessment Study and a Disaster Management Plan with measures to avoid fire and explosion should be incorporated in the EMP.

(xiv)       The Committee stated that excess mine water discharged from the mine should be given to the local population for irrigation. Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)         Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)       The Committee desired that avenue plantation should be developed along the main transportation roads and that trucks of a minimum 25-T capacity should be used to minimise number of trips per day for coal transport. Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)      Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)     Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)       Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)         Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)       Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)      Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)     R&R, if any: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxv)      Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvi)     Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxvii)    Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxviii) Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy

                metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxix)     Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)            All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)           Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)         Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)          After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)           The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)        The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)       Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(ix)          The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)            Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)           Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the

                captive/linked project.

(iii)         Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other

                regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

19.          Warora (West) (North) Coalmine Project (0.21 MTPA) of M/s Bhatia International Ltd., located in district Chandrapur, Maharashtra – (TOR granted on 31.12.008)

 

Director, MOEF informed that a letter dated 24.02.2011. has been received from M/s Bhatia International Ltd. which stated that in the details of ML area furnished in their TOR application, area of 18 ha for railway land was inadvertently added twice and an area of 22.07 ha for Defence land has also been included again in the Govt. land. By deleting these, the ML area is revised from the original 150 ha to 129ha.

 

The Committee after discussions decided that the proponent may resubmit a fresh application incorporating these changes and the TOR be accordingly modified. The Committee also noted that with the revision of the lease area, it becomes a Cat. ‘B’ project to be considered by the Maharashtra SEAC/SEIAA.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

*              *              *

 


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 21st EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 28th -29th MARCH 2011 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

 

 

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1.             Shri V.P. Raja                                      …            …            …            …                                            Chairman

 

2.             Prof. C.R.Babu                                    …            …            ……       …                                            Member

 

3.             Shri T.K. Dhar                                    …            …            …            …                                            Member

 

4.             Shri J.L. Mehta                    …            …            …            …                                            Member

 

5.             Dr.C.B.S.Dutt                                      …            …            …            ..                                              Member

 

6.             Prof. G.S. Roonwal                                            …            …            …            …                            Member

 

7.             Dr.S.D.Attri (2nd Day)                       …            …            …            …            …                            Member

 

8.             Dr. T. Chandini                                  …            …            …                                            Scientist F MOEF

 

9.             Dr. Rubab Jaffer …                            …            …            …            …                            Scientist B, MOEF

 

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In addition, Dr.R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 21st MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 28th -29th March 2011 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

1.             M/s National Thermal Power Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Shri P.R.Rao, NTPC

                2.             Shri Sanjiv Kr. Singh, NTPC

                3.             Shri A.K.Dash, NTPC

                4.             Shri M.H.Rao, NTPC

                                5.             Shri P.Gaur, Consultant

                6.             Shri Y.P.Bajaj, Consultant

 

2.             M/s Fatehpur East Coal Private Ltd.

                1.     Shri MMS Khadeni, VP, FECPL

                2.     Shri R.K.Agarwal, VP, FECPL

                3.     Shri R Srinivasan, APL

                4.     Shri Deepak Kumar

                5.     Shri Salil Das, SENES

                6.     Shri N.Amarnat

                7.     Shri J Mohan, RKMPPL

                8.     Shri Sananjit Sircar, JLD

                9.     Shri S.M. Devaraj, Visa Power

                10.   Shri R.V.Mathe

                11.   Shri S.K. Moitra        

 

3.             M/s Indo-Unique Flame Ltd.

                1.             Shri Ajay R Rathi, Indo-Unique

                2.             Shri Prasthu, Indo-Unique

                3.             Shri K.Girisan, Consultant

                4.             Shri Raghuvaleruyulu, Consultant

 

4.             M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd.

                1.             Shri N.C. Husligrju, Director/CEO, Gaurangdih Coal Ltd.

                2.             Shri S.Ghosh, SVP, JSW

                3.             Shri B.K.Paul, HEPL

                4.             Shri Binash Mukherjee, Dir, HEPL

                5.             Shri S.C. Chatterjee, EMTA Group

                6.             Shri A.K. Tolley, Emta Coal

                7.             Shri A.R.Sharma, Emta

                8.             Dr.B.K.tewary, Scientist, CIMFR

                9.             Dr.M.Ahmad, Scientist, CIMFR

                10.          Dr.Abhay Kr. Singh, Scientist, CIMFR

                11.          Shri Nirmal Kumar

               

5.             M/s Wardha Valley Coalfield Pvt. Ltd.

                1.             Shri N.K. Balasubramanian, Director, ISI Steel & Power Ltd.

                2.             Shri Gaurav Guptaa, Ex. Dir. & Dir. In Wardha Vaaley Coalfield Pvt. Ltd.

                3.             Shri R.M. Purekar, Advisor, Ambuja

                4.             Shri K.Sharn, Diretcor, Wardha Vaalley Coalfields Pvt. Ltd.

                5.             Shri Alok Gupta, Director, Wardha Vaalley

6.             Shri Sandeep Srivastava, Ambuja Cements

7.             Shri Jitendra Yadav, JM Environet (P) Ltd.

                8.             Shri Kushbu Sharma, JM Environet

                9.             Shri Dinesh Singh, JM Environet

                10.          Shri Rahul Gohar, Wardha Vaalley

                11.          Shri S.K.Bansal, Ambuja Cements

                12.          Shri R.Bapary

13.          Shri R.C.Sah, JM Environet

14.          Shri R.P.Agal

 

6.             M/s Chaman Metallics Ltd.

                1.             Shri Shri P.K. Dey

                2.             Shri B.S.Sinha

                3.             Shri A.Jha

                4.             Shri S.Agarwal

                5.             Shri A.K.Gire

 

7.             M/s Central Coalfields Ltd

                1.             Shri Sumit Ghosh, CGM (E&F)

                2.             Shri B.K.Sharma, Chief Manager (E&F)

                3.             Shri Prabhau Prasad CMPDI

                4.             Shri V.K.Rai, CMPDI

 

8.             M/s Abhijeet Infrastructure Ltd. 

                1.             Shri A.K.Srivastava, Group Director

                2.             Shri Mukesh Sharma, Manager

                3.             Shri S.B.Singh, Crystal Consultants

                4.             Shri S. Mohan, Crystal Consultants

 

9.             M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.

                1.             Shri B.C.Tripathi, GM

                2.             Shri R.Leavel

                3.             Shri A. Singh

                4.             Shri S.K.Srivastava

                5.             Shri S.Jha

                6.             Shri A.K.Samantaray

                7.             Shri K.S.Ganapathy

                8.             Shri C.Jaydev

 

10.          M/s MJSJ Ltd.

1.             Shri A.K.Thakur, GM, Gopal Prasad

                2.             Shri R.B.Mathur, Director, MJSJ

                3.             Shri A.N.Nayak, Sr.Mgr. (Min.), Gopal Prasad

 

11.          M/s DCM Shriram Consolidated Ltd.,

                1.             Shri V.S.Khatri, Manager (Geology)

                2.             Shri JL Mathur

                3.             Dr. NJ Singh, DSCL

                4.             Shri Premdas, VP

                5.             Shri K.S.Radhakrishna, Addl. GM (Mines)

                6.             Shri Sunil Dixit, JM Environet Ltd.

                7.             Shri Yadav, JME

                8.             Mr. Marisha, JME

12.          M/s M.P. State Mining Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Shri MN Jha, MPJ Coal

                2.             Dr. ML Naik, MPJ Coal

                3.             Shri S.N.Chawla, MPJ Coal

                4.             Shri Adrish Mandrai, MPJ Coal

                5.             Shri A.Paul, MPJ Coal

                6.             Shri S.Kumar, Crystal Consultants

                7.             Shri S B Singh, Crystal Consultants

                8.             Dr.Meeta Khilnani, HCPL Jodhpur

                9.             Shri M.S.Sandhu, Jaiprakash Associates

                10.          Shri S.K.Roy, Jaiprakash Associates

                11.          Shri V S Bajaj, Jaiprakash Associates

                12.          Shri H.N.Jha, Jaiprakash Associates

                13.          Shri S.K.Dube, GM, MPSMCL

 

13.          M/s Gupta Coalfields & Washeries Ltd.

                1.             Shri Deo Sharma, GCWL

                2.             Shri Rajesh Shivlal Srivastava, PECS

                3.             Shri Shantanu Puranik

 

14.          M/s SAIL

                1.             Shri P C Tibrewal, ED (C ), SAIL

2.             Shri KL Srinivasa Rao, GM (collieries), SAIL

3.             Shri Arvind Kumar, SAIL

4.             Dr.B.K.Tewary, Dy.Dir., CIMFR

 

15.          M/s Bhatia International Ltd.

                1.             Shri P.K. Mittal, BIL, VP (Mining)

2.             Shri Abhay Garg, Consultant

3.             Dr.A.K.Paliwal, Consultant

 

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Annexure-3

REPORT ON

Visit of EAC Sub Committee on 13.01.11 to Kathara OCP (nominal 0.96 MTPA and peak (1.90 MTPA) in an ML area of 792.81 ha) of M/s CCL, located in Kathara, Dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand.

 

The Expert Appraisal Committee (Thermal & Coal Mining) had considered the Kathara OCP of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd. in the EAC meeting held in July/August 2010 and had desired that a site visit be undertaken, in view of the fact that it is an old mine of pre-nationalisation period with a balance life of 7 years with a number of external OB dumps within the ML, the management of which did not appear to be environmentally suitable. The Committee desired that a sub-committee consisting of Shri J.L. Mehta and Shri T.K. Dhar accompanied by Dr. T.Chandini, Director, MOEF undertake a site visit on the aspects of waste management and mine reclamation. The Committee further decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the Report of the Sub-Committee.

 

The EAC members of MOEF visited Kathara OCP of CCL on 13.01.11. The team consisted of Shri TK Dhar, EAC Member, Shri JL Mehta, EAC Member and Dr T Chandini, Director, MOEF and was accompanied by the Officers of M/s CCL and other officers of Kathara OCP. The main issues regarding the visit and status of OB dumps and reclamation were discussed.

 

Observations of the visit of the Sub Committee of EAC, MOEF at Kathara

 

The two old dumps No 1 & No 2, adjoining River Damodar were inspected. The following observations were made. The Committee observed that dump no 2 near the side of the river appeared to be a very old dump with OB material which is hard and some burnt clay type of material in some of the portions (about 50 m length). These appeared to be hardened and difficult to be rehandled. The top of the dumps were planted with a mix of trees but the slopes needed some suitable strengthening and vegetation. The following were suggested by the Sub Committee: 

 

a.     Stone revetment up to HFL level in the portions where loose material was visible (about 50 m to 100 m length)

b.     Possibility of strengthening of slopes by stones in wire mesh in certain portions on the slope of the dumps (about 30-40m length)

c.     Bigger size stone support of slopes in some portions of the dump required in the overhanging portion

d.     CCL was advised for consultation with expert agencies – like CMFRI/Other Universities for grassing / vegetation in patches specially on denuded areas of the slopes

e.     Toe wall with provision of weep holes to be provided along the loose parts of the dump along the river side

f.      Slope stability study to be got done through CMPDI for safety aspects.

g.     The Plantation in the slopes of Dump No 1 proposed with mixed and local species. (In consultation with Prof Babu of MOEF)

h.     A visit to Nevyleli Lignite by CCL Team for taking stock of reclamation measures taken there.

 

The sub-committee acknowledged the assistance rendered by the CCL during their visit to Kathara OCP.

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