MINUTES OF 67th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 22nd –23rd MARCH 2010

 

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

The 67th meeting of the EAC (T &C) was held on 22nd –23rd March 2010 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

 

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 65th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 24th -25th February 2010 was confirmed subject to the following corrections:

 

Item 15: page 11, last para 5th sentence, replace the word ‘ML’ by ‘forestland’

 

 

Consideration of coal mining projects was taken up as per agenda.

 

1.     Piparwar Mangardaha UGP (1.38 MTPA normative and 1.587 MTPA (peak) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Chatra, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for production of coal at 1.38 MTPA with a peak production of 1.587 MTPA by mining the lower seams by underground mining in an ML area of 662.90 ha by use of Continuous Miner. Major mining area is below Piparwar OCP which is mining the upper seams by Opencast method.  The underground mine is proposed to begin in 3 years when the existing decoaled void would be completely backfilled (except for an area of 3 ha of water body) and biologically reclaimed. The 3 Inclines would be made in the floor of the OCP. Max depth would be 90m bgl. It was informed that a 60m distance would be maintained form the water body and no depillaring would be done below it. DGMS permission would be obtained. In addition, a minimum safety distance of 60m would be maintained from River Damodar, which is flowing along the mine. A total of 485.50 ha would be under Mining Rights. An area of 38 ha is for surface rights. Of the total 662.90 ha, an area of 43.08 ha is forestland. No R&R is involved. Subsidence Study on the impact on overlying forests is being carried out. Beti Nala flowing through the ML would be diverted. An embankment has been constructed.

 

The Committee observed that landuse details are not clear and that should be separately furnished for agriculture land, forest land, Jungle Jhari land, etc, for record. The committee desired that a distance of 300m between quarry operation and UG mining should be maintained. The Committee desired that Rs 5 per tonne of coal be used for CSR activities. Details of landuse of 38 ha being acquired for surface rights should be furnished and desired that no forestland be used.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                 An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of 1.38 MTPA normative and 1.587 MTPA (peak) MTPA over an area of 662.90 ha  addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)               The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 1.38 MTPA normative and 1.587 MTPA (peak) of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)              A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)             Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)              Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)             Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights. The Committee observed that landuse details are not clear and that should be separately furnished for agriculture land, forest land, Jungle Jhari land, etc, for record. The committee desired that a distance of 300m between quarry operation and UG mining should be maintained. Details of landuse of 38 ha being acquired for surface rights should be furnished and desired that no forestland be used.

(vii)           Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)          Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)             Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)               Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (SPM, RSPM, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(xi)             Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)            Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the area is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)          Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)         Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)           Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)         Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)        Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)      Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)          Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)           Conceptual mine closure plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)          Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)        Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)       Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)      R&R: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxv)       The Committee desired that Rs 5 per tonne of coal be used for CSR activities. A detailed project specific CSR Plan should be furnished.

(xxvi)      Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxxvii) Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

          and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)             After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)              The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)     The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)    The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)    Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

 

2.      Jarangdih OCP (0.885 MTPA) and UGP (0.275 MTPA) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand. (EC based on TOR granted on 30.12.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the combined production of UGP and OCP mines would be 1.16 MTPA. The balance life of Jarangdih OCP is 3-4 years. Life of Jarangdih OCP is 30 years. There is no increase in ML area of 495.51 ha. UG seam is 60m from River Damodar. Entire UGP would be with sand stowing. A number of external OB dumps have been made of max. 15m height. Maximum depth of the void is 30-40 m. It was informed that there is no R&R involved as there are no villages in the core zone. It was informed that a provision of Rs 5 per tonne of coal has been provided for in the project under CSR.

 

The Committee observed that external OB dumps have been made near River Damodar and OB from this would require rehandling and backfilling.

 

The Committee sought a detailed Final Mine Closure Plan along with the costs for the Jarangdih OCP in view that its life is less than 4 years. The Committee desired that the pit void should be reduced to a final depth of 30m. Details of Post mining landuse should also be provided along with tables prepared by MOEF. The Committee sought village-wise activities to be undertaken under CSR. The Committee desired that phosphate levels in groundwater test results be rechecked. The Committee desired that mine discharge water be treated before discharge outside the ML.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

 

3.      Thesgora Underground Coal Mine Project (1.5 MTPA in 500 ha) of M/s Thesgora Coal Pvt. Ltd., located in Tehsil Parasea, District Chindwara, M.P. (TOR)

 

Proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for production of coal of 1.5 MTPA by underground mining to fulfil the demand of coal for existing steel plant of Kamal Sponge Steel & Power Ltd. and Revathi Cement Pvt. Ltd. Underground mining would be by Bord & Pillar method by caving. Life of mine is 28 years. Of the total ML area of 500 ha, Govt. land is 226.38 ha, agriculture land is 42.42 ha, forestland is 77.11 ha and Reserve forestland is 154.090 ha. It was clarified that there are no tribals within the ML. Ultimate working depth is 250m. It was informed that no nalas would be disturbed for mining. No R&R involved except for land oustees who are to be surveyed. Life of the project is 27 years.

 

The Committee desired that coal transportation should be by 30-T trucks. The Committee desired that one season data (3 months) of AAQ &water, noise is required as per new norms. Committee desired that Rs 5/tonne of coal produced and a capital budget of Rs 2.75 crores should be provided for CSR activities the details of which (village-wise) should be furnished. The Committee however decided that TOR could be granted only upon receiving confirmation on whether the aforesaid mine falls in the Pench-Satpura Tiger Corridor.

 

Subject to receiving confirmation on whether the aforesaid mine does not fall in the Pench-Satpura Tiger Corridor, and based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of 1.5 MTPA over an area of 500 ha addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for 1.5 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)     Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)      Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)     Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)     Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (SPM, RSPM, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(xi)     Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)     Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the area is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)    Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)    Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)    Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used. The Committee desired that coal transportation should be by 30-T trucks.

(xvii)   Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviiii)  Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)    Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)    Conceptual mine closure plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)    Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)   Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)   Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, raw materials/mineral, and energy, etc.

(xxiv)  R&R: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

The Committee desired that Rs 5/tonne of coal produced and a capital budget of Rs 2.75 crores should be provided for CSR activities the details of which (village-wise) should be furnished.

(xxv)   Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvi)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxvii)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(vi)             After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)           The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)     The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)    The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)    Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also

 

 

 

4.      Sharda UGP (0.135 MTPA in 307.05 ha ML area) of M/s WCL located in Chindwara Dist., M.P. (EC based on TOR)

 

The Committee in its meeting held in January 2010 had suggested that the impact of underground mining on the aquifers and ground water flow systems needs to be studied expeditiously, especially in the context of underground mining and likely subsidence in the study area. The Committee had recommended that a provision of Rs 5/tonne of coal be made for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR. The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of these details.

 

The response received from PP was further considered. The PP committed to for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR. It was informed that M/s Coal India has already adopted for provision of this amount for CSR as Policy for all its mines. In regard to measures on impact on hydrogeology, it was observed that the issues raised by EAC have by and large been addressed by the proponent. However, as Lower Gondwana aquifers normally exhibits wide variation in aquifer characteristics( both laterally and vertically), there is further scope of improvement /refinement of hydrogeology reports as submitted by the proponent so as to address the ground water issues expeditiously on long term perspectives. The suggested refinements include generation of site specific aquifer characteristics though detailed study, well inventories, pumping test at sites, subsidence prediction( in quantitative terms ) and its correlation with hydro-geological attributes, the details of mine discharge and its reuse/ disposal etc. There is also need for a comprehensive ‘Ground Water Monitoring Plan’ to be implemented by the proponent. The plan may incorporate details of piezometer/well (depth, locations), monitoring parameters (quality and quality), site characteristics, time frame of implementation and budgetary provisions etc.  It was noted that the PP has submitted Plan showing location of the proposed UG project with respect to Satpura & Pench Tiger Reserves duly certified by DFO, Chindwara. It was submitted that the proposed project is 15 km from Satpura Tiger Reserve and 61.25 Km from Pench Tiger reserve. The proponent was informed that this would be discussed in a separate meeting in MOEF.

 

The Committee recommended EC subject to the submission of the supplementary information as mentioned above to be furnished within six months of the grant of EC and also subject to clarification that the proposed project does not fall in the Pench-Satpura Tiger Corridor.

 

 

5.     Bhakra UGP (0.27 MTPA in 227.141 ha) of M/s WCL, located in Chindwara Dist., M.P. (EC based on TOR)

 

The Committee in its meeting held in Jan. 2010 suggested that the impact of underground mining on the aquifers and ground water flow systems needs to be studied expeditiously, especially in the context of underground mining and likely subsidence in the study area The Committee also desired that the AQIP Modelling be rechecked. The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of these details.

 

The response received from PP was further considered. It was noted that PP has studied the impact of UG mining on the aquifers and ground water flow system especially in the context of underground mining and the likely subsidence in the study area. Max. working depth is 343m. Since the strata would be disturbed due to subsidence/caving which is in the range of 100-300m, water would percolate because of the cracks developed in the lower strata. In regard to measures on impact on hydrogeology, it was observed that the issues raised by EAC have by and large been addressed by the proponent. However, as Lower Gondwana aquifers normally exhibits wide variation in aquifer characteristics( both laterally and vertically), there is further scope of improvement /refinement of hydrogeology reports as submitted by the proponent so as to address the ground water issues expeditiously on long term perspectives. The suggested refinements include generation of site specific aquifer characteristics though detailed study, well inventories, pumping test at sites, subsidence prediction( in quantitative terms ) and its correlation with hydro-geological attributes, the details of mine discharge and its reuse/ disposal etc. There is also need for a comprehensive ‘Ground Water Monitoring Plan’ to be implemented by the proponent. The plan may incorporate details of piezometer/wells (depth, locations), monitoring parameters (quality and quality), site characteristics, time frame of implementation and budgetary provisions etc. AQIP details were presented. The Plan showing the location of the proposed Bhakra UG mine project w.r.t. Satpura & Pench Tiger reserve duly certified by DFO, Chindwara. It was informed that the proposed Bhakra UG project is 8.7km from Satpura Tiger reserve & 75.00 km from Pench Tiger Reserve was furnished. The proponent was informed that this would be discussed in a separate meeting in MOEF.

 

The Committee recommended EC subject to the submission of the supplementary information as mentioned above to be furnished within six months of the grant of EC and also subject to clarification that the proposed project does not fall in the Pench-Satpura Tiger Corridor/within the buffer zone of Tiger Reserve.

 

 

 

6.        Chhatarpur I & II UG Expn. of M/s WCL, located in Betul District, M.P. (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The Committee in its meeting held in Jan. 2010, had desired that the road for mineral transportation should be developed with 3-tier plantation. The Committee had during the framing of TOR desired that monitoring of groundwater should be continued as F content was found to be high. The Committee recommended that the water quality of mine water be monitored by the proponent for 3 years during post project monitoring , and, there after if the water quality in the vicinity is found to be acidic/contaminated, the costs of remedial measures to be borne by the proponent. The Committee had desired that the State Water Resource/ Ground Water agencies undertake monitoring of ground water quality in such areas on long term basis. The Committee had also desired that the discharge of mine water to surface water bodies/land should be after treatment as per General Standards notified under EPA.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that a 3-tier Plantation would be developed along the road for mineral transportation. The plantation would be developed along the roadside by MP Van Vikas Nigam.

 

The Committee desired that native species which can trap the dust should be selected for plantation along roadside. The Committee desired that effective monitoring needs to be carried out of plantation e.g. survival rate, height, growth etc. The Committee further desired that the plantation be started soon after onset of monsoon season. The Committee desired that monitoring of ground water should be as per September 2009 notification and groundwater quality of the villages around the mine area should be monitored for quality and level. Parameters such as F, TDS should be also monitored and if levels are found to be high should be treated before discharging in to surface water/land. The Committee desired that Project specific activities should be prepared under CSR.

 

The Committee after discussions as above recommended the project for EC.

 

 

7.        Kolar Pimpri OCP Expn (1.05 MTPA to 1.50 MTPA in ML area of 1488.42 ha) of M/s WCL, dist. Yavatmal Maharashtra (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held in Jan. 2010, wherein the committee had observed that the hydrogeological studies carried out by the proponent need to be relooked into, in the context of mining impact on temporal and long term variability of ground water regime. It was further suggested that representative observational wells/piezometers should be considered for such studies.  The Committee noted that SPM levels to be high and desired that the data be rechecked and reasons be identified. The Committee desired that a season baseline data on air quality and AQIP Modelling for the project and its study area should be carried out. The Committee had also desired that the met. data should be for the same season as the season for AAQ data collection.  The Committee desired that a provision of Rs 5/tonne of coal be made for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR. The Committee desired that the PP could consider creating a Corpus Fund for R&R and interest on the same be used for maintenance of R&R colony.

 

The details of impact on groundwater were presented. The Committee was informed that two bore holes would be drilled for construction of peizometer to observe the water table. The comments of expert, hydrogeology had been separately obtained. It was noted that the ground water regime in the core zone is being monitored by the proponent through few open wells and piezometers. The present working depth is about 90m and two piezometers of depths 90m &100m are presently being utilized for ground water monitoring since 1994. The hydrograph data of one of the piezometers located about 700m shows marginal rise. As mentioned in the report, the core zone is a ‘recharge area’ and ground water flow is towards river Wardha in the east. Hydrologically, the river Wardha is effluent in nature (i.e) fed by ground water). Thus, the mine site being in proximity of the river at a distance of 200-400m, it would be essential to monitor the ground water regime & river flow conjunctively on regular and long term basis through a close network of observation wells/piezometers & river gauging. Similarly, the hydrogeological impact on account of proposed expansion should also to be monitored regularly on long term perspectives. The EC could be recommended for EC subject to the submission of a comprehensive ‘ Ground Water Monitoring Plan’ by the proponent within a period of three months of grant of EC. The plan may incorporate information on details of piezometer/well (depth, locations) site characteristics, monitoring parameters (quality and quality), time frame of implementation and budgetary provisions etc. On the issue of AQIP Modelling which showed the isopleths with higher concentrations not exactly the wind rose, it was clarified that the ISCT-3 Model has been used which takes into consideration both point and linear sources. The linear sources are transportation sources which are predominant in nature and will be continuing throughout the life of the mine. The resultant isopleths as shown in the presentation take into account the cumulative effect of both point as well as linear sources. As linear sources are predominant, the isopleths have mainly followed the linear sources. The PP committed to for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR. It was informed that M/s Coal India has already adopted for provision of this amount for CSR as Policy for all its mines.

 

The Committee after discussions as above recommended the project for EC.

 

 

8.        Nimbri-Chandwatan Lignite Mine Project (5 MTPA) of M/s Binani Cement Ltd.  proposed at in village Nimbri, Tehsil Jayal-Degana, District Ngaur, Rajasthan (EC based on TOR granted on 22.08.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that of the three TPPs of 20 MW, 25 MW and 25 MW each, the lignite requirements for the 2nd unit (25 MW) located along with its linked cement unit at Sirohi would be exclusively met from this mine as a substitute for imported coal.  Therefore, the proposed life of the mine has now been increased from 12 years to 30 years and the employment provided would also be for 30 years. The extent of extractable reserves found in the 350 ha of the ML has been/would be further identified, which would further enhance the life of the mine. It was further informed that mining would be restricted to 90m bgl whereas the confined deeper aquifers are found below a depth of 97m bgl. Hence mining would not encounter the confined aquifers. It was informed that 90m depth would be reached in 6 years. In case it is intersected an estimated 2500 m3/h (60,000 m3/d) of groundwater would be released and a plan for depressurisation of the punctured aquifer has been formulated. It is estimated that depressurisation would be completed in 29 days. It was informed that TDS of levels of 4000 mg/l would be treated in an RO Plant and TDS levels would be reduced to 500 mg/l in the output water. It was informed that 14 boreholes (peizometers) at 90-120m depth would be installed for continuous monitoring of the confined aquifers. It was informed that a “Depressurization Plan” has been prepared if the confined aquifers accidentally touched. It was informed that it is proposed to use saline water in CPP and also supply to Nagaur villages after treatment by RO under JNNURM programme. It was informed that water with high TDS levels (1500 mg/l) would be used for green belt development. brine sludge would be sold to M/s Hindustan Silo Ltd. A total of 179 persons are required for project and 300-350 persons would be rehabilitated.

 

The Committee noted that lignite from Nimbri Chandawat mine has been earmarked by the company for the 25 MW TPP located along with a Cement Plant at Sirohi for which an EC was granted vide MOEF letter dated J-11011/60/2006 dated 18.05.2006. The Committee noted that the proposed establishment of pit head TPP (for which a TOR has been granted on 10.09.2008) near this mine is not clear, since the entire lignite reserves of this mine have been committed for the TPP located in the premises of the Cement Plant at Sirohi and hence, the pit head TPP Project should be formulated only if committed supply of lignite reserves are identified for the proposed pithead TPP. The Committee observed that the Mining Plan prepared for this mine and approved by Ministry of Coal would require modification in view of the change in the Plan of Mining (reserves as well as life) and should be obtained before grant of EC. Details of mine development (for every 5 years) until end of mine life and post mining landuse should be presented. The Committee desired that detailed geological cross sections (in addition to lithologs) should be presented. The Committee desired that a detailed Risk Assessment Study and a Disaster Management Plan should be formulated in case mining ruptures the confined aquifer, keeping in view the volume of water and quality. It further recommended that mining should be stopped immediately until the Plan is implemented. The Committee desired that use of saline water for dust suppression and green belt development should be avoided as it may contaminate the soil/ecology of area, which would become degraded into a ‘salt pan’. The Committee desired that the mine water with high levels of TDS be treated in a RO Plant or using US based technology and a safe method of disposal of the brine sludge in concrete lined pits or sold to consumers for which a long term MOU should be entered into. The Committee desired that a provision of Rs 5 crores or 0.4% of the total capital costs (whichever is higher) should be earmarked for CSR and a Corpus Fund created for the maintenance activities.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon furnishing a detailed Risk Assessment-cum-Disaster Management Plan for the actual quantum of water coming out/discharge. In addition, multiple strategies should be worked out for the treatment and disposal of brine water and sludge and presented before the Committee.

 

 

9.        Mata-na-Madh Lignite Mine Expansion Project (from 0.6 MTPA to 2.4 MTPA in an ML area of 1752.6156 ha) of M/s GMDC located in Taluk Lakhpat, dist. Kutch, Gujarat (EC based on TOR granted on 12.06.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that EC for 0.6 MTPA was obtained on 19.11.1999. The present proposal is for obtaining ex-post facto EC as the production has already reached 2.4 MTPA in view that Panandhro mine is closed. No R&R or forestland is involved. However land oustees are 113 and have been compensated. It was informed that the nalas flowing within the ML of 100 ha would not be disturbed. Protective bunds around the nalas have been established. It was further informed that of the total ML area of 1752.6156 ha, 1346 ha is unexplored. Mining Plan has been approved. Mining depth would reach 70m and would not intersect confined aquifer. The area is ‘safe’ from angle of groundwater exploitation. TDS levels of mine pit water are in the range of 4000-5000 mg/l. The Committee was informed that effluents waste water is being treated in an ETP. It is proposed to have a Wastewater Evaporation Solar System. The mine water is acidic as pH levels are 4.2. Acidic mine water will also be treated with lime and only after neutralisation let out outside the mine premises. Backfilling is upto ground level except for an area to be left as water body. Present working depth is 70m. Ultimate working depth is 70m. Balance life of the mine is 10 years. The mine is falling within an ecologically sensitive area as it is at a distance of 3.78 km from Narayan Sarovar Wildlife Sanctuary.

 

The Committee desired that area under exploration 1346.8056 ha (present) and 1210.8956ha, 587.02256 ha (until end of mine) should be replaced as “undisturbed area” or ‘unutilized area’ and reflected appropriately in the details of landuse in the ML area. The Committee desired that at the post mining stage, an area of 51.68 ha of decoaled void being left as a water body should not exceed 10m depth. The backfilled area of 82 ha should be brought to ground level with top soil of 1.5-2.0 mt thickness & bring back as Agriculture- land. The Committee noted that an area of 170 ha as against the stipulation of development of 300m as green belt in earlier EC. The Committee desired that details of compliance of earlier two Public Hearings and EC conditions be furnished in a tabular form as given below:

 

Conditions of earlier EC (original project)

Conditions of Expansion project

Compliance status

Mitigative measures proposed/implemented

 

 

 

 


The Committee stated that a cushion of at least 20m should be maintained between the ultimate working depth and the depth at which the confined aquifer is found to ensure there is no intersection. The Committee sought details of the Effluent Wastewater Evaporation Solar System. The Committee also desired that the details of treatment of saline mine water and disposal of the brine sludge should be provided in the EMP.  The Committee desired that a revenue expenditure of Rs 5/T of coal for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR (Village-wise detailed Plan is required). The Committee suggested creation of a separate head (budget) of Rs 5 Crores as a one time expenditure should be created under CSR, the interest from which could be utilised for development of surrounding villages. The Committee observed that the pump test results show low values for transmissibility value of 25m2/day. The Committee desired that the ground water, mine pit water monitoring need to be continuously carried out.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon furnishing of the aforesaid details.

 

 

10.      Jalipa Lignite Mine Project (6 MTPA in 3982.3125 ha) of M/s Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Ltd. located in district Barmer, Rajasthan (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 25.10.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that S content in lignite is below 0.3% which is low. The proponent proposed that the reject water will be concentrated in small shallow pond of a depth of 10-20m lined with Fullers earth. The R&R Policy of the Govt. of Rajasthan would be used.

 

The Committee desired that details of and use and extent of cultivation should be provided. The Committee also desired that in case acidic mine water is formed, it requires to be treated before discharge/use. The Committee stated that mine reject water should not be used for plantation or as cattle feed. The Committee desired that a revenue expenditure of Rs. 5/tonne of coal should be provided for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR. A separate head (budget) of Rs 5 Crores should be created for CSR and the interest of same will be utilized for development of surrounding villages. In addition, the proponent may consider strengthening of ITI in the area. Details of project specific “Action Plan” and various activities undertaken under CSR and R&R should be uploaded on company’s website.

 

The comments received from expert, hydrogeology were considered. Jalipa Lignite Mining Project is the southern continuity of the Kapurdi Lignite Mining project, for which Environment Clearance has already been accorded on 10.12.2008. The Mine lease area falls in Baetu Tehsil, district Barmer. As per report of CGWB,out of 3228 Sq.km area of the Teshil/Block, about 15% area is underlain by potential aquifers, and remaining 85% area are saline ground water, the latter inclusive of the study area. Hydrogeological studies carried out by the proponent also confirm the saline nature of underlying aquifers with TDS exceeding 10000 mg/l. As mentioned in the study report, the ground water inflow in the pit during mining operations would be about 3734 cubic metre/day day during mining operations. To assess the long term impact of mine discharge on ground water, it would be essential to monitor the mine discharge vis-à-vis the quality of ground water on regular basis till the end of the mining operations. The area being water scared, mine discharge needs to be gainfully utilized for drinking, agricultural, ground water recharge etc., after proper treatment. It would however be more appropriate, if external dewatering methods are employed by the proponent to control the inflow of seepage into the mine void. This will not only restrict the evaporation losses and ensure sustainability of water supplies, but also prevent incidence of water quality degradation/ acidification of mine sump water (a major concern in lignite mining worldwide) owing to high sulphur content in lignite deposits. Hence, the PP may plan and implement a long term ground water monitoring programme in the study areas by establishing a network of existing wells/piezometers at appropriate locations. Such monitoring may commence before the start of mining and may consider both the qualitative and for quantitative aspects of ground water regime. In furtherance, in view of anticipated adverse impact on ground water quality, especially during post mining period, the proponent may continue monitoring of ground water quality in and around the area at least for a period of three years during post project monitoring. Thereafter, if the ground water quality at mine site and in the vicinity areas (within 5 km radius from mine site) are found to be acidic/contaminated, remedial measures should be implemented the cost of which should be borne by the proponent. The State Ground Water Board/ Water Resource Department may also independently monitor and study the ground water quality in the area for periodic evaluation of its status and follow-up actions.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for EC subject to the aforesaid conditions and safeguards.

 

 

 

11.    Internal consideration of Revision in ML area of Kapurdih Lignite Mine of M/s RSMML, located in district Barmer, Rajasthan

 

Director, MOEF informed that a letter dated 17.02.2010 has been received from M/s RSMML in respect of Kapurdih Lignite Mine Project which was granted EC on 10.12.2008. As per the application made, the total ML area is 3295.06 ha for which an EC has been granted. However, the Govt. of Rajasthan denotified an area of 71.5515 ha of the ML to reduce the total ML area to 3223.511 ha to facilitate operations of M/s Crain Energy India Ltd. for the oil block allotted to them. The letter further stated that the denotified area is non-lignite bearing. The company got a Revision of its Mining Plan since this involved accommodation of the 73.83 Mm3 of OB over the southern external dump which would consequently increase from a height of 45m to 60m. The approval of the Modification of Mining Plan ahs been obtained form MOC vide letter dated 11.02.2010.

 

The Committee after discussions agreed to the revision in the total ML area and for increasing the external OB dump height to 60m, subject to dump stabilisation measures and biological reclamation using native species. The company should furnish the revised break-up for its mining operations for the revised ML area. The EC could be modified accordingly.

 

 

12.    Ramagundam OCP-II Expn. (from 2 MTPA to 4 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 5 MTPA) of M/s SCCL, dist. Karimnagar, A.P. (EC based on TOR granted on 19.10.2007) (Internal consideration of Site visit)

 

A Site visit was undertaken on 13.03.2010 by Dr. T.Chandini, Director, MOEF vide decisions taken in EAC meeting held on 22nd –23rd September 2009, in regard to issue of slope stability of their external overburden dumps which are proposed to be increased further to a height of 120m over an area of 1162.61 ha and increasing the ultimate working depth (internal dump) from the present 220m to 400m bgl. The proponent had stated that of the 830.68 Mm3 of OB including 11.69 Mm3 of topsoil generated over life of mine, 228.34 Mm3 would be backfilled and about 602.34 Mm3 would be stored in ext. OB dumps, of which 304 Mm3 of OB would be rehandled and backfilled into the decoaled void at the end of mine life. An additional 364.29 Mm3 of OB would be also rehandled from Quarry C from GDK-10 and backfilled into the void and the final void at the post mining stage would be reduced to 35 m depth over an area of 470 ha. The existing operating parameters of depth of mining, shovel-dumper is used to transport coal and OB from the active mine face to in-pit mobile crushers and transportation of OB and coal from the crushers is by a series of belt conveyors. Dumping of OB and stabilisation of external OB dumps using heavy duty dozer and compacter and spreader obtained from Germany was also shown during the site visit. The overall dump height of external and internal dump is 520m. A 30m berm width is being/to be maintained for every bench of 30m height in the external OB dump of a max. height of 90m which is to further increase 120m bgl. It was informed that the overall angle of slope of the external and internal dump of 520m depth would be kept within 28o, although the individual benches would have a slope angle of 37o. The entire mining process and operations is being done for the first time in the country with tie-up with CSIRO, Australia.

 

Shri B.P. Singh, Director (S&T), DGMS who could not undertake the site visit, discussed the issue with the Officers of SCCL and the Scientist from CIMFR, Dhanbad on 18th March 2010 at Dhanbad. The technical reports, Plans & Sections and all the relevant aspects were discussed and concluded that prior permission of DGMS would be obtained for extension under CMR 1957 and the environmental clearance could be considered with the condition that the necessary permission shall be obtained from DGMS based on the detailed investigation report of the Pit Slope and Dump Slope Stability and monitoring. A brief note on this subject is at Annexure-3.

 

The Committee after considering the Report recommend the project for EC subject to the following conditions:

(i)       Necessary permission shall be obtained from DGMS based on the detailed investigation report of the Pit Slope and Dump Slope Stability and monitoring.

(ii)      A 30m safe berm width shall be maintained for every bench of 30m height in the external OB dump of a max. height of 90m to 120m bgl and each bench shall be properly compacted and stabilised and also biologically reclaimed.

(iii)     Overall angle of slope of the external and internal dump of 520m depth shall be kept within 28o.

(iv)     An additional 364.29 Mm3 of OB shall be also rehandled from Quarry C from GDK-10 and backfilled into the void and the final void at the post mining stage would be reduced to 35 m depth over an area of 470 ha.

 

 

13.      Pit Head Captive Coal Washery (3 MTPA) of M/s Jayeswals Neco Industries Ltd., located in Gare Pelma IV/8 Coal Mine mine, Tehsil Ghargoda, District Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for establishing a coal washery in the premises of Gare Palma IV/8 coalmine project for which an EC had been obtained in December 2008. The washery would obtain raw coal from its two captive coalmines in the area – Gare IV/4 of 0.4 MTPA production capacity and IV/8 of 1.2 MTPA production capacity. Clean coal is 1.26 MTPA is to meet the requirements of their linked Steel Plant and 1.74 MTPA of middling is for their linked TPP. The washery would comprise of two units- wet washery to wash F grade coal from IV/8 and 1.2 MTPA of ‘D-E-F-G’ grade by dry washery unit. Transportation from the washery to the Steel Plant at Raipur and to the TPP (at a distance of 13-14km) would be by road using 35-T trucks.  The total capital cost of the unit is Rs 63 crores. The proponent sought an exemption from conduct of P.H. under clause 7.2 of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The Committee stated that proposal does not qualify under clause 7.2 which is for an expansion of an existing unit, and is for establishing a coal washery which has been included in the Schedule of the EIA Notification as a separate category. The Committee desired that since the combined requirement of the steel plant-cum TPP is 1.6 MTPA, it would be desirable to consider establishing the wet washery unit of 1.8 MTPA capacity first. The second dry unit (Air Jig) of 1.2 MTPA could be considered when the two coalmine projects come for an expansion. The Committee that Monitoring of AAQ should be as per the new protocol and standards. The Committee sought the status of compliance of EC and P.H. conducted for the IV/8 coalmine

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)      The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance form the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnoished.

 (iv)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (SPM, RSPM, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(iv)             Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)     Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)    Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)    Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)     Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)      Details of green belt development.

(xi)     Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xiv)    Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xv)           Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xvi)         Submission of sample test analysis of:

I    Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

                   I.            Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

                II.            Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xvii)   Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xviii)  Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xix)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

 

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)             After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)              The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)     The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

 

 

14.      Lekhapani OCP (0.25 MTPA in an ML area of 235 ha) of North Eastern Coalfields of M/s Coal India Ltd., district Tinsukia, Assam (EC based on TOR granted on 25.08.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coalmine in the North-eastern Coalfields of Assam and is very close to border with Arunachal Pradesh. There are 23 coalmines in the area over an area of 4.5 sq.km. The project is located on a hilly terrain and because of steep gradient; the maximum production envisaged from the project is 0.25 MTPA. The entire ML area of 235 ha is forestland in which ‘Jhum’ cultivation is practised. It was informed that the forestland is degraded. An application has been made to State Govt. for diversion of forestland. The area is free of elephant corridor or presence of elephants. Max. working depth is 330m which would reached by slicing the hill which would be flattened the excavated area would be simultaneously backfilled at the end of mining a area will be left which will be converted into body. Life of the mine is 25 years. It was informed that since the sulphur content in coal varied from 1.5-3.5, it may result in problems of acid mine drainage. Peak mine discharge from the mine is 26648m3/d. pH of River Tirap is 3.3. It is also a gassy mine as the area also bears oil.  Coal transportation would be initially by road but a Railway Siding is under construction at Tirap at a distance of 7-8km and after 3 years road transportation would cease. River Dehri is in the north side. The project does not involve any diversion/modification of the natural drainage. Mining is by shovel-dumper method. An external OB dump of 120 ha of a max. height of 30m is proposed. A safety distance of 60m would be maintained from the UG mining. It was further stated that in addition, no UG mining is proposed below the OC mining. The total water requirement is 60m3/d for mining and 16m3/d for drinking. There is no R&R (including land oustees) involved. The proponent requested for an EC is important as the area has coal outcrop and is susceptible to illegal mining.

 

The Committee desired that mine water should be treated for acidity before letting it out of the mine premises. Further, the PP should monitor the water before discharging the same into the River. Details of monitoring of water quality at the outlet points and of the river u/s and d/s of the mine should be regularly uploaded/displayed on company website. It further desired that the entire water requirement of the mine should be met from treated mine water or from the river, i.e. no groundwater should be used for the mine operations. The Committee desired that the Railway Siding at Tirap should be constructed within three years and thereafter there should be no coal evacuation by road. The Committee desired that at the post mining stage, the void be left as a water body to prevent oxidation of pyrite from the exposed rocks/earth and formation of leachates. The Committee desired that AAQ monitoring should be as per the new protocol and standards. The Committee desired that a revenue expenditure of Rs 5 per tonne of coal for undertaking socio-economic activities for the adjoining villages under CSR. Separate head (budget) Rs 25 Lakhs should be created as one time expenditure for CSR and the interest of same will be utilized for development of surrounding villages. The Committee desired that the PP develop in-situ Conservatory for Orchids, endangered, rare plants and genetic resources found in the Eastern Himalayas. The Committee requested the PP to contact the Regional Offices of BSI, ZSI at Shillong and avail their expertise in this regard. Budgetary provision should be amended for creation of an Orchid House, Herbal Garden and an in-situ Conservatory for the rare and endangered plant species of the north-eastern region.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

15.      Chhal OCP of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., in district Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of TOR granted on 17.12.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that elephants of Dharamajaigarh Forest Division and Raigarh Forest Division ranging from 1-31 in number have been found visiting the core zone and buffer zone in varying numbers of herds.  The study area has dense forest, however, core zone has no forest (since it is an operating mine). However, the area does not form a part of the elephant migratory corridor, which is about 12km from the border of Orissa State. This has also been confirmed as per letter of PCCF and CWLW, Govt. of Chhattisgarh. The elephants have also been sighted in most of the villages in the study area and in village Lat within the Chhal OCP which is to be shifter for the expansion project, where a herd of 13 elephants had been spotted a few years ago. It was clarified that the core zone area is not regularly visited by the elephants. It was informed that there is no defined boundary of movement of the elephants. The project is flanked by a river which is not often crossed to enter into the mine area. It was informed that except for this project which is opencast all other projects are underground. The balance life of the project is 8 years at the end of which the final void would be converted into a permanent water body of a depth of 20m.

 

The Committee desired that mined out area be reclaimed by plantation using species which would serve as fodder for the elephants. These include Bamboo (Dandrocalamus strictus), Dandrocalamus rhedhii, Ficus sp, Bucchnania lanzen, Feronia elephanta, Miliusa velutina etc. The Committee also suggested some grass species  such as Thysanolaena agrostis, Cymbopogon flexuosus, Iseilema laxum sp., Eflunda mutica, Dycanthus sp Pennisetum purpureum (Elephant grass) Erianthus  ravennae, E. elephantinus). The Committee desired that the project proponent participate in a Regional Conservation Plan which may be drawn up by the State Govt. for the conservation of elephants found in the region/visiting the region. Suitable budgetary provisions should be made for the Wildlife Conservation Plan within the core zone and Regional WL Conservation Plan prepared by the State Govt. The Committee also desired that a capital expenditure of Rs 1 crore and Rs 5 per tonne of coal for CSR activities for the villages found around the mine for the balance life of the project. These may include generation fo energy from biomass, strengthening of schools and Primary Health Centre, village roads, water and sanitation in the schools and in the villages, etc.

 

The Committee after discussions recommend the project for EC subject to the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

 

16.      Basundhara West (from 2.4 MTPA to 8 MTPA and expansion in ML area from 401.10 ha to 437.10 ha) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.  located in Ib Valley Coalfields in district Sundergarh, Orissa (EC based on TOR dated 11.07.2008)

 

The proposal is for obtaining ex-post facto EC for expansion from 2.4 MTPA to 8 MTPA. It is a violation case as the unit has already expanded to 6 MTPA without prior EC. The project involves 31 ha of additional land which is forestland. Forestry clearance has been obtained. EC for the 2.4 MTPA project was obtained in 2002. Balance life of the mine is 4 years. An embankment has been constructed along River Basundhara which is flowing on the southern side of the ML. It was clarified that the quality of mine pit water is within prescribed limits. It was informed that R&R has been completed for 258 PAfs in village Tiklipara and 58 PAFs in Kulapara have been rehabilitated. R&R for 207 PAFs in village Sardega is under process.

 

The Committee desired that year-wise production details of the project since 1993-94 should be furnished. The Committee desired that Final Mine Closure plan including the details in tables of MOEF should be furnished. The Committee also desired that dumps I to IV should be rehandled to reduce the final pit/decoled void from 83 m bgl to max. depth of 30m. The Committee desired that the embankment should be biologically reclaimed. The Committee desired that the AAQ monitoring should be as per the new protocol and standards. The Committee noted that the levels of RSPM are near to threshold limits and a plan for undertaking mitigative measures should be implemented. The Committee desired that the R&R Plan for the balance should be provided. The Committee desired that Rs 5 per tonne of coal should eb earmarked for activities under CSR for the balance life of the project.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon furnishing of these details.

 

 

17.      Cluster XIV consisting of Lohappatty UG (0.03 mTPA with  a peak prodn. Of 0.039 MTPA), Lohapatty OC Mine (0.375 MTPA with a peak prodn. Of 0.487 MTPA) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.  in Jharia Coalfields Ltd., dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. The application is for lease renewal of the existing Lohapatty UG and for opening a new Lohapatty OC mine for a brief period of 20 months at a peak production capacity of 0.487 MTPA to mine the outcropped coal reserves in 35.63 ha of the total ML area of 1577.22 ha, which are susceptible to illegal mining. Of the total ML area of 1577.22 ha, 1124.95 ha is agricultural land (fallow) and 59.26 ha is forestland. FC has been applied for. Lohapatty UG would have a peak production of 0.039 MTPA and mining will cover the entire ML area of 1577.22 ha. The ML is bounded in the west by River Jamunia and in the South by River Damodar, of which agriculture land is 1089.32 ha, forest land 59.26 ha, barren land is 53.62ha, water bodies is 77.89, homestead land 232.57 ha, infrastructure land11.93 ha, and there are two OB dumps – OB-I of 4.70 ha and OB-II of 12.30 ha. There are villages/habitation within the ML which are to be shifted under Jharia Action Plan. The R&R would be completed in 2017 and thereafter a separate project would be drawn up for the locked up reserves for which exploration is going on.  It was informed that a Task Force has been constituted to control illegal mining. At the end of 20 months after extraction of the outcropped reserves, it is proposed to leave an area of 5 ha would be left as a water body.

 

The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over form the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. The Committee also sought a detailed CSR Plan and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)                 An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Lohappatty UG (0.03 mTPA with  a peak prodn. Of 0.039 MTPA), Lohapatty OC Mine (0.375 MTPA with a peak prodn. Of 0.487 MTPA) in ML/project area of 1577.22 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)               An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Lohappatty UG (0.03 mTPA with  a peak prodn. Of 0.039 MTPA), Lohapatty OC Mine (0.375 MTPA with a peak prodn. Of 0.487 MTPA) to cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)              A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

 (iv)    A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestlnad/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (SPM, RSPM, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)   Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xviii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxii)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxiii)   Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)  Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  And selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxi) Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-

mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over form the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

The Committee also sought a detailed CSR Plan and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii)Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)              The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)             The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

18.      Cluster XIII coalmines of M/s BCCL located in Jharia Coalfields, Dhanbad, Jharkhand consisting of (i) Murulidih Pits (0.234 MTPA peak in an ML area of 571.32 ha, (ii) Bhurungiya Colliery in an ML area of 170.44 ha, (iii) Mucharaidih Colliery in an ML area of 83.33 ha, (iv) Hantoodih Colliery in an ML area 193.41 ha, (v) Padugora Colliery in an ML area of 17.6 ha. (vi) Murulidih Colliery in an ML area of 547 ha and (vii) Bhatdee Colliery in an ML area of 315.62 ha (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that proposal is for obtaining EC for lease renewal by preparation of a combined EIA-EMP for a cluster of 6 UG and one OC mines in a total combined ML area of 1898.62 ha consisting of (i) Murulidih Pits (0.234 MTPA peak in an ML area of 571.32 ha, (ii) Bhurungiya Colliery in an ML area of 170.44 ha, (iii) Mucharaidih Colliery in an ML area of 83.33 ha, (iv) Hantoodih Colliery in an ML area 193.41 ha, (v) Padugora Colliery in an ML area of 17.6 ha. (vi) Murulidih Colliery in an ML area of 547 ha and (vii) Bhatdee Colliery in an ML area of 315.62 ha. Murulidih 20/21 pits (571.32 ha) is an operating mine. Of the total ML area, 39.29 ha is forestland. FC has been applied for. The cluster is adjoining Cluster XIV in the west and in the South by River Damodar. The 6 UG mines are closed abandoned mines, which have been sealed and there are 15 unstable sites which includes shifting of 2187 homesteads under the Jharia Action Plan. The Ml has a abandoned opencast pits which require reclamation. Of the total ML area, 254.8342 ha would be covered under the Jharia Action Plan. The area is under exploration for mineable reserves for mining below 600m depth and exploration amy taken 6-8 years.

 

The Committee desired that the 14.25 ha of ext. OB dump be rehandled and backfilled in abandoned pits/quarries and biologically reclaimed. The overlying surface of the 6 abandoned mines should be reclaimed with plantation or restored to agricultural or other uses and a detailed Action Plan should be prepared.  As in the earlier case, in case exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves for future mining, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines. The Committee suggested that the services of a sociologist, environmentalist, and rehabilitation expert be taken for reclamation of the abandoned mines and the land to be put to use again. The Committee requested the company to also examine alternate technologies such as coal gasification for the deeper seams.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(iv)             An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Cluster XIII coalmines consisting of (i) Murulidih Pits (0.234 MTPA peak in an ML area of 571.32 ha, (ii) Bhurungiya Colliery in an ML area of 170.44 ha, (iii) Mucharaidih Colliery in an ML area of 83.33 ha, (iv) Hantoodih Colliery in an ML area 193.41 ha, (v) Padugora Colliery in an ML area of 17.6 ha. (vi) Murulidih Colliery in an ML area of 547 ha and (vii) Bhatdee Colliery in an ML area of 315.62 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)              An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for Cluster XIII coalmines consisting of (i) Murulidih Pits (0.234 MTPA peak in an ML area of 571.32 ha, (ii) Bhurungiya Colliery in an ML area of 170.44 ha, (iii) Mucharaidih Colliery in an ML area of 83.33 ha, (iv) Hantoodih Colliery in an ML area 193.41 ha, (v) Padugora Colliery in an ML area of 17.6 ha. (vi) Murulidih Colliery in an ML area of 547 ha and (vii) Bhatdee Colliery in an ML area of 315.62 ha to cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(vi)             A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

 (iv)    A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestlnad/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (SPM, RSPM, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)    Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)   Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xviii)  Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xix)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xx)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxi)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxii)   Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxiii)   Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)  Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxvi)  Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvii)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  And selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxi) Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the 14.25 ha of ext. OB dump be rehandled and backfilled in abandoned pits/quarries and biologically reclaimed. The overlying surface of the 6 abandoned mines should be reclaimed with plantation or restored to agricultural or other uses and a detailed Action Plan should be prepared.  As in the earlier case, in case exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves for future mining, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines. The Committee suggested that the services of a sociologist, environmentalist, and rehabilitation expert be taken for reclamation of the abandoned mines and the land to be put to use again.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxviii)                       Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii)Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)           The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)          The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

 

19.      Bhaskarpara OCP (0.76 MTPA) and UGP (0.24 TPA) of M/s Bhaskarpara Coal Company Ltd., located in Tehsil Bhiyathan, district Surguja, Chhattisgrah (TOR) 

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast-cum-underground coalmine of a combined rated capacity of 1 MTPA, of which OCP would be 0.76 MTPA and UGP is 0.24 MTPA. Out of total area of 920 ha ,forest land is 497.43 ha (PF-109.87 ha, RF-24.10 ha, revenue forest -363.46 ha), Govt waste land is 73.40 ha,  and private (agriculture) land  is 349.17 ha. Two nalas – Manik nala and Kalua Nala flowing the ML outfall into River Rehar. All right land -582.22 ha &Mining Right Land -337.78 ha. It was informed that of the total 20 MT of reserves, 5 MTPA is in the 80 ha of forestland.

 

The Committee desired that details of land use – for OC and UG should be presented separately for the various activities/operations of OCP and UGP and wherever it is combined it should be specifically indicated. The Committee desired that the 80.05 ha of forestland proposed to be broken for opencast operations should be left undisturbed in case the density is 0.4 or more or forms a part of wildlife habitat. The Committee desired that movement and habitation of elephants in the core and buffer zone (study area) should be clearly brought in the EIA-EMP Report, in view that areas of district Sarguja form a part of elephant migratory corridor and an Action Plan (Wildlife Conservation Plan) be prepared and approved by the CWLW along with details of activities thereunder and budgetary provisions. The Committee desired that details of project specific R&R, CSR should be furnished as a Plan with details of activities and budgetary provisions along with a time frame of implementation. The Committee desired that one-season data of env. quality parameters be obtained as per the new protocol and standards.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)       An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1 MTPA rated capacity consisting of OCP (0.76 MTPA) and UGP (0.24 TPA) in an ML/project area of 920 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)      An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1 MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 1 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 1  MTPA consisting of OCP (0.76 MTPA) and UGP (0.24 TPA) in an area of 920 ha. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)     A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)     A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)      Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)     Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)    A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)    A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)     Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition. The Committee desired that details of land use – for OC and UG should be presented separately for the various activities/operations of OCP and UGP and wherever it is combined it should be specifically indicated.

(x)      Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations. The Committee desired that the 80.05 ha of forestland proposed to be broken for opencast operations should be left undisturbed in case the density is 0.4 or more or forms a part of wildlife habitat.

(xi)     Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestlnad/grazing land.

(xii)     Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (SPM, RSPM, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. The Committee desired that one-season data of env. quality parameters be obtained as per the new protocol and standards.

(xiii)    Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale)  (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)    Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. The Committee desired that movement and habitation of elephants in the core and buffer zone (study area) should be clearly brought in the EIA-EMP Report, in view that areas of district Sarguja form a part of elephant migratory corridor and an Action Plan (Wildlife Conservation Plan) be prepared and approved by the CWLW along with details of activities thereunder and budgetary provisions.

(xv)    Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvi)         Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvii)        Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)   Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)    Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)    Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)    Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.            

(xxii)   Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxiii)       Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiv)      Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxv)       Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxv)   Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)  Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)  Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx) Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxvi)      Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxi) Final Mine closure issues, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii) Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. The Committee desired that details of project specific R&R, CSR should be furnished as a Plan with details of activities and budgetary provisions along with a time frame of implementation.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix)               Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)       All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)      Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)     Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)     After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ix)             The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(x)               The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)    The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

 

20.     Internal discussion on Choritand-Tilaya Coalmine Project (0.78 MTPA) of M/s C.T. Mining Private Ltd., located in West Bokaro Coalfields, dist. Bokaro, Jharkhand.

 

Director, MOEF informed that the aforesaid proposal in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 25th –26th August 2009, wherein the Committee had observed that of the total 65 MT of reserves only 14.43MT, i.e. only 22% of the total reserves is to be mined, which appears to be a waste of the reserves of coking coal. Even if the grade is not steel grade it can be used for other industries and in TPPs. The Committee further noted that even for such a minimal extraction, an extent of 190 ha would be broken for OC mining yielding only 10 MT of reserves. The Committee desired that the proponent relook the Mining Plan and especially obtain clarification from the Ministry of Coal whether it would permit a loss of about 50 MT of reserves left unextracted from this project and also whether the project could be prepared at a later stage after a detailed prospecting of the deeper seams and when better technologies are available for such projects for better extraction of coal reserves. The Committee after deliberations had decided that the proponent at the first instance obtain a clarification on the aforesaid issues from the Ministry of Coal and preferably an Approval of the Mining Plan in case the ministry of Coal decides that the project can be implemented with the position as above.

 

In response, a letter dated 23.02.2010 has been received form the PP reiterating the earlier details furnished before the Committee and to inform that of the 65 MT of reserves found in the block, 9.55 MT of the coal reserves would be mined by opencast method over 17 years. The mining Plan has been approved by the MOC vide letter dated 10.02.2010 subject to condition that a detailed exploration should ebb carried out and a revised Mining Plan prepared in case more extraction is possible at a later stage.

 

The Committee decided that a presentation be made by PP before the Committee in the next meeting.

 

 

21.      Internal discussion on letter dated 19.02.2010 received from M/s Goa Industrial Development Corp. Ltd. on the TOR granted in August 2009 to proposed Gare Pelma Sector-III Opencast-cum-Underground project with a pit head coal washery of 5 MTPA capacity

 

Director, MOEF stated that the PP had informed the EAC in the meeting held on 21st –22nd July 2009 that a coal washery and FBC based TPP would form a part of the aforesaid project, on the basis of which the EAC while recommending the project for TOR, had desired that the details of the washery and FBC based TPP should be provided and the integrated impacts-cum-management plan should form a part of the EIA-EMP Report. However, a letter dated 19.02.2010 has now been received informing that land for the FBC based TPP is not available in the 10km radius of the study area as Gare Pelma Sector III is surrounded by other blocks and forestland and has therefore requested that they would make a separate application for the FBC base TPP and the TOR be restricted to the coalmine-cum coal washery.

 

The Committee noted that the aspect of utilisation of coal rejects in an FBC based TPP was an integral part of the TOR. The Committee after discussions decided that the PP furnish details of specific alternate location of the FBC based TPP and details of transport and use of the coal rejects from the washery to the FBC based TPP.

 

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

 

*        *        *

Annexure-1

 

PARTICIPATION OF 67th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 22-23rd MARCH 2010 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

 

1.       Shri A Balraj                                                            Chairman

 

2.       Prof. C.R.Babu                                          ……                      Vice-Chairman

 

3.       Shri T.K. Dhar                                                          Member

 

4.       Shri V.K. Singh                                                            Member

 

5.       Dr. Sudhakar Reddy                                    ..                 Member

 

6.       Dr. Arijit Dey (first day afternoon)                                  Member

 

7.       Dr. S.K. Paliwal                                                        Member

 

8.       Prof. R.V. Rama Rao                                                 Member

 

9.       Dr. T. Chandini                                                           Director, MOEF

 

10.     Dr. Rubab Jaffer                     ……                      Scientific Officer, MOEF

 

 

_____________________________________________________________________________
Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS OF 67th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 22nd –23rd MARCH 2010 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

 

1.     M/s Central Coalfields Ltd.

        1.         Shri Sumit Ghosh, CGM (E&F)

        2.         Shri Prabhu Prasad, Supdt. Hydrogeologist

        3.         Shri B.K. Sharma, Dy. Chief Engr., (Env.)

        4.         Shri R.N. Jha, Chief Mining Engr.

        5.         Shri Pushkar, CMPDI

 

2.      M/s Thesgora Coal Pvt. Ltd.

        1.         Shri Chinmay Parlekar

        2.         Shri D.K. Swain

 

3.      M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

        1.         Shri S.R. Jami

        2.         Ms. Swati Kishore

        3.         Dr. Meeta Khilnani

        4.         Shri Amit Sungha

        5.         Shri Rajkumar Yadav

        6.         Shri I. Dubey

 

4.        M/s Binani Cement Ltd. 

        1.         Shri Om Prakash, Director (techn.)

        2.         Shri S.K. Jagnaniya, CMPDI

        3.         Shri A.C. Ray, OSD (Env.)

        4.         Shri A.D. Jamkar, HOD (env.), CMPDI

        5.         Shri K. Chakroborty, Dy. CME

        6.         Shri P.A. Chowgule, Dy. CG

 

5.      M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corp. Ltd

          1.        Dr. Dinesh Mishra, Addl. PCCF

        2.         Shri S.C. Pant

        3.         Shri P.K. Soni, GM

        4.         Shri S.C. Sharma, Comsultant

        5.         Shri D.U. Vyas, GM

        6.         Dr. Meeta Khilnani, Consultant

        7.         Shri A.K. Jha

        8.         Shri S.G. Patel

        9.         Dr. D.A. Panchori

        10.       Shri B.D. Sharma, Consultant

        11.       Dr. Marisha Sharma, Consultant

 

6.      M/s Rajasthan State Mines & Minerals Ltd.

          1.         Shri K.P. Aggarwal, Advisor

        2.         Dr. Marisha Sharma, MINMEC Consultancy

        3.         Shri B.D. Sharma,  MIMEC Consultancy

        4.         Shri Harsh Vardhan

 

7.      M/s Jayeswals Neco Industries Ltd.

        1.         Shri R.K. Sikri, CGM, NEC

        2.         Shri M.B. Mathur, Advisor (Mines)

        3.         Shri Bijnin Jain, Vice-President

        4.         Shri Sunil Bhandari, A.M.

        5.         Shri A.K. Ranjan, Officer

 

8.      North Eastern Coalfields of M/s Coal India Ltd.

1.         Shri A.K. Bara, CGM, NEC

        2.         Dr. D. Sanhu, GM

        3.         Shri J. N. Arputharaj, Chief hydrogeologist, CMPDI

        4.         Shri S.N. Changnani, Dy. CE

        5.         Shri S.P. Chaki, SO, NEC

        6.         Shri S. Bhattacharjee, SO, NEC

 

9.      M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

          1.         Shri M.L. Naik

        2.         Shri R.N. Biswas

        3.         Shri M. Bhaatacharya

        4.         Shri S.Singh

 

10.    M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.  

        1.         Shri D.A. Singh, CMPDI

        2.         Shri V.K. Katwale, GM (Env.)

        3.         Shri K.S. Ganapathy, CMPDI

        4.         Shri S. Jaydev, CMPDI

 

11.    M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.

        1.         Shri D.C. Jha, Director (Tech.)

        2.         Shri A.M. Bahadur, CMPDI

        3.         Shri Amit Roy, CMPDI

        4.         Dr. E.V.R. Raju, BCCL

 

12.   M/s Bhaskarpara Coal Company Ltd.

          1.       Shri Sunil Babbar, Sr. Mgr

          2.       Shri M.L. Naik, Consultant

3.       Shri Narendra Dalal

          4.       Shri Ravi Shankar

          5.       Shri M.L. Bhasain

          6.       Shri S.R. Mehta

          7.       Shri A.K. Singh, Consultant

 

         

_______

ANNEXURE-3

 

REPORT OF SHRI B.P. SINGH, DIRECTOR (S&T), DGMS ON THE EXPANSION OF RAMAGUNDAM OCP-II (from 2 MTPA to 4 MTPA) ON ISSUES OF DUMP STABILITY IN RAISING DUMP HEIGHT FROM THE PRESENT 90m TO 120m AND PIT SLOPE STABILITY AND SAFETY ISSUES OF INCREASING ULTIMATE WORKING DEPTH FROM THE PRESENT 220m TO 400m.

 

 

1.        INTRODUCTION

 

The RG OCP-II is an opencast mine wherein in-pit crushing and transportation of coal and overburden is done by belt conveyor. The coal seams are dipping in 1 in 5 to 7 and the stripping ratio is 1:7:5. The OB is spread over the dump yard by spreader.  In the pit, conventional drilling, blasting and shovel-dumper mining is being used. The blasted coal as well as the OB is fed into the mobile crusher by Dumpers where they are crushed and transported tot eh surface by a series of belt conveyors (three sets). The benches in OB are of a 10m height and 6.36 m in width with side/face inclined at an angle of 70o from horizontal having 3.64m span at the bottom. Three such benches form a set of niches thereafter a horizontal span of 15m is left to start the second set in order to avoid continuous benching. Thus, in a depth span of 220m, total 22 number of benches have been formed having 7 sets of three bench configuration resulting in overall pit slope of 37o. Similar configurations of benches have been proposed in the next 180m depth. In overburden dump, the niches are of 30m height and at 37o slope of the sides. In internal dump, the maximum height upto 154m has been proposed in one section with floor at 1 in 6.5 gradient.

 

This is one of deepest opencast coalmines existing in the country which have been planned to extend upto a depth of 400m having a gradient of 1 in 5 to 7.

 

 

2.        PROBLEMS

 

The main problems anticipated in this mine are Pit Slope Stability and the Dump Slope Satiability (in-Pit) that are to eb dealt with scientifically to avoid slope failures leading risk of accidents/disasters.

 

Management had engaged a consultant from Germany who had designed the whole project including the issue of Slope Stability of OC Pit and Dumps. Borehole logs and geotechnical data were collected from a borehole and based on that geotechnical analysis has been done. The Central Institute of Mining and Fuel Research (CIMFR), Dhanbad had also been engaged to study and suggest the bench configurations upto 220m depth.

 

 

3.        MEETINGS AND DISCUSSIONS

 

On 18th March 2010, the officials from M/s SCCL and Dr. V.K. Singh, Scientist from CIMFR, Dhanbad were called to discuss the matter in the office of Shri B.P. Singh. The Plan, sections and copy of the investigation report were examined and discussed. The highwall side of the pit is stated to be stable and there were no failures reported at any point of time. The factor of safety of the bench configuration would not be safe upto 400m depth due to increased stresses. Detail investigation keeping in view the strength parameters, cohesion as well as the factor of safety of various configuration needs to be undertaken. The DGM ( Project & Planning), SCCL also expressed his views that CSIRO, Australia has been entrusted with the assignment and which will also examine the issues of Pit Slope as well as Dump Slope Stability problems.

 

After discussions, it was concluded that there is no need to investigate on the subject of Bench configurations in a set and on number of such sets upto 400m depth, set slope and overall slope as well as factor of safety at varying slope angle both for the intact strata as well as for the OB dumps. The provisions of instrumentation and monitoring shall form a part of the investigation.

 

This investigation would take some time which will be required while getting permission from DGMS under the Coal Mines Regulations, 1957 before further extension of the workings.

 

4.        CONCLUSION & RECOMMENDATION

 

In view of the above, it is concluded that he detailed studies on the benches configurations, Pit Slope and Dump Slope Stability are required on which the design of the Mines should be finalised. This aspect would be dealt with in the Directorate of Mines Safety while dealing with the actual permission for extension of the workings beyond 220m depth under the provisions of the CMR 1957.

 

Therefore, the environmental clearance may be given on the above condition with a provision that the copy of the investigation report and permission obtained from DGMS shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

 

*          *          *

 

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