Minutes approved by the Chairman on 11th March, 2010

 

MINUTES FOR 8th MEETING OF THE RECONSTITUTED EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (INDUSTRY-1) HELD DURING 2nd–3rd March, 2010

 

2nd March, 2010

 

VENUE: Bhabha Hall, SCOPE CONVENTION CENTRE, Institutional Area, Lodhi Road, New Delhi

 

1.0       Opening Remarks of the Chairman

           

2.0           Confirmation of the Minutes of 7th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 2nd–3rd February, 2010.

 

3.0           Consideration of the Projects

 

4.0           New Proposals :

 

4. 1            Expansion of Steel Plant (2.2 to 2.8 MTPA) at P.O. Lapanga, Village Thelkoloi, Tehsil Rengali, District Sambalpur, Orissa by M/s Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd. (TOR to EC)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) and additional TORs awarded during the 94th and 3rd Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 12th-14th May, 2009 and 23rd–24th September, 2009 for preparation of final EIA/EMP.    

 

               Further, as per recommendations of the Committee, a sub-committee comprising of Shri S. Raina, Vice Chairman, Prof. Manju Mohan, Member, Expert Committee (Industry), Dr. V. P. Upadhyay, Director, Regional Office, MOEF, Bhubaneshwar and Dr. P. B. Rastogi, Member Scretary & Director visited the project site during 1st-3rd September, 2009 to assess the existing environmental scenario and additional environmental protection measures to be undertaken during 1st-3rd September, 2009. The Committee (I-1) discussed the site visit report and its recommendations in the 3rd EAC (Industry-1) meeting held during 23rd–24th September, 2009. The committee accepted recommendations of the sub-committee in toto and finalized following additional TORs for incorporation in the final EIA/EMP besides the draft TORs already awarded vide Ministry’s even no. letter dated 28th May, 2009:

 

1.      A complete land use plan on the map showing all the facilities to be installed and green belt development in 33% area should be included.

2.      A complete note on rehabilitation and resettlement approved by the Government of Orissa and its status of compliance should be included

3.      Latest ambient air quality. stack and fugitive emission report for the existing  plant should be included.

4.      Monitoring reports for the work zone environment including blast furnace caster house and an action plan to control fugitive emissions in caster house should be included.

5.      A time bound action plan for shifting of workers to proper place where all the requisite facilities are available preferably within 30 days should be ensured.

6.      Feasibility report for the cement plant for making use of fly ash as well as slag to manufacture Pozollona Portland Cement (PPC) and Portland Slag Cement (PSC) should be included.

7.      Provision of separate drains for the process and storm water and assurance about the no discharge of process water even after treatment should included.

8.      A commitment for installing on-line monitoring facilities to all the important stacks should be included.

9.      Detailed note on coke oven plant including recovery of products like tar, ammonia, naphthalene etc. and BOD plant for the treatment of liquid effluent from coke oven should be included.

10.  Efforts should be made to use maximum water from the rain water harvesting sources. Accordingly detailed plan for the rainwater harvesting should be included in the EIA/EMP.

 

            The committee exempted from public hearing since all the additional facilities for the expansion of Steel Plant (2.2 to 2.8 MTPA) will be located within the same campus next to existing plants and adequate pollution control measures are proposed for controlling air emissions within 50 mg/Nm3. Besides, all the flue gases from DR kilns (40 MW), blast furnace (60 MW) and coke oven (16 MW) will be used in power generation. Permission for total water requirement from Hirakud Reservoir is already obtained from the Govt. of Orissa. ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted. Solid wastes like fly ash and BF slag will be used in manufacturing Pozollona Portland Cement (PPC) and Portland Slag Cement (PSC) within the campus only by installing cement plant, thus, reducing pollution due to disposal of fly ash and BF slag. Other solid wastes will also be used in environment-friendly manner. Green belt will be developed in 33 % area to reduce impact of fugitive and gaseous emissions. The committee discussed the matter again in the light of observations of the sub-committee related to the public hearing and agreed for the exemption of public hearing as recommended in 94th and 3rd EAC (I) Meeting held during 12th-14th May, 2009 and 23rd–24th September, 2009 and exempted from public hearing as per section 7(ii) of EIA Notification, 2009.

 

            Additionally, PAs informed to the committee that M/s Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd. have proposed for the environment clearance for the expansion of Steel Plant (2.2 to 2.8 MTPA) at P.O. Lapanga, Village Thelkoloi, Tehsil Rengali, District Sambalpur, Orissa Environment clearance for the existing steel plant (2.2 MTPA) is accorded vide letter no. J-11011/372/2006-IA(II)(I) dated 29th March, 2007 and production is already started. Existing plants were commissioned during the period March, 2005-January, 2009. Environment clearance for the Jamkhani Coal Mines is also accorded vide letter dated 24th September, 2008.  TORs have been awarded for the Bijahan Coal Mines vide MoEF’s letter dated 12th June, 2008. Expansion will be carried out within existing premises of 1,300 acres.  The State Government vide IDCO’s letter no. 7597 dated 1st May, 2009 has allotted additional 735 acres land and down stream industry units like galvazing units, color coating units, switch yards etc. will be located in additional land provided by IDCO.  Rehabilitation and resettlement is already implemented as per the policy of the Government of Orissa. Total cost of the project is Rs. 1,500.00 Crores. Rs. 130.00 Crores and Rs. 14.00 Crores are earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures in the proposed expansion.

 

During presentation PAs informed that following will be the details of existing and proposed facilities:

 

S.N.

Facility

EC granted for 2.2 MTPA

Units proposed for 0.6 MTPA

1

Coal Washery

4.5 MTPA

--

2

Ore Beneficiation plant

--

1200 tph

3

Pellet Plant

2.0 MTPA

1.5 MTPA

4

DR Kiln

10x500 TPD

4x500 TPD

5

Sinter Plant

1x105 m2

1x60 m2

6

Coke oven battery

2x0.45 MTPA

(Non-recovery)

0.70 MTPA

(with limited recovery)

7

Blast Furnace with SGP

1x1008 m3

1x550 m3

 

8

Steel making and casting unit

4x90 T EAF, 4x90 TLF, 4x15 T IF

4x16 MVA alloy smelter

1x2+1x4-strand billet caster

2x1-single strand thin slab caster

2x100 t EAF

2x100 t LF

1x5-strand billet caster

9

CSP Plant (HRM)

1.8 Mtpa

--

10

Wire Drawing Unit

--

0.45 Mtpa

11

Bar & Rod Mill

0.1 Mtpa

0.45 Mtpa

12

Pipe and Tube mill

--

0.20 Mtpa

13

Cold Rolling Mill

--

1.0 Mtpa

14

Galvanising/Galvolume unit

--

0.5 Mtpa

15

Colour Coating Unit

--

0.45 Mtpa

 

16

Oxygen Plant

1x400 tpd

1x600/660 tpd

17

Lime plant

2x300 tpd

1x300 tpd

18

Dolo plant

1x300 tpd

1x100 tpd

19

Captive Power Plant

430 MW

(AFBC+WHRB+CFBC)

130 MW

(WHRB+CFBC)

20

Slag Cement Plant

--

1.0 Mtpa

 

DRI-BF-EAF-CC Route alongwith Coke oven, Sinter Plant & Captive Power Plant will be installed. Mini cement plant is also proposed to use the BF slag. Feasibility report for the cement plant for making use of fly ash as well as slag to manufacture Pozollona Portland Cement (PPC) and Portland Slag Cement (PSC) is included.  Beneficiation plant will be operated on Jigging technique.

 

            Ambient air quality is monitored at 8 locations during March-May, 2009 and data submitted indicated SPM (168-331 ug/m3), RPM (72-145 ug/m3), SO2 (7-12 ug/m3, NOx (14-21 ug/m3) and CO (1428-2353 ug/m3) and are within the permissible limits. Predicted GLCs for SPM, SO2 and NOX are 35.5, 26.5 and 7.9 ug/m3 respectively. Maximum resultant GLCs will be SPM (285.5-383.5 ug/m3), SO2 (39.5-46.5 ug/m3, NOx (33.9-44.9 ug/m3) and are within the permissible limits. Stack emissions from the existing pant indicated SPM (62-92 ug/m3), SO2 (316-492 ug/m3, NOx (50-70 ug/m3) and are within the permissible limits. Latest ambient air, stack and fugitive emission report for the existing plant and work zone environment including blast furnace caster house and an action plan to control fugitive emissions in caster house are included in the EIA/EMP.

 

Facilities for on-line ambient air monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities to all the important stacks are provided. ESP will be provided to sinter plant, WHRB, CFBC, DRI and slag cement plants. The committee emphasized that all the new units should control SPM within 50 mg/Nm3 limits.  Bag house will be provided to blast furnace, EAF/LF. ESPs and bag filters will be provided to by-product recovery type of coke oven. Naphthalene scrubbing unit will be provided to remove residual naphthalene from coke oven gas. Ammonia released in de-sulphurization section of coke oven plant will be catalytically cracked to nitrogen and hydrogen. Fume extraction system with bag filters will be provided to electric arc furnace and ladle furnace. BF top gas will be cleaned in a dust catcher and gas cleaning plant (GCP) comprising of bag filters and used in tunnel furnace of CSP, BF, EAF, sinter plant, lime & dolo plant. Bag filters will be installed at all transfer points. Dry fog dust suppression system and water sprinkling system will be installed in stock yards and at raw material handling areas to control fugitive emissions. Bag filters with adequate stack height will be provided to lime and dolo plant.

 

             Total water requirement after proposed expansion is further reduced from 5981.5 m3/hr earlier proposed to 5,500 m3/hr and is much below the 10,194 m3/hr, approved by the Water Resource Department, Govt. of Orissa vide lettter dated 17th June, 2003 from Hirakund Dam. Efforts will also be made to use maximum water from the rain water harvesting sources. Modified wet quenching system with tall chimney, gri arresters auxiliary vapor spray system will be provided to coke oven plant.  The wastewater from the coke oven plant including recovery of products like tar, ammonia, naphthalene etc. will be carried out. BOD plant for the treatment of liquid effluent containing cyanide, phenol and COD etc. from coke oven will be installed. Process wastewater will be recycled in the plant. Clarifier, sludge pond and filter press will be provided in raw water treatment plant. ETP will be provided for Phenolic effluents and the treated water will be used for sprinkling at coal stockyard. DM plant water will be neutralized in neutralization pit and the treated water will be used for ash handling. Cooling tower blow down will be reused in the plant for dust suppression and slag granulation, pig casting machine etc. Provision of separate drains for the process and storm water and assurance about the no discharge of process water even after treatment is kept.  All the effluent will be treated and used for ash handling, dust suppression and green belt development. No effluent will be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge will be adopted. Sanitary sewage will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.

 

             Iron ore fines, process dust, CSP and bar mill scales will be used in sinter plant. Coal fines, char and washery rejects will be used in CPP. BF slag will be granulated and used in proposed cement plant. The committee emphasized that use of fly ash in manufacturing Pozollona Portland Cement (PPC) and BF slag in manufacturing Portland Slag Cement (PSC) should be ensured. Tar sludge from coke oven decanter and oil sludge will be generated.  RF sludge and EAF slag will be recycled in sinter plant.  EAF slag will also be used for road construction. Kiln accretions will be dumped in low-lying areas. Scrap and SMS slag will be reused. Scrap will be reused in SMS.

 

             All the workers are shifted to proper place with all the facilities for drinking water, sanitation and medical facilities. Green belt will be developed in 430 acres, out of total plant area of 1300 acres. Out of 1300 acres, green belt is proposed in 430 acres (33 %) but so far 210 acres land is covered. As suggested by the sub-committee, a complete land use plan on the map showing all the facilities to be installed and green belt development in 33% area is included. House keeping should be proper and PAs clarified that left over work for the existing plant is under progress and due care will be taken in future on priority.   

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee found the final EIA/EMP report adequate except RPM values exceeding 100 ug/m3 and suggested to stipulate following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions while considering for accord of environmental clearance after submission of RPM data for the full one year for the existing plant (average as well as 98th percentile) and approved laboratory / OPCB / Zonal Office of the CPCB due to RPM values more than 100 ug/m3 which may be examined internally :

           

1.      Compliance to all the specific and general conditions stipulated for the existing plant by the Central/State Govt. should be ensured and regular reports submitted to the Ministry and its Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.

 

2.      Efforts should be made to reduce RSPM levels in the ambient air and a time bound action plan should be submitted. On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), gas cleaning plant, cyclone, multi-cyclone, wet scrubber, bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.  

 

3.      As proposed, slectrostatic precipitator (ESP) should be provided to sinter plant, WHRB, CFBC, DRI and slag cement plants; bag house to blast furnace and ESP & bag filters to by-product recovery type of coke oven to control SPM levels within 50 mg/Nm3. Fume extraction system with bag filters should be provided to electric arc furnace and ladle furnace.

 

4.      All the standards prescribed for the coke oven plants should be followed as per the latest guidelines. Naphthalene scrubbing unit should be provided to remove residual naphthalene from coke oven gas. Ammonia released in de-sulphurization section of coke oven plant should be catalytically cracked to Nitrogen and Hydrogen.  BF top gas should be cleaned in dust catcher and gas cleaning plant (GCP) comprising of bag filters and used in furnace of CSP, BF, EAF, sinter plant, lime & dolo plant. Bag filters with adequate stack height should be provided to lime and dolo plant. Proper and full utilization of coke oven gases in power plant using heat recovery steam generators should be ensured and no flue gases should be discharged into the air.

 

5.      The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

6.      Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines/Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed. New standards for the sponge iron plant issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 should be followed.

 

7.      Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

8.      Vehicular pollution due to transportation of raw material and finished product should be controlled.  Proper arrangements should also be made to control dust emissions during loading and unloading of the raw material and finished product.

 

9.      Total water requirement from Hirakund Dam should not exceed 5,500 m3/hr although ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 10,194 m3/hr water is accorded by the Water Resource Department, Govt. of Orissa vide lettter dated 17th June, 2003. Efforts should further be made to use maximum water from the rain water harvesting sources. As proposed, modified wet quenching system should be provided to coke oven plant. Air cooled condensers and closed circuit cooling system should be provided to reduce water consumption and water requirement should be modified accordingly. All the effluent should be treated and used for ash handling, dust suppression and green belt development.  No effluent should be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge should be adopted. Sanitary sewage should be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit

 

10.  Effluent treatment plant (ETP) should be provided for the treatment of Phenolic effluent from coke oven plant and the treated water should be used for sprinkling at coal stockyard. Clarifier, sludge pond and filter press should be provided in raw water treatment plant. DM plant water should be neutralized in neutralization pit and the treated water should be used for ash handling. Process wastewater should be recycled / reused in the plant. Cooling tower blow down should be reused in the plant for dust suppression and slag granulation, pig casting machine etc. Provision of separate drains for the process and storm water should be kept.

 

11.  Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

12.  Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, OPCB and CPCB.

 

13.  All the wastewater from the coke oven plant containing cyanide, phenol and COD etc. should be properly treated in the BOD plant. Continuous monitoring of Total Organic Compounds (TOC) should be done at the outlet of ETP (BOD plant) and recovery of products like tar, ammonia, naphthalene etc. should be ensured.

 

14.  The water consumption should not exceed 16 m3/Ton of Steel as per prescribed standard.

 

15.  All the standards prescribed for the coke oven plants should be followed as per the latest guidelines. Proper and full utilization of coke oven gases in power plant using heat recovery steam generators should be ensured and no flue gases should be discharged into the air.

 

16.  Iron ore fines, process dust, and mill scales should be recycled to sinter plant to produce sinter.  Sludge and slag from electric arc furnace (EAF) should also be recycled in the sinter plant.

 

17.  All the coal fines, char from DRI plant and washery rejects should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be used for briquette making or disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.  All the blast furnace (BF) slag should be granulated and used in manufacturing Portland Slag Cement (PSC) in the proposed cement plant. Scrap should be used in steel melting shop (SMS). EAF & SMS slag and kiln accretions should be properly utilized. All the other solid waste including broken refractory mass should be properly disposed off in environment-friendly manner. Tar sludge from coke oven decanter, waste oil and oil sludge should be properly disposed as per Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989 as subsequently amended.

 

18.  All the slag should be used for land filling inside the plant or used as building material only after passing through Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test.  Toxic slag should be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. Otherwise, hazardous substances should be recovered from the slag and output waste and be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. 

 

19.  Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003. All the fly ash generated should be fully utilized in manufacturing of Pozollona Portland Cement (PPC) and BF slag in should be ensured..

 

20.  Proper handling, storage, utilization and disposal of all the solid waste should be ensured and regular report regarding toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition, end use of solid/hazardous waste should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, OPCB and CPCB. 

 

21.  A time bound action plan should be submitted to reduce solid waste, its proper utilization and disposal.

 

22.  A Risk and Disaster Management Plan alongwith the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, OPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

23.  As proposed, green belt should be developed in 33 % area.

 

24.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

25.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

26.  Rehabilitation and Resettlement Plan for the project affected population including tibals should be implemented as per the policy of the State Govt. in consultation with the State Govt. of Orissa. Compensation paid in any case should not be less than the norms prescribed under the National Resettlement and Rehabilitation Policy, 2007.

 

 

4. 2            Expansion of Sponge Iron Unit (60,000 TPA to 1,20,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (10 MW; WHRB 6 MW, AFBC 4 MW) at Survey no. 283/B, 284/A, 284/C and 400A/1, Veniveerapura Village, Taluk and District Bellary, Karnataka by M/s Scan Steels Ltd. (EC)      

 

               The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 78th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 20th to 22nd February, 2008 for preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Sponge iron plants (> 200 TPD) are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.  Capacity of the proposed sponge iron plant after expansion will be 400 TPD.  

 

               Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Scan Steels Ltd. formerly known as M/s Embittee Iron & Steels Ltd.has proposed for expansion of sponge iron unit (60,000 TPA to 1,20,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (10 MW; WHRB 6 MW, AFBC 4 MW) at  Survey no. 283/B, 284/A, 284/C and 400A/1, Veniveerapura Village, Taluk and district Bellary, Karnataka. During the expansion, 2 additional kilns of 100 TPD will be installed. Total land required for the plant will be 25 acres. Proposed expansion will be within the existing plant premises. Bellary RF (9 km SW), Chikkantapura RF (7.5 km SW) and Torangallu RF (10 km NW) are located within 10 km radius of the proposed project. Total cost of the proposed expansion is Rs. 17.50 Crores. Rs. 2.00-3.00 Crores will be earmarked towards environmental pollution control measures. No eco-sensitive areas are located within 15 km periphery of the plant.

 

The raw material required for sponge iron will be iron ore (96,800 TPA), coal imported (66,000 TPA) and dolomite (3,000 TPA).  Coal based rotary kiln process will be adopted for Sponge iron manufacture.

 

Ambient air quality monitoring has been carried out at 8 locations during the period October, 2007 to December, 2007 and the data submitted indicated SPM (61.4-172.1 µg/m3), RPM (18.5-63.8 µg/m3), SO2 (7.4-17.2 µg/m3) and NOx (10.6-18.8 µg/m3) and are within the permissible limit. Prediction of Ground Level Concentrations (GLC’s) due to proposed expansion has been made by Industrial Source Complex, Short Term (ISCST3) as per CPCB guidelines and the data submitted an indicated an incremental SPM of 0.95 µg/m3 from 165.6 µg/m3 to 166.55 µg/m3 which is well within the NAAQS norm.  Similarly, incremental SO2 and NOx emissions are 0.72 µg/m3 (15.9 µg/m3 to 16.62 µg/m3) and 0.48 µg/m3 (17.8 µg/m3 to 18.28 µg/m3) respectively.

 

ESP, dust settling chamber and gas conditioning tower will be installed followed by stack of suitable height to control emissions. Bag filter system will be provided at raw material handling plant, raw material storage system, rotary cooler and product separation system. Electrostatic precipitator will be provided to waste gas cleaning system and WHRB based power plant. Dust suppression system with water sprinklers and Dust extraction system with bag filters will be provided at all raw material crushing, screening and transfer points to control fugitive dust emissions.

 

Present water requirement is 28 m3/hr.  Additional water requirement from bore wells, rain water harvesting, proposed STP as well as Cow bazaar SWTP of Bellary for the proposed expansion will be 28 m3/hr. CHWA vide letter no. 21-4/CGWA/2k dated 13th January, 2007 has informed the Member Secretary, KSPCB that permission is not required to draw water in the area where the plant is proposed. However, application is made to CGWA seeking permission for water drawl. A sanction letter is obtaied from Bellary Mahanagar Palika to supply treated water from Cow bazaar SWTP, Bellary.  Waste water generated from boiler blow down, dust settling chamber and domestic usage after adequate treatment will be either recirculated back in the process or used for dust suppression or greenbelt development.

 

Fly ash will be sold to cement / brick manufacturers. Bottom ash will be stored in properly designed land fills as per CPCB guidelines. Dust generated will be reused in process or sold to brick manufacturers. Char will be used as fuel in kiln or for making coal briquettes. Char will be mixed with coal or coal washery rejects and used as fuel in fluidized bed combustion (FBC) boilers. Kiln accretions will be used as sub-base material for road construction or land filling. Gas cleaning plant/scrubber sludge will be compacted and suitably disposed off. 

 

Green belt will be developed in 8 acres, out of total plant area of 25 acres. Total power requirement of the plant will be met from Captive Power Plant and until its commissioning, power will be met from KPTCL. Existing plant has 2x380 KVA DG set as standby arrangement in case of emergency. No additional power will be required for the expansion of the project.

 

The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the Karnataka Pollution Control Board on 11th November, 2008 and issues raised included environmental protection, employment, greenbelt development, medical and transportation facilities, solid waste management, educational infrastructure and peripheral development of village and have satisfactorily been incorporated in the final EIA/EMP report.

                       

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions after submission of the analysis of coal by ICPMS method to be obtained from the Africa to assess presence of Arsenic content, if any, for internal examination:

 

1.      Compliance to all the specific and general conditions stipulated for the existing plant by the Central/State Govt. should be ensured and regular reports submitted to the Ministry and its Regional Office at Bangalore.

 

2.      Efforts should be made to reduce RSPM levels in the ambient air and a time bound action plan should be submitted. On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.   

 

3.      The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

4.      Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed. New standards for the sponge iron plant issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 should be followed.

 

5.      Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

6.      Vehicular pollution due to transportation of raw material and finished product should be controlled.  Proper arrangements should also be made to control dust emissions during loading and unloading of the raw material and finished product.

 

7.      Total quantity of water from all the sources should not exceed 28 m3/hr as per the Permission’ accorded by the Department of Water Resources, Govt. of Karnataka vide letter dated 13th January, 2009.  Air cooled condensers and closed circuit cooling system should be provided to reduce water consumption and water requirement should be modified accordingly.

 

8.      Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

9.      Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore, KSPCB and CPCB.

 

10.  ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

11.  The water consumption should not exceed 16 m3/Ton of Steel as per prescribed standard.

 

12.  All the char from DRI plant should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be used for making briqueetes or disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning. All the blast furnace (BF) slag should be granulated and provided to cement manufacturers for further utilization. SMS slag should also be properly utilized. All the other solid waste including broken refractory mass should be properly disposed off in environment-friendly manner.

 

13.  Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003. All the fly ash should be provided to cement and brick manufacturers for further utilization and ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore.

 

14.  Proper handling, storage, utilization and disposal of all the solid waste should be ensured and regular report regarding toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition, end use of solid/hazardous waste should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore, KSPCB and CPCB. 

 

15.  A time bound action plan should be submitted to reduce solid waste, its proper utilization and disposal.

 

16.  A Risk and Disaster Management Plan alongwith the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore, KSPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

17.  As proposed, green belt should be developed in 33 % area.

 

18.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

19.  Prior permission from the State Forest Department should be taken regarding likely impact of the expansion of the proposed steel plant on the reserve forests. Measures should be taken to prevent impact of particulate emissions / fugitive emissions, if any from the proposed plant on the surrounding reserve forests viz. Bellary RF (9 km SW), Chikkantapura RF (7.5 km SW) and Torangallu RF (10 km NW) located within 10 km radius of the project. Further, Conservation Plan for the conservation of wild fauna in consultation with the State Forest Department should be prepared and implemented.

 

20.  All the commitments made to the public during the public hearing meeting held on 11th November, 2008 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore.

 

21.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4. 3            Expansion of Sponge Iron (100 TPD to 400 TPD) Billets (360 TPD), Rolled Products (350 TPD) and Captive Power Plant (20 MW) at Village Digha, P.O. Nituria, District Purulia, West Bengal by M/s Rabindra Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. (EC)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 81st Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 12th-14th May 2008 for preparation of EIA/EMP. All the primary metallurgical process units are kept in 3(a) under ‘A’ category of EIA Notification 2006.  

 

               Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Rabindra Enterprises Pvt. Ltd has proposed for expansion of Sponge Iron (100 TPD to 400 TPD) Billets (360 TPD), Rolled Products (350 TPD) and Captive Power Plant (20 MW) at Village Digha, P.O. Nituria, District Purulia, West Bengal. The cost of the expansion of the project will be Rs. 159.78.Crores.  Rs 765.80 Lakhs and Rs.147.75 Lakhks are earmarked towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures. The total area of the plant will be 36 acres instead of 18.25 acres. Jharkhand State boundary is 4.5 km away from the project site. Gar Panchakot/Panchet reserve forest (1.5 km), Damodar River (4.5 km) and Barakar River (10.5 km) away from the project site. The existing product of the project is sponge iron (100 TPD) and the total production will be sponge iron (400 TPD total), Billets (360 TPD), Rolled Products (350 TPD) and Captive Power Plant (20 MW) after expansion as per details given below.

 

S.

N.

Particulars

Size

Capacity (TPD)

Annual Capacity

1.

Sponge Iron-DRI Kiln

     Existing     1x100 TPD

     Expansion 3x100 TPD

4x100 TPD

400 TPD

1,28,000 TPA

2.

Induction Furnace with CCM

3x12 MT

360 TPD

1,15,200 TPA

3.

Rolling Mill

22 TPH

350 TPD

1,12,000 TPA

4.

Captive power plant

              WHRB

              AFBC

-

 

 

8 MW

12 MW

20 MW

 

The raw material for sponge iron plant will be iron ore (640 TPD),Coal (520TPD) and  dolomite (16 TPD). The raw material for billet unit will be sponge iron (256 TPD), pig iron (66 TPD) and scrap (86 TPD) and alloys (4 TPD). For rolled products (360 TPD) the Char (100 TPD) and coal (220 TPD) will be required as raw material.

 

            Sponge iron will be manufactured using DRI process.  Hot gases from the rotary kiln will be passed through dust settling chamber (DSC), after burning chamber (ABC), WHRB and stacks of adequate height. Sponge iron, cast iron, scrap will be used to manufacture billets.  Liquid metal will be tapped into ladles and then moulds.  The billets manufactured will be fed to reheating furnace at 12000C-12500C  to manufacture TMT bars captive power plant (20 MW) will include 8 MW WHRB to make use of DRI kiln gases and 12 MW AFBC to make use of char.

 

Ambient air quality is monitored at 8 locations during March to May, 2008 and data submitted indicates SPM (246.50–291.93 ug/m3), RPM (76.78-100.05 ug/m3), SO2 (18.55-27.45 ug/m3, NO2 (15.02-30.69 ug/m3) and are within the permissible limits. B(a)P was found to be 5.25 ug/m3.

 

ESP will be provided to DRI kiln, WHRB and AFBC boiler to control the emission from process kiln to control SPM within 50 mg/Nm3. Bag filter will be installed to control the fugitive emissions from SMS shop, reheating furnace and also installed at raw material and product handling points to control the emissions. Fume extraction system with bag filter will be provided to clean the gases in induction furnace.

 

The existing water requirement is 100 KLD and the total water requirement after expansion will be 1,856 KLD is revised to 1,123 m3/day which will be sourced from ground water. No effluent will be discharged from the unit. Process cooling water will be recycled and reused.

 

Char (260 TPD), dust from APC (74 TPD), slag (40 TPD) and coal ash (40 TPD) will generated as solid wastes from various units. The Char (100 TPD) will be used in power plant and balance will be sold to briquette and bricks manufacturing units. Coal ash, slag and dust from APC will be disposed off through low land filling or road making. Spent oil (4 KLPA) and oil soaked jute (1 MTPA) will be the hazardous wastes from the plant. Fly ash from ESP/AFBC will be provided to fly ash brick manufacturers.

 

Green belt will be developed in 12.50 acres out of total 36 acres. The total power requirement of the plant will be 20 MW and will be sourced from captive power plant. Two DG sets of 500 KVA and 300 KVA will also be installed for emergency purpose. LDO (0.6 KLD) will be used as fuel.

 

The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the West Bengal Pollution Control Board on 16th July, 2009. The issues raised including employment, fugitive emissions and pollution control measures have satisfactorily been incorporated in the final EIA/EMP report.

                       

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee has recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions:

 

1.      Compliance to all the specific and general conditions stipulated for the existing plant by the Central/State Govt. should be ensured and regular reports submitted to the Ministry and its Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.

 

2.      Efforts should be made to reduce RSPM levels in the ambient air and a time bound action plan should be submitted. On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.  

 

3.      The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

4.      Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed. New standards for the sponge iron plant issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 should be followed.

 

5.      Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

6.      Vehicular pollution due to transportation of raw material and finished product should be controlled.  Proper arrangements should also be made to control dust emissions during loading and unloading of the raw material and finished product.

 

7.      Prior ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 1,123 m3/day water from the concerned department should be obtained. Air cooled condensers and closed circuit cooling system should be provided to reduce water consumption and water requirement should be modified accordingly.

 

8.      Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

9.      Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB.

 

10.  ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

11.  The water consumption should not exceed 16 m3/Ton of Steel as per prescribed standard.

 

12.  All the char from DRI plant should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be used in manufacturing briquettes or disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.  SMS slag should also be properly utilized. All the other solid waste including broken refractory mass should be properly disposed off in environment-friendly manner.

 

13.  All the slag should be used for land filling inside the plant or used as building material only after passing through Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test.  Toxic slag should be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. Otherwise, hazardous substances should be recovered from the slag and output waste and be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. 

 

14.  Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003. All the fly ash should be provided to cement and brick manufacturers for further utilization and ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.

 

15.  Proper handling, storage, utilization and disposal of all the solid waste should be ensured and regular report regarding toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition, end use of solid/hazardous waste should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB. 

 

16.  A time bound action plan should be submitted to reduce solid waste, its proper utilization and disposal.

 

17.  A Risk and Disaster Management Plan alongwith the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, WBPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

18.  As proposed, green belt should be developed in 33 % area.

 

19.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

20.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 16th July, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.

 

21.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.4              Integrated Steel Plant (5.0 MTPA), Cement Grinding Unit (3.0 MTPA) and captive Power Plant (1,215 MW) at Village Durmut, Raghunathpur Block, District Purulia, West Bengal by M/s Jai Balaji Industries Ltd. (EC)

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 90th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 6th-8th January, 2009 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  All the Integrated Steel Plants, Cement Grinding Unit and Captive Power Plant are kept at S. N. 3 (a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries, 3(b) and 1(d) respectively under EIA Notification, 2006 and appraised at Central level.

  

               Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Jai Balaji Industries Ltd. have proposed for the Integrated Steel Plant (5.0 MTPA), Cement Grinding Unit (3.0 MTPA) and captive Power Plant (1,215 MW) at Village Durmut, Raghunathpur, Block, District Purulia, West Bengal. Total project area is 3,800 acres and is allotted by the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. PAs submitted a copy of the letter no. PI/JB/LA/14/2998 dated 31st December, 2008 from West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation Ltd. indicating part of the of the project land inside the Industrial zone at Raghunathpur Block-I, District Purulia, West Bengal. No forest land is involved. No national park/wild life sanctuary/reserve forest is located within 10 km radius of the project site and DFO has issued a letter dated 19th February, 2010 confirming the same. Total cost of the project is Rs. 16,000.00 Crore­­s. Rs 1,150.00 Crores and Rs. 169.00 Crores earlier proposed have been revised to Rs 1,344.21 Crores and Rs. 128.60 Crores towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures.  Following facilities will be installed:

 

S.N.

Units

Capacity

1

Coal washery

15,600 MTPA

2

Iron Ore Beneficiation plant

16.00 MTPA

3

Sinter Plant

3,70,000 TPA

4

Iron Ore Beneficiation plant

8.40 MTPA

5

Producer Gas Plant

1,50,000 Nm3/hr.

6

Direct Reduction Plant (DRI)

39,00,000 TPA

7

Coal Gasification Unit

2,25,000 Nm3/hr.

8

WHRB – CPP

125 MW

9

Blast Furnace

26,80,000 TPA

10

Coke Oven & By products Plant

15,19,000 TPA

11

Pig Casting Machine

3,000 TPD

12

Induction Furnace

50,000 TPM

13

Electric Arc Furnace (EAF)

5,400 MTPA

14

Ladle Refining Furnace

1200 MTPA

15

RH-TOP (Degassing Unit)

400 Tons

16

Argon – Oxygen Decarburization (AOD) Unit

100 Tons

17

Vaccum Oxygen De-Carburization (VOD) Unit

100 Tons

18

Continuous Caster

5.0 MTPA

19

Hot Strip Mill (Rolling  Mill-I)

2.5 MTPA

20

Plate Mill (Rolling Mill – II)

1.0 MTPA

21

Bar & Rod Mill (Rolling Mill-III)

1.5 MTPA

22

Oxygen Plant

6000 TPD

23

Lime Calcination Plant

5.8 MTPA

24

Calcined Dolomite Plant

6,81,800 TPA

25

Submerged Arc Furnace (Ferro Alloys)

0.25 TPD

26

Captive Power Plant

1,215 MW

27

Cement Grinding Unit

3 MTPA

 

Now, PAs have proposed for the following items :

 

S.N.

UNITS

CAPACITY

1

COAL WASHERY

15.60 MTPA

2

IRON ORE BENEFICIATION PLANT

16.00 MTPA

3

SINTER PLANT

3.70 MTPA

4

PELLET PLANT

8.00 MTPA

5

PRODUCER GAS PLANT

1,50,000 Nm3 / hr

6

DIRECT REDUCTION (DRI) PLANT

- Coal based DRI Plant

- Gas BASED DRI Plant

3.90 MTPA

  -  1.50 MTPA

  -  2.40 MTPA

7

COAL GASIFICATION UNIT

2,25,000 Nm3/hr

8

BLAST FURNACE

2.68 MTPA

9

PIG CASTING MACHINE

3,000 TPD

10

COKE OVEN & BY- PRODUCTS PLANT

1.519 MTPA

11

ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE (EAF) WITH MATCHING LADLE REFINING FURNACE

4.80 MTPA

12

INDUCTION FURNACE

0.6 MTPA (50,000 TPM)

13

RH-TOP (DEGASSING UNIT)

4 x 100 Tons 

14

ARGON – OXYGEN DECARBURIZATION (AOD) UNIT

100 Tons

15

VACUUM OXYGEN DE-CARBURIZATION (VOD) UNIT

100 Tons

16

CONTINUOUS CASTER

5.4 MTPA

17

Product Mix.

   - HR Coil

   - Bar Mill

   - Wire & Rod Mill

   - Medium Structural Mill

5.085 MTPA.

   - 2.085 MTPA

   - 0.90 MTPA

   - 1.10 MTPA

   - 1.00 MTPA

18

OXYGEN PLANT

1.32 MTPA (4000 TPD)

19

LIME CALCINATION PLANT

0.40  MTPA (3x400 TPD)

20

CALCINED DOLOMITE PLANT

0.20 MTPA (2x300 TPD)

21

SUBMERGED ARC FURNACE

(FERRO ALLOYS)

0.25 MTPA

22

CAPTIVE POWER PLANT

1,215 MW 

23

CAPTIVE POWER PLANT – WHRB 125 MW

 

24

CEMENT PLANT

3.0 MTPA

 

            ROM non-coking coal (17.00 MTPA), Iron Ore fine (13,80 MTPA), Iron ore lump (2.50 MTPA), Coking coal (11 MTPA), Quartzite (0.136 MTPA), Dolomite (0.788 MTPA) and Limestone (0.589 MTPA) will be used as raw materials. Clinker and Gypsum will be used in the cement plant.

 

Coal washery, iron ore beneficiation plant, sinter plant, Iron ore pelletisation plant, producer gas plant, DRI Plant, coal gasification unit, WHRB, Blast furnace, coke oven (recovery type) by product plant, pig casting machine, EAF, LRF, Degassing Unit, Argon – oxygen Decarburization (AOD) Unit, Vaccum Oxygen De-carburization (VOD) unit; continuous caster, Rolling Mills (Strip, Plate, bar & rod), oxygen plant, lime calcinations plant, calcined dolomite plant and ferro alloy plant, cement plant & CPP etc. will be installed.          

 

            PAs informed to the committee that coal washery to produce clean coal based DR plant and coal generation units and midlings for CPP will be installed and unit will consist of heavy media cyclone, dewatering and rinsing screen, centrigfuge, magnetic separator, disc filter, thickener etc. Ash % will be reduced from 45.5 % to 32 % and Sulphure content from 10 % to 0.4 -0.5 %.  Coal gasification plant will produce 257,143 nM3/hr of pure reduction gas for use in DRI as well as for heatng of other units. The gas with correct H2:CO ratio will act as alternate to natural  gas feed to DR Process. Each gasifier will be provided with coal bunker, coal feeding chute, coal lock with gas scrubber, ejector, gasifier, condenser, chute, screw, conveyor, wash cooler and waste heat boiler producing stream.  Iron ore beneficiation plant will be installed to beneficiate low grade iron ore fines (-10 mm) from different mines in Orissa. Iron ore will be ground to -150 u in grinding mill which then will be beneficiated to upgrade to (+) 65 % Fe.  In pellet plant, haematite iron ore concentrate (-325 mesh) in slurry form will be filtered to form a cake. Two travellling grate indurating machine will be installed.  Filtered cake and additive will be sent to balling discs to produce green balls/pellets which will be used in blast furnace. Sinter plant will consist of proportionating unit, mixing, nodurizing, sintering and cooling units etc. Sponge iron plant (coal based) will be  provided  DSC, ABC, WHRB and ESP. Gas based sponge iron plant, haematite (Fe2O3) in process of coal H2 transform into magnetite (Fe3O4) and then to Fe. The coke oven and by product recovery plant with wet quenching were proposed. However, the committee requested for adopting dry quenching and PAs agreed for the same. Blast furnace will be installed to produce hot metal. In ferro alloy plant, Fe-Mn & Si-Mn is submerged arc furnace will be produced. Steel making (EAF, LF) and continous casting machines will be installed to use hot metal from BF & DRI to produce HR coils and blooms to cater to structural mill. AOD, VOD, RH-TOP (Degassing unit), bar mill wire rod mill, oxygen plant, producer gas plant, lime calcinated ddomute plant will be installed. CFBC Based on coal, dolachar, coal washery rejects will be installed.

 

             Ambient air quality is monitored at 8 locations during December, 2008 to February, 2009 and data submitted based on 24 hourly means indicated SPM (148.77 ug/m3), RSPM (56.49 ug/m3), SO2 (6.71 ug/m3), NOx (27.48 ug/m3) respectively and are within the permissible limits. Predicted GCs for SPM (19.71 ug/m3), SO2 (28.41 ug/m3) and NOx (43.66 ug/m3) are also well within the permissible limits.

 

            ESP with tall chimney will be provided to sinter plant, pellet plant, CBC power plant, cement and DRI plant to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.  Flue gas desulphurization unit and NOX burners will also be installed to control SO2 and NOX emissions. Dust catcher followed by a venturi scrubber and chimney will be provided to blast furnace plant/PCM.  Coke oven gases will be used for heating purpose in the steel plant.  It is also mentioned that excess gas will be flared through stack. Sulphur of the coke oven plant will be recovered in the recovery plant. Dust suppression system with bag filters and a chimney will be provided to coke oven. ESP, bag filters, gas coolers and chimney will be provided to Steel Melting Shop/ EAF/LF/Slab caster. Fume extraction system with bag filter, ID fan and chimney will be provided to Ferro Alloy Plant.  Bag filter, dust suppression system and chimney will be provided to coal washery. Bag filters will be provided to Ash silo. Dust extraction/suppressions system will be provided to fuel/coal handling plant. Bag filters will be provided to tube mill, conveying system, cyclone separator and unloading section of cement plant. Bag filters with tall chimney will be provided to cement plant, lime and dolo plant. Dust suppression system will be provided at raw material/material handling area.

 

Total water requirement from Panchet under Damodar Valley River Reservoir Corporation will be 7,552 m3/hr instead of 12,110 / 12,980 m3/hr proposed earlier due to adoption of air quenching in the coke oven and air cooled condensers in captive power plant.  Permission for 1,927 m3/hr (10.30 MGD) is already obtained from Irrigation & Waterways Directorate vide letter dated 11th September, 2008. Permission for the drawl of balance water is yet to be obtained. PAs informed that application has been submitted to DVRRC for 54 MGD of water of which 10.5 MGD water was already allotted. Cooling tower blow down will be treated and reused in the plant. Entire Industrial wastewater from steel plant will be treated. Wastewater generated from wet slag granulation will be treated in a settling chamber and the clarified water will be recycled. Effluent from Gas Cleaning Plant (GCP) will be treated in clarifloculators and the sludge generated will be collected in sludge pond.  Phenolic water from the coke oven will be treated and reused for quenching of hot coke.  The cyanide and thio-cyanate in coke oven effluent will be removed by precipitating with Sodium hypochlorites. Tar and ammonia water will be separated. Ammonia water will be taken to settling tank. Tar mist drops and Naphthalene in the gas will be removed by high performance bee hive electric trap. BOD and SS will be reduced. Wastewater from slab caster unit will be treated in scale pit where the coarse sized iron scales and the oil will get separated. The treated water will be recycled. Wastewater from Bar and rod mills will be provided with separate treatment plant having facilities like Scale pit, settling chamber, pressure filter and thickener. The waste water from the scrubber of gas based DRI plant will be treated in clarifier. The treated waste water will be recycled to the cooling circuit. Effluent from the de-mineralization plant will be neutralized in neutralization pit.  Oil and grease in the contaminated water will be removed by means of oil traps and skimming devices. All the cooling tower blowdown will be used for ash handling, dust suppression and green belt development.  Sewage will be treated in Sewage Treatment Plant.  No effluent will be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge will be adopted.

 

Coal fines, middlings from caol washery, dolochar and coal will be used in CBC boiler. EAF/IF slag will be used for road construction or filling low lying areas.  Balance slag will be dumped for land filling at a separate earmarked area.  BF slag will be granulated and used in cement plants. Fly ash will be used in the proposed cement plant or brick manufacturing.  Mill scale will be used as raw material for sinter plant.  Scrap will be recycled to SMS. Sinter dust, BG flue dust, EAF dust will be used in sinter plant. Scrap, scales, mill scales, mill scraps will be used in EAF/IF. Tar slag will be sent to coal yard.

 

Green belt will be developed in 33 % area. Total power requirement will be 1,215 MW and CPP is proposed. During presentation, PAs revised the power requirement to 1,174 MW which would be initially met from Damodar Valley Corporation and later from CPP after its commissioning.

 

1.      A complete chapter on the cement grinding unit proposed alongwith all the MOU signed with other organization for the installation of plant, supply of clinker alongwith a note on generation and utilization of fly ash and BF slag.

2.      Complete details of manufacturing of ferro alloys with justification for the use of Manganese ore (4,46,800 TPA) as raw material.

3.      Break up of captive power plant based on WHRB (125 MW) and utilization of gases for different purposes in the plant.

4.      Energy balance for the captive power plant (1,215 MW) and WHRB (125 MW).

5.      A write up on adoption of air cooled condenser in the proposed captive power plant.

6.      A write up on adopting dry quenching method in the coke oven plant.

7.      A note on wainwater harvesting with quantity and and its utilization for different purposes in the plant.

8.      Detailed rehabilitation & resettlement plan indicating clearly no. of villages/persons affected, homestead oustees, land oustees, landless labourers their profession, compensation details like house for house, land for land or amount to be provided in lieu of house/agricultural land including other facilities. A copy of R & R plan prepared in consultation with Govt. of West Bengal should be submitted.

9.      Status of environmental clearance for the captive mines (Iron ore as well as Cement) and copies of the letters indicating tie up with coal mines should be submitted.

10.  ‘MOU’ signed with JBIL and Govt. of West Bengal for the allocation of Jagnathpur ‘B’ block.

11.  Trace material analysis for all the raw materials particularly coal to be obtained from China and local sources alongwith the storage plan.

12.  Possibility of transport of BF slag through pipe line in the form of slurry.

13.  Time bound action plan with item-wise details with at least 5 % of the total cost of the project earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility.

14.  Action plant to ensure implementation to the commitments made to the public during the Public hearing meeting held on 31st October, 2009 with separate budget for implementing the same.

15.  Break up of Rs 1,344.21 Crores and Rs. 128.60 Crores earmarked towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures.

 

The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the West Bengal Pollution Control Board on 28th October, 2009. The issues raised including employment, local development work, pollution control measures, reduction in water consumption etc. have satisfactorily been incorporated in the final EIA/EMP report.

           

 

4.5              Integrated Steel Plant at Village Bharatpur, Bhatapara, District Raipur, Chhattisgarh by M/s Real Ispat & Power Ltd. (EC) 

 

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Draft Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 94th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) held during 12th-14th May, 2009 for preparation of EIA/EMP.   All the Integrated steel plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.   

 

               Additionally, PAs informed to the Committee that M/s Real Ispat & Power Ltd. have proposed for Mini Integrated Steel Plant at Village Bharatpur, Tehsil Bhatapara, District Raipur Chhattisgarh. Total land required is 300 acres, out of which 49.13 acre Govt. land is yet to be acquired. No forest land and reserve forest is involved. The proposal is not located in the area banned by the Govt. of Chhattisgarh for installation of coal based sponge iron plant and CPP. No national park/wild life sanctuary/reserve forest is located within 10 km radius of the project site. Total cost of the project is revised during presentation from Rs. 720.00 Crores to Rs. 1,178.00 Crores.  Rs 50.00 Crores and Rs. 2.50 Crores are earmarked towards capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environment pollution control measures.Earlier, PAs informed that following will be the details of the facilities to be installed and products to be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Name of the unit

Plant configuration

Annual production capacity

1

Coal Washery

--

1.5 MTPA

2

Pelletization Plant

--

0.6 MTPA

3

Sponge iron plant

4x350 TPD

0.4 MTPA

4

Sinter Plant

36 m2

0.3 MTPA

5

Blast furnace with PCM

2x250 M3

0.3 MTPA

6

Steel Melting shop with CCM

4x15 MT & 4x8 MT/Heat

0.3 MTPA

7

Rolling Mill

2x500 TPD

0.3 MTPA

8

Oxygen Plant

2x500 TPD

3.0 MCMPA

9

Coke Oven Plant (Non-recovery)

--

0.3 MTPA

10

Ferro Alloy Plant

4x9 MVA

0.06 MTPA

11

Total Power Generation

     WHRB from sponge iron plant

     WHRB with Pig iron plant

     WHRB from coke oven plant

     Power plant through FBC

--

 

 

140 MW

32 MW

8 MW

20 MW

80 MW

 

During presentation, PAs revised the plant configuration as given below :

 

S.N.

Name of the unit

Plant configuration

Annual production capacity

1

Coal Washery

--

1.70 MTPA

2

Pelletization Plant

--

0.6 MTPA

3

Sponge iron plant

6x350 TPD & 3x100 TPD

0.72 MTPA

4

Sinter Plant

36 m2

0.3 MTPA

5

Blast furnace with PCM

2x250 M3

0.3 MTPA

6

Steel Melting shop with CCM

4x15 MT & 4x8 MT/Heat

0.3 MTPA

7

Rolling Mill

2x500 TPD

0.3 MTPA

8

Oxygen Plant

2x500 TPD

3.0 MCMPA

9

Coke Oven Plant

--

0.3 MTPA

10

Ferro Alloy Plant

4x9 MVA

0.06 MTPA

11

Total Power Generation

         WHRB from sponge iron plant

         WHRB with pig iron plant

         WHRB from coke oven plant

         Power plant through FBC

--

 

 

162 MW

54 MW

8 MW

20 MW

80 MW

 

Iron ore (1,84,300 TPA, DRI & MBF), iron ore fines (8,58,600 TPA) + Sinter), Coal (5,20,000 TPA) for DRI Plant, Coal (1,35,000 TPA for FBC power, coal (4,20,000 TPA (Cpke oven and Dolomite fines  (38.400 TPA) will be used as raw material.  

 

            Non-recovery type of coke oven will be installed where coal will be carbonized at 12000C under oxidizing atmosphere with negative pressure inside the ovens.  Washed coal will be produced using coal beneficiation process, BF grade coke will be produced in coke oven plant. Pig Iron will be produced in mini blast furnace (MBF).  Production of sponge iron from iron ore, coal & limestone will be carried out.  The waste flue gases from the kiln as well as coke oven will pass through WHRB and power will be generated.  Later, this sponge iron / pig Iron will be melted in induction furnaces alongwith scrap to produce M.S. billets/ingots. These billets/ingots will be fed to a rolling mill to produce TMT Bars/structural steels.  The char and dolochar generated from the sponge iron will be used in AFBC Boiler as fuel and power will be generated. Pellets will be produced by using rotary grate kiln. A railway siding is also proposed.

           

            Iron ore fines will be grinded in ball mill (iron beneficiation Plant).  The concentrate will be fed to thickener and subsequently to filter unit.  The filter cake will be sent to pellet plant to produce green pellets.  Sponge iron will be produced in DRI kiln. Hot metal produced in BF will be cast in pig casting machine to produce cold pigs.  Sponge/pig iron will be charged into IF and EAF to produce billets/Ingots/blooms. Billets will be heated in re-heating furnace.  Ferro alloy plant will produce ferro alloys. Clean coal will be produced in coal washery.  Non-recovery type of coke oven plant will be installed to produce coke.  Power will be generated through coke oven, blast furnace, AFBC & WHRB (162 MW).

 

            Ambient air quality is monitored at 8 locations during December, 2008 to February, 2009 and data submitted indicated average SPM (82.7 ug/m3), RPM (32.4 ug/m3), SO2 (5.6 ug/m3), NOx (6.5 ug/m3) and are within the permissible limits. Maximum GLS will be 1.3, 17.9 & 9.1 ug/m3 and will be 40.9, 25.7 and 18.2 ug/m3 respectively.

 

                        ESP will be provided to WHRB, AFBC, Sinter Plant, and Pellet Plant to control SPM within 50 mg/Nm3.  Hot gases from the rotary kiln will be passed through dust settling chamber (DSC), after burning chamber (ABC) and waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB) and ESP to control emission less than 50 mg/Nm3.  Stacks of adequate height will also be provided.  Dust catchers followed by ventury scrubber will be provided to MBF units.  Fume extraction system will be provided to SMS.  Flue gases from rolling mill will be let out through a stack (47 m).  BF top gases will be cleaned in dust catcher and gas cleaning system.  All the flue gases from FBC, WHRB, BF & coke oven will be used heating stoves and ladle furnace and excess in generating power. Water sprinkling will be done in unload areas to control fugitive emissions. Fume extraction system with bag filter will be provided to ferro alloy plant, induction furnace and CCM.  All conveyors will be completely covered with GI sheets. Dust extraction system with bag filter will be provided at material transfer points, chamber area, cooler discharge, product separation area to control dust emission.  Fugitive emissions will be controlled by water sprinkling.  All the internal roads will be asphalted.

 

Total water requirement from Shivnath River will be 23,500 m3/day instead of 25,000 m3/day earlier proposed and permission has been accorded for 6 million m3/year by the Water Resource Department, Govt. of C.G. vide letter dated 17th December, 2009. No effluent will be generated from Pellet Plant, Sinter Plant, DRI, Coke oven plant, coal washery, SMS and rolling mills as close circuit cooling system will be adopted.  Acidic and alkaline effluent from DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank. In coke oven, water quenching is proposed but committee asked PAs to adopt dry quenching instead of wet quenching.  All the effluent will be treated and used for dust suppression and green belt development.  Part of the effluent will be recycled into the DRI plant and rolling mill to be used as cooling water.  Service water will be passed through an oil separator to remove oil content.  Effluent from gas cleaning plant (GCP) of blast furnace will be treated in settling tank. No effluent will be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge will be adopted.  All the effluent will be mixed in central Monitoring Basin with cooling tower.  No effluent will be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge will be adopted.  Sanitary wastewater will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  .

 

Char/dolochar (1,26,000 TPA) and middling from coal washery will be used in AFBC boiler as fuel.  Ash (4,62,000 TPA) from ESP of FBC & WHRB and bag filters dust will be given to cement plants/bricks manufacturing units. Granulated slag (90,000 TPA) will be given to cement plants.  SMS slag from EAF & IF will be used for road construction after recovery of iron.  Mill scales (15,000 TPA), Iron ore fines, limestone, dolomites, coke breeze, flue dust, sinter renters will be used in Sinter Plant to produce BF sinter to be used in BF. BF slag will be granulated and used in cement plants. ‘MOU’ is signed with M/s Ultratech for the supply of fly ash and slg vide letter dated 15th July, 2009. Waste oil (1000 l/annum) will be given to CPCB approved recyclers. Risk assessment and disaster management plant is included in EIA/EMP in chapter 7.

           

Green belt will be developed in 100 acres (33%) out of total 300 acres.  30 m wide green belt around the project site is proposed. Total power requirement will be 80 MW through AFBC boiler.  Washery rejects (3,75,000 TPA), Dolochar (1,16,000 TPA), Coal (1,143 MTPA) will be used as fuel.  FO / LDO will be used in re-heating furnace. 

 

Public hearing meeting was conducted by the Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board on 31st October, 2009. The issues raised included employment, playground, pollution control measures, plantation, noise control, rain water harvesting etc. The Committee deliberated upon the issues raised during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting conducted by the Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board on 31st October, 2009 and have satisfactorily been incorporated in the final EIA/EMP report.

           

PAs also clarified that although Raipur is listed in the list of CEPI in the OM dated 13th January, 2010, project is located at 70 km from the Raipur city and 59 km from Siltara critically polluted area and is not applicable in their case.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee has recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions alongwith other environmental conditions :

 

1.      Efforts should be made to reduce RSPM levels in the ambient air and a time bound action plan should be submitted. On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), gas cleaning system, dust catcher, ventury scrubber, bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.  

 

2.      Dry quenching should be adopted in the coke oven plant.  All the standards prescribed for the coke oven plants should be followed as per the latest guidelines. Proper and full utilization of coke oven gases in power plant using heat recovery steam generators should be ensured and no flue gases should be discharged into the air.

 

3.      The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

4.      Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed. New standards for the sponge iron plant issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 should be followed.

 

5.      Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) should be provided to WHRB, AFBC, Sinter Plant, and Pellet Plant to control SPM levels within 50 mg/Nm3. Hot gases from DRI kiln should be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then should be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack. Dust catchers followed by ventury scrubber should be provided to mini blast furnace (MBF).  BF top gases should be cleaned in dust catcher and gas cleaning system. Fume extraction system should be provided to steel melting shop (SMS). Fume extraction system with bag filter should be provided to ferro alloy plant, induction furnace and CCM.  Flue gases from rolling mill should be let out through a stack. All the flue gases from FBC, WHRB, BF & coke oven should be used in heating stoves and ladle furnace and excess in generating power.

 

6.      Vehicular pollution due to transportation of raw material and finished product should be controlled.  Proper arrangements should also be made to control dust emissions during loading and unloading of the raw material and finished product.

 

7.      Total water requirement from Shivnath River should not exceed 23,500 m3/day as per the ‘Permission’ accorded by by the Water Resource Department, Govt. of C.G. vide letter dated 17th December, 2009. Closed circuit cooling system should be provided to pellet plant, sinter plant, DRI, coal washery, SMS and rolling mills reduce water consumption and water requirement should be modified accordingly. Acidic and alkaline effluent from DM Plant should be neutralized in neutralization tank.  Effluent from gas cleaning plant (GCP) of blast furnace should be treated in settling tank. All the effluent should be treated and used for dust suppression and green belt development. No effluent should be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge should be adopted.  Service water should be passed through an oil separator to remove oil content. Sanitary wastewater should be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.

 

8.      Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

9.      Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, CECB and CPCB.

 

10.  ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

11.  The water consumption should not exceed 16 m3/Ton of Steel as per prescribed standard.

 

12.  All the standards prescribed for the coke oven plants should be followed as per the latest guidelines. Proper and full utilization of coke oven gases in power plant using heat recovery steam generators should be ensured and no flue gases should be discharged into the air.

 

13.  Iron ore fines, mill scales, limestone, dolomites, coke breeze, flue dust, sinter renters should be used in sinter plant to produce sinter and should be used in blast furnace.  

 

14.  All the char / dolochar from DRI plant and middling from coal washery should be utilized in AFBC boiler of power plant and no char should be disposed off anywhere else. AFBC boiler should be installed simultaneously alongwith the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning. All the blast furnace (BF) slag should be granulated and provided to cement manufacturers for further utilization as per the MOU signed with M/s Ultratech for the supply of slag vide letter dated 15th July, 2009. SMS slag from EAF & IF should be properly utilized after recovery of iron. All the other solid waste including broken refractory mass should be properly disposed off in environment-friendly manner. Waste oil should be given to CPCB approved recyclers.

 

15.  Slag produced in Ferro Manganese (Fe-Mn) production should be used in manufacture Silico Manganese (Si-Mn). No Ferro-Chrome (Fe-Cr) should be manufactured without proper approval from the Ministry.

 

16.  All the ferro alloy slag should be used for land filling inside the plant or used as building material only after passing through Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test.  Toxic slag should be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. Otherwise, hazardous substances should be recovered from the slag and output waste and be disposed in secured landfill as per CPCB guidelines. 

 

17.  Proper utilization of fly ash should be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003. All the fly ash should be provided to cement and brick manufacturers for further utilization as per the ‘Memorandum of Understanding’ signed with M/s Ultratech for the supply of fly ash vide letter dated 15th July, 2009 and a copy should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal.

 

18.  Proper handling, storage, utilization and disposal of all the solid waste should be ensured and regular report regarding toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition, end use of solid/hazardous waste should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, CECB and CPCB. 

 

19.  A time bound action plan should be submitted to reduce solid waste, its proper utilization and disposal.

 

20.  A Risk and Disaster Management Plan alongwith the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, CECB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

21.  As proposed, green belt should be developed in 33 % area.

 

22.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

23.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public hearing meeting held on 31st October, 2009 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal.

 

24.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal.  Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 

4.6              Ferro Alloy Plant (60 MVA, 1,40,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (65 MW) at Khasra No. 837 and 841/1 Sirgitti Industrial Area, District Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh by M/s Vandana Global Ltd. (EC)

 

PAs vide their letter no. VGL/HO/ENV/2009-10 dated 24th February, 2010 have requested for the postponement of the presentation due to unavoidable reasons. Project authorities didn’t attend the meeting and it was decided that proposal should be considered afresh whenever requested by the PAs.

 

 

4.7              Mini Integrated Steel Plant (Sponge Iron, Billets, Rolled Products, Ferro Alloys) alongwith Captive Power Plant (20 MW) at Kh. Nos. 26, 39/2, 49/3, 49/4, 27, 31/2, 16/2, 20/3, 29 31/3, 49/5, 49/6, 20/2, 17, 20/1, 35, 49/2, 49/7, 19, Village Chiraipani, Tehsil Raigarh, District Raigarh, Chhattisgarh by M/s Narmada Sponge & Power (Pvt.) Limited. (TORs)

The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the steel plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

M/s Narmada Sponge & Power (Pvt) Limited have proposed for the Mini Integrated Steel Plant (Sponge Iron, Billets, Rolled Products, Ferro Alloys) alongwith Captive Power Plant (20 MW) at Kh. Nos. 26, 39/2, 49/3, 49/4, 27, 31/2, 16/2, 20/3, 29 31/3, 49/5, 49/6, 20/2, 17, 20/1, 35, 49/2, 49/7, 19, Village Chiraipani, Tehsil Raigarh, District Raigarh, Chhattisgarh. Total land required is 46.215 acres, out of which 24,766 acre land is acquired and remining is under acquisition. No rehabilitation and resettlement is involved. Raigarh is at 9 km.  Proposed Mini Integrated Steel Plant is not located in the area banned by the State Govt. of Chhattisgarh (Urla, Borjhara & Siltara).  Lakha PF (0.2 km), Urdana RF (0.9 km) and Taraimal RF (3.0 km) are located within 10 km radius of the project. Permission is under process from the State Forest Department regarding the impact of the proposed plant on the surrounding reserve forests.  Kako River is at 2.3 km. Hospital and schools are located within 1 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 192.00 Crores.  Rs. 16.00 Crores and Rs. 60.00 Lakhs/annum are earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures. There is no litigation/court case in pending against the proposal. Following will be manufactured:

 Products

Production Capacity

Sponge Iron (4x100 TPD)

1,20,000 TPA

Billets (Induction Furnace, 4x10 TPH)

1,00,000 TPA

Rolled Products / structural Steels (Rolling Mill, 1x400 TPD)

1,20,000 TPA

Power

                       WHRB (4x2 MW)

                       FBC (2x6 MW)

20 MW

8 MW

12 MW

Ferro Alloys   (2x6 MVA)  Fe-Mn

                                        Fe-Si

                                        i-Mn

24,700 TPA

8,500 TPA

19,000 TPA

 

            Iron ore (640 TPD), coal (520 TPD), Limestone (20 TPD), Coal (72 TPD), Mn Ore (56,810 TPA) will be used as raw materials.

 

            PAs informed to the Committee that sponge Iron will be manufactured using Iron ore, coal dolomite as raw materials.  Billets will be manufactured using sponge Iron, scrap and ferro alloys as raw materials. Rolled products, structural steels will be manufactured using billets. Power will be generated receiving waste hot gases from sponge iron and by using dolochar and coal as raw material in FBC boiler. Ferro-Manganese will be produced using Mn ore and coke as raw material. Powers details of all the products including sponge iron, steel ingots & billets, continuous casting machine, ladle furnace, rolling mill, WHRB, AFBC, Ferro Alloy plants are submitted.

State-of-the-art ESPs will be installed to DRI kiln, WHRB & AFBC boiler stack to control SPM within 50 mg/Nm3. Hot gases from DRI kiln will pass through dust settling Chamber (DSL) and after burning chamber (ABC) and then WHRB & ESP. Dust suppression methods will be provided in unloading areas. Fume extraction system (suction hood & Cyclone Separator) with bag filters will be provided to treat the gases and secondary fugitive emissions from the SMS and ferro alloy plant.  All the conveyor belts will be completely covered with GI sheets. Ash will be stored in ash silos. Dust extraction system with bag filters will be provided in coal crushing & sourcing, cooler discharge area, product separation areas etc. Water spraying will be done to prevent dust emanation due to vehicular movement.

Total ground water requirement from bore wells will be 900 m3/day. ‘Permission’ for the drawl of 900 m3/day ground water from Central Ground Water Board is obtained from CGWA vide letter dated 11th May, 2009. No effluent will be generated from the DRI plant, SMS, rolling mill and submerged ore furnace (SEAF) due to adoption of closed circuit cooling system. Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank. Boiler blow down will be neutralized in the neutralization tank before mixing with other effluent streams.  After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a central monitoring basin. The treated effluent will be used for ash conditioning, dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Sanitary waste crusher will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

  

            Char/dolochar (120 TPD), ash (120 TPD), SMS slag (330 TPD), mill scales (20 TPD), Ferro-Manganese slag (19,760 TPA) will be generated.  Char/dolochar will be used in AFBC boiler as fuel. Ash from ESP of FBC boiler & WHRB will be given to cement plants/brick manufacturers. Bag filter dust will be given to brick / agarbatti manufacturers.  IF slag will be used in road construction, railway ballast etc. Mill scales will be recycled back into induction furnace. Slag from Fe-Si will be given to cast iron foundaries. S-Mn slag wil be used for road construction. Fe-Mn slag will be used to manufacture Si-Mn manufacturers.  Waste/used oil (1000 l/annum) and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors.

 

            Out of total 46.213 acres, 33% will be used as green belt.    Noise enclosures will be provided to turbines. Ambient noise levels will be in accordance with MoEF notification dated 14th February, 2000 i.e. within 75 dBA during day time and 70 dBA during night time. Dolochar (120 TPD) and coal (72 TPD) will be used as fuel in FBC boiler (12 MW).  FO/LDO will be used in reheating furnace.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the EAC (Industry-1), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.            Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.            A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

3.            Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

4.            Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

5.            Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

6.            Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

7.            Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

8.            Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests viz. Lakha PF, Urdana RF and Taraimal RF should be included.

9.            A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

10.        Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

11.        List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

12.        Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

13.        Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

14.        If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

15.        Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

16.        Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

17.        Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

18.        Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

19.        Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

20.        Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

21.     Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

22.      Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

23.        The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

24.        Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

25.        Air quality modeling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

26.        Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

27.        Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

                          i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                         ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

                       iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                       iv)      Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                        v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                       vi)      Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

                     vii)      Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

                    viii)      No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                       ix)      Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                        x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                       xi)      Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

28.        A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

29.        Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

30.        One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

31.        An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

32.        Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

33.        Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

34.        Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

35.        Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

36.        Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

37.        Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

38.        Permission for the drawl of 900 m3/day ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

39.        A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

40.        Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

41.        If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

42.        A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

43.        Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

44.        If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

45.        Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

46.        The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

47.        Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

48.        Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

49.        Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

50.        A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

51.        End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

52.        All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

53.        Commitment that no ferro chrome shall be manufactured without prior approval of the Ministry.

54.        Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

55.        Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

56.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

57.        Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

58.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans;  Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water;  Action Plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included.

59.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

60.        Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures.

61.        Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

62.        A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

63.        Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

64.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 

 1.        Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

 

(a)         Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(b)         If not, then by when is that expected?

(c)         Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(d)         What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(e)         Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA?s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board (CECB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

 

4.8              Integrated Steel Plant (1.0 MTPA) at Bhojudih, District Bokaro, Jharkhand by M/s Ozone Industries Private Limited. (TORs)

 

PAs vide their letter dated 27th February, 2010 have informed that they are not able to participate in the discussion on 2nd March, 2010 and have requested for attending next meeting. Since PAs didn’t attend the meeting, it was decided by the Cmmittee that proposal should be considered afresh as per the fresh priority viz. 27th February, 2010.

 

 

4.9              Expansion of Steel Plant by installing Sponge Iron Plant (2,00,000 TPA), Iron Ore Benefication Plant (3,00,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (64 MW; WHRB, 16 MW & AFBC 40 MW) at Village Jamgaon-Manuapalli, Tehsil & District Raigarh, Chhattisgarh by M/s MSP Steel & Power Limited (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

           M/s MSP Steel & Power Limited have proposed for the Expansion of Steel Plant by installing Sponge Iron Plant (2,00,000 TPA), Iron Ore Benefication Plant (3,00,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (64 MW; WHRB, 16 MW & AFBC 40 MW) at Village Jamgaon-Manuapalli, Tehsil & District Raigarh, Chhattisgarh.  Total project area is revised from 550 acres to 600 acres out of which 300 acres land is existing and 300 acres land is under acquisition.  Proposed expansion will be carried out in land adjoin the existing plant premises.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 313.00 Crores.  Following are the details of the existing and products will be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Manufacturing Unit

Product

Existing Capacity

(TPA)

Under Implementation

(TPA)

(EC accorded in Aug., 2009)

Proposed

Additions

(TPA)

Total capacity (TPA)

1.

DRI Kiln

Sponge Iron

2,00,000

2,00,000

2,00,000

6,00,000

2.

Induction Furnace/

Electric Arc Furnace

Ingot/

Billet/

Slab

95,000

6,00,000

--

6,95,000

3.

Rolling Mill

Rolled Products

80,000

4,00,000

--

4,80,000

4.

Blast Furnace

Liquid Metal / Pig Iron

---

4,00,000

--

4,00,000

5.

Sinter Plant

Sinter

--

6,41,520

--

6,41,520

6.

Coal Washery

Clean Coal

--

7,20,000

--

7,20,000

7.

I/O Processing / Beneficiation / Agglomeration Unit

Iron

Concentrate

/ Pellet

3,00,000

3,00,000

3,00,000

9,00,000

8.

Power Plant through

Waste Heat Recovery

Electricity

16 MW

16 MW

16 MWM

48 MW

AFBC

--

20 MW

40 MW

60 MW

 

            Iron ore fines, coal and bentonite for pellet plant and iron ore lumps, washed coal and dolomite for sponge from plant will be used as raw materials. Coal block in State of Chhattisgarh is approved in the name of M/s Madanpur Coal Co. Ltd. Iron ore mining in Durgkondal, Kanker, Chhattisgarh has been accorded prospecting license for iron ore mining.

 

            Iron ore fines will be beneficiated in the beneficiation plant and green pellets will be made in pellet plant by using traveling grate-rotary kiln method. Sponge iron will be manufactured using pellets, coal and dolomite in DRI Kiln. Hot flue gases from the DRI Kiln will be passed through WHRB and ESP and used for power generation. Char will be used in AFBC boiler to generate power.

            Hot flue gases from DRI Kiln will pass through dust settling chamber (DSC), after burning chamber (ABC), WHRB and ESPs and clean gases will be discharged trough stack of adequate height. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) will be provided to pellet plant, DRI kiln WHRB and FBC boiler to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3. Dust suppression system will be provided in unloading areas.  Dust extraction system with bag filters will be provided in coal crushing and screening, cooler discharge area and product separation area etc.  Water spraying will be done to prevent dust emanation due to vehicular movement.

Total water requirement from the River Kurnala will be 6,211 m3/day.  Closed circuit cooling system will be adopted in the pellet as DRI plant and no effluent will be discharged.  Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank.  Boiler blow down will be neutralized in the neutralization tank before mixing with other effluent streams.  After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a Central Monitoring Basin. The treated effluent will be used for ash conditioning, dust suppression and green belt development.  Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Sanitary Waste water will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted.

 

            Char/dolachar from DRI kilns and rejects & middlings from coal washery will be used in AFBC plant.  Fly ash will be utilized as per MoEF norms mentioned in Fly Ash Notification.  Fly ash will be given to brick/cement manufacturers.  Waste / used / spent oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors. 

 

Green belt will be developed in 33 % area. Noise enclosures will be provided to turbines.  Ambient noise levels will be controlled within 75 dB(A) during day time and 70 dB(A) during night time as per Notification dated 14th February, 2000. Power requirement (55MW) will be met from proposed WHRB (16 MW) and AFBC (40 MW) boiler.  It is mentioned that 2 MW power will be consumed in coal washery and DRI kiln and balance will be sold to Lanco Electricity Utility (N) a power trading Co.)

 

After deliberations, the committee observed that :

 

1.      Existing sponge iron plant is in operation since 2005 after obtaining ‘Consent for Establishment’ from the Chhattisgarh Environment Conservation Board.

 

2.      Environment clearance for the the project under implementation is accorded by the Ministry in August, 2009 and will take another 6 months for commissioning.

 

3.      PAs have applied for acquisition of additional 300 acres land.

 

Since environment clearance accorded by the Ministry in August, 2009 is not implemented so far and will take another 6 months for commissioning of the plant, proposed expansion can’t be considered as expansion and nothing is implemented on ground. Proposal is still not commissioned till date.  The committee decided that proposal should be submitted only after implementation of the project, for which environment clearance was accorded by the Ministry in August, 2009 or otherwise, surrender environment clearance for the existing plant and apply for the total expansion.  Proposed expansion project can not be considered at this stage and is rejected.

 

 

4.10          Expansion of Steel Plant (Rolled Products 1,40,000 TPA to 9,20,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (WHRB, 18 MW, CFBC, 105 MW) and Oxygen Plant (50 TPD) at New Gummidipoondi, District Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu by M/s Suryadev Alloys & Power Private Ltd. (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

M/s Suryadev Alloys & Power Private Ltd. have proposed for the  expansion of Steel Plant (Rolled Products 1,40,000 TPA to 9,20,000 TPA) alongwith Captive Power Plant (WHRB, 18 MW; CFBC, 105 MW) and Oxygen Plant (50 TPD) at New Gummidipoondi, District Thiruvallur, Tamil Nadu.  The total land area will be 119.01 acres including the existing & proposed activities. Total existing project area is 29.01 acres. Out of 90 acres required for the proposed expansion, 49.05 acres has already been acquired.  The balance is under acquisition. No forest land is involved. Palavakkam reserve forest is 4.2 km away from the site.  Tamil Nadu-A.P. border is at 14 km.  Total cost of the project is Rs. 1,500.00 Crores and Rs. 25.00 Crores are allocated for pollution control measures. Existing plant is in operation after obtaining Environmental Clearance from MoEF vide letter no. J-11011/405/2006-IA-II(I) dated 13th September, 2007 and ‘Consent to Establish’ from TNPCB vide letter no. 4119–Air dated 07.11.07 & Consent Order no. 4175–Water dated 7th November, 2007. Following will be manufactured:

 

S.N.

Products

Existing (TPA)

Proposed additional  (TPA)

Upon expansion

(TPA)

1.

Rolled Products

1,40,000

7,60,000

9,00,000

2.

Intermediate Product – Billets

1,40,000

7,80,000

9,20,000

3.

Sponge Iron

--

2,31,000

2,31,000

4.

Power Plant – WHRB

--

18 MW

18 MW

5.

Power Plant – CFBC

--

3x35 MW

3x35 MW

6.

Oxygen Plant

--

50 TPD

50 TPD

  

            Scrap/cast iron pieces, DRI, ferro alloys, ramming mars, refractories for IF; iron ore, coal, dolomite & limestone/quartz for DRI plant; coal for producer gas and power plant will be used as raw materials. No pig iron will be used.

 

            DRI-IF-AOD/LRF-CCM-RM route will be followed. Scrap and sponge iron will be melted in induction furnace (IF) and after complete melting, high carbon Fe-Cr will be added, poured to transfer ladle and then to AOD converter.  After achieving the carbon level, melt will be subject to de-oxidation and removal of Chromium and Manganese from the slag. After removing the slag, metal is tapped into ladles and then transferred to continuous casting machine to cast into billets and finally rolled in rolling mills at 1050–12500c to long products (TMT Bars, wire rod coils, sounds, structural steel etc.) of required size and grade. Iron ore, non-coking coal, dolomite/limestone will be preheated and reduced to sponge iron in rotary kiln.  Sponge iron, char and dolochar will be cooled in converter at 800c and separated as magnetic and non-magnetic. Captive power plant (WHRB, 18 MW) and (FBC 105 MW) will also be installed to make use of flue gases from DRI plant in WHRB and char/dolochar in FBC.

            Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) to rotary kiln and CFBC boiler will be provided.  Cyclone, bag filter and stacks of adequate height will be provided to electric IF, EAF etc.  Producer gas will be used in reheating furnace and ID fan and stack will be provided. Fume extraction system will be provided to the induction furnace. Stacks will be provided to the induction furnace, reheating furnace, power plant and rotary kiln and DG sets to achieve particulate emissions within 150 mg/Nm3 but committee asked to achieve 50 mg/Nm3.  Roads will be black topped to prevent fugitive emissions. Coal / iron ore storage areas will be provided with water sprinklers. Bag filters will be provided to crusher and at transfer points. Closed conveyors will be provided for transporting coal / iron ore.

Total ground water requirement from bore wells after expansion will be 900 m3/day and are in the process of obtaining clearance for additional drawal of ground water. Acidic and alkaline effluent from cation and anion units of DM Plant will be neutralized in neutralization tank.  Boiler blow down will be neutralized in the neutralization tank before mixing with other effluent streams.  After neutralization, these two effluents will be mixed with cooling tower blow down in a cooling pond and then to guard pond. The treated effluent will be used for dust suppression and green belt development. Service water will be passed through oil separator to remove oil content in the effluent.  Domestic sewage will be treated in sewage treatment plant (STP) and used for green belt development within the plant premises.  No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and ‘Zero’ discharge will be adopted. 

 

            Slag from Induction furnace and fly ash (391 TPD) will be sold to cement manufacturers. At present slag is being stored. About 8-Acres of land is identified within the plant site of the expansion facility wherein total slag generated can be stored for 3 years. Meanwhile, PAs are in process of identifying consumers in Highways / Cement Industries etc. Bottom ash (168 TPD) will be sold to brick manufacturers. Dolochar (119 TPD) will be used in CFBC boiler.  Waste / used / spent oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers / re-processors.

 

Green belt is developed in 7.5 acres of existing land out of 29.01 acres and will be developed in 25 acres out of additional of 90 acres area. The committee emphasized green belt in total 33 %. Total power requirement will be 123 MW and generated through captive power plant (WHRB 35 MW and CFBC 105 MW).  DG sets (1x500, 1x600, 2x750 KVA) will be installed for emergency purpose. No litigation / court case is in pending against the proposal/land.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the EAC (Industry-1), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.      Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.      A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

3.      Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

4.      Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

5.      Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

6.      Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

7.      Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

8.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding Palavakkam reserve forest should be included.

9.      A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

10.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

11.  List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

12.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

13.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

14.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

15.  Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

16.  Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

17.  Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

18.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

19.  Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

20.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

21.  Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

22.  Data on existing ambient air, stack emission, fugitive emissions data; water requirement and water balance cycle; generation, re-utilization and disposal of solid/ hazardous waste for the existing plant and predicted increase in pollution load (GLCs) due to proposed expansion should be incorporated.

23.  Point-wise compliance to the specific and general conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance for the existing plant.

24.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

25.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

26.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

27.  Air quality modeling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

28.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

29.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

                    i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                   ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

                 iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                 iv)      Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                  v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                 vi)      Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

               vii)      Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

              viii)      No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                 ix)      Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                  x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                 xi)      Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

30.        A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

31.        Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

32.        One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

33.        An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

34.        Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

35.        Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

36.        Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

37.        Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

38.        Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

39.        Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

40.        Permission for the drawl of 900 m3/day ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

41.        A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

42.        Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

43.        If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

44.        A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

45.        Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

46.        If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

47.        Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

48.        The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

49.        Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

50.        Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

51.        Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

52.        A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

53.        End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

54.        All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

55.        Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

56.        Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

57.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

58.        Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

59.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included

60.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

61.        Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

62.        Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

63.        A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

64.        Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

65.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 

 1.       Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

 

(a)   Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(b)   If not, then by when is that expected?

(c)   Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(d)   What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(e)   Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

  2.       Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and   reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the  Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board (TNPCB) for conducting public hearing as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

                       

4.11          Expansion of Sponge Iron Plant (50 TPD to 200 TPD) alongwith installation of Induction Furnace (30,000 TPA), Rolling Mill (75,000 TPA) and Captive Power Plant (4 MW) at Sy. No. 276, Village Halkundi, Taluq & District Bellary, Karnataka by M/s Supra Steel & Power Pvt. Ltd.  (TORs)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Steel Plants are listed at S.N. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgical Industries under Category ‘A’ and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Supra Steel & Power Pvt. Ltd. have proposed to expand its Sponge Iron Plant (50 TPD to 200 TPD) alongwith installation of Induction Ffurnace (30,000 TPA), Rolling Mill (75,000 TPA) and Captive Power Plant (4 MW) at Sy. No. 276, Village Halkundi, Taluq & District Bellary, Karnataka.  Total 18.5 Acres of land has been purchased directly from the villagers. It is informed that Halkundi area is not a notified industrial area.  Proposed unit falls within 10 km distance from the interstate boundary. Total cost of the proposed expansion is Rs. 55.84 Crores. Rs 15.00-20.00 Lakhs are earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures. A copy of ‘Consent to Establish’ and ‘Consent to Operate’ issued by the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board for the existing plant alongwith point-wise compliance report is submitted. Sponge Iron (60,000 TPA), Captive Power Plant (4 MW), Induction Furnace (30,000 TPA) and Rolling Mill (75,000 TPA) will be installed. Following are the details of existing and proposed facilities:

 

S.N

Facility

Capacity

 

Existing

1

Sponge Iron Plant

50 TPD (1x50 TPD)

 

Proposed

1

Sponge Iron Plant

150 TPD (3x50 TPD)

2

Induction furnace

30,000 TPA

3

Rolling Mill

75,000 TPA

4

Captive Power Plant

      WHRB

      FBC

4 MW

1 MW

3 MW

 

The basic raw materials required for sponge iron manufacture will be Iron ore fines, coal, limestone. Bentonite is wrongly mentioned as one of the raw materials.  Sponge iron, pig iron, scrap and ferro alloys will be melted in the Induction furnace.

 

            Sponge iron will be produced in a rotary kiln, where iron ore will be reduced to form sponge iron in presence of coal and limestone. Induction furnace-continuous casting route will be adopted in the proposed steel plant. It is mentioned that gas conditioning tower / WHRB will be used for cooling flue gases from kiln. Sponge iron, pig iron and scrap will be melted in the Induction furnace. The molten metal will be casted into billets through a continuous casting machine. The casted billets will then be heated in a reheating furnace and then hot rolled in a rolling mill to produce structural steel of different sections and sizes. The waste gases from the kiln will be let into the waste heat boiler to generate steam for power generation. Coal fines/char/dolochar will be fired in a FBC boiler to generate steam, which will be used for power generation.

 

            Waste gases from DRI kiln will be passed through dust settling chamber, after burning chamber and a gas conditioning tower / WHRB, where the gases will be cooled. The cooled gases will be sent to electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and the clean gases are let off to atmosphere through a chimney. ESP will be provided to captive power plant. Bag filters and ESP will be provided as air pollution control measures.

 

Total ground water requirement will be 25 m3/hr instead of 489 KLD proposed earlier and permission from CGWA is obtained. Domestic wastewater will be discharged into the sanitary sewage system. Effluents will be treated in Sewage Treatment Plant and the treated water will be used for greenbelt development.

 

Solid wastes generated from proposed plant will be wet scrapper sludge, bag filter dust, fly ash from CPP, mill scales from rolling mill and IF slag. Coal fines and dolochar will be used in FBC boiler for power generation.

 

PAs informed that they have already developed thick green belt (around 33% of total land area) inside the industry premises. Personal protective equipments like ear muffs will be provided to employees working in high noise prone areas. Acoustic lagging / silencers will be provided to noise generating equipment. Power requirement of 1500 KVA (1.5 MW) will be met from Captive Power Plant. DG sets (1000 KVA) will be installed. Light diesel oil will be used as a fuel for kiln start-up and for intermittent use during operation.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the EAC (Industry-1), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.      Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.      A map indicating distance between project site and critically polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

3.      A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

4.      Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

5.      Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

6.      Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

7.      Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

8.      Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

9.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

10.  A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

11.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

12.  List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

13.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

14.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

15.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

16.  Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

17.  Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

18.  Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

19.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

20.  Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

21.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

22.  Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

23.  Data on existing ambient air, stack emission, fugitive emissions data; water requirement and water balance cycle; generation, re-utilization and disposal of solid/ hazardous waste for the existing plant and predicted increase in pollution load (GLCs) due to proposed expansion should be incorporated.

24.  Point-wise compliance to the specific and general conditions stipulated in the ‘Consent to Establish and Operate’ accorded by the Karnataka SPCB for the existing plant.

25.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

26.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

27.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

28.  Air quality modeling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

29.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

30.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

                    i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                   ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

                 iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                 iv)      Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                  v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                 vi)      Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

               vii)      Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

              viii)      No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                 ix)      Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                  x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                 xi)      Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

31.        A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

32.        Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

33.        One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

34.        An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

35.        Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

36.        Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

37.        Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

38.        Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

39.        Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

40.        Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

41.        Permission for the drawl of 25 m3/hr ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

42.        A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

43.        Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

44.        If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

45.        A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

46.        Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

47.        If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

48.        Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

49.        The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

50.        Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

51.        Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

52.        Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

53.        A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

54.        End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

55.        All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

56.        Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

57.        Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

58.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the all the projects should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility for all the 11 projects together at S.N. 4.11 to 4.20 due to location of projects within 3 km. and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

59.        Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

60.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included.

61.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

62.        Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

63.        Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

64.        A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

65.        Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

66.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

 

(a)   Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?

(b)   If not, then by when is that expected?

(c)   Has PDD (Project Design Document) been prepared?

(d)   What is the ‘Carbon intensity’ from your electricity generation projected (i.e. CO2 Tons/MWH or Kg/KWH)

(e)   Amount of CO2 in Tons/year expected to be reduced from the baseline data available on the CEA’s web-site (www.cea.nic.in)

 

2.   Notwithstanding 1(i) above, data on (d) & (e) above to be worked out and reported. 

 

            The Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) decided that PAs may be communicated the above ‘TORs’ for the preparation of EIA/EMP.  As soon as the draft EIA/EMP report is prepared as per the ‘General Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006, the same may be submitted by the PAs to the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) for conducting public hearing for all the 11 projects together at S.N. 4.11 to 4.20 as per EIA Notification, 2006. On finalization of EIA/EMP prepared as per TORs addressing all concerns raised during public hearing/consultation in EIA/EMP should be submitted to the MOEF for prior environmental clearance.

 

4.12          Expansion of Sponge Iron Plant by installation of Induction Furnace (30,000 TPA), Rolling Mill (30,000 TPA) and Captive Power Plant (4 MW) at Sy. No. 286, Village Halkundi, Taluka & District Bellary, Karnataka by M/s Rangineni Steel Pvt. Ltd. - 2 (TOR)

 

           The project authorities and their consultant gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken alongwith the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP All the secondary metallurgical units of capacity 30,000 TPA are kept under Category ‘A’ as per the amended EIA Notification dated 1st December, 2009 and hence, appraised at Central level.

 

            M/s Rangineni Steel Pvt. Ltd. have proposed to expand its Sponge Iron Plant by installation of Induction furnace (30,000 TPA), Rolling Mill (30,000 TPA) and Captive Power Plant (4 MW) at Sy. No. 286, Village Halkundi, Tq. & District Bellary, Karnataka. Proposed unit falls within 10 km distance from the interstate boundary. It is informed that Halkundi area is not a notified industrial area. Total 18 acres land is acquired directly from the villagers for the proposed project.  Total cost of the proposed expansion will be is revised from Rs. 39.50 Crores to Rs. 30.25 Crores. Rs. 15.00-20.00 Lakhs are earmarked towards recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures. Following are the details of existing and proposed facilities:

 

S.N

Facility

Capacity

 

Existing :

1

Sponge Iron Plant

85TPD

(1x50 TPD & 1x 35 TPD)

 

Proposed :

2

Induction furnace

30,000 TPA (7 T)

3

Rolling Mill

30,000 TPA (100 TPD)

4

Captive Power Plant

               WHRB

               AFBC

4 MW

1 MW

3 MW

 

‘Consent to Establish’ for both the kilns and ‘Consent to Operate’ for the existing (85 TPD) kiln is obtained from the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board and a copy is submitted for the existing plant alongwith point-wise compliance report.

 

The basic raw materials required for sponge iron manufacture will be Iron ore fines, coal, limestone. Sponge iron, pig iron, scrap and ferro alloys will be melted in the Induction furnace.

 

                        Induction furnace-continuous casting route will be adopted in the proposed steel plant. Sponge iron from existing unit, pig iron and scrap will be melted in the Induction furnace. The molten metal will be casted into billets through a continuous casting machine. The casted billets will then be heated in a reheating furnace and then hot rolled in a rolling mill to produce structural steel of different sections and sizes. The waste gases from the kiln will be let into the waste heat boiler to generate steam for power generation. Coal fines/ char/dolochar will be fired in a FBC boiler to generate steam, which will be used for power generation.

 

Waste gases from DRI kiln will be passed through dust settling chamber, after burning chamber and a gas conditioning tower / WHRB, where the gases are cooled. The cooled gases will be sent to Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and the clean gases are let off to atmosphere through a chimney. Presently, gas cleaning system with FD cooler and bag filter is provided. In future WHRB will be provided to power plant. ESP will be provided to Captive Power Plant. Wet scrubber / bag filter will be provided to induction furnace. Cyclone separator is proposed for continuous casting machine. Bag filters will be provided in raw material circuit, cooler discharge system and product storage & separation to control fugitive emissions. Covered shed for coal and sponge iron will be provided.

 

Total make-up water requirement will be 489 KLD. Effluents will be treated in Sewage Treatment Plant and the treated water will be used for green belt development. Actual Water requirement is 140 KLD which will be sourced from bore wells. Treated effluent from STP and proposal of getting water from Alamatti (Initiative of irrigation Department, GOK) is submitted.

 

Solid wastes generated from proposed plant will be wet scrapper sludge, bag filter dust, fly ash from CPP, mill scales from rolling mill and IF slag. Coal and dolochar will be used in FBC boiler for power generation. Wet scrapper sludge, bag filter dust will be used in clay bricks. Fly ash will be used for fly ash brick manufacturing unit in and around the location.

 

PAs informed that thick green belt will be developed inside the industry premises. Personal protective equipments like ear muffs will be provided to employees working in high noise prone areas. Acoustic lagging / silencers will be provided to noise generating equipment.

 

            Power requirement of 1500 KVA will be met from Captive Power Plant. Total power requirement will be 5 MW. Break-up of power generated through WHRB and AFBC will be 1 MW from WHRB + 3 MW AFBC.  Three DG sets (1 x 125 KVA, 1 x 200 KVA & 1 x 380 KVA will be installed and High Speed Diesel Oil will be used as fuel. There is no litigation / court case pending against the proposal.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the EAC (Industry-1), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs:

 

1.      Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land viz. lease deed, allotment letter should be included.

2.      A map indicating distance between project site and critically polluted area and a certificate from the CPCB/SPCB certifying the same.

3.      A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

4.      Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

5.      Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/landcover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

6.      Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

7.      Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

8.      Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

9.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

10.  A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

11.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

12.  List of raw material required and source alongwith mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

13.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

14.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

15.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

16.  Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

17.  Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

18.  Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

19.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

20.  Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

21.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

22.  Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

23.  Data on existing ambient air, stack emission, fugitive emissions data; water requirement and water balance cycle; generation, re-utilization and disposal of solid/ hazardous waste for the existing plant and predicted increase in pollution load (GLCs) due to proposed expansion should be incorporated.

24.  Point-wise compliance to the specific and general conditions stipulated in the ‘Consent to Establish and Operate’ accorded by the Karnataka SPCB for the existing plant.

25.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

26.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

27.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

28.  Air quality modeling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

29.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

30.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling alongwith cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC alongwith following :

                    i)      Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                   ii)      Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height) on hourly basis

                 iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                 iv)      Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                  v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                 vi)      Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

               vii)      Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

              viii)      No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                 ix)      Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                  x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                 xi)      Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

31.        A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

32.        Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

33.        One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

34.        An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

35.        Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

36.        Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

37.        Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

38.        Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

39.        Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

40.        Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level.

41.        Permission for the drawl of 489 m3/day ground water from bore well from the SGWB/CGWA or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

42.        A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

43.        Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

44.        If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

45.        A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

46.        Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

47.        If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

48.        Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from washed / beneficiated plants / washery or any other source should be included.

49.        The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

50.        Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

51.        Geotechnical data by a bore hole of upto 40 mts. in every One sq. km area such as ground water level, SPTN values, soil fineness, geology, shear wave velocity etc. for liquefaction studies and to assess future Seismic Hazard and Earthquake Risk Management in the area.

52.        Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

53.        A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

54.        End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

55.        All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

56.        Acton plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

57.        Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

58.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the all the projects should be earmarked towards the corporate social responsibility for all the 11 projects together at S.N. 4.11 to 4.20 due to location of projects within 3 km. and item-wise details alongwith time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

59.        Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

60.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration. Health effects of other metals used and health hazard plans based on monthly correlation of these metal related diseases and people affected and mitigation plans; Arsenicosis Management Plan, if Arsenic is present in ore, rock, coal, fly ash, water and action plan for protecting the workers against hazardous chemicals such as Sulphuric acid, pesticides, solvents etc. should be included.

61.        Occupational health of the workers needs elaboration including evaluation of noise, heat, illumination, dust, any other chemicals, metals being suspected in environment and going into body of workers either through inhalation, ingestion or through skin absorption and steps taken to avoid musculo-skeletal disorders (MSD), backache, pain in minor and major joints, fatigue etc. Occupational hazards specific pre-placement and periodical monitoring and periodical monitoring should be carried out. The detailed plan to carry out above mentioned activity should be mentioned.

62.        Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

63.        Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

64.        A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

65.        Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

66.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

 

In addition to the above, information on the following may also be incorporated in the EIA report.

 

 1.  Is the project intended to have CDM-intent? 

(i)      If not, then why?

(ii)     If yes, then 

 

(a)   Has PIN (Project Idea Note) {or PCN (Project Concept Note)} submitted to the ‘NCA’ (National CDM Authority) in the MoEF?