MINUTES OF 19th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 21st -22nd FEBRUARY 2011

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 19th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 21st -22nd February 2011 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 17th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 24th -25th January 2011 was confirmed.

 

1.         A presentation was made by Prof. C.R.Babu, Prof. Emeritus and Member, EAC (T&C) on “Ecological Restoration of Mined out Areas and other degraded landscapes due to developmental activities”

 

The presentation was attended by Senior representatives of Coal India Companies and CMPDI – SECL, CCL, WCL, NCL, MCL, BCCL and ECL. It was decided that the matter would be taken up with MOEF on how to introduce the methodology presented by Prof. C.R.Babu in the existing measures of bio reclamation being undertaken by the coal companies through the Forest Departments for restoration of habitat and ecosystem in the mined out areas.

 

 

2.         Mugoli OC Expn. (2.50 MTPA to 4 MTPA in an ML area of 818.05 ha) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd. within the existing ML area of 818.05 ha, located in dist. Yavatmal, MaharashtraEC u/s Section 7 (ii) of EIA Notification, 2006.

 

The proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 26th -27th October 2010 for EC u/s 7 (ii) wherein the Committee had decided that a Public Hearing would be required for the expansion.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the present proposal is for expansion in production from 2.5 MTPA to 4 MTPA in an ML area of 818.05 ha. A new proposal would be submitted next year when the mine goes for dip side extension due to demand of additional production of coal. Production of 4 MTPA would be for one year only. Of the total ML area, an area of 758.54 ha is agricultural land and 59.51 ha is Govt. land. Of the total quarry area of 207 ha, an area  is 165.89 ha has been excavated of which backfilling is on in 37.29 ha and the balance 41.11 ha of quarry would be mined in the balance life of the mine.

 

Of the total area of ext. OB dump of 213.74 ha, 170.39 ha is for ext. OB dumps (of which 37.39 ha is under plantation) and the balance 43.35 ha is for OB dumping in the balance life of the mine; 167ha is for danger zone for blasting; 48.50 ha is for infrastructure and roads; 33.42 ha is for embankment (of which 12.01 ha under plantation); 148.39 ha is area for rationalisation (of which 32.80 ha is under plantation). Method of mining is opencast using shovel-dumper. Mine depth is 40m bgl. Grade of coal is E. There is no change in the total estimated OB generation of 54.33 Mm3 and dump dimensions to store 43.33 Mm3 of OB due to increase in mine production capacity from 2.50 MTPA to 4.00MTPA. The balance 5.10 Mm3 of OB would be backfilled. About 6.90 Mm3 of OB would be used in construction of embankment. Life of this expansion project is 5 years. Cost of the project is Rs 96.21 crores. Of the total water requirement of 921.8 m3/d, 362.4 m3 /day is for domestic use, 25 m3 /day is for workshop; and 534.40 m3 /day is for dust suppression. Water table is in the range of 8.2-10.8 m bgl during pre-monsoon and 4.35- 6.85m bgl during post-monsoon. The project does not involve R&R. There are no ecologically sensitive areas including PFs/RFs in the 10km buffer zone. An estimated 11080 TPD of coal is by road involving 20-T capacity trucks 1108 trips/day for a distance of 15km to Washery. Avenue plantation along the coal transportation road has not been feasible, as it is a private land. End users are TPs of MAHAGENCO. The company proposes to establish rail infrastructure with siding and bulk loading for coal evacuation after two years when Mugoli Deep would be started. Public Hearing is held on 14.01.2011. It was informed that 5% of the retained profit of the company goes for CSR capital, of which 4% is ploughed back into the area of the location of the project and the balance 1 % is kept for undertaking CSR activities in other areas.

 

The Committee observed that the ground water level is about 10mbgl in the buffer zone and could be used for irrigation /farming. The area is also a potential agriculture area with double crop consisting mainly of cotton and pulses. The Committee desired that at the post mining stage, the area may be restored as agriculture land and backfilling should be done upto ground level and farmers/land losers may be encouraged to do the farming. The Committee noted that in the status of implementation of R&R for the current project, 16 persons /land owners have not been provided job or resettled and sought details thereof. The Committee desired that the proponent should start the planning for ecological restoration of the area in tandem with the project, in view of the fact that the project has a balance life of 5 years only. The Committee desired that the 5% profit of company /project should be kept separately as CSR fund after tax deductions and this may be shown in balance sheet as separate annexure depicting Balance amount, total amount and how it will be utilised for CSR and should also be reflected in the Annual Report of the company. The Committee also desired that the new proposal along the dipside shall incorporate a detailed plan for coal evacuation using rail mode of transport. These details were submitted immediately thereafter.

 

The Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

3.         Motaghat OCP and Sakhri-Irwati (Pauni-III) OCP of M/s WCL, dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra – Discussion on location of mine vis-à-vis CPA, Chandrapur

 

The project was earlier considered in the meeting of EAC (T&C) dated 24th and 25th January 2011 wherein the Committee had observed that Motaghat OCP may be part of CPA Chandrapur and clarification was sought in this regard. The proponent had furnished the location of both Motaghat OCP and Sakhri-Irwati (Pauni-III) OCP on a map which indicated that both the projects did not fall within the CPAs of Chandrapur. It was also clarified that the Motaghat OCP is to be located at a distance of 2km from the extended buffer of Tadoba-Andheri-Tiger Reserve,

 

The Committee desired that a clarification of the location of Motaghat OCP vis-à-vis the boundary of proposed extended buffer zone of TATR may be sought from NTCA.

 

 

4.         Dhanpuri-Amlai Group of Opencast Coal Mines (4.75 MTPA (peak) and expn. in area from 1309.554 ha to 1500.549 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in Tehsils Sohagpur and Anuppur and in districts Shahdol- Annupur, MP. (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 11.03.2010)

The aforesaid proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 21st December 2010 wherein the Committee had sought details of clustering the three mines and the operational and environmental  considerations involved. The Committee had also desired the detailed break-up of land use and cluster approach in terms of mine reclamation and waste management and the Final Mine Closure (conceptual), coal evacuation, use of infrastructure, manpower, etc. The Committee also sought details of a coal evacuation plan by rail with bulk loading method instead of pay loaders, for reducing pollution due to use of diesel vehicles and from dust generating sources. The Committee had desired that a project specific CSR Plan for the two villages for Rs 70 lakhs and Rs 65 lakhs respectively be prepared and presented.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the EIA-EMP for Dhanpuri Amlai group of mines have been prepared on the basis of cluster concept. There are three units / mines in the cluster;

                      i.        Dhanpuri OCP,

                     ii.        Amlai OCP &

                    iii.        Amlai Sector B OCP (new mine)

 

Dhanpuri & Amlai OCPs are existing projects. The balance life of Amlai OCP is 1 year only and all the resources of mine, after exhaustion of reserves, will be transferred to the proposed new mine Amlai Sector B OCP to augment coal production. The external dump of Amlai OCP, has been partially reclaimed. Dhanpuri OCP consists of 03 sectors – Dhanpuri Sector A, Dhanpuri Sector D & Dhanpuri Sector C. Dhanpuri Sector C has already been closed in 1988 due to exhaustion of reserves and the dumps (external & internal) have been reclaimed. Dhanpuri Sector A is operational and balance life is 02 years. The external dumps and part of internal dumps have already been reclaimed.  Dhanpuri Sector D is also operational and balance life is 11 years.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the total ML Area of the Cluster is 1500.549 ha (ML area of Dhanpuri OCP is 1075.78 ha, Amlai OCP is 189.944 ha and Amlai Sector B is 190.995 ha). The colonies are located outside the ML in an area of 43.83 ha.         

            Mining lease area                    : 1456.719 Ha

            Common colony area                         : 43.83 Ha

            ----------------------------             -------------------

Total Project Area                1500.549 Ha

 

The individual break-up of landuse for the 3 mines of the cluster under different categories is given in the table, below.

S.N.

Category

Dhanpuri OCP

Amlai OCP

Amlai OC Sector B

TOTAL

1

ML  Area  (ha)

1075.780

189.944

190.995

1456.719

Forest Land

748.790

166.00

166.92

1081.71

Agri. Land

280.729

0.992

13.14

294.861

Govt / Grazing Land

37.234

17.952

4.932

60.118

Water Body (Stream)

9.00

5.00

6.03

20.03

2

Colony

43.83 (Agr./Tenancy)

-

-

43.83

(Agr./Tenancy)

Total Area of Cluster (ha)

1500.549

 

The total volume of external dumps already generated in the three mines is 13.26 MM3 which is about 3% of the total volume of 403.10 MM3 of overburden. All external dumps have been reclaimed. No new / additional external dump will be created in the units of cluster. Presently all overburden is being placed internally and all future dumps will be internal dumps only.

 

The proponent informed that Bagiya Nala flowing within the core zone was diverted in 1992. Belha Nala would be diverted for a stretch of 2km and would be joined to a garland drain which joins the nala in its original course outside the ML boundary. It was informed that truck transportation of coal is from mine face to mine surface only and thereafter by conveyor system. The proponent informed that specific activities under CSR would be taken up in Village Development Committee involving village Panchayats, District Collector and the company.

 

The Committee sought the broad areas of activities/measures along with budgetary provisions earmarked during FY 2011-12 for the activities under CSR, which would be undertaken for the 2 villages. The Committee also sought the specific expenditure incurred during the past there years under CSR and details of its uploading on the company website for record of the Ministry. The Committee after discussions recommended the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

 

5.         Cluster II (5 mines of 15.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 20.215 MTPA in a combined ML area of 2025.71 ha) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd., located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand - TOR

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the cluster II consists of 5 mines .Out of 2 are OC and UG working mines and 3 OC mines of a combined ML area of 2025.71 ha and production capacity of 15.55 MTPA (normative) and  20.215 MTPA (peak) as given below

S.no

MINES IN CLUSTER –II

 

Name of Mine

Production capacity

(MTPA)

ML (ha)

Life of Mine

(years)

Normative

Peak

1

BlockII Colliery

OC & UG Mine

4.45

5.785

852.00

OC-30

UG-26

2

Jamunia OCP

 

1.20

1.56

55.0

6

3

Shatabdi OCP

 

1.40

1.82

181.30

28

4.

Muraidih Colliery

(OC & UG Mine)

5,50

7.15

536.41

OC-6

UG-14

5

Phularitand OCP

3.00

3.90

401.00

18

 

 

 

Total

 

15.55

 

20.215

 

2025.75

 

 

 

 

 

 

Land Use  Details of Cluster II

 

 

S.No

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Land Use ( ha)

Post- mining Land

Use (ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

Backfilled

256.86

0

Not Backfilled

234.39

0

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

Backfilled

14.29

0

Not Backfilled

42.07

0

3.

External OB dump

49.33

0

4.

Service building/

mine infrastructure

34.25

0.6

5.

Coal dump

31.24

0

6.

Rail & Road

71.69

66.47

7.

Homestead land

181.58

147.2

8.

Agriculture land

275.32

153.14

9.

Forest land

29.75

29.75

10

Plantation

35.6

1236.88

11.

Water body

49.91

139.23

12

Barren land

719.42

252.44

 

 

Total

 

2025.71

 

2025.71

  

 

Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster II

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

 

1.

Total Voids

41.47 Mm3

2.

Total OB available

33.45 Mm3

3.

Total Unstable Sites

15 no.

4.

Total Affected Areas

260800 m2

5.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

1137  no. as per JAP

6.

Land for Resettlement

7.728 ha (BCCL land)

14.23 ha (Non-BCCL land)

7.

Total cost of fire dealing

18235 lakhs

8.

Total  resettlement Cost

Rs 4508.58 lakhs

 

It was informed that the cluster is bound in the East by cluster III mines of BCCL, in the West by Jamunia River, in the North by metamorphic formations and in the South by cluster XV mines of BCCL. The mine area is drained in the west by Khodo river flowing easterly and in the east by seasonal nala flowing westerly to the Jamunia River.

 

The Committee desired that AAQ monitoring stations should be established based on the locations of habitations, pollution generating sources and the wind direction and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view of the fact that Dhanbad  is a critically polluted area. The Committee desired that abandoned pits/quarries if any, of worked out mines of pre-nationalisation period should be backfilled and reclaimed with plantation properly. The Committee desired that the details of Jharia Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with EIA-EMP study Report for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that R&R involving 1137 PAFs living in unstable locations within the cluster, for which the Jharia Action Plan has been formulated, should be included.  The Committee also desired that a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee further desired that.for monitoring of the proper implementation of CSR activity, a dedicated team of local people including the youth and multidisciplinary people along with a sociologist may be formed/created by company.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)        An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 14 mines in Cluster II (5 mines of 15.5 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 20.215 MTPA in a combined ML area of 2025.71 ha) as above- status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Management Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, details of an Action Plan for project specific R&R and CSR shall also be formulated and presented in the EIA-EMP. The aforesaid Integrated Environmental Management Plan shall be dovetailed with the Jharia Action Plan and details of its implementation with specific time-lines should be provided. The Committee desired that the details of Jharia Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with EIA-EMP study Report for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that R&R involving 1137 PAFs living in unstable locations within the cluster, for which the Jharia Action Plan has been formulated, should be included.

(ii)       The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region (Dhanbad), which is presently critically polluted, and show by implementation of the Env. Action Plan the discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Jharia Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)        Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)       Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)      A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)     A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)       Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. The Committee desired that AAQ monitoring stations should be established based on the locations of habitations, pollution generating sources and the wind direction and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view of the fact that Dhanbad  is a critically polluted area.

(xiii)     Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)     Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)     Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)    Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)   Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)     Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)      Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there is a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)     Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxii)    Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM & other machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster. The Committee desired that abandoned pits/quarries if any, of worked out mines of pre-nationalisation period should be backfilled and reclaimed with plantation properly.

(xxv)    Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)   Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii) Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Jharia Action Plan for Cluster II Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Jharia Action Plan.

(xxviii) Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)    Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii) Details of R&R in Jharia Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiii) The Committee also sought a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee also desired that a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee further desired that.for monitoring of the proper implementation of CSR activity, a dedicated team of local people including the youth and multidisciplinary people along with a sociologist may be formed/created by company.

 

(xxxiv) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxvi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

(xxxix) Grant of EC for the closed mines would be reviewed at the time of application for EC.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)         The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)     MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

 

 

6.         Cluster 2 (3 mines of 0.36 MTPA with a peak prod. of 0.45 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1018 ha) of M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in Raniganj Coalfields, Dist. Burdwan, West Bengal - TOR

The proponent made a presentation It was informed that that the cluster 2 is located in the Raniganj coalfields in the State of Jharkhand .The cluster consist of 3 adjacent working mines, one underground mine and two small opencast patches Rajpura and Barmuri of a combined ML area of 1081 ha and production capacity of 0.36 MTPA and 0.45 MTPA (peak). Details are given below:

Status

S.N

 

Mines in Cluster -2

Working Mines

 

Name of Mine

Production capacity (MTPA)

ML area (ha)

Life of Mine

(years)

Normative

Peak

1

Kumardhubi UG

0.08

0.10

667

20 years

2

Barmuri OC

0.18

0.23

59

 

3

Rajpura OC

0.10

0.12

292

 

 

Total

 

0.36

 

0.45

 

1081

 

 

 

Production in Mines of Cluster-2

 

Year

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

 

Total

0.48

0.33

0.26

0.28

0.31

 

 

 

 

 

Land Use Details of Mines in Cluster- 2

 

S.N

 Land Use

Area (ha)

 

1.        

Settlement

282.60

2.        

Danga/Wasteland

151.00

3.        

Rail(including Kumardhubi Railway station)

186.50

4.        

Quarry & OB Dumps

123.00

5.        

Mine infrastructure

57.00

6.        

Natural water bodies

31.30

7.        

Cultivable

40.00

8.        

Road

35.10

9.        

Afforestation

11.50

10.      

Natural Vegetation

100.00

 

Total

 

1081.00

 

It was informed that Barakar River forms the Eastern Boundary of the cluster. Northern boundary is Talcher formation–Maithon dam and its reservoir located within 2 kms.Southern boundary is Jhunkundar and Chanch Geological blocks of Barakar formation under BCCL-mines are closed.Gt road and ER Grand Chord passes through the cluster. The area is rich in industries and contains thickly populated settlements. A small area is under thickly populated settlement, GT road and ER Grand Chord. It was informed that voids of mines worked out earlier during pre-nationalisation, are serving as water reservoirs for supply of water to PHED. It was clarified that there are no unstable areas in this cluster and covered under Raniganj Master Plan.

 

The Committee desired that study on hydrology of the mine area may be carried out which includes impacts of the mining on aquifers (confined and unconfined). The study should also include details of long term water table of study area covering 10 km buffer zone. The Committee sought details of CSR @ Rs 5/T of coal produced amounting to Rs.18 lakhs/annum. 

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)         An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 6 mines in Cluster 6 as above consisting of Cluster 2 (3 mines of 0.36 MTPA with a peak prod. of 0.45 MTPA in a combined ML area of 1018 ha) - status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, the Committee desired that the PAPs living in unstable locations within the cluster should be rehabilitated. The details of Raniganj Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with the EIA-EMP study for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that subsided areas should be reclaimed with plantation. The details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report.

(ii)        The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region, which is presently critically polluted, and show by implementation of the Env. Action Plan the discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Raniganj Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)        Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)       Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)      A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)     A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)       Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view that Asansol is a critically polluted area

(xiii)     Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on

the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)     Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)     Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)    Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon. The Committee desired that study on hydrology of the mine area may be carried out which includes impacts of the mining on aquifers (confined and unconfined). The study should also include details of long term water table of study area covering 10 km buffer zone.

(xviii)   Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)     Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)      Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)     Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxii)    Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM & other machinery, equipment, etc. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster.

(xxv)    Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)   Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii) Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Raniganj Action Plan for Cluster 2 Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Raniganj Action Plan.

(xxviii) Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)    Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii) Details of R&R in Raniganj Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

The Committee also sought a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR.

(xxxiii) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxiv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvi) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

(xxxvii)            Grant of EC for the closed mines would be reviewed at the time of application for EC.

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issues raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)     MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

 

 

7.         Cluster 9 (15 mines of 3 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 4 MTPA in a combined ML area of 7145.4 ha) of M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in Raniganj Coalfields, Dist. Burdwan, West Bengal (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation It was informed that the cluster 9 is located in the Raniganj coalfields East of Asansol Township and west of Raniganj township. Damodar River forms the boundary of cluster on the South. Cluster 9 includes 14 adjacent working underground mines taken over from pre-nationalisation and a new mine, Narainkuri UGP with production capacity 0.54 MTA for which Public Hearing is awaited. The total combined ML area is 7145.4 ha with production capacity 3.00 normative and 4.00 MTPA (peak) as given below:

 

STATUS

S.N.

MINES IN CLUSTER -9

 

Name of Mine

Production capacity(MTPA)

ML area (ha)

Life of Mine (years)

Normative

Peak

Working Mines

1

Ratibati UG

0.09

0.12

249

 40

2

Chapuikhas UG

0.05

0.06

412

>50

3

Amritnagar UG

1.14

1.14

279

>30

4.

Tirat UG

0.06

0.08

214.5

>10

5

Kuradih UG

0.05

0.07

615

>10

6.

Nimcha UG

0.31

0.40

890.2

>50

7

Ghusick UG

0.05

0.10

376

>50

8.

Kalipahari UG

0.05

0.10

299.5

>50

9.

Muslia UG

0.04

0.05

948

>50

10.

New Ghusick UG

0.04

0.05

224

>40

11.

Jemehari UG

0.03

0.04

118

>10

12.

J K Nagar UG

0.35

0.87

1237

>30

13.

Damra UG

0.04

0.06

249

>10

14.

Mahabir UG

0.20

0.30

241.2

 

New project

15.

Narainkuri UG

0.54

0.54

793

>25

TOTAL

3.0

4.0

7145.4

 

 

Production in Mines of Cluster-9

 

Year

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2009-10

2009-10

 

Total

0.84

0.82

0.78

0.65

0.64

 

LAND USE OF CLUSTER- 9

 

S.No

 Land Use

Area (ha)

 

1

Cultivable

3254.76

2

Village/Basti

733.20

3

Tanks/Water bodies/water logged quarries

359.72

4

Danga/Wasteland

1019.12

5

Road & Railways

148.62

6

Subsided (under infrastructure)

240.11

7

Afforestation

621.50

8

Vacant Govt. land

86.00

9

Built up area

300.23

10

Colliery infrastructure

382.14

 

 

Total

 

7145.4

 

 

            The Details of Rehabilitation in Cluster 9

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

 

1.

Total  Nos Voids

29 nos

2.

Area of excavation of void

113.25 Ha

3.

Volume of Voids

14.71 Mm3

4.

Total OB available

5.98 Mm3

5.

Total Area of OB

53.11ha

6.

Total Unstable Sites

11

7.

Total Affected Areas

96.15 Ha

9.

Affected Population

24741

10

Total  resettlement Cost

Rs 386.7 crores in two phases

11

Environmental management

2.1 crores /annum or Rs 7/T of coal

 

The Committee observed that the cluster-9 mines are located near the bank of River Damodar. It was clarified that there is no under ground mining within the statutory 60m area from River Damodar. The Committee desired that water balance study should be carried out as part of EIA-EMP study. The Committee desired that monitoring of extent of subsidence and expected should be studied. R&R package has been prepared for the 11 unstable sites within the cluster involving 24741 PAPs as part of Raniganj Action Plan for dealing fire, subsidence and rehabilitation. The Committee desired that CSR@ Rs 5/T of coal produced amounting to Rs 1.5 crores/annum should be prepared.   

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

 (i)        An Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster of mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 6 mines in Cluster 6 as above consisting of Cluster 9 (15 mines of 3 MTPA with a peak prodn. of 4.0 MTPA in a combined ML area of 7145.4 ha) - status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, the Committee desired that the PAPs living in unstable locations within the cluster should be rehabilitated. The details of Raniganj Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be integrated with the EIA-EMP study for the entire cluster along with clear time lines of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that subsided areas should be reclaimed with plantation. The details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report.

(ii)        The Integrated EIA-EMP shall be based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006 and incorporate an Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the environmental degradation existing in the cluster and for improvement of the environmental quality (air, water and land) so that the region, which is presently critically polluted, and show by implementation of the Env. Action Plan the discernible improvement of its environmental quality.

(iii)       A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location. A map showing the Raniganj Coalfields and the locations of the mines in the cluster.

(iv)       A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of mines in the cluster, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources.

(v)        Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)       Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)      A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)     A detailed Site plan of the cluster of mines showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area of the mines of the cluster, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(ix)       Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition of each mine in the cluster.

(x)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations of each mine in the cluster.

(xi)       Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)      Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view that Asansol is a critically polluted area

(xiii)     Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on

the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)     Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xvi)     Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xvii)    Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)   Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately for the cluster and for each mine separately.

(xix)     Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)      Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mines on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)     Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                   

(xxii)    Impacts of mineral transportation in an integrated manner using road-cum rail or rail network– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)   Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)   Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation for each mine in the cluster.

(xxv)    Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)   Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii) Details of fire affected sites and areas affected by subsidence and unstable sites as given in Raniganj Action Plan for Cluster 9 Group of Mines and their management for each along with time schedule for mitigation under the Raniganj Action Plan.

(xxviii) Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxix)   Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) for each mine along with selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxx)    Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan for existing and abandoned mines with specific time lines and costs, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre-mining for each mine in the cluster. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee desired that the abandoned quarries/mined out pits/voids left over from the pre-nationalisation period should be properly backfilled and biologically reclaimed in to either plantation or restored to agricultural land. The Committee desired that details of land use end of mine life and post mining be furnished in the standard tables prepared by MOEF. In case, exploration does not indicate sizeable reserves, the proponent may consider surrendering the lease after completion of reclamation of the abandoned mines and worked out OC and UG mines.

(xxxi) Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxii) Details of R&R in Raniganj Action Plan for the cluster and its integration with the EMP. Cluster specific details of R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan. R&R package has been prepared for the 11 unstable sites within the cluster involving 24741 PAPs as part of Raniganj Action Plan for dealing fire, subsidence and rehabilitation.

The Committee desired that CSR@ Rs 5/T of coal produced amounting to Rs 1.5 crores/annum should be prepared. The Committee further desired that for monitoring the proper implementation o CSR activity, a dedicated multidisciplinary team of local people of mixed age group including a sociologist should be created by the company. 

(xxxiii) Public Hearing for the entire cluster should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxiv) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvi) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

(xxxvii)            Grant of EC for the closed mines would be reviewed at the time of application for EC.

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)       After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ix)         The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(x)          The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issues raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)     MOEF Circular dated 22.03.2010 may kindly be referred to regarding time limit for validity of Terms of Reference (TOR) prescribed under EIA Notification, 2006 for undertaking detailed EIA studies for development projects requiring environmental clearance.

 

 

8.         Gare IV/2 and IV/3 Opencast and Underground Coal Mine (7 MTPAin an ML area of 964.65 ha) of M/s Jindal Power Ltd. proposed at Tehsil Gharhoda, district Raigarh, Chhattisgarh - (EC based on TOR granted on 22.08.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the present application is for expansion in production from 5.25 MTPA to 7 MTPA in the existing ML area of 964.65 ha. Gare IV/2 and IV/3 opencast coal mine project had obtained environmental clearance from MOEF on 22.04.2004 for a production capacity of 5.25 MTPA by opencast mining of the upper seams. The present application is for captive coal mining of the lower seams of the same Gare IV/2 and IV/3 mine by UG mining with a maximum production capacity of 0.9 MTPA, in addition to opencast mining, for a total combined production capacity of 7 MTPA. This would be achieved by maintaining the coal production by UG mining at a rated capacity of 0.9 MTPA while increasing the production of coal by OC mining to 6.25 MTPA. The OC mine operations had begun on 24.05.2006. The mine would be developed by 3rd year of operation when the net production from OC mining would be reduced to a final level of 6.25 MTPA, when production from UG mining would be at 0.75 MTPA. The total combined production from both OC and UG mining would be 7 MTPA with complete development of UG mine. UG mining by mechanized Board and Pillar system by caving. Since the seams to be mined by UG mining occur at more than 100m depth from the floor of the OC mining, no significant impacts are expected.

 

The total lease area of the mine, where both OC and UG mining would be carried out, is within the existing lease of area 964.65 ha, of which 48.20 ha is forestland. Forestry clearance has been obtained on 06.09.2004. The Mining Plan for 5.25 MTPA was approved by MOC on 25.01.2001, which had, however recommended the extraction of coal of the lower seams (I to V) by UG mining which are situated about 80-120m below the upper group (VI A to X), with the objective of recovering better grade coal as well as for mineral conservation. The coal in lower seams of better grade D and E grade would help in reducing the ash content in the coal produced for captive use of the 1000 MW (4 x 250 MW) linked Thermal Power Station located at a distance of about 9 km from the mine. There are no ecologically sensitive areas found within the 10km radius of the buffer zone. There are a number of Sal bearing forests in Reserved Forests found in the buffer zone.

 

Of the total existing ML area of 964.65 ha, 48.208 ha is forestland, 859.498 ha is tenancy/private land, 56.944 ha is Govt.land/revenue land. Of the total ML area, 206.0ha is for quarry, 28.40ha is for external dump, 30.00 ha is for embankment, 20 ha is for CHP, Washery & other infrastructures and 680 ha is ‘others’. No additional land is involved for the expansion project. It is proposed to divert Bendra Nala flowing through the ML area. PP informed that Bendra nala would be diverted for a length of 1230m nala with dimensions of top width -40 cm, and a gradient of 1:300m, HFL-252.8M above MSL. It was further informed that the diversion would be undertaken after approval of scheme by competent authority. It was informed that it is also proposed to create an embankment of about 5 km length and 6 m height using large boulders in wire mesh bags along the diverted Bendra nala and then along the eastern bank of Kelo river to protect the mine from flooding.

 

Mining would be opencast using hydraulic shovel-dumper. It is proposed to backfill the mined out void and also partially store the OB generated in external OB dumps. Part of the ash from the power plant after proper studies is also proposed to be accommodated in the void. The ultimate working depth would be 155m bgl (east quarry) and115m bgl (west quarry). The total estimated OB generation would be 561.6 Mm3 of which 541.6 Mm3 would be backfilled and 20 Mm3 would be used in construction of embankment. It was noted that coal is being transported from mine to power plant by piped conveyors. Life of the OC mine is 48.4 years and UG mine is 41 years. The total water requirement of the project 1790 m3/d which includes 600 m3/d for dust suppression, 100 m3/day for green belt,1000m3/day for Coal washery (make up), from present 75 m3/day to 90 m3/day for domestic use. The total mine discharge water is 4872 m3/d. Regular water sprinkling along roads would be undertaken. It was informed that the expansion project does not involve R&R. Public Hearing was held on 23.10.2010.

 

The PP also presented details of the linked Coal Washery. The proponent informed that a coal washery in 8.66 ha area will adopt wet process using Heavy Media Cyclone, thickener, Multi Roll Belt press filter with zero discharge of water/effluent. Feed (raw) coal would 3.281 MTPA, clean (washed) coal and fines would be 2.331 MTPA (71% yield with ash 41.5%) for the power plant  and the rest would be discard/rejects of 0.950 MTPA (29.00% yield with77% ash) which are proposed to be backfill into the mines. water requirement for the washery would be 46m3/hr.

 

The Committee noted that in the TOR application submitted, it was stated that no water from the mine would be discharged into Kelo River, whereas an estimated 4872 m3/d of mine water is proposed to be discharged from the mine. The Committee sought details of land use of the ML as 680 ha of the ML area of 964.65 ha has been shown as ‘Others’ and there is a wide discrepancy of land use for mine operations submitted in the TOR application and that presented. The Committee sought a detailed study of the water balance for the two mines and the washery combined along with source of the water to be used in the mines and in the washery. The Committee decided that since the EC application along with proceedings of the P.H. are still awaited for the coal washery proposal, for which a TOR was separately granted on 22.08.2007, the washery proposal would require to be appraised in detail after receipt of the EC application along with the P.H. minutes. The Committee desired that the nala diversion should be done in consultation with the Flood & Irrigation Department and the route of diversion should be along the natural gradient, and sought details along with a contour map of the original and proposed diversion routes. The Committee sought details of feasibility trials of dumping of flyash into the decoaled voids, particularly on the levels of heavy metals and its leachability characteristics. The Committee desired that for plantation and for reclamation, native species such as Mahua trees should be used instead of exotic plants. The Committee desired that AAQ monitoring should be with PM10 and PM 2.5. The Committee desired that the details of coal evacuation system to the linked power plant and steel plant and to the washery should be provided. The Committee was informed that the PH was delayed because the preparation and approval of Mining Plan took about two and half years. The Committee sought the status of implementation of R&R for the existing project. The Committee noted that CSR for Rs 4.61 crores has been earmarked for the year 2010-11. The Committee also desired that a detailed CSR Plan should be prepared in a booklet form and furnished to the Ministry. The Committee further desired that a Third party audit /monitoring is required for CSR activity. CSR of Rs 3.21 crores per annum should be continued till the end of the life of mine (49 years).

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

 

9.         Ghogha-Surka Lignite Mine (2.25 MTPA in 1355 ha) and Khadsaliya-I (1 MTPA in 711.42.47 ha) and Khadsaliya-II Lignite Mine (0.75 MTPA in 914.14.92 ha) of M/s Gujarat Power Corp. Ltd., located in Taluka and district Bhavnagar, Gujarat (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal for TOR was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 9th July 2010, wherein the Committee while recommending the case for TOR had decided that the proponent may furnish clarifications on the matter of allotment of the three blocks, approval of Mining Plans and shortest distance vis-à-vis CRZ.

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the sea coastline is about 4km in the eastern direction of the proposed Ghogha-Surka project and about 1.5km from Khadsaliya-I and 1.5 km from Khadsaliya-II project. No forestland is involved.  It was informed that the Forest & Environment Department, Government of Gujarat had sent letter to addressed to Dr. Bharat Bhushan, Director, IA Div. MOEF vide letter no ENV-10-2010-1069-E dated 5th August 2010 along with map providing details of the location of the project vis-à-vis CRZ. However the letter states that as per demarcation of the CRZ boundary and HTL and superimposition of the proposed mining areas on the said map, these mining areas are outside the CRZ area. 

 

The Committee observed that the ML area is about 3.5 km from the HTL. The Committee noted that a river is running along the Khadsaliya Blocks. The Committee observed that Khadsaliya block areas could have a high sulphur and pyrite content which may require to be addressed at the EIA stage and if present, a treatment plant would require to be established. The Committee desired that the option of coal evacuation by rail/conveyor mode instead of by road should be examined.

 

The Committee recommended that these issues should also be incorporated while granting TOR.

 

 

10.       Expansion of Paunderpauni Coal Washery (1.6 MTPA to 2.6 MTPA) of M/s Aryan Coal Beneficiation (P) Ltd., in Paunderpauni, Tehsil Rajura, Dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (Further consideration of TOR)

 

Director, MOEF informed that the aforesaid proposal was considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 28th -29th November 2007 wherein the Committee had sought details of compliance report of the Maharashtra SPCB which was received vide letter dated 19.06.2009 of Maharashtra SPCB and further considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 21st –22nd July 2009 and the proposal was recommended for TOR. The TOR was however not issued as a clarification was sought from NTCA regarding location of the washery vis-à-vis Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve. Subsequently a clarification was also sought on the location vis-à-vis  CPA Chandrapur. Both these clarifications were received and the proposal has been placed before the Committee for its information on the position before grant of TOR vide decisions of the EAC in its meeting held on 21st -22nd July 2009.

 

The proponent briefly informed the Committee that the expansion is to 2.6 MTPA capacity and technology for the washery is Heavy Media Density Separator. Main source of coal are WCL mines. Coal transportation would be by road using 10-T tippers from the mines and washed coal after beneficiation would be by rail, and loaded directly into the wagons from the railway siding located inside the washery premises. An estimated 227 KLD (112 m3/day for process, 80 m3/day for green belt development, 30 m3/day for dust suppression, 5 m3/day for domestic) of water would be used. Total land requirement is 32.72 ha, which consists of 15 ha of existing operation, green belt 7ha, additional green belt 3 ha; vacant land available for the proposed FBC based TPP (2x30 MW) using coal rejects 7.72 ha. Grade of coal is E, which is to be obtained on behalf of MAHAGENCO. Ash content in the washed coal is 28%. Expansion of working days is from 300 days to 330 days involving additional manpower of 30. It was clarified that the proposed Paunderpauni Coal Washery is 40 km away from Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve (TATR) and it does not fall in any Corridor. The project does not fall under Critically Polluted Area based on CEPI i.e. Ghughus, Ballarpur, MIDC Chandrapur or Tadali of district Chandrapur.

 

The Committee recommended TOR for the proposed expansion of the washery. The Committee desired that the AAQ monitoring should include PM10 and PM 2.5.

 

 

10.       Manoharpur Opencast Coalmine Project (8 MTPA) of M/s Orissa Power Generation Corp. Ltd. located in Ib Valley, Dist. Sundergarh, OrissaDiscussion on Public Hearing held on 28.09.2010

 

The proponent informed that Public Hearing for the aforesaid project was held on 28.09.2010 in the Panchayat Office complex of Durubaga, Hemgir block in Sundergarh and presided by Project Administrator, ITDA, Sundergarh. The Public Hearing was attended by about 500 persons. However, the Public Hearing was interrupted by a representative of committee of 11 villages affected by NTPC & OPGC projects and a charter of demands was submitted to the chair and before the public, which included land rate fixation and rehabilitation package for the displaced persons, etc. It was informed that the poverty level of the area is very high. The main occupation is agriculture and most of the people are dependent on forest produce. There is no irrigation facility. The proponent stated that they intended to undertake a number of socio-economic measures to improve the socio-economic conditions of the local communities and displaced people. The Committee was informed that compensation issue is at the stage of finalisation.

 

The Committee noted that the Member secretary, OSPCB in his forwarding letter dated 19.11.2010 addressed to Secretary along with the Minutes of the Public Hearing had stated that “it was not possible to conduct the Public Hearing at the venue in the prescribed manner due to protests of the people”. In view of this, the Committee after discussions, decided that a fresh Public Hearing would require to be conducted by a person not less than ADM as per provisions and in the manner prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The proponent was also advised to obtain a clarification on the location of the project whether it falls in Go/No-Go area while submitting the application for EC along with proceedings of the fresh P.H.

 

 

11.       Samleshwari OCP Expn. (5 to 11 MTPA) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., Ib Valley, dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 14.07.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion from 5 MTPA to 11 MTPA. Of the total ML area of 928.264 ha, 86.448 ha is agr. land, 334.91 ha is forestland, 483.578 ha is wasteland and 23.32 ha is surface water bodies. The total ML area of 928.264 ha  consists of 547.772 ha for quarry, 301.627 ha for safety zone for blasting, 24.86 ha for external dump, 54.005 ha for infrastructure and an area of 49.855 for colony outside ML area, thus the total project area is 978.119 ha. Mining method involves surface miner (85%) and shovel-dumper system (15%). Ultimate working depth is 125m bgl. Grade of coal is F. The total estimated OB generation is 135.748 Mm3. There is no external OB dump in the expansion project. Balance life of the mine is 4 years. Total estimated water requirement is 2310 m3/d (2000 m3/day-Industrial, 510 m3/day for domestic use). Water table is in the range of 1.30m - 7.62m bgl during pre-monsoon and 0.85m -3.55m bgl during post-monsoon. There are no ecologically sensitive areas such as National Parks, WL Sanctuaries, etc. in the 10km buffer zone. A few RF are found in the buffer zone. Pandren Jhore which is a tributary of the Lilari Nala drains the block. It was informed that an application for diversion of Pandren Jore has been made to the State Flood & Irrigation Department. Coal production using surface miner transportation is sent to railway siding and that by shovel-dumper is by road from CHP. An estimated 15% would go to CHP and the remaining 85% to railway siding. R&R for village Chingriguda and Bijapada consisting of 184 PAFs has not been completed. It was informed that Public Hearing was held on 10.12.2009.

 

The year-wise production during the last 10 years in Sameshwari OCP Expn. is given below:

EC granted  = 5 MTPA on 11.07.2006, EC applied for 11 MTPA on 06.09.2010.

S.N.

YEAR

ACTUAL PRODN. (MTPA

1.

2000-01

3.50

2.

2001-02

4.09

3.

2002-03

3.84

4.

2003-04

4.55

5.

2004-05

4.83

6.

2005-06

5.78

7.

2006-07

7.67

8.

2007-08

9.71

9.

2008-09

10.18

10.

2009-10

10.75

 

The Committee noted that it is a violation case and the application for EC has been submitted when production has already reached 10.76 MTPA as again sought for 11 MTPA and the balance life of the mine is only 4 years. FC has been obtained for 101 ha of forestland. The Committee also noted that the company has violated FC Act, and requires regularisation of 21 ha of forestland thereunder. The Committee stated that all companies, including coal mining PSUs are required to comply with regulations. Director, MOEF briefly explained the decisions that were taken between the two Ministries in a meeting held on 28.02.2008 between MOC-MOEF at the Secretary level, participated by Chairman, Coal India Ltd. and the CMDs of all the Coal India subsidiary companies – MCL, SECL, WCL, NCL, BCCL and ECL and CMD of CMPDI, Ranchi. In the meeting, a consensus was arrived at that all coal mine projects of Coal India ltd. would be prepared for EC based on highest achievable production capacity taking into consideration the geo-mining considerations and techno-economic issues to reduce the number of times applications are being made by the coal companies for EC for the same project due to frequent expansion. Besides, the proponent would also require to have only one Public Hearing conducted for the project. Projects based on the maximum achievable production would also absorb any exigencies in production due to any other projects not taking off to compensate for shortfall in production targets for that project. Some of the CIL subsidiaries such as WCL, CCL have implemented this decision and proposals are being submitted for the highest achievable production capacity. However, in the case of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. this has not been the case. The Committee was also informed that of the 31 projects located in Talcher Coalfields and Ib Valley Coalfields, EC has been granted in about 24 projects wherein the production is about 53 MTPA less than the EC granted; i.e. the projects have other problems such as land acquisitions, incomplete R&R, project specific and infrastructure problems, etc which are not related to environmental clearance. In seven projects, M/s MCL has increased production without obtaining prior EC based on the highest achievable production capacity. It was surmised that the issue of not meeting targets of coal production  is also not about the CEPI Circular which has imposed moratorium on consideration of projects from Critically Polluted Areas (CPAs) which includes Angul-Talcher and IB Valley  as the projects are either not producing the capacity for which EC has been granted or have increased production beyond that for which EC was obtained. Advisor (Projects), Ministry of Coal informed that many of the projects of MCL have not achieved full production due to many problems, therefore production had to be increased in other projects to meet the shortfall. Director, MOEF stated that the violations have continued over 8-10 years which shows that MCL has not been able to effectively address its problems relating to land acquisition, R&R, infrastructure, and other project related issues.

 

The Committee noted that the figures presented for R&R require to be rechecked and furnished to the Ministry. The Committee desired that the PP may contact Orissa Remote Sensing Institute, Bhubaneswar for the Land use Plan of the original project based on satellite imagery for the project, based on which a Conceptual Mine Closure Plan should be prepared and furnished. The Committee observed that the void is at upstream of Hirakud Reservoir (within the Command area of Hirakud Reservoir) and hence the proponent may consider further extension towards the western side should be undertaken only after filling up the void with OB after mine is exhausted. The Committee noted that the drainage of Pandren Jore would be disturbed and this network have to be diverted to the natural drainage slope of this area for safe mining operation. Embankment will be provided along proposed diversion drainage for protection against flood. Stone pitching will be done on the slope of the embankment for stability. Committee observed that PP is again planning to divert the same nala after some time as reserve are lying beneath the nala/streams. The Committee was of the view that diversion of nala outside the ML will not be feasible, in case the project would extend further and shifting Jore again would destroy the drainage pattern of the area completely. The Committee desired that only one time diversion of Pandren Jore could be considered, and the plan for the proposed diversion should be furnished. The Committee observed that coal transportation from such a high capacity mine has not been given due attention, especially as the area falls under CPA. The Committee observed that transportation of coal to siding involving 120-125 trucks /day with 40 trips (2200 trips/day) for transporting 30,000 TPD of coal to railway siding which is about 5-6 km away would result in high pollution load in the area. The Committee desired that the proponent go in for bulk loading system instead of pay loaders. The Committee desired that mechanical sweepers of adequate capacity are required for sweeping the main 6km stretch of coal transportation road of fine dust particles. The Committee also desired that Third Party such as ICMR be engaged for evaluation of health impacts of not only the local inhabitants but also their own workers. The Committee noted that the company has not given due attention to these issues despite the project falling in a Critically Polluted Area. CSR-Rs 5.00/T of coal or Rs 16.77 cores will be spent during balance mine life of the project. The Committee desired that an Activity wise “CSR Action Plan is required to be submitted to ministry

 

The Committee decided to further consider the proposal after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

12.       Basundhara (West) OCP Expn. (2.4 MTPA to 8 MTPA in an ML area of 437.10 ha) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., Ib Valley, dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 11.07.2008)

 

The proposal is for further consideration of EC held on 23.03.2010, wherein the Committee had sought details of production, final Mine Closure Plan, OB management Plan to reduce pit from 83m to 30m bgl, biological reclamation of embankment, details of AAQ monitoring as per new Notification, R&R Plan for the balance PAFs, CSR Plan.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that of the total ML area of 437.10 ha, 214.30 ha is for quarry, 52.90 ha is for safety zone for blasting, 39.15 ha is for external dump, 96.63 ha is for infrastructure.15.52 ha is for embankment along River Basundhara,18.60 ha is for approach road. In addition, an area of 16 ha for colony, and 5.90 ha for resettlement site are required outside the ML area. Thus, the total project area is 459 ha. The embankment adjoining River Basundhara along the western and southern boundaries of Basundhara (W) OCP is 15.52 ha for a total lengths of 4000m (approx.) would be developed with avenue plantation on both sides of embankment. It was informed that the land of three villages namely Sardega,Tikipara and Kulapara of Gopalpur villages fall within the ML area and R&R of village Sardega (PAFs 207),Tikipara (PAFs 258) have been completed. Of the 58 PAFs of Kulapara, 39 opted cash and 30 people have been provided jobs .The rest would be resettled in 2011-12. It was informed that an amount of Rs 16.86 crores has been earmarked for CSR for the balance life of 4 years. It was informed that the money is given to Collector for activities identified in consultation with villagers, village representatives, Dist. Collector, etc. It was informed that at the end of mine life, of the total area of 459 ha, an area of 39.15ha is for external waste dump, 48.2 ha would be left as water body (void),18.6 ha is for road,118.53 ha is built up area,14.58 ha would be afforested (of which 10.8 ha is safety zone and 4 ha is plantation on embankment), 133.8ha would be backfilled area reclaimed with plantation, and the balance 86.14 ha is undisturbed area. During the final mine closure, all the five external OB dumps would be rehandled, and dumped internally to reduce the final pit/void. The reclamation of mined out voids in the dip side would reduce the void depth from 83 to 32m at the post mining stage. An area of 39.15 ha of external OB area after rehandling would be biologically reclaimed. Internal dump area of 133.80 ha would also be biologically reclaimed.

 

The Committee noted that it is a violation case as the project has exceeded production to 6.8 MTPA as against the EC granted for 2.4 MTPA without environmental clearance. The Committee desired that that calendar plan for production has not been provided for the remaining years which should be furnished to the Ministry. The Committee sought details of CSR for Rs.16.86 crores.  The Committee noted that a void of 48.20 ha and a depth of 32m would be left at the post mining stage. The Committee desired that CSR activity of last 3 years should be submitted along with the proposed activity in proposed expansion project. The Committee also sought the details of specific activities undertaken for CSR over the last 3 FYs along with the villages covered there under and status of their uploading on the company website.

 

The Committee sought a response on these issues.

 

 

13.       Hirakhand Bundia UGP (0.54 MTPA to 0.95 MTPA) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. located in Ib Valley, Dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 16.11.2007)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the total ML area is 422.35 ha of which 139.68 ha is forestland, 282.67 ha is Govt. land and tenancy land (of which 119.036 ha area is included land already considered for Samleshwari OCP and 303.314 ha land falls on surface for Hirakhand Bundia. Forestry clearance has been applied for. The total production capacity is 0.95 MTPA. Grade of coal is ‘D’. Mining methodology is Board & Pillar until 2011-12, and thereafter by continuous miner. Depillaring would be with stowing. Ultimate working depth is 240m bgl. Balance life of mine is 26 years. Water requirement is 1091 m3/d of which 711 m3/d is for domestic use and 380 m3/d is for industrial use. Water table is in the level of 1.30m-8.39m bgl during pre-monsoon and 1.1m-4.20m bgl during post-monsoon. Subsidence study has been carried out by CMRI and it has been determined that the tensile strain (max. 11.4 mm/m) as per prediction is within the prescribed limit of 20mm/m for protection of forest cover. Coal is loaded from mine face by LHD on belt conveyor and transferred to surface bunkers, from where it is despatched by road to miscellaneous consumers and by rail to major consumer. The drainage of the coal mine is controlled by the Ib river which flows from North to South towards eastern part of block. Lilari nala flows in south. The project does not involve nala diversion. Mine Plan has been approved on 28.08.2009. Public Hearing was held on 18.06.2010. An amount of Rs 10.63 crores would be spent on CSR for the balance life of mine. A revenue expenditure of Rs 5/tonne of coal is proposed.

 

The land use details of Hirakhand Bundi and that within Samleshwari OCP is not clear and sought a clarification for record. A detailed CSR Action Plan should also be furnished. The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

14.       Belpahar OC Expn. (4.5 MTPA to 6 MTPA) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. located in Dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa – (EC based on TOR granted on 11.07.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project is for expansion in production within the existing ML area of 1444.053 ha. Of the total ML area,125.313 ha is forest land, 760.510ha Govt.land, 558.230 ha is tenancy land. Of the total ML area, 606.503 ha is for quarry, 259.910 ha for safety zone for blasting, 55.330 ha is for external dump, 382.510 ha for infrastructure and 139.80 ha is for rationalisation of project boundary. In addition, 59.630 ha is for colony is outside the ML area. Of the total forestland of 125.313 ha, diversion of 103.52 ha has been obtained on 02.06.2000. FC for the balance forestland has been applied for. Thus, the total project area is 1503.683 ha. Mining method involves surface miner (85%) and 15% by shovel-dumper. Grade of coal is F. The existing one external OB dump in 55.33 ha area has been biologically reclaimed and the expansion project does not involve external dumping. An estimated 142.80 Mm3 of OB would be backfilled in a quarry area of 473.603 ha. Balance life of the mine is 12 years. The drainage is controlled by the Lilari nala which flows across the mine area in the northern part of the block and drains into River Ib to the east. It is proposed to divert the stretch flowing the ML. The project does not involve additional cost, equipment and land and no additional displacement of population due to the expansion project. Additional manpower would be outsourced. The total water requirement is 2385 m3/d of which 1455 m3/d is for mine use and 930 m3/d is for domestic use. Water table is in the range of 4.35m- 6.53m bgl during pre-monsoon and 3.08m-4.80 m bgl during post-monsoon. R&R involves village Chharla and Darlipali, Jurabaga, Kirama, Kusurai with 509 PAFs of which 142 have been resettled and 367 PAFs to be resettled. Coal evacuation is through Rail by Unit Train Loading System (UTLs) for thermal power stations. Project has been approved on 25.05.2008. It was informed that Rs 33.42 crores would be spent for CSR during balance life of the project. An amount of Rs 5/tonne of coal has been earmarked for CSR activities.

 

The year-wise production during the last 10 years in Belpahar OCP Expn. is given below:

EC granted  = 4.5 MTPA on 16.08.2005, EC applied for 6 MTPA on 07.01.2010

 

S.N.

YEAR

ACTUAL PRODN. (MTPA

1.

2000-01

2.27

2.

2001-02

2.66

3.

2002-03

2.25

4.

2003-04

2.95

5.

2004-05

3.37

6.

2005-06

3.71

7.

2006-07

4.49

8.

2007-08

4.59

9.

2008-09

5.00

10.

2009-10

6.55

T

The Committee observed that the production has exceed the production (6.55 MTPA) for which EC has been applied for (6 MTPA). The Committee stated that the proponent may examine if the project could expand further and if so, the normative and peak capacity for further expansion vide decisions in the meeting held on 28.02.2008 between MOC and MOEF, where CIL, all the coal India subsidiaries including CMD MCL, and CMPDIL had participated. The proponent was advised to contact M/s WCL in this regard. The Committee observed that flyash dumping into the voids is proposed and desired that feasibility trials along with chemical analysis of the flyash and the soil for leachability characteristics be undertaken and furnished. The Committee observed that Chharla and Darlipali villages are located very near to the mine and should be resettled as per the R&R Policy of Govt. of Orissa. The Committee sought a detailed Action Plan for CSR.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project after receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

15.       Establishment of Coal Washery (5 MTPA) of M/s Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd. located in district Chhendipeda, district Angul Orissa (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for establishment of a new coal washery of 5 MTPA capacity in a total land area of 12.13 ha of which 8.34 ha is Govt. land and 3.79 ha is agricultural land. The washery is being established with a technical support of “NEDO “Japan with the GOI (MoF) for use of Vari-Wave Jig Auto rejects control system. The total washed coal  would be 3.57 MTPA and rejects would be 1.43 MTPA. Grade of raw coal is ‘F’ which would be obtained from the captive coal mines – Utkal B2 and Mandakini OCP at a distance of 22.5 km and 17 km (aerial) from the washery. The washed (clean) coal would be loaded directly into the railway wagons in the railway siding located within the washery premises. The total water requirement is 94 m3/h and would be sourced from River Brahmani. Coal rejects (with an ash content of 71.1 %) would be sent to FBC based power plant of M/s Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd. at Raigarh, Chahttisgarh or disposed off in mine voids. The washed coal would be despatched to the proposed power plant of M/s Monnet Power Company Ltd., at a distance of 13.6 Km from the washery for power generation. Transporation of raw coal would be by road and then by conveyor and for coal rejects through road and rail combination. The total cost of the project is Rs 68 crores.

 

The Committee sought details of the MOU with Govt. of Japan/NEDO and GOI which was furnished during the meeting. The Committee observed that the proposed plan to backfill mine voids of Utkal B2 and Mandakini, which got EC recently, with rejects, cannot be agreed to as both these projects did not include this issue in their EIA-EMP Reports and feasibility trials have not been conducted.  The Committee desired that the rejects be utilised in the Power Plant of Monnet Ispat. The Committee desired that soil analysis for heavy metals and any other minerals in the area may be undertaken. The Committee was of the view that the use of coal rejects in the FBC based TPP was a good proposition and details of which can be incorporated in the EIA-EMP report. The Committee sought details of the water balance for the project (total water requirement) and also the ash balance and calorific value of the raw coal, clean coal, coal fines, and coal rejects. The Committee desired that the location of sampling monitoring station BA2 & BAand second control station should be shifted to the second pre-dominant wind direction. AAQ monitoring should include PM 10 and PM 2.5. The Committee desired that a Public Hearing should be conducted for the project.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)         A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)        The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)         A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

 (iv)        Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(iv)         Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)       Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)      Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)     Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)       Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)        Details of green belt development.

(xi)       Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xiv)     Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xv)        Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xvi)       Submission of sample test analysis of:

I       Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

II      Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

III     Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xvii)    Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xviii)   Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xxxvi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)        Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)       Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)         After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)          The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(viii)     The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

 

 

16.      Gaurangdih ABC Opencast Coalmine Project (2.5 MTPA in an ML area of 370 ha) of M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd., located in district Burdwan, West Bengal – (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal for a new coalmine in West Bengal has been received in this Ministry for Environmental Clearance, which was considered in the meeting held in January 2011 and was further considered for TOR. As desired by the EAC, a representative of M/s Himachal Power was present. The Committee discussed the issue regarding constitution of the JV, MOU and Agreement for power sharing and for distribution of electricity amongst the JV company partners and with the H.P. State Govt. for which supporting documents were sought. The Committee at the end of the discussions, decided that the matter requires further clarification and desired that Secretary (Power)/Senior representatives of the State Govt. of H.P. along with MD, Himachal Power may kindly participate in the meeting.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

*           *           *

 


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 19th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 21st -22nd FEBRUARY 2011 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

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1.         Shri V.P. Raja                         …        …        …        …                                Chairman

 

2.         Prof. C.R.Babu                       …        …        ……     …                                Member

 

3.         Shri T.K. Dhar                         …        …        …        …                                Member

 

4.         Shri J.L. Mehta                       …        …        …        …                                Member

 

5.         Dr.C.B.S.Dutt                          …        …        …        ..                                  Member

 

6.         Prof. Roonwal                         …        …        …        …                                Member

 

7.         Dr. T. Chandini                        …        …        …                                Scientist F MOEF

 

8.         Dr. Rubab Jaffer         …        …        …        …        …                    Scientist B, MOEF

 

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In addition, Shri P.R.Mandal, Advisor (Projects), Ministry of Coal and Dr.R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 19th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 21st -22nd FEBRUARY 2011 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

1.         M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

 

                1.             Shri K. Chakroborty, GM (Mining)

                2.             Shri A.C. Ray, GM (Env. )

                3.             Sh. Debabrata Das, Sr. Officer (Hydrogeologist)

                4.             Shri S.K.Jagnani, CMPDI

                5.             Shri R.N.Jha, GM (Mining)

 

2.             M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

                1.             Sh. Gopal Singh, Director (Tech.)

                2.             Shri S.C.Shankar, Sr.Manager

                3.             Shri M. Bhattacharya, GM (Env.)

                4.             Shri S. Singh, Manager

                5.             Shri DVS Rao, Chief Magr, CMPDI

                6.             Shri RN Biswas, CMPDI

               

3.             M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. 

                1.             Shri D.C. Jha, Director (Tech.)

                2.             Dr.R.K.Sinha, Chief Manager

                3.             Dr.EVR Raju, Sr. Manager

                4.             Shri Amit Roy, Sr. Manager, CMPDI

                5.             Shri D.Bhattachrjee, CMPDI

                6.             Shri VK Singh, CMPDI

 

4.             M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

                1.     Shri N. Kumar, Dir (Tech.).

                2.     Shr A. Shekhar, Manager

                3.     Shri Rakesh Pandit, GM (Env.),

                4.     Shri BN Basu, CMPDI

 

5.             M/s Jindal Power Ltd.

                1.             Dr.J.K.Soni

                2.             Shri RS Sharma

                3.             Shri Anand Goel

                4.             Shri PK Chakroborty

                5.             Shri J.Maitra

                6.             Shri S. Jena

                7.             Sh. Shishir Sharma

                8.             Dr.SS Garg

               

6.             M/s Gujarat Power Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Sh. Rajnish Singh

                2.             Sh. SK Goswami, OM

                3.             Sh. Nayan Chokki

                4.             Sh. S. Pentu Saheb, NEERI

 

7.             M/s Aryan Coal Beneficiation (P) Ltd.

                1.             Sh. R.Khanna

                2.             Dr.Marisha Sharma

 

8.             M/s Orissa Power Generation Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Sh. Ritwick Mishra, DGM

                2.             Dr.Kshirod Brahma, GM (Mines)

                3.             Sh. Nihar Ranjan Naik, GM

                4.             Sh. Saroj Kar, Sr. Manager

 

9.             M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.

                1.             Sh. BC Tripathy, GM, Env.

                2.             Shri S.Chandra, MCL

                3.             Sh. RP Gupta, MCL

                4.             Sh. C. Jayadev, MCL

                5.             Sh. RK Shukla, MCL

                6.             Sh. S.N.Dash, Orient Area, MCL

                7.             Sh. S. Roy Choudhary, Orient Area, MCL

                8.             Sh. GK Vaishan, MCL

                9.             Sh. GC Bauri, MCL

                10.          Sh. A. Singh, CMPDI

                11.          Sh. KS Ganapathy, CMPDI

12.          Sh. AK Samataray, CMPDI

               

10.          M/s Monnet Ispat & Energy Ltd.

                1.             Sh. KS Rao

                2.             Sh. JP Lath

                3.             Sh. HL Sapru

                4.             Sh. Rajesh Rana

                5.             Sh. BD Sharma

 

11.                          M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd.

                1.             Sh S Ghosh, SVP, JSW

                2.             Shri DS Verma, HPPCL

                3.             Sh. AK Tooley

                4.             Sh. BK Paul, HEPL

                5.             Sh. Bikash Mukherjee, GCL

                6.             Dr.BK Tewary, CIMFR

 

              

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