Minutes of the 32nd Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 27th & 28th January, 2012 at IOCL Conference Room, 5th Floor, Core 6, Scope Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi -110003.

 

32.0   Opening Remarks of the Chairman

 

At the outset, Chairman welcomed the members of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1). Thereafter, agenda items were taken up for discussion.

 

32.1   Confirmation of the Minutes of the 31st Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held on 22nd - 23rd December, 2011.

 

Minutes of the 31st Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 22nd & 23rd December, 2011 were confirmed.

 

32.2.0     Consideration of the Projects

 

27th January, 2012

 

Proposals for Environmental clearance

 

32.2.1   Expansion of pulp production capacity from 500 TPD to 650 TPD by modernization and debottlenecking the process at Sreeram Nagar, Rajahmundry, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh by M/s Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills Limited- regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s Team Labs and Consultants, Hyderabad gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of Reference (TORs) awarded during the 14th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1), held during 23rd – 25th September, 2010 for preparation of EIA/EMP. Pulp and paper industry excluding manufacturing paper from waste paper and manufacture of paper from ready pulp without bleaching are listed at serial no. 5(i) of schedule of EIA Notification, 2006 under category A and appraised at central level.

 

            M/s Andhra Pradesh Paper Mills Limited have proposed for expansion of pulp production capacity from 500 TPD to 650 TPD by modernization and debottlenecking the process at Sreeram Nagar, Rajahmundry, East Godavari District, Andhra Pradesh. The project site is located at the intersection of the coordinates East 810 46’ 20” and North latitude 170 01’41” with an elevation of 26.5 m. The unit has 123.86 acres of land of which 27.90 acres of the area was developed as green belt. The proposed expansion will carried with in the existing plant premises. River Godavari is flowing from northwest to south direction and passing at a distance of 0.7 km from the plant site. The nearest human settlement from the site is Rajahmundry.  Rajahmundry Railway station (SC Railway) is at a distance of 2.1 km from the plant area in south direction. National highway is at a distance of 3.2 km from the plant area in east direction. Divancheruvu west reserved forest is at a distance of 4.5 km in east direction, Divancheruvu east reserve forest is at a distance of 8.5 km in NE direction. No forest land is involved in the project area. No National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuaries / Eco-sensitive areas are located within 10 km radius of the site. Total cost for the proposed expansion is Rs. 19.60 Crores in which Rs. 152.5 Lakhs have been earmarked towards the capital cost and Rs. 350.8 Lakhs have been earmarked towards the recurring cost after expansion for environmental protection.

 

Details of the products and their production capacities are as follows:

 

S. No

Products

Existing (TPD)

Proposed (TPD)

Total TPD

1.

Pulp

500

150

650

 

2.

Paper

593

----

593

3.

Captive Power

46 MW

----

46 MW

 

It is proposed to optimize the production capacity, by ensuring the equipment and machinery is used to their optimal capacity, thereby enhancing the productivity. The optimization shall also proportionately reduce the resource consumption and effluent generation. The de-bottlenecking process involves replacement of screen rotors with Dolphin type rotors and installation of high pressure water pump to Eop & Do stages of bleach plant for washers mesh in the fibre line. Modification of air handling system and ESP in the recovery island, balancing of re-causticizing plant and lime kilns is also avaiable. 

 

The baseline study for ambient air quality, surface, ground water quality, noise & soil quality and flora & fauna of the study area was conducted during period from October to December 2010. Ambient air quality monitoring has been carried out for PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NOx at 8 locations including the Project Site. The highest reported value for these parameters are 60 mg/m3, 30 mg/m3, 12 mg/m3 and 10 mg/m3 respectively, VOC and HC values are observed below detectable limits. The cumulative concentrations including predicted values are within the prescribed standards for Ambient Air Quality.  The sources of air pollution from the plant are existing recovery boiler, rotary kilns and coal fired boilers. The emissions from the boiler and rotary kilns are passed through Electro Static Precipitator with an outlet concentration of 50 mg/Nm3. DG set is provided with stack height as per CPCB guidelines. Bag filter is provided to control the fugitive emissions.

 

The total water requirement after expansion will be 49,100 m3/day, which is drawn from the River Godavari.  The wastewater generated from the plant after expansion would be 35,955 m3/day which will be reused for green belt development after treatment and excess treated waste water shall be sent to turupulanka sand shoals of River Godavari.  Domestic effluent of 2,800 m3/day would be sent to municipal sewer line. The unit has an existing effluent treatment plant with a capacity of 20 MGD for treating the effluent generated from process blow downs.  The capacity is adequate to meet the total effluent generation of 35,955 m3/day after debottlenecking.   The treated wastewater is pumped through two closed pipe lines (48’’ MS pipe and 30” hume pipe) to lagoons constructed on sand shoals having an approximate area of 612 acres, leased to APPM by the Authorities. The area lies in the middle of the River Godavari. Solid wastes generated from the process are ETP sludge, which shall be sent to boiler or sold to egg tray manufacturers, chip dust shall be sent to boiler, lime sludge shall be reburnt in rotary lime kiln and from the utilities are lubricating oil, Container liners and PVC scrap, which are sent to authorized recyclers.

 

            Public hearing was conducted by the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board on 21.09.2011. The issues raised during the public hearing were regarding health issues due to the plant, provision of drinking water from River Godavari to the villagers, and employment to the local people, pollution control measures, CSR activities, green belt development etc. All these issues addressed by the proponent.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee sought OHS data analysis of workers and flood hazard management plan for River Godavari. Taking into account, the issues raised in Public Hearing, the Committee also recommended for a site visit by a Sub-Committee of EAC-1 (Industry). The proposal will be re-considered after site visit without calling the PP.

 

32.2.2   Expansion of the existing unit by manufacturing of additional AC Sheets & Moulded Goods@ 1,500 MTPM at Plot No. C-231, C-231 P & C-231 P1, MIDC Butibori Industrial Area, District Nagpur, Maharashtra by M/s U.P. Asbestos Limited- regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The Project authorities and their consultant, M/s Earth Care Labs Pvt. Ltd., Nagpur, gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of Reference (ToRs) awarded during the 18th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 24th – 25th January, 2011 for preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Asbestos Plants are listed at S.No.4 (c) under Category ‘A’ of the Schedule of EIA Notification 2006 and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s U.P. Asbestos Limited (UPAL) have proposed for expansion of the existing unit by manufacturing of additional AC Sheets & Moulded Goods @ 1500 TPM at Plot No. C-231, C-231 P & C-231 P1, MIDC Butibori Industrial Area, District Nagpur, Maharashtra. Environmental Clearance for the existing plant to manufacture AC Sheets and Moulded Goods @ 3,000 TPM was accorded by the Ministry vide letter No. J-11011/65/2000-IA II dtd. 12th December 2000.  No show cause notice has been issued for the existing unit and there is no litigation pending. UPAL has a total area of 11.25 acres with built up area of 3.1 acres and green belt area of 3.7 acres (about 33 %).  For the proposed expansion, no additional land will be required. No National Park, Wildlife sanctuary, Tiger/Elephant Reserve, Reserve/Protected Forest is located within the study area of 10 Km. Total cost of the proposed expansion will be Rs. 4.25 crores. The total capital cost and recurring cost/annum towards pollution control measures will be Rs. 20 lakhs and Rs. 8.50 lakhs respectively.

 

Asbestos (Chrysotile 90 MTPM), Cement (OPC 665 MTPM), Fly ash (395 MTPM) and Synthetic fibre, wood pulp & cotton rags pulp (90 MPTM) will be used as raw materials.  Power requirement will be met from the existing total connected load from MSEDCL and for emergency purposes 500 KVA DG set will be operated. The asbestos fiber of chrysotile variety will be imported from Kazakistahan, Poland, Zimbawe etc. in HDPE woven bags in pellets. Existing Bag filters will be modernized to control dust emissions from raw material handling areas.  Existing fully automatic bag opening device will be used in the expansion project. The whole bag opening and shredding operations will be carried in enclosed operations and negative pressure will be maintained.

 

Ambient air quality monitoring has been carried for PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NOx. Values of these parameters range from 54.3 to 84.9 µg/m3, 31.6 - 56.2 µg/m3, 15.6 - 29.8 µg/m3, 24.5 - 40.10 µg/m3 respectively.  Values conform to the prescribed standards. The predicted ground level concentration (GLC) due to existing and proposed expansion for PM10, and SO2 is 0.54 µg/m3 and 0.19 µg/m3 respectively. The resultant concentration is within the prescribed standards.

 

The total water requirement after the proposed expansion will be 220 m3/day, which will be sourced from MIDC WTP, Buitbori. No ground water will be required for the expansion project. The process wastewater will be completely recycled. No effluent will be discharged on land and zero discharge will be adopted. During rainy season, excess industrial effluent, if any, will be treated and sent to CETP, Butibori. Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit. It is proposed to harvest the rain water to use it for process purposes and to recharge the ground water.

 

The solid waste generated will be recycled / reused. Dry waste such as broken sheets pieces will be pulverized in pulverizer and reused.  Bag shredder attached to automated bag opening device will be provided with cyclone and the shredded particles will be recycled along with the opened fiber. Dust collected from dust collectors will be recycled in the process.  ETP sludge will be recycled/reused. The excess dry wastes and sludge will be disposed off at CHWTSDF, Butibori.

 

Public hearing is not required as per Para 7(i) III (b) of EIA Notification, 2006 as the project is located in notified industrial area.

 

The Committee took note of the compliance status of the existing capacity. The company has installed a fully automatic asbestos fibre debagging machine. Rain water harvesting is being carried. Asbestos containing residues are recycled in the process. Asbestos fibre count in the workzone achieved is below 0.1 fibre/cc.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to the following specific conditions along with other environmental conditions:

 

  i.      The project proponent shall adhere to the prescribed BIS standards and laws regarding use and handling of asbestos, safety of employees etc. Raw materials like asbestos fibre and cement shall be transported in closed containers. Asbestos fibre shall be brought in pelletized form in impermeable bags and under compressed condition.

 

 ii.      Only Chrysotile white asbestos fibre shall be used. Blue asbestos shall not be utilized as raw material in the manufacturing process.

 

iii.      There shall be no manual handling/opening of asbestos fiber bags. The company shall install fully automatic asbestos fiber debagging system before commissioning the unit.

 

iv.      Fugitive emissions shall be controlled by bringing cement in closed tankers, fly ash in covered trucks and asbestos in impervious bags opening inside a closed mixer. Dust collectors shall be provided to Fibre mill, Bag opening device (BOD), Cement and Fly ash silos to control emissions.  Bag filters followed by wet washer shall be provided at automatic bag opening machine, bag shredder, fibre mill and to cement silo to collect the dust and recycle it into the process. Fugitive emissions generated from hopper of Jaw crusher and Pulverizer shall be channelized through hood with proper suction arrangement, bag filter and stack.

 

v.      The Company shall comply with total dust emission limit of 2 mg/Nm3 as notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Adequate measures shall be adopted to control the process emission and ensure that the stack emission of asbestos fibre shall not exceed the emission limit of 0.2 fiber/cc.  Asbestos fibre in work zone environment shall be maintained within 0.1 fibre/cc.

 

vi.      Bags containing asbestos fibre shall be stored in enclosed area to avoid fugitive emissions of asbestos fibre from damaged bags, if any.

 

vii.      Proper housekeeping shall be maintained within the plant premises. Process machinery, exhaust and ventilation systems shall be laid in accordance with Factories Act. Better housekeeping practices shall be adopted for improvement of the environment within the work environment also. These include:

 

(a)   All monitoring transfer points shall be connected to dust extraction system.

(b)   Leakages or dust from machines and ducts shall be plugged.

(c)   Floor shall be cleaned by vacuum cleaner only.

(d)   Enclosed belt conveyer shall be used instead of manual transportation of asbestos within the premises.

 

viii.      Quarterly monitoring of pollutant (PM10, asbestos fibre count) in the work zone area and stack(s) shall be undertaken by the Project proponents. In addition, the asbestos fibre count in the work zone area shall be monitored by an Independent monitoring agency like NIOH / ITRC / NCB or any other approved agency and reports submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, SPCB and CPCB.

 

ix.      Total water requirement shall not exceed 220 m3/day and prior permission for the drawl of water shall be obtained. All the recommendations of the State Ground Water Department, Govt. of Maharashtra shall be implemented in time bound manner.

 

x.      As reflected in the Environmental Management Plan, all the treated effluent shall be recycled and reused in the manufacturing process. No process water shall be discharged outside the premises and ‘zero’ discharge shall be maintained. All the domestic wastewater shall be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit and used for green belt development.

 

xi.      The Company shall ensure that the entire solid waste generated including process rejects, cement, fly ash, dust from bag filters and empty asbestos bag shall be recycled back in the manufacturing process. Process sludge shall be 100% recycled and reused in the process.  Hazardous waste shall be ground in dust proof pulverizer with integrated bag filter and recycled back to the process. Asbestos fibres which cannot be further recycled due to contamination of iron dust shall be stored in HDPE lined secured landfill. The disposal facilities for asbestos waste shall be in accordance with the Bureau of Indian Standard Code.

 

xii.      The cut and damaged fibre bags shall immediately be repaired. Empty fibre bags will be shredded into fine particles in a bag shredder and recycled into the process. Piling of AC sheets shall be done in wet condition only.

 

xiii.      The Company shall obtain a certificate from the supplier of Chrysotile fibre that it does not contain any toxic or trace metals. A copy of certificate shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

 

xiv.      Regular medical examination of the workers and health monitoring of all the employees shall be carried out and if cases of asbestosis are detected, necessary compensation shall be arranged under the existing laws. A competent occupational health physician shall be appointed to carry out medical surveillance. Occupational health of all the workers shall be monitored for lung function test, chest x-ray, sputum for acid-fast-bacilli (AFC) and asbestos body (AB), urine for sugar and albumen, bloat tests for TLC, DLC, ESR, Hb and records maintained for at least 40 years from the beginning of the employment or 15 years after the retirement or cessation of employment whichever is later. Occupational Health Surveillance shall be carried out as per the directives of the Hon’ble Supreme Court including the recent Kalyaneswari case.

 

xv.      To educate the workers, all the work places where asbestos dust may cause a hazard shall be clearly indicated as a dust exposure area through the use of display signs which identifies the hazard and the associated health effects.

 

xvi.      The company shall also undertake rain water harvesting measures and plan of action shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests within three months.

 

xvii.      Green belt shall be developed in at least 33 % of plant area as per the CPCB guidelines in consultation with the DFO.

 

xviii.      At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on locals need and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

32.2.3   Proposed Ferro Alloys manufacturing unit (4x9 MVA) submerged Electric Arc Furnace for production of 51,022 TPA of Silico-Mn, 70, 974 TPA of Ferro-Mn, 57,222 TPA of Ferro-Chrome and 24,842 TPA of Ferro-Silicon at Sy. No. 61, 63, 67 & 68, Village Penubarthi, Mandal Gurla, District Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh by M/s Astra Ferro - Tech Pvt. Limited- regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s Sri Sai Manasa Nature Tech Pvt. Ltd., Hyderabad gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of Reference (ToRs) awarded during the 25th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held on 29th - 30th June, 2011 for preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Ferro alloy plants are listed at S. No. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industry of the Schedule of EIA Notification 2006 under Category’ A’ and appraised at Central level. 

 

M/s Astra Ferro - Tech Pvt. Limited. have proposed for a Ferro Alloys Manufacturing Unit (4 no’s of  9 MVA SEAF for manufacture of 51,022 TPA of Silico-Mn, 70,974 TPA of Ferro-Mn, 57,222 TPA of Ferro-Chrome and 24,842 TPA of Ferro-Silicon) at Sy. No. 61, 63, 67 & 68, Village Penubarthi, Mandal Gurla, District Vizianagaram, Andhra Pradesh. Total land acquired is 18.24 acres of which green belt will be developed in 6.20 acres. No National Park, Wildlife sanctuary, Tiger/Elephant Reserve, Reserved/Protected Forest is located within the study area of 10 Km. Total cost of the proposed project will be Rs. 110.0 Crores. Out of these Rs. 5.3 Crores is allocated for EMP.

 

Following will be the facilities and products from the proposed project:

 

FACILITY

CAPACITY

PRODUCTS

PRODUCTION CAPACITY (TPA)

Submerged

Electric

Arc Furnace

4 x 9 MVA

Silico Manganese

51,022

Ferro Manganese

70,974

Ferro Chrome

57,222

Ferro Silicon

24,842

 

Manganese ore, coal, dolomite, quartz, electrode paste will be used as raw materials. Manufacturing process involves smelting of charge materials in submerged arc furnace. Total power requirement of 132 KVA will be met from the substation. Thereafter daily requirement will be 34 m3/d.

 

Dust extraction system with bag filters will be provided to submerged arc furnace to control particulate emissions. Water sprinkling system will be provided to control fugitive dust emissions from material handling. Initial water requirement will be 160 m3/d which will be sourced from ground water.  Ambient air quality monitoring has been carried  out at 8 locations for PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NOx. Values of these parameters range from 19.25 to 28.0 µg/m3, 37.65 - 39.8 µg/m3, 4.6 - 7.7 µg/m3, 12.6 - 21.06 µg/m3 respectively.  Values conform to the prescribed standards. The predicted ground level concentration (GLC) due to existing and proposed expansion for PM10, and SO2 is 1.42 µg/m3 and 3.52 µg/m3  and 1.876 µg/m3  respectively. The overall concentration of the parameter is within the prescribed limit.

 

No process wastewater will be generated. Maximum recycling of wastewater will be done after treatment. The treated wastewater will be used for green belt development. Zero effluent discharge will be maintained. Domestic wastewater generated will be sent to septic tank followed by soak pit.

 

The various solid waste materials arising out of the processes will be reutilized to the extent possible. Other waste materials which cannot be reused are planned to be dumped in an environmental friendly manner in a separate area. Silico-Manganese slag will be disposed for filling low lying areas and road laying. The bag filter dust will be disposed to brick manufacturing units. CLP test will be done for Ferro-chrome slag before its disposal in dump yard in the plant premises. Domestic and commercial solid waste will be collected, segregated and disposed for reuse and to dumping yard. The committee did not approve slag dumping and sought a utilization plan. Bag filter dust will be sent to fly ash brick manufacturing units. Noise absorbing materials will be used in the construction of buildings etc. and less noise generating machinery will be installed.

 

           Public Hearing/public consultation was conducted by the Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board on 27th October, 2011. The issues raised in the public hearing meeting were regarding provision of employment to local people, pollution control measures etc. which have been addressed and included in the EIA/EMP report.

 

            The Committee after detailed deliberations sought the following information for reconsideration:

 

·         Revised lay out plant showing the slag process are and with water harvesting pond.

 

·         Chemical and Trace element analysis of Raw Materials from Source.

 

·         Management plan for slag

 

·         Plan for Rain water harvesting for 2-3 months

 

·         Detailed action plan for Enterprise Social Commitment

 

 

32.2.4   Proposed expansion/upward integration of existing Beneficiation Plant with additional 1 MTPA Iron Ore Pelletization Plant within existing Beneficiation Plant premises at Village – Basantpur, Sub-division – Champua, Tehsil- Barbil ,District – Keonjhar, Odisha by M/s. Pro Minerals Private Limited – regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The project authorities along with their consultant, M/s. S. S. Environics (India) Pvt. Ltd., Bhubaneswar gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the proposal along with proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of References (TORs) issued during the 28th meeting of Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 26th – 27th September, 2011 for preparation of EIA/EMP. Pelletization being a primary metallurgical process, it is listed at Sl.No. 3(a) under Category (A) of the schedule of EIA Notification, 2006 and appraised by the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) of MoEF.

 

The proposed expansion is an upward integration of existing 1 MTPA Iron Ore Beneficiation Plant with additional 1 MTPA Iron Ore Pelletization Plant using Circular Pelletization Technology. The existing Beneficiation plant has obtained environmental clearance from MoEF in the year 2010 and NOC from SPCB, Odisha.  The project is in advanced stages of construction phase. This expansion is proposing over an area of 3.921 acres within the existing Beneficiation Plant premises of 78.39 acres and 26.3 acres has been earmarked for green belt development. No additional land is required for the proposed expansion. No national park, wildlife sanctuary, biosphere reserve etc. exist within 10 Km radius of the project site. Schedule-I fauna was found within 10 km area of project site, for which Wildlife Conservation Plan has been prepared and approved by Principal CCF (Wildlife) & Chief Wildlife Warden, Odisha. Total project cost is Rs. 269.14 Crores and capital cost of Rs. 13.5 Crores is earmarked for Environmental Protection Measures.

 

Iron Ore fines (10,09,000 TPA - 600,000 TPA from Iron Ore Beneficiation Plant OBP by closed conveyor & balance from nearby mines by road), Bentonite (10,000 TPA), Limestone (10,000 TPA), Furnace Oil (24,648 TPA) and Coke breeze (12, 960 TPA) from local market by rail/road are the raw materials that will be used. The finished product i.e. pellets will be transported by road/rail. Power Requirement for Pelletization Plant will be 10.6 MW and will be sourced from OPTCL.

 

Baseline data was collected during summer season (from March to May 2011). Ambient air quality was monitored at ten locations with respect to PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NOX, CO, O3, Ni, Pb, As, NH3, Benzene, Benzo (a) Pyrene. The AAQ analysis indicates concentration of PM10 varies in the range of 34-74 µg/m3, PM2.5 in the range of 24-45 µg/m3, SO2 in the range of 4.0-12.9 µg/m3, NOX in the range of 9.0-14.5 µg/m3, CO in the range of 0.1-0.16 mg/m3, Ozone in the range of 5.0-8.3 µg/m3, NH3 in the range of 20.0-32.0 µg/m3, Benzene in the range of 0.1-0.23 µg/m3, B(a)P in the range of 0.1-0.21 ng/m3, Ni less than 1 ng/m3, Pb less than 0.1 µg/m3 and Ac less than 1 ng/m3. All the values are within NAAQS. Prediction of Ground Level Concentrations (GLCs) due to proposed expansion has been made by using concentration of Industrial Source Complex, Short Term (ISCST3) as per CPCB guidelines, which indicated an incremental of 0.45 µg/m3, 0.45 µg/m3, 1.13 µg/m3, 1.20 µg/m3 and 0.52 µg/m3 for PM10, PM2.5, SO2, NOx and CO respectively. Predicted GLCs of pollutants after implementation of the proposed project are within the described standards.

 

Water sprinklers for raw material handling and material transfer to control the fugitive emissions, ESP for Indurating furnace and Bag filter to control particulate emissions the PM will be provided. The proposed expansion requires 75 m3/day of water for pelletization process, which will be sourced from Baitarani River. Rain water harvesting capacity of 2 months water requirement is proposed. No wastewater will be generated from the process. Domestic waster water (5.6 m3/day) will be treated in the STP of existing Iron Ore Beneficiation Plant and will be reused for plantation and dust suppression in the plant. There is no solid waste generation from the process of Pelletization as the rejects from intermediary process will be recycled back in process. Dust collected from ESPs at Indurating Furnace & Bag filter will be recycled to pellet mixture. Broken pellets will be recycled through grinding plant.  STP Sludge (3.2 Kg/day) will be used as manure for plantation

 

            The proposed expansion project was exempted from Public Hearing as per para 7 (ii) of EIA Notification, 2006 as the public hearing for the beneficiation plant was carried under this notification, there was no additional land requirement and there will be zero discharge of effluent.  The Committee took note of compliance to the conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance and NOC granted by the Ministry and CPCB respectively.  The existing plant is at the construction stage.  The Company has undertaken plantation programme.  Dust suppression system are being installed.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the proposal for environmental clearance with following specific and general conditions:

 

1.    Compliance to all the specific and general conditions stipulated for the existing plant by the Central/State Govt. should be ensured and regular reports submitted to the Ministry and its Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.

 

2.    Efforts should be made to reduce levels in the ambient air and a time bound action plan should be submitted. Continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), bag house, bag filters etc. should be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 and installing energy efficient technology.  No charcoal should be used as raw material.

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

4.    Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines/Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed. New standards for the sponge iron plant issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 should be followed.

 

5.    Vehicular pollution due to transportation of raw material and finished product should be controlled.  Proper arrangements should also be made to control dust emissions during loading and unloading of the raw material and finished product.

 

6.    Prior ‘permission’ for the drawl of 75 m3/day water from River Baitarani and rain water harvesting pond from the concerned department should be obtained.

 

  1. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

  1. Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, SPCB and CPCB.

 

9.    ‘Zero’ effluent discharge should be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

  1. Proper handling, storage, utilization and disposal of all the solid waste should be ensured and regular report regarding toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition, end use of solid/hazardous waste should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, SPCB and CPCB. 

 

11.  A time bound action plan should be submitted to reduce solid waste, its proper utilization and disposal.

 

12.  A Disaster Management Plan should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, OSPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

13.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

14.  Green belt shall be developed in at least 33 % of plant area as per the CPCB guidelines in consultation with the DFO.

 

15.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on locals need and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

32.2.5   Proposed Ferro Alloy Plant (1 x 2.5 MVA, 2 x 3.6 MVA, & 1 x 9.0 MVA Submerged Arc Furnace) for production of 24,500 TPA of high carbon Ferro Manganese, Silicon Manganese & Ferro Silicon at Plot No. 41-B, Silphahari Industrial Area, Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh by M/s. Bharati Minerals Pvt. Ltd. - regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The project proponents and their consultant, M/s Ramky Enviro Engineers Limited, Hyderabad gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 24th  Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 19th - 20th May, 2011 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  The proposed project falls under Primary Metallurgy Industry, which is listed at S.No. 3(a) in Category ‘A’ and appraised by the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry) in the Ministry as per the EIA Notification dated 14th September, 2006.

 

M/s Bharathi Minerals Pvt. Ltd. has proposed for the Ferro Alloy Plant (1 x 2.5 MVA, 2 x 3.6 MVA, & 1 x 9.0 MVA Submerged Arc Furnace) at Plot No. 41-B, Silphahari Industrial Area, Bilaspur District, Chhattisgarh. Total land acquired is 5.0 acres of which 1.749 acres will be developed under green belt. Nearest habitation is Basia village at 1.5 Km and nearest town is Bilaspur at 9.0 Km.   No national park/wild life sanctuary/reserve forest is located within 10 km radius of the project site. Total cost of the project is Rs. 867 lakhs of which Rs. 85 lakhs and Rs. 5 lakhs will be earmarked towards total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures. 

 

The details of the products along with their capacity are given below:

 

Facility

Products

Capacity

Submerged Arc Furnace -

 (1 x 2.5 MVA, 2 x 3.6 MVA, & 1 x 9.0 MVA)

High carbon Ferro Manganese,

Silico Manganese

and Ferro Silicon

24,500 TPA

 

Manganese ore - (27,720 TPA), Dolomite - (5,544 TPA) and coke 10,080 TPA used as reducing agent are the raw materials for Ferro Manganese product (12,600 TPA), where as Manganese ore- 31.500 TPA, Dolomite - (2,898 TPA), Quartz - (3,024 TPA) and coke - (8,820 TPA) used as reducing agent) are the raw materials for Silco Manganese product (12,600 TPA). Quartz will be used as de-sulphurising agent. No charcoal will be used as reducing agent or in any other process. Ferro Manganese, Silico Manganese and Ferro Silicon will be produced in submerged arc furnace (SAF). The raw materials will be thoroughly mixed and charged into the furnace. The charge will enter the smelting zone, smelted at 1200-13000C and the alloy formed being heavy settle at the bottom and will be cast in dressed beds.  After solidification, the cakes will be broken manually to required lump size.

 

Dust and Fume extraction system followed by bag filters will be provided to the submerged arc furnaces. The emission will be dispersed through a chimney of adequate height of 30m. Fugitive emissions due to transportation will be controlled by water sprinkling on the roads. Raw material and product will be kept in covered sheds.

Total water requirement of  65 m3/d  will be sourced from the CSIDC and mainly used for cooling purposes. The treated effluent cooling  will be used for slag cooling and dust suppression. Domestic effluent (9 m3/d) will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit. No effluent will be discharged outside the plant premises and Zero discharge will be adopted.

 

Solid waste like bag filter dust will be reused in the process. The slag (in worst case 22,050 TPA) generated from the production of FeMn and SiMn will be used for construction of boundary walls. The slag generated will be tested for heavy metals by carrying TCLP test. Waste oil and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers /reprocessors. Acoustic enclosures will be provided to D.G. sets to control noise.  Power (18 MW) will be sourced from Chattisgarh State Power Distribution Co. Ltd. D.G. set (1x500 KVA) will be installed for emergency power supply.

 

Public hearing is not required as per Para 7(i) III (b) of EIA Notification, 2006 as the project is located in notified industrial area.

 

The Committee discussed referring the fluoride management.   To this the proponent informed that the raw materials which are being used for the production of ferro alloy do not contain any fluoride content.  Hence the slag generated from the production of proposed product does not contain fluoride.  The ground water analysis shows that the fluoride levels are within the prescribed standards. Regarding slag management, it will be provided to bricks and tiles manufacturing units.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of the following specific conditions along with other environmental conditions:

 

  1. No charcoal shall be used as fuel. Pet coke shall be used as fuel instead of charcoal from unknown sources. 

 

  1. Continuous monitoring facilities for all the stacks and sufficient air pollution control equipments viz. fume extraction system with bag filters, ID fan and stack of adequate height to submerged arc furnace shall be provided to control emissions below 50 mg/Nm3. 

                       

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 shall be followed.

                        

  1. Secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources shall be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB shall be followed.

 

  1. Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water shall be ensured and treated wastewater shall meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, SPCB and CPCB.

                         

  1. The total water requirement shall not exceed 65 m3/day. ‘Zero’ effluent discharge shall be strictly followed and no wastewater should be discharged outside the premises.

 

  1. Efforts shall be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

 

  1. Slag produced in Ferro Manganese (Fe-Mn) production shall be used in manufacture of Silico Manganese (Si-Mn). All the other ferro alloy slag shall be used in the preparation of building materials. 

 

  1. No Ferro Chrome shall be manufactured without prior approval from the Ministry of Environment & Forests.

 

  1. Risk and Disaster Management Plan along with the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, SPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

  1. As proposed, green belt should be developed in at least 33 % of the project area. Selection of plant species shall be as per the CPCB guidelines in consultation with the DFO.

 

12.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on locals need and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal. Implementation of such program shall be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

32.2.6   Proposed Sponge Iron Unit (60,000 TPA), Ferro Alloys Plant (12,000 TPA), Pellet Plant (0.6 MTPA), Beneficiation Plant (1.2 MTPA) and Captive Power Plant (15 MW; 4 MW WHRB & 11 MW FBC) at Village Obulapuram, D. Hirenal Mandal, District Anantnapur in Andhra Pradesh by M/s BIOP Steels & Power Pvt. Limited - regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The project proponents and their consultant, M/s Global Enviro Labs, Hyderabad gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of References (TORs) awarded during the 19th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 22nd & 23rd February, 2011 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  The proposed project falls under Primary Metallurgy Industry, which is listed at S.No. 3(a) in Category A and appraised at the Central level as per the EIA Notification dated 14th September, 2006.

 

            M/s BIOP Steels & Power Pvt. Ltd. have proposed for Sponge Iron Unit (60,000 TPA), Ferro Alloys Plant (12,000 TPA), Pellet Plant (0.6 MTPA), Beneficiation Plant (1.2 MTPA) and Captive Power Plant (15 MW; 4 MW WHRB & 11 MW FBC) at Village Obulapuram, D. Hirenal Mandal, District Anantnapur in Andhra Pradesh. Total project area is 54.0 acres, of which 17.8 acres has been earmarked for green belt. No national park/wildlife sanctuary/eco-sensitive area is located within 10 km radius of the project. No forest land and R & R is involved.  Total project cost is 360.00 Crores and Rs. 20.5 Crores has been earmarked towards environmental pollution control measures.

           

            Following facilities will be installed:

           

S. No.

Unit

Phase I

Phase II

Phase III

Tot

1

Sponge Iron Plant

60,000 TPA

NIL

NIL

60,000 TPA

2

Ferro Alloys Plant

NIL

NIL

12,000 TPA

1x3 & 1x 5 MVA

(Submerged Arc Furnaces)

12,000 TPA

3

Beneficiation Plant

NIL

NIL

12,00,000 TPA

(400 TPM)

1.2 MTPA

4

Pellet Plant

NIL

NIL

6,00,000 TPA

0.6  MTPA

5

Captive Power Plant

NIL

WHRB : 4 MW

FBC : 11 MW

[Total 15 MW]

NIL

15 MW

 

            Iron ore, Coal, Limestone, Iron ore fines, Char, Bentonite, Coke, Manganese Ore, Quartz, Dolomite, Slag and Electrode Paste will be used as raw materials. Iron ore will be sourced from captive mines. Coal will be sourced from Singareni Collieries and imported from Indonesia. Limestone will be sourced from Dhone, Piduguralla. The coke will be imported from Australia, Manganese Ore will be sourced from Sandur, Nagpur etc., Quartz will be sourced from Kadapa, Electrode Paste will be sourced from Jam Nagar and Slag will be purchased locally.

 

Ambient air quality monitoring has been carried at eight locations for PM10, PM2.5, SO2 and NOx. Values of these parameters range from 24 to 34.62 µg/m3, 40 - 62 µg/m3, 3.6 - 6.5 µg/m3, 4.6 - 8.45 µg/m3 respectively.  Values conform to the prescribed standards. The incremental ground level concentration due to the proposed project for PM10, and SO2 is 9.8 µg/m3 and 2.4 µg/m3    and 4.6  µg/m3     at a distance of 1.o km in the South East direction. It will not have impact on the Ballery RF located at a distance of 1 km in North West and Mindheri RF at a distance of 3.0 kin in South East.

 

 

Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) and bag filters will be provided to DRI, WHRB and AFBC boilers to control pollution to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3. Hot gas from sponge iron plant will pass through dust settling chamber (DSC) and after burning chamber (ABC) and dispersed through ID fan and stack of adequate height. Bag filters will be provided to control fugitive dust from conveyor transfer points. Water spraying will be done on raw materials and road for controlling flying dust during unloading and loading.   All the internal roads will be asphalted to control the fugitive dust emission due to vehicular movement.

 

Total ground water requirement from bore well and rain water harvesting will be 885 m3/day. Cooling system will be adopted to recycle/reuse water. The DM plant outlet after primary treatment will be used for green belt. Cooling tower bleed off and boiler blow down will be used for ash quenching. Domestic effluent will be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit/ sewage treatment plant and used for green belt development. No effluent will be discharged outside the premises and zero discharge will be adopted. Rain water harvesting structure will be constructed to harvest the run-off water from the roof tops to recharge the ground water.

 

Char, fly ash, bed ash and ESP dust will be generated as solid waste. Char will be used in Captive Power Plant. Fly ash will be sold to brick manufacturing units.  Waste/used/spent oil (2500 l/yr) and grease (1,500 kg/yr) and used batteries will be sold to authorized recyclers/ re-processors.

 

Total power requirement of unit will be 11.0 MW. The required power line, at 33 KV will be obtained from nearest APEB Substation.  DG set (1000 KVA) will be installed. Light Diesel oil will be used for initial start-up and for intermittent use during operation.  Personal protective equipments like ear muffs will be provided to employees working in high noise prone areas. Acoustic lagging/silencers will be provided to noise generating equipment. There is no litigation/court case pending against the project/land.  

 

Public hearing for the project was conducted by Andhra Pradesh State Pollution Control Board on 29th October, 2011. The issues raised during the public hearing were regarding measures for pollution control, provision of employment to the local villagers, roads water supply, education and medical facilities for surrounding villages etc. All these issues has been addressed and incorporated in the final EIA / EMP report.

 

 After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to submission of coal linkage documents and stipulation of the following specific conditions along with other environmental conditions:

             

1.    On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks should be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), and bag filters etc. shall be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.

                                               

2.    The National Ambient Air Quality Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be followed.

 

3.    Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources should be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB should be followed.

 

  1. No charcoal shall be used as fuel. Pet coke shall be used as fuel instead of charcoal from unknown sources. 

 

5.    Dust suppression system and bag filters shall be installed to control the fugitive dust emissions at conveyor and transfer points, product handling, loading and unloading points.

 

6.    Hot gases from the DRI kiln shall be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then shall be cleaned in ESP before dispersion out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack. ESP shall be installed to control the particulate emissions from the WHRB.

 

7.    Total water requirement shall not exceed 885 m3/ day. The permission from the competent authority do draw the water shall be obtained as may be applicable in this case.

 

8.    Efforts shall further be made to use maximum water from the rain water harvesting sources.  If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources. Use of air cooled condensers shall be explored and closed circuit cooling system shall be provided to reduce water consumption and water requirement shall be modified accordingly.

 

9.    All the effluent should be treated and used for ash handling, dust suppression and green belt development.  No effluent shall be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge shall be adopted. Sanitary sewage should be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.

 

10.  Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water shall be ensured and treated wastewater shall meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore, SPCB and CPCB.

                         

11.  All the char from DRI plant shall be utilized in FBC boiler of power plant and no char shall be disposed off anywhere else. FBC boiler shall be installed simultaneously along with the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.  

 

12.  Slag produced in Ferro Manganese (Fe-Mn) production shall be used in manufacture of Silico Manganese (Si-Mn). All the other ferro alloy slag shall be used in the preparation of building materials. 

 

13.  No Ferro Chrome shall be manufactured without prior approval from the Ministry of Environment & Forests.

 

14.  Proper utilization of fly ash shall be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2003 and 2010. All the fly ash should be provided to cement and brick manufacturers for further utilization and Memorandum of Understanding should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore.

 

  1. Risk and Disaster Management Plan along with the mitigation measures should be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore, SPCB and CPCB within 3 months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

16.  As proposed, green belt shall be developed in 33 % of plant area. Selection of plant species shall be as per the CPCB guidelines in consultation with the DFO.

 

17.  All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Sponge Iron Plants should be implemented.

 

18.  All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 29th October, 2011 shall be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same shall be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore.

                                                   

19.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment (ESC) based on Public Hearing issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bangalore. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

32.2.7   Proposed expansion of Cement Plant (from 1.6 MTPA to 2.6 MTPA) at Villages Bhavaliya, Mangrol & Arniya Joshi, Tehsil Nimbahera, District Chittorgarh, Rajasthan by M/s Lafarge India Pvt. Limited - regarding Environmental Clearance

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s. J.M. EnviroNet Pvt. Ltd., Gurgaon gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken as per Terms of Reference (ToRs) awarded during the 21st Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held on 25th – 26th March, 2011 for preparation of EIA/EMP.  The Cement Plants with production capacity more than 1.0 MTPA are listed at S. No. 3 (b) under Category “A” of the Schedule of EIA Notification 2006 and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s. Lafarge India Pvt. Ltd. has an upcoming Cement Plant having Clinker production capacity 1.6 MTPA, Cement production capacity 1.6 MTPA along with Captive Power Plant (25 MW) & D.G. Set (5 MW) at Villages Bhavaliya & Mangrol and Arniya Joshi Limestone Mine (2.6 MTPA) at village Arniya Joshi, Tehsil: Nimbahera, Chittorgarh (Rajasthan). It is now proposed for expansion of Cement Plant from 1.6 MTPA to 2.6 MTPA - Cement production capacity within the existing plant premises. Total Plant area is 191.3 ha including 168.7 ha for Cement Plant and 22.6 ha for Colony. Since, the proposed expansion will be within the existing plant premises, no additional land will be required for the proposed expansion project. Out of total plant area, green belt has already been developed on 17.25 ha of area. Total area under green belt will be 33 %. Total cost of the project is Rs. 400 Crores. Capital cost for Environmental Protection Measures is Rs. 2 Crores and Recurring Cost is Rs. 30 Lacs/annum. Few Patches of Reserve Forests are present within 10 km radius of study area.

 

Details of the products along with their production capacity are given below:

 

S. No.

Details

Existing capacity

Proposed Expansion

Total capacity after Expansion

1.

Clinker

1.6 MTPA

Nil

1.6 MTPA

2.

Cement (PPC/OPC)

1.6 MTPA

1.0 MTPA

2.6 MTPA

3.

CPP

25 MW

Nil

25 MW

4.

D.G. Set

5 MW

Nil

5 MW

5.

Arniya Joshi Limestone Mine

(ML Area: 1476.425 Ha)

2.6 MTPA

Nil

2.6 MTPA

 

The cement plant is based on the dry process technology for cement manufacturing with pre-heater and pre-calciner technology. Raw materials required for the proposed expansion of cement plant are Clinker, Gypsum & Fly ash, which will be procured from the captive plant, near-by areas and CPP respectively by rail/road. The total power requirement is 40 MW, which will be sourced from Captive Power Plant, RSEB and D.G. Set- for emergency back-up. No additional power generation is proposed.

 

All major sources of air pollution will be provided with Bag Houses/Bag filters to maintain the particulate emission level below 50 mg/Nm3 to control particulate emissions. All material transfer points will be provided with bag filters to control the emissions at the source itself.  Clinker & fly ash will be stored in silo and gypsum in covered yard. No additional water is required for the proposed expansion project. Existing water requirement is 2,380 m3/day which will be met from the ground water and Mine Sump water. Rain water harvesting structures have been constructed in near-by villages. No industrial wastewater will be generated in the Cement Plant. Domestic wastewater generated from Cement Plant/Colony and will be treated in STP. The treated wastewater will be utilized for greenbelt development. Rain water harvesting structures will be constructed. No solid waste will be generated in cement manufacturing process. Dust collected from various pollution control equipments will be recycled back to the process. STP Sludge will be utilized as manure for green belt development within the plant premises.

 

The proposed expansion project was exempted from Public Hearing as per para 7 (ii) of EIA Notification, 2006 as the expansion of cement production capacity is only by the addition of fly ash and there is no additional land and water requirement.

 

            The Committee noted that existing plant is in advanced stage of constriction. After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of the following specific conditions along with other environmental conditions:

 

      i.        Continuous stack monitoring facilities to monitor gaseous emissions from all the stacks shall be provided.  After expansion, limit of SPM shall be controlled within 50 mg/Nm3 by installing adequate air pollution control system.  Electrostatic precipitators to clinker cooler, bag house to raw mill/kiln and bag filters to coal mill and cement mill. Low NOX burners should be provided to control NOX emissions. 

 

     ii.        Possibilities shall be explored for the proper and full utilization of gases generated from the kiln in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB) and a feasibility report shall be prepared and submitted to the Ministry and its Regional Office at Lucknow within 3 months from the date of issue of the letter.

 

  1. The National Ambient Air Quality Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 shall be followed.

 

   iv.        Secondary fugitive emissions shall be controlled and shall be within the prescribed limits and regularly monitored. Guidelines / Code of Practice issued by the CPCB in this regard should be followed.

 

    v.        Efforts shall be made to reduce impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment including agricultural land. All the raw materials including fly ash should be transported in the closed containers only and shall not be overloaded. The company shall have separate truck parking area. Vehicular emissions should be regularly monitored.   

 

   vi.        Total water requirement for cement and captive power plant shall not exceed 2,380 m3/day   All the treated wastewater shall be recycled and reused in the process and/or for dust suppression and green belt development and other plant related activities etc. No process wastewater shall be discharged outside the factory premises and ‘zero’ discharge should be adopted. 

 

  1. Efforts shall be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement shall be met from other sources.

 

  1. Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the E(P) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis should also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Lucknow, SPCB and CPCB.

 

   ix.        All the bag filter dust, raw mill dust, coal dust, clinker dust and cement dust from pollution control devices should be recycled and reused in the process and used for cement manufacturing. Spent oil and batteries shall be sold to authorized recyclers / reprocessors only.

 

    x.        All the fly ash shall be utilized as per Fly ash Notification, 1999 subsequently amended in 2003. Efforts should be made to use fly ash maximum in making Pozollona Portland Cement (PPC).

 

   xi.        Efforts shall be made to use low-grade lime, more fly ash and solid waste in the cement manufacturing.

 

  xii.        An effort shall be made to use of high calorific hazardous waste in the cement kiln and necessary provision should be made accordingly.

 

 xiii.        As proposed, green belt shall be developed in at least 33 % area in and around the cement plant as per the CPCB guidelines to mitigate the effects of air emissions in consultation with local DFO.

 

 xiv.        All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Cement plants should be implemented.

 

  xv.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the project shall be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on locals need and item-wise details along with time bound action plan shall be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Lucknow. Implementation of such program shall be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

 xvi.        The Company shall submit within three months their policy towards Corporate Environment Responsibility which should inter-alia address (i) Standard operating process/ procedure to being into focus any infringement/deviation/violation of environmental or forest norms/conditions, (ii) Hierarchical system or Administrative order of the Company to deal with environmental issues and ensuring compliance to the environmental clearance conditions and (iii) System of reporting of non compliance/violation environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and/or stakeholders or shareholders.

 

32.2.8   Proposed expansion of Asbestos Fibre Cement Roofing Sheets (from 72,000 TPA to 1,20,000 MTPA) at Village-Sinugra, Dist-Kutchh in Gujarat by M/s. Ramco Industries Limited - regarding Reconsideration

 

The above proposal was considered and discussed in the 30th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 28th & 29th November, 2011. The Committee has sought the following information for reconsideration without calling the project proponent, if the information found is satisfactory.

 

      i.        Revised plant layout showing the green belt, rain water harvesting pond and trucks parking area.

     ii.        Compliance status to the conditions stipulated while according environmental clearance for the existing capacity and to the NOC granted by the SPCB.

    iii.        Cumulative impact on the Ambient Air Quality, stack emissions, Work Zone fiber concentration due to the existing and proposed expansion.

   iv.        Asbestos concentration in the work zone and stack emission data in the existing units of M/s Ramco Industries Limited.

    v.        Details of Occupational Health Surveillance of the workers.

   vi.        Deflouridation plan for provision of drinking water to the local people.

  vii.        Compliance report of all the ToRs.

 viii.        Commitment for continuous monitoring of noise for minimum 8 hours.

 

            The above information was submitted to MoEF and circulated to all the EAC members.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to the following specific conditions along with other environmental conditions:

 

      I.        The project proponent shall adhere to the prescribed BIS standards and laws regarding use and handling of asbestos, safety of employees etc. Raw materials like asbestos fibre and cement shall be transported in closed containers. Asbestos fibre shall be brought in pelletized form in impermeable bags and under compressed condition.

 

    II.        Only Chrysotile white asbestos fibre shall be used. Blue asbestos shall not be utilized as raw material in the manufacturing process.

 

   III.        There shall be no manual handling/opening of asbestos fiber bags. The company shall install fully automatic asbestos fiber debagging system before commissioning the unit.

 

  IV.        Fugitive emissions shall be controlled by bringing cement in closed tankers, fly ash in covered trucks and asbestos in impervious bags opening inside a closed mixer. Dust collectors shall be provided to Fibre mill, Bag opening device (BOD), Cement and Fly ash silos to control emissions.  Bag filters followed by wet washer shall be provided at automatic bag opening machine, bag shredder, fibre mill and to cement silo to collect the dust and recycle it into the process. Fugitive emissions generated from hopper of Jaw crusher and Pulverizer shall be channelized through hood with proper suction arrangement, bag filter and stack.

 

    V.        The Company shall comply with total dust emission limit of 2 mg/Nm3 as notified under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. Adequate measures shall be adopted to control the process emission and ensure that the stack emission of asbestos fibre shall not exceed the emission limit of 0.2 fiber/cc.  Asbestos fibre in work zone environment shall be maintained within 0.1 fibre/cc.

 

  VI.        Bags containing asbestos fibre shall be stored in enclosed area to avoid fugitive emissions of asbestos fibre from damaged bags, if any.

 

 VII.        Proper housekeeping shall be maintained within the plant premises. Process machinery, exhaust and ventilation systems shall be laid in accordance with Factories Act. Better housekeeping practices shall be adopted for improvement of the environment within the work environment also. These include:

 

(a)    All monitoring transfer points shall be connected to dust extraction system.

(b)    Leakages or dust from machines and ducts shall be plugged.

(c)    Floor shall be cleaned by vacuum cleaner only.

(d)    Enclosed belt conveyer shall be used instead of manual transportation of asbestos within the premises.

 

VIII.        Quarterly monitoring of pollutant (PM10, asbestos fibre count) in the work zone area and stack(s) shall be undertaken by the Project proponents. In addition, the asbestos fibre count in the work zone area shall be monitored by an Independent monitoring agency like NIOH / ITRC / NCB or any other approved agency and reports submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal, SPCB and CPCB.

 

  IX.        Total water requirement shall not exceed 70 m3/day and prior permission for the drawl of water shall be obtained. All the recommendations of the State Ground Water Department, Govt. of Gujarat shall be implemented in time bound manner.

 

    X.        As reflected in the Environmental Management Plan, all the treated effluent shall be recycled and reused in the manufacturing process. No process water shall be discharged outside the premises and ‘zero’ discharge shall be maintained. All the domestic wastewater shall be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit and used for green belt development.

 

  XI.        The Company shall ensure that the entire solid waste generated including process rejects, cement, fly ash, dust from bag filters and empty asbestos bag shall be recycled back in the manufacturing process. Process sludge shall be 100% recycled and reused in the process.  Hazardous waste shall be ground in dust proof pulverizer with integrated bag filter and recycled back to the process. Asbestos fibres which cannot be further recycled due to contamination of iron dust shall be stored in HDPE lined secured landfill. The disposal facilities for asbestos waste shall be in accordance with the Bureau of Indian Standard Code.

 

 XII.        The cut and damaged fibre bags shall immediately be repaired. Empty fibre bags will be shredded into fine particles in a bag shredder and recycled into the process. Piling of AC sheets shall be done in wet condition only.

 

XIII.        The Company shall obtain a certificate from the supplier of Chrysotile fibre that it does not contain any toxic or trace metals. A copy of certificate shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

 

XIV.        Regular medical examination of the workers and health monitoring of all the employees shall be carried out and if cases of asbestosis are detected, necessary compensation shall be arranged under the existing laws. A competent occupational health physician shall be appointed to carry out medical surveillance. Occupational health of all the workers shall be monitored for lung function test, chest x-ray, sputum for acid-fast-bacilli (AFC) and asbestos body (AB), urine for sugar and albumen, bloat tests for TLC, DLC, ESR, Hb and records maintained for at least 40 years from the beginning of the employment or 15 years after the retirement or cessation of employment whichever is later. Occupational Health Surveillance shall be carried out as per the directives of the Hon’ble Supreme Court including the recent Kalyaneswari case.

 

XV.        To educate the workers, all the work places where asbestos dust may cause a hazard shall be clearly indicated as a dust exposure area through the use of display signs which identifies the hazard and the associated health effects.

 

XVI.        The company shall also undertake rain water harvesting measures and plan of action shall be submitted to the Ministry of Environment and Forests within three months.

 

XVII.        All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 6th September, 2011 shall be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal.

 

XVIII.        Green belt shall be developed in at least 33 % of plant area as per the CPCB guidelines in consultation with the DFO.

 

XIX.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhopal. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

XX.        The Company shall submit within three months their policy towards Corporate Environment Responsibility which should inter-alia address (i) Standard operating process/ procedure to being into focus any infringement/deviation/violation of environmental or forest norms/conditions, (ii) Hierarchical system or Administrative order of the Company to deal with environmental issues and ensuring compliance to the environmental clearance conditions and (iii) System of reporting of non compliance/violation environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and/or stakeholders or shareholders.

 

32.2.9   Proposed Iron Ore Sinter Plant (0.42 MTPA), Iron Ore Pelletization (0.6 MTPA) and Iron Ore Beneficiation Plant (1.0 MTPA) at Village Dhanurjayapur, Tehsil Horomoto, District Keonjhar, Orissa by M/s SSAB Energy & Minerals Limited- regarding Reconsideration

 

The above proposal was considered and discussed in the 28th Meeting of the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) held during 26th & 27th September, 201. The Committee sought the following information for reconsideration of the project without calling the project proponent:

 

i.              Rechecked  data on petrography grain size analysis and major element analysis of raw material and soil from the project site as values appears to be high

ii.             Trace metal analysis of RSPM and raw material.

iii.            Flood hazard zonation map of the area.

iv.           A list of flora and fauna to be authenticated by DFO.

v.            Conservation plan for schedule -I fauna along with earmarking of budget.

 

            The above information was submitted by the PP and circulated among the members of EAC. The Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to stipulation of following specific conditions along with other conditions:

 

      i.        Efforts shall be made to mitigate particulate levels in the ambient air and a time bound action plan shall be submitted. On-line ambient air quality monitoring and continuous stack monitoring facilities for all the stacks shall be provided and sufficient air pollution control devices viz. Electrostatic precipitator (ESP), gas cleaning plant,  bag filters etc. shall be provided to keep the emission levels below 50 mg/Nm3 by installing energy efficient technology.  

 

       ii.      As proposed, Electrostatic precipitator (ESP) shall be provided to WHRB, CFBC and DRI plants to control particulate emissions within 50 mg/Nm3. Fume extraction system shall be provided to induction furnaces to control the emissions within the prescribed standards.

 

      iii.      The National Ambient Air Quality Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 shall be followed.

 

     iv.      Gaseous emission levels including secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources shall be controlled within the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry and regularly monitored. Guidelines/Code of Practice issued by the CPCB shall be followed. New standards for the sponge iron plant issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008 should be followed.

 

      v.      Hot gases from DRI kiln shall be passed through Dust Settling Chamber (DSC) to remove coarse solids and After Burning Chamber (ABC) to burn CO completely and used in waste heat recovery boiler (WHRB).  The gas then shall be cleaned in ESP before leaving out into the atmosphere through ID fan and stack.

 

     vi.      Make up water requirement shall not exceed 54m3/hr. Efforts shall further be made to use maximum water from the rain water harvesting sources.  Use of air cooled condensers shall be explored and closed circuit cooling system shall be provided to reduce water consumption and water requirement shall be modified accordingly. All the effluent should be treated and used for ash handling, dust suppression and green belt development.  No effluent shall be discharged and ‘zero’ discharge shall be adopted. Sanitary sewage should be treated in septic tank followed by soak pit.

 

  vii.          Efforts shall be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement shall be met from other sources.

 

 viii.         Regular monitoring of influent and effluent surface, sub-surface and ground water (including chromite) should be ensured and treated wastewater should meet the norms prescribed by the State Pollution Control Board or described under the Environment (Protection) Act whichever are more stringent. Leachate study for the effluent generated and analysis shall also be regularly carried out and report submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, SPCB and CPCB.

 

   ix.        The water consumption shall not exceed as per the standard prescribed for the steel plants.

 

    x.        All the coal fines, char from DRI plant shall be utilized in CFBC boiler of power plant and no char shall be used for briquette making or disposed off anywhere else. CFBC boiler shall be installed simultaneously along with the DRI plant to ensure full utilization of char from the beginning.   Scrap shall be used in steel melting shop (SMS) and SMS slag and kiln accretions shall be properly utilized. All the other solid waste including broken refractory mass shall be properly disposed off in environment-friendly manner.

 

   xi.        Proper utilization of fly ash shall be ensured as per Fly Ash Notification, 1999 and subsequent amendment in 2009.

 

  xii.        Vehicular pollution due to transportation of raw material and finished products shall be controlled.  Proper arrangements shall also be made to control dust emissions during loading and unloading of the raw material and finished product.

 

 xiii.        All internal roads shall be black topped. The roads shall be regularly cleaned with mechanical sweepers. A 3-tier avenue plantation using native species shall be developed along the roads. Facilities for parking of trucks carrying raw coal from the linked coalmines shall be created within the Unit.

 

 xiv.        Proper handling, storage, utilization and disposal of all the solid waste shall be ensured and regular report regarding toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition, end use of solid/hazardous waste should be submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, SPCB and CPCB. 

 

  xv.        Risk and Disaster Management Plan along with the mitigation measures shall be prepared and a copy submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar, SPCB and CPCB within three months of issue of environment clearance letter.

 

 xvi.        As proposed, green belt shall be developed in 33 % of plant area as per the CPCB guidelines in consultation with the DFO.

 

xvii.        All the recommendations made in the Charter on Corporate Responsibility for Environment Protection (CREP) for the Steel Plants should be implemented.

 

xviii.        All the commitments made to the public during the Public Hearing / Public Consultation meeting held on 15th July, 2011 should be satisfactorily implemented and a separate budget for implementing the same should be allocated and information submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar.

 

 xix.        At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing Issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and submitted to the Ministry’s Regional Office at Bhubaneswar. Implementation of such program should be ensured accordingly in a time bound manner.

 

  xx.        The company shall provide housing for construction labour within the site with all necessary infrastructure and facilities such as fuel for cooking, mobile toilets, safe drinking water, medical health care, crèche etc. The housing may be in the form of temporary structures to be removed after the completion of the project.

 

 xxi.        The Company shall submit within three months their policy towards Corporate Environment Responsibility which should inter-alia address (i) Standard operating process/ procedure to being into focus any infringement/deviation/violation of environmental or forest norms/conditions, (ii) Hierarchical system or Administrative order of the Company to deal with environmental issues and ensuring compliance to the environmental clearance conditions and (iii) System of reporting of non compliance/violation environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and/or stakeholders or shareholders.

 

Proposals for TORs

 

32.2.10  Expansion of existing Steel Alloy manufacturing unit at Village Pangra Shivar, Chitegaon, Paithan Road, District Aurangabad, Maharashtra by M/s R.L. Steels Energy Limited - regarding TORs

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s SD Engineering Services Pvt. Ltd., Aurangabad gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the draft TORs for preparation of EIA/EMP report.  The proposed expansion project is listed at S.No. 3(b) under category ‘B’ of Schedule of EIA Notification, 2006 and should have been appraised by SEIAA/SEAC.  Due to location of the project within 10 km of critically polluted area, as per the general condition of EIA Notification, 2006, the proposal has been appraised by the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) in the Ministry.

 

M/s R.L. Steels Energy Limited have proposed for expansion of existing Steel Alloy manufacturing unit at Village Pangra Shivar, Chitegaon, Paithan Road, District Aurangabad, Maharashtra. The project area is 67 acres, which is acquired and green belt will be developed in 20 acres of area. Total cost of the project is Rs. 186.72 Crores in which Rs. 5 Crores and Rs. 50 Lakhs have been earmarked towards the capital cost and recurring cost per annum respectively for environmental protection measures.

 

            The details of proposed expansion are as follows:

 

S.

No.

Product

Maximum

Quantity

(MT/Month)

Maximum

Quantity

(MT/Year)

1.

Alloy Steels, Special Alloy Steel and SS  Billets

25000

300000

2.

Rolled Products

a.

 Flats

6000

72000

b.

Round Square bars

15000

180000

c.

Profiles

3000

36000

 

            Air Pollution Control Unit will be installed to control particulate matter. Stack of 30 m height. for the DG Set of capacity 1,000 KVA will be provided. The total water requirement is 200 m3/day. STP will be provided for the treatment of Domestic and Industrial Effluent. Treated water will be reused for green belt development. Steel will be recovered from process slag and the remaining slag will be used for land filling.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee prescribed following TORs for undertaking detailed EIA/EMP study:

 

1.    Executive summary of the project.

2.    Photographs of the existing and proposed plant area.

3.    Compliance to the conditions stipulated for existing capacity in the environmental clearance or NOC obtained from the SPCB. A recent monitoring report from the SPCB shall be obtained which shall include data on AAQ, water quality and solid waste etc.

4.    Has the unit received any notice under the Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 or relevant Sections of Air and Water Acts? If so, compliance to the notice(s) 

5.    A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

6.    Coal linkage documents

7.    Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

8.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

9.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

10.  Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing land use/land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

11.  A list of industries within 10 km radius of the plant area.

12.  Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

13.  Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

14.  List of raw material required and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

15.  Quantification & Characterization of solid /hazardous waste & its action plan for management should be included.

16.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

17.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

18.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

19.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

20.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

21.  Ambient air quality as per National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

22.  Air Quality Impact Predication Modeling based on ISCST-3  or the latest models.

23.  Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

24.  An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

25.  Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

26.  Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used along with a Piper and Piper Duro-V diagram. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

27.  Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

28.   ‘Permission’ for the drawl of water should be obtained. Water balance data must be provided. 

29.  A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

30.  Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures.

31.  Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

32.  If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

33.  Pretreatment of raw water, treatment plant for waste water should be described in detail. Design specifications may be included.

34.  Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

35.  Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources should also be included. Land filling is not allowed.

36.  End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

37.  Provision of Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test for the slag and its end use should be included. 

38.  Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included.

39.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

40.  Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

41.  Occupational health:

a)    Details of existing Occupational & Safety Hazards. What are the exposure levels of above mentioned hazards and whether they are within Permissible Exposure level (PEL). If these are not within PEL, what measures the company has adopted to keep them within PEL so that health of the workers can be preserved, 

b)    Details of exposure specific health status evaluation of worker.  If the workers’ health is being evaluated by pre designed format, chest x rays, Audiometry, Spirometry, Vision testing (Far & Near vision, colour vision and any other ocular defect) ECG, during pre placement and periodical examinations give the details of the same. Details regarding last month analyzed data of abovementioned parameters as per age, sex, duration of exposure and department wise.

c)    Annual report of heath status of workers with special reference to Occupational Health and Safety.

42.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing proceedings and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

43.  Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should also be included.

44.  Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made.

45.  Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof.

 

It was decided that ‘TORs’ prescribed by the Expert  Appraisal Committee-1 (Industry) should be considered for  preparation of EIA / EMP report for the above mentioned project in addition to all the relevant information as per the ‘Generic Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006. Where the documents provided are in a language other than English, an English translation should be provided. The draft EIA/EMP report shall be submitted to Maharashtra Pollution Control Board for public hearing. The issues emerged and response to the issues shall be incorporated in the EIA report. The final EIA report shall be submitted to the Ministry for obtaining environmental clearance.

 

The TORs prescribed shall be valid for a period of two years for submission of the EIA/EMP reports along with Public Hearing Proceedings.

 

32.2.11    Proposed Ferro Alloy manufacturing unit with 2x 9 MVA submerged electric arc furnaces in two phases and TMT Bars at Survey No. 1093, 2707, 2708, Chinnaorampadu Village, Obulavaripalli Mandal, Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh by M/s Sri Vararupa Steel India Private Limited- regarding TORs

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s Team Labs & Consultants, Hyderabad gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the draft TORs for preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Ferro alloy plants are listed at S. No. 3(a) under Primary Metallurgy Industry of the Schedule of EIA Notification 2006 under Category ‘A’ and appraised at Central level. 

 

M/s.  Sri Vararupa Steel India Private Limited have proposed to establish 2x9 MVA Submerged electric arc furnaces in two phases and TMT Bars at Survey No. 1093, 2707, 2708, Chinnaorampadu Village, Obulavaripalli Mandal, Cuddapah District, Andhra Pradesh. The company has already acquired 25 acres of land for the proposed unit of which 8.25 acres of the area will be developed as green belt. The nearest human settlement from the site is Chinnaorampadu village which is at a distance of 1.0 km from the site in SE direction. Nearest railway station from the proposed site is Orampadu railway station in SE at a distance of 3.5 km. There are no ecologically sensitive areas like reserve forests, national parks, wild life sanctuaries within 10 km radius from the proposed site. However, Vattaluru RF, Sehacharam Ext RF and Chitvel RF are at a distance of 5.5 km in NW, 7.2 km in SW and 8.6 km in NE direction respectively. Total cost of the project is Rs.40 Crores and Rs. 400 Lakhs have been earmarked towards the capital cost for environmental protection.

 

Details regarding production capacity and plant facilities are given below:

 

S.No

Description

Manufacturing Capacity (TPA)

Phase I

Phase II

Total

1

Ferro Silicon (Fe Si)

6333

6333

12666

2

Silico Manganese( Si  Mn)

14250

14250

28500

3

Ferro Manganese( Fe Mn)

18500

18500

37000

4

Ingots

 

72000

72000

5

TMT Bars

 

60000

60000

 

Plant Facilities

 

S.No

Facility

Capacity

Phase-I

1

Submerged Electric Arc Furnace

9000 KVA

Phase-II

1

Submerged Electric Arc Furnace

9000 KVA

2

Induction Furnace

2 x 15 T

2

Continuous Casting Machine

240 TPD

3

Rolling Mill

200 TPD

 

Ferro Alloys, namely Ferro Silicon, Silico Manganese and Ferro Manganese are produced in a Submerged Electric Arc Furnace.  All these products could be produced in the same furnace with minor modifications.  The Ferro Alloys are used in the manufacture of steel but the grade and quantities vary depending upon the type of steel. The raw material for production of steel in an Induction Furnace is steel ingots and Iron scrap. The furnace is switched on, current starts flowing at a high rate and a comparatively low voltage through the induction coils of the furnace, producing an induced magnetic field inside the central space of the coils where the crucible is located.  The induced magnetic fluxes thus generated out through the packed charge in the crucible, which is placed centrally inside the induction coil

 

            The sources of air pollution from the plant are Submerged Electric arc furnaces and stand by DG sets. It is proposed to provide bag filters for the furnaces. The total water requirement for the two phases would be 94 m3/day which will be drawn from Ground water through bore wells within the plant premises. The waste water generated from the plant arise cooling tower blow downs of 15 KLD which is reused for dust suppression and onland irrigation after treatment, the treatment plant operations involved with Equalization, Neutralization and settling tanks. Domestic effluent of 11 m3/day will be sent to septic tank followed by soak pit. The solid waste generated from the unit is Bag filter dust, solids from settling tank and slag from the Ferro alloy. The solid waste generated will be sold to end users in the vicinity like brick manufacturers and reused in respective operations and sent to land filling.

 

After detailed deliberations, the Committee prescribed following TORs for undertaking detailed EIA/EMP study:

 

1.            Executive summary of the project.

2.            Photographs of plant area.

3.            A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

4.            Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

5.            A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

6.            Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

7.            Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

8.            A list of industries within 10 km radius of the plant area.

9.            Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

10.          Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

11.          List of raw material required, Chemical analysis of all the raw materials including Trace Elements and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

12.          Quantification & Characterization of solid /hazardous waste & its action plan for management should be included.

13.          Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

14.          Energy balance data for all the components of ferro alloy plant should be incorporated.

15.          Design details of Ferro Alloy Plant and manufacturing process details should be included.

16.          Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

17.          Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out including cumulative Impact of the surrounding industries.

18.          The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

19.          Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

20.          Air quality modeling for ferro alloy plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

21.          Ambient air quality as per National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

22.          Air Quality Impact Predication Modelling based on ISCST-3 or the latest models.

23.          Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

24.          An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

25.          Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

26.          Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

27.          Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

28.           ‘Permission’ for drawl of water should be obtained. Water balance data must be provided. 

29.          A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

30.          Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures.

31.          Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

32.          If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

33.          Pretreatment of raw water, treatment plant for waste water should be described in detail. Design specifications may be included.

34.          Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

35.          Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources should also be included. Land filling is not allowed.

36.          End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

37.          Provision of Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test for the slag and its end use should be included. 

38.          Commitment that no Ferro chrome will be manufactured without prior approval of the Ministry.

39.          Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included.

40.          Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

41.          Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

42.          Details regarding expected Occupational & Safety Hazards. Protective measures for  Occupational Safety & Health hazards so that such exposure can be kept within permissible exposure level so as to protect health of workers. Health of the workers with special reference to Occupational Health. Plan of exposure specific health status evaluation of workers; pre placement and periodical health status of workers; plan of evaluation of health of workers by pre designed format, chest x ray, Audiometry, Spirometry Vision testing (Far & Near vision, colour vision and any other ocular defect) ECG, during pre placement and periodical examinations and  plan of monthly and yearly report of the health status of workers with special reference to Occupational Health and Safety.

43.          At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and incorporated.

44.          Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should also be included.

45.          Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made.

46.          Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof.

 

It was decided that ‘TORs’ prescribed by the Expert  Appraisal Committee-1 (Industry) should be considered for  preparation of EIA / EMP report for the above mentioned project in addition to all the relevant information as per the ‘Generic Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006. Where the documents provided are in a language other than English, an English translation should be provided. The draft EIA/EMP report shall be submitted to Andhra Pradesh Pollution Control Board for public hearing. The issues emerged and response to the issues shall be incorporated in the EIA report. The final EIA report shall be submitted to the Ministry for obtaining environmental clearance.

 

The TORs prescribed shall be valid for a period of two years for submission of the EIA/EMP reports along with Public Hearing Proceedings.

 

32.2.12    Expansion of Induction Furnace (6T & 7T) unit and establishment of rolling mill unit within the existing premises at Sy. No. 295, 297, 298, 300, 308, 309, Village Halkundi, Taluka & District Bellary in Karnataka by M/s Tapal Steel Pvt. Limited - regarding TORs

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s. Global Enviro Labs, Hyderabad, gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the draft Terms of Reference for the preparation of EIA/EMP report. The proposed expansion project is listed at S.No. 3(b) under category ‘B’ of Schedule of EIA Notification, 2006 and should have been appraised by SEIAA/SEAC.  Due to location of the project within 10 km of interstate boundary of Karnataka & Andhra Pradesh, as per the general condition of EIA Notification, 2006, the proposal has been appraised by the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry-1) in the Ministry.

 

M/s Tapal Steel Pvt. Ltd. have proposed to expand its production of Ingots/ billets from 18,000 TPA to 43,000 TPA by installing another Induction Furnace of Capacity 7.0 TPH and installation of  75,000 TPA Rolling Mill Unit for producing TMT Bars  within the existing premises at Sy. No. 295, 297, 298, 300, 308 & 309, Village Halkundi, Tq. & District Bellary, Karnataka. ‘Consent to Establish’ and ‘Consent to Operate’ for the existing 6.0 T Induction Furnace has been obtained from the Karnataka State Pollution Control Board. There is no litigation / court case pending against the proposal. Proposed unit falls within 10 km distance from the interstate boundary. Total land area of 14 acres has been acquired directly from the villagers for the proposed project.  No National Park / Wildlife Sanctuary and Eco-sensitive area is located within 10km distance. However, Bellary reserve forests and Mincheri RF are at a distance of 1.5 km and 2.5 km respectively from the project site. Total cost of the project including existing Induction Furnace Unit will be 25.77 Crores. Rs. 15.0-20.0 Lakhs are earmarked towards recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures.

 

            Following are the details of existing and proposed facilities:

 

S.N

Facility

Capacity

 

Existing :

1

Induction Furnace

(6.0 TPH)

18,000 TPA

(Ingots/Billets)

 

Proposed :

2

Induction furnace

25,000 TPA (7 T)

(Ingots/Billets)

3

Rolling Mill

75,000 TPA (250 TPD)

TMT Bars

 

The basic raw materials required for Billets/ Ingots, TMT Bars manufacture will be Sponge Iron, Scrap/ Pig Iron, Ingots/Billets and Coal. Sponge iron, pig iron, scrap and ferro alloys will be melted in the Induction furnace. Induction furnace-continuous casting route will be adopted in the proposed steel plant. Sponge iron, pig iron and scrap will be melted in the Induction furnace. The molten metal will be casted into billets through a continuous casting machine. The casted billets will then be heated in a reheating furnace and then hot rolled in a rolling mill to produce TMT Bars, structural steel of different sections and sizes.

 

      Wet scrubber/bag filter will be provided to induction furnace. Cyclone separator is proposed for continuous casting machine. Covered shed for coal and sponge iron will be provided. Effluent will be treated in Sewage Treatment Plant and the treated water will be used for green belt development. Actual Water requirement is 75 m3/day which will be sourced from bore wells. Solid wastes generated from proposed plant will be wet Slag from Induction Furnace Unit,  Mill Scale, Fly ash, Scraps and Misrolls from Rolling Mill Unit.  Slag will be used for road leveling, Mill Scale will be sold. Fly ash will be collected in separate tank and will be sold and Scraps and Misrolls will be reused in the process

 

Personal protective equipments like ear muffs will be provided to employees working in high noise prone areas. Acoustic lagging / silencers will be provided to noise generating equipment. Power requirement of 8.0 MW will sourced from Power Grid. DG set of 380 KVA will be installed and High Speed Diesel Oil will be used as fuel.

 

            After detailed deliberations, the Committee prescribed following TORs for undertaking detailed EIA/EMP study:

 

1.    Executive summary of the project.

2.    Photographs of the existing and proposed plant area.

3.    Compliance to the conditions stipulated for existing capacity in the environmental clearance or NOC obtained from the SPCB and certified copies of compliance status to the conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance from the Regional Office of the MoEF.  A recent monitoring report from the SPCB shall be obtained which shall include data on AAQ, water quality and solid waste etc.

4.    Has the unit received any notice under the Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 or relevant Sections of Air and Water Acts? If so, compliance to the notice(s) 

5.    A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

6.    Coal linkage documents

7.    Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

8.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

9.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

10.  Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing land use/land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

11.  A list of industries within 10 km radius of the plant area.

12.  Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

13.  Project site layout plan showing raw materials and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

14.  List of raw material required and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

15.  Quantification & Characterization of solid /hazardous waste & its action plan for management should be included.

16.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

17.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall is necessary.

18.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

19.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

20.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

21.  Ambient air quality as per National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

22.  Air Quality Impact Predication Modeling based on ISCST-3  or the latest models.

23.  Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

24.  An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

25.  Presence of aquifer/aquifers within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

26.  Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used along with a Piper and Piper Duro-V diagram. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

27.  Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

28.   ‘Permission’ for the drawl of water should be obtained. Water balance data must be provided. 

29.  A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

30.  Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures.

31.  Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

32.  If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

33.  Pretreatment of raw water, treatment plant for waste water should be described in detail. Design specifications may be included.

34.  Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

35.  Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources should also be included. Land filling is not allowed.

36.  End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

37.  Provision of Toxic Chemical Leachability Potential (TCLP) test for the slag and its end use should be included. 

38.  Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included.

39.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

40.  Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

41.  Occupational health:

a)    Details of existing Occupational & Safety Hazards. What are the exposure levels of above mentioned hazards and whether they are within Permissible Exposure level (PEL). If these are not within PEL, what measures the company has adopted to keep them within PEL so that health of the workers can be preserved, 

b)    Details of exposure specific health status evaluation of worker.  If the workers’ health is being evaluated by pre designed format, chest x rays, Audiometry, Spirometry, Vision testing (Far & Near vision, colour vision and any other ocular defect) ECG, during pre placement and periodical examinations give the details of the same. Details regarding last month analyzed data of abovementioned parameters as per age, sex, duration of exposure and department wise.

c)    Annual report of heath status of workers with special reference to Occupational Health and Safety.

42.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing proceedings and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

43.  Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should also be included.

44.  Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made.

45.  Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof.

 

It was decided that ‘TORs’ prescribed by the Expert  Appraisal Committee-1 (Industry) should be considered for  preparation of EIA / EMP report for the above mentioned project in addition to all the relevant information as per the ‘Generic Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006. Where the documents provided are in a language other than English, an English translation should be provided. The draft EIA/EMP report shall be submitted to Karnataka State Pollution Control Board (KSPCB) for public hearing. The issues emerged and response to the issues shall be incorporated in the EIA report. The final EIA report shall be submitted to the Ministry for obtaining environmental clearance.

 

The TORs prescribed shall be valid for a period of two years for submission of the EIA/EMP reports along with Public Hearing Proceedings.

 

32.2.13    Proposed Sponge Iron Plant (4 LTPA, 2x500 TPD and 1x350 TPD), Ferro Alloy Plant (0.5 LTPA, 2x16.5 MVA SAF) and Captive Power Plant (30 MW of WHRB and 50 MW of CFBC) at Villages Basantpur and Naibuga, Tehsil Barbil, District Keonjhar  in Odisha by M/s Ocean Ispat Pvt. Limited - regarding TORs

 

The Project authorities and their consultant M/s Sun Consultancy & Services, Bhubaneswar gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the draft Term of References for the preparation of EIA/EMP. All the Primary Metallurgical Industries are listed at S. No. 3(a) under category ‘A’ of the Schedule of EIA Notification, 2006 and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s Ocean Ispat Private Limited have proposed  to set up a Sponge Iron Plant initially with Rotary Kilns of 4 LTPA with Captive Power Plant (25 MW) of WHRB using the waste gases coming out of Kilns whereas the Char from Kilns will be used in CFBC Boiler to generate 50 MW power. The proposed plant will also have facilities for 0.5 LTPA Submerged Arc Furnace with configuration of 2x16.5 MVA for production of Ferro Silicon, Ferro Manganese & Silico-Manganese at Villages: Basantpur and Naibuga, Tehsil: Barbil, Dist: Keonjhar in the State of Odisha. There is no national Park/wild life sanctuary within 10 km radius of the project site. Total project area is 47.18 Acres. About 15.5 acres of land area is earmarked for green belt development. The total project cost is Rs.478 Crores; out of which Rs. 48 Crores and Rs.2.5 Crores have been earmarked towards Capital Cost and recurring cost for pollution control measures respectively. 

 

Total water requirement of 7,800 m3/day will be sourced from River Baitarani.  There will be no effluent generation from the plant. The wastewater from plant cooling such as Cooling Tower Blow down, DM Plant effluent etc will be treated for oil and grease removal, neutralized and settled before use for dust suppression and gardening. The total industrial wastewater is estimated to be 447 m3/ day during the operation of the project. The treated wastewater (405.50 m3/day)  will be entirely used for dust suppression and gardening. The domestic effluent (41.5 m3/day) would be sent to a soak pit. Ash is the solid waste generated by the Captive Power Plant of 75 MW ( WHRB based CPP- 25 MW and CFBC based CPP 50 MW) which will be used as per Fly Ash Utilization Notification for manufacturing of bricks, ash blocks, varieties of tiles through various proportion of ash quantity and land filling of low lying areas and mines. Whereas in case of Submerged Arc Furnace, the slag produced will be used for land filling and leveling. Power requirement of 35.8 MW for the proposed project will be met from the Captive Power Plant of 75 MW capacity. Surplus Power generated will be evacuated to the State Govt. Grid.

 

Based on the committee’s recommendations, the PP submitted that they have reviewed the module sizes of Sponge Iron Kilns and discussed in length with their technical consultant also and concluded that installation of Kilns of 2 LTPA capacity will not be a right decision as there are very few such Kilns in the country and because of the changes in the design, the performance may not be guaranteed. They have therefore planned to revise the module size of the Kilns without changing the total Sponge Iron manufacturing capacity i.e 4 LTPA.

 

The revised capacity & module sizes of the planned projects are as follows:

 

S. No.

Plant Description

Earlier planned Capacities & Modules presented before EAC.

Revised proposed planned Capacities & Modules

Total capacity

Module Sizes

Total capacity

Module Sizes

 

1.

 

Sponge Iron Plant

4 LTPA

2x2LTPA

4 LTPA

 

2x1.5 LTPA (2x500 TPD)

1x1 LTPA    (1X350 TPD)

 

2.-

WHRB based Captive Power Plant

25 MW

1x25 MW

30 MW**

1x30 MW**

 

3

CFBC based Captive Power Plant

50 MW

1x50 MW

50 MW

 

1x50 MW

 

4

SAF

(Ferro Alloys Plant)

0.5 LTPA

 

2x16.5 MVA

0.5 LTPA

 

2x16.5 MVA

 

** Based on steam generation (Max) of 130 TPH from all three WHRB Boilers and specific steam consumption of Turbine as 4.2 Ton/ MW

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs.

 

1.        Executive summary of the project

2.        Photographs of the proposed plant area.

3.        A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

4.        Details regarding Coal linkage document.

5.        A copy of the mutual agreement for land acquisition signed with land oustees. Break up of small, medium and large farmers from whom the land is being acquired. If small farmers are involved, a detailed R&R plan.

6.        A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site. A photograph of the site should also be included.

7.        Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10 Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

8.        Topography of the area should be given clearly indicating whether the site requires any filling. If so, details of filling, quantity of fill material required, its source, transportation etc. should be given.

9.        Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing landuse/land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc in 10 km of the project site.

10.      Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

11.      Coordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet co-ordinates of the plant site as well as ash pond with topo sheet should also be included.

12.      Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

13.      Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

14.      Permission from the tribals, if tribal land has also to be acquired along with details of the compensation plan.

15.      Permission and approval for the use of forest land, if any, and recommendations of the State Forest Department. .

16.      A list of industries containing name and type in 25 km radius should be incorporated.

17.      Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

18.      List of raw material required, analysis of all the raw materials and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

19.      Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.), if applicable, should also be included..

20.      Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

21.      If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

22.      Action plan for excavation and muck disposal during construction phase.

23.      Studies for fly ash, muck, slurry, sludge material disposal and solid waste generated, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan should also be included.

24.      Manufacturing process details for all the plants should be included.

25.      Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

26.      Energy balance data for all the components of steel plant including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

27.      Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

28.    Data generated in the last three years i.e. air, water, raw material properties and analysis (major, trace and heavy metals), ground water table, seismic history, flood hazard history etc.

29.      One season site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall and AAQ data (except monsoon) should be collected. The monitoring stations should take into account the pre-dominant wind direction, population zone and sensitive receptors including reserved forests.

30.      Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

31.      The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction.  Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

32.      Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

33.      Air quality modeling for steel plant for specific pollutants needs to be done.  APCS for the control of emissions from the kiln and WHRB should also be included to control emissions within 50 mg/Nm3.

34.      Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

35.      Ambient air quality monitoring modeling along with cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC along with following :

i)        Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

ii)       Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height using SODAR) on hourly basis

iii)      Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

iv)     Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

v)      A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

vi)     Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

vii)    Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

viii)   No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

ix)     Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

x)      Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

xi)     Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

36.      A plan for the utilization of waste/fuel gases in the WHRB for generating power have to be set out.

37.      Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided. The alternate method of raw material and end product transportation should also be studied and details included.

38.      One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

39.      An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

40.      Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

41.      Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included. Information regarding surface hydrology and water regime should be included.

42.      Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

43.      Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

44.      Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites at 20oC-50oC should be conducted and included.

45.      Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

46.      Permission for the drawl of water from the State Irrigation Department or concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

47.      A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

48.      Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

49.      If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard and Dam breakage Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

50.      A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

51.      Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

52.      If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

53.      Wastewater characteristics (heavy metals, anions and cations, trace metals, PAH) from any other source should be included.

54.      The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

55.      Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

56.      Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal particularly slag from all the sources, char and fly ash. Copies of MOU regarding utilization of ash should also be included.

57.      Details of evacuation of ash, details regarding ash pond impermeability and whether it would be lined, if so details of the lining etc. needs to be addressed.

58.      A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of slag should be included. Identification and details of land to be used for SMS slag disposal should be included. Details of secured land fill as per CPCB guidelines should also be included.

59.      End use of solid waste and its composition should be covered.  Toxic metal content in the waste material and its composition should also be incorporated particularly of slag.

60.      All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

61.      Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area i.e. land with not less than 1,500 trees per ha. giving details of species, width of plantation, planning schedule etc. should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the travelling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

62.      Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

63.      Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment and damage control needs to be addressed and included.

64.      Occupational health:

a)    Details of existing Occupational & Safety Hazards. What are the exposure levels of above mentioned hazards and whether they are within Permissible Exposure level (PEL). If these are not within PEL, what measures the company has adopted to keep them within PEL so that health of the workers can be preserved, 

b)    Details of exposure specific health status evaluation of worker.  If the workers’ health is being evaluated by pre designed format, chest x rays, Audiometry, Spirometry, Vision testing (Far & Near vision, colour vision and any other ocular defect) ECG, during pre placement and periodical examinations give the details of the same. Details regarding last month analyzed data of abovementioned parameters as per age, sex, duration of exposure and department wise.

c)    Annual report of heath status of workers with special reference to Occupational Health and Safety.

d)    Action plan for the implementation of OHS standards as per OSHAS/USEPA

65.      Details regarding infrastructure facilities such as sanitation, fuel, restroom etc. to be provided to the labour force during construction as well as to the casual workers including truck drivers during operation phase.

66.      Impact of the project on local infrastructure of the area such as road network and whether any additional infrastructure needs to be constructed and the agency responsible for the same with time frame.

67.      Environment Management Plan (EMP) to mitigate the adverse impacts due to the project along with item wise cost of its implementation. Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures should be included.

68.      Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the steel plants in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

69.      At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on public hearing issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be included. Socio-economic development activities need to be elaborated upon.

70.      Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart. 

71.      A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

72.     Any litigation pending against the project and/or any direction/order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof should also be included.

47.          Corporate Environment Policy

 

                      i.  Does the company has a well laid down Environment Policy approved by its Board of Directors? If so, it may be detailed in the EIA report.

                     ii.  Does the Environment Policy prescribe for standard operating process / procedures to bring into focus any infringement / deviation / violation of the environmental or forest norms / conditions? If so, it may be detailed in the EIA.

                    iii.  What is the hierarchical system or Administrative order of the company to deal with the environmental issues and for ensuring compliance with the environmental clearance conditions. Details of this system may be given.

                   iv.  Does the company has system of reporting of non compliances / violations of environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and / or shareholders or stakeholders at large? This reporting mechanism should be detailed in the EIA report.

 

It was decided that ‘TORs’ prescribed by the Expert  Appraisal Committee-1 (Industry) should be considered for  preparation of EIA / EMP report for the above mentioned project in addition to all the relevant information as per the ‘Generic Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006. Where the documents provided are in a language other than English, an English translation should be provided. The draft EIA/EMP report shall be submitted to the Orissa State Pollution Control Board for public hearing. The issues emerged and response to the issues shall be incorporated in the EIA report. The final EIA report shall be submitted to the Ministry for obtaining environmental clearance.

 

The TORs prescribed shall be valid for a period of two years for submission of the EIA/EMP reports along with Public Hearing Proceedings.

 

32.2.14      Proposed Integrated Cement Plant (Clinker- 3.5 MTPA, Cement - 4.5 MTPA) along with Captive Power Plant (WHRB power plant of 10 MW and Coal based power plant of 36 MW) at Villages Dewara and Karkarghat, Taluk Rajura, District Chandrapur, Maharashtra by M/s Abhijeet New India Cement Pvt. Limited (ANICPL) - regarding TORs

 

The Project Authorities and their consultant, M/s Bhagavathi Ana Labs Ltd., Hyderabad, gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the draft Terms of Reference for the preparation of EIA/EMP. The Cement Plants with production capacity more than 1.0 MTPA are listed at Item 3(b) in Category A and appraised at the central level.

 

M/s Abhijeet New India Cement Pvt. Ltd., have proposed for the Greenfield Integrated Cement Plant of 3.5 MTPA of Clinker, 4.5 MTPA of Blended Cement  along with Waste Heat Recovery Power plant of 10 MW and  Captive Power Plant with a capacity of 36 MW at Villages Dewara and Karkarghat, Taluk Rajura, District Chandrapur in Maharashtra. Total Project area for Cement plant is 250 Acres of non forest, non agriculture and uncultivable land. Out of 250 acres of land area, 33% of the area will be earmarked for green belt development. Nearest Place is Dewara at 1.5km distance and nearest Forest is Siddeshvar Reserved Forest at 2 km, Manikgarh Reserve Forest at 3.5 km distance. There are no National Parks/Wildlife Sanctuaries within 10 km of the project site. The total project cost is Rs 2,210 Crores.

 

The major raw materials for the unit are Limestone, Coal, Bauxite, Gypsum, and Fly ash. The storage will be in Covered Sheds for all the Raw Material. The clinker manufacturing involves Raw Material Preparation, Raw Meal Preparation, Clinkerisation and Cement Packing & Storage. Kiln will be provided with Bag house, ESP for Cooler and Bag filters for Coal mill and Cement will be provided. All transfer points also will have Bag Filters. The emissions from all the Pollution Control Equipment will be restricted to less than 50 mg/nm3. The Thermal power plant will be coal based and will meet the power requirement of the plant. Air cooling condensation will be adopted. Fly ash generated from power plant will be completely consumed in cement plant. It is proposed to manufacture both ordinary Portland cement, and Portland Pozzolona Cement.  The water requirement will be 3,500 m3/day for both cement plant and power plant and will be sourced from Bhendara Dam, 5-6 km from the plant site. The authorities have approached the Water Resource Department for the approval. No wastewater is generated from process. The wastewater coming out of power plant will be used for Cement plant, green belt development and dust suppression measures. 

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs.

 

1.    Executive summary of the project

2.    Photographs of the proposed plant area.

3.A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

4.    Details regarding Coal linkage document.

5.A copy of the mutual agreement for land acquisition signed with land oustees. Break up of small, medium and large farmers from whom the land is being acquired. If small farmers are involved, a detailed R&R plan.

6.    The earlier questionnaire for industry sector should be submitted while submitting EIA/EMP.

7.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

8.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

9.    Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing land use / land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc. in 10 km of the project site.

10.  Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

11.  The drainage passing through the project site shall be re-routed outside the plant boundary.

12.  Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

13.  Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

14.  Permission and approval for the use of forest land and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed project on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

15.  A list of industries containing name and type within 10 km radius shall be incorporated.

16.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

17.  List of raw material required and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

18.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

19.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

20.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

21.  Studies for fly ash, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

22.  Manufacturing process details for all the cement plant, captive power plant and mine should be included.

23.  Possibility of installation of WHRB will be explored and details included

24.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

25.  Energy balance data for all the components including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

26.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

27.  Sources of secondary emissions, its control and monitoring as per the CPCB guidelines should be included. A full chapter on fugitive emissions and control technologies should be provided.

28.  An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

29.  Vehicular pollution control and its management plan should be submitted.

30.  A write up on use of high calorific hazardous wastes from all the sources in kiln and commitment regarding use of hazardous waste should be included.

31.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

32.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

33.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

34.  Air quality modeling for all the plants proposed including mine for specific pollutants needs to be done. APCS for the control of emissions within 50 mg/Nm3 should be included. Cumulative impacts of cement plant, Captive Power Plant and mines located at a distance of 2.0 km  on the ambient air quality shall be assessed.

35.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

36.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling along with cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC along with following :

                          i)    Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                         ii)    Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height using SODAR) on hourly basis

                        iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                       iv)    Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                        v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                       vi)    Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

                      vii)    Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

                     viii)    No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                       ix)    Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                        x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                       xi)    Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

37.  Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

38.  One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

39.  Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

40.  Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

41.  Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

42.  Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

43.  Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites, at 20 oC-50 oC should be conducted and included.

44.  Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

45.  Permission for the drawl of water from the concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

46.  A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

47.  Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

48.  If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard and Dam breakage Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

49.  A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

50.  Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

51.  If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

52.  The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

53.  Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

54.  Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal. A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of solid waste should be included. End use of solid waste viz. fly ash etc. and its composition should be covered.  

55.  All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

56.  Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the travelling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

57.  A scheme for rainwater harvesting has to be put in place. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

58.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

59.  Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

60.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

61.  Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment & damage control needs to be addressed and included. Landslide hazard map and mitigation plan, Earthquake history and management plan should be submitted.

62.  Details regarding expected Occupational & Safety Hazards. Protective measures for Occupational Safety & Health hazards so that such exposure can be kept within permissible exposure level so as to protect health of workers. Health of the workers with special reference to Occupational Health. Plan of exposure specific health status evaluation of workers; pre placement and periodical health status of workers; plan of evaluation of health of workers by pre designed format, chest x ray, Audiometry, Spirometry Vision testing (Far & Near vision, colour vision and any other ocular defect) ECG, during pre placement and periodical examinations and plan of monthly and yearly report of the health status of workers with special reference to Occupational Health and Safety.

63.  Action plan for the implementation of OHS standards as per OSHAS/USEPA.

64.  Corporate Environment Policy

                  v.    Does the company has a well laid down Environment Policy approved by its Board of Directors? If so, it may be detailed in the EIA report.

                 vi.    Does the Environment Policy prescribe for standard operating process / procedures to bring into focus any infringement / deviation / violation of the environmental or forest norms / conditions? If so, it may be detailed in the EIA.

                vii.    What is the hierarchical system or Administrative order of the company to deal with the environmental issues and for ensuring compliance with the environmental clearance conditions. Details of this system may be given.

               viii.    Does the company has system of reporting of non compliances / violations of environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and / or shareholders or stakeholders at large? This reporting mechanism should be detailed in the EIA report.

65.  Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the cement plant in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

66.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and incorporated.

67.  A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

68.  Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures.

69.  Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

70.  Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof. 

 

It was decided that ‘TORs’ prescribed by the Expert  Appraisal Committee-1 (Industry) should be considered for  preparation of EIA / EMP report for the above mentioned project in addition to all the relevant information as per the ‘Generic Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006. Where the documents provided are in a language other than English, an English translation should be provided. The draft EIA/EMP report shall be submitted to the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board for public hearing. The issues emerged and response to the issues shall be incorporated in the EIA report. The final EIA report shall be submitted to the Ministry for obtaining environmental clearance.  

 

The TORs prescribed shall be valid for a period of two years for submission of the EIA/EMP report including public hearing proceedings.

 

32.2.15    Proposed Integrated Cement Project (Clinker- 2.2 MTPA, Cement - 3.3 MTPA) along with installation of Captive Power Plant (30 MW), WHRB (5 MW) and DG Set (6 MW) at Villages Tunkara & Balara, Tehsil Jaitaran, District Pali in Rajasthan by M/s Ultratech Cement Limited - regarding TORs

 

The project authorities and their consultant, M/s. J.M. EnviroNet Pvt. Ltd., Gurgaon gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the proposed Terms of Reference for preparation of EIA/EMP report.  The Cement Plants with production capacity more than 1.0 MTPA are listed at S. No. 3 (b) under Category “A” of the Schedule of EIA Notification dated 14.09.2006, as amended on 01.12.2009 and appraised at the Central level.

M/s. UltraTech Cement Ltd. (Unit: Pali Cement Works) is proposing a Greenfield  Integrated Cement Project - Clinker 2.2 MTPA, Cement 3.3 MTPA, Captive Power Plant 30 MW, WHRB 5 MW & D.G. Set 6 MW near Villages - Tunkara & Balara, Tehsil - Jaitaran, District – Pali, Rajasthan. Total project area is 210 ha including 160 ha for Cement Plant/CPP and 50 ha for Colony. Green belt / plantation will be developed on 33% of the total plant area, including colony. Total cost of the project is Rs. 2,100 Crores. Capital cost for Environmental Protection Measures is Rs. 50.0 Crores and Recurring Cost is Rs. 1.0 Crores/annum. Three Protected Forests falls within 10 km radius study area. No R&R is applicable.

 

Details of the products along with their production capacity are given below:

 

Details

Capacity

Clinker

2.2 MTPA

Cement

3.3 MTPA

CPP

30 MW

WHRB

5 MW

D.G. Set

6 MW

 

The cement plant will be based on the dry process technology for cement manufacturing with pre-heater and pre-calciner technology. Major raw materials required for the Proposed Greenfield Integrated Project is limestone, transported from the captive limestone mine. Other raw materials are Gypsum and Fly ash which will be procured from Nagaur & Bikaner District of Rajasthan and Kota & Suratgarh Govt. Thermal Power Plant in Rajasthan, respectively. Power requirement will be about 33 MW, which will be sourced from 30 MW Captive Power Plant, 5 MW WHRB and Jodhpur Vidyut Vitran Nigam Ltd (JVVNL) Grid.

 

All major sources of air pollution will be provided with Bag Houses/Bag filters/ESPs to maintain the PM emission level below 50 mg/Nm3 to control particulate emissions. All material transfer points will be provided with bag filters to entrap the emissions at the source itself.  Clinker & fly ash will be stored in silo and gypsum in covered yard. Total water requirement for the proposed project will be 3,000 m3/day and will be sourced from ground water. No industrial waste water will be generated in the Cement Plant. Domestic waste water generated from Cement Plant/Colony will be treated in STP. The treated water will be utilized for greenbelt development. Rain water harvesting structures will be constructed. No solid waste will be generated in cement manufacturing process. Dust collected from various pollution control equipments will be recycled back to the process. STP Sludge will be utilized as manure for green belt development within the plant premises.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs.

1.    Executive summary of the project

2.    Photographs of the proposed plant area.

3.A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

4.    Details regarding Coal linkage.

5.A copy of the mutual agreement for land acquisition signed with land oustees. Break up of small, medium and large farmers from whom the land is being acquired. If small farmers are involved, a detailed R&R plan.

6.    The earlier questionnaire for industry sector should be submitted while submitting EIA/EMP.

7.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

8.    Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

9.    Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing land use / land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc. in 10 km of the project site.

10.  Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

11.  The project site shall be at a minimum distance of 100 m from the drainage/stream 

12.  Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

13.  Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

14.  Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

15.  Permission and approval for the use of forest land and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

16.  A list of industries containing name and type in 10 km radius shall be incorporated.

17.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

18.  List of raw material required and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

19.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

20.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

21.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

22.  Studies for fly ash, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

23.  Manufacturing process details for all the cement plant, captive power plant and mine should be included.

24.  Possibility of installation of WHRB will be explored and details included

25.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

26.  Energy balance data for all the components including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

27.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

28.  Sources of secondary emissions, its control and monitoring as per the CPCB guidelines should be included. A full chapter on fugitive emissions and control technologies should be provided.

29.  An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

30.  Vehicular pollution control and its management plan should be submitted.

31.  A write up on use of high calorific hazardous wastes from all the sources in kiln and commitment regarding use of hazardous waste should be included.

32.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

33.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

34.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

35.  Air quality modeling for all the plants proposed including mine for specific pollutants needs to be done. APCS for the control of emissions within 50 mg/Nm3 should be included. Cumulative impacts of cement plant, Captive Power Plant and mines located at a distance of 2.0 km  on the ambient air quality shall be assessed.

36.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

37.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling along with cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC along with following :

                          i)    Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                         ii)    Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height using SODAR) on hourly basis

                        iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                       iv)    Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                        v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                       vi)    Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

                      vii)    Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

                     viii)    No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                       ix)    Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                        x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                       xi)    Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

38.  Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

39.  One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

40.  Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

41.  Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

42.  Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

43.  Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

44.  Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites, at 20 oC-50 oC should be conducted and included.

45.  Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

46.  Permission for the drawl of water from the concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

47.  A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

48.  Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

49.  If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard and Dam breakage Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

50.  A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

51.  Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

52.  If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

53.  The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

54.  Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

55.  Measures for fluoride management in the drinking water

56.  Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal. A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of solid waste should be included. End use of solid waste viz. fly ash etc. and its composition should be covered.  

57.  All stock piles will have to be on top of a stable liner to avoid leaching of materials to ground water.

58.  Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the travelling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

59.  A scheme for rainwater harvesting has to be put in place. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well. Efforts should be made to make use of rain water harvested. If needed, capacity of the reservoir should be enhanced to meet the maximum water requirement. Only balance water requirement should be met from other sources.

60.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

61.  Action plan for the green belt development plan in 33 % area should be included. The green belt should be around the project boundary and a scheme for greening of the traveling roads should also be incorporated. All rooftops/terraces should have some green cover.

62.  Detailed description of the flora and fauna (terrestrial and aquatic) should be given with special reference to rare, endemic and endangered species.

63.  Disaster Management Plan including risk assessment & damage control needs to be addressed and included. Landslide hazard map and mitigation plan, Earthquake history and management plan should be submitted.

64.  Details regarding expected Occupational & Safety Hazards. Protective measures for Occupational Safety & Health hazards so that such exposure can be kept within permissible exposure level so as to protect health of workers. Health of the workers with special reference to Occupational Health. Plan of exposure specific health status evaluation of workers; pre placement and periodical health status of workers; plan of evaluation of health of workers by pre designed format, chest x ray, Audiometry, Spirometry Vision testing (Far & Near vision, colour vision and any other ocular defect) ECG, during pre placement and periodical examinations and plan of monthly and yearly report of the health status of workers with special reference to Occupational Health and Safety.

65.  Action plan for the implementation of OHS standards as per OSHAS/USEPA.

66.  Corporate Environment Policy

                  i.      Does the company has a well laid down Environment Policy approved by its Board of Directors? If so, it may be detailed in the EIA report.

                   ii.    Does the Environment Policy prescribe for standard operating process / procedures to bring into focus any infringement / deviation / violation of the environmental or forest norms / conditions? If so, it may be detailed in the EIA.

                  iii.    What is the hierarchical system or Administrative order of the company to deal with the environmental issues and for ensuring compliance with the environmental clearance conditions. Details of this system may be given.

                 iv.    Does the company has system of reporting of non compliances / violations of environmental norms to the Board of Directors of the company and / or shareholders or stakeholders at large? This reporting mechanism should be detailed in the EIA report.

67.  Plan for the implementation of the recommendations made for the cement plant in the CREP guidelines must be prepared.

68.  At least 5 % of the total cost of the project should be earmarked towards the Enterprise Social Commitment based on Public Hearing issues and item-wise details along with time bound action plan should be prepared and incorporated.

69.  A note on identification and implementation of Carbon Credit project should be included.

70.  Total capital cost and recurring cost/annum for environmental pollution control measures.

71.  Public hearing issues raised and commitments made by the project proponent on the same should be included separately in EIA/EMP Report in the form of tabular chart with financial budget for complying with the commitments made. 

72.  Any litigation pending against the project and / or any direction / order passed by any Court of Law against the project, if so, details thereof. 

 

It was decided that ‘TORs’ prescribed by the Expert  Appraisal Committee-1 (Industry) should be considered for  preparation of EIA / EMP report for the above mentioned project in addition to all the relevant information as per the ‘Generic Structure of EIA’ given in Appendix III and IIIA in the EIA Notification, 2006. Where the documents provided are in a language other than English, an English translation should be provided. The draft EIA/EMP report shall be submitted to the Rajasthan State Pollution Control Board for public hearing. The issues emerged and response to the issues shall be incorporated in the EIA report. The final EIA report shall be submitted to the Ministry for obtaining environmental clearance.  

 

The TORs prescribed shall be valid for a period of two years for submission of the EIA/EMP report including public hearing proceedings.

 

32.2.16    Expansion of Cement Plant by installation of new Line II (Clinker 4.0 MTPA, Cement 4.0 MTPA) along with 50 MW Captive Power Plant, WHRB- 15 MW and DG Set 2x6 MW at Hirmi Cement Works at Village Hirmi, Tehsil Simga, District Raipur in Chhattisgarh by M/s UltraTech Cement Limited - regarding TORs

 

The project authorities and their consultant M/s. J.M. EnviroNet Pvt. Ltd., Gurgaon gave a detailed presentation on the salient features of the project and proposed environmental protection measures to be undertaken along with the proposed Terms of Reference for preparation of EIA/EMP report.  The Cement Plants with production capacity more than 1.0 MTPA are listed at S. No. 3 (b) under Category “A” of the Schedule of EIA Notification dated 14.09.2006, as amended on 01.12.2009 and appraised at the Central level.

 

M/s. Ultra Tech Cement Limited (Unit: Hirmi Cement Works) have proposed for expansion of Cement Plant by installation of new Line II (Clinker 4.0 MTPA, Cement 4.0 MTPA along with Captive Power Plant 50 MW, WHRB 15 MW & D.G. Set 2x6 MW at Hirmi Cement Works at Village Hirmi, Tehsil Simga, District Raipur in Chhattisgarh.Total Plant area is 94.94 ha. Since, the proposed expansion will be within the existing plant premises, no additional land acquisition will be required for the proposed project. 33% of the total project area has already been developed under greenbelt / plantation area. The same will be maintained & further enhanced for proposed expansion project. No National Park, Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserve, Reserved/ Protected Forest fall within 10 km radius of the study area. No R&R is involved. Total cost of the project is Rs. 2,000 Crores. Capital cost for Environmental Protection Measures is Rs. 90 Crores and Recurring Cost is Rs. 3.5 Crores /annum.

 

Details of the products along with their production capacity are given below:

 

Category

Existing Capacity (Line I)

Expansion Capacity (Line II)

Total Capacity after Expansion

Cement (MTPA)

2.75

4.0

6.75

Clinker (MTPA)

2.75

4.0

6.75

Captive Power Plant  (MW)

50 (2x25)

50 (2x25)

100 (4x25)

WHRB (MW)

-

15

15

D.G. Set (MW)

18 (3x6)

12 (2x6)

30

 

The cement plant will be based on the dry process technology for cement manufacturing with pre-heating and pre-calciner technology. Major raw materials required for the proposed expansion project are Limestone, transported from the captive limestone mine. Other raw materials are Gypsum and Fly ash, which will be procured from Fertilizer Plant / Gypsum mines and CPP/TPS from nearby area, respectively. Power required for the proposed expansion project will be 53 MW, which will be sourced from Captive Power Plant (50 MW) and WHRB (15 MW).

 

To control particulate emissions, all major sources of air pollution are / will be provided with Bag Houses/Bag filters, ESPs to maintain the PM emission level below 50 mg/Nm3. All material transfer points have been provided with bag filters to entrap the emissions at the source itself.  Clinker & fly ash has been/will be stored in silo and gypsum in covered yard. Total water requirement for the project will be 4,000 KLD, which will be met from the Mine Pit and Bore Well. No industrial waste water is being / will be generated in the Cement Plant. Domestic waste water generated from Cement Plant/Colony is being /will be treated in the STP. The treated water is being /will be utilized for Greenbelt Development/Horticulture activities. Rain water harvesting structures is/will be constructed. No solid waste is being / will be generated in cement manufacturing process. Dust collected from various pollution control equipments is being / will be recycled back to the process. STP Sludge is being / will be utilized as manure for green belt development within the plant premises.

 

After deliberating on the facts presented before the Expert Appraisal Committee (Industry), the committee recommended the proposal for the preparation of EIA/EMP as per the following TORs.

1.    Executive summary of the project

2.   Photographs of the existing and proposed plant area.

3.Compliance to the conditions stipulated in the Environmental Clearance / NOC granted by the SPCB. Certified copies of the monitoring reports with respect to conditions stipulated in the environmental clearance from the RO, Bhopal shall be submitted. A recent monitoring report from the SPCB shall be obtained which shall include data on AAQ, water quality and solid waste etc.

4.    Has the unit received any notice under the Section 5 of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 or relevant Sections of Air and Water Acts? If so, compliance to the notice(s) 

5.A line diagram/flow sheet for the process and EMP

6.    Coal linkage documents

7.A copy of the mutual agreement for land acquisition signed with land oustees. Break up of small, medium and large farmers from whom the land is being acquired. If small farmers are involved, a detailed R&R plan.

8.    The earlier questionnaire for industry sector should be submitted while submitting EIA/EMP.

9.    A site location map on Indian map of 1:10, 00,000 scale followed by 1:50,000/1:25,000 scale on an A3/A2 sheet with at least next 10 Kms of terrains i.e. circle of 10 kms and further 10 kms on A3/A2 sheets with proper longitude/latitude/heights with min. 100/200 m. contours should be included. 3-D view i.e. DEM (Digital Elevation Model) for the area in 10 km radius from the proposal site.

10.  Present land use should be prepared based on satellite imagery. High-resolution satellite image data having 1m-5m spatial resolution like quickbird, Ikonos, IRS P-6 pan sharpened etc. for the 10Km radius area from proposed site. The same should be used for land used/land-cover mapping of the area.

11.  Location of national parks / wildlife sanctuary / reserve forests within 10 km. radius should specifically be mentioned. A map showing land use / land cover, reserved forests, wildlife sanctuaries, national parks, tiger reserve etc. in 10 km of the project site.

12.  Project site layout plan showing raw materials, fly ash and other storage plans, bore well or water storage, aquifers (within 1 km.) dumping, waste disposal, green areas, water bodies, rivers/drainage passing through the project site should be included.

13.  Details and classification of total land (identified and acquired) should be included.

14.  Proposal should be submitted to the Ministry for environment clearance only after acquiring total land. Necessary documents indicating acquisition of land should be included.

15.  Rehabilitation & Resettlement (R & R) should be as per policy of the State Govt. and a detailed action plan should be included.

16.  Permission and approval for the use of forest land and recommendations of the State Forest Department regarding impact of proposed expansion on the surrounding reserve forests, if applicable, should be included.

17.  A list of industries containing name and type in 10 km radius shall be incorporated.

18.  Residential colony should be located in upwind direction.

19.  List of raw material required and source along with mode of transportation should be included. All the trucks for raw material and finished product transportation must be “Environmentally Compliant”.

20.  Petrological and Chemical analysis and other chemical properties of raw materials used (with GPS location of source of raw material) i.e. ores, minerals, rock, soil, coal, iron, dolomite quartz etc. using high definition and precision instruments mentioning their detection range and methodology such Digital Analyzers, AAS with Graphite furnace, ICPMS, MICRO-WDXRF, EPMA, XRD, Nano studies or at least as per I30-10500 and WHO norms. These analysis should include trace element and metal studies like Cr (vi) Ni, Fe, As, Pb, Zn, Hg, Se, S etc.  Presence of radioactive elements (U, Th etc.).

21.  Petrography, grain size analysis and Major element analysis of raw material and soil from project site and raw material should be done on the same parameters along with analysis for SiO2, Al2O3, MgO, MnO, K2O, CaO, FeO, Fe2O3, P2O5, H2O, CO2.

22.  If the rocks, ores, raw material has trace elements their petrography, ore microscopy, XRD, elemental mapping EPMA, XRF is required to quantify the amount present in it and hence future risk involved while using it and management plan.

23.  Studies for fly ash, muck disposal, slurry, sludge material and solid waste generated should also be included, if the raw materials used has trace elements and a management plan.

24.  Manufacturing process details for all the cement plant, captive power plant and mine should be included.

25.  Possibility of installation of WHRB will be explored and details included

26.  Mass balance for the raw material and products should be included.

27.  Energy balance data for all the components including proposed power plant should be incorporated.

28.  Site-specific micro-meteorological data using temperature, relative humidity, hourly wind speed and direction and rainfall should be collected.

29.  Sources of secondary emissions, its control and monitoring as per the CPCB guidelines should be included. A full chapter on fugitive emissions and control technologies should be provided.

30.  An action plan to control and monitor secondary fugitive emissions from all the sources as per the latest permissible limits issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. 414(E) dated 30th May, 2008.

31.  Vehicular pollution control and its management plan should be submitted.

32.  A write up on use of high calorific hazardous wastes from all the sources in kiln and commitment regarding use of hazardous waste should be included.

33.  Ambient air quality at 8 locations within the study area of 10 km., aerial coverage from project site with one AAQMS in downwind direction should be carried out.

34.  The suspended particulate matter present in the ambient air must be analyzed for the presence of poly-aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH), i.e. Benzene soluble fraction. Chemical characterization of RSPM and incorporating of RSPM data.

35.  Determination of atmospheric inversion level at the project site and assessment of ground level concentration of pollutants from the stack emission based on site-specific meteorological features.

36.  Air quality modeling for all the plants proposed including mine for specific pollutants needs to be done. APCS for the control of emissions within 50 mg/Nm3 should be included. Cumulative impacts of cement plant, Captive Power Plant and mines located at a distance of 2.0 km  on the ambient air quality shall be assessed.

37.  Action plan to follow National Ambient Air Quality Emission Standards issued by the Ministry vide G.S.R. No. 826(E) dated 16th November, 2009 should be included.

38.  Ambient air quality monitoring modeling along with cumulative impact should be included for the day (24 hrs) for maximum GLC along with following :

                          i)    Emissions (g/second) with and without the air pollution control measures

                         ii)    Meteorological inputs (wind speed, m/s), wind direction, ambient air temperature, cloud cover, relative humidity & mixing height using SODAR) on hourly basis

                        iii)    Model input options for terrain, plume rise, deposition etc.

                       iv)    Print-out of model input and output on hourly and daily average basis

                        v)    A graph of daily averaged concentration (MGLC scenario) with downwind distance at every 500 m interval covering the exact location of GLC.

                       vi)    Details of air pollution control methods used with percentage efficiency that are used for emission rate estimation with respect to each pollutant

                      vii)    Applicable air quality standards as per LULC covered in the study area and % contribution of the proposed plant to the applicable Air quality standard. In case of expansion project, the contribution should be inclusive of both existing and expanded capacity.

                     viii)    No. I-VII are to be repeated for fugitive emissions and any other source type relevant and used for industry

                       ix)    Graphs of monthly average daily concentration with down-wind distance

                        x)    Specify when and where the ambient air quality standards are exceeded either due to the proposed plant alone or when the plant contribution is added to the background air quality.

                       xi)    Fugitive dust protection or dust reduction technology for workers within 30 m of the plant active areas.

39.  Impact of the transport of the raw materials and end products on the surrounding environment should be assessed and provided.

40.  One season data for gaseous emissions other than monsoon season is necessary.

41.  Presence of aquifer(s) within 1 km of the project boundaries and management plan for recharging the aquifer should be included.

42.  Source of surface/ground water level, site (GPS), cation, anion (Ion Chromatograph), metal trace element (as above) chemical analysis for water to be used along with a Piper and Piper Duro-V diagram. If surface water is used from river, rainfall, discharge rate, quantity, drainage and distance from project site should also be included.

43.  Ground water analysis with bore well data, litho-logs, drawdown and recovery tests to quantify the area and volume of aquifer and its management.

44.  Ground water modeling showing the pathways of the pollutants should be included

45.  Column leachate study for all types of stockpiles or waste disposal sites, at 20 oC-50 oC should be conducted and included.

46.  Action plan for rainwater harvesting measures at plant site should be submitted to harvest rainwater from the roof tops and storm water drains to recharge the ground water and also to use for the various activities at the project site to conserve fresh water and reduce the water requirement from other sources.  Rain water harvesting and groundwater recharge structures may also be constructed outside the plant premises in consultation with local Gram Panchayat and Village Heads to augment the ground water level. Incorporation of water harvesting plan for the project is necessary, if source of water is bore well.

47.  Permission for the drawl of water from the concerned authority and water balance data including quantity of effluent generated, recycled and reused and discharged is to be provided. Methods adopted/to be adopted for the water conservation should be included.

48.  A note on the impact of drawl of water on the nearby River during lean season.

49.  Surface water quality of nearby River (60 m upstream and downstream) and other surface drains at eight locations must be ascertained. 

50.  If the site is within 10 km radius of any major river, Flood Hazard and Dam breakage Zonation Mapping is required at 1:5000 to 1;10,000 scale indicating the peak and lean river discharge as well as flood occurrence frequency.

51.  A note on treatment of wastewater from different plants, recycle and reuse for different purposes should be included.

52.  Provision of traps and treatment plants are to be made, if water is getting mixed with oil, grease and cleaning agents.

53.  If the water is mixed with solid particulates, proposal for sediment pond before further transport should be included. The sediment pond capacity should be 100 times the transport capacity.

54.  The pathways for pollution via seepages, evaporation, residual remains are to be studied for surface water (drainage, rivers, ponds, lakes), sub-surface and ground water with a monitoring and management plans.

55.  Ground water monitoring minimum at 8 locations and near solid waste dump zone, Geological features and Geo-hydrological status of the study area are essential as also.  Ecological status (Terrestrial and Aquatic) is vital.

56.  Measures for fluoride management in the drinking water

57.  Action plan for solid/hazardous waste generation, storage, utilization and disposal. A note on the treatment, storage and disposal of all type of solid waste should be included. End use of solid waste viz. fly ash etc. and its composition should be covered.