MINUTES OF 15th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 24th -25th JANUARY 2011

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 15th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 24th -25th January 2011 to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 13th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 21st December 2010 was confirmed with the following corrections:

Item 1, page 1, para 1, line 12: replace ‘coat’ with ‘cost’. In line 18, introduce the words ‘of the fact’ after ‘in view’.

Item2, page 4, para 1, line 9: replace ‘issued’ with ‘issues’

 

Consideration of coal mining projects was taken up as given below.

 

1.         North Dhadhu Coal Mine Project (8.15 MTPA in a total project area of 2606 ha in an ML area of 1130 ha and 1476 ha outside the ML) of M/s North Dhadhu Mining Company Pvt. Ltd., located in North Karanpura Coalfields, Dist. Latehar, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that North Dadhu Coal Block has been jointly allotted  to 4 companies, namely, M/s Electro Steel Casting Ltd., M/s Adhunik Alloys and Power Ltd., M/s Jharkhand Ispat Pvt Ltd and M/s Pawanjay Steel Power Ltd. for captive use in their sponge iron plants and power plants. The four parties have formed Joint Venture Company (JVC) called North Dhadhu Mining Company Pvt. Ltd. The total ML area is 1130 ha of which 672.71 ha is forestland and 457.30 ha is non-forestland. In addition, an area of 1476.91 ha is required outside the ML, which consists of 716.69 ha of forest land and 759.31ha of non-forest land. The Coal block is ‘Go Area’ as canopy density is 2.5. Land use within the ML of a total 1130 ha for mining operations would be 907.7 ha, topsoil dump is 10ha, infrastructure facilities is 10 ha, settling pond 5 ha and undisturbed area 197.21 ha. The area outside the ML consists of 1426.3 ha for external OB dumps, 7.00 ha is for peripheral roads, 10.0 ha is for settling ponds, 20 ha is peripheral green belt and 30.0 is others. Of the total area proposed for external dumping, 40% is forestland. It was informed that forestry clearance has not been applied for so far although the project involves diversion of 1389.40 ha of forestland for the combined project area of 2606 ha Entire OB during the first 15 years would be stored in external OB dump. Backfilling would begin by the 15th year of operation. It was stated that as the mine would be operated simultaneously on both sides of the river, it is not possible to backfill the mine due to steepness of the seam until the 15th year. Life of the project is 49 years

 

The rated capacity of the mine is 8.15 MTPA.  Mining is mechanised opencast mining. Grade of coal is C to F-G. There are no National Parks /WL sanctuaries found in study area; Palamau National Park is located at a distance of 48 km away. The study area has 49 PFs. Barki-Rahera nadi passes through the middle of the block flowing North to South. It is not proposed to divert the river. Mining would be carried out along both sides of the Barki-Rahera River leaving a safe statutory distance of 60m barrier. It was informed that the matter of diversion of Barki-Rahera River is not feasible and has been deleted by the Ministry of Coal while approving the Mining Plan. Ultimate working depth is 500m and a void of 400m depth of an area of 742.29 ha would be left without backfilling as a water body at the post mining stage. The project involves diversion of nala flowing along NHC-10 and 20 towards west of the ML to join Rahera Barki Nadi. A road passing through the north western corner would be diverted along the ML boundary. Total estimated OB generation during the life of the project is 1580.28 Mm3.. Total water requirement is 1000 m3/d of which 386 m3/d is for drinking and obtained from bore well and 614 m3/d is for mining operations, which would be drawn from mine pit water except for the initial 2-3 years when bore well water would be used. Water table is in the range of 6.8-9.2m bgl during pre-monsoon and 1.8-3.2 m bgl during post-monsoon. Transportation of the coal of 24,000 TPD would be by 20-T trucks to existing railway siding at to consumer plants involving 1200 trips (one-way). It is proposed to establish a new railway line near Tori Station. Total cost of the project is Rs 1241.47 crores.

 

The Committee observed that a very large area of forestland is involved both for mining and for dumping OB. The Committee suggested that the PP examine the option of sequential backfilling by mining along one side the river first and thereafter the other side, thereby backfilling the first decoaled void with OB from second void. The Committee observed that OC mining of upto 500m depth is not a good proposition. The proponent clarified that UG mining is not feasible as of the total estimated 340 MT of extractable coal reserves only 10% can be extracted by UG mining and 30% by OC mining, and the left over coal would result in fire hazards. The Committee desired that the ultimate depth of the water body should be reduced to 100m. The Committee also stated that the Tori-Shivpur-Hazaribagh Railway line has been realigned for coal transportation of mines of N.Karnapura Coalfields and the railway link to this project should be dovetailed to ensure that the forestland is not fragmented. The Committee desired that the PP consult the CMPDI &IIT, Kharagpur or other reputed institutions for the best option to carry out the mining and dumping in forest area in both the pits. The Committee also desired that the large scale displacement of people from already naxal affected area needs to be borne in mind for considering better options which may generate livelihood of the local people. The Committee also noted that N.Karnapura coalfields has a number of Schedule-I fauna such as elephant, leopard, etc. and a detailed Wildlife Conservation Plan would require to be prepared. The Committee also sought a clarification on the use of coal from this mine to ‘end users’ and despatch arrangements for each.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid  details.

 

 

2.         Tokisud North Sub Block Captive Coalmine Project (2 MTPA to 3 MTPA within the existing ML area of 585 ha) of M/s GVK Coal Co. Pvt. Ltd., located in dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the mine is located is South Karanpura Coalfields. EC was granted for 2 MTPA capacity on 24.09.2008 for captive use of their linked TPP (2 x 300 MW) at Govindlal Sahib for which EC has been obtained. FC has also been obtained on 21.04.2010 for the present project. The present proposal is for expansion in production to 3 MTPA during the first f4 years of mine life in view that their second captive coal mine project has been delayed in allotment and Mining Plan has been recently submitted to MOC. There is no change in the overall ML for mine operations consisting of 191 ha of external OB dump and 237 ha of quarry area. The total OB generated (147 Mm3) would also remain the same and the total mine out coal (51.92 MT) over the life of the project would also be same. It was further informed that permission for railway siding has been obtained and land acquisition of mainly non-agricultural land (89%) for the same is under process. It was clarified that the capacity of the washery being established within the ML would be increased. It was informed that coal transportation of about 10,000 TPD of coal would be by trucks involving 450-500 trips/day by 20-T tippers to Tokisud Railway Siding located at a distance of 3km.

 

The Committee stated that for consideration of proposals under Clause 7 (ii) for expansion in production, with no additional lease area, an approved Mining Plan is required along with an Addendum EIA-EMP Report on the impacts of incremental production. The details of compliance of EC conditions and issues raised in the P.H. are also required to be presented. The Committee desired that the Addendum EIA-EMP required should provide details of calendar plan of OB dumping, calendar plan of backfilling and environmental parameters, quantum of coal to be despatched in the expansion project to linked project and the option of using conveyors-cum-rail by bulk loading, etc for further consideration of the proposal. The Committee desired that a Plan for utilisation of coal rejects be prepared and furnished along with details of washing for 3 MTPA of coal production. The Committee observed that River Damodar flows adjoining the mine lease boundary. A number of tributaries of River Damodar flow through the mine. The Committee further desired that as a large number of coal blocks are being allotted in S.Karanpura Coalfields, air pollution monitoring of PM10, PM2.5 should also be monitored and data furnished. The project involves R&R of 4 villages - Deogarh, Urej, Ango and Tokisud consisting of 614 PAFs .R&R expenditure would be 1645 lakhs. The Committee also desired that a detailed project specific CSR Action Plan is also required to be submitted by PP, including a Plan for upgrading teaching staff and facility, schemes for tribal upliftment, etc.  A provision of Rs 5/tonne of coal should be earmarked for CSR revenue expenditure. The Committee also desired that a fresh Public Hearing be carried out by PP for the expansion project.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)          An Addendum EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for expansion from 2 MTPA to 3 MTPA rated capacity within ML area of 585 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006. The Committee stated that for consideration of proposals under Clause 7 (ii) for expansion in production, with no additional lease area, an approved Mining Plan is required along with an Addendum EIA-EMP Report on the impacts of incremental production. The details of compliance of EC conditions and issues raised in the P.H. are also required to be presented. The Committee desired that the Addendum EIA-EMP required should provide details of calendar plan of OB dumping, calendar plan of backfilling and environmental parameters, quantum of coal to be despatched in the expansion project to linked project and the option of using conveyors-cum-rail by bulk loading, etc for further consideration of the proposal. The Committee desired that a Plan for utilisation of coal rejects be prepared and furnished along with details of washing for 3 MTPA of coal production.

(ii)         An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for expansion from 2 MTPA to 3 MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for expansion from 2 MTPA to 3 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for the enhancement to 3 MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)        A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)        A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)         Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)        Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)       A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)      A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

(ix)        In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

(x)         Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(xi)        Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(xii)       Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xiii)      Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xiv)     The Committee further desired that as a large number of coal blocks are being allotted in S.Karanpura Coalfields, air pollution monitoring of PM10, PM2.5 should also be monitored and data furnished. Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xv)         Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xvi)        Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvii)       The Committee observed that River Damodar flows adjoining the mine lease boundary. A number of tributaries of River Damodar flow through the mine. Impact of expansion project on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)      Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)        Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)         Hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies carried out. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)        Impacts of mining on the AAQ- PM10, PM2.5, SOx and NOx, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxii)       Impacts of mineral transportation for the 3 MTPA (peak)– within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)      Details of changes to calendar plan - waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)      Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxv)       Flow chart of water balance for the expansion project. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of establishment of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)      Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxvii)     Changes to Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxviii)    Changes to Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxix)      Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxx)       Status of implementation of R&R.  Status of plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxi)      The project involves R&R of 4 villages - Deogarh, Urej, Ango and Tokisud consisting of 614 PAFs .R&R expenditure would be 1645 lakhs. The Committee also desired that a detailed project specific CSR Action Plan is also required to be submitted by PP, including a Plan for upgrading teaching staff and facility, schemes for tribal upliftment, etc.  A provision of Rs 5/tonne of coal should be earmarked for CSR revenue expenditure. A fresh Public Hearing should be held and cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxii)     In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxiii)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxiv)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxxv)    Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxvi)   Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)        After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)           The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)          The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)       The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)             Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)            Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)           Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

3.         Gare Pelma –III Opencast UGP (4 MTPA normative and 6.5 MTPA peak with a pit head coal washery) of M/s Goa Industrial Development Corp., located in dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Seeking modification of TOR granted in August 2009)

 

It was informed that an application for modification of TOR was submitted on 19.02.2010 & 07.06.2010 for preparation of an integrated EIA/EMP of mines and washery with increase in project area from 714.35 ha to 775.00 ha, which was considered by the EAC on 31.08.2010 and the proponent was advised to apply for TOR for the linked FBC based TPP for use of coal rejects as the washery capacity is large (6 MTPA (peak).

 

The PP made a presentation. It was informed by the PP that an MOU with SV Power Pvt. Ltd. for supply of 1 MTPA of washery rejects/middling from Gare Pelma-III is proposed and  requested the MOEF/EAC to consider permitting M/s SV Power Pvt. Ltd  with an FBC based Plant of 2x60 MW  capacity to be the linked end user for use of washery rejects /middling  from Gare Pelma Coal mine-cum-Washery. It was clarified that the company is a Public-Private Partnership of M/s Goa Industrial Development Corp.-a Govt. undertaking and KSK Mahanadi Power Company Ltd. is a developer appointed by Govt. The share of power generated is proposed as GIDCL-10%, KSK 15% & 75% power goes to Chhattisgarh Govt. as the coal block is located in Chhattisgarh. The EAC sought details of end user of power and stakeholders in the company and requested that the details of consumers of linked power plant supported by documents along with company representatives may be present during presentation for further consideration of the case. The Committee also decided that the details of coal washery and utilisation of the coal rejects would also be required.

 

The Committee deferred the matter for further consideration until details sought above are furnished.

 

 

4.         Cluster V (7 mines) of normative prod. cap. of 4.854 MTPA and 6.311 MTPA (peak) of M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd. located in Jharia Coalfields, dist. Dhanbad, Jharkhand (TOR)

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the cluster V consists of 7 mines consisting of  6 OC and UG mines  and 1 UG closed mine of a combined ML area of 1957.08 ha and prod. capacity of 4.854 MTPA and 6.311 MTPA (peak) as given below:

S.N.

 

MINES IN CLUSTER -V

Name of Mine

Production capacity(MTY)

Lease Hold Area(HA)

Life of Mine

(years)

NORMATIVE

PEAK

1

Nichitpur OC Mines

0.6

0.78

150

10

2

Tetulmari Colliery Opencast & Underground mines

0.795

1.033

317

>30

3

Mudidih Colliery Opencast & Underground mines

1.553

2.019

378.05

>30

4.

Sendra Bansjore Colliery  Opencast & Underground mines

0.75

0.975

249.63

23

5

Kankanee Colliery Opencast &Underground mines

0.48

0.624

258.12

>30

6.

Bansdeopur Colliery (Opencast & Underground mines)

0.676

0.879

104.72

>30

7.

Loyabad UG Mines (closed for coal production)

0

0

499.56

-

 

 

Total

4.854

6.311

1957.08

-

 

 

 

LAND USE OF CLUSTER V

 

S.No

Type Land Use

Present Mining

Land Use(In Ha)

Proposed Mining Land Use(In Ha)

Post- Mining Land Use(In Ha)

1.

Running quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

112.13

36.35

0.00

Not Backfilled

123.47

44.38

0.00

2.

Abandoned quarry

 

 

 

Backfilled

82.53

0.00

0.00

Not Backfilled

48.98

0.00

0.00

3.

External OB dump

73.07

0.00

0.00

4.

Service building/mine infrastructure

13.87

11.86

0.00

5.

Coal dump

12.15

12.15

0.00

6.

Rail & Road

124.03

113.22

113.22

7.

Homestead land

272.93

248.00

248.00

8.

Agriculture land

14.00

14.00

14.00

9.

Plantation/reclamation

150.45

979.25

1089.62

10

Water body

29.19

51.57

95.95

11.

Barren land

900.28

446.28

396.28

 

                                Total

 

1957.08

 

1957.08

 

1957.08

 

      The details of Rehabilitation CLUSTER V

 

S.N.

Parameter

Details

1.

Total Voids

25.87 Mm3

2.

Total External OB

21.92 Mm3

3.

Total Unstable Sites

77 no.

4.

Total Affected Areas

1383420 m2

5.

No. of Houses to be rehabilitated

5835 no. as per JAP

6.

Land for Resettlement

39.76 ha (BCCL land) 72.53 ha (Non-BCCL land)

7.

Total cost of fire dealing

16465 lakhs

8.

Total  resettlement Cost

Rs 104024.9 lakhs

 

 

This cluster is bounded east by cluster VI group of mines and in the west by cluster IV mines and by cluster XI mines in the south and within Jharia Coalfields. Mine area is drained by Nagri Jore & Ekra Jore, flowing towards South and South West respectively across the cluster.

 

The Committee desired that AAQ monitoring stations should be established based on the locations of habitations, pollution generating sources and the wind direction and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view that Dhanbad  is a critically polluted area. The Committee desired that abandoned pits/quarries if any, of worked out mines of pre-nationalisation period should be backfilled and reclaimed with plantation properly. The Committee also desired that the details of Jharia Action Plan involving resettlement of habitation from unstable sites within the cluster should be an integrated with the EIA-EMP study for the entire cluster along with specific time targets of the schedule of implementation. The Committee desired that the R&R Plan involving 5835 homesteads living in unstable locations within the cluster requiring to be rehabilitated should be prepared.

 

The Committee desired a detailed CSR Plan for the entire cluster and Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee also desired that a dedicated multidisciplinary team of experts of all age groups including locals particularly the freshly inducted should be created to continue with the smooth implementation and completion and monitoring of the Jharia Action Plan.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)            An Integrated EIA-EMP Report for cluster V consisting of 7 mines consisting of  6 OC and UG mines  and 1 UG closed mine of a combined ML area of 1957.08 ha should be prepared for 4.854 MTPA (normative) with 6.311 MTPA (peak) rated capacity based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006. The Integrated EIA-EMP for the cluster V  mines shall be prepared clearly bringing out the present status of 7 mines in Cluster V as above- status of env. quality and the extent of pollution load from each mine and the combined pollution load from the cluster of mines that would be reduced by taking suitable mitigative measures for the individual mines and for the cluster and the expected improvement in the environmental quality of the mines in the cluster and within the coalfield after the implementation of the measures through an Integrated Environmental Plan formulated on the aforesaid basis.  A fresh baseline data on the env. quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. shall be generated through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon. Details of the present land use and post mining land use of the operating and abandoned mines individually and as a cluster shall be furnished as part of the EIA. A detailed Mine Closure Plan and a Mine Reclamation Plan for the abandoned mines (UG and OC)/pits/quarries found in the cluster shall be furnished as a part of EIA-EMP study. The closure of UG mines should ensure that no illegal mining is done thereafter from the mines. Details of long term benefits to environment because of cluster approach of mining shall be clearly addressed in the EIA-EMP study. In addition to the above, details of an Action Plan for project specific R&R and CSR shall also be formulated and presented in the EIA-EMP. The aforesaid Integrated Environmental Management Plan shall be dovetailed with the Jharia Action Plan and details of its implementation with specific time-lines should be provided. As Dhanbad is a Critically Polluted Area, the specific Action Plan for mitigation and improvement of env. quality should be presented.

(ii)            An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 4.854 MTPA (normative) with 6.311 MTPA (peak) rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 4.854 MTPA (normative) with 6.311 MTPA (peak) of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 6.311 MTPA (peak). Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)           A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)          A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)           Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)          Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)         A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)        A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

(ix)          In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

(x)           Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(xi)          Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(xii)         Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xiii)        Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xiv)        The Committee desired that AAQ monitoring stations should be established based on the locations of habitations, pollution generating sources and the wind direction and should be checked for impacts of measures taken on the air quality in view that Dhanbad  is a critically polluted area.Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xv)         Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale)  (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xvi)        Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xvii)       Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xviii)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xix)        Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xx)         Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xxi)        Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xxii)       Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxiii)      Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxiv)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                       

(xxv)       Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxvi)      Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxvii)     Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxviii)    Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxix)      Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxx)       Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxxi)      Disaster Management Plan and Risk Assessment.

(xxxii)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxiii)    Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxiv)   Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxv)    Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxvi)   The Committee desired that the R&R Plan involving 5835 homesteads living in unstable locations within the cluster requiring to be rehabilitated should be prepared. Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxvii)  Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxviii) In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxx)   Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxxi)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxxxii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from

            Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)        After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(vii)         The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(viii)        The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)       The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, and the public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and the proponent will take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

 

 

5.         Ghogha-Surka Lignite Mine and Khadsaliya I and Khadsaliya-II Lignite Mine of M/s Gujarat Power Corp. Ltd., located in Taluka and district Bhavnagar, Gujarat (Further consideration of TOR)

 

PP not turned up for presentation. It was noted that no intimation was given for not attending the meeting

 

 

6.         Installation of Pyrite Treatment Plant in Surkha North Lignite Mine Project of M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corp. Ltd. in Tehsil Ghogha, Dist. Bhavnagar, Gujarat for which EC was granted on 07.05.2007.

 

Surkha North Lignite Mine project was granted EC on 07.05.2007 and lignite production in Surkha (North) lignite mine at 3 MTPA rated capacity started on 14th December 2008. However, a Pyrite Plant was not included in the earlier project as pyrite nodules did not show up in the GR and therefore was not reflected in the EIA-EMP Report. It was informed that there is a shortfall in rated production due to presence of pyrite nodules, which are hard and crushers get damaged. Pyrite causes slagging in furnaces, accretion of boiler tubes, wear tear resulting rupture. PP also informed that SOx is generated due to pyrite burning, lime is needed to minimise SOX. Lime addition impedes heat value, increases lignite consumption and operation cost. Therefore, it is proposed to remove pyrite which can be sold to chemical and Iron & Steel industry, Paper and Sulphuric acid manufacturing industry.

 

It is proposed to go for dry process for pyrite removal using Ramdars technology for pyrite separation through dry method along with Ardee Sort technology for separation of smaller size of nodules at Surkha mines. The Plant of 3.33MTPA capacity to be installed in two phases of 1.665 MTPA each would require an area of 3 acres within the ML area. The water requirement for the Plant is 12 m3/d using domestic water supply.  Capital cost of the Plant is Rs 58 crores. It was informed that the Ardee Sort Technology would use multi-Energy X-Ray generator, involving a radiometric source which contains Caesium137.

 

The Committee observed that the technology proposed using Ce137 has environmental implications of residual radioactivity as Ce137 has a half life of 30 years, i.e. beyond the life of the lignite mine project which is 22 years. The Committee desired that all necessary clearances/approvals from AERB and other agencies such as BARC should be involved in issues of safety for use and for disposal and monitoring of Ce137. The matter of pyrite separation by 95% and use of pyrite (FeS2) by manufacturers of Sulphuric Acid, fertilizers requires to be examined. The Committee desired that the proponent submit an addendum EIA/EMP in regard to the issues as above and for handling and transfer of pyrites and for its end use. The Committee desired that other options such as magnetic separator, vibrating separator, density gradient, electrostatic precipitators instead of using ArdeeSort technology to avoid use of radioactive substance be explored and details furnished as part of Addendum EIA-EMP study and no approvals from radioactive angle would be required, if an alternate technology is chosen. The Committee also desired that a detailed Risk Assessment for the storage, loading and transfer of pyrite to product end users be incorporated as part of the Study.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon submission of an Addendum EIA-EMP on the aforesaid details.

 



7.         Tilaboni Expn. UGP (From 0.21 MTPA to 1.86 MTPA normative and 2.14 MTPA (peak) in an ML area of 869ha of M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd. located in Raniganj Coalfields, dist. Burdwan, W.B. (TOR)

 

The proposal obtained EC for 1.17 MTPA in an ML area of 436 ha on 29.10.1992. Present level of production as on 2009-10 is 0.2 MTPA.  Of the total ML area, 4.21 ha is roads, 50.08 ha is built up area, 29.53 ha is surface water bodies, 45.69 ha is afforestation, and 187.96 ha is wasteland, 551.53 ha is tenancy land.  Area required for surface rights 31.50 ha and mining by caving would involve an area of 780 ha. Mining would be by Board & Pillar using continuous miner, which would increase production to 60% of the extractable reserves. Two sets of entries have been proposed in Tilaboni and Tilaboni extension blocks as mine no.-1 & mine no.-2. Life of mine is about 25 years. Anticipated subsidence is 0.5-0.7m. Transportation from mine to CHP and to railway siding would be by covered trucks. New railway siding is proposed at Jhanjra at a distance of 1 km from mine no.1 and about 4 km from mine no-2.

 

The Committee desired that a study on subsidence needs to be carried out and also desired that wagon loading be done through CHP instead of pay loaders to reduce dust generation.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)             An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for 0.21 MTPA to 1.86 MTPA a peak capacity over an area of 869ha addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/ plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)            The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for expansion from 0.21 MTPA to 1.86 MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan. The details of areas under Mining Rights and under Surface rights and their land use should be provided in the EIA-EMP Report.

(iii)           A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)          Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)           Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)          Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

(vii)         Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)        Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)          Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)           Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.. 

(xi)          Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)         Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas is declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)        Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)        Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)         Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)        The Committee desired that transportation should use bulk loaders instead of pay loaders. Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)       Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)      Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)        Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)         Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

(xxi)        Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)       Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)      Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)      R&R: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxv)       Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvi)      Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxvii)   Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC form Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material in Regional languages provided/enclosed with the application.

(iv)          After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)           The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(vi)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the

project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)      Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(iv)          Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(v)           Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(vi)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

8.         Dugga OC Expansion Project (0.50 MTPA to 1.50 MTPA in an ML area of 442.02ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. located in Tehsil Pratappur, Dist. Sarguja, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR granted on 18.02.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion in production from 0.5 MTPA to 1.50 MTPA involving an ML area of 442.02 ha. Grade of coal is B-C. Mining is opencast using shovel-dumper combination. It was informed that 48.07 Mm3 of OB has been stored in an external OB dump of 25.431 ha area and 30m ht. and biologically reclaimed. Balance life of the mine is 5 years. Cost of the project is Rs 87.05 crores. Total water requirement is 1630 m3/d of which 1250m3/day is for mining operation and 50 m3/day is for drinking and domestic consumption is330-m3/day. Water table is in the range of 4.40m to 9.50m during pre-monsoon and in the range of 1.75m to 6.08m bgl (post monsoon). R&R involving one village Bhatgaon with 210 PAF’S has been completed and 48 PAFs resettled in Adarshnagar and 162 PAFs shifted to localities of their choice. Compensation had been paid. It was informed that the drainage of the block is controlled by Masan nallah which finally meets with Mahan river. About 5000 TPD of coal transportation outside ML area would be by road involving 500 trucks/day to Bhatgaon railway station (siding) and thereafter by rail to consumers. Public Hearing held on 05.04.2010.Project has been approved by SECL on 8.4.2006. It was stated that a void of 30.059 ha area and 12m depth would be left at the post mining stage.

 

The Committee observed that it is a violation case as the unit is operating at 0.9 MTPA production. The Committee observed that SPM and RPM levels are very high and desired that mitigative measures should be taken to reduce the same. The Committee observed that 159.392 ha of forestland is involved in the project but the project has not obtained forestry clearance. The Committee desired bulk loading into wagons at the railway siding. The Committee desired a detailed project specific CSR Plan and activity-wise expenditure be furnished. An amount of Rs 5 per tonne of coal should be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee sought clarification on the details of OB generation, dumping and land use for mining operation and clarification thereon is furnished to the Ministry for their record. The Committee also decided that the repeated violations of projects by the proponent should be brought to the attention of the Ministry.

 

The Committee after discussions decided to further consider the project upon furnishing of the aforesaid details.

 

 

 

9.         Chirimiri OCP (2 MTPA (normative) and 2.70 MTPA peak in 544.06 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd., located in Tehsil Mahendragarh, dist. Korea, Chhattisgarh (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the project is to be implemented in three phases- I, II and III. Phase-I is on-going and the present proposal is for expansion (phase-II) and Phase-III is proposed in the future. The total ML area is 544.046 ha of which 332.986 ha is forestland, 8.282 ha is agricultural land and 201.778 ha is wasteland and 1 ha is water body. Of the total ML area, 209 ha is quarry area (of which 79.917 ha has been excavated and 18.312 ha has been reclaimed), mineral storage is 8.000; infrastructure is 14.312ha; township/R&R site is 48.50ha, ETP is 0.007ha and others (safety zone) is184.310ha. Mining is opencast by shovel-dumper combination. Grade of coal is B-C. The total estimated OB generation is 120.88 Mm3 which is to backfilled to 2-3m bgl. Balance life of the mine is 14 years. Total cost of the project is Rs. 427.06 crores.  R&R is involved. The drainage of the block involves a number of nalas Gorghela nala, Bijour Jhria nala along the east, Korea nala, north –Kurasia and Bhagbori nalas in the west which ultimately join river Hasdeo, which flow in north-south direction. Coal is despatched to Korea Duman Hill and Chirmiri railway siding by road.

 

The Committee desired that Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities under CSR. The Committee noted that of the total 544.06 ha, 332.986 ha is forestland and desired that forestry clearance be obtained.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)              An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2 MTPA (normative) and 2.70 MTPA peak in 544.06 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)             An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 2 MTPA (normative) and 2.70 MTPA peak rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 2 MTPA (normative) and 2.70 MTPA peak of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 2 MTPA (normative) and 2.70 MTPA peak. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)            A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iii)        A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(iv)          Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(v)           Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vi)          A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(vii)         A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/ modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(viii)        Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(ix)        Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(x)        Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xii)       Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiii)      Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xiv)      Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xv)       Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xv)         Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

 (xvii)    Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xviii)    Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xix)      Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xx)       Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxi)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                       

(xxii)     Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxii)       Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxiii)      Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxiv)      Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxv)     Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxvi)    Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

 (xxviii)  Disaster Management Plan.

(xxix)    Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxx)     Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF)  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 (xxxi)   Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

(xxxii)   Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiii)   Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxiv) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxv)   In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxv)    Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

 (xxxvii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)        After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ix)          The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(x)           The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)       The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(vii)         Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(viii)        Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(ix)          Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

10.        NCPH Colliery (expn. from 0.54 MTPA to 1.2 MTPA in an ML area of 1359.74 ha) of M/s SECL located in Tehsil Khargawaon Dev. Block, dist. Korea, Chhattisgarh (EC based on TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion in production from 0.54 MTPA to 1.2 MTPA.  The total ML area is1359.74 ha consisting of 1284 ha of forestland, 27.482 ha is Government land and 78.357 ha is agriculture land. Method of mining is Board & Pillar with caving. Ultimate working depth is 298m. Grade of coal is B, C and D. Balance life of mine is 14 years. Water level is in the range of 3-6.5m. Subsidence is not anticipated as there is an 80m basalt formation between the surface and the coal seam. No R&R is involved. A number of RF and PF are found in the study area. The drainage of the block is controlled by a number of nalas - Korea Nala on west and Kurasia and Bhagbori nalas flowing south to north which ultimately join river Hasdeo River in the buffer zone. Coal transport is by covered trucks from the mine to Chirmiri siding (1 km) and thereafter despatch is by rail. Mining Plan has been approved. Public Hearing was held on 31.08.2010.

 

The Committee desired that that CSR should be for Rs 5 per tonne of coal to be earmarked for activities identified under CSR. Detailed project specific CSR Action Plan is also required. The activities undertaken for the specific villages adopted under CSR shall be displayed on the company website and updated at least once a year. The Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

11.        Dinesh (Makardokhra-III) (3 MTPA in an ML area of 1636.97 ha) of M/s WCL, located in dist. Nagpur, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 09.02.2009)

 

The proposal is for opening a new opencast coal mine of 3 MTPA in Umrer Area, in an ML area of 1636.97 ha, of which 48.42ha is forestland, 160.03 ha is Government land and 1428.52 ha Agriculture land. Public Hearing was held on 22.10.2010. Land use requirements for mining is of the total ML area of1636.97 ha, area for excavation is 674.05 ha; ext OB dump is 582.73ha, infrastructure is 10 ha, and area needed for rationalisation and blasting zone is 350.19 ha, and area for colony is 20 ha. Mining is opencast using shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate working depth is 200m bgl. Grade of coal is D-E. Total estimated OB generation is 660.32 Mm3 of which 314.69 Mm3 of OB would be stored in two external OB dumps of a max. 90m height to store 220.64 Mm3 of OB and 94.05 Mm3 of OB. Backfilling of 345.63 Mm3 of OB is proposed into decoaled quarry along a central haul road. Backfilling will start form the 7th year. The upper tiers (+30m above GL &+60mabove GL) of the decoaled area would get merged with the external dump proposed in the western side of mine. 345.63 Mm3 in internal dump in decoaled area. The final void to be left would be 224 ha as the mine proposes to extend along the dip side. Total water requirement for the project is 260 m3/d (mine use -141m3/day; drinking -119m3/day). It is proposed to resettle Hevti village to a new site as the proposed OB dump site is in close proximity. Drainage of the block is by Amb river. It was stated that a new railway line is proposed to be established in Umrer Area in 10 years, however, the same Railway Siding would cater to wagon loading. Until then, the present system would continue. Life of OC mine is 32 years.Total cost of project is Rs 502.22 crores.

 

The Committee observed that of the 1636.97 ha of ML area, 1428.52 ha is agricultural land with rich black cotton soil which results in problems during coal combustion in TPPs during rainy season. The Committee desired that CHPs should also be established in coal mining areas. The Committee also observed that the transportation of coal to Umrer siding is about 2 km by road and desired that proper coal handling arrangements are put n place at Umrer along with bulk loading arrangement instead of pay loaders. The Committee also desired that the Umrer siding should be upgraded and plantation developed. The Committee desired that reclamation of post mining for agricultural use may be examined.

 

The Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance subject to submission of the aforesaid details for record of the Ministry.

 

 

12.        Kamptee OCP Expn. Project (0.65 MTPA to 1.50 MTPA) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., located in Tehsil Parseoni, dist. Nagpur, Maharshtra (Non-compliance regarding Specific Condition No. xi Condition in EC letter dated 17.10.2006

 

Director, MOEF informed that the MOEF has specified a condition (ix) in EC letter dated17.10.2006 regarding Occupational Health Surveillance by NIOH, Ahmedabad for Third Party evaluation of impacts on health. However, this condition is not being complied in this as well as other projects. The matter has been referred to EAC.

 

The proponent stated that NIOH, Ahmedabad was contacted in this regard; however, they have expressed their inability as they do not have such a large capacity in their institution to undertake study for such a large number of projects.

 

The Committee desired that such a work could be undertaken by institutions (which are not under the Ministry of Coal) in and around Nagpur such as the National Institute of Miners Health, which is under the Ministry of Labour. TATA Institute of Social Sciences Mumbai, Maharashtra could also be contacted for undertaking such a study as part of their research projects.

 

In regard to Specific Condition No (X) regarding installation of STP in existing colony and ETP for treating effluents in workshop and wastewater from mining operations, the proponent informed that ETP is established in their projects for treatment of effluents. However, installation of STP is considered only if the township has a sizeable population and the balance life of the project is significant (>10 years), otherwise domestic sewage is let off in septic tanks. In this project, individual septic tanks and soak pits have been provided in 600 houses in their old colony.

 

The Committee was of the view that STP should be provided in new colony in their existing/new projects.

 

 

13.        Proposed New Majri UG to OC (0.80 MTPA in an ML area of 479.16 ha) of M/s WCL, dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (discussion on response dated 30.12.2010 to conditions given by EAC)

 

The proposal was considered in September 2010 with the following conditions:

 

·         Point (iii) coal transportation from mine pit to the railway siding for a distance of 2 km should be by closed conveyor

·         Point (iv) An ‘Action Plan’ to reclaim the old OB dumps along Wardha River should be prepared and implemented.

 

In this regard, the proponent confirmed that closed conveyor system for coal transportation would be established and a detailed report would be submitted to ministry (within 3 months after issue of EC letter).  Since River Wardha flows along old OB dump areas, the proponent agreed in principal agreed to do the reclamation progressively and is an integral part of the plan of the overall mining activity of the area. An Action plan in this regard will be submitted to the Ministry. The Committee desired that the plantations should also be developed on the embankment and on other side of the river. The Committee also desired that the wagon loading should be through CHP and not by pay loaders.

 

The Committee recommend EC with incorporation of the aforesaid conditions.

 

 

14.        Sakhri-Irwati (Pauni-III) OCP (1.25 MTPA normative and 1.55 MTPA peak in an ML area of 821.84 ha) of M/s WCL, located in dist. Chandrapur, Maharshtra (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for opening a new opencast coal mine. The mine is located in Ballarpur Area, however, the mine does not fall in CPA Chandrapur. The total lease area is 821.84ha, of which 29.81 ha is forestland, 692.03 ha is agriculture land and 100 ha is waste land. Of the total ML area of 821.84 ha, area for excavation is 217.40 ha, are for ext.OB dump is149.78 ha, area for infrastructure is 20.00ha, area for rationalization and blasting Zone is 414.66ha and area for colony is 20.00ha. Mining is by shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate depth is 200m bgl. Grade of coal is E. The total estimated OB generation is 157.57 Mm3 of which 73.77 Mm3 would be stored in two external OB dumps (57.38 Mm3 and 16.39 Mm3) and 83.80 Mm3 would be backfilled. Life of the mine is 23 years and capital cost of the project is Rs 360.7987 crores. Water table is in the range of 4.05-9.35m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 1-7.2m bgl (post-monsoon). Drainage of the block is by Sarkhri nala,Lendi nala which form a part of River Wardha drainage system. It is proposed to divert Sarkhri nala. Coal transportation would be by road. Revenue budget of Rs 5/tonne of coal production is earmarked for CSR and Rs. 61.0 lakhs for environmental costs.

 

The Committee desired that the void of Pauni III be backfilled and feasibility of mine entry be from Pauni-II be examined so that an integrated planning of mining-cum-sequential backfilling is undertaken.

 

The Committee decided to further the project with receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

15.        Motaghat (Recast) OCP (1.25 MTPA normative and 1.63 MTPA peak in an ML area of 652.80 ha) of M/s WCL, located in dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proposal is for an opencast mine which is a dipside extension of the existing Sector-5 of Durgapur Opencast mine located in the eastern part of Wardha Valley Coalfields, dist. Chandrapur, Maharashatra, The existing Durgapur-5 was a part of Sector-1 and 2 of erstwhile Padmapur OC of Padmapur Block and work has stalled due to non-availability of FC for the forestland within the ML on the dipside.  The entire ML area of 652.80 ha consists of tenancy land, of which 522.74 ha been acquired.  No forestland is involved. There are no RF/PF in the study area. Motaghat nala flows adjoining the ML, and is not proposed to be diverted. Of the total ML area, quarry area is 284.25 ha, ext. OB dump is 272.58 ha, infrastructure is 20 ha, area needed for rationalisation and blasting Zone is 75.97ha. Mining is by shovel-dumper combination. Water table is in the range of 8.25-12.8m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 1.6-8.1m bgl (post-monsoon). Ultimate working depth is 190m bgl. Grade of coal is F. Coal transportation would be by road. Total estimated OB generation is 205.08 Mm3 of which 133.91 Mm3 would be stored in external OB dumps and the balance 71.17 Mm3 of OB would be backfilled. Final void at the post mining stage is 137 ha.  Life of the mine is 24 years. Cost of the project is Rs 131.01 crores.

 

The Committee sought a clarification on the location of the mine vis-à-vis CPA Chandrapur, in view that the mine is situated at a distance of 1km from Chandrapur TPS. The Committee also desired loading of coal by bulk loaders and electronic equipment be used as far as practical to reduce dust pollution in the area. The Committee sought a clarification whether the final void is to be left for future mining of reserves. The Committee desired that the ext. OB dumps being raised to 90m should be temporarily stabilised with grass. The Committee also desired that surface area drainage study of the area should be carried out.

 

Based on the application along with documents and presentation thereon and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)             An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.63 MTPA peak in an ML area of 652.80 ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)            An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.63 MTPA peak rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.63 MTPA peak of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for 1.25 MTPA normative and 1.63 MTPA peak. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)           A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)          A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)           Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)          Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)         A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)        A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

(ix)          In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/ modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(x)           Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

(xi)          Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xii)         Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xiii)        The Committee also desired loading of coal by bulk loaders and electronic equipment be used as far as practical to reduce dust pollution in the area. Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xiv)        Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI  standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable.

(xv)         Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xvi)        Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xvii)       Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xviii)      The Committee also desired that surface area drainage study of the area should be carried out.

(xix)        Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xx)         Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xxi)        Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxii)       Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxiii)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                       

(xxiv)      Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxv)       Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxvi)      The Committee desired that the ext. OB dumps being raised to 90m should be temporarily stabilised with grass. Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvii)     Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxviii)    Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxix)      Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxx)       Disaster Management Plan and Risk Assessment.

(xxxi)      Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxii)     Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF).  and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

(xxxiii)    Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. The Committee sought a clarification whether the final void is to be left for future mining of reserves.

(xxxiv)   Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxv)    Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families)  found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxvi)   Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii)  In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxviii) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxix)   Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

The following general points should be noted:

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)        After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)        The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vii)       The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(viii)      The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(ix)        The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)             Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)            Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)           Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

 

 

16.        Letter dated 15.10.2010 of M/s Gondhkari Coal Mining Ltd. for revising ML area from 1130 ha to 977ha of Gondhkari UG Coalmine Project

 

The proponent informed that of the total ML area of 1130 ha, it has been decided during consideration of the Mining Plan for the project to reduce the ML area to 970 ha which is coal bearing and an additional 7 ha has been added for accommodation of the main Incline of Mine No.7.

 

The Committee recommended the total revised ML area of 977 ha.

 

 

17.        Orient No. 4 UGP (0.15 MTPA to 0.5 MTPA in an ML area of 519.474 ha) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. located in dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (EC based on TOR granted on 16.04.2007)

 

The proposal is for expansion of the UGP mine from 0.15 MTPA to 0.5 MTPA. The mine is located in Ib Valley. Enhancement of coal production is by introducing additional LSDs. No additional infrastructure or equipment is required for the expansion project. Of the total mining lease area is 519.474 ha, of which 397.439 ha is forestland and 122.035 ha is Government land. Mining is underground by Board & Pillar method using LHD and with stowing. Sand from Ib river is being used. Grade of coal is C. Ultimate working depth is 238m bgl. Drainage of the block is controlled by Ib River and a number of ephemeral streams flowing in the area. Water table is in the range of 1.30mbgl to 7.62mbgl (pre-monsoon) and 0.75 m bgl to 3.55 m bgl (post-monsoon). Peak mine flow is 6280 m3/d. Coal is transported by belt conveyor to surface bunker despatched directly to consumers. Subsidence of 2.80mm tensile strain is predicted with stowing which is within the 20mm limit. The mine has two inclines (no.9 & no.12) which are used as intake air ways. Public Hearing was held on 24.04.2010. Balance life of mine is 14 years.

 

The Committee observed that the mine is located in CPA, Ib Valley and sought a clarification from MOEF.

The Committee observed that the ventilation arrangements have not been suitably provided as per the Coal Mine Regulations. is not adequate and desired that mining ventilation of adequate capacity be provided. The Committee recommended that forestry clearance should be obtained for mining in forestland. The Committee desired that a new ETP should be provided. The Committee desired that General Manager/Senior officer of company should be present for the presentation.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project on the aforesaid issues.

 

 

18.        Proposed Basundhara Coal Washery (10 MTPA) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. to be located in dist. Sundergarh, Orissa (TOR)

 

The proposal is for establishing a non-coking coal washery of 10 MTPA capacity within Kulda OCP located in Ib Valley in dist. Sundergarh, which does not fall in CPA, Ib Valley.  Land required for the washery is 27.66 ha of which 21.73 ha ha sbeen acquired (8.73 ha is forestland and 14.68 ha is land of Kulda opencast mine). The remaining 5.93 ha is for coal conveyor corridor to MGR which includes 4.33 ha of tenancy land and 1.2 ha of Govt. land. The distance of washery from the mine is 3km and transport of raw coal is by conveyors and transport of coal rejects to the FBC based TPP proposed at a distance of 1km would be by conveyors. Washing would be by wet process using Batac Jig. Washery would be zero-discharge. Grade of coal to be washed is D and E with an ash content of 43.8%. Washing would produce 7.03 MTPA of clean coal (< 33.5% + 0.5%) to TPPs by MGR/Railway by basket linkage and the balance 2.97 MTPA would be coal rejects of > 55% ash content. Water of 643 m3/d from Basundhara Coal mine would be utilised, of which 540m3/ day make up water requirement in plant;3 m3/day for drinking;100 m3/day  for fire fighting and dust suppression. Rejects would  transported by conveyor dumped within decoaled area of the mine until a 100MW FBC power plant over 45 ha area is commissioned in Basundhara area. Life of the project is 18 years.

 

The Committee observed that the mine pit water of Basundhara OCP would be used for the proposed  and desired that details of water balance should be furnished. The Committee also desired that an Integrated EIA-EMP Study for the integrated Coal washery-cum-FBC based TPP be submitted for EC. The Committee also desired that use of flyash by cement plants and other users should be identified and included in the Report.

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)         The Committee also desired that an Integrated EIA-EMP Study for the integrated Coal washery-cum-FBC based TPP be submitted for EC. The Committee also desired that use of flyash by cement plants and other users should be identified and included in the Report.

(ii)         A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(iii)        The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iv)        A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

 (v)         Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(vi)        The Committee observed that the mine pit water of Basundhara OCP would be used for the proposed  and desired that details of water balance should be furnished. Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vii)       Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(viii)      Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(ix)        Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(x)        Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xi)        Details of green belt development.

(xii)       Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xiii)      Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xiv)      Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xv)         Submission of sample test analysis of:

i.    Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

ii.    Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

iii.    Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xvii)     Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xviii)    Details along with Copies of MOU/Agreement in case the FBC based TPP is to be operated by another company or a JV.

(xxxvi)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

The following general points should be noted:

 

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)          After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report on the coal washery as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)           The details of the EIA-EMP Report should be summarised in the Mining Sector Questionnaire posted on the MOEF website with all sections duly filled in and furnished along with the EIA-EMP (Final) Report.

(vi)        The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be

 attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)       The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

 

19.        Gaurangdih ABC Opencast Coalmine Project (2.5 MTPA in an ML area of 370 ha) of M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd., located in district Burdwan, West Bengal – (TOR)

 

It was informed that the coal block has been allotted to M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd., which is a Joint Venture Company of Himachal EMTA Power Limited and JSW Steel limited.

 

Before the presentation began, the Committee sought details from the proponent regarding the formulation of the JV and the Agreement thereto. The PP informed a company M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd, has been constituted which is a Joint Venture Company of Himachal EMTA Power Limited and JSW Steel limited, in order to meet the requirement of their 2 x250MW TPP,900 MW TPP,10 MTPA integrated steel plant at Salboni, Medinipur ,West Bengal.  Both the companies in JVC have a 50% sharing (1.25 MTPA each) arrangement of the total 2.5 production from this coalmine. As far as the linked TPP is concerned, the propeont informed that 50% of the power generated would be sold by Himachal EMTA Power Limited.

 

The Committee observed that the linked TPP proposal proposed in West Bengal was rejected by EAC (T&C) Ministry as the site was near the Damodar River and sought clarification whether the revised proposal for the linked 2 x250MW TPP has been submitted to the Ministry.

 

The Committee sought details of the JV, MOU and Agreement for power sharing and for distribution of electricity among JV company supported by documents. The Committee also desired that the representatives of Himachal Power, EMTA Power Limited, JSW Steel limited should also be present for further consideration in the next meeting of EAC in February, 2011.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

*           *           *

 


Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 15th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 24th -25th JANUARY 2011 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

_________________________________________________________________

 

1.         Shri V.P. Raja                         …        …        …        …                                Chairman

 

2.         Prof. C.R.Babu                       …        …        ……     …                                            Member

 

3.         Shri T.K. Dhar                         …        …        …        …                                Member

 

4.         Shri J.L. Mehta                       …        …        …        …                                Member

 

5.         Shri S.Seshadri                       …        …        …        ..                                  Member

 

6.         Prof. Roonwal                         …        …        …        …                                Member

 

7.         Dr. Attri                                    …        …        …        ….                               Member

 

8.         Dr. T. Chandini                        …        …        …                                Scientist F MOEF

 

9.         Dr. Rubab Jaffer         …        …        …        …        …                    Scientist B, MOEF

 

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In addition, Shri P.R.Mandal, Advisor (Projects), Ministry of Coal and Dr.R.K. Garg, Advisor, M/s Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days.


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 15th MEETING OF EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) HELD ON 24th -25th JANUARY 2011 ON COAL MINING PROJECTS

 

1.         M/s North Dhadhu Mining Company Pvt. Ltd.

 

2.         M/s GVK Coal Co. Pvt. Ltd.

 

3.         M/s Goa Industrial Development Corp.

 

4.         M/s Bharat Coking Coal Ltd.

 

5.         M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corp. Ltd.

 

6.         M/s Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

 

7.         M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.

 

8.         M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

 

9.         M/s Gondhkari Coal Mining Ltd.

 

10.        M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.

 

11.        M/s Gaurandih Coal Ltd.

              

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