MINUTES OF 39th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (EAC) (THERMAL & COAL MINING) MEETING HELD ON 3rd-4th JANUARY 2012 IN PARYAVARAN BHAWAN, CGO COMPLEX, LODI ROAD, NEW DELHI.

 

COAL MINING PROJECTS

The 39th meeting of the reconstituted EAC (T &C) was held on 3rd-4th January 2012 in Paryavaran Bhawan, C.G.O Complex, New Delhi to consider the projects of coal mining sector. The list of participants of EAC and the proponents are given at Annexure-1 and 2 respectively.

Confirmation of minutes

The minutes of the 37th meeting of EAC (T&C) held on 28th-29th November 2011 and was confirmed.

 

 

The agenda items were taken up as given below:

 

1.       Hadla Lignite Mine Project (1.62 MTPA normative with a peak capacity of 1.90 MTPA in a total ML area of 1567 ha) of M/s Neyveli Lignite Corp. Ltd. located in Tehsil Kolayar, district Bikaner, Rajasthan (EC based on TOR 12.06.2008)

 

The proponent made a presentation. The proposal is for opening a new opencast lignite mine project of 1.62 MTPA normative with a peak rated capacity of 1.90 MTPA in a total ML area of 1567 ha. The Hadla Lignite mine project is for the proposed expansion of the Barsingsar TPP (2 x 125 MW) by another 250 MW for which a separate application has been made. The mine would partially meet the lignite requirement of the linked Barsingsar Extension Project for putting up an additional unit of 1x250 MW capacity and the balance met from the proposed Palana Lignite mine also allocated to the company. It was informed that of the total ML area of 1567 ha, 1561.20 ha is agricultural land (of which 59.92 ha is irrigated and 1501.58 ha is non-irrigated (rainfed) land, and 5.80 ha is Govt. land. No forestland and no grazing land are involved. There are no water bodies in the major part of the ML. No drainage in the core zone.  The crops cultivated in non-irrigated area include Bajra, Gwar, Moong, Moth, Gigly Arandi and in the irrigated area include wheat, gram, jeera, mustered, ground nut, isabgol, etc.

 

There are no ecologically sensitive areas such as WL Sanctuaries, etc in the 15km study area. Of the total ML area, 621 ha is quarry, 306 ha is for ext. OB dumps, 15 ha is for road and infrastructure (office and workshop), 75 ha is for colony and service area for outsourced personnel, 111 ha is green belt and vacant area, 40 ha is for approach roads, conveyor corridor and 436 ha is area for future mining. Mining would be opencast with shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate working depth is 125m. The total estimated OB generation from the project is 553.44 Mm3 of which 130 Mm3 would be stored in an external OB dump of an area of 306 ha and of a max. height of 60m.  Life of the mine is 25 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 339.09 crores. Cost for EMP is Rs 26.03 crores and cost of CSR is Rs 136 lakhs (capital) and Rs 125 lakhs (recurring). There are no streams, lake, reservoirs, dams, water curses and other surface water bodies found in the core zone. There is no modification of natural drainage involved. The total estimated water requirement is 1901 m3/d (674 m3/day for washing and servicing equipment, 190 m3 /day for Dust suppression, 95m3/day is for fire services and 942m3/day is for domestic purposes). The water requirement of Hadla mine and for the linked Barsingsar Power Station Extension TPP would be met from Indra Gandhi Nagar Pariyojna (IGNP) which is at the distance of about 60 km from the power plant. R&R involves 209 PAFs (PAPS 1826) of villages Hadla Bhatiyan, Hadla Rawaltan and Mokha Charnan, of which 766 PAPs from 88 families would be displaced. It was clarified that an integrated colony for Barsingsar and Hadla mines may not be feasible. Lignite transportation from mine to power plant would be by closed conveyors. It was informed that one Public Hearing was held on 27.01.2011, which was disrupted and a second P.H. was held on 04.05.2011. It was informed that as per the Ground Water Resource Estimation Committee report of State Ground Water Department Govt.of Rajasthan, the proposed Hadla Mine is located in an overexploited ground water potential zone. Long-term trend of water level indicates significant decline. The depth of water level in the area is 130 m bgl - 120 m bgl. It was stated that the water level is found to be 10 to 15 m below the floor of lignite seam and intersection of groundwater is not likely. No brackish water has been encountered in mine area and the TDS levels in the natural aquifers is in the range of 760-1700 mg/l, which is termed as ‘sweet water’.

 

It was informed that at the end of mine life, of the total quarry area of 621 ha, void of 120m in 117 ha would taper to void floor area of 14 ha only (pit bottom). The average depth of final mine would be 125 m. Of an estimated volume of 585.67 Mm3 of OB generated during the life of mine, 508.13Mm3 of OB would be backfilled by concurrent infilling in the decoaled area. It was informed that only during the initial years of mine operation, OB would be stored in the external dump. After 6th- year, lignite excavation as well as overburden removal and internal dumping of overburden in the decoaled area would be carried out concurrently. OB dumping would continue up to the 5th year and during 6th-10th year OB would be dumped both externally and internally. It was informed that the measures to be adopted by proponent are providing thick green belt, avenue plantation, plantation in undisturbed area, haul road dust suppression by water sprinkling etc.

 

The Committee observed that the original mining lease area have been reduced from 2001.61 ha to 1607 ha. The Committee accordingly sought the reasons therefore and the break-up of the original and revised in a tabular form for both land use and mining operations.

 

The Committee observed that the Mokha Open Jungle is found adjoining the Hadla Lignite Mine Project towards the south-west side. The Committee observed that a low lying area, which forms a part of SW boundary which holds the water body during monsoon season and where natural plantation have developed, should not be disturbed as it may support grassland for the local communities during monsoon season.  The Committee also observed that there is open scrub area and desired that it should not be disturbed. The extent area to be left should be provided. The Committee desired that proponent should confirm whether the area under scrub and water bodies is mineralised or if not, the extent of area that could be deleted should be provided. The Committee desired that the proponent examine backfilling the internal dump to about 30m and for reducing the height of the external dump from 60m by re-handling the OB and to reduce the depth of the final void from 130m to a depth of 30-40m. The Committee observed that the mitigative measures suggested are too general and desired that the proponent should implement project specific plan for mitigation of air pollution due to mine operations and details thereof furnished. The Committee sought details of complete met. data with details of AAQ (one season) for Oct-Dec. The Committee desired that plantation/green belt should be fully developed within three years and sought details of the areas within the mine where work can be started during each of the three years. The Committee observed that as the depth of the confined aquifer is about 120m and there is a possibility of intersecting it, the Committee sought a detailed Hydrogeology study on the impacts of mining on the groundwater regime in the study area and the report furnished to the Ministry. The Committee noted that a daily requirement of 95m3/d of water for fire services has been shown, which may be deleted and a large amount of 942 m3/d for the requirement of the colony, which appeared to be high and may be reworked as per actual requirement and extent of water which could be recycled and reused. The Committee desired that drinking water may be provided for the adjoining villages under CSR and the proponent consider integrating the Hadla and Barsingsar Colony with a view to conserving the water requirement for the project.

 

The Committee desired that An Action Plan is required for time schedule implementation of resettlement of 209 PAFs. The Committee desired that the local people should be provided training for development of various skills and employment should be provided on priority basis in the company. The Committee desired that the water body to be left at the post mining stage should be monitored for TDS and treated for irrigation and other purposes under CSR. The Committee agreed that the proponent has earmarked Rs 136 lakhs (capital) and Rs 125 lakhs (recurring) for activities under CSR.

 

The Committee observed that a Reserve wetland is found about 20km (outside the study area of 15 km) from the mine where a number of bird species listed in CITES visit. The Committee suggested that a Plan for conservation of Sch. I birds and animals, which visit the mine area should be prepared in consultation with ZSI and BSI or any other reputed institutions and implemented.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project after receipt of the issues sought by the Committee.                                            

 

2.       Mata-Na-Madh Lignite Mine Project (expansion from 2.4 MTPA to 4.8 MTPA in an ML area of 1752.6156 ha) of M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corp. Ltd located in village Mat-na-Madh, Taluk Lakhpat, dist. Kutchh, Gujarat (TOR)

 

The proposal is for expansion in production capacity from 2.4 to 4.8 MTPA without expansion in ML area of 1752.6156 ha. Of the total 1752.6156 ML area, 437.8973 ha is agricultural land and 1314.7183 ha Govt. land. No forestland is involved. No additional acquisition of land is involved. Of the total 1752.6156 ha ML area, 279ha is quarry area, 157 ha is for ext. OB dumps, 19.2 for infrastructure and roads, 7.1 ha is for protective bunds, 100.12 ha is for plantation over virgin area, 3.60 ha is for green belt, 30 ha is for topsoil dump, 10 ha is for settling tank, (606.28 ha) and the balance 1146.3356 ha is undisturbed area. Mining would be opencast and mechanised. The depth of mining has been increased from 75m to 99m as one more seam has been found. The mine would be operated as two quarries. The total OB generation would be 315.16 Mm3. The balance life of the mine has been reduced from 13 years to 5 years by outsourcing. The total water requirement of the project has increased from342 m3/d to 956 m3/d. Capital cost of the project is Rs 240 crores which includes Rs 150 crores for machinery and for final mine closure. The project does not involve R&R. It was stated that Narayan Sarovar WL Sanctuary is situated 3.78km from the mine along the N-W direction. A number of RFs such as Aregugaria RF (0.3km), RF near Ashaldi village (2.9 km, N-W), Samijirao RF (5.8km ,W) and a RF near Dolatpur village (8.0 km NW) are found within the 10km study area. Lignite and OB transportation would be by 40-T and 18-T dumpers respectively. The lignite produced would be used by a number of cement units in Saurashtra. An additional manpower of 433 persons are required to the present 547 persons for the expansion project. It was clarified that no seawater ingression is likely as the coastline is more than 50m away.

 

It was informed that the 3 external dumps of a total dump area of 157 ha, 2 dumps in 54.47 ha area would be re-handled and reclaimed with plantation at the post mine closure stage and the total area under plantation would be 211.47 ha.

 

The Committee noted that the project has obtained EC twice - in 1999 for 0.6 MTPA and on 31.08.2010 for expansion from 0.6 MTPA to 2.4 MTPA in an area of 1752.6156 ha. The Committee noted that the present proposal is for doubling its capacity from 2.4 MTPA to 4.8 MTPA within a year of obtaining EC and observed that the proponent should have obtained an environmental clearance for expansion capacity of 4.8 MTPA in 2010 itself as the requirement of additional lignite was foreseeable even as of 2010. The Committee sought a detailed compliance status of the earlier ECs and P.Hs conducted for the project. The Committee also recalled that certain EC conditions such as taking prior approval of Standing Committee on Wildlife prior to mining operations and on implementation of a WL Conservation Plan were stipulated in view that the project is located near the NS WL Sanctuary and sought details of compliance thereof. The Committee desired that native species should be planted on the reclaimed areas. The Committee desired that photographs of compliance of EC conditions should also be presented. The Committee noted that the proponent has made an application through DFO, Kutch vide letter no GMDC/ENV/MNM/615/2010-11 and the State Board on Wildlife has recommended the capacity expansion and the proposal is presently at the Centre.  

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project after receipt of the issues sought by the Committee.         

 

 

3.       TOR Application on Fatehpur East Coal Block of M/s Fatehpur East Coal Pvt. Ltd., dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Consideration of issues raised in MOEF letter dated 31.11.2011)

 

Director (MOEF) informed the Committee that Fatehpur East Coal Mine Project of M/s Fatehpur East Coal Pvt. has been considered by the EAC (T&C) 5 times as given below:

 

1st EAC Meeting

EAC meeting on 21.12.2010 for their original application of 9.5 MTPA with a peak capacity of 10 MTPA) in an ML area of 1664.563 ha, wherein some clarifications were sought on the issue of Go/No-Go area.

 

2nd EAC Meeting

EAC meeting in March 2011 to consider the clarifications wherein the proponent informed that based on actual survey, the ML area has increased from 1664.563 ha to 1728 ha with a capacity of 10 MTPA,

 

3rd EAC Meeting

EAC meeting in April 2011 when the EAC recommended TOR for 10 MTPA for an ML area of 1728 ha, however an application for this revised ML area was still awaited and hence no TOR was prescribed.

May 2011

Instead of submitting an application for the recommended project of 10 MTPA for the revised ML area of 1728, M/s Fatehpur East submitted

an application for 14 MTPA in an ML area of 1728 ha.

 

June 2011

M/s Fatehpur East sent two letters dated 03.06.2011 and 10.06.2011 to MOEF, wherein it was informed that one of original allottees of the Fatehpur Coal Block, namely M/s Green Infrastructure had changed its name to M/s Athena Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. A clarification of change of name was sought in June 2011 from the Ministry of coal for which a response was received from MOC dated 16.08.2011 stating that the change in name of original allocatees was in order.

 

4th EAC Meeting

Held on 29th -30th August 2011 for internal consideration of the revised application for a revised capacity of 14 MTPA in a revised ML area of 1728 ha and the documents furnished by M/s Fatehpur East for change of name of one of its allotteees, based on the response of MOC. The EAC decided that the matter must be discussed with the company for the rationale for suddenly increasing the capacity from 10 MTPA to 14 MTPA (40% increase). The change of name issue would also be discussed.

 

5th EAC Meeting

Held on 26th-27th September 2011, wherein the company again revised the capacity from 14 MTPA to 10 MTPA during presentation as, according to M/s Fatehpur East, the Mining Plan under preparation has recommended 10 MTPA due to non-availability of land for external dumping of OB. Issues such as whether the linkage remains the same as per the MOC Allocation Letter due to change of name of the original allottee were also not clear.

 

 

Director, MOEF informed the Committee that the proponent has again filed a fresh application for TOR for a capacity of 10 MTPA for a total project area of 1913.208 ha (which includes the revised ML area of 1728 ha), vide letter No. nil dated 27.10.2011.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that MOC vide letter dated 6.11.2007 allocated the block to 5 companies; M/s JLD Yavatmal Energy Ltd (22.03%), M/s Vandana Vidhyut ltd. (11.9%) , M/s R.K.M Powergen Pvt Ltd.(22.03%), M/s Green Infrastructure Pvt Ltd. which was subsequently changed vide letter no 38011/1/2007 CA-I  dated 6.01.2008 to 5 parties - M/s Visa Power Ltd. (23.03%), M/s JLD Yavatmal Energy Ltd (22.03%), M/s Vandana Vidhyut Ltd. (11.9%), M/s R.K.M Powergen Pvt Ltd. (22.03%), M/s Athena Infra Project Pvt. Ltd. (22.03%) for captive consumption of the respective end use power plants giving three option by which the block can be mined by three joint allocattees. The proponent opted for the option–I wherein there would be equity stake and management participation from all consortium partners. The production from the mine could be distributed among the consortium partner in proportion to their assessed requirement at the time of allocation, net of linkage, if any. The proponent by opting option -1 entered into JV agreement on 29.11.2007. MOC accepted the JV agreement and confirmed it vide letter dated 22.1.2008. The JV company Fatehpur East Coal Pvt. Ltd. was incorporated by Registration of Company (ROC) on 21.04.2008. Coal mined out by FECPL and shared proportionately by all the constituents of JV company, as defined in MOC allotment letter.

 

The proponent informed that M/s Green infrastructure Pvt Ltd changed its name to Athena Infraproject Pvt. Ltd. ROC changed the name on 30.06.2008 and since then M/s Green infrastructure Pvt Ltd. has ceased to exist. MOC accepted the change vide letter dated 17.12.2009. Athena Chhattisgarh Power Limited (end user of coal) is a SPV promoted by M/s Green Infrastructure Pvt. Ltd. (GIPL) for implantation of TPP in Chhattisgarh. It was further informed that MoEF has accorded EC in 2010 to M/s Athena Chhattisgarh Power Limited. MOA had been executed between GIPL and ACPPL (end user of coal) on 1.5.2008, which was amended on 25.4.2009 to include the change in name of GIPL to Athena Infraproject Pvt Ltd.

 

It was clarified that the requirement for revision in project area to 1913.208 ha (for acquisition of land out side the lease area 155 ha is for Ext OB dump and 30 ha is for haul road) was explained in detail in the EAC meeting held on 26th -27th September 2011. The break-up of the revised ML area is 355.83 ha is agricultural land, 4.361 ha is for roads, 15.891 ha is water body, 201.236 ha is barren land, 673.772 ha is Protected Forest, 477.18 ha is Revenue Forest. Land out side the ML consists of 23.628 ha of agricultural land, 161.372 ha of barren land.

 

The Committee desired that the additional area outside the Ml being acquired for storing OB should be in non-coal bearing area and a certificate in this regard required from the CMPDI. The Committee after discussions recommended TOR to the project for a rated capacity of 10 MTPA in a total project area of 1913.208 ha (which includes the revised ML area of 1728 ha), with specific conditions given in this and in earlier meetings read with generic TOR given in Annexure-4 and general conditions given in Annexure-7.

 

 

4.        Talaipalli Coalmine (OC at 18 MTPA capacity and UG at 0.72 MTPA capacity of a total project area of 2349.35 ha) of M/s NTPC located in Tehsil Gharghoda, district Raigarh, Chhattisgrah (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 29.11.2009)

 

The proposal was last considered in the EAC (T&C) meeting held on 17th and 18th October 2011. The clarifications sought were further considered.

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was stated that proposal for diversion of Kurra nala was based on detailed Area Drainage Study submitted to the Flood & Irrigation Dept., Govt. of Chhattisgarh on 02.12.2011. As desired by the Committee, it was planned to undertake stabilisation of the embankment with native species and strengthen it with stone pitching on embankment towards forest area. The proponent agreed to develop thick plantation along the embankment. It was informed that the calendar plan for the last 10 years of mine operation rework has been reworked and for rehandling of OB so that the final water body of 405 m depth in an area of 230 ha is reduced. It was informed that the external OB dump would be graded in two distinct types – (i) Ext. OB dump of an area of 750ha would be graded from a max. height of 405m to 60m, which would be in continuity with the natural undulating environment and natural forest found in that side and (ii) i) external OB dump of an area of 850 ha would be graded from 30m to ground level.

 

The total amount of OB to be rehandled to fill the void upto a depth of 60m would be 470Mm3. The total backfilled area at the end of mine would be 300m to 330m from floor of seam III and the final void depth would be 60m. It was informed that at the end of mining, there would be no external dump. The life of the project due to post mining restoration and completion of final mine closure plan is in 10 years and thus the life of the project is 52 + 10 years for mine closure. It was informed that FC proposal for diversion of 700 ha of forestland is pending with State Govt.

 

It was informed that a scheme for water supply to villages in the impact zone would be taken up in consultation with State Government and VDAC. Monitoring of the level and quality of groundwater would be carried out by installation of peizometers in the the impact zone. Proponent informed that the coal from the block to the linked Lara STPP, which is 70 Km away by overhead multiple tubed conveyors covering such a long distance is not techno-economically feasible. The proponent assured that adequate number of over/under passes would be constructed along the MGR route, which are visited/reported/inhabited by elephants in the area in consultation with PCCF (WL), and at least 5 under/over passes shall be created particularly along the 7km stretch of the 70km MGR route, which forms a part of the elephant migratory corridor. In the rest of the route wherever required, similar under/overpasses shall be created. A detailed study has been initiated. The Committee was informed that an Environment Cell/Panel of experts consisting of WL expert, ecologist, sociologist and hydrology and hydrogeology would be created for the implementation and monitoring of the implementation of EMP. The proponent informed that native species representing the pre-mining ecosystem would used in eco-restoration. Socio-economic development of the tribals in the area would be undertaken as part of R&R and CSR Plan prepared by NTPC and would be dovetailed with the Tribal Welfare Plan prepared by State Govt. It was informed that skill development would be an integral part of R&R and CSR plans finalised for the project. It was confirmed that a colony for company workers and outsourced persons would be provided with all facilities. It was stated that annuities for vulnerable person would be provided under R&R.

 

The Committee desired that the 70 km stretch should be considered as elephant passage and safe passageways created after proper study.  The Committee also desired that the drivers of MGR should be trained for use of siren, horn, fire crackers, etc to move animals from railway tracks. The Committee requested the proponent to obtain inputs from Dr Raman Sukumar, Professor and Chairman, Centre for Ecological Sciences, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, in this regard. The Committee desired that a nursery of native species should be developed for reclamation and for habitat/eco-restoration.

 

The committee after discussions recommended the proposal for environmental clearance subject to MOEF circular dated 09.09.2011.

 

 

5.        Coal Washery Project (1 MTPA) of M/s Jaiprakash Associates Ltd. located in Tehsil Rampur Baghelan, dist. Satna, M.P. (EC based on TOR granted 28.10.2010)

 

The proponent did not appear before the EAC for the presentation in the meeting. Director, MOEF informed the Committee that due to land acquisition problems, the proponent intends to drop the proposal and relocate the washery elsewhere for which an application would be submitted in due course.

6.        Samleshwari OCP Expn. (5 MTPA to 11 MTPA and expansion in ML area from 826.76 ha to 928.264 ha) of M/s MCL, located in Ib Valley Coalfields, dist. Jharsuguda, Orissa (Further consideration of EC based on TOR)

 

The proposal was considered earlier in EAC (T&C) meeting held on 20th & 21st June 2011. The proposal was further considered on the clarifications furnished thereon.

 

The proponent made the presentation. It was informed that the additional land requirement for the 11 MTPA expansion project is 99.50 ha of which 21.866 ha is forest Land. The application for FC has been submitted to CCF (nodal) vide letter no. MCL/GM/IBV/SUR/Forest Land/SOCP/1024 dated 26.08.2010 and is pending with the State Govt. The demarcation of Mining area and pillar posting has been completed, Compensatory Afforestation Plan has been prepared and is under submission, tree enumeration has been completed, Gram Sabha resolution completed and NOC has been issued on 26.07.2011 by the Collector. The proposal is pending for want of Digitised Maps authenticated by ORSAC and DFO. The proponent clarified that as far as the existing ML area of 826.76 ha is concerned (which has already expanded from 5 MTPA to 11 MTPA), forestry clearance has been already obtained on 17.02.2009 for the 313.052 ha of forestland found within the ML area vide MOEF letter No. 8-147/89-FC dated 09.08.2001.

 

The Committee suggested that EC could be obtained in two phases – Phase-I for 11 MTPA in the existing ML of 826.76 ha which has balance reserves of 18-20 MT with a balance life of 12-18 months and for which FC has been already obtained for the 313.052 ha of forestland within the ML area of 826.76 ha and Ph.-II for 11 MTPA in 928.264 ha expansion project for which FC is awaited for the 21.866 ha of the additional land of 99.50 ha involved, for which the proposal could be granted an EC subject to MOEF Circular dated 09.09.2011. This was agreed to by the proponent and a letter to this effect was handed over. The Committee desired that third party evaluation of impact of mining on health of workers should be got carried and medical record of employees should be maintained and placed on company website.

 

The committee after discussions recommended the proposal for enviroental clearance in two phases – Phase-I for 11 MTPA in the existing ML of 82 ha for which FC has been already obtained for 313.052 ha of forestland within the ML area of 826.76 ha. In case of Ph.-II for 11 MTPA in 928.264 ha area (additional 99.50 ha expansion in ML area, of which 21.866 ha is forestland for which FC is awaited), the Committee recommended EC for which the proposal could be granted an EC subject to MOEF Circular dated 09.09.2011.

 

 

7.        Dumping of flyash of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd. into decoaled mine void of Jagannath OCP of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Angul, Orissa

 

The proposal is for dumping flyash generated from their 410 MW TPP of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd in the decoaled abandoned coal mine voids of Jagannath OCP of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. Both M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd and M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. made a joint presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for utilisation of fly ash generated from 410 MW TPP (2x150 + 1x33+ 1x77 MW) of M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd into abandoned coal mine void of Jagannath of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., in Talcher Coalfields, Dist. Angul, Orissa. The ash generation is about 3234T/month. The ash is proposed to be filled in quarry No IV of Jagannath OCP of MCL. It was informed that M/s Bhushan Steel Ltd. Has carried out physical analysis, chemical analysis and leaching studies, Hydrogeological studies of Jagannath OCP by using remote sensing and GIS techniques. M/s Bhushan Steel informed that the flyash is alkaline in nature and not acidic. It was informed that the Institute of Minerals and Materials Technology, Bhubaneswar also carried out leachability  analysis and submitted its report on 14.10.2011. It was informed that the ground water level varies from 3.89-8.56m bgl during pre-monsoon and 1.85 to 5.26m bgl post monsoon. The aquifers depth ranges from 100m to 120m bgl. It was informed that the levels of heavy/toxic metal content in the leachates of ash proposed to be dumped in quarry No. IV of Jagannath OCP of MCL, Talcher are well within limits of potable water standards. It was informed that the underneath geological strata is impervious due to alternate beds of sands and shale with intercalation of clay. It was informed that the reports of these detailed studies have been submitted to SPCB, Orissa.

 

The Committee was of the opinion that the proponent should not be allowed to dump fly ash in the decoaled void quarry IV of Jagannath OCP of MCL as there is a possibility of interference with permeability of ground water to aquifers. The Committee also stressed that the water recharging capacity in flyash dumping area would be reduced, which has serious implications, if a large number of mine voids in Talcher coalfields are used for flyash dumping. The Committee was also of the view that in case of leaching due to natural weathering phenomena, the heavy metals may bio-concentrate and bio-accumulate and absorbed by plants and enter the food chain. The Committee desired that long-term data on flyash data for dumping in mine voids should be collected and tracer study carried out with Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Mumbai. The Committee noted that the levels of Titanium Oxide in bottom flyash is 1.46 % which could be extracted as it is a valuable rare earth mineral. The Committee desired that the proponent should check the chemical toxicity of flyash before dumping it into mine void of MCL’s Jagannath mine quarry IV. It was noted that the Angul-Talcher falls under the critically polluted areas as per CEPI and an Environmental Action Plan has been prepared by SPCB and CPCB, and the Committee desired that some 3-4% of flyash generated from the region should be utilised in brick manufacturing and in other activities. Dr R.K. Garg, Advisor to Coal India informed that prior FC is required for fly ash dumping in forestland.

 

The Committee observed that the fine particles of ash may block confined aquifers and affect its permeability characteristics and desired that a detailed Hydrogeology studies with flyash characterisation such as its reactivity, movement should be carried out. The Committee desired that tracer study is required to understand the pathway of movement of flyash/leachates in the aquifers. The Committee desired that decanted water/excess water utilised for irrigation should conform to standards. In case, data extrapolated from the studies indicate no long-term effects, the voids should be lined with suitable material before dumping of flyash. The Committee also desired that third party evaluation should be carried out for monitoring the adverse effects of fly ash dumping on ground water, surface water, flora and fauna etc.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details. The Committee also decided that the Central Pollution Control Board may bring out a Technical Guidance Document/Manual for various uses of flyash and disposal by dumping in coalmine voids. The Manual may address the environmental issues, the environmental issues that would require to be addressed and a environmental management plan which includes the technologies and methodologies for the environmental assessment – short-term and long-term   use off flyash for dumping in decoaled voids and for other uses vis-à-vis MOEF Notification on Flyash.

 

 

8.        Dumping of flyash of M/s NTPC into the decoaled voids of South Balanda Coalmine  of M/s M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Angul, Orissa

 

Both M/s NTPC and M/s MCL made a joint presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for utilisation of flyash generated from M/s NTPC’s Talcher Thermal Power Station 460 MW (14x60+2x10) and its proposed expansion to 2x660 MW, located in Talcher Dist Angul in Western part of Talcher Coalfields in Brahmi valley to the North of Mahanadi River. Wet slurry of Talcher TPS into abandoned coal mine void of South Balanda Coal mine (10.1 MTPA) of M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd. Talcher Coalfields, Dist. Angul, Orissa.

 

 It was informed that there are 10 Reserve Forest in the area. The river Brahmani is at the distance of 2.1 km towards west side. River Nandir Jhor is adjacent to the southern side of the existing plant boundary. Brahmani River on the eastern side of the coalfields and controls the drainage of the area. There is one seasonal nala namely Bangaru jhor flowing in north –western side of the block and draining into Brahmani river north of Talcher town. Depth of water table ranges from <2m to 15m.The average depth to water in pre-monsoon period is from 4m -6m bgl in western part and 8m to 12m bgl in eastern part. Ground water table ranges from 75-13msl (pre-monsoon) and 85-135m above msl (post monsoon).

 

Flyash from the TTPS is being presently filled into Quarry Nos 2,3A & 3B of South Balonda Open Cast mine of MCL. M/s NTPC informed that it has carried out hydrogeological studies in 2003, which also includes ash characterisation, baseline data generation and feasibility study for disposal of Ash in South Balanda in 2004. After the start of dumping of flyash, environmental monitoring for soil, surface water quality and ground water quality was carried out by NTPC.

 

M/s MCL informed that the South Balanda Coal mine was started in 1959 in an area of 315 ha with 1 MTPA capacity. The production started in 1961 and closed in 2005. The void is 90.4 Mm3. M/s NTPC had obtained the permission from OSPCB and MCL entered into an MOU with NTPC for filling of the mine void with ash from Talcher TPS. It was informed that there are  three quarries, Quarry-1 with 6.99Mm3 void, Quarry -2 with 7.74 Mm3 void and Quarry-3 with 3.97 Mm3 void (total mine void is 18.70 Mm3), of which the mine void available for ash filling is 14.73 Mm3. Life of void for ash filling would be 15 years. The dumping would be by use of slurry discharge pipes and the flyash would settle into the bottom. It was noted that the tests carried out indicate that heavy metals such as mercury, chromium, lead, Arsenic, Iron are within prescribed limits.

 

The Committee observed that the fine particles of ash may block confined aquifers and affect its permeability characteristics and desired that a detailed Hydrogeology studies with flyash characterisation such as its reactivity, movement should be carried out. The Committee desired that tracer study is required to understand the pathway of movement of flyash/leachates in the aquifers. The Committee desired that decanted water/excess water utilised for irrigation should conform to standards. In case, data extrapolated from the studies indicate no long-term effects, the voids should be lined with suitable material before dumping of flyash. The Committee also desired that third party evaluation should be carried out for monitoring the adverse effects of fly ash dumping on ground water, surface water, flora and fauna etc.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details. The Committee also decided that the Central Pollution Control Board may bring out a Technical Guidance Document/Manual for various uses of flyash and disposal by dumping in coalmine voids. The Manual may address the environmental issues, the environmental issues that would require to be addressed and a environmental management plan which includes the technologies and methodologies for the environmental assessment – short-term and long-term   use off flyash for dumping in decoaled voids and for other uses and for other uses vis-à-vis MOEF  Notification on Flyash.

 

 

9.        Gose OCP (2 MTPA with a peak capacity of 2.3 MTPA in an ML area of 442.52 ha) of M/s Central Coalfields Ltd., located in dist. Hazaribagh, Jharkhand (Further consideration of TOR)

 

The proposal was earlier considered in EAC meeting held on 20th and 21st June 2011 and response to clarifications sought by the EAC was further considered.

 

The proponent made the presentation. It was informed that the sequencing of mining operation in both the quarries has been adopted due to non-availability of sufficient dumping space for external dump in and around project the project, no internal dumping during mining operation due to reasons of slope stability. The Committee was informed that for reducing the external dump height from 90m by 30m at the final stage, it is proposed to reduce and Dump–B and merge it with Dump–C to a maximum height of 60m. Further, at the end of the mine life, the decoaled void of quarry–II would be backfilled by rehandling 5.64Mm3 OB of Dump–A so the number of external OB dump would be reduced. Thus, there would be only two dumps in the Final Stage Dump Plan; Dump-1 with dump capacity of 113.42 Mm3 with height of 60m above ground level in an area of 133.64 ha and Dump-2 with a capacity of 103.88 Mm3 with a max. height of 20m above ground level in an area of 108.31 ha and there would be no void at the post mining stage. In regard to coal evacuation system, it was informed that in the revised proposal, it is planned for dispatch of coal (-200mm) from CHP by belt conveyor to Kedla washery and the total length of belt conveyor would be 5.8 km and thereafter, further transportation of washed coal would be by rail.

 

The Committee desired that a one season data for AAQ-Met (for the same season) should be generated as per the new NAQQM Notification and Met stations established using the wind rose and predominant wind direction. The Committee desired that the number of external OB dumps should be reduced from 3 to 2 and reducing the overall height by rehandling the final bench into the decoaled void so that at the end of mine life, no void should be left. The Committee desired that an integrated coal evacuation system is required as neighbouring group of mines can be integrated by providing closed conveyor system to Kedla washery/railway siding and a railway line should be established for transportation of washed coal. The Committee desired that one season data should be collected as per the new Notification. The Committee recommended TOR with the aforesaid specific conditions and that submitted by the proponent read with generic TOR given in Annexure-4 and General Conditions given in Annexure-7.

 

 

10.      Dakra OCP (0.55 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.63 MTPA in an ML area of 249.72 ha) of M/s CCL, dist. Ranchi, Jharkhand (EC based on TOR granted on 18.03.2009)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the Dakra OCP is an old pre-nationalisation mine started in 1924 and operating on the basis of consent to operate.  The present proposal is for lease renewal, there is no increase in production nor an increase in leasehold area. Production would be at 0.55 MTPA with a peak capacity of 0.63 MTPA. Mining technology would also be same. It was informed that of the total 249.72 ha ML area, 95.59 ha is under plantation, 52.45 ha is wasteland, 5.85 ha is surface water bodies,95.83 ha is others. No forestland is involved. The break-up of mine operations of the total ML area of 249.72 ha, consists of 130.41 ha for quarry, 43.32 ha is  mine void, 3 ha is for roads, 5 ha is for infrastructure, 3.16 ha is for embankment, and 64.83 ha is for vacant land and safety zone. The present working in Dakra OCP is being done in western most part of the lease hold area. The main drainage of the area is Dainkita nala having two major tributaries (nala) - Sonadoba nala flowing westerly and Dhupgarha nala flowing easterly of the project which ultimately join River Damodar. Mining would be by shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate working depth is 177m. Grade of coal is E. A provision of Rs 5/T of coal for CSR has been made. The total water requirement is 780 m3/d (280m3/day for mine operation, and 500 m3/day is for domestic use). The water table is 7.54m to 9.10 m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 2.05 to 4.55 m bgl (post-monsoon). It was informed that the height of internal OB dump is being reduced from 73m above ground level to 43m above ground level, by re-handling of 19 Mm3 of OB and at the final stage and reducing the max. height of the ext. OB dump to 40m. In post mining stage, the entire quarry area of 130.41 ha would be backfilled upto ground level. There would be a void of 43.32 ha of 6m depth and of which, the top 20m would be left vacant and sloped. A total of 198.40 ha would be reclaimed with plantation. It was informed that R&R involves 52 PAF’s of which 13 families have been relocated at the R&R site near Burhi MAA Mandir, Churi and the remaining 39 families have opted for cash compensation. Coal evacuation from Dakra OCP to Dakra Railway siding located within the lease hold area of the project. Public Hearing was held on 22.01.2010. Life of the mine is 26 years.

                        

The Committee noted that the application for EC has been received two years after the conduct of P.H. The Committee recommended environmental clearance to the project.

 

 

11.      Specific condition in EC granted on 18.03.2009 to Coal Washery of M/s Maheshwari Coal Beneficiation Pvt. Ltd. on coal transportation by rail mode only

 

The proponent informed that a modification was given to the environmental clearance granted to the Coal Washery of M/s Maheshwari Coal Beneficiation on 18th March 2009 with regard to implementation of a Plan for transportation of raw coal/washed coal by rail mode only and transported from the private railway siding being established at a distance of 500m to the plant site by closed conveyors only. The aforesaid condition has not been complied with so far and as a result, the company is unable to supply coal to its consumers. It was informed that there are only three railway line in the Korba area and used by SECL and NTPC. The proponent is unable to dispatch washed coal by rail as there is insufficient number of rakes at railway sidings available and the proponent is not getting rakes from railway authorities for transportation of raw coal. The available railway siding is also overcrowded/overloaded. It was informed that their own railway siding would be available within 2 years as the matter is pending in Railway Ministry. It was informed that transport of coal by rial is more suitable to the company and once the railway siding is operational; the entire raw and washed coal would be transported by rail mode only. The proponent requested the Committee that until the railway siding is operational, transportation of raw coal should be allowed by road till their railway siding would come up within two years.

 

The Committee observed that Korba is a critically polluted area due to operation of a large number of high capacity mines. If all the washeries operating in and around the SECL mines were to obtain raw coal from these mines by road, it would further worsen the air quality of the region. The matter of transport of coal by rail mode and introduction of mechanisation in coal transportation and loading is a matter of priority. The Committee stated that as an interim measure, until the entire laying of the railway siding and associated infrastructure is completed, road transportation could be permitted. The Committee after discussions extended the period of construction and operationalising the railway siding for transport of raw coal by rail mode by 2 years.

 

12.      Captive Coal Washery of M/s R.P. Associates Pvt. Ltd., located in vill. Ambher, Dist. Kamrup, Assam (TOR)

 

The proponent did not appear before the EAC for the presentation and therefore, the proposal was not considered.

 

 

13.      Tara Coalmine Project (6 MTPA in 2778.19 ha) of M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp. Ltd., located in Hasdeo Arand Coalfields, dist. Sarguja,       Chhhattisgarh (Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on           13.03.2007)

 

The proposal was earlier considered in EAC on 19th July 2011 for revised ML area of 1801.31 ha.  The proposal was further considered on the issues raised/clarifications sought by the EAC.

 

The proponent made presentation. It was informed that a study was got carried by Dept of Mining Engineering IIT-BHU, Varanasi, to explore options for a combination of OC and UG mining in the forest area wherein the proponent could consider leaving the areas with outcropped seams altogether from mining. It was informed that the area of geological block is 2400 ha with 317.32 MT total geological reserves. An area of 1476 ha within the ML with geological reserves along with outcrop of 185.47 MT. Of the total ML, the mining area would be 1094 ha with total coal reserve 128.5MT, out crop area is 382 ha with 57MT reserves. The main surface features of the mineralised area are forestland, villages, surface water bodies such as ponds and nallas, roads, etc. It was informed that three options were examined - underground mining only, underground-cum-opencast mining and only opencast mining. In case of underground mining, there are three workable seam V, IV and III. The maximum depth of mining would be 140m. It was informed that underground mining would not be feasible in the geological seams of the coal deposits found in the coal block. Besides, due to caving (as sand is not available), subsidence would affect the surface structures such as overlying forests, villages, surface water bodies, roads, etc. Besides, wide cracks from 200m to 500mm would be developed due to extraction of panels in the area and also lead to large scale damage of forest cover and possibility of incidences of fire and explosion may occur. The total production by undermining by Bord and Pillar method using 6 continuous miners would be 0.6 MTA per machine, leaving large reserves of coal unextracted. In OC-cum-UG mining, of the total mineralised area, OC area would be 612 ha with mineable coal reserves of 62MT and underground area would be 455 ha with mineable coal reserves of 31 MT. It was informed that 35.5MT coal can not be extracted from the mining area excluding outcrop area as Tara Coal Block is not suitable for underground mining. In opencast mining option, out of 317.33MT total geological reserves, 166.92 MT would be extractable reserves. Life of the mine would be 30 years at a rated capacity of 6.0 MTPA. The proponent informed that thus, the study got carried by BHU has concluded that even if underground mining or UG-cum-OC mining is undertaken as options, the impacts on surface features would still be detrimental to the natural topography and to the population within the leasehold. The proponent requested the Committee to therefore consider opencast mining in the Tara Block.

 

It was informed that River Atem flows at the distance of 6-7 km away from Tara Block. It is a tributary of River Gage, which in turn is a tributary of River Hasdeo. ML area is drained by number of small streams which join Garjan nala in the north and another nala in south –eastern part of the block. These two nalas do not flow through the block. It was stated that FC has been granted vide MOEF vide letter no. 8-38/2009-FC dated 05.07.2011 for opencast mining under section -2 (ii) of Forest Conservation Act, 1980 and changes have been done to reduce the impact of mining on forests. It was informed that about 117643 of trees of 60 cms girth would be felled (3921trees/Annum). It was informed that about 70112 of plants below 60m girth would be transplanted in the safety zone/nearby degraded forest area. Proponent has contacted Director, Wll, Dehradun for preparation of integrated Site specific Wildlife Management Plan. Rs 12.26 crores allocated upto 10 years for ‘Tara Wild Life Habitat & Conservation Plan’ has been prepared and submitted, which includes identification of bear habitat, and denning sites in buffer zone around Ramgarh Basin, preservation of denning sites in natural habitat, plantation of tree species such as Mahua, Tendu, Pipal, Sloth bear census to be carried out, Census and monitoring of Panther population, awareness and education among local people, etc.

 

The Committee desired that as the life of mine is 25 years, sequencing of OB dumping (external and internal) should be done properly. The Committee reiterated that transplantation of Sal trees has not been successful anywhere. The Committee desired that proper records of survival and growth of the 70112 of plants (species-wise), les than 60m girth being transplanted in the safety zone/nearby degraded forest, should be maintained and furnished as part of the Compliance Report on Mine Reclamation. The Committee noted that Cacti are not suitable species for habitat restoration, in view that cacti are not native to ‘Sal’ Forest Ecosystem and recommended that it should not be used in reclamation and habitat restoration. The Committee desired that the internal OB dump at the final stage should be reduced and brought to ground level. The project proponents along with experts/ representatives of the State Govt, may wish to consult Prof C R Babu, Member EAC (T&C) for proper selection of species.

 

The Committee after discussions recommended the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

14.      Proposed Bhivkund Opencast Coalmine Project (2.27 MTPA in an ML area of 1436.20 ha)-cum- coal washey (2.27 MTPA) of M/s MAHAGENCO located in Wardha Valley Coalfields, dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. The proposal is for opening a new Bhivkund Opencast Coalmine project of 2.27MTPA production capacity captive to MAHAGENCO TPP and a coal washery of 2.27 MTPA within the lease hold of Bhivkund Coal mine. It was informed that Bhivkund Coal Block has been allotted to M/s MAHAGENCO and the coal is to be used in M/s Aurangabad Power Company Limited vide MoC letter no 13016/19/2007/CA dated 17th July 2008. MAHAGENCO is the major power producer in Maharashtra State. The block is located in the Wardha Valley Coalfields, Tehsil Ballarpur district Chandrapur Maharashtra and is located near Ballarpur, which forms a part of CPA Chandrapur and at  distance of 5.3 km from Chandrapur. The total ML area is 1436.20 ha, of which 71.35 ha is Govt. land and 1364.85 ha is agricultural land (70% of which is irrigated). No forestland is involved. There are no ecologically sensitive areas such as WL Sanctuaries, National Parks found in the 15km buffer zone. The Tadoba-Andheri Tiger Reserve (TATR) is at a distance of about 21 km from the mine. Of the total ML area of 1436.20 ha, 781 ha is quarry area, 120 ha is for external OB dumps, 60.5 ha is for infrastructure including workshop, office, CHP, railway corridor, 399.70 ha is for rationalisation of mine boundary and 35 ha is for a Coal washery of 2.27 MTPA capacity. Mining would be opencast by mechanised method using shovel-dumper combination. Grade of coal is B-G. The external OB dump would be of a max. height of 90m of 3 benches of 30m each. Life of the opencast project is 44 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 700 crores. The mine is drained by River Wardha flowing at a distance of about 0.5 km towards east and River Erai is at a distance of 0.5 km towards the west. CSR would be implemented with a one-time capital expenditure of Rs crores. The total estimated water requirement is 500m3/d; groundwater would be used in the initial few years until mine intersects water table. Coal transportation to railway siding would be by trucks covering a distance of about 43km.

 

It was informed that the linked coal washery is also to be established within the ML is for a proposed capacity of 2.27 MTPA in a land area of 35ha. The washery would operate on wet process. The yield of clean coal would be 1.7 MTPA (with 32% ash content) and about 0.57 MTPA of coal rejects with an ash content of 60% would be produced, which would be utilised for power generation in an FBC based boiler. Rejects would be dispatched though a conveyor. The make-up water for the washery is 500 m3/d, which would be sourced from mine water. Capital cost of the washery is Rs 45 crores. Transport of raw coal to the washery would be by belt conveyors and only in case of emergency, raw coal would be transported by high-capacity trucks. The railway siding would be adjacent to the Central Railway mainline.

 

Representative, Maharashtra SPCB stated that the moratorium has not been lifted but under discussion with CPCB. CEPI Action Plan has been prepared but not appeoved by CPCB so far. The Committee desired that since an Environmental Action Plan for Chandrapur CEPI area   has been prepared by MSPCB and is available on its website; the proponent should incorporate and implement the recommendations outlined in the Environmental Action Plan for mitigating the pollution load due to the proposed min-cum-washery operations. The proposal for EC will be considered only after the Chandrapur Environmental Action Plan has been finalised and a mitigative plan from the EAP is incorporated. The representative, NTCA informed that the proposed mine is, as per letter dated 27.12.2010 WII, Dehradun, at a distance of 21 km south of Tadoba Andheri Tiger Reserve (TATR). The letter further states that the proposed project also forms part of the corridor/connectivity area between Chaprala Wildlife Sanctuary, Maharashtra and Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh (which has been upgraded into a Tiger Reserve). In view of this, a “Cumulative Environment Impact Assessment (CEIA) study should be done through competent agency of all existing and proposed mining project in the tiger bearing landscape and outcome of this CEIA should form a part of the EIA-EMP Study. The Committee accepted the suggestion of WII and suggested that reputed agencies such as IIT, Bombay could be involved. The Committee also desired that the impact of mining activities on River Wardha, flowing at a distance of 500m, should be assessed. The Committee desired that the coal should be transported by conveyor-cum-rail, in view that the mine being located in CPA, Chandrapur.

 

The Committee noted that nearly 70% of the agricultural land in the ML area is irrigated and the proponent should examine options of OC-cum-UG mining with a view to reducing the extent of degradation of land and change of land use, impact on River Wardha, impact of location between two WL Sanctuaries and impact of working within the CPA-Ballarpur (Chandrapur).  The Committee recommended TOR with the aforesaid specific conditions, read with the generic TOR at Annexure-4 and general condition at Annexure-7.

 

 

15.      Bander Opencast (1.2 MTPA)–cum–Underground (0.5 MTPA) Coalmine Project in an ML area of 1643.67 ha of M/s Bander Coal Company Ltd., located in dist. Chandrapur, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proposal is for opening a new Bander Opencast-cum-underground Coalmine Project of a combined rated capacity of 1.8 MTPA of which OC would be 1.2 MTPA and UG would be 0.6 MTPA in an ML area of 1643.67 ha. It was informed that Bander Coal Block has been allotted to M/s Bander Coal Company vide MoC letter no. 13016/78/2008-CA-I dated 29th May 2009, and is is a JV of M/s Century Textile & Industries Ltd, Mumbai (0.72MTPA), M/s J.K Cement Ltd. Kanpur (0.72 MTPA) and M/s AMR Iron & Steel Pvt. Ltd., Yavatmal (0.48 MTPA). The block is located in Wardha Valley coalfields. It was informed that the project is outside the CEPI area as confirmed by CPCB vide letter dated 2nd February 2011. There are no ecologically sensitive areas such as National Parks or WL Sanctuaries; however the TATR boundary is 9.1 km from OC mine and 9.2 km from UG mine and the notified buffer zone boundary is 1.97 km from OC mine and 1.22 km from UG mine. Kasarbodi Reserve forest is within the coal block and Kharsingi RF, Mangrul RF and Nand RF are found within 3-5.5 km area within the buffer zone. The mine is drained by River Uma flowing at a distance 0.5 km towards east and River Chandal at a distance of 3.5 km in the south–west direction. The total ML area is 1643.67 ha consisting of 1170.16 ha of forestland (of which 257 ha would be for OC mine and 913.16 ha for UG mining), 38.84 ha is Govt. land and 434.67 ha is private land. In addition, an area of 39 ha is required for external OB dump outside the ML area. Thus, the total project area for the OC-cum-UG mine is 1682.67 ha. A proposal for diversion of 1170.16 ha of forestland (257 ha for OC mining and 913.16 ha for UG mining) has been submitted to the State Govt. on 9.7.2010. It is proposed to undertake opencast and underground mining simultaneously. In Phase–I, a mechanised open cast mine of 1.2 MTPA in sector B/C and an underground mining of 0.6MTPA in Sector A/B/C would be opened. After exhaustion of the opencast mine, another underground mine of 0.6 MTPA would be opened in sector D along with a small mine of 0.1MTPA. Of the total ML area, an area of 437 ha is for OC mining which includes 257 ha for quarry, 100 ha is for ext. OB dump, 30 ha for topsoil dump, 40 ha is for infrastructure, 10ha is for approach roads; and for UG mining is proposed in a total of 1206 ha consisting of 15 ha for surface infrastructure, 10.30 ha for access trenches and 1181.37 ha is for UG mining. OC mining would be by shovel-dumper and UG mining by Bord & Pillar method using continuous miners.. The ultimate working depth is 118.21 ha for OC mining. Total estimated OB generation is 135.962 Mm3 tot be stored in an area of 100ha of a max. height of 49.7m. Grade of coal is A, B, C and D. Topsoil dump would be of 6m height. The internal dump would rise 30m above ground level. Life of the OC mine is 18 years and UG is 38 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 725.49 crores. The total water requirement of the mine is an estimated 500 m3/d to be obtained from groundwater in the initial years until mine discharge water is available. Coal transportation from mine to railway siding would be by trucks. Anticipated subsidence is 1.252m and 1.489m at the end of 43 years. Mining Plan has been submitted to Ministry of Coal on 10.12.2011.

 

The Committee observed that the project is adjacent to the buffer zone of Tadoba-Andheri –Tiger Reserve. Shri Rajeev Sharma, AIG, NTCA informed that the MoEF has recently notified the buffer zone of TATR as per which, the TATR is situated at a distance of 0.5km from the mine boundary, i.e. the TATR is in the buffer zone of the mine and hence would require prior approval of the Standing Committee on Wildlife. As per letter dated 27.12.2010 of WII, Dehradun, the proposed project also falls within the forests connecting Bor Wild life Sanctuary with Tadoba-Andheri-Tiger Reserve and between Chaprala Wild life Sanctuary, Maharashtra and Kawal Wildlife Sanctuary (recently upgraded into a Tiger Reserve), Andhra Pradesh. Considering the close proximity of this project with important tiger bearing area the impact of mining study and associated infrastructure, development in this landscape would be large and would affect the conservation of tiger. WII has suggested a “Cumulative Environment Impact Assessment (CEIA) Study, which should be got done through competent agency of the impacts of all the existing and proposed mining projects in the tiger bearing landscape of TATR and incorporate it as part of the EIA-EMP Report.  The Committee also desired that since River Wardha flows at a distance of about 500m from the mine, the impact of mining activities on the Wardha should also be assessed. The Committee desired that forestry clearance 1170.16 ha 1170.16 ha would be required at the EC stage.

 

The Committee recommended TOR with the aforesaid specific conditions read with generic TOR given at Annexure-6 and general condition at Annexure-7.

 

 

16.      Gare IV/1 Opencast Coalmine Project (Expn. of ML area from 705.556 ha to 978.654ha at 6 MTPA and Expn. of Coal Washery from 2.4 MTPA to 3.2 MTPA) of M/s Jindal Steel & Power Ltd. located in dist. Raigarh, Chhattisgarh (Further consideration of EC based on TOR  24.04.2008)

 

The proposal was earlier considered in EAC meeting on 29th November 2011 and response to clarifications received from the proponent was further considered.

 

The proponent made the presentation. It was informed that  as per the communication received from the Additional Chief Secretary ,Govt. of Chhattisgarh vide letter no. 533-F-15/2009/10-2 dated 10.03.2011, the Gare IV/1 Opencast Coalmine Project along with its buffer zone is not part of legally designated ‘Elephant Corridor’ as also confirmed by Dr. V.B. Mathur, Dean, WII, Dehradun. It was clarified that Shri Ajay Desai, Co-Chairman, Asian Elephant Specialist Group had informed the proponent that it was not an elephant migratory corridor. It was stated that a small herd of 6-10 elephants visit the area and venture into some villages close to boundary of the buffer area in search of food and water and damage to crops of 11 villages have also been reported. The Wildlife Conservation Plan had been approved by PCCF, Chhattisgarh vide letter no. Wildlife /1422 dated 10.6.2011 at the total cost of Rs 454.75 lakhs for 5 years to be paid by the proponent which includes a Conservation Plan for Elephants in 3 parts: (i) Habitat restoration and Eco-rejuvenation of areas normally used by elephants, (ii) Mitigation of Elephant–Human Conflict and (iii) Monitoring and Evaluation. Dr. Mathur, WII has also approved the WL Plan.

 

The Committee noted that the comments of Dr. Mathur, WII that it is not a ‘notified corridor’ was not an independent assessment based on information available with WII but merely forwarding the comments of the Addl. CS, Govt. of Chhattisgarh, which was also received by MOEF vide letter no. 533-F-15/2009/10-2 dated 10.03.2011. The Committee requested Shri Mudit Kumar, CCF, Govt. of Chhattisgarh for wider involvement of the stakeholders including project proponents in formulation, implementation and monitoring of the WL Conservation Plan and to evolve a mechanism of transparency in the progress and activities taken there under, by regular uploading on the State Govt. Dept. website. The Committee suggested that a Monitoring Committee headed by a reputed/eminent person of integrity preferably from outside the region should be constituted for monitoring the implementation of the WL Conservation Plan.

 

The Committee recommended the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

17.      Wani Coal Washery (4 MTPA) at Khasra No. 19, 37 of M/s Gupta Coalfields & Washeries Ltd., in village Brahmani, Tehsil Wani, Dist. Yavatmal, Maharshtra – Further consideration of EC based on TOR granted on 17.12.2007 

 

The project was earlier considered in EAC (T&C) Meeting held on 29th November 2011 and Committee had sought certain clarifications.

 

The project was placed for reconsideration after the receipt of comments of Maharashtra SPCB, vide letter no. BO/JD (APC)/TB-1/B-5428 dated 01.10.2011 by MOEF. The EAC members decided that since a copy of the response from Maharashtra SPCB was not received by the project proponent, an opportunity should be given to them to study the report and the project would be taken up in the next EAC meeting.

 

The proponent made the presentation. It was informed that the washery is about 2-10km from Majhri Group of coal mines - Majhri, Kolar Pimpri, Pimaplgaon and Ukni of WCL. The washery is located at a distance of about 20-30km by road and at a distance of 5-6km (shortest) from Ghuggus CPA. It was informed that a provision of Rs 1 crore for black topping a 3-km approach road of PWD road to reduce the dust pollution in the area, which is yet to be taken up. It was informed that the coal rejects (0.6 MTPA) would be sent to the company’s FBC based TPP (2 x 60 MW) at Ghughus at a distance of 36km by existing roads. Washed coal from the washery would be transported by road to Majhri Rly. Siding and by rail to MAHAGENCO TPP. The issues raised in the Public Hearing and the representation received from ‘Ecobalance’ via e-mail dated 21.11.2011/29.12.2011, which were essentially the same issues raised by the institution in their e-mail dated 25.03.2011 and placed before the EAC in its meeting held on 28th -29th March 2011, were discussed. Shri V.M. Motghare, Joint  Director, Maharashtra State Pollution Control Board (MSPCB) informed that the coal washeries in the region are implementing the recommendations made by EAC sub-committee during its site visit to Wani area in 2007, which have been applied to all the washeries operating in the area. In most of the washeries, coal handling area has been observed to be high in levels of particulates (dust) and the coal is transported by trucks, which adds to the pollution load in Ghughus, Pipalgaon area. The representative, MSPCB also informed that all the washeries operating in the Wani area have been directed to use only mechanically covered trucks w.e.f 01.04.2012 to reduce air pollution. It was informed that the MSPCB has also given option to the proponents to shift their washeries to the pit head or near TPPs. Representative, MSPCB has also suggested that Tadali railway siding, which is coming up shortly may be used to reduce the distance upto 12 km and coal dust pollution load would also be reduced. 

 

The Committee observed that the proponent has constructed and is operating the washery without an EC, which appeared to be a violation of EIA Notification, 2006. The representative, MSPCB clarified that the proponent had obtained a separate Consent to establish for 2 MTPA coal crushing activity on 29.02.2008 and after that only coal crushing activity has started. The Committee desired that a 10m thick green avenue plantation right from the premises to railway siding (of WCL) should be provided in consultation with and approval of WCL and along the 600m stretch between village and washery. It was noted that NOC is not required under the EIA Notification 2006.

 

The Committee in view of the discussions as above, recommended the project for environmental clearance.

 

 

18.      Niljai Expansion (Deep) OC Coal Mine Project (expansion in ML area from 1346.63 ha to 1761.22 ha at the existing prod. capacity of 3.5 MTPA) of M/s Western Coalfields Ltd., Dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (TOR)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion of the existing Niljai Opencast Coalmine project by dip side expansion by 414.59 ha to enhance mine life to 25 years (from the existing mine of a balance life of 5 years) for sustaining the existing production of 3.50 MTPA (peak) in an ML area of 1761.22 ha. Of the total ML area of 1761.22 ha, 1728 ha is agricultural land and 32.25 ha is wasteland. No forestland is involved. Of the total ML area of 1761.22 ha, 588.64 ha is for quarries, 587.80ha is for OB dump, 80 ha for embankment, 98.40 ha is for top soil dump, 20 ha is for infrastructure, 60 ha is for township, 69 ha is for resettlement site and 257.38 ha is for blasting zone and for rationalisation of mine boundary. The mine is to be operated in two quarries- Q-I and Q-II. The extractable reserves are 45.30 MT (18.29 MT in quarry-I and 217.32 MT in quarry-II).  Mining would be opencast by shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate working depth is 135 m-200m in Q-I and 105-200m in Q-II. Grade of coal is E. The total estimated OB generation is 385.51 Mm3 of which 166.19 Mm3 is from Q-I and 217.32 Mm3 is from Q-II. It was informed that one external OB dump of a max. height of 90m to accommodate 343.62 Mm3 of OB would be additionally required to the existing OB dump, which would accommodate 176.59 Mm3 and about 30% would be backfilled. There are no voids of neighbouring mines to accommodate the OB from this mien as all the neighbouring mines are running mines. It is proposed to backfill OB of Q–II into void of Q-I and Q–II, maintaining a safe distance from the working area. It is proposed to backfill 138.86 Mm3 of OB, of which 126.13Mm3 of OB would be backfilled into Q-I and 12.73 Mm3 of OB in Q–II. It is proposed to merge the internal dump of Q-I with the proposed (additional) external dump. About 5.50 Mm3 OB would be used for construction of embankment (8 km length) along River Wardha. Balance life of the mine is being enhanced from 6-7 years to 17 years. Capital cost of the project is Rs 414.1063 crores. CSR would be implemented at an annual recurring cost of Rs 5/T of coal. The total estimated water requirement is 448 m3/d (405.9m3/day for mine operations and 43.21m3/day is for domestic use). Water table is in the range of 10.5-14m bgl (pre-monsoon) and 8.50-12.50m (post-monsoon). R&R involves 600 PAFs. Ukni village is proposed to be acquired as OB is proposed to be dumped in Ukni village. Coal transportation would be by covered trucks. Main linkage is MAHAGENCO.

 

The Committee desired that the present and proposed expansion detail should be provided in Tabular form in terms of the major operational parameters and the OB generation should also be shown in a tabular form for the existing and expansion project and in terms of external and internal OB dumping (Q-I and Q-II). The Committee desired that the Progressive and Final Mine Closure Plan should be prepared in an integrated manner taking into account that the neighbouring mines such as Bellora-Naigaon, Ukni Extension, Niljai North and South are also expanding on the dip side, so that minimal land is acquired for external OB dumping. The Committee desired that proponent examine the possibility of sequencing/staggering the operation of the two quarries with minimum requirement of additional land.

 

The Committee sought clarification on above cited issues and decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the details sought above.

 

 

19.      Ukni Deep OCP (Expansion of prod. from 2.20 MTPA to 3.50 MTPA and expn. from ML area from 940 ha to 1285.12 ha) of M/s WCL, dist. Yavatmal, Maharashtra (EC based on TOR granted on 28.10.2010)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the earlier EC for 1.10 MTPA with an ML area of 940 ha was obtained on 10.8.1990 and expansion to 2.20 MTPA in the same ML area of 940 ha was obtained on 20.5.2005. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion in production capacity from 2.20 MTPA to 3.50 MTPA and expansion in ML area from 940 ha to 1285.12 ha. Of the total ML area of 1285.12 ha, 1272.22 ha is agricultural land of which 350.53 ha is to be acquired and 12.90 ha is Govt. land. No forestland is involved. Of the total ML area of 1285.12 ha, 333.00 ha is quarry, 345 ha is for ext. OB dumps, 70 ha is for  infrastructure, 34 ha is for township, 402.12ha is for rationalisation of mine boundary and blasting zone. It was informed that plantation over an area of 101 ha has been developed on the existing OB dump. The quarry would be operated as two quarries- Q-I and Q-II. The total balance mineable reserves of 24.37 MT include 9.65 MT from Q-I and 14.72 MT from Q-II. Mining would be opencast by shovel-dumper combination. Ultimate working depth is 114-206m. Grade of coal is E. Of the total 221.66 Mm3 of OB generated from the mine, 117.52 Mm3 of OB is to be dumped externally and 104.14 Mm3 to be backfilled. The total water requirement is 970 m3/d which includes 460 m3/d is for mine operations and 510 m3/d is for domestic use. Water table is in the range of 19-19.2m (pre-monsoon) and 17.05 -17.15m bgl (post-monsoon). River Wardha flowing at a distance of 3km forms the main drainage of the area. Capital cost of the project is Rs 311.6091 crores. Balance life of the mine is 16 years. The project involves R&R of 264 PAFs. The main linkage is MAHAGENCO. Public Hearing was held on 10.08.2011.

 

It was informed that the land to be acquired for Ukni deep belongs to villages - Ukni, Pipalgaon and Wardha. Land of these villages is used mainly for cultivation. The main crops are cotton, soya beans and Jawar. It was informed that for providing stability of dumps and to prevent slope failures, it is proposed to have separate dumps for unconsolidated strata and hard OB. Height of OB dumps would be 90m and 60m for hard OB and unconsolidated OB of about 19 Mm3. It was informed that slope stability study would be carried out for dumping OB to 90m and 60m. It was informed that at the post mining stage, a water body of 153ha is proposed. It was informed that at the end of mining, a total area of 629 ha would be under plantation, which includes 401 ha in external OB dumps, 100 ha in backfilled area and 120 ha in vacant area. It was informed that village Pimpalgaon with 264 houses is to relocated as it is proposed to create the ext. OB dump. A provision of Rs 23.25 crores for shifting and resettlement of Pimpalgaon village has been made. The proponent also presented the status of the compliance of conditions of earlier ECs.

 

The Committee sought a comparative table of the status of the existing and expansion projects in terms of calendar plan of production, landuse, mining operation, post-mining landuse and progressive mine reclamation-cum-plantation. The Committee noted that a peak mine water discharge of 14,000 m3/d at the max. mine working of 176m in 250 ha quarry. The Committee desired that the impact of mining Ukni Deep on the confined aquifer requires to be studied as the mine goes deeper through a detailed Hydrogeological study and a plan for recharge of the groundwater aquifers around 3km of the mine should be prepared and submitted. The Committee desired that the depth of the final void of 175m  should be reduced to 40m at the Final Mine Closure Plan and a conceptual plan thereof furnished. The Committee also desired that the possible use of treated mine water discharge by the villages in the area should also be explored.

 

The Committee desired that the present and proposed expansion detail should be provided in Tabular form in terms of the major operational parameters and the OB generation should also be shown in a tabular form for the existing and expansion project and in terms of external and internal OB dumping (Q-I and Q-II). The Committee desired that the Progressive and Final Mine Closure Plan should be prepared in an integrated manner taking into account that the neighbouring mines such as Bellora-Naigaon, Ukni Extension, Niljai North and South are also expanding on the dip side, so that minimal land is acquired for external OB dumping. The Committee desired that proponent examine the possibility of sequencing/staggering the operation of the two quarries with minimum requirement of additional land. CSR at Rs 5/T of coal would be provided on an annual recurring basis.

 

The Committee decided to further consider the project upon receipt of the aforesaid details.

 

 

20.     Expansion of Ghonsa OCP (Prod. from 0.30 MTPA to 0.45 MTPA and ML area from 128 ha to 293.65 ha) of M/s WCL, dist. Yavatmal, Maharahstra (EC based on TOR granted on 08.07.2009)

 

The proponent made a presentation. It was informed that the proposal is for expansion of Ghonsa OCP in terms of production capacity form 0.30 MTPA to 0.45 MTPA and ML area from 128 ha to 293.65 ha. Of the total ML area of 293.65 ha, 24 ha is forestland and 261.81 ha is agricultural land and 7.84 ha is Govt. land. Of the total ML area of 293  ha, 135.12 ha is for excavation, 29.35 ha is for OB dumps, 15 ha is for infrastructure, 1.50 ha is for diversion of road, 57.30 ha is for blasting zone, 30.38 ha is for embankment, 10 ha is for future extension of quarry and 15 ha is for green cover/plantation. Mining would continue to be opencast with shovel-dumper combination. The mine would operate in three quarries – north quarry, central quarry and south quarry. Ultimate working depth is 75m. Grade of coal is E. A total 38.65 Mm3 of Ob would be generated in the balance life of mine (25.85 Mm3 from north quarry, 5.96 Mm3 central quarry, 6.85 Mm3 from south quarry), of which 8.68 Mm3 OB would be stored in external dump in an area of 29.35 ha and also used for construction of embankment and 29.67Mm3 would be backfilled in an area of 34.50 ha. It was informed that at the end of mine life, a total area of 194.73 ha would be planted of which 29.35 ha is in external OB dump area, 80 ha in backfilled area and 85.38 ha in vacant land. The total water requirement is 130 m3/d (10 m3/day for mine operation, 10 m3/day for mine drinking water, 30 m3/day is for dust suppression, 20 m3/day is for fire services, 50 is for domestic use in colony, and 10 m3/day is for green belt). Water table is in the range of 7.3-9.03m (pre-monsoon) and 4-5.75m (post-monsoon). River Vidarbha flows at a distance of about 100m form the lease boundary. Capital cost of the project is Rs 39.9401 crores. Balance life of the mine is 18 years. Linkage if MAHAGENCO. Project does not involve R&R. The project was granted EC on 13.01.2005 for 0.30 MTPA capacity in ML area of 128 ha without involving forestland.

 

 It was informed that the existing Ghonsa OC presently has reached the capacity of 0.30MTPA and can produce up to 0.45 MT within the existing land area of 128 ha without involving forestland for achieving target production of WCL and sought EC for Phase-I of the project involving expansion of production capacity only to 0.45 MTPA within the existing ML area and thereafter after FC is obtained implement Phase-II for continuing the production at 0.45 MTPA in 293.65 ha. However, the expansion proposal (Ph-II) involves 24 ha of forestland, the application for diversion is pending at the State Govt. Public Hearing was held on 09.08.2011 for the entire project of 0.45 MTPA in an ML area of 693.25 ha.

 

The Committee observed that the depth of final void would be 175m in an area of 27.50 ha and desired that OB should be rehandled and the depth of the final void should be reduced to 35- 40m. The Committee observed that the mining may cut the confined aquifer and lead to decline of groundwater and desired that a Plan for recharging groundwater and confined aquifer in and around the mine area within 2-3 km area should be prepared and implemented. The Committee desired that a “Conceptual Final Mine closure Plan” should be prepared with the final depth of water body to be 30-40m. CSR at Rs 5/T of coal would be provided on an annual recurring basis to cater to the CSR activities for the adjoining villages.

 

The Committee recommended EC to Phase-1 of the project with enhanced production capacity of 0.45 MTPA in the existing ML area of 128 ha. In regard to Phase-II for expansion of production to 0.45 MTPA in the extended ML area of 293.65 ha, the Committee recommended the project for EC subject to MOEF Circular dated 09.09.2011.

 

 

21.     Request for extension of time for compliance of EC condition for coal transportation by rail in EC to Coal Washery of M/s Hind Energy and Coal Beneficiation (India) Ltd., located in dist. Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh

The proponent informed that EC was accorded to above cited project vide letter no. J-11015/190/2007-IA.II(M) dated 24.06.2008, wherein EC condition (ix)  Railway Siding shall be established at Gatora Railway Station and at Hathbandh Railway Siding at a distance of 10km and 30km respectively, thereafter coal (raw and washed coal) would be transported by rail from these sidings within 3 years has been stipulated. In regard to the aforesaid EC condition, it was informed that the proponent had pursued with the railway authorities for construction of a railway siding for transport of raw coal and clean coal by rail by 31.03.2012. However, a further extension of time limit by another 2 years – one year for policy decision for the establishment and one year for the construction and commissioning of the railway siding is required, as the process of approval of land on lease basis for laying railway siding has been deferred till a Policy direction in this regard is issued by the Railways.

 

The Committee observed that Korba is a critically polluted area due to operation of a large number of high capacity mines. If all the washeries were to obtain raw coal from these mines by road, it would further worsen the air quality of the region. The matter of transport of coal by rail mode and introduction of mechanisation in coal transportation and loading is a matter of high priority. The Committee stated that as an interim measure, until the entire laying of the railway siding and associated infrastructure is completed, road transportation could be permitted. The Committee after discussions extended the period of construction and operationalising of railway siding by 2 years.

 

The meeting ended with a vote of thanks to the Chair.

 

*           *     *


 

                              Annexure-1

 

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 39th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 3rd-4th JANUARY 2012 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

 

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1.       Shri V.P. Raja                                                                  Chairman

 

2.       Prof. C.R. Babu                                                               Vice-Chairman

 

3.       Shri T.K. Dhar                                    ……                           Member

 

4.       Shri J.L. Mehta                                                                Member

 

5.       Prof. G.S. Roonwal                                                          Member

 

6.       Dr. Shiv Attri                                                                    Member

 

7.       Dr. C. B. S. Dutt                                                              Member

 

8.       Dr. T. Chandini                                                        ..          Scientist F MOEF

 

9.       Dr. Rubab Jaffer                                                             Scientist B, MOEF

 

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Special Invitees:

 

1.       Shri R.K.Garg, Advisor, Coal India Ltd. attended the meeting on both days.

 

2.       Shri V M Motghare, Jt. Director, Maharshtra Pollution Control Board, Mumbai

 

3.       Shri Rajeev Sharma, AIG F, National Tiger Conservation Authority, New Delhi

 

4.       Dr. A K Swar, SEE, O SPCB

 

5.       Shri R Kumar, Addl. PCCF, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

 


Annexure-2

 

PARTICIPANTS IN 39th EXPERT APPRAISAL COMMITTEE (THERMAL & COAL MINING) IN THE MEETING HELD ON 3rd-4th JANUARY 2012 ON COAL SECTOR PROJECTS

 

 

1.             M/s Neyveli Lignite Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Shri Mahesh Bilaskar

                2.             Shri I Susai Arulraj, GM

                3.             Shri C. Muthusamy

 

2.             M/s Gujarat Mineral Development Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Shri P.K. samatray, Dy GM

                2.             Shri D U Vyas, GM

                3.             Shri B.P. Pati

                4.             Shri B D Sharma

                5.             Dr DA Panchori

                6.             Dr.Marisha Sharma

                7.             Shri Amrish Kumar

 

3.             M/s Fatehpur Coal Pvt. Ltd.

                1.             Shri Deepak Kumar

                2.             Shri S Gopalkrishnan, Diretcor, FECPL

                3.             Shri R V Mathe

                4.             Shri J K Moitra

                5.             Shri K R Veeranan

                6.             Shri Anand

                7.             Shri R B Shrof

                8.             Shri M M S Khadin

 

4.             M/s National Thermal Power Corp. Ltd.

                1.             Shri Revti Raman, GM

                2.             Shri A B Haldar, GM

                3.             Shri S N Goel, ED

                4.             Shri Rajesh K Baderia, HOD

                5.             Shri N K Srivastava, GM

                6.             Shri Sanjiv Kr. Singh, Sr. Manager

                7.             Shri Chandan Kr. Badhan

                8.             Shri P Giri, Creative Enginners, Chennai

 

5.             M/s Mahanadi Coalfields Ltd.

                1.             Shri A K Singh, Dir. (Tech.)

                2.             Shri R P Gupta, GM, Sameshwari

                3.             Shri Jayadev, Sr. Manager

                4.             Shri K S Ganapathy, Chief Manager

                5.             Shri A.K. Samantaray, Sr.Manager (Env.)

                6.             Shri A. Singh, CMPDI

                7.             Shri B C Tripathy, GM (Env.)

 

6.             M/s Bhushan Power & Steel Ltd. &  M/s MCL

                1.             Shri Sanjeev Kapoor, Bhushan Power & Steel

                2.             Shri E Bhaskara Rao, Scienstist, C Farm

                3.             Dr. Virendra Kumar, C-Farm

                4.             Dr. A K Swar, SEE, O SPCB

                5.             Shri B C Tripathy, GM, MCL

                6.             Shri K L Sarda, Bhushan Power & Steel

                7.             Shri S K Ojha, Bhushan Power & Steel

 

7.             M/s NTPC & M/s MCL

                1.             Shri Rajesh K Baderia, HOD (Env.)

                2.             Shri A Chaudhuri, GM (TTPS)

                3.             Shri N K Srivastava, GM

                4.             Shri UK Dasgupta

                5.             Shri SS Pradhan, Sr. Mgr.

                6.             Shri K S Ganapathy, Chief Manager (Env.)

                7.             Shri P Dwvedi, Sr. Mgr

                8.             Dr SK Dube, AGM, NTPC

                9.             Dr V Prakash, DGM, Env. Eng.

 

8.             M/s Central Coalfields Ltd

                1.             Shri B K Sharma, Chief (Env.)

                2.             Shri US Singh, Sr. Mgr. (Mining), CMPDI

                3.             Shri P K Sinha, GM

                4.             Shri P Prasad, Sr. Manager, Hydrogeology

                5.             Shri Pushkar, Sr. Manager (Env.)

 

9.             M/s Maheshwari Coal Beneficiation Pvt. Ltd. on coal transportation by rail mode only

                1.             Shri Anil Mundra, MD

 

11.          M/s Chhattisgarh Mineral Development Corp.     Ltd.

                1.             Shri Amit Jain, CS, ICPL

                2.             Shri DK Srivastava, DGM, ICPL

                3.             Shri S R Yadav, CEO, & MD, ICPL

                4.             Dr. Marisha Sharma, MIN MEC

                5.             Prof. BK Srivastava

                6.             Shri Ravindranath Saxena, CMDC

                7.             Shri Shashi Kumar

                8.             Shri S P Yadav

                9.             Shri Mudit Kumar Singh, CCF, Govt. of Chhattisgarh

                10.          Shri B Sarma

 

12.          M/s MAHAGENCO

                1.             Shri MK Deore, Dir, Projects

                2.             Shri V P Singh, ED, MAHAGENCO

                3.             Shri KM Chiarithe, MAHAGENCO

                4.             Shri A G Khandi, CE, MAHAGENCO

                5.             Shri Subhash Gupta, EE, MAHAGENCO

                6.             Shri A K Wahi, MAHAGENCO

                7.             Shri J S Arya, MAHAGENCO

                8.             Shri Shyam Sundar, Vimata Labs

 

13.          M/s Bander Coal Company Ltd.

                1.             Shri A K Srivastav, Gr. Director

                2.             Dr. Prakash S Kelkar

                3.             Shri A P Manmet, Mining Consultant

                4.             Shri Shantanu Puranik, Sewa

                5.             Shri Y P Bajaj, Consultant

 

14.          M/s Jindal Steel & Power Ltd.

                1.             Shri DN Abrol, JSPL

                2.             Shri RS Sharma, JSPL

                3.             Dr.R Kumar, JSPL

                4.             Dr. IN  Rao, JSPL

                5.             Shri Anand Goel, Jt. MD, JSPL

                6.             Dr. JK Soni

                7.             Shri Shashank Jaiswal

                8.             Shri S R Chary

                9.             Shri Ravi Kuamr, JSPL

 

15.          M/s Gupta Coalfields & Washeries Ltd.

                1.             Shri Deo Sharma, Director, projects

                2.             Shri Ashok Mundhara, Sr. Vice-President

                3.             Shri NK Prasad, Consutlant

                4.             Shri Shantanu Puranik, Consultant

                5.             Shri Rajesh Srivastava, Cosnutlant

 

16.          M/s Western Coalfields Ltd.

                1.             Shri Om Prakash, Dir (Tech.)

                2.             Shri K Chakraborty

                3.             Shri A C Ray      

                4.             Shri S K Jagnania, CMPDI

                5.             Dr. Debabratu Das, CMPDI

                6.             Shri KP Singh, CMPDI

 

17.          M/s Hind Energy and Coal Beneficiation (India) Ltd.

                1.             Shri Rajeev Agrawal

 

 

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ANNEXURE-3

GENERIC TOR FOR COAL WASHERY

 

Based on the presentation made and discussions held, the Committee prescribed the following TOR:

(i)         A brief description of the plant, the technology used, the source of coal, the mode of transport of incoming unwashed coal and the outgoing washed coal. Specific pollution control and mitigative measures for the entire process.

(ii)         The EIA-EMP report should cover the impacts and management plan for the project of the capacity for EC is sought and the impacts of specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts for the rated capacity. If the washery is captive to a coal mine/TPP/Plant the cumulative impacts on the environment and usage of water should be brought out along with the EMP.

(iii)          A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer showing major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area. If there are any ecologically sensitive areas found within the 15km buffer zone, the shortest distance from the National Park/WL Sanctuary Tiger Reserve, etc should be shown and the comments of the Chief Wildlife Warden of the State Government should be furnished.

 (iv)         Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary base-line data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx and NOx), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil. 

(iv)                  Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations vis-à-vis washery should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt.. and examine if the unit can be zero discharge including recycling and reuse of the wastewater for other uses such as green belt, etc.

(vi)        Impact of choice of the selected use of technology and impact on air quality and waste generation (emissions and effluents). 

(vii)       Impacts of mineral transportation - the entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, if any, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place.

(viii)      Details of various facilities to be provided for the personnel involved in mineral transportation in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral [and rejects] transportation, their impacts. Details of workshop, if any, and treatment of workshop effluents.

(ix)        Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(x)        Details of green belt development.

(xi)        Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost.

(xiv)      Public Hearing details of the coal washery to include details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xv)                 Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xvi)                Submission of sample test analysis of:

I     Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

II     Characteristics and quantum of washed coal.

III    Characteristics and quantum of coal waste rejects.

(xvii)     Management/disposal/Use of coal waste rejects

(xviii)    Copies of MOU/Agreement with linkages (for stand alone washery) for the capacity for which EC has been sought.

(xxxvi)   Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal to be washed- this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

 

____


ANNEXURE -4

GENERIC TOR FOR AN OPENCAST COALMINE PROJECT

(i)             An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for …….. MTPA rated capacity in an ML/project area of …… ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)            An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for ……. MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for ………. MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for ………MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)           A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)          A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)           Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)              Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)             A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)            A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

(ix)              In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

(x)               Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(xi)              Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

LANDUSE DETAILS FOR OPENCAST PROJECT

S.N.

LANDUSE

Within ML Area (ha)

Outside ML Area (ha)

TOTAL

1.

Agricultural land

 

 

 

2.

Forest land

 

 

 

3.

Wasteland

 

 

 

4.

Grazing land

 

 

 

5.

Surface water bodies

 

 

 

6.

Settlements

 

 

 

7.

Others (specify)

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

 

(xii)             Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xiii)            Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xiv)        Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data coinciding with the same season for AAQ collection period.

(xv)         Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable. Values should be provided based on desirable limits.

(xvi)        Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the area is occasionally visited or used as a habitat by Schedule-I fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, or used as a migratory corridor then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and submitted with EIA-EMP Report and comments from the CWLW of the State Govt. also obtained and furnished.

(xvii)       Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan should also be shown in figures.

(xviii)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xix)        Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xx)         Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xxi)        Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxii)       Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxiii)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                       

(xxiv)      Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxv)       Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxvi)      Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxvii)     Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF) and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 

Table 1: Stage-wise Landuse and Reclamation Area (ha)

S.N.

Land use Category

Present

(1st Year)

5th Year

10th Year

20th year

24th Year (end of Mine life)*

1.

Backfilled Area (Reclaimed with plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Excavated Area (not reclaimed)/void

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

External OB dump

Reclaimed with plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Reclaimed Top soil dump

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Green Built Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Undisturbed area (brought under plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

7.

Roads (avenue plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

8.

Area around buildings and Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

110*

110*

110*

110*

110*

* As a representative example

 

 

Table 2: Stage-wise Cumulative Plantation

S.N.

YEAR*

Green Belt

External Dump

Backfilled Area

Others

(Undisturbed

Area/etc)

TOTAL

 

 

Area

(ha)

No. of trees

Area

(ha)

No. of Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of

 Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of

 Trees

1.

1st year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

3rd year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

5th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

10th yesr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

15th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

20th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

25th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.

30th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

34th year (end of mine life)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

34-37th Year (Post-mining)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85

 

* As a representative example

 

 

(xxviii)    Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions. Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling (wherever applicable) and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

 

Table 3: Post-Mining Landuse Pattern of ML/Project Area (ha)

S.N.

Land use during Mining

Land Use (ha)

1.

External OB Dump

Plantation

Water Body

Public Use

Undisturbed

TOTAL

2.

Top soil Dump

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Excavation

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Roads

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Built up area

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Green Belt

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Undisturbed Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

85

 

 

 

110

 

(xxix)      Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxx)       Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxxi)      Risk Assessment and Disaster Preparedness and Management Plan.

(xxxii)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxiii)    Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxiv)   Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxv)    CSR Plan along with details of villages and specific budgetary provisions (capital and recurring) for specific activities over the life of the project.

(xxxvi)   Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxvii)  In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxx)  Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxxi) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxxii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval,

            NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc. wherever applicable.

 

(A) FORESTRY CLEARANCE

 

TOTAL ML/PROJECT 

AREA (ha)

TOTAL FORESTLAND (ha)

Date of FC

Extent of forestland

Balance area for which FC is yet to be obtained

Status of appl. for diversion of

forestland

 

 

If more than one, provide details of each FC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(B)        MINING PLAN/PROJECT APPROVAL


Date of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval:

            Copy of Letter of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval

 

___


ANNEXURE -5

GENERIC TOR FOR AN UNDERGROUND COALMINE PROJECT

(i)             An EIA-EMP Report should be prepared for a peak capacity of  ………….. MTPA over an area of  ………….. ha  addressing the impacts of the underground coalmine project including the aspects of mineral transportation and issues of impacts on hydrogeology, plan for conservation of flora/fauna and afforestation/plantation programme based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(ii)            The EIA-EMP report should also cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of baseline data and information, generation of baseline data on impacts for ……. MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan.

(iii)           A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (15 km of the buffer zone in case of ecologically sensitive areas) delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, drainage, locations of habitats, major construction including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources, which shall also indicate the migratory corridors of fauna, if any and the areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance are found in the area.

(iv)          Map showing the core zone along with 3-5 km of the buffer zone) delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records) and grazing land and wasteland and water bodies.

(v)           Contour map at 3m interval along with Site plan of the mine (lease/project area with about 3-5 km of the buffer zone) showing the various surface structures such as buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within/adjacent to the ML), green belt and undisturbed area and if any existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with details of natural drainage adjoining the lease/project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., highways, passing through the lease/project area.

(vi)          Original land use (agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/wasteland/water bodies) of the area. Impacts of project, if any on the landuse, in particular, agricultural land/forestland/grazing land/water bodies falling within the lease/project and acquired for mining operations. Extent of area under surface rights and under mining rights.

 

S.N.

 ML/Project

Land use

Area under Surface Rights (ha)

Area Under Mining Rights (ha)

Area under Both (ha)

1.

Agricultural land

 

 

 

2.

Forest Land

 

 

 

3.

Grazing Land

 

 

 

4.

Settlements

 

 

 

5.

Others (specify)

 

 

 

 

            Area Under Surface Rights

S.N.

Details

Area (ha)

1.

Buildings

 

2.

Infrastructure

 

3.

Roads

 

4.

Others (specify)

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

(vii)         Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. The flora and fauna details should be furnished separately for the core zone and buffer zone. The report and the list should be authenticated by the concerned institution carrying out the study and the names of the species scientific and common names) along with the classification under the Wild Life Protection Act, 1972 should be furnished.

(viii)        Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study area and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working plan/scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps should also be included.

(ix)          Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(x)           Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality – air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, AS, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xi)          Map of the study area (core and buffer zone) clearly delineating the location of various monitoring stations (air/water/soil and noise – each shown separately) superimposed with location of habitats, wind roses, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations should be selected on the basis of the proposed impacts in the downwind/downstream/groundwater regime. One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact non-polluting area as a control station. Wind roses to determine air pollutant dispersion and impacts thereof shall be determined. Monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and standards for air, water, noise notified under Environment Protection Rules. Parameters for water testing for both ground and surface water should be as per ISI standards and CPCB classification of surface water wherever applicable.

(xii)         Impact of mining and water abstraction and mine water discharge in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on the impact of mining on the groundwater regime. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected wherever the areas are declared dark/grey from groundwater development.

(xiii)        Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xiv)        Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement as per different activities in the mining operations, including use of water for sand stowing should be given separately. Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users should be provided.

(xv)         Impact of choice of mining method, technology, selected use of machinery - and impact on air quality, mineral transportation, coal handling & storage/stockyard, etc, Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.

(xvi)        Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project. The entire sequence of mineral production, transportation, handling, transfer and storage of mineral and waste, and their impacts on air quality should be shown in a flow chart with the specific points where fugitive emissions can arise and the specific pollution control/mitigative measures proposed to be put in place. Examine the adequacy of roads existing in the area and if new roads are proposed, the impact of their construction and use particularly if forestland is used.

(xvii)       Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.  Examine whether existing roads are adequate to take care of the additional load of mineral and their impacts.

(xviii)      Examine the number and efficiency of mobile/static water sprinkling system along the main mineral transportation road within the mine, approach roads to the mine/stockyard/siding, and also the frequency of their use in impacting air quality.

(xix)        Impacts of CHP, if any on air and water quality. A flow chart of water use and whether the unit can be made a zero-discharge unit.

(xx)         Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan along with the fund requirement for the detailed activities proposed there under.  Impacts of change in land use for mining operations and whether the land can be restored for agricultural use post mining.

 

            Table 1 Stage-wise Cumulative Plantation

S.N.

YEAR*

Green Belt

External Dump

Backfilled Area

Others

(Undisturbed

Area/etc)

TOTAL

 

 

Area

(ha)

No. of trees

Area

(ha)

No. of Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of

 Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of

 Trees

1.

1st year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

3rd year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

5th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

10th yesr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

15th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

20th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

25th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.

30th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

34th year (end of mine life)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

34-37th Year (Post-mining)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85*

2,12,500

                *As a representative example

 

(xxi)        Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine should be furnished.

(xxii)       Details of cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for final mine closure plan. The specific costs (capital and recurring) of each pollution control/mitigative measures proposed in the project until end of mine life and a statement that this is included in the project cost.

(xxiii)      Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources – water, land, energy, raw materials/mineral, etc.

(xxiv)      R&R: Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status (including tribals, SC/ST) of the population in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxv)       CSR Plan along with details of villages and specific budgetary provisions (capital and recurring) for specific activities over the life of the project.

(xxvi)      Public Hearing should cover the details as specified in the EIA Notification 2006, and include notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments by the proponent made should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxvii)     Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending in any Court/Tribunal on the project should be furnished.

(xxxvii)  Submission of sample test analysis of:

(xxxvii) Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S

            and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxviii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval, NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

            (A) FORESTRY CLEARANCE

 

TOTAL ML/PROJECT 

AREA (ha)

TOTAL FORESTLAND (ha)

Date of FC

Extent of forestland

Balance area for which FC is yet to be obtained

Status of appl. for diversion of

forestland

 

 

If more than one, provide details of each FC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(B)        MINING PLAN /PROJECT APPROVAL


Date of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval:

            Copy of Letter of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval

___


ANNEXURE-6

GENERIC TOR FOR AN OPENCAST-CUM-UNDERGROUND COALMINE PROJECT

(i)               An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for a combined rated capacity of…….. MTPA  for OC-cum-UG project which consists of ……. MTPA for OC and ………. MTPA for UG in an ML/project area of …… ha based on the generic structure specified in Appendix III of the EIA Notification 2006.

(ii)              An EIA-EMP Report would be prepared for ……. MTPA rated capacity cover the impacts and management plan for the project specific activities on the environment of the region, and the environmental quality – air, water, land, biotic community, etc. through collection of data and information, generation of data on impacts including prediction modelling for ………. MTPA of coal production based on approval of project/Mining Plan for …….. MTPA. Baseline data collection can be for any season except monsoon.

(iii)             A map specifying locations of the State, District and Project location.

(iv)             A Study area map of the core zone and 10km area of the buffer zone (1: 50,000 scale) clearly delineating the major topographical features such as the land use, surface drainage of rivers/streams/nalas/canals, locations of human habitations, major constructions including railways, roads, pipelines, major industries/mines and other polluting sources. In case of ecologically sensitive areas such as Biosphere Reserves/National Parks/WL Sanctuaries/ Elephant Reserves, forests (Reserved/Protected), migratory corridors of fauna, and areas where endangered fauna and plants of medicinal and economic importance found in the 15 km area of the buffer zone should be given.

(v)              Land use map (1: 50,000 scale) based on a recent satellite imagery of the study area may also be provided with explanatory note of the land use. Satellite imagery per se is not required.

(vi)             Map showing the core zone delineating the agricultural land (irrigated and unirrigated, uncultivable land (as defined in the revenue records), forest areas (as per records), along with other physical features such as water bodies, etc should be furnished.

(vii)            A contour map showing the area drainage of the core zone and 2-5 km of the buffer zone (where the water courses of the core zone ultimately join the major rivers/streams outside the lease/project area) should also be clearly indicated as a separate map.

(viii)           A detailed Site plan of the mine showing the various proposed break-up of the land for mining operations such as the quarry area, OB dumps, green belt, safety zone, buildings, infrastructure, CHP, ETP, Stockyard, township/colony (within and adjacent to the ML), undisturbed area and if any, in topography such as existing roads, drains/natural water bodies are to be left undisturbed along with any natural drainage adjoining the lease /project and modification of thereof in terms of construction of embankments/bunds, proposed diversion/rechannelling of the water courses, etc., approach roads, major haul roads, etc.

(ix)             In case of any proposed diversion of nallah/canal/river, the proposed route of diversion/modification of drainage and their realignment, construction of embankment etc. should also be shown on the map.

(x)              Similarly if the project involves diversion of any road/railway line passing through the ML/project area, the proposed route of diversion and its realignment should be shown.

(xi)             Break up of lease/project area as per different land uses and their stage of acquisition.

 

            LANDUSE DETAILS FOR OPENCAST PROJECT

S.N.

LANDUSE

Within ML Area (ha)

Outside ML Area (ha)

TOTAL (ha)

1.

Agricultural land

 

 

 

2.

Forest land

 

 

 

3.

Wasteland

 

 

 

4.

Grazing land

 

 

 

5.

Surface water bodies

 

 

 

6.

Settlements

 

 

 

7.

Others (specify)

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

 

            LANDUSE DETAILS FOR UNDERGROUND PROJECT

S.N.

 ML/Project

Land use

Area under Surface Rights (ha)

Area Under Mining Rights (ha)

Area under Both (ha)

1.

Agricultural land

 

 

 

2.

Forest Land

 

 

 

3.

Grazing Land

 

 

 

4.

Wasteland

 

 

 

5.

Water Bodies

 

 

 

6.

Settlements

 

 

 

7.

Others (specify)

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

 

            Area Under Surface Rights

S.N.

Details

Area (ha)

1.

Buildings

 

2.

Infrastructure

 

3.

Roads

 

4.

Others (specify)

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

(xii)         Break-up of lease/project area as per mining operations.

(xiii)        Impact of changes in the land use due to the start of the projects if much of the land being acquired is agricultural land/forestland/grazing land.

(xiv)        Collection of one-season (non-monsoon) primary baseline data on environmental quality - air (PM10, PM2.5, SOx , NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc), noise, water (surface and groundwater), soil along with one-season met data.

(xv)         Map of the study area (1: 50, 000 scale) (core and buffer zone clearly delineating the location of various stations superimposed with location of habitats, other industries/mines, polluting sources. The number and location of the stations in both core zone and buffer zone should be selected on the basis of size of lease/project area, the proposed impacts in the downwind (air)/downstream (surface water)/groundwater regime (based on flow). One station should be in the upwind/upstream/non-impact/non-polluting area as a control station. The monitoring should be as per CPCB guidelines and parameters for water testing for both ground water and surface water as per ISI standards and CPCB classification wherever applicable. Values should be presented in comparison to desirable limits.

(xvi)        Study on the existing flora and fauna in the study area (10km) carried out by an institution of relevant discipline and the list of flora and fauna duly authenticated separately for the core and buffer zone and a statement clearly specifying whether the study area forms a part of the migratory corridor of any endangered fauna. If the study area has endangered flora and fauna, or if the project falls within 15 km of an ecologically sensitive area, then a comprehensive Conservation Plan should be prepared and furnished along with comments from the CWLW of the State Govt.

(xvii)       Details of mineral reserves, geological status of the study are and the seams to be worked, ultimate working depth and progressive stage-wise working scheme until end of mine life should be reflected on the basis of the approved rated capacity and calendar plans of production from the approved Mining Plan. Geological maps and sections should be included. The progressive mine development and final mine closure plan should also be shown in figures.

(xviii)      Details of mining methods, technology, equipment to be used, etc., rationale for selection of that technology and equipment proposed to be used vis-à-vis the potential impacts.

(xix)        Study on subsidence, measures for mitigation/prevention of subsidence, modelling subsidence prediction and its use during mine operation, safety issues.

(xx)         Impact of mining on hydrology, modification of natural drainage, diversion and channelling of the existing rivers/water courses flowing though the ML and adjoining the lease/project and the impact on the existing users and impacts of mining operations thereon.

(xxi)        Detailed water balance should be provided. The break up of water requirement for the various mine operations should be given separately.

(xxii)       Source of water for use in mine, sanction of the competent authority in the State Govt. and impacts vis-à-vis the competing users.

(xxiii)      Impact of mining and water abstraction use in mine on the hydrogeology and groundwater regime within the core zone and 10 km buffer zone including long–term modelling studies on. Details of rainwater harvesting and measures for recharge of groundwater should be reflected in case there us a declining trend of groundwater availability and/or if the area falls within dark/grey zone.

(xxiv)      Impact of blasting, noise and vibrations.                       

(xxv)       Impacts of mining on the AAQ, predictive modelling using the ISCST-3 (Revised) or latest model.

(xxvi)      Impacts of mineral transportation – within and outside the lease/project along with flow-chart indicating the specific areas generating fugitive emissions. Impacts of transportation, handling, transfer of mineral and waste on air quality, generation of effluents from workshop, management plan for maintenance of HEMM, machinery, equipment. Details of various facilities to be provided in terms of parking, rest areas, canteen, and effluents/pollution load from these activities.

(xxvii)     Details of waste generation – OB, topsoil – as per the approved calendar programme, and their management shown in figures as well explanatory chapter with tables giving progressive development and mine closure plan, green belt development, backfilling programme and conceptual post mining land use. OB dump heights and terracing should based on slope stability studies with a max of 28o angle as the ultimate slope. Sections of dumps (ultimate) (both longitudinal and cross section) with relation to the adjacent area should be shown.

(xxviii)    Impact and management of wastes and issues of rehandling and backfilling and progressive mine closure and reclamation.

(xxix)      Flow chart of water balance. Treatment of effluents from workshop, township, domestic wastewater, mine water discharge, etc. Details of STP in colony and ETP in mine. Recycling of water to the max. possible extent.

(xxx)       Occupational health issues. Baseline data on the health of the population in the impact zone and measures for occupational health and safety of the personnel and manpower for the mine.

(xxxi)      Risk Assessment and Disaster Preparedness and Management Plan.

(xxxii)     Integrating in the Env. Management Plan with measures for minimising use of natural resources - water, land, energy, etc.

(xxxiii)    Progressive Green belt and afforestation plan (both in text, figures as well as in tables prepared by MOEF given below) and selection of species (local) for the afforestation/plantation programme based on original survey/landuse.

 

            Table 1: Stage-wise Landuse and Reclamation Area (ha)

S.N.

Land use Category

Present

(1st Year)

5th Year

10th Year

20th year

24th Year (end of Mine life)*

1.

Backfilled Area (Reclaimed with plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

2.

Excavated Area (not reclaimed)/void

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

External OB dump

Reclaimed with plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Reclaimed Top soil dump

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Green Built Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Undisturbed area (brought under plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

7.

Roads (avenue plantation)

 

 

 

 

 

8.

Area around buildings and Infrastructure

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

110

110

110

110

110

                * Representative case as an example

 

 

 

            Table 2: Stage-wise Cumulative Plantation

S.N.

YEAR*

Green Belt

External Dump

Backfilled Area

Others

(Undisturbed

Area/etc)

TOTAL

 

 

Area

(ha)

No. of trees

Area

(ha)

No. of Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of

 Trees

Area

(ha)

No. of

 Trees

1.

1st year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.

3rd year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.

5th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4.

10th yesr

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5.

15th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6.

20th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7.

25th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8.

30th year

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9.

34th year (end of mine life)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

10.

34-37th Year (Post-mining)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

85

 

                * Representative case as an example

 

(xxxiv)      Conservation Plan for the endangered/endemic flora and fauna found in the study area and for safety of animals visiting/residing in the study area and also those using the study area as a migratory corridor.

(xxxv)       Conceptual Final Mine Closure Plan, post mining land use and restoration of land/habitat to pre- mining. A Plan for the ecological restoration of the area post mining and for land use should be prepared with detailed cost provisions.

 

            Table 3: Post-Mining Landuse Pattern of ML/Project Area (ha)

S.N.

Land use during Mining

Land Use (ha)

1.

External OB Dump

Plantation

Water Body

Public Use

Undisturbed

TOTAL

2.

Top soil Dump

 

 

 

 

 

3.

Excavation

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Roads

 

 

 

 

 

4.

Built up area

 

 

 

 

 

5.

Green Belt

 

 

 

 

 

6.

Undisturbed Area

 

 

 

 

 

 

TOTAL

85

 

 

 

110

 

 

(xxxvi)      Including cost of EMP (capital and recurring) in the project cost and for progressive and final mine closure plan.

(xxxvii)     Details of R&R.  Detailed project specific R&R Plan with data on the existing socio-economic status of the population (including tribals, SC/ST, BPL families) found in the study area and broad plan for resettlement of the displaced population, site for the resettlement colony, alternate livelihood concerns/employment for the displaced people, civic and housing amenities being offered, etc and costs along with the schedule of the implementation of the R&R Plan.

(xxxviii) CSR Plan along with details of villages and specific budgetary provisions (capital and recurring) for specific activities over the life of the project.

(xxxix) Public Hearing should cover the details of notices issued in the newspaper, proceedings/minutes of public hearing, the points raised by the general public and commitments made by the proponent should be presented in a tabular form. If the Public Hearing is in the regional language, an authenticated English Translation of the same should be provided.

(xxxx)  In built mechanism of self-monitoring of compliance of environmental regulations.

(xxxxi) Status of any litigations/ court cases filed/pending on the project.

(xxxxii) Submission of sample test analysis of:

Characteristics of coal - this includes grade of coal and other characteristics – ash, S and heavy metals including levels of Hg, As, Pb, Cr etc.

(xxxxiii) Copy of clearances/approvals – such as Forestry clearances, Mining Plan Approval,

            NOC from Flood and Irrigation Dept. (if req.), etc.

 

            (A) FORESTRY CLEARANCE

TOTAL ML/PROJECT

AREA (ha)

TOTAL FORESTLAND (ha)

Date of FC

Extent of forestland

In the FC

Balance area for which FC is yet to be obtained

Status of appl. for diversion of

Balance forestland

 

 

If more than one, provide details of each FC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

            Copies of forestry clearance letters (all, if there are more than one)

           

            (B)        MINING PLAN APPROVAL

                       

            (B)        MINING PLAN/PROJECT APPROVAL

            Date of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval:

            Copy of Letter of Approval of Mining Plan/Project Approval

 

____


 ANNEXURE-7

 

GENERAL CONDITIONS AND ADDITIONAL POINTS OF TOR

 

The following general points should be noted:

 

(i)         All documents should be properly indexed, page numbered.

(ii)         Period/date of data collection should be clearly indicated.

(iii)        Authenticated English translation of all material provided in Regional languages.

(iv)        After the preparation of the draft EIA-EMP Report as per the aforesaid TOR, the proponent shall get the Public Hearing conducted as prescribed in the EIA Notification 2006 and take necessary action for obtaining environmental clearance under the provisions of the EIA Notification 2006.

(v)           The letter/application for EC should quote the MOEF file No. and also attach a copy of the letter prescribing the TOR.

(vi)          The copy of the letter received from the Ministry on the TOR prescribed for the project should be attached as an annexure to the final EIA-EMP Report.

(vii)       The final EIA-EMP report submitted to the Ministry must incorporate the issues in TOR and that raised in Public Hearing. The index of the final EIA-EMP report, must indicate the specific chapter and page no. of the EIA-EMP Report where the specific TOR prescribed by Ministry and the issue raised in the P.H. have been incorporated. Mining Questionnaire (posted on MOEF website) with all sections duly filled in shall also be submitted at the time of applying for EC.

(viii)      General Instructions for the preparation and presentation before the EAC of TOR/EC projects of Coal Sector should be incorporated/followed.

(viii)      The aforesaid TOR has a validity of two years only.

 

The following additional points are also to be noted:

(i)             Grant of TOR does not necessarily mean grant of EC.

(ii)            Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of TOR/EC to the captive/linked project.

(iii)           Grant of TOR/EC to the present project does not necessarily mean grant of approvals in other regulations such as the Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 or the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.

(iv)        Grant of EC is also subject to Circulars issued under the EIA Notification 2006, which are available on the MOEF website: www.envfor.nic.in

______

 

 

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