Government of India

Ministry of Environment & Forests


Paryavaran Bhawan,


New Delhi -110510.




Dated: 2nd July 2009


Chief General Manger (Civil/Env./Forest),

M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd.,

Bilaspur, Chhattisgarh.


Sub:       Amagaon Opencast Coal Mine Project (1 MTPA in an ML area of 801.22 ha) of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. (SECL), located in village Amgaon, Tehsil Surajpur District Sarguja, Chhattisgarh - environmental clearance – reg.



                This has reference to letter No. 43011/17/2001-CPAM dated 10.09.2008 forwarding the application and letters dated 05.05.2009, 20.06.2009 on the above-mentioned subject. The Ministry of Environment & Forests has considered your application.  It is noted that the project is for opening a new opencast coalmine of 1 million tonnes per annum production capacity in an area of 801.22 ha. Of the total lease area, 640.31 ha is agricultural land, 86.12 ha is forestland, and 74.79 ha is wasteland. A number of reserve forests and protected forest – Ketka RF, Devnagar RF, Rajapur PF, Dawan RF, Pasta RF, and Pothri PF are found in the study area. Forestry clearance has not been obtained. There area no National Parks, Wildlife Sanctuary, Biosphere Reserves found in the 10 km buffer zone. Of the total lease area, area for excavation is 621ha, 30 ha is for OB dumps, 16 ha is for infrastructure and 134.22 ha is for safety zone. A colony is being established in an area of 1.74 ha, at a distance of 2-3 km form the mine with 65 dwelling units. River Rehar flows at a distance of 8km from the ML and Sareya Nalla flows adjacent to the lease boundary. The project involves modification of the natural drainage by construction of an embankment. Mining will be opencast by mechanised method. Maximum rated capacity of the mine is 1 million tonnes per annum (MTPA) of coal production. Entire mineral transportation of 3030 TPD of coal is by road. Ultimate working depth of the mine is 53m below ground level (bgl). Water table is in the range of 7.42 – 8.47 m bgl during pre-monsoon and 2.23 –2.67m bgl during post monsoon. Peak water requirement is 550 m3/d. An estimated 171.16 Mm3 of OB will be generated over the life of mine of which 97% will be backfilled and the balance stored in one ternal OB dump of a max. height of 40m height. Project involves R&R of one village – Amgaon involving 454 land oustees and 253 losers of homesteads. Public Hearing was held on 29.05.2007. Life of the mine at the rated capacity is 26 years. The project has been approved by M/s SECL on 30.06.2004. The capital cost of the project is Rs. 3927.30 lakhs.



2.             The Ministry of Environment & forests hereby accords environmental clearance for the above-mentioned Amgaon Opencast Coal Mine Project of M/s South Eastern Coalfields Ltd. for production of coal of 1 MTPA rated capacity under the provisions of the Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 2006 and amendments thereto and various Circulars issued thereunder and subject to the compliance of the terms and conditions mentioned below:



A.            Specific Conditions


(i)            No mining operations shall be undertaken in the forestland until forestry clearance has been obtained under the provisions of FC Act 1980.

(iii)         Topsoil should be stacked properly with proper slope at earmarked site(s) and should not be kept active and shall be used within a year of its production for reclamation and development of green belt.


(iii)         OB should be stacked at earmarked one external OB dumpsite within ML area and shall be a maximum height of 40m only and consist of benches of 10 to 15 m each. The ultimate slope of the dump shall not exceed 28o. Backfilling started from 3rd year onwards shall continue in the decoaled area until end of mine life. Monitoring and management of existing reclaimed dumpsite should continue until the vegetation becomes self-sustaining. Compliance status should be submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests and its Regional office located at Bhopal on yearly basis.


(iv)          Catch drains and siltation ponds of appropriate size should be constructed to arrest silt and sediment flows from soil, OB and mineral dumps. The water so collected should be utilised for watering the mine area, roads, green belt development, etc. The drains should be regularly desilted and maintained properly.

Garland drains (size, gradient and length) and sump capacity should be designed keeping 50% safety margin over and above the peak sudden rainfall and maximum discharge in the area adjoining the mine site. Sump capacity should also provided adequate retention period to allow proper settling of silt material.


(v)           Dimension of the retaining wall at the toe of the dumps and OB benches within the mine to check run-off and siltation should be based on the rainfall data.


(vi)                          Crushers at the CHP should be operated with high efficiency bag filters, water sprinkling system should be provided to check fugitive emissions from crushing operations, conveyor system, haulage roads, transfer points, etc.


(vii)             All major approach roads, major haul roads shall be black topped. A 3-tier avenue plantation shall be developed all along these roads.


(viii)           Mineral transportation shall be by rail and a railway siding being established within the lease shall be operational within 2 years from start of mine operation.


(viii)      Drills should be wet operated only.


(ix)               Controlled blasting should be practiced with use of delay detonators. The mitigative measures for control of ground vibrations and to arrest the fly rocks and boulders should be implemented.


(x)           Area brought under afforestation shall be shall not less than 592 ha which include reclaimed external OB dump (30 ha), backfilled area (552 ha), along ML boundary, infrastructure (10 ha), along roads and area in township located outside the lease by planting native species in consultation with the local DFO/Agriculture Department. The density of the trees should be around 2500 plants per ha.


(xi)         A Progressive Mine Closure Plan shall be implemented by reclamation of decoaled quarry area of 621 ha of which 552 ha shall be backfilled and reclaimed by planting native plant species in consultation with the local DFO/Agriculture Department. The density of the trees should be around 2500 plants per ha. The balance 69 ha of the decoaled void to be converted into a water reservoir of a maximum depth of 25m and 5 ha are is for haul road for plantation.


(xii)        Conservation Plan for endangered species found in and around the project area shall be formulated, if required, in consultation with the State Forest and Wildlife Departments.


(xiii)       Entire water requirement for the mining operations except for domestic consumption from tube wells, shall be met from mine discharge water.


(xiv)       Regular monitoring of groundwater level and quality should be carried out by establishing a network of exiting wells and construction of new peizometers. The monitoring for quantity should be done four times a year in pre-monsoon (May), monsoon (August), post-monsoon (November) and winter (January) seasons and for quality in May. Data thus collected should be submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests and tot eh Central Pollution Control Board quarterly within one month of monitoring.


(xv)        The Company shall put up artificial groundwater recharge measures for augmentation of groundwater resource. The project authorities should meet water requirement of nearby village(s) in case the village wells go dry due to dewatering of mine.


(xvi)       Sewage treatment plant should be installed in the colony. ETP should also be provided for workshop and CHP wastewater.


(xvii)      R&R of village Amgaon shall be implemented within the time schedule and compensation shall be not less than the norms prescribed under the National R&R Policy. Training shall be given as part of R&R on skill development both or employment within the company and for those who would have their own independent means of livelihood. Plan of implementation of R&R would include an assessment of the socio-economic status of the villages covered under R&R and under CSR, based on the HDR of UNDP on the status of villages - pre-mining and during the course of the implementation of the project and thereafter, to determine the impact of implementation of R&R and measures for improving their socio-economic status. Annuity be considered under R&R for the really poor (BPL families) and for aged and handicapped population from the displaced communities.


(xx)         A Plan for socio-economic measures for the local communities shall be prepared and implemented. A pre-project survey of the community shall be undertaken using the UNDP Human Development Index which would be monitored and evaluated over the life of the project at least once every 5 years and for review of progress and impacts of measures. An annual recurring costs of Rs. 3 crores or 2.5% of the net earnings whichever is higher.



(xxi)       For monitoring land use pattern and for post mining land use, a time series of landuse maps, based on satellite imagery (on a scale of 1: 5000) of the core zone and buffer zone, from the start of the project until end of mine life shall be prepared once in 3 years (for any one particular season which is consistent in the time series), and the report submitted to MOEF and its Regional office at Bhopal.


(xxii)     Besides carrying out regular periodic health check up of their workers, 10% of the workers identified from workforce engaged in active mining operations shall be subjected to health check up for occupational diseases and hearing impairment, if any, through an agency such as NIOH, Ahmedabad within a period of one year and the results reported to this Ministry and to DGMS.


(xxiii)    A Final Mine Closure Plan along with details of Corpus Fund should be submitted to the Ministry of Environment & Forests 5 years in advance of final mine closure for approval.



B.            General Conditions


(i)                  No change in mining technology and scope of working shall be made without prior approval of the Ministry of Environment and Forests.


(ii)                No change in the calendar plan including excavation, quantum of mineral coal and waste shall be made.


(iii)              Four ambient air quality monitoring stations shall be established in the core zone as well as in the buffer zone for monitoring SPM, RSPM, SO2 and NOx. Location of the stations shall be decided based on the meteorological data, topographical features and environmentally and ecologically sensitive targets in consultation with the State Pollution Control Board. Monitoring of heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc. shall be carried out twice in a year and records maintained thereof.


(iv)               Data on ambient air quality (SPM, RSPM, SO2, NOx and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc) shall be regularly submitted to the Ministry including its Regional Office and to the State Pollution Control Board and the Central Pollution Control Board once in six months.


(v)                 Fugitive dust emissions (SPM, RSPM, and heavy metals such as Hg, Pb, Cr, As, etc) from all the sources shall be regularly monitored and data recorded properly. Water spraying arrangement on haul roads, wagon loading, dumper trucks (loading and unloading) points shall be provided and properly maintained.


(vi)               Adequate measures shall be taken for control of noise levels below 85 dBA in the work environment. Workers engaged in blasting and drilling operations, operation of HEMM, etc shall be provided with ear plugs/muffs.


(vii)             Industrial wastewater (workshop and wastewater from the mine) shall be properly collected, treated so as to conform to the standards prescribed under GSR 422 (E) dated 19th May 1993 and 31st December 1993 or as amended from time to time before discharge. Oil and grease trap shall be installed before discharge of workshop effluents.

(viii)           Vehicular emissions shall be kept under control and regularly monitored. Vehicles used for transporting the mineral shall be covered with tarpaulins and optimally loaded.


(ix)               Environmental laboratory shall be established with adequate number and type of pollution monitoring and analysis equipment in consultation with the State Pollution Control Board.


(x)                 Personnel working in dusty areas shall wear protective respiratory devices and they shall also be provided with adequate training and information on safety and health aspects.

                Occupational health surveillance programme of the workers shall be undertaken periodically to observe any contractions due to exposure to dust and to take corrective measures, if needed.


(xi)               A separate environmental management cell with suitable qualified personnel shall be set up under the control of a Senior Executive, who will report directly to the Head of the company.


(xii)             The funds earmarked for environmental protection measures shall e kept in separate account and shall not be diverted for other purpose. Year-wise expenditure shall be reported to this Ministry and its Regional Office at Bhopal.


(xiii)           The Regional Office of this Ministry located at Bhopal shall monitor compliance of the stipulated conditions. The Project authorities shall extend full cooperation to the office(s) of the Regional Office by furnishing the requisite data/ information/monitoring reports.


(xiv)           A copy of the will be marked to concerned Panchayat/ local NGO, if any, from whom any suggestion/representation has been received while processing the proposal.


(xv)             State Pollution Control Board shall display a copy of the clearance letter at the Regional  Office, District Industry Centre and Collector’s Office/Tehsildar’s Office for 30 days.


(xvi)           The Project authorities shall advertise at least in two local newspapers widely circulated around the project, one of which shall be in the vernacular language of the locality concerned within seven days of the clearance letter informing that the project has been accorded environmental clearance and a copy of the clearance letter is available with the State Pollution control Board and may also be seen at the website of the ministry of Environment & Forests at  The compliance status shall also be uploaded by the project authorities in their website and regularly updated at least once in six months so as to bring the same in the public domain. The monitoring data on environmental parameters  (air, water, soil and noise) shall also be displayed at the entrance of the project premises and mines office and in corporate office and on the company website and regularly updated once every 6 months.


3.            The Ministry or any other competent authority may stipulate any further condition for environmental protection.


4.            Failure to comply with any of the conditions mentioned above may result in withdrawal of this clearance and attract the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.


5.            The above conditions will be enforced inter-alia, under the provisions of the Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 along with their amendments and Rules. The proponent shall ensure to undertake and provide for the costs incurred for taking up remedial measures in case of soil contamination, contamination of groundwater and surface water, and occupational and other diseases due to the mining operations.





Copy to:

1.       Secretary, Ministry of Coal, New Delhi.

2.       Secretary, Department of Environment & Forests, Government of Chhattisgarh, Secretariat, Raipur.

3.       Chief Conservator of Forests, Regional office (EZ), Ministry of Environment & Forests, E-2/240 Arear Colony, Bhopal – 462016.

4.    Chairman, Chhattisgarh State Environment Conservation Board, 1-Tilak Nagar, Shiv Mandir Chowk,Main Road, Avanti Vihar, RAIPUR-Chhattisgarh – 492001.

5.    Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board, CBD-cum-Office Complex, East Arjun Nagar, New Delhi -110032.

6.    Member-Secretary, Central Ground Water Authority, Ministry of Water Resources, Curzon Road Barracks, A-2, W-3 Kasturba Gandhi Marg, New Delhi.

7.     District Collector, Sarguja, Government of Chhattisgarh, New Delhi.

8.    Monitoring File          9.             Guard File           10.          Record File.




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