J-13012/14/2008 -IA.II (T)

Government of India

Ministry of Environment & Forests 


E-mail: plahujarai@yahoo.com

Tele fax: 24363973

Paryavaran Bhawan, CGO Complex,

Lodi Road, New Delhi-110 003

Dated:  July 12, 2010


M/s Ind-Barath Power (Madras) Ltd

GF1A, Prince Villa

            No.15, Rajamannar Salai, T. Nagar

            Chennai 600017, Tamilnadu


Sub:     1X660 MW Super Critical Coal Thermal Power Plant (TPP) of M/s Ind - Barath Power (Madras) Ltd. at Villages Sasthavinallur, Pallakkurichi and Adiyakurichi in Sattankulam Taluka in Tuticorin District in Tamil Nadu-Reg. Environmental Clearance


The undersigned is directed to refer to your letter no. IBPML/MOEF/EIA/15 dated 10.03.2010 along with copies of EIA/EMP and public hearing reports on the above subject mentioned and subsequent communications dated 04.06.2010 and 15.06.2010 seeking environmental clearance under the provisions of EIA Notification, 2006.


2.         The Ministry of Environment & Forests has examined the application.  It has been noted that the proposal is for setting up of 2x660 MW Coal Based TPP in District Tuticorin in Tamil Nadu. The land requirement will be 750 acres. The plant is located at a distance of 6 km from the Bay of Bengal. No National Park/Wildlife Sanctuary or Eco-sensitive area is located within 10km radius of the area.  The study area is  drained by the river Karamanayar. The Standing Linkage Committee has recommended coal linkage for 1x660 MW Thermal Power Plant. The sulphur and ash content in the coal will be 0.4% and 45% respectively. It is noted that it is proposed to install air cool condenser for main condensate and there will be no discharge of condensate cooling water blow down. The water requirement of 1,000 MW for 1x660 MW TPP will be met from M/s South Ganga Water Technologies. The Company providing the desalinated water has obtained clearance on 19.11.2004 under the CRZ Notification, 1991 from the State Coastal Zone Management Authority for laying of pipeline in the CRZ for intake and discharge of sea water from the desalination plant. To control the particulate emissions below 50 mg/Nm3, ESP of 99% efficiency will be installed. It is proposed to provide two separate stacks of 275 m height for dispersion of gaseous emissions. Dust extraction system at all the transfer points will be provided. The fly ash and bottom ash will be provided to the bricks, cement and asbestos cement sheets manufacturers. Public hearing for the project was held on 29th April, 2010. Total cost of the project is Rs. 5,280 Crores.


3.            The project has been considered in accordance with the provisions of the EIA notification issued by the Ministry of Environment & Forests vide S.O. 1533 (E), dated September 14, 2006.


4.            Based on the information submitted by you, as at Para 2 above and others, the Ministry of Environment and Forests hereby accords environmental clearance to the above project under the provisions of ElA Notification dated September 14, 2006, subject to the compliance of the following Specific and General conditions:


A.           Specific Conditions:


(i)            High Efficiency Electrostatic Precipitators (ESPs) shall be installed to ensure that particulate emission does not exceed 50 mg/Nm3. Two stack of 275 m each and having exit velocity not less than 22 m/s shall be installed.


(ii)          Adequate dust extraction system such as cyclones/ bag filters and water spray system in dusty areas such as in coal handling and ash handling points, transfer areas and other vulnerable dusty areas shall be   provided.


(iii)         The proponent shall upload the status of compliance of the stipulated EC conditions, including results of monitored data on their website and shall update the same periodically. It shall simultaneously be sent to the Regional Office of MOEF, the respective Zonal Office of CPCB and the SPCB. The criteria pollutant levels namely; RSPM (PM2.5 & PM10), SO2, NOx (ambient levels as well as stack emissions) shall be displayed at a convenient location near the main gate of the company in the public domain.


(iv)         Well designed acoustic enclosures for the DG sets and noise emitting equipments to achieve the desirable insertion loss viz. 25 dB(A) should be provided.


(v)          No ground water shall be extracted for use in operation of the power plant even in lean season.


(vi)         No water bodies including natural drainage system in the area shall be disturbed due to activities associated with the setting up / operation of the power plant.


(vii)        Utilization of 100% Fly Ash generated shall be made from 4th year of operation of the plant. Status of implementation shall be reported to the Regional Office of the Ministry from time to time.


(viii)      Fly ash shall be collected in dry form and storage facility (silos) shall be provided.  Unutilized fly ash shall be disposed off in the ash pond in the form of slurry form. Mercury and other heavy metals (As,Hg, Cr, Pb etc.) shall be monitored in the bottom ash as also in the effluents emanating from the existing ash pond. No ash shall be disposed off in low lying area.


(ix)         Ash pond shall be lined with HDP/LDP lining or any other suitable impermeable media such that no leachate takes place at any point of time. Adequate safety measures shall also be implemented to protect the ash dyke from getting breached.


(x)          Additional soil for leveling of the proposed site shall be generated within the sites (to the extent possible) so that natural drainage system of the area is protected and improved.


(xi)         A well designed rain water harvesting system shall be put in place within six months, which shall comprises of rain water collection from the built up and open area in the plant premises. Status of implementation shall be submitted to the Ministry within six months. 


(xii)        Monitoring of surface water quantity and quality shall also be regularly conducted and records maintained. The monitored data shall be submitted to the Ministry regularly. Further, monitoring points shall be located between the plant and drainage in the direction of flow of ground water and records maintained. Monitoring for heavy metals in ground water shall be undertaken.


(xiii)      The project proponent shall in collaboration with other thermal power plants in the area develop a monitoring mechanism for marine/coastal water at its own expenses a govt. institute / university in the region. The monitoring result shall be submitted to the Ministry half yearly after the plant becomes operational.


(xiv)      Detailed hydro-geological study (including sustainability of water source study) shall be conducted from an institute/ organization of repute and submitted within six months. Specific mitigation measures (as required) shall be spelt out and action plan for implementation of the same shall be provided.


(xv)        Source of water for meeting the requirement during lean season shall be specified and submitted to the Regional Office of the Ministry within three months.


(xvi)      Green Belt consisting of 3 tiers of plantations of native species around plant and at least 100 m width shall be raised. Wherever 100 m width is not feasible a 50 m width shall be raised and adequate justification shall be submitted to the Ministry.


(xvii)     To meet the expenditure on plantations and their management, a common Green Endowment fund should be created by the project proponents out of EMP budgets the interest earned out of it should be used for the development and management of green cover of the area.


(xviii)    Two nearest villages shall be adopted and basic amenities like development of roads, drinking water supply, primary health centre, primary school etc shall be developed by the project proponent at its own cost in co-ordination with the district administration.


(xix)      The project proponent shall adequately contribute in the development of other neighbouring villages. Special package with implementation schedule for providing potable drinking water supply in the near by villages and schools shall be undertaken in a time bound manner.


(xx)        The project proponent shall adopt the fishing communities displaced / affected by the power plant (if any) and in particular those residing in and around within 3.0 km of the project site.


(xxi)      The project proponent shall prepare an action plan to be submitted within three months to the Ministry for regeneration of mangroves in the area and shall specify the financial commitments for the same.


(xxii)     An endowment of Fishermen Welfare Fund shall be created not only of enhance their quality of life through creation of facilities for fish landing platforms/ fishing harbour/ cold storage, but also to provide relief in case of emergency situations such as missing of fishermen on duty due to rough seas, tropical cyclones and storms etc.


(xxiii)    Local employable youth shall be identified and trained in skills relevant to the project for eventual employment in the project itself. The action taken report and details thereof to this effect shall be submitted to the Regional Office of the Ministry and the State Govt. Department concerned from time to time.


(xxiv)    An amount of Rs. 21.0 crores as one time investment should be earmarked for activities to be taken up under CSR by the above proponent. Recurring expenditure for CSR shall not be less than Rs. 4.20 crores per annum. Detailed action plan with break of activities shall be submitted within six months to the Ministry.


(xxv)     While identifying CSR programme the company shall conduct need based assessment for the nearby villages to study economic measures with action plan which can help in upliftment of poor section of society. Income generating projects consistent with the traditional skills of the people besides development of fodder farm, fruit bearing orchards, vocational training etc. can form a part of such programme. Company shall provide separate budget for community development activities and income generating programmes.  This will be in addition to vocational training for individuals imparted to take up self employment and jobs. In addition a special scheme for upliftment of SC/ST’s and marginalized population in the study area out of CSR programme shall be formulated and submitted to the Ministry within six months along with firm commitment of implementation. The scheme shall have an in-built monitoring mechanism.


(xxvi)    It shall be ensured that in-built monitoring mechanism for the schemes identified is in place and annual social audit shall be got done from the nearest government institute of repute in the region. The project proponent shall also submit the status of implementation of the scheme from time to time


(xxvii)  A dedicated Environment management Cell with suitable qualified personnel constituting of Marine Biologist and an ecologist shall be set-up under the control of a Senior Executive, who will report directly to the Head of the Organization.


(xxviii) The company shall provide housing for construction labour within the site with all necessary infrastructure and facilities such as fuel for cooking, mobile toilets, mobile STP, safe drinking water, medical health care, crèche etc. The housing may be in the form of temporary structures to be removed after the completion of the project.


B.           General Conditions:


(i)           A sewage treatment plant shall be provided (as applicable) and the treated sewage shall be used for raising greenbelt/plantation.


(ii)          Adequate safety measures shall be provided in the plant area to check/minimize spontaneous fires in coal yard, especially during summer season. Copy of these measures with full details along with location plant layout shall be submitted to the Ministry as well as to the Regional Office of the Ministry.


(iii)         Storage facilities for auxiliary liquid fuel such as LDO and/ HFO/LSHS shall be made in the plant area in consultation with Department of Explosives, Nagpur. Sulphur content in the liquid fuel will not exceed 0.5%.  Disaster Management Plan shall be prepared to meet any eventuality in case of an accident taking place due to storage of oil.


(iv)         Regular monitoring of ground water level shall be carried out by establishing a network of existing wells and constructing new piezometers. Monitoring around the ash pond area shall be carried out particularly for heavy metals (Hg,Cr,As,Pb) and records maintained and submitted to the Regional Office of this Ministry. The data so obtained should be compared with the baseline data so as to ensure that the ground water quality is not adversely affected due to the project.


(v)          First Aid and sanitation arrangements shall be made for the drivers and other contract workers during construction phase.


(vi)         Noise levels emanating from turbines shall be so controlled such that the noise in the work zone shall be limited to 75 dBA. For people working in the high noise area, requisite personal protective equipment like earplugs/ear muffs etc. shall be provided. Workers engaged in noisy areas such as turbine area, air compressors etc shall be periodically examined to maintain audiometric record and for treatment for any hearing loss including shifting to non noisy/less noisy areas.


(vii)       Regular monitoring of ground level concentration of SO2, NOx, PM2.5 & PM10 and Hg shall be carried out in the impact zone and records maintained.  If at any stage these levels are found to exceed the prescribed limits, necessary control measures shall be provided immediately. The location of the monitoring stations and frequency of monitoring shall be decided in consultation with SPCB. Periodic reports shall be submitted to the Regional Office of this Ministry. The data shall also be put on the website of the company.


(viii)      The project proponent shall advertise in at least two local newspapers widely circulated in the region around the project, one of which shall be in the vernacular language of the locality concerned within seven days from the date of this clearance letter, informing that the project has been accorded environmental clearance and copies of clearance letter are available with the State Pollution Control Board/Committee and may also be seen at Website of the Ministry of Environment and Forests at http://envfor.nic.in.


(ix)         A copy of the clearance letter shall be sent by the proponent to concerned Panchayat, Zila Parisad / Municipal Corporation, urban local Body and the Local NGO, if any, from whom suggestions/representations, if any, received while processing the proposal. The clearance letter shall also be put on the website of the Company by the proponent.


(x)          A separate Environment Management Cell with qualified staff shall be set up for implementation of the stipulated environmental safeguards.


(xi)         The project proponent shall also submit six monthly reports on the status of compliance of the stipulated environmental clearance conditions including results of monitored data (both in hard copies as well by e-mail) to the respective Regional Office of MOEF, the respective Zonal Office of CPCB and the SPCB.  


(xii)       The environment statement for each financial year ending 31st March in Form-V as is mandated to be submitted by the project proponent to the concerned State Pollution Control Board as prescribed under the Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986, as amended subsequently, shall also be put on the website of the company along with the status of compliance of EC conditions and shall also be sent to the respective Regional Offices of the Ministry by e-mail. 


(xiii)      The project proponent shall submit six monthly reports on the status of the implementation of the stipulated environmental safeguards to the Ministry of Environment and Forests, its Regional Office, Central Pollution Control Board and State Pollution Control Board. The project proponent shall upload the status of compliance of the environment of the environmental clearance conditions on their website and update the same periodically and simultaneously send the same by e-mail to the Regional Office, Ministry of Environment and Forests.


(xiv)      Regional Office of the Ministry of Environment & Forests will monitor the implementation of the stipulated conditions. A complete set of documents including Environmental Impact Assessment Report and Environment Management Plan along with the additional information submitted from time to time shall be forwarded to the Regional Office for their use during monitoring. Project proponent will up-load the compliance status in their website and up-date the same from time to time at least six monthly basis. Criteria pollutants levels including NOx (from stack & ambient air) shall be displayed at the main gate of the power plant.


(xv)       Separate funds shall be allocated for implementation of environmental protection measures along with item-wise break-up. These cost shall be included as part of the project cost. The funds earmarked for the environment protection measures shall not be diverted for other purposes and year-wise expenditure should be reported to the Ministry.


(xvi)      The project authorities shall inform the Regional Office as well as the Ministry regarding the date of financial closure and final approval of the project by the concerned authorities and the dates of start of land development work and commissioning of plant.


(xvii)     Full cooperation shall be extended to the Scientists/Officers from the Ministry / Regional Office of the Ministry at Bangalore / CPCB/ SPCB who would be monitoring the compliance of environmental status.


4.         The Ministry of Environment and Forests reserves the right to revoke the clearance if conditions stipulated are not implemented to the satisfaction of the Ministry. The Ministry may also impose additional environmental conditions or modify the existing ones, if necessary.

5.         The environmental clearance accorded shall be valid for a period of 5 years to start operations by the power plant.

6.         Concealing factual data or submission of false/fabricated data and failure to comply with any of the conditions mentioned above may result in withdrawal of this clearance and attract action under the provisions of Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.


7.         In case of any deviation or alteration in the project proposed including coal transportation system from those submitted to this Ministry for clearance, a fresh reference should be made to the Ministry to assess the adequacy of the condition(s) imposed and to add additional environmental protection measures required, if any.

8.         The above stipulations would be enforced among others under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and rules there under, Hazardous Wastes (Management, Handling and Transboundary ) Rules, 1989 and its amendments, the Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991 and its amendments.

9.         Any appeal against this environmental clearance shall lie with the National Environment Appellate Authority, if preferred, within 30 days as prescribed under Section 11 of the National Environment Appellate Act, 1997.

Yours faithfully,


(Dr. P.L. Ahujarai)

Scientist ‘F’

Copy to:


1.            The Secretary, Ministry of Power, Shram Shakti Bhawan, Rafi Marg, New Delhi 110001.

2.            The Secretary (Environment), Environment Department, Government of Tamil Nadu.

3.            The Chairman, Central Electricity Authority, Sewa Bhawan, R.K. Puram, New Delhi-110066.

4.            The Chairman, Tamil Nadu State Pollution Control Board, No. 76, Mount Road, Mount Salai, Guindy, Chennai - 600 032

5.            The Chairman, Central Pollution Control Board, Parivesh      Bhawan, CBD-cum-Office Complex, East Arjun Nagar, Delhi-    110032.

6.            The Chief Conservator of Forests, Regional Office (SZ), Kendriya Sadan, 4th Floor E&F Wings 17th Main Road, 1 Block , Koranmangala, Bangalore -560 034.

7.            The District Collector, Tuticorin District, Govt. of Tamil Nadu.

8.          Guard file.

9.          Monitoring file.


(Dr. P.L. Ahujarai)

Scientist ‘F’



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